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In Memory of 


CLASS OF 1896 

Cornell University Library 
PJ 9237.E7178 1972 

Dictionary pl.,.the.Atnharic,lan3^a^^^^^ 

1 3 1924 026 888 481 •«-" 



Cornell University 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 


This is an authorized facsimile of the original book, and 
was produced in 1972 by microfilm-xerography by University 
Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A. 




















The appearance of a new Dictionary of the Amharic Language needs no 
apology. The only work of this kind hitherto published, is Ludolf 's " Lexicon 
Amharico-Latinum," Frankfort, 1698. That distingtdshed scholar, eminent for 
his piety as well as for his learning, from a confused mass of materials produced 
a " History of Abyssinia," which forms the basis of all that has been said by 
subsequent writers on the affairs of that country. He also composed an 
excellent Ethiopic Grammar and Lexicon. He subsequently availed himself of 
the assistance of Abba Gregorius, a native of ]Mal:ana-Selasse, in Shoa — who for 
a short time resided with him at the Court of Duke Ernest, surnamed the 
Pious, of Saxe Gotha— to prepare a Grammar and a Lexicon of the Amharic 
Language. The object of this last \vork was, to prepare the way for the civil 
and religious improvement of Abyssinia. Considering the scanty means which 
he had for acquiring a knowledge of the Amharic Language*, it is surprising 
how much Ludolf accomplished in his two Amharic works. It is Jiot sur- 
prising that they are far inferior to his Ethiopic works, for which he had 
ampler materials. 

The Amharic Translation of the whole Bible, executed in Egypt by an 
Abyssinian monk, Abu Rvmii, or — as the author of this Dictionary received 
his name from a personal acquaintance of his, Dabtera Matteos — -Abi Ruhli, 
a native of Godjam, which was revised and published by the British and 
Foreign Bible Society, furnished a more valuable source for the study of the 
Amharic Language. 

* His Teacher was the before-mentioned monk, Abba Gregorius, who had no idea of any ^am- 
matical rules of a langiiap:c ; and who possessed, as the only literary source for Ludolf s Lexicon, a 
small Vocabulary of the most necessary words and expressions for daily intercourse, in Italian and 

iv PR K FACE. 

The want of a good Grammar and Dictionary, however, v,as deeply felt 
by the Missionaries of the Church Missionary Society, in their intercourse 
witli the Abyssinians. Still the author of this work did not, during a three 
years' stay in Tigre, from 1835 to 1838, think of collecting materials for a 
Dictionary; it being his conviction, that a longer residence in the country, 
and the publication of the Bible Society's edition of the Arnharic Scriptures, 
which had not then taken place, would better qualify him, or any of his 
brethren, for the execution of such an important work. But when, after 
the sudden and unexpected breaking-up of their Tigre Mission, he, witli 
his fellow-labourer, the Rev. J. L. Krapf, left Eo;j'|)t, for Rhoa, in January 1839, 
fid the Red Sea, he was so impressed witli the necessity of collecting materials 
for a Dictionary, that he resolved to begin with this work while on their journey, 
and to employ upon it all the leisure hours which that long journey afforded 
him. His plan was, while on the journey, to read the whole of vrhat, up to 
that period, had been published of the Amharic Scrijituros ; i.e. the Pentateuch, 
the Psalms, and the New Testament, and to put down eveiy word contained in 
them ; and, after their arrival in Shoa, to collect words from the Natives. 
The nature of the journey, however — being the first attempt of Europeans 
to enter Shoa by a road liitherto unknown — did not allow the Missionaries 
to carry a large library Avith them ; nor were the great variety of circum- 
stances and situations much suited for deep study, or for the quiet thought 
which such a work required. At sea, they had to encounter the unruly motions 
of wind and water; — on their journey by land, the heat of a scorching sun, 
various privations, constant bustles with uncivilised natives, and various 
other unpleasant circumstances. AH, therefore, that the author could do, 
was — after having, by the assistance of a well-informed Abyssinian who accom- 
panied them, secured the true signification of each word — to write it down 
in short notes in German, and to mark the Biblical passage where it occurs. 
The same plan was followed during the author's stay in Shoa, from June to 
November 1839. When he came b i,ck to England, in order to ask the 
consent of the Committee of the Church Missionary Society to his carrying 
through the press this and several other Amharic works, D. Coates, Esq., the 
Secretary, put into his hands an Amharic Vocabulary, composed by the 


author's late fellow-labourer in the Tigre Mission, the Rev. C. H. Blumhardt ; 
who had been removed, after the unfortunate breaking-up of that Mission, 
to the Society's Station at Krishnaghur, in North India. Mr. Blumhardt had 
begun that Vocabulary a. d. 1837, soon after his arrival at Adoa ; and, with 
the greatest assiduity, continued in its composition ; and finished it at Malta, 
from whence he sent it to London, in 1839, to the disposal of the Committee. 
To the perusal of that Vocabulary the author owes several words which lie 
himself had not collected : they are generally marked with the initials BI. 
In the same way, the author has marked those words vrhich he gathered 
from Ludolf s Lexicon, Lud. ; and the Arabic words on Golius' authority, Gol. 
On the author's arrival in London, he had the satisfaction to find that the 
whole of the Amharic Old Testament had been printed *, and was favoured 
with a copy of it by the British and Foreign Bible Society. This enabled 
him to collect the remaining words of those Biblical Books which he had 
not seen previously. The most necessary thing, the collection, being thus 
completed, he was obliged, in order to fit the work for the press, to translate 
the German into English, to give each word the various significations attached 
to it, and to show its uses in conversation, by quoting instances, either from 
the Scriptures or from common life. This was done, while the work went 
through the press : for the author — whose connexion with the Church Missio- 
nary Society's Mission in Shoa obliged him to shorten his stay in Europe 
as much as possible — had not time to finish the work, before the printing 
was begun. To this circumstance, some defects are ascribable, which would 
have been obviated, if proper time had been allowed for its completion, before 
it was put to press. The author especially refers to the want of illustrative 
instances in the Second Part, and to the arrangement, in the First, of verbal 
derivations : the latter of which would have been, in some instances, different, 
if he had been able to postpone the printing of the Dictionary, until the 
Grammar, in the composition of which he is now engaged, was finished : 
for the author has, in his present occupation with the Grammar, discovered 
some peculiarities in the verbs, of which he was not yet aware when the 

* In Januan' last, (he-whole Bible left the press. 


Dictionary was printing. While, therefore, he aimed at the perfection of 
Hiis work, the anthor was obliged to submit to the necessity of rendering it 
as perfect as circumstances would allow. 

Among the quotations from Scripture, there occur a few which are marked 
with asterisks : these refer to such passages in the First Edition of the New- 
Testament or the Psalms Mhich have been altered in the Second or Revised 
Edition, when the printing of the whole Bible was completed. The student is 
requested to bear this in mind, if he should be disappointed in looking for the 
quoted passages in the wrong edition. They are, however, of rare occurrence. 

The tj'pographical execution of this work does honour to Mr. Watts, in 
every respect. As also for the Amharic type, that had been previously cast by 
him, under the directions of T. P. Piatt, Esq., while the latter was super- 
intending the printing of the Amharic Bible. It is the best type which has ever 
been used in Ethiopic Literature ; and the Abyssinians, who saw it in the 
Pentateuch and the Psalms, were much pleased with it. 

The next object of this Dictionary is, to assist the Missionaries of the 
Gospel appointed for, and labouring in those countries in which the Amharic 
Language is spoken, in preparing themselves for their work, and in carrpng it 
on in Abyssinian Schools. It is, at the same time, intended to meet the 
demands of an increasing interest among the Christian Public, in the Civil 
and Religious welfare of the Abyssinian Nation. Lastly, it is hoped that 
this work may, in some measure, contribute to the advancement of the know- 
ledge of Semitic Languages in general ; and that it may become the means of 
facilitating the study of other African Languages; of which some elements, the 
author believes, have mixed with the Amharic ; and of others, into which the 
Amharic enters to a greater or lesser extent. 

The author begs to express his sincere thanks to the Committee of the 
Church Missionary Society, for tlie assistance rendered to him in the prepa- 
ration of this and several other works for the use of the East-Africa Mission. 
He would take this opportunity to sa;,, that the longer he is in connexion 
with this Society, the more he finds reason to thank God for having placed 

PREFACE. ' '^'" 

him in their service — the more he honours, the more he loves them. May the 
Spirit and the blessing of God, which has hitherto so abundantly been upon 
them, and so signally crowned their labom-s at home and abroad in all parts 
of the world, cont'nue with them, constantly increasing; enabling them to 
overcome all their difficulties ; and faithfully to discharge their duties, to the 
glory of God, and to the building up of His Church among the nations ! As 
for the present distressing state of their funds— which the author especially 
regrets, because he fears it may prevent them from giving their East-African 
Mission that succour which he could wish — ^lie trusts that He, whose is " both 
the silver and gold," and who has commanded us to pray " the Lord of the 
Harvest to send Labourers into His harvest," will inspire the members of the 
Society with an abundant measure of love and zeal, so as to come forward 
willingly with their substance, to assist the Committee to go on with renewed 
vigour in their course. 

In now taking leave cf this his humble offspring, the author commends it to 
the indulgence of the Reader: and to the protection and blessing of the 
Almighty, the promotion of whose glory is its final object. May He render it 
a means, to enable the Abyssinians, as well as their Teachers, to proclaim in 
their tongue the wonderful works of God; and a channel for convejdng the 
salutary influences of Evangelical Doctrine and of Christian Civilization, from 
enlightened Europe, over benighted Abyssinia ! 


London, Oct. 1841. 


The Alp'iabetlcal Table is here to be inserted, immediately facing the Dictionary. 





of Ihc 

1. Sli 

2. E:: 

3. cii 

4. u;: 

5. iE:; 

6. s;: 

8. ^;i 

9. E;; 

10. r.i 

12. imi 

13. in;- 
14. 101; 
13. isu 

10. i%U 

17. 1^:: 
13. Is;; 
19. iy:: 


21. ssn 

22. ^Bi; 

23. snis 

24. son 

25. !ES:; 

26. ss;" 

27. SS;j 

28. ES;1 

29. Se:; 

30. mil 

31. msn 

32. iQl:;; 

33. mnv- 

OUDHRof tlio VOWllLS. 

POWER of tlie VOWELS . , 

Ethiopic names of Vowkls 

NAMES of Letters 












VOWEll of Letters 




D u» S 

to u~ 





^ ^ forced with a 
JV f ' pecuiifti' anion 

„ ^ of the prtlate 
P 5 ) and throav. 

\. «;'. 

.S7itrr^. a, or a, a.v i?i cat 

"lOli i Gcez {original) 



uo: ma 

UJ: sa 

«^: ra 

1*1: sa 




P ^ iuddcn explosion 

of breath from between 


Is , resembling 
<' and ith* 


Is a 

!? Ts 


R: tsa 
<5.: fa 
T: pa 

«!»» : k'iia 
-*.; hh'ua 
Y>: kiia. 
>: guii. 

11. >s:i 

00, or u, f/.v in full, put 

Irifj-n: kilcb (altered, second) 















hu, or hoo 
lu, ..loo 












1 ' 













. a 










. hoo 
. uioo 
. SCO 
. roo 
. . sc^o 
.. slioo 
. . k'oo 

. . boo 
.. tco 
, . tshoo 
, . hoo 
. . noo 
. g:ioo 

, . oo 

. . k30 
. . C 100 

, . voo 

. . 00 

. . zoo 

. . JOO 

. . doo 
• goo 
, . too 
, . tili'oo 
, . p'oo 

ts'u . . tij'oo 




. . t'iOO 

. . foo 
. . poo 

111. ir;: 

'i «.» in pin, finger 

W|Afl: s'll'S (tliird) 
















































d! , 



tsh'i , 
P'S ■ 

X : ts 1 




, hee 
, mee 
. see 
. ree 
. see 
. shee 
. k'ee 

. bee 
. tee 
. tshec 
. lice 
. nee 
. gnee 
. ec 

. kec 
. chee 
. wee 
. ce 

. zee 
. jee 
. yee 
. dee 
. t'ee 
. tsh'ee 
. p'ee 

. ts'ee 

. tsee 
. fee 
. pee 

4^ : k'uee 

"J^ : hhuee 

Yl*- : kuee . 

"Xk : giiee 

IV. ui; 

Lon<j a an in father 

V. £1 

Bolicniiaii e, or ie, us 

VI. 3;ij 

VII. 5. ;{ 

6.-n0:rhhe (fourth) :iy"f| : hiWis (//C/i) 

H: tsa 
















h^ ! 
















































■ 7 


















tjt: he (Boh.) 

A.: le 

d^ : lie . . 

OTi : me . . 

u|. : se 

<i, : re 

rt. : se 

fL : slie . . 

<t : k'e . . 








*£: gnc 
?ib: e 

Vk: ke 

'Tl. : che 

*B : we 

ci,: e 

H. : ze 





m,: t'e 

CR.°: tsh'e 

A.: P'e 

K.: <s'e 

a : tse 

T: pe 

^ : k'ue 

^ : hhue 

It, : kue 

3.: gfie 

V<)\v(!llcs3 or short e, o t(sa% shnri), tis in 

us m .since, summer ; 

so, or lik'' wo 


iTflJ-fl : sadis (,v(i//i) j "^-nO : sabe' (seventh) 

U : he, or li 
A: le 
fh: he 
9": me 
ju*: se 
C.: re 
! 4» : k'e 












(D-: we 

|0: e 

inn : ze 



Jt : ts e 


, m 

, s 
. r 
. s 
. sh 
. k' 

, K 


. tsh 
. n 

. ch 
. w, u 


.d , 



.t' : 

1-1: ge 

T: t'e 

jcp.: tsh'e ..tsh' 

I Jt : p'e . . p' 



tse . 

. ts 


fe . 



pe . 








IT: ho 
A": lo 
fh: ho 
qo: mo 
^i: so 
C.: ro 
1^: so 
h: sho 
^>: k'o 

n : hn 

•fr : toe 

■T-: tsho 

-T: ho 

T: no 

?: guo 

?»: o 

lr>: ko 

T^ : cho . 

<p: wo 

iP : o 

H : zo 

p-: yo . 
^: do 

•): go 
fT»: to 

to. : tsh'o 
^: p'o 

or hwo 
. . luo 
. . hwo 
. . miio 
. . suo 
. . ruo 
. . suo 
. . sliuo 
. . k'uo 

.. buo 
.. tuo 
. . tshuo 
.. huo 
. . nuo 
. . gniio 
.. iiG 

. . kuo 
. . chuo 

.. uo 

.. zuo 

• ■ juo 

• . yuo 

.. duo 

.. juo 


. . t'uo 

jl : ts'o . . ts'uo 



. . tsuo 



.. fuo 



.. piio 

|>: gue 



Note. Tlie dash (— ) generally stands instead of a wcrd ; (1) after Prefixes ; as, U— : Vl — : 
and others. (2) before Suffixes; as —«: —(!>:: (3) by itself, ^vith the colon only, when 
instances are brought forvsard to illustrate the word in question; e.g. U-H-z all, every 
flQy.; — : "every man," '-all men," instead of (l(Ef- If-A-" 


Elh Ethiopic. S Ar Arabic. 

Amh Amharic. | Eur. .... European. 

Tigr. or T. . . Tigre language. I non occ. . . non occurrit, " does not occur." 

Shoa Shoa dialect. { 

The Parts of Speech, and several Grammatical expressions, are abbreviated, as in other Dictionaries. 

U : HA, is the first letter of the Abyssinian Al- 
phabet. Its name, as mentioned by Ludolph, 
is ITX- »oi, (for*|'E: ^c. iLKA: the h letter, 
or letter in use for expressing the sound K) ; 
but the Abyssinians of the present day, who 
seem to have lost the names of their letters, 
call it UA-^SMJ: luiirrAtinA, or tlie nX in 
UAx:J'C0': in order to distinguish it from 
iti:, which they call d>9"<.flh: hameruh; 
or the HA in •jn^J.j^:, and from the 1: 
which they call -11 H":}!"!: bezuhana ha, or 
the h in •OH-ilS'i " I* is pronounced with 
some aspiration, like our h in house; and corre- 
sponds with the spiritua aspcr (') in the Greek, 
the n in the Hebrew, and the i in the Arabic 
lanoaiage. This distmction, however, refers 
only to the original Ethiopic, and the modern 
Tigre ; for as the organs of speech of the 

modern Amhara people do not favour many 
guttural sounds, they generally pronoimce 
U : A : and 'J: alike, with a gentle breath- 
ing, as the English h in house, distinguishing 
them only from 'Yl: which is pronounced 
with a stronger aspiration, as the German 
ch in noch nkht. On this account, these gut- 
turals- are often confounded in writing : and 
as the orthography of the Amharic language 
in general is, as yet, far from being settled, 
the student is requested to look for any word, 
which he may not find under this letter, to 
ih:"!:. oreveu"Yl: and to ?\:: 

U — : HA, prep., is often, in common life, in- 
accurately used, instead of ®J^: to, unto, 
towards. It seems to origin<ite from Yj : 
with which it is sometimes confounded. 

— 13: 1. Suffix 2 pers. sing. m. (a) to nouns: 


— Ih-.-.U-A^^I: 

( 2 ) 

»ZA.A'^: ...U-Ci^: 

thy m., e.g. rL'"ftJ: "if>y house." (h) to verbs : 
e. g. OB^'U : " he has beaten f/iee." "XT H. 'fv 
■fldt.C : ^XTW : " may God comfort thee /" 
ngUr: Jpi^J^C^: "may He (i.e. God) 
make Mee pass tlie uight well!" i.e. "good 
night!" (c) to prepositions ; e.g. tra^l'IliJ: 
^"'"l^y: "he (it) has come upon f/jee," 
" to thee." 

2. Afformative of vei*bs in the same person. 
(q) pret ; e.g. •f^^avy^}; "thou lias<' sat 
down." (6) pres. apd fut. •i'T^J-AtJ : "thou 
remainesi." (c) constr. 1; e.g. flATil: "thy 
eating," i.e. " thou IxulsI eaten." 

3. It is infixed in verbs assmiiiug tlie 4th 
form, *J: e.g. ^(\'^H6^- " he will send thee." 

Note : tl : is exchanged, («) for \} : when ^ : 
or &-: follow; e.g. fimifl- rtmUdV: 
"thou hast given me," "thou gavcsi him,'''' 
(b) for H: when long a follows; e.g. l^il\H^: 
"thou gayest her;" oaT,'-!- i|<j^: "thy com- 
ing," i.e. "thou earnest." 

— U- : Jfformatlve 1 pers. sing. pret. in verbs ; 
e.g. Cnn^li':: "I have observed;" fi-om 
(TirS'l'-: "be has observed." 

It changes the 3 pers. sing, masc., when 
added as a suffix to it, from Gp: to ^: e.g. 
inn ^11"^: "I w-atclied him" When the 
suffix has a long a, U': is changed into "X 
e.g. mn«>:S.^: — li-fU-: — 'X'T^ 
" I observed her" " you," " thein ; " or into*^ 
e.g. Y^V^'l". "I saw her." 

im-ij : HAHUHEE, the three initial lettei*s of 
the Abyssinian alphabet, used exactly as our 
ABC, signifying AJphahet. 

IhA: totality, non oce., except with suffixes, 
Xhtc: lhA<P: U-A^l: U-A^-U-: U-A 

II- A*: a'^> wery, each, any, the whole. rtfB-: 
U-A-: "all men," and "every man." pcnj_^ 
mj^: i|»/v: "«'e^''y one that learns." mC[: 
H'tc- "in all countries," or "in tlie whole 
U-A*?: the whole of her; e.g. 9",^C= U'^ 

<p : " the whole earth." 
U'fi^'i: all of us; U-A^-l>: all of you; 

IhA^O**: all of them. 

^th. Tn-A:: Tigi-.VlA: Heb.Si) At. jl. 
Engl, and German, a//. Gr. oXof. 
*JA.A'j?: hallelujah, Rev.xix. 1. 
U-A-l-:: Eth. and Tigr. ^A?i.f=:: <wo. — •■ 

tH,: and U-AT: "IH, : tuice. — : 00^: 

LhA't?': Eth. and Tigr. Vi^j^Tj^: the second,the 

following, the double, fem. U-ATT &'!'" 
U-AflH.: instead of U-A't" : I.U,: twice. . 
li'A'i^r: s. the whole, totality. lhA1-Y*rP: 

"my whole constitution, or substance." Prt 
ay": — : " the whole man," Gen. xiii. 10. 
tJA*S: Eth. essence, sid)stance, existence. Rad. 
UAO): Eth. Amh. Yxfi'- " to be," "to exist," 
" to be at hand ; " " adesse." 

U-AJ^: Isa. ii. 20. Heb.ljph Ar. jii- mole. 

Arab. plur. oili^i ?iUA^:: 

ll-AIH.: always, at all times, Gen. vi. 5 : com- 
posed of Ihifr: all, and "J^J-L: f'lnie. 

VP'iil^ - hemhem, s. a yellow pigeon. 

»jiyDi|gii : s. a vessel for liquids, consisting in 
the shell of a gourd-like fruit which has been 
emptied of its contents. It has a wide body 
and a narrow neck, like a bottle. 

49" A.: HA.MLE, name of the eleventh month of 
the Abyssinian year, lasting from the middle 
of our Jidy to the middle of August. In Tigre, 
*i9"A: signifies also the same as •Jtro'}: 
which sea 

jjags^: Ar. .U> bath. 

U^P^^• and ?iqn^: s. the bile, gall. 

|)Q)nfT{: s. occurs Lev. xi. 30. among the un- 
clean animals. As those Abyssinians of 
whom I inquired, did not know it, I suspect 
it to be taken from the Hebrew, an alteration 
of JOI^n, which probably signifies a sort of 

UyMfTjfTj: in the Slioa dialect for Brari)nrj: 
which signifies acid, sour, acidity, vinegar. 

UC- s. silL Ar.yJ^, 

l|-£^ : s. a certain plant mentioned Hos. iv. 13. 
I U^Ctl: a. pi. Ar. J.ji pi. ^^]^] 

Hd.'i'XiL-- ■U'ti:!t"J°- 

( 3 ) 


" food for lying-in women." See Isa. iii. 20. 

where the translator has used only Arabic words. 

^d.'i'X^' ^ 9'^een, and sometimes confounded 

with rtonj^*^: "light blue," "azure." 
Ud,H '• s- wwf, made of straw) but more gene- 
rally of reeds. 

UlT[Orq: s. hassXma, a certain carnivorous and 
short-legged animal, resembling a pig in the 
formation of its head and the nature of its 
skin. It is said to live chiefly on dead bodies, 
which it digs out from burial-grounds. 

Urt"^ : Tigr. insect in general. Eth. <hrt5l " 

IT'^OF: Heb. ^]y''tp1n hosanna! 

Wtl^'^ii.: s. hospital Eur. 

UhQ,:Deut.xiv.l8.iO(J.: tl«la.:: Ar.cJlli- 

and i^^Ui Hat. Amh. PA.-"!* : ^^:: 
M^'fl : stands Isa. Ixv. 23. for prof/eny. 
.UnH: nom. pr. hab.Xsiia, Abyssinia, Ar. jilsi. 
It is often pronounced and written ?\ fl H : : 
The common name by which the Abyssi- 
nians themselves, as well as their neigh- 
bours, call their country. Tlie ancient name, 
?i.'l'P'R.y: Ethiopia, is only occasionally 
used among the learned. For the significa- 
tion of both names, and their orthography 
with European letters, see Ludolf s Comment 
in Hist. Ethiop. 
U'Tiri : Ar. , iJ^ collection. Hosea iii. 1. 

Pa).&T: U-nh : L_^i ^^^ cluster of 
U'll't' : Eth. gift, present. Tigr. U'fl 1^ :: from 

CDU n : Ar. (_-^ " to give." In Amharic, it 
is used chiefly in composing proper Christian 
names of persons; as, UTIT : A^Al^: 
"Habta Selasse," U-nT: o^c^fJU^, &x;. 
Besides this, it is used sometimes, but very 
rarely, in religious conversation ; e. g. PYi"l 
H.?i-fl*I^C : """I- : ^(D': "it is a gift of 
H'fVX'I^- adj. liberal, used with reference to 
the soil of a country, &c. ; fertile, productive. 
The termination am generally indicates /«^- 
ness, like the Latin osm, a, urn, and the 

English ous, &c. ; whereas in Hebrew it forms 
adverbs with nearly the same signification. 
So U•fS:^gn: properly "full of gifts;" OOA 
Viyo: "formosus,'' "beauteous;" If^VI^' 
"ventrosus," i.e "who seems to be all belly," 
eating so much ; onDf^Hyn : "venomous," &c. 

\T\: v.n. Eth. t^i" Tigr. Tfii." Ar. JS. To 
become, to be made, to happen, to be. Inf. ou 
in: which is often used substantively, the 
being, existence, slate and condition of a person 
or thing, &c. ^U-l: "may it be.'" "Let 
there be,"" Gen.i. 3. U-tf: liCft-- ITi- "all 
was made by Him," John i. 3. ^tI«?D: i1 
C: Vllfl: n;J,A: "after this event had hap- 
pened (come to pass),"Gen. xlviii. 1. J\oq^: 
■^IFifAtl: instead of •1-U''?A?'Atl : 
" thou tdlt become son-in-lav/ to me," 1 Sam. 
xviii. 21. tm-M^iKf^"^: IhT: "6e(or 
become, imperative) son-in-law to the king." 
■J^U"}: m^: "that f am to become,"' v. 22, 
23. T\^U"i£v^<}^: " it will not be proper 
for me." HC^: JKIl-'i^: instead of ^U- 
'JA^: "let him be my slave," Gen. xliv. 17. 
<DC^: in-. -TtCtl: ITi: "be it gold," or 
" be it silver," i.e. " either gold or silver," v. 8. 
n.infj: if it happened, or should happen: 
Num.u. 29. PU"!-?; ^\i£\: just as it is, 
occurs, or tdU occur; in English, awhile, for 
Xpovov Ttva, iCor.xvi. 7. PITY. U-f: lite- 
rally, " bei7ig vho he is,"" i.e. whoever he may 
be. Gal. v. 10. >»^.^: Wk : as it happened. 
'fy'iS.- Wi : and Xlgin : "if it (he &c.) 
is,"" and merely " ?^." Tliis expression is often 
amplified by tlie addition of Plfi: (literally, 
which is); thus: PlFi: ^1^1/1: if it (he 
Sec.) is. li-r: >k1S: IJ-^: 'whether it had 
(or has) happened. constr. 2. Lh^ A!i-: 
&c.; e.(7. ^mLrvT?: U-^Alhr: P>»"IH?i 
-nrh-O: fSn^: '^d.R'«?a: HIJ^: h.X.W 
'i£i^'P^:: "ichereas I am a sinner, T cannot 
fulfil the law of God;" (literally, /'that I 
should fulfil the law of God, will not be to me," 
i.e. " is not in my power.") 

Ul^: and m.^VL: nom. pr. India. Ar. ^ia 

uYi.7r': ...tmn: 

( 4 ) 

UHH: . . . ITJ^: 

Heb. >lin. tn^Yl,: is also used for Kai-- 
SuKij, the name of tlie Queen of the Etliio- 
pians (MERoii, or shendis ?), Acts viii. 27. 
UYl,7" : Ar. f,jfJ- physician, instead of the 

Amh. HA: uo^JY/f"- 

UYl.'t': s. ladness, sluggishness, idleness, sloth- 
fulness. Eth. from UYlP:: to be idle. 

lI'Yl^: s. agitation, excitement, commotion, dis- 
turbance ; trop. tumult, sedition., insurrection, 
revolt. Der. from U(D'Vl : ^th. to agitate, &x. 

li^VfV' adj. lazy, idle, sluggish, slothful; s. 
a lounger, idler, loiterer. 

UYlYl: Vid. J^YlYl:: 

UVi^: Eth. and Tigr. id. s. the itch, itching. 

Ar. Ki-. 

IflljZ.: Eth. lazy, an idler. Amh. UYLT?': 
and ^Tri^:: 

'iCD'A^: s. (1) obelisk: (The Abyssinians be- 
lieve that the three sons of Noah divided 
themselves into the three ancient quarters 
of the world ; and that each of them erected 
an obelisk in his respective country; namely, 
Shem in Asia, Japhet in Europe, and Cham 
in Africa ; that of the latter to be found at 
Axum. Concerning the obelisk at Axum, 
which is described best by Riippell, the 
common people say that Satan made it, 
as it could not have been the work of man.) 
(2) In books, the intermediate space between 
two columns on a page, which runs down 
from the top to the bottom. 

U*Pil: n- pr- haw ask, name of a river on the 
southern and the eastern frontiers of Shoa : 
derived probably from Ufflrt: or thCDtl- in 
Eth. to move; thei-efore, the mover, runner. 

Vdp'fl^- the uncontracted form of U-Yl"!-: 
q. V. Prov. XV. 6. 

UHCTO'lf: Amos ix. 6. Ar. ii*^ a bundle of 
wood; any collection of things bound up toge- 
ther into one mass. Heb. iT^?^^- 

tlH'fl : s. the small chain or thong on the bridle 
of horses, mules, or asses, by which they are 

tlHH: Lev. xxi. 20. Ar. ■ij]j=~ scurf. VHH: 
^An'"r: sj]}s~ ij j^" infected with scurf," 
"scurfy." Heb. r\ph'^ herpes, creeping scurvy. 

tijp: twenty. Tig. and Eth. (ji^6.:: — : K'i 
J^: twenty-one. — : IhA'Tf: the twenty- 

UT^: (1) n. pr. of the first Abyss, letter : noi'. 
(2) interj. O ! the some as the Greek voca- 
tive case. T.^': If^i " O Lord ! " 

UJ£°^r'"r: and M^tr^iT't": s. faith, creed, 
religious persuasion, religion, fl — : PKV- 
"strong," "established," "firm in faith.'''' 
— fJ: P'hKA"^: and T^JEUA: LfjKOigr-^: 
weak in faith, of liltle faith. — : TvSlQi'- the 
faith or creed cf the Fathers ; which is the 
title of an Abyss, book, standard of their 
divinity, consisting in an extract from the 
writings of Clem. Alex., Tlieophilus of An- 
tioch, John of Antioch, Dionys. of Antiocli, 
CvtHIus of Alex., Cluysostora, and others. 
TJie word is taken from the Syriac. 

V^V: adj. the twentieth. 

Uy^rn't'fl: Rev. xxi. 21. vaKivBos, hyacinth 
(a gem). 

IT^: belly, abdomen. P — : 'i>^(^fri't': colic, 
gripes. P — -. a^fi'palif■. diarrhaa. Eth. 
TriTlJ^: signifying viscus in general, appli- 
cable to the heart as well as to the stomach 
and bowels. Tigr. Yl-flS '■ andTl-fl^: '•'/• 
tfJEJ":: Tlie 2 radic. in the original Eth., 
which is a soft b, as the modern Greek /3, has 
been exchanged for w ; which, throwing oft' its 
character as a consonant altogether, became 
an 0, and as such was joined to the /(, into 
which the k has been changed by aspiration. 
Cf. Jl*^ and ^5^ which both signify the liver, 
as the largest of the viscera. And as to 
the etymology of IT^: cf. avfQ; for 
foinC" 4° 4= f''*'™ the Eth. \U^: and 
others. It is used also tropically, denoting 
the innermost part of man or of .things; 
e.g. YIQ: RITK: ?*A: (lit. word [or a 
thing, something] is in my belly), i.e. I am 

ITR'P*-- ... A: 

( 5 ) 


possessed with a secret. nT^J^C = ^K"- 

" ivilhin the earth, in the interior of the earth." 
Matt. xiii. 40. Tlie same with the Ar. ^Joi. 

U^sjo: adj. (If^: belly, and -5-90 : signifying 
fulness, lit. full of belly, ventrosus), voracious, 
gluttonous, a glutton, one that can eat a large 

tIKC* "'■■"•^i^' *^^^ 3d Abyssinian month, com- 
mencing in the middle of our November, and 
lasting to the middle of December. 

yj^°| : iiKDAG, in a book, the margin at the bot- 
tom of a page. 

V^£V' Arab. (Jsr*' Jerem. xvii. 1 1. Amh. "J"^ : 
(^.\. jmrtridge. Heb. ^5^3. 

in£^: but more generally ?i.l£^: Amh. Eth. pi. 
J'ltJ'l-C: Amh. ?ilC^: but seldom used. 
Deut. xix. 5. town, village, country, like the 

Ar. ijjj. 

tj'f.^: Ar. «-»=^ a violent uind, Jer. xxiii. 9. 

trft: Eur. hup. 

\i&,t\- and ?vd.rt: v. a. to scrape, to rake toge- 
ther. Tigr. lJ«I.rt.:: 

U^^fl: s. one that scrapes, rakes together. 

U-«{.ri: Ar. ^'ii. ^I'KV^Ji:: bat. 


A: LA, the second letter of the Abyss, alphabet. 
It is called lawi, AIJ: (sc. (LRA:) the I 
letter, or letter in use to express the / sound. 
As to its poicer, it is, of course, a liquid or 
fluid letter, easily pronounced, and liable to 
change. In the Amharic it is often exchanged 
for its cognate P: (l)In verbal substantives 
ending in a — i: as uj^; " painter," instead 
of uf A.: ; ^^i " mighty," " able," instead of 
iFA.:; n^: for HA.: "sayer;" "TDi^.E: for 
9Ui^/Y_: "resemblance," "kind," sort;" •t'*!> 
njj: "receivir," for T«I"1A.:; TYl^'^: 
"follower," for tYlJ-A.: &c. (2) In verbs; 
(a) in 2 pers. fem. forms, where 3 radic. being 
A: is to assume tlie fem. /; e.g. ■"l"'i'n^Ari : 
for •T'lTIA.^iAfi: "thou (fem.) receivest," 
" wilt receive." T^^: and Top.: "be filled. 

fill," imper, 2 pers. sing. fem. for 7"A.:: 
(h) in 1 pers. sing, of the constructive mood; e.g. 
TtnB: -flK: T^^All": 9«JPAU': for 
T'P'nA-.'nA.iTlnA.KAU-: •?"A.?iiAU-:: 

As in tlie other Semitic languages. A: is 
used as a particle, and prefixed to nouns, pro- 
nouns, verbs, and adverbs. Its form, in such 
cases, is determined by the initial of the word 
to which it is prefixed. When prefixed to 
nouns, pronouns, and adverbs, it is A : if the 
word begins with a consonant; but if it 
begins with an a, a, or e, the A:, assuming 
that vowel, effects the elision of the letter 
wliich was consonant to it ; e.g.ti tlQ^ : where 
it remains as it is. In A 1 "• instead of A"?» \ • 
it has taken up the e without lieing affected 
by it. But when prefixed to Y\.f\ ^ : it be- 
comes A: for A?*:; the A: is lengthened, the 
consonant i\: ejected, and we haveAI'l":: 
So, also, A^'t': instead of A?\1T:, &e. 
When prefixed to verbs, it is thought vowel- 
less in itself (A — ) ; so that, when meeting 
with "i^: 1: and '^: it is an ^ — :; when 
meeting with 'f\- it throws the tx: av^ay, and 
becomes A : ; when preceding JE — : it casts 
the Ji — : out, and becomes A. — : ; when , 
joining the ^: it becomes A.:, and the J?: 
remains. Infinitives are treated by it in the 
same way as substantives. Before the first 
pronoun singular and plural, it is usually 
A — : sometimes A — :: Instances: AJ^ 
C"l: for Ah^CT " A^'S'CT ■ <^^CT : 
A.KO: and A^P^O- Ab«J^£^1:: 
As to its SIGNIFICATION, it is a p-pposUion when 
prefixed to nouns, and a conjunction before 
the verb. (1) As a preposition, it signifies the 
same as in the Hebrew and Arabic ; namely, 
an universal dative, to, unto, belonging to, for, 
in favour of to the benefit of, instead of &c. .. 
e.g- ACI>: JlffiG^: "give it to him." aW 
A^ •• which signifies both, " send to me," and 
" send/or me" (to somebody else). At: i(D^: 
"it belongs to me." Jl^.U-A^: "I have 
written to him," or "for {instead of, in favour 
«/)him." ^Uil: (D'rt^A'l': "take this 

AUJS;-: •. A.A: 

( fi ) 



Jo her." ?»AU'lA*59": "it would not be 
for me," i.e. " I did not succeed in it." 
AH«^: ^niPA: "it is sufficient /or to- 
day." A0)-"I'<,: ?»^in«?": "it will not do 
for always." tJf^^^l- "in order to do." 
(2) £i. — : as a conjimclion, is prefixed to 
verbs in the present tense, and signiBcs an 
intention, or object, or ohlujation ; that, in order 
thai; to, in order to, &c.; e.g. 'i'iC^lV: A.BR.(D 
'I': ODfTj:: "he came in order to talk." ^oq 
C: >kCDSAU-: "Hike to learn." t^.C'Jin: 
Vld.'!*: A3'.g: "open thy eyes, that thou 
may est {in order to) see." "M.: Aj^C'?®'- 
"I will do it." Al?^"!'!: " ahall I come ? " 
"hi.: £t»^- Y^I: TiAl^?": ATrh^K,: 
f'T'lf'" "I "^'«^ (""J 'o) write, and you must 
(are to) go." ts.l^'i : and l\Ui^'i^Q: what 
for? wherefore ? why ? for what reason, object, 
or purpose ? 
A11.K"- s. tenderness, softness, delicacy, adj. ten- 
der, soft, delicate, effeminate. Eth. £^^^:i 

/\t|g_: Ar. ( s'.s^ bed-cover, chiefly counterpane. 

ffA: s. pearl. Ar. Jp 

AA: V. n. io be slack; loose, lax. v. a. to leave off, 
to yield, give way. Tigr. ADAH.", to neglect, 
relax. Isa. xxx. 28: 2\a^!^m : At«l'5'4. 
^ : "^flVl^AA : .£"41^ "- " "Qtil thou ceasest 
to destroy the nations." PA A: ^C^ gentle, 
■ »u7c7, sweet, good words : 1 Kings xii. 7. 

?iAA: act. and trs. to give way, relax, and to 
slacken, to untie, to loosen. 

{\,l\,: V. neg. impers. is not; and with sufT. has 
not. dm-- PAAn^ : n.'!': "a house icith- 
out people." 2\"?»«7«C: PA-Ad)-: iKD-: 
"a man that has (to whom /Aere w) no rea- 
son," "an unreasonable, thoughtless man." 
Gen. xliv. 13, 16: "hTiyX- "AT^AA : 
"that f/iere is none like me." ^iQ-t-f = ''tt\T 
^: PA^d)-: ?iil^C= "a child to whom 
there is no father or mother," i.e. "an orphan: 
Yl — : A. A: "besides:^ "^ig T: >»3': ^m 
(D-: Via>C*f : Tfl^C: A=A:: "hegavehim 
many things fcesWes the gold and the silver." 

A. A: adj. other, different; e.g. TtCfi"- ?».P^A 

•?": AA: \(Sn: "it is not he, it is another."' 

>»"IH?'vn(h.C: AAffl'T: HC: ?»KO 

A^ : " God has given me another seed," Gen. 
iv. 25. Eth. and Tigr. VjA>»:: 
A"A: pl- Eth. A°AA'"r:: servant-mnn, male 
servant. The female servant is called 'It^^K" '• '■ 
A A.""l*: Eth. Tigr. and Amh. s. night. Hd,,: — : 
"to-night." P — : P^: "night-bird," esp. 
"bat." Wn--A,-X' —■ and aW^^'P:—'. 
"midnight," " half the night." cf. JjJ and iiji 
Heb. 7^'?. It is often used to express the 
time of day-break and just before, but never 
late in the evening. 
A'^'i: V. n. to be green, verdant, fresh, to grow 
verdant, to flourish, trop. to prosper. Gen. xlix. 
15: •F'^4,: PAOtl^-: {'"1": "the land is 
verdant, flourishing." Zech. vii. 7 : i^vP*^"^ 
Ay": If: A'F':!': '^ivf-. "when Jerusa- 
lem was yet (i^errfa?!<) in a state of prosperity" 
/\^o- and with the fcm. termination At^^f: 
s. coif. Eth. AUy:: Tigr. Alf«l:: cf. 
the Ar. ^ "flesh," and the Heb. ovh "bread." 
A9": adj. tepid, lukewarm: trop. (/uie/,Zech.i. 11. 
Ay: ad}- having weak eyes, dim-sighted. Gen. 

xxix. 17. (Eth. ^iWPizfcelAe.) 
/V^: and A'O^.'?: s. lemon. llYid.. — : 

a large lemon, a citron. 
AOOAOO: i.g. A"^: to be or become green, 
fresh, flourishing, verdant, prosperous, to be in 
a good slate. PA'^^A'^^ : green, fresh, pro- 
sperous. PA^^'A''**: H^: a green tree. 
P — : rtCD': "a poiverful (stout, healthy, 
jjrospering) man." p — IfiTi'^i. ' "fresh, 
newly-baked bread," " not dry," (which is 
K€.^:'r%'i$:6.:.) Tigr. A«?OAa»l:: Eth. 

^iA'^^'A^'^: "to bring on verdure," "to make 
green," " render prosperous." Ps. xx. 3 : 
f^CmtJI: JPA9aA70Ay: "may He 
cause thy oOTering to flourish," (by being 
accepted with pleasure). Ezek. xvii. 24 : 

P.^^I'OM: '7x'iim'V: ^.AWOA"?^l^: 

" / have made the dry wood verdant." 
A9^A7** : green, fresh, verdant, virescenf. 

A9"A9": . . KflAfnJK: 

( ' ) 

Af^R"- • -A.*: 

prosperous, flourhhing, i.q. PA""A«™" 
£i!V*6i!'P* '• s- verdure, freshness, greenness, and 
concr. greens, vegetables, adj. green, fresh, &c. 
^•yn/^oij: s. greenness, verdure, sappiness, flou- 
rishing state, prosperity, success. Deut. i. 25 : 
" they took of its fruit, in order to show us 
^5U/\aq,Q)^'J : its greenness, or soppiness." 
Prov.xiv, 23: nfl«^: U-A-: AT^An^: .^1 
jfA: "in every manner of -work, prosperity 
is to be found." 
/^tnj-'f : LEM.lT, s. a sort of table made of twisted 
reeds.. In Slioa, a sort of large bread-baskets 
twisted of grass. 
fiOti\: V. a. to beg, ask for, to pray, entreat, be- 
seech, request, desire. With accus. of the en- 
treated person and the desired object; e.g. 
JZlUiT: oaR-rfj^: >kA9nWAlf-:: "lask 
this book of you." The person for whom is 
prayed, is constructed with A — : e.g. A9^ 
"JA"?: "ask" or "pray for me." 
'I-/\iJO^: pass, and med. to be asked, entreated, 
and to answer prayer, to grant the desired 
?»flA""l: causat. "to cause another to 
pray or to beg," &c. 
/\tnj*5: (lamagn, French pronunciation of jm) s. 

beggar, one who asks, frays, begs, &c. 
^ODf : s. beggary, request, entreaty, prayer, 

A7n^•.: flA9"l" A7»1,^C" ^%^ «'^«^ 
for ? for what reason or purpose ? 

A9"^ : s. the hairy, untanned skin of animals ; 

AODj^: (Ar. jJj Heb. ^^7) to accustom, 
Jiabituafe oneself to, to become familiar with, 
get used to, to learn, to study. ^fl^'SCD'T: 
S^^: A'*^,K'W^- " ^ you accustomed 
yourself to the Abyssinian language ? " 

TAODje: id. 

J^flA*'^]^: caus. and trs., to accustom, habi- 
tuate another to something, make acquainted 
with, familiar, used to. >,r't: ^UST: Y\ 
tltiO^S/i-^: "my mother has acquainted 
me with this habit." 

giOt)^: s. habit, use, custom, fashion, manner. 
^oi;|»-T: "fO):: "to break, off a habit." 
il^: A^J^I: Tt^Jj^: "he has learned 
an evil habit." poooij^'}: A^iJ^: ?»fl 

TiDOP- "I'C has caused him to leave off his 
Aai.f< of swearing." ^Xl: Ao^J^: ^k•■^ 
YlTA': 5n^.: iOM": "do not follow the 
manners of the country, for they are evil." 
■5^^K: h.'iO «fttrQ^: "according to the 
fashion of the country." 

A^^fD: V. a. (of knives, razors, &c.) to set, 
sharpen, on leather. For sharpening on a 
stone, the term T\ti,(SL' is used. 
^i/\troni: to smack, make a clashing noise 
with the tongue in eating (thought indis- 
pensable in Abyssinia). 

/VOEJR: V. n. to be or to become leprous. 

A9" Jt: s. leprosy ; adj. leprous. Ex. iv. 6. Lev. 
xiii. 14. 

tiJfo^ffu : adj. leprous ; s. a leper. 

Art: v. a. to lick, lap. Eth. Afhrt:: Tigr. Ach 
ll:: Ar. ^^^ inf. ao/^fj: <Ae licking ; and 
its organ, //le tongue. 

AfSA"^: adj. soft, of leather and similar sub- 

AflJ": '^th: fresh unmelled butter : Hosea x. 7. 
From the Eth. Afll: "to be tasteless," 
"insipid," "harmless," "not injurious." 

Artl: V. a. to besmear, bedaub. fl.'l'T: flf d. : 
ArtiQ)': "he ivhitewashed his house." 
"TAlIll: pass. Act xxiii. 3. 
TAlll: id. Dan. v. 5. 

A "Til: Eth. tongue, speech, language, cf. I^J 
and Jlcb language, Ex. vi. 20. Act. ii. 3. It is 
not frequently used in the Amharic ; as for 
tongue they use tro/^fj: and for language, 

A«S»: Eth. AU^: v. a. to be greater, larger, to 
excel. Gen. xlix. 3 : poi^ A^ : " tvho has the 
ascendency (tlie precedence)." It is from this 
verb the adv. JEA'!*: more, greater, is derived. 

A.*?: Eth. chief ruler, but more especially 
member of the Sujyreme Council in Abyssinia, 
supreme counsellor, minister (of state). PI. 

ATAI*: . • • Ail""!: 

( 8 ) 

£t^aii: . . , gi-fl: 

Eth. A.S'T: and'a^^-■f :: tk.^\'. '^M 

f^: "the chief priests." A.*?: i^i^fl: 

"c/uV/" metropolitan" i.e. " Patriai-ch." poo'} 
If-"^: A.3'a>'T'"t': "the supreme counsel- 
lors of the kingdom." 
A'PA'I': V. a. to besmear, bedaub, to overlay, to 
icasft out, to rinse. Gen. vi. 14 : nHfJ.'!*: A 
^A'Pfl)*: "besmear it with pitch." Ex. xxv. 
24: na)C^: -n^P: A'^Ag'■1': "with gold 
only overlay it:" xxxvii. 2: OR-^,: QIC'S' 
9": A'i*A'I*(D'" "he overlaid it with pure 
gold." ^fl'^'l: .A^A^: "rinse the caul- 

'TA'J'A'I*: behesmeared, &c. Isa.ii.15: 
PTA'I'A'I': '^TC: "the bedaubed v;a\\:' 
'TA^'A*!': med. to wash oneself, Lev. xv. 5. 
^vflA'I'A^: caus. to cause another to be- 
smear, bedaub, &c. 
A'1*^A4*": V. a. and n. to yield (of a bow when 
unbent), to give way, to stretch itself, to be 
unbent, to be loosed. 

?iA4*™A4*»: act. to unbend, (a bow), to (jive 

way, to distend itself. 

/^«|>^/^f{»-.^: s. Tigr. a ceTtnin yramineous plant . 

/\«|»tra: V. a. to collect, gather, pick up, pick out 

* and briny together : of cattle, &c. to graze, to 

feed. Gen. xli. 18 : ntD-;}: KC: ^A^o»': 

%nC= "they were gathering (sc. into their 

stomach, i.e. grazing) by the water-side." 

This term is used also for the cleansing of 

grain, as corn, wheat, &c., and other fruit. 

-j-^ j|»OTJ : pass, to be collected, gathered, picked 

up, picked out. 
YifXtk'V^^'- caus. to have collected, to cause to 
gather, &c. Ex. xxii. 5: 'SVdlP'i'F*- HJ* 
fiai}^,: "if he causes his cattle to pas- 
ture," PA-AO^I: -nH-n: At'^fiA'P 
•7D: "in order to (so as to) graze (on) 
another man s property." 
/^ jai]|^: s. the gatherer, collector. Jercm. \i. 9 : 

' A3"^: "turn thy hand to the basket, as a 
f\^atl: a)C^= "(;,a//iererof the fruit of the 
Warka," (which is similar to the sycamore) : 
Amos vii. 14. 

A3""t: s. that which is gathered or collected, 

the collection. 
A'I'f': mourning, lamentation, weeping, be- 
J^A'I'rt: to mourn, to lament, bewail, bemoan, 

weep over: Gen. xxi. 16. xxiii. 2. &c. 
JsflA'I'l'l: caus. to produce mourning, cause 
lamentations, excite to mourning, &c. Luke 
vii. 32: J^flA'TflTfA^'-lh: "we have ex- 
cited (by way of playing) to weeping for you, 
(i.e. we played in order that you should 
weep), 2\AA1"1^-1>"?"7" : and (but) 
you did not weep." Eccles. iii. 4. 
^•Iji^yti; glutton, and one that is fond of dain- 
ties (such as they are in Abyssinia), lover of 
sweetmeats. One of the many titles by which 
gluttons are distinguished in Abyssinia. See 
ir^l^:: l*IAQ.:: l*nA:: lTi;}n: tll-B 
"I-n:: f'AfS^PA:: llA:: I*ie.'"l<J." ><5. 
ft:: ft"!"^;!:: 
A •I"!': V. intrs. and trs. to go away, to proceed, 
to dismiss, to send away. Gen. xi. 2 : Yl"7nA*^ 
^,^tfO: nti'p'ii: 'J^U.: "and when they 
emigrated from the east." ch. xxxii. 25 : A*J> 
«|>^ : " let me go."" Ex. iii. 19 : " but I know 
the king of Egypt," ^k^j^^AS'^^U-: -"Vth. 
P : Hi.EI': "that he will not dismiss you, so 
as to allow you to go." cf. pph " to strike," 
" to lick," and Ar. d "to strike." 
't'A'l'^: pass, and rcfl. 1 Tim. v. U : tiQ.'V 
Qy'l': ^Al'^A-f: "for they abandon 
themselves to sensuality." Isa. Ixi. : AlMU 
^.■^ijm: nu'OA'l'^: "and (sc. to preach) 
to the prisoners deliverance,''^ or concerning 
(their) being delivered. Jer. xxxi. 22 : AT 
^: PTA'l»'I*n: AM'"- "thouwanfon (or 
dissolute) girl." 
J\A'l"J' : to yawn. 
Ai'm : i-rj- A"1K = to joke. 

AA'ffn: to jest, joke, to scorn, mock cd, 
Nehem. iv. 5. 
Afl: i.5-A9^: tepid, lukewarm. Rev. iii. 16. 
A1 : s. quill of birds. Tigr. VlTt'^ :: 
A'll:,mind,sense,courage,ikc JPIJ^': 

A'n: ■ Anil: 

( 9 ) 

AH-fl: . AVI: 

A^fl: "unanimous" YlAA'fl: "heartily," 
" earnestly r £vi\- PA.AtD': "heartless" 
" undecided," "unfeeling," " coward," "deject- 
ed." An : ^1: "sincere," Ps.vii. 10. ^-Xl: 
Y\t\^dJ}'',"to encourarje," Vs. xxxii. 8. A 
A-fl: Tn^: "*o speak to the heart," i.e. 
"to encourage,'' 2 Cliron. xxx. 22. Afl-: 
P1"KA: "he that has a scarcity of heart 
(who wants wisdom)," Prov. xi. 1 2. 

(2) Tlie interior part, or centre of any thing, 
as of plants, &c. 

(3) It is often confounded with stomach, 
the various disorders and ailments of which 
are generally called PA'fl'- fh'"}?^: "dis- 
ease of the heart." Afl: J? oof A : "my heart 
gives me pain," an expression denoting a dis- 
ordered stomach, or general want of appetite, 
eostiveness, heartburning, gastritis, cardial- 
gia, &c. Whilst in this sense I heard a large 
number of patients using this expression, I 
recollect only one case, when a complainant, 
who was a married man, used it to intimate 
that he was love-sick on account of the mis- 
conduct of his wife. cf. the Eth. A'fl : the 

Heb. 17 and 117, and the Ar. C_J. 

A.n : Eth. according to Ludolf, the Greek \i/3a, 
ace. of All/', ventus Africus, the south-v:est 

All : s. thief. Exod. xxii. 2. 

AH : ?» AH : s. n-omens drauers. 

An Aft: '^'- 3.. to singe, to scorch. Lev. ii. 14. 

A*!?": adj. courageous, brave, prudent, circum- 

AH 90 : s- chamher-pot. A more decent expres- 
sion than n<i,^:: Vid. Ludolf. 

Anrt: v-a. to dress, clothe, to put on clothes. 
S-i.1: A-flh,: >idi.KAU-: "I put on the 
K'ware, and go." 

?iAn iTl : trs. to dress, clothe another person. 
■f Anri: pass, and refl. to be clothed, and to 
clothe oneself. 

A'flti-s. cloth, dress. Gen.iii. 21. Tigr. JlJ^T:: 

Anil: s. clother, dresser. Matt. v. 22. ttl^^: 
AHH: "one that dresses in rags," 

AH'n : s. halter. Ar. (._Jj " breast-leather for 

the horse or mule." 
Ann.: and AH T : s- intellect, conscience. (It is 
to be observed, tliat abstract ideas like these 
are very much confounded with each other 
by the Abyssinians, nor do they attend to 
philosophiciil distinctions.) 
An-^: and AT""!': s. spark (of fire). Job xli. 

11. Isa. V. 24. 
An-f: ?.?. Ain.:: Ps.x. 17. 
A.nrfl:: Mount Ze6a77on. P — : H^: "cedar- 
tree." g-H*:!^: — : "Debra Libanos," name of 
a convent in Shoa, where Tecla Haimanot is 
said to have flourished. P — : 'fl^i^'t': 
•XaXKoKl^avov, a species of electrum more 
precious than gold. Rev. i. 15. 
Anf : s. a reasonable, understanding person. 

Prov. X. 17. 
AHT: '"•?• Ann." Prov. vii. 4. 
Ann): V. a. to overlay, to deck, to line, to varnish, 
to gild. Ex. XXV. 11: OS" 4.: WC.^- A-fl 
mfly*: "overlay it with pure gold." Isa. 
xxxviii. 21, it is used of the fig which was 
Irjid upon Hezekiah's boil, as a plaster. 
Ezekiel xiii. 12: P:!- A : C^^O^ : PA n "1^ 
y,i^. " ^vhere is the loam, wherewith you 
have daubed it?" 
TAn m : pass, to be daubed, overlaid, plastered, 

lined. Ex, xxvi. 32. 
?iriAnfn: caus. to order, to cause (any 
thing) to be overlaid, lined, plastered, 
A-UTi^: s. the lining, gilding, varnish, plaster, 

daubing. Lev. xvi. 15. 
A.'t": s. i.f/. A.A.'I":: night, p — : f>^^: "the 

bird of the night; " i.e. bat, Deut. xiv. 17. 
A.'TI'T: adj. light-broun, comp. of f\/p: and 
•fl: signifying a mixture of light and dark- 
ness, which is conceived to give that colour. 
A'tT: Latin. Tlie Latin language. 
ATi<t: s. « small tent. For the Greek, \ap- 
■nrjvri, which signifies the royal bedstead, 
1 Sam. XXV. 7. Ixx. 5. Vid. Lud. 
A^ : s. the proper measure. aVI : \St^ : " it has 

Ain: ... ACD'A-n: 

( 10 ) 

ACDil: ...•TATfflni; 

Us measure.'" flH.^' AYI". "just so much," 
" according to //lis ?7j easure." oiJ'f|/\'fj: fj^ 
^1: ifly-: "he eats moderately.'" 

AY* '• s. the thomj with which ridimj animals are 
tied and led, leash. 

AYI: v. a. to send. Etli. A?iYl: from -which 
"DA?iVl: " angel," and aoA>iil^: "mes- 
sage," are derived. Tigr. A?iYL:: Ar. 

»i)Jl. Gen. viii. 1, 24, 40. Constructed with 
(DS,' ^"'l A: "whereto," with the ace. 
" whom," and with A : " for wlioni," " in fa- 
vour of whom;" e.(j. A^A.'}: >»A^A*IAU-: 
(DS" TrTM*:: " I idll send a servant /or you 
to the king." 2 Chr. xxx. 1 : A>iA"<;.?S.A 
f: AJ^l^K: AYI: "he sent to Israel and 
.Tudah." ' "With A : it has also the idea of a 
friendly correspondence between friends, in- 
quiring after each other's liealth, &c. ; e.y. A 
VBA^: "send to nie^ i-e. send a person from 
time to time, in order to see how I am : 
a civility which forms a necessary consti- 
tuent of friendship in Abyssinia. 
f AYI : pass, to be sent. Eth. to minister, to 
serie. Mattli.iv. 11. TAVL: TitibKAlJ-: 
"beimj sent, I go," i.e. I (jo on an errand. 
TAYIO'^: "he (or it) loas sent to him." 
?iflAln : caus. to cause (another) to send. 
f\^ : V. a. to measure, to fit, make ft (so as to 
have the proper size, and to suit). Rev. xxi. 
15, 16, 17. 2 Sam. x. 3. Cant. viii. 9. to draw 
a plan, to sketch. Ezek. iv. 1. 
All: id. Rev. xi. 2. 

AVlflVlfl: adj. light-minded, unsteady, dissi- 
pated, dissolute, averse to labour. 
J^AYiriYlrt" V. D. to be compl'icate, confused, 
dissipated, averse to labour. 
AinflllflJ"" s. confusion, dissipation, aversion 

to labour. 
/^YlYl : V. a. to measure, to mete out. 
A-Tl : Ar. ^^ any thing flat, of metals or of 

wood : table, board, plate. 2 Kings iii. 19. 
A.*^: n. pr. Levi. 
A.T:i-5'-/^n: ''"?/• 
ACD'A'fl: Isa. xxviii. 27. Arab. t_jy and 

c_>JIJ "a shell," "a windlass," "a threshing 

ACDrt: " 

"TACDrt : to jrroceed, tjo further, go away. 
Judges vi. 18. Isa. liv. 10. 

TAfflrt : id. Matth. xiii. 53. 
A(D h : v. a. /o knead (the dough) to stir. Meton. 

to disturb, to rouse from sleep : Gen. xviii. C. 

«5.Tiri : AtD' fl : " quickly k-nead." 

"TAfflrt: pass. Ezek. xvi. 6: nK7"h7": 
T AOMlh: ?iPU-h : "and in thy blood, 
kneaded (as it were), saw I thee." 
AT^l'T: Leviathan. Job xl. 25. The Abys- 

sinians have very curious ideas concerning 

this animal, which they think to be a huge 

serpent carrying the earth on its back. 
A*P*Ii: s. the Levite. pi. Eth. ATOh^l " 

Lrvilcs. h6^-- HATOy-yT: "the book of 




ACD'Tl: s. almond. Gen. xxx. 37 

Heb. t^h. 
AIJ^'E: /•?• AT*?:: 

AG)fn : V. a. to change, to alter, to exchange, sub- 
stitute, to barter, to trade, to merchandise, 
to traffic. 

'1'A0)1TI : pass, and refl. to be changed, altered, 
bought or sold, to change or alter oneself. 
-flC.: ■A^Ji^: ^Affl^lA: ma^: 
"how is the dollar (silver, or money in 
general) exchanged on the market?" i.e. 
" what is the currency of the dollar ? " 
"TATfflfn- i"l- ^^^ reiterat. and recipr. to 
be used for exchange in trade and barter. 
Ps. Ixxvii. 10: ^«: \(D^: PAO-A: P^ 
"j;: croATQ)T" "these are the various 
alternations of the right hand of the Most 
High." 1 Peter iv. 10: "as good stewards 
for (A) the grace of God, A9"-t-AT<D 
fnCD^: which is changeable or alternating,'''' 
(the sense is ambiguous). 2 Chron. xxi. 

19: q>V9»: y^O't"- nC"''- nTATCD 
Q^ ; T^H,: "when the days mutually 
changed," "when day by day changed 
(passed by);" i.e. "in the process of time." 

AO^T: . .. TA^P: 

( 11 ) 

A£: . • • A£": 

Afl>'T: s. change, suhstitulion, alteration, com- 
pensation, restitution, And the exchanged 
thing. Sec; i.q. AT^U.: q. v. Ex. xxix. 11 : 
P:i(n,7\^: AtD'T: iay-i":: "for it is a 
restitution for sin (sin-offering)." Luc. x\-iii. 
30: .el'tlAA: "Kl.^: AOXn-l: "but 
he will receive its compensation.'''' Jer. xxii. 
11 : nTt5:A(l>'?': "in s!(to7u/;on— instead 
of his father." 
/Vq>C}>: s. the money-changer, banker. Mark 

xi. 15. 
ATcp.: s. the thing exchanged, substituted, the 

substitute, change. Lev. xxvii. 10. 
AthA: adj. and verb, (from ADA: Eth. to be 
high) high, exalted. In Amh. used only for 
the Most High, God. Gen. xh^. 18. 
AOAf: Eth. highness, loftiness, exaltation, su- 
premacy. Isa. xxxiii. 3. 
AChJl : Eth. one that is sent, messenger, pi. 
AQ-'hl:: "J-fl^: AO'^1: "Acts of the 
Ajyostles.'" Rad. AOYl: Eth. AVl : Amh. 
AHfl: V. n. to be smooth, sleek, polished, soft. 
?\AHR: V. a. to smooth, to polisli, to sleek, 
to soften, to chisel. Ex. xxxiv. 1 ; J^Afl fl 
II : R'^^'fl: "polishing chisel," (imp.) Job 
xxiii. 16: >i"JH.?i'nfii.C: Aai: ?iA 
"H-flTAr: "for God hath softened my 
ATI"!!: s. and adj. softness, smoothness, polish ; 
soft, smooth, polished. — : i\^d.'}: i-<l- 'f\t\. 
Hfl: Lev. vi. 21. — : \(Sf: i..q. AHfl:: 
AP: V. a. i.q. Eth. AAP:: Tigr. <5.A:: to 
distinguish, to disjoin, disunite, disconnect, se- 
parate, to make distinction, observe a diffe- 
rence, inf. €jD/\ p-'j- :: 

"TA P: pass, to be separated, distinguished, to 
differ. Gen. iii. 14 : Yl'A'Jfl'l: U-A*: "T 
A^Th : "differing from all animals." 
eh. xiii. 11 : (DIJ^'?"'?": YlCm^oo.: 
TAP: "the brother separated from his 
brother." inf. odAPT: difference, dis- 
tinction, division. 
TAJPP: recipr. to differ, be discordant, to 
vary one from another. Gen. xxxi. 49 : "fiC, 

|■^: ncTi^T: PTAyPl: "KlSiri: 

"if we are at variance among ourselves." 
inf. O^A^PT: discord, schism, sectari- , 
anism, variety. 
A^: prip. and adv. is constructed with fl : Yl : 
and (DS" nA.^: adv. above ; VlA^: from 
above; (D^: AJE: upwards. ViU^KC' ^ 
JE: "on the earth," "upon earth." Ylrtinj 
Ji: nA£: "aWe heaven." 1111"^^: RA 
^: "in heaven above." YlCfl': flAJZ : 
5(D': "he is above him," "over him."' Eth. 
AOA:: Tigr. AOA" and AOA." Itsigni- 
fies also a contrary direction, against, in oppo- 
sition to; e.g. Ps. ii. 2: to^Yl^,- il'7\HH.Y\ 
-ndkC.-- Aja: nc»""l.ii>9«: "they coun- 
selled together against God and his iNIessiah." 
AP; adj. verb, from AP: different, distinct, 
varying, other, separate. AR: AP: various, 
sundry, divers. ^U: AR: l(l>: yj": A 
P : i(D^ : " this is different, and that is diffe- 
rent;'" i.e. "both differ very much from each 
other." Gen. xxx. 39: oo^Vi^foy.: ^p; 
AP: PLFl: "wliose form was various,''^ i.e. 
"who were of various forms." 1 Cor. xii. 4 : 
flT(D:r9": AP: AP: IGP: oo'j^fl: ?ii 
"?£■: fXlTI: "and the gifts are inrious, 
whilst the spirit is one." 

AP^'t": s. difference, variety, diversity. 1 Cor. 
xii. 5: Ao^lAlA^: AP^T: J^AO)': 
" and the ministry has its variety," i.e. " tliere 
is a variety (of services) in the ministry." 

A.P4': adj. upper, superior, uppermost, supreme. 
Gen. xl. 17. 

A^P: i.q. AP:: to separate, put asunder, divide, 
&c. iChr.xiv.ll: "hlVLK-Hci^O KA-?" 
^1 : ng: A^JP^'a>: " God has divided my 
enemies by my hand." 

AK'^: s. Eth. birth, imtivity. n^A: A^''!': 
and merely AS-t-: "Christmas." PAgT: 
2\«roT: "the year of the birth" {i.e. of 
Christ), rad. ffiA^: 

Aj^: s. child, either male or female, but chiefly 
male; for sometimes the female is distin- 
guished by the termination 'itoo, A^f: or 
A^"!::: It is applied to animals, and even 
to plants, as well as to men ; signifying in the 

Air:. .AU."^: 

( 12 ) 

£i'X7^:.. Aflim: 

former case, the young animal; in the latter, 
sprout, shoot, &c. They even go farther, 
calling copy the son or daughter of its pattern; 
e.g. PKA/t"- £i^. "the copy of any written 
thing." As to men, it is appplied to them 
veiy long, often until they reach their 
middle age. They will say of a man of forty, 
A^: i&- "he is a chihl" (young man); 
and of a woman of the same age, AJ^: T't* "• 
"she is a child" (a young woman). Prtfl)': 
A^: "soH of man," "the son of man;"' and 
in opposition to HCJP: (slave), free-born, free. 
The same mode of speaking occurs also 
with the Abyssinians as with the Jews, of 
calling a person of such and sucli an age the 
son of so many years; e.g. Pfl'lj: ti.^J^''l': 
A^: iQh: "he is the son of sixty years," 
i.e. "is sixty years old:" although they pre- 
fer Oj^"^a>: fl«^: KOU'T: iOh:: rad. 
CDAK" Eth. (DA^:: Tigr. (DS,- Ar. 

jlj Heb. ih'^ Russian icitsh. Gr. vio^. 

Lat fdius. Ital. figVw. Fr. fils. Engl. lad. 
Even in child., and the Germ, kind, a simi- 
larity to that Semitic root may be acknow- 

tk^\^: s. childhood, young age, state of a child, 
sonship. Rom. viii. 15: PA^lfc'^: »D'5<5, 
f\; "the spirit of sonsA?/? (adoption)." Prt 
(p^: ^^Y'X'^ freedom, liberty, opp. to 'IC 
^'^':"slaveiy." Is oftener used than T\Ci^-' 

/\^aD:Nahum iii. 19. to be incurable, used of 
wounds and boils. 

/Yiono : v. to be an eye-servant ; to pretend to 
do something, but to use even the most tri- 
fling pretext as an excuse for not doing it. 

A"19°: Ihtk-. to say A"19": i-q- Al"":: 

^•],OD: v.a. to saddle a horse, mule, or ass; to 
load a gun, pistol, or cannon. 
TAt"*™: pass.' Isa. xxx. 28 : "and in the 
mouth of the nations," PfjrliT'1": A3. 
9^: PTAT-"": jiUTA: "the bridle of 
error will be put." iQ^Ol-: TAT-"™': 
" the gun is loaden or charged.'" 

/^•l on : s. a man who harnesses, saddles horses, 

mules, asses, &c., a hostler, groom. 
A^,'^: Kv. A:^ bridle, rein, helm, rudder. Ps. 

xxxviii. 9. 
A^iy'^mA: s. large robe ($'^^) four times 

/y'jOD^: adj. & s., one that works in appearance 

only, but is stopped in his work by every 

little obstacle; unfit person, good for noihiiUj. 
gi^iau"^: adj. incurable (of wounds and boils). 

Jer. XV. 18. 
ATrt: v.n. to be liberal, bountiful, generous, boun- 
teous, munificent, and to act so. Deut. xxxiii. 

22 : ATf": ^tl.'lA: "he flows in liberality." 
A^fl: s. and adj. liberal, bountiful, generous, 

A:)i1: id. . 
AlJ?: non occ. 

TAT.'^: to be mocked, laughed at, ridiculed: 
also act. Ex, xxxii. 25. Ps. Ixix. 9. 

TATK: to play, joke, laugh, ridicule, mock, 
scorn. Ps. Ixxix. 12. 

^kA^K■ ^'''^- ^^ lough at, ridicule, to mock at, 
to scorn, play with. cf. "l'I>: T'^A'l': TA 
A"IJSi*: s. mocking, scorn, joke, ridicule, laughing. 
^•^"J: s. foam, froth, scum. 1 Sam. xxi. 13. 
Aim: and AlH: and derivv.; i.cj. Alg:: 
ATft": fiiid A'lT: s. scorn, mocking, ridicule. 

Heb. xi. 36 : " others were delivered over 

AATR*:" to public scorn or play. Nehem. 

iv. 4. 
Am: v.a. to peel off. Gen. xxx. 37 : V^"?": 

'fiJ^C^' Ama>: "and he peeled it white." 

TAm : pass. Lev. xiii. 39. Deut. xxv. 3. 
ti/P- s. dough, mass, more frequently ■flU':: 

Ex. xii. 24. 
AT: s. the peeling, bark, skin, &c. PHQ,: — : 

" the bark of trees," Job xxx. 4. P — : -fr 9« 

nT* : " prepared tobacco in the form of small 

ATC- ®- ^^^ I'PC" pound-iveight. Ar. per 

so ^ 

metathesiri, (Jb.. Greek Khpa. The Abyss. 
^ pound has twelve ffl'S""!': '•''• ounces. 
Amm: v.a. to polish, to bend (a bow), to cock 

TAfnm: ■ • • ih«roA"^A: 

( 13 ) 

fhODon: .. .d^Qi'V- 

(a gun); to strain (the strings); &c. Rev. iv. 3: 
PTA HI m ■■ 'I'fl '1" : " <i Ijent bow." 2 Kings 
ix. 24: q»flt=1: Amm: "he 6enf his bow." 
TAmm: pass. 
ACQ.: v.a. to raze, to shave, inf. OD/\cp.: the 
shaving ; and per meton. the razor. 
TACO.: pass, to be shaved; and med. to shave 
/\il^:a. barber. Tigr. AR-P.:: 
/^<5_: v.n. (of paper) to blot, to suck in. 


ih: HA, the third letter of the Abyssinian alpha- 
bet, is called haut ^the female ii letter, 
'hfl)"^: for /hlil'::). The present Abyssi- 
nians distinguish it from U: and '^: by call- 
ing it (h9"4.fh: the nX in 9«^rh:: The 
Amharic people pronounce all these alike ; 
but in the Tigre lauguge rfi: is pronounced 
like the Arabic _, with a pressure in the 
lower part of the throat. The orthography 
of these letters is not yet settled. Any word 
with a n letter, wanted here, will be found 
either under U: Tr'Ti: or K:: 

^/\ini: and 2\A^n*" v.n. to dream: Eth. id. 

Ar. Jls. Heb. Dpn. The more usual form is 

hA"": (j.v. 
chA9" : s. dream. Ar. Xs- Heb. 0711, Gen. 

XX. 3: thA*?^T: KP: "he saw a dream" 

i.e. he dreamt. 
fhfk^i*: s. thoiKjht, mind, meditation, &c. Gen. 

xxiv. 45 : "when I thought (upon) this," flfh 

A.r&: "in my mind:' Rad. rl^AP: Eth. to 

think, meditate, have and bear in mind, consider, 

reflect, &c. 
diT*: s. Ar. As>. Lev. xi. 16. A certain bird. 
<h"yA.: n. pr. HA*aE, name of the month -which 

corresponds to our July, beginning at the 

middle of our July, and lasting to the midst 

of August. 
»h9"A.: Tigr.; j.g. Iobt: Amh. 
fho«A"«JA: s. greens, vegetables, plants. Gen. 

i. 29. 

^onoo: Eth. Vid. ?'i00cnj:: 

iTh^^T" : s. disease, illness, sickness, pain, ache, 
ailmrnt. Pi.fl: — : "pain in the head" or 
" disease of the head." pi. Eth. A^tHjcrq^ : 
pains, applied (1) to the sufferings of Christ: 
(2) to passions of the human soul. In the 
latter sense, Rom. vii. 5. 

rh7"f|: pudendum muUebre. Tigr. ctot^:: 

'rf^oo-fi : the fifth (sc. day), Thursday. Ar. 

^j^U>- Heb. tijort ; : 

rh'^'T: Eth. from rh**"?" calumny, slander. 
^qo^-: and ?iqo-"r: bile, gall. 
^o^-^-^: s. & adj. slanderer, calumniator. 


rh9"^: s. Ar. ^j^Uos, a small girdle where- 
with the drawers are fastened to the body. 
Ex. xxviii. 39. The word is not Amharic. 

ih^M.'^: fh^t't-: or O^H.^: delight, joy, plea- 
sure, bliss. Generally constructed with 2\g 
d,1: as diut-t-: tvK'C.'h- rejoice. Rad. 
Eth. (hUJP: "TthJU^P: exsultavit. 

thQ: and UQ: silk. 

(h&.: and 'fxi^' v. a. to go to stool. Ar. A^. 

ih6^'- and y^i.: s. dung, stool. Ar. "■ Heb. 

ifj^OTJ: and more generally J\<^tro; [I) to pro' 
hibit, keep sacred, and for common use pro-, 
hibited. 2 Tim. iv. 1. i.q. Qiinn and ^ .=.. 
Vid. tv^jau:: (2) to weed. 

(hC,U°: s. (1) the thing prohibited, sacred, 
cursed. Num. xxi. 2: ?il^.^Q>''5: chf^9i»: 
">»^KC3A^: "we will make their land de- 
voted (to destruction)." Ar. Jy^ Heb. DIH. 
(2) weeds, tares. 

^Cyo^; 2)rohibition, devotion, vow. Num. 
vi. 9. 

th^Q: adj. & s. Eth. hot, and heat, kv.ji-. 

diO^: Eth. YxCyV- Amh. s. freedom, liberty, 
independence, and, sensu malo, dereliction, state 
of solitariness. Constructed withffl"!: and 
with ?i(Dni:: — : CD"!: "he became /ree," 
Johnviii. 33. Ps. Ixxxviii. 4 : fhO'"!"- P€D 
^U*: Yi- "I have become free," sc. from 
men, &c.; i.e. deserted. — : ?i(D"il: to 

the.1. • . d\H\: 

( 14 




make free, set at liherly, liberate, deliver. 

did.1: s. shoot of a vine. Vid. ?»«i"i:: Gen. xl. 
10. xlix. 11. 

illrt't": s. lie, falsehood, untruth, deception, 
deceit. Ex. viii. 29: n — : m^: to lie, 
io deceive; ihflf: ITJ: "it was found an 
untruth." Alias, T^tl't-: q.v. Rad. thflQ): 

(h«1*]^: adj. Etli. false, lying, deceitful, untrue. 

plur. dirtuh-t":: 
thTO" : V. a. to seal, to stamp ivith a seal or 
type, to print, imprint, impress. Vid. J^ftTO: 
and -^TtTO:: .inf. aniH^-x-ijOi the sealing, 
printing, &c., the seal, print, press, the type. 
A%'X°^' 'iiid 'J:^mi: s. sealer, printer. 
rhi^9" : adj. & verb, sealed, stamped, pressed, 

A%\ii\t\: V. n. to sneeze. Vid. KViUfl:: 
fh"^^: s. sob, sobbing, hickup, hiccough. In 
• Shoa, flt;,^:: 

chTC.P: s. Eth. pl.fhTCy't":: apostle. P— : 
t\&.: "Acts of the Apostles."' Eth. 'q-nQ: 
OiVCy^:: Rad. ch^O "to go about." 
chCDrt: Eth. to move, to be sensible. At. 

Heb. lyin. 

AiTfl: s. pi. fhT'^t": Eth. organs of sense, by 
which we receive impressions upon our minds. 
Ar. Auu^, pi. ir-'}=^. Also a more decent 
name than "flA^: for sexual organs. Gen. 
ix. 22. iiXwash. Vid. UTh" 
ch4'fl: s. the thong on the bridle, by which 
horses, mules, &c. are guided. Vid. ♦pfl't"" 
rh'H'fl: s., pi. ^^rhH'fl: Eth. people, nation. 

Gen. X. 5. Ar. i— ^^ agmen. 
rhT-fnS^: adj. vulgar person, plebeian, heathen. 
Act. iv. 13: ?i(D*: «rojj^: pa^iyap'^: 
fiq)"^: "hriRin-. aiTna).P19»: they 
knew that they were people not knowing the 
Scriptures (or books, i.e. uneducated) and of 
thfe lower class of society." 
rfiHl: generally hHi- v.n. to regret, mourn, 
be grieved, sorry, sad, dejected, to repent; to 


spare, to save,to withhold. vid.?\Hi" Ar.^^^. 
rhHT: and I'lH'J: fj.v. s. ajjliction, grief sorrow, 
sadness, regret, repentance, mourning, pity. Ar. 
Gen. xlii. 38. 

Eth. to live. Ar. r^"- Pleb. nipT. 

V. n. 

tnPCD- »• "• i:jiu. (o iive. yir. ^^- 

?»ihPQ): v.a. to vivify, quicken, animate, give 
life, cure. Not used in Amliaric. 
ihJPO)': adj. living, fern. h\SGi^'^- pl- rh^ 

«P1:: Heb. ^H Ar. l/^. In Eth. and 

Tigr. it signifies also healthy, vigorous, very 


rli,pa)'"r: s. life. Gen. i. 30. .Heb. n^Il Ar. 

»Ui. PHAA7": A^Jiffl'T: eternal life. 
di.K: v.a. Eth. YlPK" Tigr. Yl.!?„:: logo. 

Gen. ii. 1 4 . di, K = V» on/ft ""l A U- : " I will go, 

and come back." d»,J^l>: "I am gone " (in- 
stead of " / will go," >i(h.KAlh:). an ex- 
pression always used by visitors on the point 
to leave, declaring their intention to go, if 
you allow it. A civility. VnlnnC^fn 
^: •I'l: fh.KtI: (D^: tVli^'i: ■I'.^C'S 
Atl : " ill how many days' journey do you 
arrive from Ankober to London?" JPil: 
OJi-Yl^: dn,^: ^lAffi'^'T": "I do not re 
member of ever having gone by that road." 
?id«,.^: (1) cans, to cause to go, to lead, 
to guide, make go. Lev. xxvi. 13: ITf'f: 
oo^^^: J\fh.^i¥U': "on a straight 
way have I led you." 

(2) to thresh, i.e. to make the corn go out 
from the ears. 1 Cor. ix. 9. Isa. xxviii. 23. 
?ifldi.K : caus. to cause to go, to make go, to 
lead, to take; e.g. ^tl: ooilj^: (DR: i\ 
n"!: JPfldi.^*IA: "this road will take 
thee to Abyssinia." 
jlfi_g"qa:s. a house built of stone and clay, with 
a fat roof. The mere flat roof also is some- 
times so called. 

AS*'.: Vid. J\K<i:" 

d\gjl: i-q- "i^^tl: q.v. new. •ntf^'S': rin^ 

fl: "the Old and the New," sc. Testament; 
another name for rtrnjl^: /hg.: "the 
eighty-one" (books of the SS.) ; or tnj^,h 



G.' ^SSi-' "^^^^ ^^h' book," i.e. Bible. 
fhj^ •^'"l": "the Epistles of the Apostles." 

( 15 







Heb. pn 

A«l:s. Eth. pl.Ai3:J'r 

<Ae Law. Gen. xxvi. 5. Ex. xii. 43. P4.rt. 
^ : (lh"l • " the orrfer of (for) the Passover." 
In a peculiar sense, fh"I : is used for o regular 
marriage, to distinguish it from concubinage 
as well as from celibacy. In this sense, 1 A : 
(li"!: means "a married man or womani'^ a 
rare pha;nomenon in Abyssinia. 

(h9 : title of dignity for a king ; i. q. His Ma- 
jesty. — : P-hh: "KingJoas." Til A: 
TLP-CIf!: P'i^a: A^f: "Tecla Georgis, 
tlie son of the king." This title seems 
to be given to the Gondar kings only; at 
least, I never heard the king of Shoa being 
called rfi^:; but his full title is >i^f|: "i 
AiA: A^AfL: PHT: 'Jl-M*: "Eras Sah- 
hela Selasse, the king of Shoa." 

rhOf!: to wash. Alias KKD : q-v. Num. viii. 

th^'i- s. an infant, a sucking child, meton. a 
young person, pi. fhgf't*: Gen. xxxi. 28. 
Rad. rfiO^: Eth. to nourish, educate, train, 
especially to suckle. 

rTi^lTc"!": s. state or age of a sucking child, 
infancy, childhood. Yl — : j^'P'C: fiom 
childhood, from birth or infancy, from the 
mother s womb. 

A6.dl"f: Rom. i. 26. i.q. 0^^.^^: ^^.d.^- 
and "K^C"- - shame, disgrace, ignominy, in- 
famy, pudenda, bashfulness, shyness. 

"• on:: 

OD:: MA, the fourth letter of the Abyss, alphabet 
Its name is ^L\i om]^:, probably for i^l*^: 
the M letter. Before other labials, as in 
other languages, it is used sometimes in the 
sixth fomi, instead of the liquid 1:; e.g. (J) 
9°nC= instead of CDlfiC: ^^e seat. (J)1^ 
<5,f : for (D"l<3u^: the sieve. It is some- 
times substituted for the soft fl : ; as in HI 
UD: •Hfi/n: for HiR: l^f 'H : to rain, 
the rain. It sometimes is exchanged for Q): 

in infinitives; as (D'^iOO ^or an^nC.: 
(DQ.U^' for cro^cw.:, or rather oo^cq.:: 
on : is, as in the Arabic, used as a prrfor- 
mative to verbs, to form the infinitive, and 
then remains, when the i.ifinitive receives 
the termination y : in order to form substan- 
tives of matter, instrumentality, locality, 
and others; e.g. atsi^f^: writing, book ; oufj 

' ^^" writing instrument or writing mute- 
rial, or even a place for writing, i.e. writing- 
school, or secretary's office; from 8^: to 

fj^i is an inseparable conjunction, and; 
applied to any part of speech, at the end of 
the ■word. When many substantives are 
connected together, it interchanges with f: 
which is used for joining single words, 
whereas fp^i joins also whole sentences to- 
gether; e.g. -JT^^Aif": ^AA*?*^: {D:^KC 
n^"?": a«m-: YlflA-f: 'fimm-'P^: O^ 
A: tfi-K,- "the king and his great ofllcei-s, 
and his soldiers, came ; and after they had 
eaten and drunk, they went away." With 
verbs in the present tense with ?» A: it seems 
to be infixed; e.g. A^^^-: '^(Dfl^'^A'l^ 
If-', "beg, and ye shall receive:" but if you 
consider ?iiA: as an auxiliary verb, ^fO; re- 
mains an affix ; as will be perceived by di- 
viding it from the principal verb in this 
manner: ■I'CDflK,*?^: ?iA^-lI-: which is 
quite the same. 

Affixed to verbs, it forms negations with 
?iA: ?kji: or T\' according to circumstances, 
and in the present tense it does not allow 
the auxiliary J^A: to come in; e.g. h.£vV^ 
flAlh"?": "I have not received." J\J£OiJ 
«1«?0: "he will not come." ?i-"I'ifibj;^«?a: 
"thou wilt not go." riA«fOAf!«F': "I do 
not return." 

oif: a final conjunction signifies in Tiore, 
because, for. In the common language of the 
Amhara people, chiefly in Shoa, it is some- 
times used instead of «?»: ; sometimes instead 
of the causal {":: 

OBUOO'JIW: s. Ar. , ^.a."^', a word 



trnv^njoy: . . . uq/y: 

( 16 ) 

o^f\z... ?»f|aijA: 

nouncenhh wilhont aspiration, a low voice. 
Vid. Golius s. v. Job iv. 1 2. 

<"»U«^9"^: s. handkerclupf. Ezek. xvi. 12. 
improperly for noso-rinrj. 

*P^^djt"- s. f. mercy, compassion, pity, commi- 
seration. Rad. ODU^: Eth. 

9"y«^'l'f : adj. merciful, coriipassionnte, pitiful. 

ooin: inf. from \T\:: the bcimj, becomimj, 
essence, state, disjwsifion. 

on A: V. n. & act. Eth. ono^j^:: Tigr. on A 

?».:: Keb. ^^u. Ar. a_v. <o 6e /«//, <o 
abound, to be much, to fill. Gen. i. 22. imp. 
fem. c. stiff. : •Topj.dy,; " fiHit.'" ouAlh"!': 
" I have filed iV' ii"A^TA5>: id. "/Aaie 
//W or /// ;/." fl(D': BTO^'t-«PA: or oo 
A^'PA: "there are plcidy of men," "many 
men." om^-f-: "there is plenty,'^ "much," 
and merely much. Ital. mo//r;. The mat- 
ter with which any thing or person is filled, is 
given (1) with fl : and the sufHxed pronoun ; 
e.y. (mli&Xl: '^^ti: anDAr5'>: literally, 
"the Holy Spirit y?//r J, u-as full (plenty) in 
her," i.e. " she was filled with the Holy Spirit." 
Gh;}: n*i9"P: *">A■1^0::^A: "the gombo 
O'ar) is full of water." Acts vii. 5 5 : "o-j^fi ; 

of the Holy Spirit." Acts vi. 8: "l.lif^r^: 
3^A9": ffo^-t-n-'T: in^f: "he ivasfull 
of faith and power." Lukeiv. 1. (2) with the 
accusative: e.(j. :3r-T'1: O;}: ^nAT^T 
a>': "//i the gans (large jars) with water," 
John ii. 7. 
J\i^aoA: caus. to cause to fill. 

«3re«A: i-q- 9»A'T: s. fulness. Ex. xii. 30: «?n 
juuf-iyn: flT^AT: " and Egypt in its fulness, 
totality,^' i.e. "all Egypt." ' Eth. 9" AW. 
" plenitudo." 

go A-: Eth. and Tigr. 9^ Ar'^i: adj. full, fl S 
j^f : n^'A: «?" A-: \&^- " i* is/«// of mead 
and beer." 

UHA: s. Eur. mile. 

mitV- s- a fillip, a snap with the finger. 

oqA: V. a. Eth. crodiA:: Tigi% o^^iA.:: <o 
SMJPar, <o tal^e an oath, constr. 1. •F'A^:; <?.i7- 
Ps.xv. 4: TOft": P«™lV!K: " who su;raWn<7 

denies," j. e. he that denies his oath, perjured, 
forsworn, a perjurer. Jer. xlix. 13: fl<J.|'L: 7" 
^AIM*: constr.2. "{or I su-ear {or have sworn) 
by my head," z. e.- by myself. To swear by 
(something), tn}An— ::; e.y. VlC 

i>: pnAm-. n^ro po^^^AiiV: nd. 

fh: l^ti ■ "as there was nothing (or nobody) 
greater than he by which (or by whom) he 
should swear, he surjre by liimself." And v. 
16: tl^'l-l": J^TDAA-: tiQ^^OP: H 
^•bAiTjCB^: "and m<;-n swear h\ what is 
gi-eater than themselves." Matt. v. 34 : Y| "t" : 
h^OTiff: nrtoq^: mXl: &c. "never 
swear, not even by heaven " &c. Ps. cxix. 
106. Isa. xlv. 23. Gen. xxv. 33. oqAA^: 
"swear to me." crjaA^: "he s!TO;-e unto 
Mm," ch. xxi. 23, 24. "?»90AAMfAU-: " / 
swear unto thee," ch. xxiv. 7. £). 
TV^f^: trs. <o sncar one, to bind one by an 
oath, to adjure, to conjure. Acts xix. 13: 
>kf9"A^:i.A'l: "ice conjure, adjure 
you." Matt. xxvi. 63: ?i«?DAVAU': "/ 
adjure thee." Gen. xxiv. 3 : t\^£iW- H 
'5^: " that I may take an oath from thee, 
bind thee by an oath." v. 37 : 'L^- K9n ; 
K'^JA^: "and my master made me 
"TonqA : pass, to be sworn, adjured, bound by 
an oath. Refers to the oath as well as to 
the swearing person, p "I* w^ A : oxJ^h A : 
"the oath which has been sworn." P'f'tnj 
A: fl(D^' "a person s!<:orn." 
•j-injaqA: recipr. to swear to each other, to 
bind one another by an oath, to conspire. 
Gen. xxi. 27: yiC.ft-. tlC^^G^T": 'f 
a^tJiJA': " they sware to each other, bound 
each Other by an oath." v. 31 : lnH.JP: 
U-At^: •V°^9°£\'V£\.r: "for there the 
two sware to each other," Gen. xxvi. 31. 
Acts xxiii. 12: 'j-cnjtnjA'T": "and they 
conspired together, bound each other by an 
oath." V. 14: "f^f: T"^1°e\i'£i: constr. 
2. " tve have entered into a conspiracy," 
"have sworn to each other" v. 21. 
^f\Uiif\^: cSiUS. to make sicear; i.q. ?imjA:: 

OOAA: •.fo^Arirt: 

( 17 ) 

?\flw"Art:-- ""A+: 

""A A: 

T'^JAA: fo entreat, beseech. Rom. i. 9. 
■Ps. xlv. 12. 

qD/\/v: a. oblong. 'JP/\f\: «5.fl: "oblong 
liead." Lud. 

ODArh*!*: s- is used Act. xx.l5. for anchor; and 
ch. xxvii. 28. for sounding-lead. Eth. anchor. 

9DA9"A: s. footman. 1 Kings i. 5. - 

OOArt: V. a. to repeat, to return, bring back, to 
turn back, to convert, to reply, to answer, to re- 
compense, restore, retaliate; e.g. PCDlll^lf- 
l-T: ooAfllhAtl: "what I have taken, 
I have given back {returned) to thee.'" 1 Peter 
iii-9: fiVl^V": VltJ.: /'n-^ooAB'h : 
"neither return evil for evil." Mai. iv. 6: 

"he shall return {convert) the heart of tlie 

fathers to tlie children," Jer. xxxi. 18 : otjA 

fV\ : " convert (or turn) thou ?ne." ft.t'^A 

("jog/YU, : " and I shall be converted." In the 

Gospel, the expression, "Jesus answered and 

said unto him,'''' is always properly rendered, 

piVfl: craAriA-l-: J^AT":: Isa. Ixv. 24: 

•^^K<.: "Ko^AflA^TAU-: "before they 

call, /. will answer." inf. eroatj/\fi: the 

bringing back, returning, return. 

"pautif}: pass. & n. to be returned, brought 

back, answered, Sec. to return, come back, to 

repeat. 1 Kings xxii. 27, 28. John i. 38 : 

Pffflfp*: To«Art: "and Jesus turned 

round:' Gal. ii. IS : yd,\h'l-'itl: T 

ooAhL: PTnUli.CD': YlLni>: "if, 

what I have broke down, I did build up 

again." inf. troaiJ/\fj; the coming back, 

the return, &c. 

To^iAArt: reiterat. to go and come back, 

walk up and down, to take a ivalk, to walk 

about. 2 Sam. xi. 2 : flTl-M': ft'V: fll 

iT: A""ooAAf|: ""* order to walk up 

and down (to take a walk) on thereof of the 

king's house." John xi. 5t: JJOD/\/^fj: 

\nd,'' "was walking,'"' "walked:" xii. 35 : "I" 

"OAA!>: n-nC^T: "«W/c in the light." 

inf. oraoOAAf!: walking, the walk. 

T»"Artrt:Jobxxxiv.32: hAOOArtflTa; 

"/wi« no( return;" for hAonAfl"?":: 
^fl^^Art : caus. to make come back, to cause 
to return. Lev. xxv. 26 : "and if there be 
none to return (redeem) it:' A^'ifl''^ A 
flT^: n.^PACD': "and if he be able to 
have U returned (redeemed)." 

tnoAfl: s. Eth. and Tigr. OB^jfifl" the 
tongue. Ps. v. 9. trop. speech, language. Rad. 
Art: g.v. 

o^/\t\ : s. one who returns, brings back, converts: 
restorer, converter. 

9''Ail : s. that which returns ; the return, resto- 
ration. Lev. xxv. 12: P — : J'^tnO'ff-: "the 
year o£ restoration, the jubilee:'' Reply, answer. 
pgn/j^fj: ga^/s^'t- : "aletter in on^it-er," 
"an answer:" >kl.: aiP^^lh"^: >»ClV: "1 
T: 9"Ari'i: 7\S^out\tl£\r\*I^:: "Tasked 
him; but he did not return me an answer ." 
•7" Afi: also used now and then for environs, 
surrounding country. Markiii. 8: 1n(n,Cf! 
f: VllX^ir: «F»Ari: "from the country 
about Tyre and Sidon." Also, the place where 
the sun seems to return in his course in the 
equinox, ;ro/>/c. PTDAll: H-CJP: ^''^ /ro- 
pic circle. Geogr. 

""Aneq,: s. (rad. AOm:) the lining, 
gilding, varnhh, the material with wliich, or 
the instrument by which, any thing is lined 
or gilded or varnished, Ex. xxxviii. 19. Also 
the workhouse or place where this is done. 

o^A^: inf. from ?iA:: saying, the saying, 
meaning, signification, intent, -purport. cn^A 
't: ^U: Ifly-: "my saying (what I mean) is 
this." VUll: (king) t"JA"T: ni^'JCV: 
S1Sj:n-Ai*: n^A^: Iffi-: "the signifi- 
cation of ' king' is, in the Amharic lantniao-e, 
'Til'f^::" It is used also for object, intention; 
e.U.:?ilt: PlUi.lh^: a->1: Ml: HI 
K;: "Vtit: inc.: "my object in building 
this was, to get a house." Vid. Y\ti:: 

9°A^: s. fulness, plenty, abundance, filling. 

Eth. gnAh'T:: Ar. iU Heb. nt^Vo. 
Rad. PDA :: 

Germ, vo/^, vieZ. Lat. multum. Ital. mofto. 

tn»Ahln: ...7nAVl-t': 

( 18 ) 

2\o"AY1T: ..o^AS:: 

e.g. " Is there any thing to be had ? " Answer, 
OOA-t-: MALTo! "Oh plenty!"' 
•JO^J^Vl: and seldom od/\V1 : s. angel Eth. 

pi. »"A'?»tl-t':: Ar. cJlo' Heb. "^kVp. 
Gen. xxiii. 6 ; xlviii. 16, &c. It is used only 
for angels ; and when for human or other 
messengers, it is figuratively or metony- 
mically, as Gen. xxiii. 6. Rad. A?vYl: Kth. 

1 Cor. iv. 9. vi. 3. 

006i7f\'r\'\"- s. fern, letter, message, ministry, 
office, service. y.U-y-: oo^y^Yl^:-1-^^ti: 
(DR: (^^^^n.T:) "may this letter reach" 
(its reader). The usual address with the 
name of person and place to which the letter 
is directed, written inside before the begin- 
ning, and outside on tlie back. 2 Cor. iii. 3 : 
P5lCfl-¥-h: ovgi^Yi^'z . . . ^A: 'Pti'P*: 
P't*'H<5.''T': "o letter of Christ., .written 
^ without ink." Ministry, ministration, office. 

2 Cor. iii. 7, 8, 9. iv. 1 : where ke speaks of 
the two ministrations, of the letter and of the 
spirit. Rom. i. 5 : K^: au£^Yi-1-sjU: "grace 
and apostleship " (message); where ooaVI""!': 
stands contracted for uii^y^^i^:: 

ctoaYI: v. n. Ar. cJi* Heb. TlbD, Very 
seldom, used for nui : fo reign as a king. 

f^^ilYlt s.form, shape, visible appearance. 

0"A^9": adj. formosiis (""AVI and X^^O 
beautiful, beauteous, fine, fair, handsome, good, 
proper, becoming, well, &c. 

t^OA^9'°i''t': s. beauty, goodness, the being 
good. Job iv. 16. Zech. ix. 17. 

OOATn'*r: s. a musical wind-instrument, de- 
scribed by Bruce, Salt. Riippell, and Combes 
and Tamisier. Vid. Bruce, 11. 2S0 : only kenet 
is a wrong spelling of 'p'i^: k and, horn, 
general appellation of any horn; whereas 
aoAYl't': MALACAT, is this particular instru- 
ment. — : 14,: "to blow the malXcat." 
— : i&.. "the blower of the malacat," the 

dogitlt: mXlect. Vid. atiAl?i!l'V:: 

•y^Alri't': mElISket, s. sign, mark, token, signed, 

J'^od/yYI'I*: v. denom. to mark, to signify, 
denote, notify, Ps. xxv. 4 ; to show, point 
out. o«TJ,K-tn : ?i"0 AVIT'I : " point 
out to me," "show me thy way." 
•j'OTJAYl't": pass, to be marked, shoion, &c. 
a. to keep in view, to look at, to see, to view 
upon, to behold, to otjservr, to mark, fo contem- 
pl/tte. 1 Cor. X. 18. 

OOAYJ'!': s. divine essence or nature, divinity, 
godhead. Generally used of the divinity of 
our Saviour. 

t^^A^'^rVr: id. not often used. 

•"^AVITi : s. messenger. Gen. xvi. 7; xix. 1. 
1 Cor. iv. 9. 

^'^^Yjf: s. governor of any place or district. 

0"AViVi«JD: and 00^11 Vl 7": a. (amplifica- 
tion of boA^y^::) very fine, fair, beautiful, 
very good. Esther ii. 8. 

troATl.,?: s. measure; a measuring insiruniPnt, 
chiefly for measuring lengths. Ezek. xl. 3 : 
P — : HTl: a measuring rod. Rad. A^- 

ooAfflT: inf. of AflDfn: and -rAfDm:: 
change, exchange, alteration, substitution, bar- 
ter, trade, commerce, traffic, oufj'^'f : oba 
fl)'5*: "sale, and change,^' i.e. "commerce." 
Gen. xxiii. 18 : fl""!!'?: Ilo^AfflT: P 
•F':^A^: sc. 'fUC" ["money"] "which is 
current in commerce.'''' 

o^A^P: s. for ou/^p-*^-:: the parting, separa- 
tion, division. 1 Sam. xxiii. 2S. 

"OAP'I': inf of AP:: separation, parting, divi- 
sion, partition, schism, sect, difference, distinc- 
tion. Vid. AP:: e.g. :Jm.?i-"r: Yl>»"7H.3\ 
•fldi.O Hljt^: ooAP-V: i(D-:: "sin is 
the separation, departing, from God." auf 
lS.fl"n: tJOAP'"!": "distinguishing the spi- 
rits," 1 Cor. xii. 10. pcjtiAP't': h'T^Ail: 
"a God oi -division," 1 Cor. xiv. 33. 

o^AP'^: Eur. a million. 

tn'Aji'JP: s. division, partition, boundary. 1 Clir. 
iv.33: PYl^^QP: »OAJP.P: "the boundary 
of their tribe." 

avf\^p-'\-. inf. oi-fti y p.: the variety, divi- 
sion, sect, faction. 1 Cor. i. 10. xi. 19. 

•^ A.1^ : V. n. to be early, to rise early. Gen. xx. 8 : 



( 19 ) 

9D^T: . . .avavfitl: 

nYlQt^' t"7AK- "^'^ '■"*'' <'«'"ty in the morn- 
ing." ch. xxi. 14: «nj^^: Tl"*: "he rose 
early.'" eh. xxii. 3. xxvi. 31. xxviii. 18. xxxi. 
55. ^.iJij AKAlh: " I rile earhj" 
oijfi^: ^'^£^y,: and fn}£%^: adv. early (in the 
morning). Ps. v. 4 ; and some of the above- 
quoted passages. Ps. xlvi. 5. As subst., the 
morning, day-break. Isa. Iviii. 8 : •flC^^ntJ: 
"hTiR- t"IA^: ^G>n)A: "thy light shall 
break forth as the morniny." Ezek. xlvi. 14 : 
ri'^A^: IhA": "every morniny.'" ot}^^; 
•^A."^: id. V. 15. 
^^£\S, y- s.a bracelet of brass, which (in Shoa) 
the soldiers that have killed a Galla in war 
are permitted to wear on their wrist. 
troyvlP: s. object of scorn, joke, and jest; scorniny, 

jokiny, jesting ; scorn, joke, jest, j)lay. 
troAlT--: o«AlK-: act. ooaT?: o^JAlR-" 
pass, infin. of A^^1: and ATR" playiny, 
jokiny, jesting, scorning ; play, joke, jest, scorn. 
•^AT^fcs that which excUes to, and causes play- 
ing, scorning, joking, jesting. Nehem. iv. 4. 
•' object of the same : " tn^i^irEI,: U-W£ii': 
"for we liave become the objects of scorn," 
" spectacle." 
o^A^lMl: id. Job xxx. 9. 
•"^AfT): V. a. to fall out (used of hair). 

•j-tiD/^ ffl ; V. p. & n. (of the head), to loose 
the hair, to have the hair falling out. Lev. 
xiii.40,41: i.ffi": Pto^tktU: rtO^: 
?\CXt-: l-X: i©': 'iR^fhU^: id^: "the 
man whose head has lost its hair, is bald, and 
(yet) is clean." Yifnf^tfl^ : R'h^.: fl. 
owAT: "XCl'f: ^fi- Hd.: /KO-: "and if 
the hair fall out from the crown of his head, 
he is bald-pated." 
2\cro/^fn: act. to fall out, to escape, glide out. 
Of the hatchet : Deut. xix. 5: •?««^<J^«/0: 
YlSr.: ?4""Am: "and the hatchet slipped 
from his hand." Of men, escaping from 
enemies. Deut. ii. 36: Yl^-T^'J: JP^o^ 
ni: P{W*'- "there was none that escaped 
from our hands." Heb. t^^JD, to make escape, 
OUA"l: adj. & s. bald-head, bald, meton. bare, 

naked, used of places of pasture where the 
grass has been cut off. Tigr. ooAfll." 

9"" AT: s. the baldness. — : 2\A: '" ^^ ''o^'^' 

•yny^Ep.: s. razor, any sharp pocket-knife. 

•'^AQ,^: s. passage, jylace and means for pass- 
iny ; adj. excellent, very good, (able to pass 
everywhere, because of the good qualities a 
thing possesses.) Luke xv. 23. Rad. ^Ad," 

o^ih: *^«!?4»: Ezek. xxviii. 13. Arab. L^l 

ijjj^l, \.,^ is the plur. of iL-« cr?/«to7. 


signifies cornelian, a gem. 

qiJfK: s. a small bottle containing about one 
pint or one pint and a-half, in use for drink- 
ing mead. Alias 'flCA.: 

*"'fhA: s. oath ; and meton. a treaty, covenant 
established by oath. Gen. xxiv. 8. Heb. vi. 16. 

""ithA"^: th1"Ij^: Tig. a certain plant in 
Tigre, which occasionally serves the Abyssi- 
nians for food. 

ooA\^: s. & adj. one who has mercy, pity, com- 
passion ; merciful, pitiful, compassionate. Ex. 
xxxiv. 6. 

"Df-h^gny: s. Vid. fro\}ifju^-, handkerchief. 

^P^thdrV: s. Vid. *FO\}^i\-:- mercy. 

^F^ihi.'VV: adj. Vid. gBy^T'f " merciful 

OTj/h'ry^: and oxj'f^'t-giJ: inf. of d»l"ao: 
and'J'foiJ:: the sealing, printing, stamping; 
the seal, stamp, press, type. Vid. rfj't'aa ;; 

tJDfhT!?"^: s. instrument or place for printing, 
sealing, stamping; the press, type, seal, printing- 

f^ihKC,' inf- from (h^d.:: case, cover, envelope, 

e.g. of a book. 
o^dih^! the circular walk (rh.^: 2\di>K:) in 

which the threshing oxen 'tread out the grain 
from the ears: threshing instrument ; threshing 

"UAiOl: and onj-hO-}: s. uterus, the womb. 
Rad. d^m- Eth. 

ovipj^Q: s. teacher, instructor, master. 

"^9"tIC^'^: teacher-, instructor-, or master- 
ship; state and office of a teacher, master, in- 

auav^Cl: inf. of oo^i'i: and-ToiOArt:: the 
return, conversion. 


( 20 ) 

ouju'i.: ..."^Itf.: 

0000^1^ : s. the mefins, instrument, or place of 

return, restoration or conversion. 
aTj^l\\l: inf. of i'vt'DAin" "*'' worskippin(j 

or servingGod, dh'ine service, reH(jious exercises, 

religion. "IfJ-^'T: — : "the worship of 

idols," " idolatry." 
"o^^IaS,: s. present, presented by an inferior 

person to a superior. Ps. xlv. 12. Rad. 

cnj/\g: "to rise early." 
trotJijf^: inf. of "V^^^'- learning. 
trqtrqCz inf. of K"^ ill" pleasantness, agreea'ole- 

ness, loveliness, beauty. 
oooijil: s. i.q. autp^^Qy: a tool for tilling 

the gi-oimd, halchet (a spade might be called 

so, but they have none). Rad. o^f\:: 
ooeyn-f-^: inf. of onj-;: the beating, striking, 

OOfpi^z s. hammer (instrument of beating), 

that which is struck in stringed instruments, i.e. 

string, i.q. (DTC- 

crooD^'1-: inf. of 'I"OiJ^: desire, inclination, 
lust, appetite, appetency. 

ODCTOH^: s. weight (means for weighing). 
Rad. OOH5:: 

auaii'^"^: inf. of TtnjT'T" dispute. 

oijano^: inf. of 0f™9- apostacy, rebellion, 

«JO"IA: iof- of IM^:: painting, drawing, de- 
picting, description. 

ynwiA.: Vid. T^iliA.: 

oi)Uj/^c|>^: s. object of joking, playing, scorn. 

Nehem.'ii. 17. Rad.-rwiAl*: Vid. iUA^:: 

ooui^th: Ar. ^^ Heb. n;;dT3, the Messiah, 

the Anointed One, 6 Xpurros. 
ou^uffifiz Vid. ooflAfi" 
9^]^6.^: s. East, sun-rising, inf. Eth. of 

OOUJ^T: v.n. to ground, to found, lay a foun- 
•X'OUIXJ^'V- pass, to be grounded, founded. 

tniVJ^'^- s. foundation, ground. 1 Cor. ui, 11. 

ao^u£.^: inf. of IU<J."- the building, construc- 
tion, structure. 

omjjQy'' s. band, bond, tie. string, fetter, rib- 

band, bandage, ligament. Eph. iv. 6. 

axifXJ^: 2 Chron. xxxiv. 22. by a mistake the 
Hebrew HX^Q taken for a jjroner noun, 
whereas it signifies the double (building). 

«?nj^>k: s. 

«rou)CD£;^: for oo^fDCy: ?• ^'• 
ODju> andou/xKpO-V: s. offer, sacrifice, 

oblation, the animal to be offered. 
TDlUfly'^: s. j^loce of offering, altar. Rad. 

aaixiyz s. instrument and material for paint- 
ing. (W|A::) 

fo/xi'jQji'z s. Eth. net, lattice. Ex. xxxvii. 26. 
Rad. Eth. hl^ld,.: 

9"A"fn.C= s. Gr. pvarrjpiov. Kv.jSxu,^ Heb. 
JT^ripO. a secret, secresy, hidden, concealed 
thing, mystery, sacrament, doctrine, pi. 9^^*^ 
m.i.'t':: Deut. xxix. 29. 

""C- J'lA: v.a. (liter, to say "mar"), to jump, 
to leap, to spring. 

9"C= ?»A: Ezek. xxi. 6. fOQ,- particle indi- 
cating 6(7/pr?!eM, j/r;^/; therefore 'P^Qz T\tk- 
"to do with deep grief and bitterness." ^/OQ: 
•nAtJ9": nA.-X^O)^: T\£v^Cl: "wUh bit- 
terness lament before them." 

tm^.z V. a. to lead, guide, conduct. Eth. oruf^^^ ;; 
Tigr. OB^ih. :: inf. autpi^.-l- z Gen. 
xxiv. 27 : (D^: •ffO)'*?": o^'il.^: oa<5. 
^: "and he has led me to a straight way." 
Ex. xiii. 18. Ps. XXV. 6 : IKD'l-'rtI: l^iH- 
imp. "guide me in (or with) thy truth." 
troC^*J^U'= " ^ guided or guide thee." 
't'O^^.: pass, to be guided, led, conducted, n. 
to follow. 

tro^z s. leader, guide, conductor. Eth. and 
Tigr. ati<j.,h.:: 

*fO(^: s. chisel. 

1^^: V. n. & a. to have mercy, pity, compassion, 
to be merciful, to spare. Eth. *J^tii^' and 
o^did.:: Ar. U-j Heb. DHn. inf. ootjij 
C'.: •^ <i^ : " have mercy upon me," " be merci- 
ful unto me!" ^^^i'- "be merciful unto us!" 
1 Cor. vii. 6 : ^do^'^U'- "I would spare 



( 21 ) t"cro^.cro4: . . . aoi.6.\''t-. 

you." "I sympathize with," "feel for you." 
'hrm.rvtXib^O ^orj^ip; "may God have 
mercy upon you!" or merely ^inj^Cp: a 
civil expression which is addressed to a per- 
son when sneezing; as in Germany, " gesund- 
heit ! " " prosit ! " " your health ! " When a 
child sneezes, they say: ^«^^'"liJ: (or Jp«^ 
J^"lh :) " may He let thee gi-ow up ! " The 
answer is: jfi-^cp: "may He cause you to 
abide ! " " may He establish you 1 " instead of 
" I thank you." ^i"! H. J^fl di.C ■ JEo™J ^JJ) : 
is also a wish addressed to a diseased per- 
son ; and in addition: >»"lH.?».'fl<h.C= (°^ 
^RXI- IP-CPXl-) ^d.m-rtg): "may God 
(or 'St. George,' which is as frequent as 
* God ') cure or heal you ! " 
"t""^*^: pass, to receive or experience mercy ; 
to be an object of mercy, pity, compaasion, &c.; 
does not often occur, because it may easily 
be confounded with "Vo^^; fo learn. 
htl^^d,' caus. to induce, to move, to incline 
if) mercy, pity, compassion, favour. Rom. 
viii. 34: >»f;["t': ^tlT^d.TA- "he works 
out mercy for us." 
oq^: Amh. non occ. Eth. tiou«^: to teach. 
"t-trq^: V. pass, to be taught, i.e. act to learn. 
inf. KTJay£;: learning. ^•?"3Cfa>'J: 
^1S= 1?t^"2<i>All": "I learn the Amharic 
language." If: f «7"C'P^i': S.VP' ^ 
flto^Q ■ J\J&^A7^^ : " as he is yet 
learning, he cannot yet teach well." 
^fl't'Orq^J^: trs. to teach, instruct, inf. oijfi 
•fOfjQ', teaching, instruction, doctrine, fl 

instruct you in the Gospel." 

OT}Q: s. honey. 

ovi.ihj'V' s. guidance, conduct, direction, lead. 

oo^OD^: v. a. to inquire, search, examine, inf. 
aufnj£aii(^:: "the making inquiry ;"" in- 
quiry," " examination^ Ps. xi. 4: ^ono«^^ 
&.ti:: " they examine.'^ >5 J^'IjT : Jc^^'t^T" 
&.Ai "he examines into the (state of tlie) 
righteous." xxvi. 2 : o^C^d.^ : " search 
me out." 
•fOD^ao^: pass, to be inquired into, eia- 

TP.iued, searched, inf. ftncm^axiC.:: ^7« 
UCt^ 'Y'Oo^orDC^ "may my doctrine 
be examined I " 
t^^^iJ'^^d.- act. to search, in order to settle 
accounts (reward or punish). Ps. x. 13: 

" he says in his heart, thou wilt not search 
into (neither punish) it." Ezek. xxxiii. 6 : 

<5.AU': "his blood will I require at the 
seer s hands." v. 8. Gen. ix. 4. 

O^Cj^i' 3- an inquirer, searcher, examiner. 

zjuQtjTsf^: s. inquiry, researcli, examination. 

*}°C,1^6.: s. id. 

aii£jqp£^i s. Eur. marmor, marble. Alias Pfl 

4^: KTiy: an*^ ^th. Ifx'lW- H^^: hail- 
stone (on account of its whiteness). 
oo^^: V. n. to be bitter, inf. ouTU^^;.- 
•f-cro^^: pass, to be embittered with grief, 
to he grieved, sorrowful. Ezek. xxvii. 30 : 
■t-aa^Qj^ijti: ^^x^itC- "and embittered 
(with sorroic), they cry." inf. oocro^f^:; 
t\tV^^d,d? caus. to embitter, fo grieve, to 
excite to anger, to exasperate, to irritate, to 
vex, provoke, inf. tiqf^cro^(^:: Ex. i. 14 : 

\\^ " and they (the Egyptians) embittered 
(i.e. grieved) their (the Israelites'') soul." 
Ps. Ixxviii. 8 : fHirqOTj : ^Gpgi^: p^n 
^{\OU(^£fjU; " a perverted, provoking, and 
vexatious generation." v. 17 : A^AT 
9«: . . . : ?\flO"<i<.''if : "and they exaspe- 
rated the Most High." 
o^iQz a. bitter, and trop. provoking, grieving. 
f^^i.&.: s. bitterness, any thing bitter. Ex. xii. 8: 
"and unleavened bread" Yioo^.jj.: ^^,: 
" with bitter things." In apposition, it be- 
comes often an adject; e.g. Matt. xxvi. 75: 
"»i.(5.: A«fr«9»: JiA^rt: "and he wept 
a bitter weeping, crying." As adject, by 
itself, it is Ex. xv. 20: tm^.^,: iflic^r: 
"for it was bitter.'" 
o^c.^l't': s. bitterness, and trop. grief. Job 
vii. 11: niQ.rt.«?": aa^.i.1^: ?4A^«^A 
Ih: "in the bitterness of my soul, I cry, weep.' 


( 22 ) 

o^do-'Vi'V: . . . To»*;H: 

•"'i.O't': ifl- Prov. xxxi. 6 : "do not give 
mead or grapes" ni^'I^Oh: "o^.^'l" 

A<V: "to those that are in the bitterness of 
their soul." Isa. xxxviii. 17. 
on(^fl: a. Arab. ^L^i anchoring-phce, harbour. 
o^C/l^: inf. of'i^i^:: the furyetting, oblivion, 

o^dSt: s. plough. Deut. xxi. 3: fl'^Ji^'l'F': 
9™J^C= JPAr^rt-T-: Better: yn^^igu: 
nofj^?!: y/\^f\'-f-. "and which has not 
ploughed the field v.ith ?/;c plough.'" Rad. 
?t«;r!: inf. ag^fj:: 
*"'C*"i'*f'' ''• "'^ cootr under the saddle of a 

mule or horse. 
oiig^<p: v.a.fohks.?, i.e. j}ronounce a benediction. 
Not of God's blessing, where n dXi '• is used, 
inf. ootru^^:: e.g. ^on(^q>^: "pronounce 
a blessing over me." Tliis request is often 
made to priests ; also by servants when 
taking leave of their masters, in order to 
have their good-will and their prayers ac- 
companying them. 

"f-aa ff^'l* i pass, to have a benediction pro- 
nounced over oneself, to be blessed, benedicted. 
VfO^'p: s. broth, gravy, sauce. Isa. Ixv. 4. 
ODj^^: id. 

'JoQ<^:s.benediclion. Mark xii. 38 : T^Q^I: 
rt/\9D'^9ns: Y\,PtliW' " pronouncing 6ene- 
dictions and salutations." 
OWi.«i>: inf. of ^.'p:: the heingfar ojf, distance, 

9^i5.^: s. mucus, spittle. 
ff^C'P- s- the needle-like pointed termination 

of corn-ears. 
ao^-fl: s. net. 
ovQU-fi: id. Mark i. 16. 
avQt\'f\^: id. Eth. Hosea vii. 12. 
*fO^^ : s. bitterness. Isa. xxxviii. 1 5. Ezek. 

xxvii. 31. Rad. ao,^^:: 
OU(^^: s. the jumping, leaping, a jump, leap. 

Vid. aaC,: ?»A.-- 
cnj«f^^: s. dust, earth. 

aU'Q''l-:s. male parts of generation of animals. 
aqQi-lp: s. a sort of soothsayers, fortune-tellers. 
Deut. xviiL 11. 

*'**«^'l'5""t': s. dustiness, the nature of dust. 
*"><^:^•^: adj. of the nature of dust. fern. atJ 

^^.p-l,.. I Cor. XV. 47. 
^<^i1 : V. a. to take and carry anny captive in 
ivar, to plunder in war. inf. UDOij£»^:: 
Num. xxi. 1: YlC^-FfD-y^: y«CYT!: *^ ^tl: 
" and he carried (some) of them away captive." 
TO'J^Yl: pass. 

?iflO»J<^Yl : caus. to cause to carry away cap- 
tive (in war), tu cause to plunder. Jerem. 
xxix. 4: Y1P<.mA.v«: u)x- Hlin?"!: 
^f|i"J<i'hU"Vl: 'J^Cp- to those cap- 
tives (prisoners of war) whom I have caused 
to be carried away captive from Jerusalem 
to Babylon. 
•yC^Yi: s. captive, prisoner of war, plunder, spoil, 

captivity, exile. 
•^<I.'n.: s. plunderer, n soldier that plunders 
and makes captives. Judges ii. 11. Isa. xxi. 2. 
^^Cti-n-- s. ship. pi. cro^.Vl'n: and ou^Yl 
P-T'" HA — : "the owner (proprietor) of a 
ship."" P — : flOX': "sailor." P — : ?iH^[;: 
" captain." James iii. 4. Ar. i._,^i\^ "a ship." 
Heb. n?~l?2, •• a chariot." 

""CTnn'f : s. sailor. Ar. ^[^' 

I^CX*^- ^- "^ prisoner of ivar. 2 Chr. xxviii. 

11. Isa. xlv. 13. 
"D^YiH: or ofo^/YlCDH: v.a. <o support, sus- 
tain, by a staff or crutch. 
t-oo^t^H: pass. & refl. to be supported, to 
support oneself by a crutch or staff", to lean. 
2 Sam. i. 6: P^d^: 'V'^^C.'fl^li: 'il^P: 
1114= "was standing and /eonio*; on his 
lance." Prov. iii. 18: P'V^^^d,'t'l^H1''t' 
9": •J^fn-'i: idt-z "and he that /eons 
upon it, is blessed." 
OOCTri''H: s. crutch, a staff, wand, a stick for 
support in walking. Exod. xxi. 19. Eth. 

ffoCln^'H : 'H'fl'K: Tigr. hyainds staff, name 

of a plant. 
cnOj^H: v. a. to poison, envenom. 

'I'ao^j-I: pass, to be poisoned, take poison, 
poison oneself. 

"raC^H: •• • «o<5.7GR,: 

( 23 ) 

"°C.lfi' •' • ^^^ 

00(^11 : s. poison, venom. Deut. xxxii. 24. 

(^I'CM?''*: adj. poisonous, venomous. 

o^Cy- s. obsc. anus. Rati. 2\«5.:: 

aq£^_P9«: n. p. (I) Mary, the Holy Virgin. 
(2) Church of St. Mary. nt"JC.P9°: "by 
Mary ! " a form of adjuration in courtesy ; 
e.g. when you rise to receive a person who 
visits you, the comer is anxious to prevent 
this civility, and says ^l^^C^fyOl i,e. "by 
Mary! do not rise." In similar cases the 
same expression is used. KA"!": *"?C.P 
*P3: "enemy of Mary;" a title that persons 
like to give to each other when quarrelling, 
because an enemy of the Virgin is believed to 
be entitled to everj' sort of injuries. See 
more in Lud. Lex. Etli. s. v. 

ot><5.^'"r" Ar. i^J}jv pi. of sL<, looldny- 
glass, mirror. Isa. iii. 23. Amh. oyfjf {|)'1-: 

•"JCK- a neck-chain ; "chain which is hung 
round the neck." Gen. xli. 42. Ezek. xvi. 11. 

q«^_g-: and OD-n«f.^: s. a fde, a rasp. Ar. 
i^jL*. The soft n : passed over into a mere 

a\J£^'\': inf. of t^'S^:: helping, assliting ; help, 
asulitance, succour, aid. 

OO^VP'^: s. Eur. meridian, the meridinn]me. 

aa^'j: v. a. to besmear (with lime or with co- 
louring matter), to cement, to bedaub. Ezek. 
xviii. 15. 

t-oo^T: pass. Lev. xiv, 42: ^oo^J^oj^n; 
" and let it be bedaubed." 

Dia£^"|: s. a rock, large stone, seldom used. 

9"C"i" ^- ^'"^ cement, daubing. 

OXi^j\-, s. the smearer, dauber, cementer. 

(JuC^ffD; inf. of <»Tao: cursing, the curse. 

tmd^S^' s- iJ-dpay§o^, and commonly c/xa- 
paydoi, emerald. Rev. xxi. 11, 19. falsely 
for 2\J'fl^fl: "jasper." Is. liv. 12. for 

^JD^TCCj,: s. treading -pUice or instrument, there- 
fore wine-press. Rad. d^lW: inf. auCJ,^:: 
Matth. xxi. 33. 

"«<;.lEq,: id. from inf. G^in-V" 
Isa. xxi. 10. 

onC^Qj-. s. the finest sort of Abyss, robes 
(3^*5.: q-v.) being embroidered with a broad 
silk border. Rad. <ild.:: 

art^{X\: and oug^ft^; v. a. to choose, elect, select. 
inf. croTn^R*: and aiMja^*^; the choosing, 
choice, election. 'lf\"l\\,7vi\Ai,C,' 
OP'TS: fJ^Ci^VCt^'- "for God hath chosen 
Zion." Gen. vi. 2: poo^fll-^'i: U-/V: 
" whomsoever they chose." xiii. 11. Eph. i. 4. 
•|-ou^fn: and "V^^dJR.- pass, to be chosen, 
elected, selected, elect, &c. 

•jnf^nq,: adj. chosen, elect, selected. 

'f^C'V- ^'"C.i^- and *P*Cf-^- s. the election, 
choice, prrJeslinaiion; and adj. elect, choice, 
chosen, &c. Ps. xviii. 26. Cant. iv. 7. Vid. 

OTJ(^fBL: s. any means for sprinkling. Lev. 

xiv. 4. Rad. ^WL" 
ODf^tq,: s. course where any thing runs in. 

,2 Kings iii. 17: PffiTH : — : "bed of a 

river." Rad. dtn: 
crojTQj,^': inf. of ti^fXL" spmnkling, aspersion, 

Ex. XXX. 9. 
T^CK-: Vid. gn^cp:: 
axiQj^; s. needle. Gen. xiv. 23. 
901;^^^ :: the sitting at table, at meals, the meal, 

feasting, feast. V^C,^^- ?\A5t»: ' ruler of 

the/ea.v/," John ii. 8, 9. Rad. 4«5.«I»: " to sit 

at table," &c. 
ovQ^i^fpy-. s. pjlace where they sit at table, 

where the meal is held, dining-room (house). 

Luke XX. 46. "table.'" Had. ^^qf-.: 
cnj4^^^_P; s. place of rest, resting-place. Ps. 

cxxxii. 14. Zeph. ii. 6. 
onfi^i s. mXsse, an Abyssinian measure for so- 
lids, a little less than a gallon. Alias ^llf:: 

16 tro|\: make one Cfqj^^:: 
Ofjfii v. a. to dig, to break in or through, as a 

thief. Gen. xxvi. 15. Ex. xxxii. 2. 

"V^ tl ■ V. pass, to be dug. 

?ifl*"Jrt: to cause, or order to dig. 
orgfi: Jer. xvii. 1. probably for ffl: copper. 
gDi^ ; s. meal, chiefly the mid-day meal,, dinner. 

y^ilPl: >»nAAU': "I eat my dinner.'" 

Eth. and Tigi\ ^nilAi:: 

oof]/\: . .. "uflfn^y: 

( 24 ) 

o"rt^: . . . a^^lt^'iy: 

•"•rtA: V. n. to be similar, to rescmhlp, fo like. 

impers. with suff. pret. tiurtA"!: tJ: 

ira)': T"'r: &c. : "it seemed (or seems) to 
me," "to thee," "toliim," "toher,"&c. pres. 
JE"of|A^A: " it seems to me," " I suppose," 
"I believe." Ar. Ji^ Heb. ':3\r;p. 
T^J^rtA: pass, to be made similar, like, or 

resemJjling. Hosea xii. 10. 
J^fjonortA: caus. fo assimilate, to make to re- 
semble, render jirobable, and tliereoy to 
persuade and to deceive. 
?»f|cnJi^/\: id. cliiefly sensu malo: to de- 
ceive, by representing untruth as truth. 
1 Tim. iv. 2. 
•J^^OA.: s. likeness, similitude, resemblance, 
image, figure ; and meton. parable, example, 

representation, proverb. Vid.^ouiA: Ar. JjU, 

Heb. ht'O. 

— T 


9^nA: s. image, figure, resemblance. Ar. JJU. 

Lev. xix. 4. 1 Sam. xix. 13. Isa. ii. 16. 
tJ^i^A: s. tvlietstone, hone. Rad. «^A:: 
''"rtAA: and 00OA.A: s. stairs, ladder. 

Al. tmapm: cro(D'4g:: Ar. 1^ and jH. 
G: n. xxviii. 12. Ndiem. iii. 15. 
onfi/^fl: s. a measure of solids, containing 

twelve oa|\:: 
O^jflAl.: and OUflAi." s. representative, lieu- 
terumf, of a king or prince. Comp. of croj^^ : 
like, and "iFti,: I ; i. e. like me. Dan. ii. 48. 
tnJ07»: inf. of i^cjro:: the kissing, a kiss. 
auf}axtQ: s. line, rule. 
aof\ax3(^y: s. a ruler, instrument for making 

■lines or rules. 
uuiiai}Qy: s. pasturage, place for grazing and 

piisturing. Num. xxxii. 2. 
trofiaoQ^: id. Job xxxix. 4. Rad. rtowj^:: 
ouflinj'l": inf. act. of fio^:: hearing, sense 

and act of hearing, esp. answer to prayer. 

ao^arj-'i-. inf. pass, of Ttl^l" hearing (i.e. 

the being heard), answer to prayer. 2 Chr. 

xxxiii. 19. 

tnjfimi'l-: inf. of ?irtorq:: sorcery, witchcraft. 

t^oftw^JP: s. hearing ; sense, faculty, organ, in- 

strument, place and act of hearing. 2 Sam. 
xxii. 45. 
""ll^: Deut. xviii. 11. Perhaps a sott of 

^nflC: s- coll. lentils. Tigr. 'nCS\'^" 
y^flC' ^^' s- a kind of wind-instruments. 

Lev. XXV. 9. 
^Di^f-; s. a hatchet, used instead of our axe. 

Deut. xix. 5. 
7°fld: m. — ^-f:: fem. Egyptian, instead of 

y"A"d :: 
•"jfiC- s- a common earthen boiling-vessci, 
used for any sort of kitchen-work. Ezek. 
xlvi. 14. . Rad. Krt^:: 
""rt^iCJ?" s. 1 Kings vi. 31. I do not know 
what tliis word signifies. From its deriva- 
tion from tlie Eth. t\^d,' to lay a founda- 
tion, it should be the same with ou lU £^""1' : 
foundation, and this passage ^i'Tofl't': "^ 
l^4C^: ^AO-V: oog-^Vl : would then be 
" a post, or posts, ivhich had five foundations.'^ 
For the Amharic |*| ^^ : being used for riding 
and sailing, it cannot be the root of this 
o^fl<*: inf. of fld^t*:: the stealing, a th(ft. 
"ofl^.""r: inf. of rtd.:: '/"■ working, work, cul- 
tivation, culture. 
^^^6\^: s.Gal.v. 20. Either like oortjJi'l': 
the state and mind of a o^t\i,: (fj.v.) or 
some sort of spiritual impurity. 
ooi^Cy: s. (1) as if it was Di;uj£^_p.. from 
hW^: to bind. Any place whei-e camels, 
mules, or horses are tied (and unloaded). 
(2) i.g. oof|^._p: q.v. Vid. 1 Chr. xxix. where 
it stands for o«A"<;.^: sigifying malericilsfor 
building. Amos vii. 7 ; P^^flC^^y: t?D/yYl 
_P: "measure for measuring the building." 
'^^tli-y^ s. instrument and materials with 
wliich, or a place where, any work (tl6.:) is 
done ; therefore, instrument, organ, tool, work- 
house, fabric, manufactory, laboratory, &c. 
Rad. fli.:: 
o^tli.^: idem. Rad. ?irt^.: trs. 
^ '^CJ''- Ezra vi. 4. instead of "«(*|<J, P; a. v. 
f^^i^'iy: s. burnt-offerinn. h\ this, as in the 

trofi^^: . . . avfi'fifinyi ( 25 ) 

ooil-"f : .. . ourtl^^: 

Hebrew Tt7)}, the idea of ascending to the 
altfjr (Eth. Vd.1: like the&brew rh^) pre- 
vails. Num. XV. 2-1. 1 Sam. xiii. 9. 

ODflx <5.: s. vulgar Arab. L-)^ change-money, 
and money in general. Ezra vii. 20. 

yfofif^: s. posi, beam, wooden pillar, mast. 
Exod. xxvi. 26. Isa. xxii. 23. 

oq«lrtn.^: s. excitement to thinkincj, memorial. 
Rad. Ki^rtn:: Vid. ^^nn:: 

trofl'PA: inf. of rt'I'A:: the lianging, esp. 
crucifixion (of Christ), cros.s, crucifix. P — : 
OA'^T': '-f. "c/«!/ of the cross, or Crucifixion," 
(1) " Good Friday" (2) " Friday" in general, 
as day of remembrance of Christ's cruci- 
fixion; (3) more especially the festival of the 
invention of the cross by Helen, mother of 
Constantine. p — : ^inT: " cross-flower" a. 
flower which usually blossoms about the 
time of the latter festival, i.e. middle of 
September, and the whole of the plant is 
burnt on the festival. P — : PG^'. & certain 
red and beautiful bird, called 'Cross-bird'' 
by the Abyssinians. 

;^aoi^«|»A: V. denom. to suspend, hung, 
crucify. 2 Sam. xxi. (i. 

oijfi'lJiro'P: inf. of ?ifl<l»£™ni:: the setting 
(i.e. making to sit) down. PW^i — : 
" looseness of bowels," " diarrhoea." 

oiif|'|>Jp: s. peg, piece of wood stuck into the 
wall, to hang things on. Any tiling which 
serves for this purpose. 

°^fl4*""r"r : inf- of ?ifl't»™") :: the exciting to 
anger, exasperation, irritation. 

t^^rt'O: inf. of 2\rtn: the thinking, reflection, 

•"jr*"!!: and qui^-rfi; s. a straw basket, wide 
above and narrow at tlie bottom, having a 
flat rim below to stand upon, into which they 
put their thin cakes of bread : a bread-basket, 
(diSerent from 'I>9"'nccL: q-v.) 

orort'flrt'n: inf. of rtnrtfS:: the gathering, 
collection. PA'fl : — : "devotion." 

frofi-flrt-fl^P: s. place where, or vessel in 
which, or instrument by which, any tilings 

are collected. P(D^:i:—- -the collection, 

reservalorij, of water." 
ooi^."!-: inf. of flT: the erring, failing, error. 
Ofifi^: inf. of ?i"lT: misguidance, seduction. 
^nfl't-is. a tick, or insect which lives upon 

animal matter; found generally in the 

earth, and also on several animals. Tigr. 

ai)fi'l-at]ry: s. place ^nd means for instruc- 
tion; i.e. school, school-material, school-hook, 
&c. Had. riflTo^dL" 

oufiT'^tlA: a. Eth. gracious. Ex. xxxiv. 6. 

mjfl-l-uf^^: a. Eth, scornful, the scorner, 
mocker, derider, scoffer, hanterer. Prov. xxi. 1 1 ■ 

o^flTfl^.P: and inf. ^mfltfl^X"- s- recon- 
ciliation, and meam of reconciliation; expia- 
tion, mercy-seat, throne of grace, offering for 
reconciliation. Ex.xxv. 17. Rad. ?vf|Tf84P = 
Vid. rt4P:: 

"oflTflC^- ^'^J- conciliating, conciliatory, dis- 
posed to be reconciled. Ex. xxxiv. 7. Nehem. 
ix. 17. 

of'jfSJ'rtn.y : and (njfi:Ml'f1JP: s- memorial, 
a means of reminding. Had. 'f\Cl^fltl'- Vid. 

"^fll"*? A : inf. of ^iflTT A " comprehension, 

iqflt'CD't': and sometimes oijfi^P'^: s. 

looking-glass. The Abyssinians use so to 
denominate every glass-table aiid glass- 
window, not being used to articles of glass. 

oofif: s. canal, channel, ditch, aqueduct. Ex. 
vii. 19. 

owfi£: MusANNA, s. Tigr. -nrtr: a tree, grow- 
ing chiefly on the eastern confines of Tigre 
and the Shoho country : its bark is taken as 
a powerful remedy against the tape-worm. 
The Shohos call it'Tl-ou^:: Vid. f« 1^"- and 

o«fiS.:and cnojiw^j,: 2 ICings xx. 14. 2 Chr. 

xxxiv. 22. Vid. au^w^:: 
oiJrt^: V. n. to be miserable, frail, feeble. Ps, 

cvii. 17. 
•rortl'?*: s. a stringed instrument, harp), lyre, 


oursrVl^: . • . l^flO: 

( 26 ) 



O^rtrYl^: s. place and means far stumblin;/, 
stumbling-block, trop. offence. Rad. "f l^f 
YlA:: Vid. niTRA" 

O^rirVlJP: id. trs, Ezek. xi. 18. 

0"fll<{.: s. a cloth which is wound round the 
liead or the loins, botli sharvl and girdle or 
scarp. Ex. xxviii. 39. 

U^iWx:: 7»il0:: Vid. •F'M'X:: 

•"'flil: s. a grassy place, meadow, pasturage. 

tn>«rt,1r| : s. viunic, any musical instrument. 

•roj^^l: s. musk. P— : 7\x-"^- " ^5'^ 'musk 
rat," which is frequent at Massowali, and at 
other places on the coast of the Red Sea. 

OO-flVbArfl: s. Eur. muscle. 

wrtYl^: V. a. to testify, be witness, give testi- 
mony. O^ClTi^fV^- "he testified for him, 
(in his favour)." — n ""f : " he testified against 
him,'" or " witnessed a thing." 
•t-auj^Yl*!^" pass, to be witnessed, or con- 
firmed by witnesses. 
2\f|CTOrtYl<^: trs. & caus. to cause another to 
witness, to bring in witnesses. 

9^flYlC.'. s. in. & n. witness, testimony, and 

f^f^flYldfP^- MASKARRAM, s. the fivst Abyssi- 
nian month, beginning the 10th or 11th of 
our September, and continuing to the same 
days in October. 

*F^(lViQyi"- s. state and deposition of a witness, 
testimony. Isa. liii. 1. 

O^flVl't': s. Eth. pi. *lDil'n^">:: any opening, 
artificial hole ; or artificial cavity in a wall, 
generally used for our ivindow (a thing which 
is not common in Abyssinia). 

•?isf|Yl,T: s. & adj. Eth. and Ar. poor, destitute, 
object of pity, generally used as an expression of 
pity and compassion. Ps. xxxv. 10. Isa. Ixvi. 2. 


J^oortYlfl): V. a. to ruminate. Lev. xi. 3. 
*'**'rt.0>'9'*: s. Eur. museum. 
tmfKDC,: inf. of fl(S)d,-- hiddenness, secresy. 

Job xxviii. 11. 
°^fl(DC,y ' s. means and jjlace to hide any thing, 

retirement. Gen. iii. 7. 
7°ttO: Vid. g^M^T^:: 

"'Ji^HT: inf. of ?iOlHV:: griff, mortification. 
trs. i.e. the grieving, mortifying, which one 
causes. Vid. 2\Hi:: 

'P^^^'. s. & adj. (1) a person or thing that is 
resembling (Rad. oort A :) ; therefore (2) ge- 
nerally, kind, species. When applied to per- 
sons, it is often used ironically with con- 
tempt; e.g. Prt(D': — : "something like a 
man" i.e. "not really a man," "a contemp- 
tible man," "afellow" insensumalo. PPCii 
y^il^: "a kind of birds." 

"^r!P"T: s. Eur. Mission, the Missionary cause 

onoi^^.n:: inf. of Ti^^fl:: calumniation, in- 
veighing, abusing, railing, calumny, blasphemy. 
Vid. n.i^n:: 

•^"^^Ki : s. a vagabond, rover, a useless 

^i^RR- iiif- of i'l'lKK" persecution. Vid. 

w^'lg"]: inf. of Ki^J^T: the training, educa- 
tion, bringing up. Vid. ?ig*l:: 

uqi^j^°j_p: Si means and place for training 
8zc., institution for training young persons, 
seminary, boarding-school, &c. 

""rt'll: V. n. verbale, derived from Til: g.v. 
to be glorious, praiseworthy, to be glorified, 
praised, &c. X'lH.h'nrh.C: ,P""fl'n: 
" God be jyraised, glorifed !'''' Gen. ix. 26. The 
usual form of expressing thankfulness to God, 
both in divine worship and in common con- 
versation, like "tliank God!" or "I am thank- 
ful," &c. ; e.g. KUf^qtJ'J: " Have you (hast 
thou) passed the night well?" the same as 
our "Good morning ! " Answer, yi°lH.?'i'll 

di.C: .PLO^ftTl:: ^Ur^ryi: "Thank 
God!" "Have you slept well?" then the 
same is, with some variation, repeated over 
and over again, to nausea. 
^i^oO|*ni: V. a. to honour, glorify, return 
thanks, thank, to praise, to distinguish (with 
honour), inf. mjcrortTi:: An expres- 
sion not unfrequent in sliowing grati- 
tude towards persons is 7ii"lH.?i'nflt.C: 
_poDf|"|'liJ: "may God glorify thee!" 

ToortTl: . . . 2\<nih: 

( 27 ) 

?ifl"«n: .•■ "^HA: 

J^jpaTJrt"rt^9": "he does not praise me," 
"does not acknowledge (my merits, ser- 
vices, &c.)" An expression of complaint 
of servants over their masters, &c. 
•j'Oort'lS: pass. inf. outrortT^:: 
?ifl*'^rtli= caus. and trs. to cause another 
to be glorious, to glorify, honourably distin- 
guish, confer upon and attribute excellency 
&e. to another. Ex. viii. 22. inf. nqflt^" 


'/"fl^f : s. glory, f raise, thanks, thanksgiving, 
song of jtraise, &c. 

^P^fll'^i- adj. praised, glorious, glorified, praise- 
worthy, blessed ; and, in the Amliaric trans- 
lation of the Bible, often for happy. Ps. i. 1. 

O'ofn.lcj;': inf. of 1^1 j^:: the boimng to a person 
in token of reverence, reverence, courtesy ; but 
chiefly prostration before God or man, &c. 

•"jflT^K"- ^- Ar. SsA^, place of worship for 

Mohammedans, Pagans, and Jews. 
CFOfn^: s. place where, and thing whereon to 

prostrate oneself ; e.g. "a carpet," "mat," &c. 

Ex. xxiv. 4. "place of worsliip" Isa. Ixv. 4. 
o^rtril'"!': inf. of rtfn:: the giving, donation, 

presentation, gift, present. Ex. xxviii. 38. 
fX»ri<5.C^ •• s- ^ measure. Gen. xviii. Rad. 

Tllrl.Ci'' s- object, means, or place of dis- 
honouring. Rad. Tv^ti^d,-- Vid. T\d.^-- 
•J^ifdS.CJ? '• s- object and means of terrifying. 
Ezek. xxix.9. B.vid. T'iti&.&.r. Vid. ^^:: 
0'^fl<5.3^: s. axel, puncher, punch, bodkin. Rad. 

f\^: " to sew." Ex. xxi. 6. 
«"f|^T: s. Eth. pl.cra«^^1-T:: prince,ruler. 
Num. xxiv. 17. Prov. vi. 7. OD^d^^j^: ou 
•1^11': Ethiopic title of "the Book of 
oofj: V. n. to be evening. ^^C.: o^h" it 
is evening. 

^oofj : V. a. to pass the evening, e. g. ^iJ 
fooh^'lhT: (for ^tlf: ^lOoh-TlhlO 
"have you passed the everdng well?" or, 
" have you entered upon the evening well .^" 
instead of our "good evening.'''' Answer: 

«T: or— HhT: or— fiT: or— h^ 
IJhT : according to the person or persons 
meant by the suffix. "God be praised! 
have you passed the evening well?" Then 
follows a whole series of repeated alter- 
nate salutations. The time when this form 
of .salutation begins, is after sun- set, and 
continues so during the night. 
J^fjtroil : caus. to cause to pass or spend the 
evening. nS.iii'-- J?ft «« h O) : " may he 

Oe-ytink-niKC.-) <■«««« yo" (^^^ ^^' 

spectable, honourable persons) to pass the 
evening v;e]\" a form of expression used 
when parting with each other before and 
not long after sun-set : our " good evening ! " 
tn/j^^: MASHELA, s. Indian-corn, Turkish-corn, 
ma'is. PHAiC: — : the Egyptian species of 
that grain. They have a great variety of it 
in Abyssinia. In Tigre they have the follow- 
ing sorts: (1) "l^^n.A': GE^SBIL00, is not 
white, and is used for brewing beer. (2) /\_p 
G)C^' AJtwARDA, is mixed red and white, and 
is used for making bread. (3) *P^: wats'X, 
is perfectly white. (4) ^jKtt»: KAiicno, 
is quite red. (5) 90^.: o^fJA: tsaeda 
MASiiELA (i.e. white mashela), is not so white 
as the wats'a. In Shoa the following sorts 
are found : (1) (Dlt!^. waggare. (2) "JCI^: 
GORONDJO, with large fruit. (3) P'h'P' ' "K 
V£v. YAK^uM EHHEL, has a long stalk, and is 
white. (4) tCli^^'t" : tch'arak'it, perfectly 
white. (5) *}»fnf^: katt'ato, is mixed 
white and red. (6) Hl^^: z^vngada, is red. 
(7) ?\tp.^.: atchera, short stalk and large 
fruit. (8) IfA.^: KoLiY, long, red, and 
good for beer. (9) _^T«i,: Jattare, stalk 
long ; the fruit not as the other mashela, like 
grapes, but hanging on separate hairs or 
threads. (10) T4^<^^: tekuerlta, is 
black, has an agreeable smell, and is good 
for bread. (11) >i£J,: ?»je.^ri : eff ailusii. 
(12) au'jrp^: mantsha're. The HrhQ: 
"^JIA: is not reckoned with these soi-ts, 
but considered as separate. The Abyssinians 
prefer the white mashela to the rest. 

ot»|Timj-"t-: . . . ooJlpT": 

( 28 ) frtjjl^p:^f^m: 

■oofiffO'V: inf. of JT^'r: and Thf^T" ""' 

buying and selling, trade, commrrrp. 
*"*i'io«3p: s. subject, means, nnd place of trade 
and commerce, therefore (1) merchandise ; 

(2) money or barter, as cJUTt-f: and OTi«7& :: 

(3) shop or other place of commerce. 
^pX\d,'• V. n. to be bridegroom or bride, to 


f»'h<5.: s. bridegroom. 0O'ri«5.P.'t:: bride. 

9t»i^(^: s. a disease of tlie glands of the 

trohtt: and ooj^fj'^t-: inf. of hil: to flee, re- 
treat ; the fleeing, flight, escape. 

O^fl"!: s. flight, retreat, place of retreat. 

^^^'(\^'^^' s. place of retirement, hiding-place, 
asylum. Not being accustomed to pockets in 
clothes, the Abyssinians called our pockets 
also mashashagyaii, i.e. "hiding-place for the 
things which a person carries with him.'" 

Onri'*l': Eth. and Tigr. evening; sometimes 
used in Amh., where 'you have more com- 
monly trq^:: 
oufi^i s. place where the evening and the night 
is passed, lodgings, inn, tavern. Act. xxviii. 15. 
It is used for translatins: the Ar. Ljl^=- as 


from ^Ls- khan, karavanzerTii, &c. 


ooi^'^: inf. of "K"!— u-ant, need, requisite, ne- 
cessaries, desire, request. 
9^iTl": s. u-ife, married woman. 
"^ttfi: n. pr. Ar. translation of ^jj^j Z'.'iis. 

^5jiJo (purchaser) : so the Arabs call Jupi- 
ter's sfcir. Vid. Acts xiv. 12. 
ooi'i'l-'l': inf. of hTT: odour, smell (emis- 
sion of smell). 
aqfj-l">: inf. of hX\'\"V- smelling, smell, i.e. 

sense of smelling. Vid. fj TT : : 
oufj'}: and crafil: s. fan, uinnowing-shovel. 

Matt. iii. 12. Isa. xxx. 24. 
aoillri9"JP: s. hand-barrow, any instrument 

for carrying things. Yid.'fl'fl""" 
tnjY\hj1ri''f. inf. of Kr^tl""!" the neighing of 

horses, the clucking of hens. 
au^pV.- inf. of ■V''^PlIi"- H"^ buying and 
selling, commerce, trade. 

•"Jh^: s. glue, lime. 

"«^i>r*^.: s. pocket. Bl. 

ooJXT: inf. of ti,(V\:: the selling, sale. 

O'^n^i': s. covering, curtain, veil. Ex. xxxiv. 33. 

aO'»!>: adj. tvarm. 
au^fp:: s. paste, cement. 

o^^:: a sack, large hag, made of coarse cloth; 
a kind of black and very coarse woollen cloth 
made in Abyssinia, the only species of their 
wool manufactures. Gen. xxxvii. 34. In 
Shoa, it is called 'HT'lt'" 
qofj*: v.n. /o/jezcarm. Ps. xxxix. 3. 

J\qn«|>: v. trs. to make warm. 
fTOfpf^rfo^i s. a large knife. Gen. xxii. C. 
oo'l'A'nA'n : probably a gale of wind, gust, 

OD^A"^: s. a convex earthen plate used as a 

cover foi' the ou")'J: ^. t-. 
f^^^A*^: s. instrument and place for melting, 
founding, crucible, foundry, &.C. Rad. ^AfTl" 
^^^'I^^A&JP: s. instrument for shutting up, lock- 
ing up, lock, key. Ex. xxvi. 5, it stands for 
loop, and it is also generally used for button 
and button-hole. Rad. ^ti^-- 
aD«i>ao«|»: makmvk'o s. the yellow, bitterish 
root of a plant which, together with cori- 
ander-seed and onions, is put into butter when 
melting, in order to preserve it from becom- 
ing- stroncr and untastable. 
crD^«^_P: s. place where, or means whei'eby 
any tiling A/anc/s. PGp;^: mi^ipjy: Eccl. 
ii. 6. " pond,' " pool,'" " marsh," " mire." Rad. 

aotpSMJfJj,: s. (1) seat. Ex. xxv. 13. wrongly 

for ooj^Yl9"^:: (2) buttocks (as means of 

sitting). Rad. •fTt^Ofn:: 
ilo^WJQft- : s. punishment, chastisement. Gen. 

xii. 17. Rad. «I>UI<5.:: 
ao^Q^QYiS. {\) small fire-tongs. (2) In 

Shoa, a small anvil ; tongs being called p"^ 

^: fLH: "the hand's substitute." 
ao^^T-j: fem. — Hf: s. candle-stick. Ex. 

xxv. 31. 
ao^^tSl: s. instrument or place for engraving^ 

ao^^OEt,: . . . inj4>^^9ii: 

( 29 ) 

tro^K^J?' • • • "^"^y- 

stamping, minting, the mint, stamp, engrav- 
ing tool, &c. Rad. «r<i^m: or «1><;X:: 

tro^^^fXl,: s. cutting instrument, knife, and 
place where things are cut. Rad. ^d.iii-' 

mj^j^cq,: id. P— : (D'i'li: "cutting valley," 
" valley of decision,''' Joel iii. 14. Rad. "f S 
4m:: Vid.4»"«^m:: 

ot>^^^Q,y: s. waistcoat, jacket . 

tnJ«I>fl: s. Ar. ^^^oLo, scissors. Jer. xxxvi. 23. 

oii4Hi|^<| s. poker. 

antpfpy: s. kitchen, and kitchen-utensil. Rad. 
•f^A: Ezek. xlvi. 23. 

t"'«J>f)^: inf. of "T'lTIA" reception, receipt, 

"^'PflAy: and more generally »u^nj?: 
means and instrument for receiving. Rad. "t" 

OO^'flC" ^- 'omft, grave, sepulchre, hurying- 
place. Gen. xxiii. 4. Rad. ^n<i" ■'^'"- j^ 
Heb. -in,-;. 

O^'I'nC^: s. any </i»)^ used for burying, and 
hurying-grnund. Gen. xxiii. 20. 

ao'tl)^: s. warmth. Rad. qD<|>:: 

cnj<^-"j-: s. chisel. 

00^-5 : s. door-posts. — f : o^J^d^^ : "door- 
2}0sts with threshold and sill." Ex. xii. 7. 
Nehem. iii. 1. 

OD«I>^-"l': s. girdle, belt, sash. 

V^'Pit adj. & s. stubborn, refractory, perverse, 
contumacious, peevish. Rlicah ii. S. 

^''^ji^^s. stubbornness, refractoriness, ob- 
stinacy, perverseness, cnntumnr.y, peevishness. 
Phil. i. 16. 

*"iTH6.: Ar. ^^^ rudder. Mark -vi. 48. 

004''"^: s. frying-pan, gridiron, any instrument 
for roasting, frying, &c. Lev. vi. 21. Rad. 

anqygrfoz inf. •f^^on; the being before, pre- 

•J^^^fi : inf- of •PJ^l'l :: sanctifying, sanctuary. 
Ex. XV. 17. 

*"'*l»K'l: id. Amos vii. 9. 

imqt^i^ffn: inf. of T'T^K'?": ^''e endea- 
vouring to he before one another, to outdo one 

another, emulation, contention. Rad. "I'^OW:: 
mj^lj^g^y: s. the Abyssinianizcd i_JiJl« rud- 
der. Ezek. xxvii. 6. 
tra^&: instrument or vessel for drawing water 
OT any other fluid, bucket. John iv. 11. Rad. 

av^dlCy- s- instrument for counting, esp. 
rosary, i.q. ao^ltfo^:: Pt\^^: —" 

" instrument for counting hours," i.e. waich or 

clock, &c. 
au^'Y'i: s. fishing-hook. Rad. 3>mi:: Matt. 

xvii. 27. Job xl. 25. 
onj^fHy: s. means for burning, fire-brand, fuel 

Rad. T^'mA" 
'^S'fn^: means and jpZace for making fire. 
Lev. iii. 1 1 . Num. xxviii. 10.: P — : od UJ 
a>'^: "the burnt-offering altar." 2 Chron. 

xxix. 18. Rad. i\g>mA:: 
cm«JH.|5^^_p: s. tool for, digging, tilling the 
ground; which, in Abyssinia, is a hook, mat- 
tock: inEvLTO^e, a. spade, shovel. Rad. 4*~d.«^" 
ooq : s. bloodless offering, Eth. aan>» : munus 
sacrum quod ad altare affertur. Ps. li. 19. 
Lud. Rad. n%>t- Eth. Heb. «ia Ar. ^b 
"to enter." 
f^TJA: s. food, nourishment, meat. Rad. flA:: 
o^ntVY". s. widow. Eth. >vn,iv./^'». . 
OD'fiA^: inf. of flA: the eating, food, meat. 
fiv-f\d.^:s. lightning. Tig. nC*;^:: -^.r. j_^ 
Heb. p-^l. Ex. ix. 23. 

' T T 

*^0'U&.^: s. light (Jnmen). E.x. xx. 18. inf. of 
flO'.' common people often misplace the con- 
sonants, saying OBf^ci'V:: 

'"J'fl<5.'Y': inf- of T\S\&.:: illumination. 

"^nCJ?: s. means for giving light, therefore 
i.q. oa-n^.-!-:: ptrot^YlP-f : o^nC.^: 
or ptrot;TnP^: ^nC.^: "l^f^-fl: light- 
house for ships. 

oii'fj«|>_p : s. place where any thing grows, Jer. 
xxvi. IS. Rad. ni^A: 

aoq^:: s. P(DC: — = new moon. Num. x. 10. 
Rad. Eth. n^'iS:: 

ooq^'j: s. the sudden starting from sleep. 

^"''11^: s. means, place, and subject of eating. 

om^ : . . . OD-i-tnjaij-Y-; 

( 30 ) 

«ro"*|'0ij'^ct: . , . ooj-fl)^: 

•njj-: v.a. to beat, strike, k-nocL Gen. xii. 17. 
J^j^l: ^'TO^A: "he knocks at the door." 
inf. mupj-j'-'i':: 

1-oo^ : pass, to he beaten. 

i^P^'J"- used Isa. iii. 16, of a certain motion 

of the feet, to mince. 
"torq-J-: used o{ the iremhling of the knees, to 
knock against eacli other, Dan. v. 6 ; also of 
the chariot, to roll awaij, Nahum ii. 4. 
;^^f^iro^: caus. to cause to strike,' beat, &c. 
on-^: hundred, oo-f-: Vi^ui^: or oo-^: ^ 

7"«1: "one hundred and fifty." 
OO""!-: coutr. from «7«(D'-'l': adj. Scs.dead. 

pi. OD^J^'J: Gen. xxiii. 13. 
•n^^: grandmother on tlie mother's side, the 

'mother s mother. 2 Tim. i. 5. 
o^J": s. evening. Gen. i. 5. 
o^^: s. watchman in the streets. InShoa,the 
guard is called so, who has to watch the 
entrance to the capital in the king's absence, 
in order that no person enter or leave it 
without permission from the king's repre- 
sentative : also those watchmen who watch, 
during the king's absence, the streets of the 
capital by night, in order, principally, to pre- 
vent the wives of his soldiers, thus left alone, 
from being seduced. They are to allow nobody, 
except little children, to be seen in the streets 
after sun-set and during the whole night. 
fefo-fi': a. death. Gen. ii. 17. Heb.niQ Ar. 

qo'l': \.n. to die. Gen. ii. 17. Heb. n^J3 Ar. 
cLU Eth. OUS^-T:: 

9" J" A: s. Eur. metal. 

awi-/\f\Q^y: s. jmssage, open wag, main road. 

. Often with 00^7^:: pouTI^: «"TAA 
^^: "passage of the road." Matt. xxii. 9. 
Prov. ii. 15. Cant. ii. 9, it is used, wrongly, for 
"lattice-work." Rad.TAA.^" Vid.hAd.:: 

9"'"rrh'r: s- (0 spectre, apparition, phantom, 
hobgoblin. Matt xiv. 26. (2) nervous head- 
ache, megrims. (3) continued fever. Slioa. 
av\-UTjai}^^ : passionate temper and disposition, 
sul)jection to the dominion of passions. Rad. 
foooo : and ^fuiiai} -.: Vid. ^troao:: 

tm^tnfi^^: Eur. mathematics ; mathematical. 

oo^oti'}: inf. of •J^au\: confidence, trust. 
Vid. ?\005: 

OD^otil': object of confidence. Ps. xl. 4: "X"! 
H?v'fl(kC: oo5-oijf'(|>ii: p\y\: "tbe ob- 
ject of whose confidence is the Lord," i.e. " he 
that trusts in the Lord. 

"^'"t'CJ^A.ji'T: Gr. fxcTpo-KoKtrri^. metropolitan. 

oa-^tX-fl: inf of^lin: (Vid. ?irtfl:) remem- 
brance, recollection, memory, commemoration. 

""^-rtn.;?: and t^^^Jftl-il^ : s. memorial, 
monument. Synon. with mi'^rt'IlJP: which 
being derived from the causative ?i"Tlrtn;. 
signifies a thing which reminds you ; whereas 
ooj-j^-fl^p:, from its passive origin, denotes 
a thing by which any person, event, or thing, 
is remembered. Ex. xxviii. 12. 

t"i'"r'3'A' s. Ar. Jlixo a weight, a sum of 
money, ducat, sequin. Gen. xxiii. 15. for the 
Heb. h^VJ, 
oij'f--fl: Eth. D™JOT'n: s. sign, mark, especi- 
ally thatmorA of Christian profession by which 
the Abyssinian Christians distinguish them- 
selves from non-Christians, and widch con- 
sists in a cotton or silk cord hantjin"; on their 
necks. They prefer a blue silk cord to any 
other ; but in Shoa, where silk is rarer, they 
content themselves with even v;hite cotton. 
inj-f-^: s. a stand, properly for the mead- or 
beer-jar, standing on which the beverage is 
emptied. Exod. xxv. 27. it is impro])erly 
used instead of U^tlf*: "carrying-pole." 
OB^-t": s. i.(p cro-"i-(j,-t-: used in Shoa for 

continual fever. 
oxi'l'Yiy: s. plug, peg, esp. tent-pjeg. Ex. xxvii. 
V 19. Rad. tYIA:: 

*"J'l7(pfl : D. pr. Matthew. Every first year of 
the Abyssinians' four-years' cycle is called 
Matthew, in honour of the Apostle, whom 
they probably consider as that year's tutelar 
saint. The other three are called nftcn- the 
three other Evangelists. St John is patron 
of the leap-year. 
OD^O)^: and ouj-tpo)^: inf. of ^(D'p: 
and ^Tfl)*!*: acquaintance, friendship. The 

'CTP-)- or 




( 31 ) 

"":JA^: • • • 9"'l: 

objcctof theAbyssinians' firstvisi't, which they 
pay to any person, is to apply for oo^(D«J»: 
or oo^qpcD^: with him. Rad. ^i®"!*:: 

OD^HTrt: inf. of ^HH: obedience, submission. 
Vid. ?iHH:: 

cro^'_|jf|: inf. of ^^fl:: renewal, renovation. 

••"^fD^*^: s. fjirdle, belt, sash. Ex. xxviii. 4. 

Rad. :^m'|>:: Vid. ml':: 
on^fD'flJP: and nn^«Kic»: c. wash-basin, 

wash-pot. Ex. xxxviii. 8. Rad. ^I'Kfl: Vid. 

ff^^^^: inf. of 't**}^:: spitting, vomiting. 
OD^:: OD^:: and ou'-y-:: adv. when? >ij*l 

Yl : — : " till whenf" "how long?" Ex. x. 3. 

Job vii. 4. 
9^'f'^: and to'}^^: s. pot, earthen pot or 

jar. Ex. xvi. 3. 
o^^TnC,P= s. nail, and nailing instrument. 

1 Chr. xxii. 3. Rad. ^iYl«^:: 
*ro^Vb-A: inf of ^Yl^A: the hasting, haste, 

speed, diligence. 
"^'iA.'t*: MAiiELih', Eth. s. song, hymn, music. 

2 Chr. vii. 6: P — : "5^3* : musical instrument 
and instruments, ^t: •'T? A.^: the outmost 
partition of the Church, where the congre- 
gation assembles ; corresponding to our nave, 
and consisting in a circular space surround- 
ing the OD^^fl: where the priests are. 
This ajso forms a circular space which 
surrounds the Holy of Holies, ^^fl: 4'jP, 
""n : where tlie t;vbot with the holy vessels 
is found." The form is this : 

N. door. 

tjojgi^: s. Eth. hymn, nong. 1 Kings iv. 32. 
0";iAP: ""^A^: "Soiig of Songs/' the 
Book of the Canticles. Both this and the pre- 
ceding word are derived from the Eth. verb 
'JAP: "io sing,"'' "to chant." 

aq'JfiC' Eth. s. society, congregation, church. 
Al. T.q2\.: and WV: VlC.tfti^^i:: Rad. 

-ine.:: Vid. ?in4" 

cnji^-l^qfO: $. seal, stamp, type, art of print- 
ing. Rad. I'lJ'tnJ:: 

aij'J'|"«yoc»: s. instrument or place for seal- 
ing, stamping, printing ; seal, stamp, type, ty- 
pography, print ing-ojjice. Rad. 'Jl'OO:: 

uuf: s. Heb. |0. manna. Ex. xvi. 31. 

ac}: s. the reed on a weavers loom, where the 
threads of the web pass through. 

o^£: s. Ar. \jj^ a larger harbour or port; a 
smaller one, or anchoring-place, being called 
avcfl: or aacfl: ^^^. 

n^'J: pron. int. masc. & fem. who? which? 
Ar. Eth. and Tigr. ooTf:: ^^. Heb. ]Q 
and "lO. 

•T""}: pron. int. n. Eth. tni_ — :: Tigr. «?n'5: 
Ar. U Heb. nC, which? what? «?OT: 
?i A: " ichat is there ?" " what matters or con- 
cerns it?" yn-J: IKK^; " what do I care 
for itP" »?n^: ir\: " idiat has happened?" 
"what's the matter?" "J^T: yyA: (indi- 
stinct) " how much ?" "what quantity .?" Also 
used as an interjection: "How much!" 
9ni: ?\A-n^:: — :7KK'?:: and — : ^xl 
^^: and the latter contr. T^f"!^^: all 
synonymous expressions : " jvhat do I care 
for," " what have I to do with," or " what mat- 
ters it to me ?" Jerem. xxiii. 6. : >kJtJ"^h. 
A9«: ^^'i: 7\fi'fV%: 'flfV: jet'ouo)^: 
"and Israel shall dwell, saying, IVhat do I 
care for?" {i,e. in security, midisturbedly.) 
'h's'^: 36.: ^^FA^ : " what have I (to dq) 
with thee?" John ii. 4. ijoi; ^(Q^: and 
contr. yoiay-: "Wtcf is the matter .=" "ivhj?" 
7°'i: \(D^: JitllT: hRd,1V: "why hast 
thou done this?" "jnTJ: JiouflAA: 

S. door. 

•/nl: . . . tfu'ixxi-f: 

( 32 ) 


"■what does it resemble?" "what is it like?" 
9"^: (5) do- Y\e\: " ahal. is the news?" 70 
^: oojtihCi,: '"Td.ArJAtJ: "whkh book 
doest thou want?" g^T: -flB.: A^owy-. 

" for what (prop. " saying what ?") should I re- 
main?" Tw-J: AJLCO= ' ^''a< am I to do?' 
With prpposJ//ons ; A9"T: wherefore? what 
for? why? to what purpose? f|A: 9^1: and 
flT^I: OB^'iy-^: why? on what account, 
on what ground? for ivhat reason? (ll^'i: 
fvherein? whereby? lohereuith? 7»Tj^: 
90'}: as what? like what? in what character 
or capacity? Yiy^T: J«5.: with what? 

90^: Ruthii. 10. probably desire, tvish, from 
the Eth. ODiP: "iu desire" 

U^'i'. ^iAn't": and more generally •/«f AH 
^: and 9°F^n^: adv. perhaps, probably, 

oq'jfjo: pron. somebody, some person, any one, 
whoever ; and with negation : none, nobody, no 
one. aiJITD; J^^ouoiiyo: "nobody came.'" 

sjW^^Oi pron. something, any thing : and with 
negation; nothing, e.g. fpt'ifju: 2\/\j^^ 
T^H; "he did nothing." 

sio\axi\z V. n. to be useless, naughty, worthless, 

good for nothing, powerless. 

J^'oo^oo^: trs. to render useless, to weaken, 

wade, &c. ^I^i-l-: KO'J^I: yao\ 

9*TA: "envy wastes the bones," Prov. 

xiv. 30. 

•yofgn"^; (1) adj. worthless, good for nothing, 
useless, naughty, futile. Matt. xii. 36. (2) s. va- 
nity, nuuyhiiness. Ps. lii. 7. 

ijn'jjjo'j: pron. with negat. nothing whatever 
(stronger than gn^^a:) 

•yof"!ja'5'^"'|>: s. uselessness, worthlessness, weak- 
ness, futility, vanity. Job xi. 11. 

aiJlU|-"f-: inf. of f i*^:: rising: getting up^ 
breaking up. ^£^:—: "the being van- 
quished, overcome." Vid. \^:: 

avr^ui'V- inf- of YHv. (1) the lifting up. 
(2) 7i^: — : the kissing one's hand, (a 
courtesy in token of respect as well as friend- 
ship, very common in Abyssinia.) (3) refusal. 
(4) S^£i '■ — • '/'^' I anquishing, conquest, tictory. 

n^T**! 'I' : inf. of hl"i:: the Uping up, raising. 

ODf £^: inf. of {°«^:: the dwelling, remaining, 
residing, abiding; and i.q. oof (^y: dwelling- 
place, stay, abode, residence, habitation. 

i"i!i<2.A: s. Eur. mineral. 

ooff^_P: s. dwelling-place, abode, stay, resi- 
dence, habitation. 

o«Trt'1': Mai. iv. 6. probably for ora^iV-T: 
Eth. temptation, trial, affliction. 

OUT"!:: s. 1?>^": — : present made by an infe- 
rior to a superior, in token of respect. Gen. 
xxiv. 53. Ps. Ixxii. 10. Rad. "h.^^: \^: 
Vid. l"!:: Other presents are »oinj/\^:: 

ndXi't"- andlX: n<iVl^:: 
o^lil : means or place for raising, lifting up. 
Judges XV. 17: pira'i^J: aij-^'fj; "the 
place of the raising the jaw-bone :" translation 


'P^'iY^: and fem. 'P^'iP^'p: ague, tertian in- 
ter mitteni fever. 

^^^'i'P£v'- inf- of ifl'A" transplantation, trans- 

O^'5'PA: s. jar, 7iater-poi. 1 Sam. xxvi. 11. 

an'^'P^'pi^-.s.any thing that jmts into motion. 
i.fl : — : any subject at which persons shake 
their heads. Ps. xliv. 14. 

seat, chair, throne. And meton. the person that 
sife on a seat ; applied to the royal court of 
justice, whose members (in Slioa but three or 
four) are called thrones ((D^flC^'O ^id. 
. CD^nC• ^^^ ^^^ Bpovoi, Coloss. i. 16. Rad. 
\nd,: Eth. 

tro-jn-n: and tnjTo-fl: inf of \Ulli and 
?i%nn: the act of reading. 

ou'Jj': s. twins. Gen. xxv. 24. 

^^^'i^f\.'- s. rabbit, and hare. 

aoTTlriTVl:? Jobxli. 23. Rad.TYlTYl: g.f. 

V^'i^^'- s. earthen jar or pot, esp. boiling-pot. 
Vid. gii=f ■^ :: Ex. xvi. 3. 

K^fl'd)': fem. aqftpiit!: any who, any 
that, ivhoever, whatever. Lev. ii. 1. 

cro5J: V. a. to despise, contemn, abhor, detest. 

•jo'i^: pron. adj. interr. i.q. oirovros; how 

omiVi: . . . awi^}: 

( 33 ) aui'q^'-f: . . . ooi^ 

(jualified ? what manner of? (Lud. Very sel- 
dom used.) 
ovryri : s. spoon. Ex. xxxviii. 3. Rad. 1V| :: 
*"*lYl-^.1frC= s- (0 -A-ny kind of carriage 
•which by means of rollers or wheels moves 
from one place to another. (2) An iron sort 
of moveable and portable fire-j>laces, two to 
three feet square, resting upon iron feet with 
or without rollers. (3) cross-beam of a house, 
i.?- rt^T\: which word also is used for car- 
riages. (4) Eccles. xli. 6. it is used for wheel. 
Rad. 7\i\V-CX^^d,- q-v. in Lud. Lex. ^Eth. 

O^lVh-ll: V. n. to enter into monastic life, to 

become a manic or nun. 
Q^iln rt.: s. ij.ovayos,monl{ qo^^l rt.'t': nun. 
q«fVl'-J*I: id. pi. qorTR-ft-t-: and qnrVl 

1^^-:: and qwr"»lVl'-fi-r:: 
ou-jYI CLIi ■• s. the jaw, jaw-bone. Eth. & Tigr. 

"""iYT-rif: and — fli^: monastic life, mo- 

9°'k(D-: i-q- 9»1: \(IP: Vid. gwi:: 
t"Jil-tU : and tnjjff u ; v. a. to clash, smack, clap 

with the tongue at eating. Is applied in Shoa 

to animals only. 
fo'n-lC^ s- aduUerer. 
'P^'YHC,- 3. adultery. 

J\CFDi}-J4: V. a. to commit adultery, 

^"''SS ^'- •'^i'- s- Ji'ij^o pi. (JjJULo handkerchief, 
esp. pocket-handkerchirf. Amh. OtJ^ ^rytsjp ; ; 
Isa. iiL 23. 

"^1"C- ^* ''^^loge. Num. xxxi. 10. 

"lu/Mf is this?" — : _gd.A^^: "what does 

he want ? ' ' Tigr, 9" ^ :^.e : : 
OO'}^^: inf. of l^*!*:: the muring, building 

with slone,clay, or brick ; making awall: s.icall. 
. 9^^K^■ • ^^^- ^' o^'c/ion, distress, trouble. Ps. 

Ixxi. 20. Tiie same in the name bab-el-mandeb, 

" the gate of affliction." 
OCJ^^: inf. of \^^ : the burning, conflagration. 
Uif^,y^'^: fire-place, fire-pot, stove, oven Lev. 

xi. 35. Hos. vii. 4. 
ov^p-. s. flock, herd. Gen. xiii. 5. 

oo'5"|M'^ : s. kingdom. Gen. xx. 9. With a 
genitive case it is often constructed Ethiopi- 
cally; e.g. tro'i'^fVT: >»"IH.?»-nt!ii.C" 
fjv^'qfiju'\-z f|tnj_p^: "the kingdom of 
God," ";/ie kingdom of heaven." Rad. HW :: 

tm'ilC.: and onn^: inf. of n^-. and tfl 
i^\: the speaking. 

aqfjCP: s. means and organ of speaking ; as, 
a letter, a message, &c. Num. xxii. 7. ; , 

""OTJi^^: Ar. ^JjJusn^ catapult, engine for 
throwing weapons when besieging any place. 
Jer. xxxii. 24. wrongly o«n.^: cli. xxxiii. 4. 

^IT'sJ.T'C" murmuring, murmur, inf. of J\ 
'5>d.>4" Vid. T <l>4" 

otJ'j']j[»-: s. way, road, passage. — : T\^&.' 
"piassenger," "a passer-by," PTl-M*: — : 
" king's road," i. e. " high way," main road. 
Num. XX. 1 7. Rad. Y}^ :: 

f^^'^I^V- s. one that is on the road, traveller, 

^^^Tr^^: s, jaw, jaw-bone. Ps. Iviii. 6. In 
Shoa it is used also for molar tooth. 
^trojTi: V. trs. to hold or to open anotlier s 

•^IfrSAniAJ?: s. any thing by wJiich some- 
thing is suspended; therefore, hook, chain, 
&c. Ex. XXV. 31. xxviii. 13. 

•''^'iflicq,: s. a turners lathe, instrument for 
turning and polishing. Rad. inifTI :: 

o^^EQ.: V. a. to spring from a source, /oun<<(?n, 
or well. 

9^1^: s. fountain, source, rvell, spring, origin. 

*f IRC= s- Ar. 8,1^, any ojitic instrument, such 
as spectacles, telescope, microscope, &c. Piad. 
Eth. iKd,:: 

f^'iiiQ.: and •?n^^£J,: s. any thing spread 
out (Vid. iK^:) for a person or thing to lie 
upon; tlierefore covch, bed, carpet, sopha, 
divan; any layer of wood, stone or earth, for 
heaps of luggage or other things to rest upon. 
Gen. xlix. 4. Ezek. xxiii. 41. 

""l^fl: s. pi. Eth. ODf^f,^:: spirit. The 
same etymology as in other languages ; inf. 
of ld.rt: " to breathe." of. Heb. 2?D2 soul, 

oo'}^i^<Ij:...aijX^: ( 34 ) 


troh-n-n : 

from U)D3 "he breathed." Ar. 


id. from 

^jJJ " to breathe." nii aud ^^j irvevfta, 
from itvEU) ; ^irxrj from v/ru^td ; spiritus from 
spjrt), anima and animus from animo, &c. 
Gen. i. 2. xli. 38. au-J^rt; "J\-IH.?i-nth,C 
"6pmf of God," Matt. xii. 23. oo'j^jfi 
^jeLfl: " the Holy SpinV." oarS.fjV 
C"iri-On: "the miclean spirits" Markiii. 11. 
YlrtTfi: oofQ^n-t-: "from the (or His) 
seven spirihr Rev. i. 4. 
"""S^O^: aoj. spiriiual. pi. c»o"i<i^i^<i>.y-}:: 
"D*?^.^: Eth. f.7. "KYl-A.^: /(a//. era-Tt^.{.: 
tV.tyJV : midnight. Acts xx. 7. Rad. Eth. 


"«f <5.^: inf- of f d.f : and Trd.*!': the long- 
ing, desiring, desire. 

f^f^i'^'P- s. schismatic, heretic. PL IIDJ"^^ 
1: Prov. ix. 7. 

*^^f ^^i'"r: s. heresy, error, schism. 

OU\^J\'i inf. of i4,-- the blowing up, puffing up. 

oofity: s. bellows. Num. xxxi. 23. Shoa: G) 
r^:: Rad. •rr4.:: Vid. I4,:: 

"^'Id.^: s. any. instrument for airing, fanning, 
producing or increasing idnd ; tlicrefore/a?!, 
Kinnowing-ylate ((Tl'i&JX'-), &-C. 

on^: V. a. Eth. tro^p:: to desire, long for, &c. 

Little used. JSIore frequently the following, 

•t-oof*: to desire, covet, lust after, (used chiefly 

•for concupiscence, carnal desires), inf. «o 

qo^: abusive epithet: fellow, churl, rascal, mean, 
base, xvorthless person. 2 Kings ix. 11. 

i/n^'f-: s. sleep; aud place of rest, bed. Rad. 


: s. baseness, meanness, churlishness. 

ifoy^tfo-i: s. Etk <fte fce/ierer. PI. «?»>»?» 


fi:; Ar. ^;*. Rad. 2\iroi:: Ps. ci. C. 
aq>iVlA:Eth.s.i.g.tnj"TlA: andaoTiVlA:: 

ilvL middle, centre. 
aq-^YlA*£: Eth. adj. middle, central, inter- 
mediate; s. mediator, agent. Heb. ix. 15. Al. 

aq-Ji^: and ar/_^: s. fable esp. prepared for 
eating. Arj3X'. Ex. xxv. 23. fern, oq^i 

KT-: id. Ex. xxv. 26. 
f^o^ : V. a. <o praise, extol, glorify, (not much 

1'OoV|: V. refl. & pass, to glory, praise one- 
self, to boast. Ps. V. 11. 
""IriA.-l': Eth. s. pi. ooIts^ E: and ooVi/^:: 
a certain weight, the quantity of which is not 
yet ascertained. 2 Kings v. 23. Vid. Ludolf. 
odYiotj^J; s. collection, and place of collection, 
reservoir, receptacle. Lev. xi. 36. Job xxi. 32. 
Rad. f Yloq=f:: Vid.YlofJ'f':: 
oqri«ni5=: id. Rad. ftYl^i^'" 2 Chr. xxxii.28. 
'^fo'nd^: v. a. to advise, give advice, counsel. 
'I'ao'fld.- pass, to be advised, receive counsel. 
fo^Yl^: v, a. & recipr. to give advice, and 

to counsel among each other. 
•X-ooTriyi^: recipr. to counsel, deliberate with 

one another. 
2\tlouYi^: caus. to bring on, to cause an 
advice or counsel, to appoint or summon a 
council, recommend for deliberation. 
*'oYl<5.: s. affliction, distress, trouble, tribulation, 
trial, &c. — : flAU': literally, "I have 
eaten trouble," i.e. "have had trouble or dis- 
tress (a very common expression). — :''t"*I» 
flA: "he received distress, suffered." 
t'^YlC- ^- fio'i'^fst, crop, gathering in of crops. 

Lev. xxiii. 22. 
ooVj^: s. counsellor, adviser. 
9°YtC,- counsel, advice. P — : 1^: and HA: 

— : i.q. ouVj^J: counsellor, adviser. 
q"Yl-*^: and qnYlr^: Shoa. v. a. to try, put to 
the trial, to tempt, attempt. Al. &^\:: 

«njY>^.Yl^C= Vid. OB'jVh/J.ln'-C- 
oaVhflTC^ Eth. and Tigr. i.q. the following. 
f"*1ry"flTC.P- ^* I'Toom, sweeper, brush. More 
frequently ouX-4°|^:: Rad. Ybfj'T*;: Eth. 
" to sweep, brush." '■ 

""llrtf'-s. Tuesday. Eth. & Tigr. WA-fl:: 
"^YinCP' ^' ornament ; means, and subject of ' 
glorifying, honouring. Gen. xx. 16. Rad. 
M\l\d,: Vid. Vin*^:: 
O^iin'rE: inf. of Ylfiri'-: the surrounding, en- 
compassing, a circuit, circumvallalion, a siege. 
oo^l'fl'n: Eth. circle, circumference ; assembly 

onYinnjp: • • • "^Yi&jt-- 

( 35. ) onyid.S": . . . 9"T^: 

of persons collected in a circle; volume, i.e. 

roll of parchment, esp. the Book of Ecclesiastes 

(Preacher of Solomon); sum, crown, &ic. Vid. 

Ludolf. Eccles. i. 1, 2. xii. 7, 27. xii. 8, 9, 10. 
oo'nn'njP: a. fence, he'ge, wall. Rad. Yinfl:: 
BtoYT^"- s. he-goat (?) Bl. 
ouYl'-'r: and 9nYl^'^: gelded caltle (used 

chiefly of sheep and goats). 
aoVi^: s. lattice? Judges v. 28. 
ooYij: V. n. to be sterile, barren, unproductive. 

Gen. xxxi. 3S. 

2\oroYli: to overflow, set under water. Job 
xxxii. 16. 

J^flODYll: caus. to render sterile, barren, 
inflict barrenness. Gen. xx. 18. 
troVn: adj. sterile, barren. Gen. xi. 30. 
ooVli,: ? Ezra v. 14. A»»Vli,: TlMnK-C: 

rtfDfl)': gave it to makni " shashbatser." 
oaY>T}: s. judge, governor, ruler, pi. ODlr|_'l 

'i-1':: Rad. Yl°^i: Eth. "toj«c/ye." 
auYf^Y'l". s. sterility, barrenness, esp. of women. 

Isa. xlvii. 8. 
•jm^ny't': s. cause, reason, ground, account, 

motive. It is constructed with the prep. 

n— :: e.g. nT^Vn^'l-il: "on thy (fern.) 

account^ "for thy sate" Gen. xii. 13. fJH. 

reason I do it." pqc'l-: 9«5njP-1-: ^flK 

IhrV- VCD*: " the ceruse of death is sin." 119^ 
"i: y^Vny^: "for w-hat reason?"" "on 
wliat ground?^" 

ODViYlAf : i.(l- "tJ^YlA?':: 

croYlK= ^•'/- •'"'TtK: Ezek. xiii. 18. 

O'tJ^nj??': s. cover, covering, lid, cover-lid, tegu- 
ment. Rad. \\^\" 

""TnidLA: (pass.) and ooVl d.A : (act.) inf. of 
YldSLA: and Tl[ld.A: division, 'partition, dis- 

oo\\&j6%.^' s. portion, part, division, share. 
i.q. YiQ.^" Col. i. 12. 2 Chr. x. 16. It is 
used chiefly to denote the distribution of alms 
and presents, which the Cliurch gives on cer- 
tain days to the poor and to the scholars. 

ooVlitS.'r: i'lf- of 'n<j.T" the act of opening. 

onYldJf: 8. key. Rad. YldLt:: Matt xvi. 19. 
auYl^y: s. chamber-pot. 
og'TiA: s. i.q. D^'?iVlA: and od'Y^ViA:: 
o^TlA?': i-q- ou^'nts.V"- 

ou'^YlA: s. the middle, centre. n""*^VlA 
•T'T: "in the midst of us," "amongst us.'' 
n?f: nATf: oo*^VlA: "between us 
and you." 

oo'^'hA?': adj. & subst. middle, central, inter- 
mediate; mediator, agent, a. -person standing as 
it were and acting between two parties. Al. 

iroTlS: s. Ar. isAir*, pillow, cushion. 

avQpti^: inf. of (DAK"- '^'^ bringing forth, 
bearing (cliildreu), generating, birth, lying-in, 

ooffiAJ^: inf- of TCDAS: '/'e 6einy born, ge- 
nerated, the birth. 

O^TA^: iuf. of 't'*PAK" birth, descent, ge- 
nealogy, history. Gen. ii. 4. v. 1. 

f^(D4T: V. a. to gainsay, soothsay, foretell for- 
tune, to divine. 

9^*PC't"?- ^' soothsayer, fortune-teller. Lev. 
xix. 31. 

*ro(l>^(Di^_P: s. a throw with a dart or javelin, 
a javelin, range of such a throw; a bar. Gen. 
xxi. 16. 

oo<p^j^': inf oifp^^^: low condition, low- 
ness, lowliness, humility. 

^^""(St'i^K^- iiif. of a)<iK- descent, coming doivn. 

OBQy-*^^: s. means of descending. troQj^fSj,: 
— : "ascent and descent;" awkward mode 
of expressing stairs, or ladder. Gen. vi. 14; 
where oofi^^: or troflAA: iq-v.) would 
have been better. 

WD®?! : Ar. ^^ checkered and painted cloth, 
Ezek. xxvii. '24. 

an(l>.«j>y: s. knocker, threshing-stick or flail. 
Rad. (D^:: 

"^Q)''!''^: s. mortar, consisting in the exca- 
vated piece of a trunk of a tree. 

9"fl>.'"r: adj. dead. pi. «?0(D,J-'}: m. and 
9"fl)-J'""r: f. More generally contracted. 
OO"^: q.v. 

9n*P^: &V"*P^-: s. verb. c/f/in^?, c?ea J. Ex.xxi.30. 
F 2 

avcD'm^: . . . ano^li: ( 36 ) V*-H^^. . . . o^l^^.l^- 

'^^"^CO'nd.' to try, atlcmpf, tempt. (Shoa.) 

1»OD{l)Y|^: pass, to be tried, tempted, at- 
tempted. Vid. qn Yl <; : : 

oo(I>^J^: inf. of (D^£" the loving, love, 
liking, affection. 

O^CDK^: inf- pass, of fCDJE^K: the being 
beloved, liked, favoured ; high jmce. 

ovQy''^: and cro(D-|^-: wave of water iu the 

sea, &e. Ar. 


<JO(i>.1_Jp: s. means for piercing, transfixing ; 
fork, lance. Ex. xx^^i. 3. Kad. (D^:: 

OOq>T__p: s. any instrument of warfare, esp. 
arms. Deut. xx. 20. Rad. -l-T^- Vid. (D;1:: 

Oti(l>-llXj,: s. i.q. iny(iy-<pVCi,: which is more 
in use. Rad. ffl'IfR:: Num. xi. 8. 

o^fly-BEl,: s. the exit, place of going out, or ascent. 
— : o^Qi^d.^- "ascent and descent," passage 
up and down, i. e. flight of stairs, or ladder. 
PR«hJE: — : " the rising of tlie sun." 

oij^Oi: Ar. &k*^. storax. Ezek. xxvii. 19. 

oroOA'"!'"- and oot^A't": Eth. s. day. Ps. 
Ixxiv. 16. Rad. (DO A: Eth. i.q. TA: Amh. 

V^O^'n : Eth. inf. of O t^fl :: the setting, going- 
down of sun, moon, or stars ; place of sun- 
setting, i.e. theWod. Gen. xii. 8. Ps. cxiii. 3. 

Heb. nii^Q. Ar. ^^^. 
onoi^"!: s. step, degree. Acts viii. 19. Rad. 

Qd^V- Eth. to rise, ascend. 
'y^Oi-G,' s. resting-place, station, division of a 

road, of a book, i.e. chapter, section, part. 

Rad. 04<5.: to rest. 
*»90nA: s. storm (at sea), rage of the sea, high 

waves, &c. Gen. vii. 11. Jer. li. 42. 
aut\^: s. and croQ'^t-: extreme wrath, fury, 

indignation. Ex. xxxiv. 6. 
out^li: s. fragrancy, sweet exlialation, savour. 

Gen. viii. 21. Lev. i. 17. Eph. v. 2. 
oqOrm: and (njOfm-l-: Eth. censer, in 

which to bum incense. Ezek. viiL 11. Rad. 

oqH>: s- any thing that is within reach, com- 
panion. Rad. ^H" 
OW-H : MUZ, s. banana, a very sweet fruit of the 

Si. -• 

Eastern climate. Ar.^j^. 

V^'HA'I-: or Tra-HAJP't': s. (comp. of "TD-h 
A: and hy-'l':) forefather in the sixth (or 
seventh) degree, or great-grandfather of the 
great-grandfather. Tlie degrees of ascent are 
thus: (l) 7\^'t-z father. (2) i\y-'f: grand- 
father. (3) P^J^TD; (or merely ^J^ TO;) 
?»y^: great-grandfather. (4) ^o^'^: or 
^m}_P""|-: father s (or mothfrs) great-grand- 
father. (5) Sr^iJ^'t": grandfather'' s great- 
grandfather. (6) •?« Ti A ■I' : or yn "H Ay "t" : 
great-grandfather's great-grandfather. (7) "X 

tro-H owO s.psa/m. Ar.J^^ Heb.liQtTS. 

Rad. H""*^: to sing. pi. OK'Ht"*'i.'T: 
and auncn>^-t'::. gff: ooi-jotH^: lite- 
rally, "child of the jisalms,''^ scholar, diacipjle, 
(because the reading and singing of the 
Psalms form a prominent part of Abyssinian 
learning), pi. ^«|>: ctoH*>^»'C'1*:: 

«roH9"C: s. pi. *J^ni^6n.: i.q. n"^i: 
and YxH^^i". singer, songster, musician. 
1 Chr. ix. 33. 

9^T{'!?*''H : s. a certain weight of an unknown 

o^llC.: A.r.jj[:i. Ex. xxviii. 22. derived from 

■ jl, to strengthen, tie firmly, dress : but its 

proper signification is uncertain: it stands 

for the Heb. ]U)n " the breast-jdate" of the 

high-priest. Ezra ii. £3. 
U^lii.'P: s. spjear, shaft of a lance. 2 Sam. 

xxiii. 7. Ezek. xxxix. 9. 
CRJI-f^."!": iuf. of H&>: the sutving, the seed. 
o^liiy : s. field sown with corn. Jos. xix. 16. 

Rad. H6.:: 
*"JH1CJP* ^' standing-water, pool, pond. Deut. 

viii. 7. 
aviAQy: s. and tnjHCJ?: i.q. OVHCDO any 

tiling that turns round, revolves upon itself, 

esp. wheel, roller, cylinder, screw. Jer. x%-iii. 3. 

Rad.Hr^:: ?»H4:: 
o^Ti^T.^: and goh^^I^': place where, and 

means whereby, any thing is spread out or 

extended. Ezek. xlvii. 10. Rad. K 43- and 


"VHn.JP: . . . troHlJFi: 

( 37 ) 


•"ilHn.JP: s. latchet, lace, cord. Gen. xiv. 23. 

Isa. V. 27. 
cron5: V. a. & intrs. to weigh, to balance, poise, 

ponder, and to measure in general. Gen. xxiii. 

16. Isa. xxvi. 7. Ax. ^'fy 

•l-otiH^: pass, to be tveigked, poised, pondered. 

J^fjOfDj-il: caus. to have weighed, to cause to 
ET^HT : s. poise, weight, balance, scales of a 

balance. P — : J\T^: " index (pr rioinf^ nnA 

weight of the balance.'''' Ar. ^jijju. 
oqHI: inf. of YxHY- the repenting, regret, pity, 

forbearance, saving, or sparine/. 
omi'i- or oijOUT: s. corner, angle. Ex. 

xxvi. 19. 
trot-j^: s. tlie weigher, balancer. Isa. xxxiii. 18. 
'^'^Hllf^: s. recorder. Isa. xxxvi. 22. 
**^H(DC: s. the turning round, revolving, revo- 
lution ; tliat which turns or is turned, wheel, 

roller, cylinder, screw, &c. 
•^'^HfflC^.P: s. turning instrument, keg of a screw, 

handle of a ivheel, and i.q. CT^HCDC:: ^^d- 

i^HH: V. a. to draw (1) the sword out of its 

sheath, &c. Ex. xv. 9. Ezek. xvii. 9 ; (2) a 

plant out of the ground, eradicate, Eccles. iii. 2. 

^ -f-onHH: pass, to be drawn, puUed out. 

Ezek. xvii. 9. 

;^flfroHH: caus. to cause the drawing of a 

sword, &c. Lev. xxvi. 33. 

tJ^HH.: MAZAzi s. a long sort of wood used for 

building, chiefly for the support of the roof. 

Proverb: oroHH.: tk^^lO '}'&•%■ MIC.: 

"As the MAZAzi for the rafter, so is the gu- 

RAOUE man for talk," i.e. long. 
ODHH?*: s. talker, tattler, " a person that makes 

a hundred words out of one," said my infor- 
•"JTilC: S' cattle-louse, tick. 
•"^Tn"!! : s. treasury, treasure ; also original 

writing, in opposition to "copy," Rad. H 

m : Eth. 
•''^'H'l.JP : s. panel of a door, lock. Ex. xxvi. 17. 

Rad. H^:: 
"""mjE: inf. of HIP: the tarrying, delay. 

ODHd.!: inf. of Hd.^:: the dancing, playing 

(with music) ; music, dance. 
trq-VC: i.q. oo^pTf:: 
qo_p; s. hire, rent, wages. 

oi/P: ^iJE'^: Eth. water of the Deluge, deluge. 
Di;!_^-fj : and the following 
a^^{}V'^ s. layman, non-clerical person, man 

of the world. 
ontjp^: inf. of J\P:: the seeing, sight, vision, 

aspect, look, beholding. Gen. xxvii. 1. 
tmyif:: orapf^:: f^^yj^: and o^'H':: 

(1) handle, hold; any thing that serves for 

seizing, holding ; ear, haft, of a vessel ; grasp, 

&e. {2) pawn or pledge. Rad. JPH:: 
ao_pff^: s. hem of a garment. Ps. cxxxiii. 2. 
t^^PTiy: n. pr. MiAZiA, the eighth month of 

the Abyssinians, beginning on the seventh or 

eighth day of April. 
auyjl^y: s. any instrument which serves /or 

catching ; a trap, snare, &c. 
on_g: s. ^j^Sa flood of the sea, returning tide. 

n^^: s. comb. 

oi}_g-: i.q. a^'^h^: q.v. 

tnj^: s. & adj. yonder, the opposite shore. 

cf^^: s. (1) the outside. l\ — : outside, withotd 

adv., out of doors, abroad, externally. (2) plain, 

field, valley, i.q. Ar. ^^!j. 

"3™*,K'C= ^"'1 'F'.^^i': s. earth, land, country. 

9^^^: n^: lit. "Zand of emptiness"; ivil- 
derness, desert; uninhabited, uncultivated kmd 
or country. ^^\: ^oj^j^; "water-eloset." 
m«?a^'C: lit. "country of sheep," bagga- 
MEDDER, MCThT^^J^: agowmedder, two 
provinces of Abyssinia. 2\(^«B: ^ajj;^*i^: 
" the bmte of the earth," i. e. " serpent" 

"^S4n.y: s. cover, covering, of a house: roof, 
thatch. Isa. xiv. 11. 

"^^^ti : (1) both the upper and under beams 
in a door-frame. (2) Ar. Z.J^ place, room. 
1 Kings vi. 5. Prov. xxvi. 14. 

W^^&.X'. adj. earthy, earthly. 

tm^iOk: Ar. L:^i,. Exod. xxviii. 6. The 
Arabic translation of the Heb. TDb? seems 
to signify a jacket, from e,i "arm," i.e. that 

°^KCP: -""JOS-: 

( 38 ) 



piece of sacerdotal vestment which clothes 
the arms. • 

*"JKCy = s. hnbitation, res'idence, dwelling-place, 
lodijing. Ex. xv. 13. Zech. ii. 13. Rad. 

oq.^f|: inf. of hy_rt:: renovation, renewal. 
P — : n'^A: "festival of the renewal" (re- 
newed consecration of tlie Temple by the Mac- 
cabeans.) John x. 22. 

'^^ •! : S. renovation, renewal, reformation, re- 

of the 30th Psalm . Rad. hg ^ : and t^iljx " 
oo^i^: s. anvil. (Pei'haps from aa^^^:) 

Gen. iv. 22. 
9^J^^,S- s. n sort of gazelle, antelope. 
•'^Ji'f! : s. yellow copper, brans. 
tn}^'{\: s. (1) heap. Gen. xxxi. 40. Col. ii. 20. 

(2) a seat of clay, cra^q^: Eth. plural. 

Pro\r. X. 3. 
oo^'fj: id. Hos. xii. 11. 
•JB^^ : s. small and bad ' Dergo ''-bread, by 

■which the king or govcnior maintains guests 

of little consideration. 
ao^'^'i: s. (1) agent, surety, substitute, mediator. 

(2) deliverer. Rad. Jl^'51: Eth. 
f^^-Xi: i-q- «^K'^". "^J^T^: s^Af": Eth. 

Stat, constr. " Saviour of the World." 
f^iv^^Yjt". s. (1) remedy, medicine. (2) cure, 
deliverance, redemption, restoration, salvation. 

(3) perenallagen, concrete: Saviour, 
generally applied to Christ, as both Saviour 
and salvation. HA: — : "possessor of reme- 
dies,''^ i. e. "physician" and " apothecar}'" (both 
being the same in Abyssinia). PHAA9": 
— : "eternal salvation" Gen. xlix. 18. Ex. xv. 2. 

mj^T: inf. of t\&' hunting, chace. 

oq^l: inf. of Y\^: the saving, relieving, re- 
deeming, deliverance; Saviour, deliverer, re- 
deemer. Vid. 5^5:: 

ou^'J: inf. of gll: tlie restoration, cure, deli- 
verance, recovery, salvation. 

*™E5«PJP: s. object of astonishment. Jer. xxv. 9. 

anjp^p^: At- "-••aJ^ stands Ex. xxviii. 20. 
for TlZ'Si'l jasper. 

1jl,j^ stands Ex. xxviii. 

•"i.P,^: adj. exterior, external, outward. 

on^yj!.: s. a small flat plate of Abyssinian 
workmanship, made of straw, Jind used for 
the cleansing of com. Num. vii. 14. Jer. 
xxiv. 1. 

«"'£^£,'^: s. swelling of the testicles. 

^^}X,'!J'- M^DKGA, s. (1) a measure of solids, con- 
taining 16 liofi: q.v, it is the 8th part of a 
EC},'}:: (2) a jar used for carrying water, 
beer, or other liquids ; and generally con- 
taining about one madEga, but not always. 
This jar is often called IT^p ; g\mbo. Gen. 
xxiv. 14. 2 Chr. ii. 10. 

irojgf-'jiyn: inf. of ^^ao ;; the repetition, reading. 

(jo^'jijrny : s. means of repeating, esp. rosary. 
Al. oo4>--fn(^y:: 

"°J^1Q.: inf. of ^7/5^:: the support'ing, assis- 
tance, support. 

"^^T^^-*: S. means of support, assistance. 

TDJ^^: Ar. jijvo- cannon, piece of artillery. 
p — : au^AEEl,: "connoH-foundry." po» 
J^^.?": P\Q,'V: o«rtnrtn.j?: "collection 
of cannons and guns," i.e. arsenal. 

ou^: s. upper or smaller millstone, which the 
grinding woman holds in her hands, rubbing 
it backwards and forwards against the lower 
and larger millstone, which chiefly is called 

aogacf^_P: s. (l) beginning. (2) the first, for- 
mer, foremost. Had. ^«JD^: "lo begin," 

i^X^c.ti'- Ar. ^jsr<: Jer. xxix. 20. Probably 
fetters, bonds, as in the Arabic Version ^^Jsr^ 
imprisonment, or prison, follows : ijojs^ ' ^ 
^sr*" J. " JTJ bonds "(?) and " in prison" 

^^i^JV '• or aij^'"t' ; private room, closet, alcove. 

Eccl. X. 20. 
oqi: V. a. to sip, to drink with a noise, produced 

by inhaling air at the same time the liquid 

is entering through the lips. 
Ofq"l: s. woof, weft (in weaving). 
^'^^ A : s. a dark-bay horse. 
^'^'lA: V. a. to suppurate. 

KfloniA: ...9?^•nr: 

( 39 ) 

o^pnji't"' • • • "^"V-s/t"- 

J\|"|rnj*J/\: caus. to produce, bring on suppu- 

OD"|^: s. pus, coagulating, suppurating matter 
or lymph. Job ii. 8. 

O^liil^i: inf. of ?i^A^A:: service, minister- 
ing, administration. In the N. T. esp. applied 
to the collection made for the support of the 
Church of Jerusalem. Acts xi. 29. 

agi^lA^: s. utensils of theLevitical ministry 
in general; hand-vessels, as pans and other 
tilings. Rad. r^^A^A '■ to serve. 

"•n A*l^ : id. and any other instruments for 
service. I Chr. xxiii. 28. Ex. xxvii. 3. 

o'9^^: s. rafter; roo/-Z«Z/i, -whereon the straw is 
fastened. Prov. xxi. 9. jMark ii. 4. 

cro^i^^: curtain, veil. Ex. xx^•i. 14. Rad. 

*^^1d,Q,y '■ s. any chastising instrument ; a rod, 
whip. Rad. 14<S^:: 

*F*Tfll"- s. grace, in various acceptations of the 
word, but esp. favour, acceptance ; graceful 
appearance, elegance, decency, &c. Gen. xviii. 3. 
Rad. 0)1 rt: and a»a>l 1*1: Eth. 

o^'h-'^O: s, a certain plant, the contents of 
■whose stalk' are eaten by the Abyssinians. 

troTfi : v.a. to feed, nourish, maintain. Gen. xlv. 5. 
"(■ODlfj: pass, to be fed, nourished. 

OTB^n.: s. steward, housekeeper, master of the 
household. Gen. xv. 2. 

V""!"!! : 4^- nourishment, food, maintenance. 
Ex. xvi. 4. Sometimes 't'ti'tl- which is the 
general appellation of the food of animals. 

9°°inC- ^^^^- i""". of l(|*il:: work, meril, desert. 

ff0^n.'"l': MAGABrr, s. the seventh month of the 
Abyssinians, corresponding to our March ; be- 
ginning the eighth or ninth day of March, 
and lasting to the same day in April. 

cro«7n-"j'; inf. of in : the entering, entrance. 

on^q'l-: inf. oi ^'^f\:: marriage ; and gene- 
rally, cohabitation, coition. 

aq"|q'?f': inf. of JMT: the entering in, intro- 
duction. Vid. Tl:: 

y "Iinf : s. the providing for, nourishing, feed- 
ing, management, administration, stewardship, 
house-keeping, economy. 

tra^i\\''l-. s. station and office of a oo^fl,: 
stewardship; administration, economy, hus- 

OOf"'!': v^. a. to contradict. 

•j"iTfj')~-t-: pass. & recipr. to be contradicted, 

to dispute. 
1'tfo<p'}'f-: and 
'j-ODcp'I't": recipr. to dispute, to plead, to 

•j»aqi~^: refl. to plead one's own cause, to 

7 /. 7 ,7/" A ^±~ o 

arjifuu uiteieij^ .rn-ta aav. o. 

^ftyy.^: s. contradiction, dispute. 

oo^'Tf: s. contradiction, dispute, quarrel, cause, 
lUigation. Heb. vi. 16. Jer. v. 28. 

t"*75'T"1f: inf. of •flfT" t^e meeting, coming 
together, copulation. 

ff^'\°TKQ,^' s. the adorning, ornament, luxu- 
rious dress, sumptuous apparel. Gen. xlix. 1 1. 
Elx. XXV. 7. 

•J^TF^: inf- of tklT" the finding, invention, 
discovery. Vid. I'F" 

au^T-I : s. saw. 

av^i-l^: inf. of IH: the buying, purchase, pos- 
session, government, dominion. 

^^^'in'T*: inf. of •t'lH" subjection, service. 

ffO'^iii^: inf. of IH'^: act. and •> 

„.„»,. .i^ • e c.^^,..*, yexcommum- 

o«lK'^: inf. of "tlHT: pass, j 

cation, exclusion from church. 

^PIHjV' s. (suckling) nurse; and generally, 
children's nurse. Gen. xxiv. 59. 

tJWTT-r: and fTO*^^: means of purchasing, i.e. 
money, barter, &c. 

O^lg: v. a. prob. to boil. Ezek. xxiv. 5. 

*I"1^: or orn(I>'l^: s. wave, flood, storm of 
the sea, lake, or river. Ex. xiv. 27. 

o™3"IKA: inf. of l^A". the killing, slaying, 

«jn;j_^^: inf. of T^J^A" combai, conflict, 
struggling, endeavour. 

owT^^<JV: inf. of 7-^A: the wanting, want. 

*'"1^3i'^: inf. act. of T-^:: the injuring, 
spoiling, injury, harm, damage, loss, hurt, mis- 
chief (committed). 

°™*T-K'l': inf. pass, of 1^^:: (sustained) in- 
jury, harm, &c. Vid. T'j^:: 

gn*)*J: . . . otiTrti'l&jp: 

( 40 ) 

""TA^^ ...oornn*: 

the baking. 

9^*1*1: s. a standing small Jire-place, used for 

baking. Lev. ii. 7. 
oO'*i'): s. id. Luc. xii. 2S. 
o^PlC- inf. of 314,: and 
tnipiO inf. of 2\:n«^: 
OTJTP: s. clover. 
OW'ltq,: contr. of au{I>.ia;{,: mortar. 1 Kings 

vii. 50. 
OTKTj:: aojj:: and ong:: v. n. to come, to 

arrive. Eth. ITOR'?\: Tigr. aoR-j^i.: Heb. 

N^. inf. onqrofrj-'^; the comiwi. arrival. 

IT " 

Tl.jtu: ODfTi: "the king has (just) arrived.'"' 
oon^U-: "/ come'''' (;.e. directly or instantly; 
— ansiver of a servant, &c. when he is sum- 
moned to his master). "X^'RT: ^TE: "/Fx 
troi'nAIJ': "I will take my things and come.'''' 
_pg:nfTj^*5 : " let him come to me." \p: cm 
T'U: ?»J^CTPAll-: " to-morrow I will come 
and do it" >kCl>: o^'y^ipAf: ?^^'r: 
J\^(|^_^^«jn: " whereas he is come, you shall 
not (orneed not to) go," troR-/fh£J.1: ,&H 
U : f : " take thy book and come " (or bring 
thy book). J^^V : ^JEl : Ih A'Tlh9" : ^- : : 
"come thou (fem.), and come you all!" rh.^K' 
f: f: nAQX": "go> and tell him (to) come." 

«l/\'5: "when he comes, we will co;ne to 

you." (2d pers. sing, honor.) 

YxOVfTiz V. a. to make to come, i.e. to bring. 

inf. oijyBfrj''^: the bringing. Gen. ii. 19. 

imper. K^nnr): sing. m. ?i9"01.: f. J^s?" 

fll-: pi. 'P'l?'!^: (B^:i- 2\7»"1^=?: 

"bring me a little wnter." 
'J'aofri: n. i.(/. erafT\: to come. Often used 

in Shoa. 
p^f|Oii«T5: caus. to make, to cause to come. 

Deut. XXV. 8'. 
90*?:: ^otO" and •70O: 9TO00: s. Za6our 

of child-birth. 
irijn^: v. a. to travail in child-birth, to have 
J^jjqni : to travail in child-birth. Isa. xxiii. 4. 

Rad. •JfO'p:: 
O^^TA^JP: s- means or instrument for sound- 
ing, fathoming, measuring any depth ('VA^O- 

Jer. Hi. 19. it is used for spoon. 
0"TAQ.y: s. n fishing-hook. Rad. fllA*!.:: 
aufuijuxj-i-; inf. of mo^J"^: or nicnooo: 


ooTcno^: inf. of mo«<I>:: (1) baptizing. 
(2) baptist, used of John the Baplid. 

ou'pDnD^jp: andCTD'pmjcjjy: any cup,basiu, 
or other vessel; or poo/, or jjohc/, in which 
dipping or diving may be done ; esp. (1) the 
baptismal/onf. (2) wine-jrress. (3) in brewery, 


lue water wixn 

the malt. (4) dish containing gravy or any 
sauce in which they dip their bread, &c. 
Numb, xviii. 27. Isa. v. 2. Rad. fnouejj; f^.,.. 

OTj'yaue^J?: id. Nehem. iii. 16. 

a»'ip«jra<prr|: s. purloiner, thief. 

qDffiin fH : V. a. to purloin secretly, to steal. Al. 

or»'TOXj»'5»: s. thief. 

*^D(Xiai}'5»: s. Shoa: marten, or martern, i.q. 

ODfiiy^fn?*'^'. s- shawl, turban, or sash, i.e. 

any piece of cloth which is wound round the 

body. Rad. fllooniOD:: Gen. xxx^'iii. 18. 
av^/ffl^y: and on^^-fiy-. s. plane (Mech.), 

chisel, and the like instruments in use for 

planing and polisliing wood or stone : also 

axe. Rad. ffi«in: or R^O:: 
oxJT«5.'}: Ar. J^ i.q. a^'TCl^A.:!-!: 

'™'5*4"iy: s. broom, besom. PA'flfi: — : 

brush. Rad. md.1. or KtfJ:: 
OtJfD^/^_P: s. icmding instrument ; means fur 

winding, turning, su-addling. Piltr*}^; — ; 

" weaver's beam," lChr.xx.5. Rad. fIl'}»AA:: 
ao'p«j>gw: inf. of fn«|>oii: pro//, advantage, 

use, utility. 
aD'p<|>?i: s. (1) candle-snuffers, Ex. xxv. 38. 

(2) gun stick, ramrod, rammer. Rad. fn«I>rt:: 
''"'nin^: inf. of ffin*!*:: observing, preserving, 

guarding ; observation, observance, preservation, 

protection, &c. 
ora*T)f|^: inf. of 'r"in'P:: the strongly 

adhering to any thing, the cement, glue. 

oon^n*^: •• • «"}«*: 

( 41 ) 



tJDrrjfj*!*^: s. cement, gJue. 

*nj(H[|^p: s. watch-post, (juard, any place or 

means for ivatclmg and guarding. Ps. Ixxix. 1. 
CJD([I1^: v.a. to measure, to mete out. 2 Cor. iii. 

10. to model. 
OiJffi'5: s. measure, proportion. ^1^: — : & 

fl — : in proportion, according to. Gen. xlvii. 

12: "Joseph gave them com" 'hTi^: A^ 

^^Oh: .era mi: "in j)roportion to their 

children (i.e. according to their children's 

number and want)." 
f^dWV- adj. proportionate, adapted, snitable, 

adequate, corresponding, agreeable, proper. 
o^nii : s. censer, incensory, perfuming-pan. 

Ex. xx^'ii. 3. Rad. hSTll:: 
tnjcri_p: s. throw; that luhich is thrown (e.g. a 

javelin) ; andplace whither any thing is thrown. 

P*l^^^: — : heap of rubbish, or place ivhere 

the rubbish was collected. Neh. ii. 13. 
0^fnP4*: inf. of fI)F<l»: the inquiring, inquiry, 

examination, asking. 

oon\^-l\: Ar.v_-vjlk< proi^jllLI scent-bottles, 
sweet odours. Isa. iii. 20. 

oofiini: \.n. to be sour or acrid. Vid. croxi^:: 
Hos. vii. 4. 

trofDTi'inf. of HXttl^ the drinking, a drink, 
draught, beverage. 

ourrjiTi: i.q. ODijj^:: 

ODfUCCl: s. a drinking-vessel. p-f'^^riT': 
— : a tobacco-pipe. Rad. fnfl)" 

*"JfnHl: s. any instrument or vessel whereby, or 
p/ace where, drink is adm inisfi-red to man, beast, 
or plants ; or where the ground is irrigated. 
Rad. ?i fH fD : "to give to drink," " to irrigate." 

oiJcrjTjt^: inf. of '^^^f^^:: anguish, agony. 
pqo^: — : "pangs of death," Ps. Ixxiii. 4. 
Vid. "1«^:: 

ff^'Vii/t'' inf. of fHicf.: neutr. ruin, destruc- 
tion, corruption, loss, damage, &c. 

mjf ^^: inf. of ?irRfJ.- "'^ ruining, destroy- 
ing, spoiling, injuring, wasting any thing (act.) 

ODfiiJi': s. corruption, and means of bringing 
it on. Ezek. xviii. 30. 

oijBEl,: s. betrothment, espousal, marriage-con- 
tract ; the stipulated piresents or doiury. Gen. 

xxxiv. 12. Ex. xxii. 16. Rad. ?iCq.:: Vid. ER.:: 

aixxi,: s. gum-arabic. 

cnjfXl,: n. pr. mijtch'a, country and people in 
Abyssinia (Galla tribe) to the west of Shoa, 
on the banks of the Blue River. 

oij'tp,^!;^^: s. weasel, marten. Neh. iv. 3. 
Cant, ii. 15. 

q°CaAd.: v.a. to steal. 

^"^)•^t^•^ i-q- oo*T7°T"l" stealer, thief. 

Orora,iri!|: R. the shnpimrj. simply of shoes, boots, 
or other foot-dress. Rad. ^^atj y. 

o^{W^^C.y- ^- a<Jdition, additional supply, 
increase, augmentation^ supplement, appendix, 
surplus. Gen. xlviii. 22. 

oocsjjirq^p: s. sole of the foot. Ps. xl. 2. 

aDEp.aT}EE5,: s. Shoa: i.q. Egbsynixtaq: of 
Gondar, a blear-eyed person. 

9" £?!•?»[«.: s. a balbous plant -which is used 
as a medicine against the tape-worm. It is 
not so disagreeable to the taste, nor so com- 
mon in use, as the Tfi I*' : and less powerful 
than the ao-i^J":: 

qnEp,qD!;5g!,i»\: s.i.q. o^f^gif^^:: 

''^CO><t^'l: s. the end, termination, adj. the last. 
Luc. xiv. 10. Rad. CO,«^f|:: 

^"'IllCy"- s- ^ictchet, or shovel. 

*"'!Xl,^'CCI.^'^ : s. a rag which they put round 
the joined edges of the baking-pan and 
its cover-plate, to prevent the heat from 

t^CCinraj,: s. handle. Judges iii. 21. Rad. 

•J^CQ.i'l': inf. of t-CO.^'l*:: strait, trouble, sor- 
rowfulness, anxiety, distress. 

(Jtic^jf: s. leather-thong, used principally for 
the saddling and loading of beasts of burden, 
and whenever Europeans use ropes which 
the Abyssinians have not. Rad. JXJ.^:: 

t^l^a)-V: inf. of fECtCD-r:: the talking, talk, 
play, conversation. 

«"JCa^: inf. of 2\GaP:: the cntting (of the 
crops, &c.), the gathering-in ; the instrument 
by which it is done, i.e. sickle. 

9»R-: i-q. 9«T:: 

om\: i.q. a^^T\^^, 


ooRAl-: . .o^X-r-l-: 

( <I2 ) 

•TOR-rrt: ..o«ja.«5.-T: 

*'"XA''r: Eth. s. inbernaclc. n^iA: — . "the 
feast of tabernacles," Lev. xxiii. 34. Rad. 
XAA: "to shade, make shade." 

«»o»rfi^: inf. Eth. of XdntS." the mriling, 
written paper &c., letter, the writ, book. — : 
*^f|: "the Sacred Scriptures,-" "Bible." 
PI. avulh^ft.:: 

0BR70_p: s. thirst (i.q. Rcnj^::) place where 
no imtcr is, dry land, waterless desert. 

tnajtoo^^: s. catehimj-instrument, snare, trap, 
&e. Ex.xx^'ii. 1. Rad. Scbj^: 

woR.<».n.P: i-q. onoT^rfiy.. 

ooR-d.-"!-: inf. of X<J.: act. call, calling, voca- 

troR<;.-t' : inf. of fKi, : pass, the being called, 
call, calling, vocation. 

"9XC.P= ^°d "lifR-t^JP: s. instrument for 
clearing, cleansing, p)urifijing, straining. Ex. 
XXV. 29. Rad. R^.:: 

atJR.^«7jP: Vid. aoT<i"li':: 

9"i4^: Eth. the coming, advent, esp. Christ's 
coming to judgment, p — : ^"5 : " the day 
of (Christ's second) coming,''' i.q. "Day of 
Judgment," Matt. xi. 22. Rad. ouj^h: Eth. 
i.q. onao) : Amh. 

•ni^'t"?': s. fresh comer, guest, stranger, foreigner. 
Gen. Xxiii. 4. 

?iO^R!l: V. a. to commend, recommend, to de- 
posit as a trust, put into an asylum. Rom. 
xvi. 1. To appeal to the feelings of a per- 
son; to conjure or entreat him: Gen. 
xlii. 21. 
T'^JRl: to appeal to a person (present or 
absent) to recommend oneself to another's 
protection; to take refuge. Ex. xxi. 13: P 
o^aqg^n^: "where fmay) take {or find) 
refuger Acts xxv. 11 : n«&"lC: 1""*?^; 
?'AU-: "lappealtoCs^sav" and v. 12: fl 
■ «t^C= YlTt"}R^tf: "If thou appealest 
to Cffisar." Vid. Eth. mj'i J : : 
OOR-T-^-: jnf of R5*: the getting strength, re- 
ceiving comfort ; comfort, strength, firmness. 
aq jtf '"l": inf. of /^RF" the strengthening, esta- 
blishing, comforting. 

"OR-rr-"r: inf. of TRrr" comfort, consola- 
tion, cheering-up, exhortation. Vid. Rf :: 

OUR-f : s. strengthener, giver of power, esta- 
blisher. Isa. xxv. -1. Rad. Rf:: 

0"Ra)T: v.a. to give alms. Matth. v. 7. the 
notion of alms-giving pharisaically substi- 
tuted for mercy. 

•/"RrT't*: s. alms. 

f'R'T-T': s. alms-giver. Luke vi. 36. 

oroR"J^: s. snare, trap. Lament, iii. 52. 

9"ii^: s. an iron-plate on which bread-cukes are 
baked, baking^pan. Ezek. iv. 3. Rad. >tj^ : : 

oox^: s. pr. ooxT,_p:: Ps.iii.3. 

O^RI.JP: s. (1) a place of security, asylum, place 
of refuge, shelter. Josh. xx. 2. 3 : p — : ^l^C: 
"cities of refuge^ "asylums" (2) support, 
any thing to lean upon. Cant. iii. 10. 

OOXR: v.a. to be sour, acid, acrid. Ex. xii. 3. 
P — : "hli^i, : " leavened bread." 
^irt^^RR: to make sour, produce acidity. 

tJU*iH: i.q. aatT\tTi:: add, acidity, vinegar. 
Ex. xxiii. IS. leaven. 

OOH^: i.q. ooK-rhS.: i"f- of ^&.'- 

0^*4 £J.^: s. writing material. Rad. J?,«5.:: 

""OR^^: s, blow upon the cheek. Rad. RfJ.:: 

croitfj^m,: s. any thing that swecffins, sUxet- 
meats, and spice in general, not excepting salt, 
and bitter things. Rad. R^S^JTl:: 

ynO: i.q.TO'V-: 

'^i}'i: i.q. o^R-r-V" 

o^QT-O"- adj. & s. paralytic, a person afflicted 
with palsy. 

*^Q,f\'^'- s. means for shifting, transplanting, 
removing from one place to another ; there- 
fore es^i. shovel, tvinnowing-fan. Luc. iii. 17. 
Rad. d. A 1*1" 

m'^/\^JP: s. ptace where water springs ; foun- 
tain, source, spring. Isai. xxxv. 7. Rad. 

ov^i!,tl- inf. of d.(irt:: the breaking, breach, 
downfal, ruin. 

^^Q,dJ^'- s. instrument far breaking, ruining, 
ruin, breach itself. Rad. Ad,*^!*!:: 

t"iQ.^.1': inf- of Ad.i." fruiifulness, fer- 


( 43 ) 

/"A: ... UJAA: 

o^&^Cy: s. mor^ of shame, disgrace, or hifamy. 

1 Sam. XX. 30. Rad. hiii.^" 
0^0.11 H: s. place ivhere any thing flows, i.q. 

€i^ W : flood, river, &c. Ezek. xxxv. 8. Rarl. 

oij^rtfj: instrument and vessel for pouring, 
ivatering ; therefore watering-pot, &c. Rad. 

oo^'Jp: s. solution (oi an engagement) ; separa- 
tion, esp. divorce. Rad. ^•J'z: 

ov^d)^: and ao^j^ffii^:: s. means, place, and 
institution for healiny or curing ; therefore, 
applicable to medicine, hospital, &c. 

*"J<J.rei"1": inf- of ?i4.CO>:: the ruhhing, grind- 
ing, attrition. Tf^fl: — : "the gnashing of 
teeth " Matth. viii. 13. 

o^ii.RyjP: 9- that which terminates, finishes, 
the end, termination, the last ; place of finishing. 
Ex. xxix. 28. T-^^: — : "place where one 
may do his business," a decent expression for 
watering-closet, privy, instead of the more 
vulgar t^jt^i: guj^f^:: Judges iii. 24. 

W : 

UJ:: Wfdy.'i-: s.vijt, the fifth letter of the Abys- 
sinian alphabet. It is often confounded with 
t\ : but in order to distinguish it from that 
letter, it is called ^^-UJ: U): i-e- the s em- 
ployed in the word nkgoos. The pronuncia- 
tion of both letters is the same. Although 
endeavouring to observe orthographic order 
as much as we can, the student will frequently 
be disappointed in looking for words begin- 
ning with s under this letter; and in those 
cases he is referred to rt :: 

•^tlC- Ar. j©-Lw fascinator, incantator, praisti- 
giaior. Deut. xviii. 10. 

Ul\y£^: Heb. "YirT't!), riuer, generally applied, in 
the Hebrew, to the river of Egypt, the Nile. 
1 Chr. xiii. 5. 

U|/y: V. a. to draw, paint, delineate, depict, 
describe. Eth. UJOA: "pinxit, firxit, figu- 

2«^u|A: V. trs. to cause or to order to draiv, &c. 
T^A: V. pass, to be drawn, delineated. 

painted, &c. Gal. iii. 2. f A*'A°n^l>: 

inC: "^'^ ^^'^ depicted or painted (lively 
described) among you.'' 

Ji^'A: and M'l^A: s. picture, painting,drnwing, 
delineation, figure, &c. 

wiAfl: adj. Eth. the third, fem. U)Afl->: 
^^fj : by itself, as applied to the alphabet, 
means the third order of the letters, that which 
joins the )- sound to the consonant. UJA 
!*!'>: (sc. ♦|>'J: or OA'l''") "fl'e third dvy of 
the week," i.e. THMcZfly. Pro v. xiii. 1 2 : Yl: 
VJ^tX'V- PDnin<f»: "that which is called. 
To-morrow it is Tuesday,'" i.e. "that which 
is deferred from day to day.'' 

UJAil: thirttj. Gen. v. 3. At. ^^y^ Heb. 

fJJffth' s. chain of small tin and brass plates 
hanging; on the neck of horses or mules. 

M'Art,: s. Trinity. Av.ijiiAj, 
UlArtA: s. pi. LUAflA: chain. Ex. xxviii. 22. 
Al. rtlrtAl:: 

•{"U|/\«|>: v. to play, mock at, ridicule, deride, 
scorn, hold in derision. Ps. ii. 4. 

/•"y^^: a. joke, jest, scorn, ridicule, and object of 
it. Ps. xliv. 13. Hosea vii. 16. 

UlAfifl: i-q- the following. Vid. Act. \iii. 27. 

lil A (D\ : V. n. & a. to have permission, authority, 
dominion, and power; to govern, to reign. 
Gen. i. 16. Ar. kC, id. 
?ilUAni^: '" i'"''' or furnish with authority, 

power, or dominion. 
TUIAfni: pass, to receive authority, &c. 

UlArtl.'i^ s. (1) a lance, spear. (2) a piece of 
cloth inserted in trowsers between the junc- 
ture of the legs (probably so called from its 
resembhng a spear). 

M'A'^T: s. permission, authority, poicer, domi- 
nion. In S. S. sometimes like k^ovcrla abstr. 
pro concr. governor, potentate, pi. M'A"! 
{"-"r: j>owers. Col. i. 16. Ar. ^^ILL id. 

UJrhA: Ar. J..vL sea-coast ; plain, even country. 
Zech. iv. 7. 

jUjroO'Tn: . . . Mfi.PV:: 

( 44 ) 

UJCK*:- -^.l: 

tumy-tpj; Ar. .^ the sammuji, hot wind of 

the desert Isa. xxv. 5. Jer. xviii. 17. 
Ujoo^: V. n. to be pleasant, agreeable, lovely. 

Job xxii. 21. 
^wya^-Y": s. pleasantness, agreeableness, accepta- 

b'diiy, loveliness, benevolence. Num. v. 8. 

P— :aoAuq>o^: «<a sacrifice of (disposing 

to, procuring) grace." 
UJOX»TJ,l^: Ar. ^^'UJi azure, sky-coloured 

(sc. stone); hyacinth or sapphire. Exod. 

xxviii. 18. 

IU'7»^1^: Gr. (TVfx^aivla. Heb. n;'J'iSn^D. 

Dan. iii. 5. : harmony ; most probably some 

musical insti-ument. 
UJ"l: v.n. Eth. lUM'O:: to be covetous, greedy, 

insatiable, to covet, to be a miser. 
A^IU-: a. covetous, greedy, insatiable ; s. a miser. 
fxtfM^; s. covetousness, greediness, insatiable- 

ness, avarice. 
A^Q: s. Eth. ]^C.Gy-". root. Matt. iii. 10. Also, 

blood-vessel, artery as well as vein; tendon, 

and perhaps nerve. : — : "a clue,'" " a 

plait of hair:' Rad. Eth. VJdjCD: "eradicavit" 
UU^: v.a. Eth. IJU£^0: to build, construct, to 

order or ordain, to institute. 

'rUI<5.: pass, to be built, constructed, &c. 
tU d,^ : V. a. to rise, break forth (of the day- 

h'ght, the sun, moon, and stars). Therefore 

Eth. inf. yojiw^^: the rising, the place 

where the sun rises ; the east. 
VJC/p : s. the rise, rising (of the heavenly bodies). 

UJCf : (DC/^ • Eth. '•' the rise of the moon," 
■ i.e. "new moon"; Amh. P(DC= ooqgp: 

2 Chr. xxxi. 3. Ezek. xlvL 3. 6. 
UICE" s- ce?/i7i<7, inner roof of a building, esp. 

beam, al. UJ47A" pl- W&.%^: army, host. 

Ex. ^•i. 26. 
M^QOi^-". & contr. M^iA" : s. order, regvlation, 

arrangement, constitution, institution, &c. Gen. 

xvii. 14. ?iP fj: — : AVw Covenant (new 

wder of things. SiadrjK)]); M^Q\^'. iusteadof 

Yl^J^'J: (covenant). 
jUJ^p^: s. poisoner, magician, charmer, en- 
chanter. (Bl.) 

W^CK^- Ar. jj^ s. veil, cover, curtain. Ex. 
xxvi. 8. 

U)«ilA: s. (1) beamin a building. (2) carriage. 
al. on-yfY'6.\\'-0- Gen. xlv. 19. 

IJU<^0: v.a. Eth. to proceed; used of the Holy 
Spirit's proceeding from the Father; (the 
Abyssinians, like other Eastern Christians, 
rejecting "Filioque"). Of plants: to hud, to } nt 
forth shoots, to break forth. Job xiv. 9 : TflCD' 
3: hj': P-Mui: jglnrOA: "owing 
(pfiuf:) to (Yl) the smell (H:^: i.e. 
refreshing exhalation) of tlie water, it will 

1*1 Ol: and U£fjtj: a species of little antelopes 
with aculeated hair. 

IW^UJ^: s. a window-frame. 

Hj€j>p; v.a. to torment, torture, plague ; to vex 
extremely, inflict excruciating pain. 
"i«l»P: id. Ps.xxxv. 13: 5j5.rt,T: . . . ujcf 

^"X^ . " / chastised my soul (myself)." 
•MU«I'P: pass. Gen. iv. 15. 
TWfP: act. i.q. UI'I'P." and pass. i.q. 

M'3*.E: &.pain, torment, torture, vexation, chas- 
tisement. Rev. xiv. 11. 

UJn : v. n. to be fat, pro l^Q: q.v. 

UUV'S-: Ar. JAm s. simlloiv, hirundo domestica. 

Jer. viii. 7. 
Und.C: Eth. ap. Lud. rtlTC: s. sapphire 

(gem). Ezek. i. 26. 

U|_Js^: Heb. b'iNilJ state and mansion of the 

dead ; esp. hell. 
t^'7\£\.". A" A: anuM'OA:: s. figure, likeness, 

image, picture, drawing. Ex. xx. 4. 

UJ*P: V. a. <o offer up, to immolate, sacrifice. 
Gen. xxii. 2. Eth. Ul Oy-O:: inf. tJDM"P 
■^: and Eth. VnM'TOT:: </ie offering, im- 
molation, the sacrifice. 

"^OC: and Ufj^; s. ^rass, &nA gramineous plants 
in general. 

Uf ^: s. painter, drawer of pictures. 

fJJ^: s. (I) flesh in all its significations in the 
Bible. (2) body, for which they have not 

M»;j^: • • • 6*J°: 

( 45 ) 

C"^: •••2\fl4«Tl: 

another word current; but frequently they 
use K^A: (person, vTroorao-tf, TTjOocrcoTrov) im- 
properly. lA: means the human body, but 
it is, as yet, very little used. The idea of a 
thing which has dimensions is yet strange 
to them ; therefore, of course, they have not 
felt the necessity of having an expression 
for that idea. 

fi*;;}%i adj.m.M';j^^: i. fleshly,carnal,bodily. 
— : T"n^: "discharge from the rectum," 
"stool." Deut. xxiii. 12. — : — : oo^Kyu; 
" the going to stool." 

UUfntTO: V. n. to he drowned, die in water. 
Mark v. 13. 

?iiU) fflfJO: V. a. to drown. Ex. xiv. 28. 
'TUJfnf': pass, to he drowned. 

"JJtl : s. hox, chest, cojjin, &c. Gen. l. 26. In 
the N. T. improperly for treasure, which is 

^:: C^f|: eEEs, the sixth letter of the Abys- 
sinian alphabet. Is pronounced v,'ith a vibra- 
tion of the anterior edge of the tongue, as in 
most other languages. When preceded by 
A : it often absorbs it; e.g. Gen. xxii. 16: 
Yvi^&.U^P^^'. instead of ^lAd.^iJ'F'F: 
" thou hast not spared, or -n-itliheld." Words 
beginning with t^: are, in Abyssinian writing, 
often preceded by an /^ : e. g. tt&.fl : instead 
of ^.f|:: "Xt^'l : instead of ^i^ : This pecu- 
liarity seems to originate in the nature of 
this consonant, and answers, in some measure, 
the spiritus over the p in the Greek language ; 
with this difference, that over the Greek p the 
spiritus is an asper [j>] whereas the "3^ stands 
for a sp. lenis. 

Q^fjo : Ar. Js^j or tiy : probably pelican. 

X*?n: s. & adj. Greek, denomination of the 
modern Greek nation and language. 

^90 : s. At. tij and Al signi£ doubtful. So is 
the Heb. □«-) Num. xxiii. 22. 

^ N.B. W^hether the unicorn, which Qb*"! here 
is supposed to signify, at present exists or 

not, I think myself fully justified in maintain- 
ing that it is not found in Abyssinia, as has 
been erroneously advanced. A large num- 
ber of full inquiries whilst on the spot, and 
from the best-qualified informants, have satis- 
fied me about this point, concerning which 
I was a long time uncertain. 

CJ^: i. q. Cpf} : and 1^«?»^: the city and the 
ancient empire of Rome. 

£^in]^ : adj. Roman, Latin. Luke xxiii. 38. 

^mj'j: s. Ar. ^Ji^ Heb. pQ") pomegranate. 
Ex. xxviii. 33. 

<.aqi,: s. Ar.^U) (1) ruby, a gem. (2) a 
kind of red beads, supposed to be made of 

£^a^q»: adj. & s. Roman, belonging to Rome, 
pi. CF^di'^'i- Acts xxii. 26. 

C9"JP: n. pr. Rome. 

J^^ODg : V. a. /o point with the finger. Isa. 
Iviii. 9. 
j^ijuflp; g. fifg which burns faintly under the 

2\j/crofl[): V. a. to lurk, burn faintly under the 
<^d„: v.n. & a. Eth. ^.UJ^Ji :: to be mild, tender, 
kind, clement, indulgent, benevolent, merciful; 
to have mercy, to spare, to forbear, to save. 
Gen. xii. 16: ?»d,(i^ijya: "thou didst not 
spare or withhold.'" (instead of 7\^i,C 
i31°--:) XX. 6: i.d.U'Ail: "/ had com- 
passion on thee." 
<.<.: adj. i.q. C/^^'i: tender, mild, compas- 
sionate, clement, benign, merciful. Joel ii. 13. 
d/l : v. a. Eth. ^Xi Ui-to forget, inf. £ro|;«^ '■}• : 
the forgetting, oblivion, for getfvlness. ^fl^T 
Alh: "/ have forgot it." 
•Vd^/l- pass, to be forgotten. Gen. xli. 30. 
R-J-fl: ^d/lS%.: "the (th .e of) plenty wiU 
be forgotten:' inf. on^i^^; the being for- 
gotten, oblivion. 
?ifl4«1: caus. to cause to forget, to make for- 
get or cause to be forgotten. Gen. xli. 51: 

If'tf- " God has made me forget all my 

«?:.0 :...<.*: 

( 4G ) 



nfflictioii." 2 Chr. vi. 26: J^lf: hfl^ 
flT'^l^'PAr: " for thou hast made them 
farget." Lament, ii. 6. 
dn^ '• s. corpse, dead human body. 

6,n. s. Eth. Cjhf\:: Tigr. QT^fl:: Ar. 

Heb. ll5fc^T Head, in every sense of tlie word ; 
chief or capital part of a thing. Gen. iii. 15. 
apex or tojj. Gen. viii. 5 : P't'i.i.': — : 
" the top of tlie mountain (s)." 1 Kings vii. 
18: pc^TBJ^-: ^.fl: "the chapiter of the 


n — 

Vid. GeogiTiphy. Head of any 
body of men; chief, superior, leader, i.q. 
7S.{\$f'- 1 Cor. xi. 3. In Abyssinia, the chief 
Minister of the King of Gondar, tlie officer 

, that at present has absorbed all the royal 
power, and redueed his master to a shadow, 
like the Pepins and Charles under t])e Mero- 
vingians as their " majores domus," is called 

1 Ras : so is the King of Slioa ; and even Gover- 

■ nors of provinces in the Gondar kingdom, are 
styled sometimes ^=f!"- ^.fl: also is used 
to express personaliti/, indiiidualitij, identify. 
Gen. xxii. 16: Hi.fL: o^JAU-: "I have 
sworn by myself." ^1%: ti&.fh' " L on my 
part," " I, for myself," " I myself" Gen. xl. 5 : 
?V.P^''^^fl>'= "each for himself," "each indi- 
vidually, separately, or respectively." 

^rt: n«5.'- adj. bald, bald-headed. Lev. xiii. 41. 

6,fl: n6'VV- s. baldness. Lev. xiii. 42. 

t^i^ft: and fxC^tl- s. Ar.^1^, lead, plumbum. 

Cfl't" : s. inheritance, heritage, inherited property. 
Heb. nU?"\ Ar. CL']P' and ^y^. Gen. xxxi. 
14. Rad. CD^rt" 

*^lXO: Eth. pi. iS^^'V'-' impious, wicked. 
Ps. ix. 5. Heb. ^eh. 

i.flt- adv. head-wards, on the head-side, about 
the head. John xx. 12: tx'i^- i\6.t\'\: 
IJ-AT?'(I>'9": mC't- "one at the head, 
and the second at the feet." The termination 
— 1: always signifies the direction, i.q. the 
English -ward or -wards, toiiards. 

^i|»: adj. Eth. Crl*-*-/"'"' distant, wide, remote. 
Heb. pinn . 

^.•I': V. n. Eth. O'h'l':: to be distant, far off, 

remote ; to ivithdrau; retire, to remove. Gen. 

xiii. 9 : ^C,^: W\R: subjunct. "that thou 

mayest remove," "withdraw," "go away." inf. 

(fV^.ip: the being far off, the removal, the 

going to' a distance. Heb. prT"(. 

J^i.*!*: v. a. to remove, ivithdratv, place at a 
distance. 2 Kings iii. 2: ?»^3;Af : "for 
he removed." 
<i«|"I»: V. n. to be thin, fine (as dust, &c.), small, 

rare. Gen. xli. 7 : p<^«|»4J''r"?n: ■J^fj'f'-T': 

" and the //un ears." Ar. i-,. 

^i»«I><|>: V. a. to make thin, fine, small, to 
d,^^: adj. thin, fine, small, rare. ?iPC: d/^ 

4': YIC.-- iCD^: "the air is a thin thing," (for 

' body,' in this sense, they have no word.) Ar. 

ui\ Heb. p'^r)-\ "a thin cake." 
£^«|>-^: s. Eth. t^(h4""l':: distance, remoteness. 
^.'JJ'>: s. often occurs for 0«5.'JJ't": or yii.'ii 

'1': <l-v. Ex. xxxii. 25. 
^q: V. n. & adj. Eth. ^^^-flfh:: Tigr. <?;ildi.:: 

Ar. "J J "lucratus fuit.' 

Heb. 1^2"^ "mag- 
num et multum fuit, auctiim fuit." To be cul- 
vantageous, profitable, to conduce to profit. 
Gen.xxv.32: T^T: -"IVn^A^v 'flYl'-Cr: 
"what jnofit shall (tliis) birth-right do to 
me?" Ptnj^p^q: VJC^ "a useless, UH/jrt- 
fitable talk (or thing)." 

"Tfin: V. pass, to be profited by, derive ad- 
vantage from, to use any thing, 
?i«^n : V. trs. to cultivate, use, make useful. 
Gen. xM. 34: "SslfnTl: Yjfi^nA'J: "we 
cultivate (train for use, live by) cattle." 
2 Kings iii. 4 : JP^T : M\C- "cultivated 
(trained, or simply kept) much cattle." 
d;n- s- Eth. ^nih: and £;n^:: Ar. %;,, 
profit, gain, advantage, use. 1 Pet. v. 2: d^-fl : 
A"«JlT't-: fi^^f\^f": "not to find (or 
gain) profit." Isa. Iviii. 9: ^^'fl'ja: OAA 

n-^: ilC.: a-Tt-nC: "antl if thou doest 
not speak (in) words in which there is no 

i.n: ...i.UTl: 

( 47 ) 

6.10: . • . <;Yl-H: 

6.n: Eth. C^n:: Heb. y^n "esuriit." Ar. 
C;^ "voluit, gulosus ventre, vorax fuit." 
Amh. non occ. 

ti.n-- V. p. & n. io feel humjer, to hunger, 
be hungry, io starve, constr. 2: ■frnP 
tkU'-. " I am (or was) /iuni/ry." constr. 1: 
ten.: inClh: "I was hungry." Matt. 
XXV. 35. Rom. xii. 20 : fllA'TtJ'!?": fl.<^. 
•n : "if thine enemy hunger.'" Matt. v. 6 : 
PO^i.n»: "they that hunger."' 
i.-n: s. Eth. d,-J-n.: Heb. nj;-j. hunger, ap- 
petite, famine. Gen. xii. 10. Ex. xvi. 3. 
<in4n: v.a. Eth. ^^nH: "expandit." to pile 
up, to put in layers upon one another, lay layer 
upon layer. 1 Kings v. 17: ^<^f|Qn-^: 
ln<J.: "they put (the stones) in layers upon 
each other," " reguhirly piled tliem up." 
t^Q^: s. i.q. d,'f\-- profit, gain, advantage. 

Prov. xvii. 10. 
Cn-0: Eth. the fourth (1) so. day, therefore 

Wednesday. Ar. ^J^Ly_ (2) the/ourfA part, 
a quarter, i.q. "i^^'fl:: 
d.'TlO: Eth. adj. the fourth sc. order of letters 
in the alphabet, with the. long a,as H: A: &c. 
^1^: Eth. <^^0:: (1) to be upright, sincere, 
candid, just. (2) to win, to overcome, conquer 
(by speaking, i. e.) persuade, convince. Ex. 
iv. 10. 

'Td.'^ : pass, to be overcome, lose one's cause, 
be convinced. Ps. cix. 7: nT9"TlT: 
T.H.: t^^-f-'- JECD'"!:: "when he 
quarrels (or carries on a law-suit), may 
he (be beaten) his cause."" 
^'f: and y^i.-'V- s. (1) supper. Pl^^l: 
— : "the Supper of our Lord," "Lord's Sup- 
per." (2) i.q. Ti't': goods, possession. 
1 Jolm in. 17 : PH.«: t^A?": ^t": JPA 
(I>« : " whoso hath this world's good." 
4^^: s. i.q. "h^^" aloes, cactus. Deut. xxix.18. 
dot"^'- YlCn.: "aloes and myrrh" (i.e. an 
abundance of bitterness). Prov. v. 4 : tt'i^ : 
gf^l^: pav^^: " bitter as aloes.'" 

i-'tlT.: Ar. ^1^ "resina pini." Jer. xlvi. 
11. Ezek. xxvii. 17. 

i.'fO: Eth. a. pi. ^.''f^'i". true, sincere, up- 
right, just, uncorrupted. 2 Chr. xii. 6. Prov. 
xi. 6. 

C^il^'^: adj- Eth. i.q. <J,«J,:: compassionate, 

.sparing, indulgent, merc'iful. 
CfMi^h.'- s. compassion, indulgence, mercy, be- 

^^•fl: Eth. s. pro ^.'fl: hunger, appetite, 

famine.. Phil. iv. 12. 
C'i^ff: Eth. head, chief., it is 

used according to the Ar. \^j^J " captain'' . 

^."iSjK: Eth. s. v'lsion, apparition, revelation. 
Gen. XV. 1. PP-fh'Jfj: — : "the Revelation 
of St. John." Ar. ijij "quod videtur" 
" conspectus." Rad. C."^ P '■ Eth. 

^Vi ; v. a. to overflow. Prov. vii. 18 : YlOD 

Oy-KJ^: "T^^yi: trop. "let us overflow 

from loving" (voluptuousness). 

ii.dy\: trs. to make overfloiv, to overfill. Ps. 

Ixv. 10: ■1'A'?"T'i: ISCyi: imp. "maA-e 

her furrows to overflow." 

^Vl rt : V. n. (1) to be unclean, impure, defiled, &c. 
Eth. «?^'n""rt :: Gen. vi. 11 : gn^^i/U; ^Yl 
rt^: "and the earth was unclean." (2) to 
be cheap, low in price. 

TxdXifi' .to make, hold for, consider as, de- 
clare unclean; to defile, pollute. Lev, xiii. 3. 
^C^lldh: subjunct. "let him declare, 
pronounce him unclean.'^ 

CXl'-tl- adj. verb, unclean, soiled, defiled, impure. 
pi. CTrrni:: Lev. xi. 43 : rtOhiS'^lh'} 
9": ?iL5'C^t'f-: " do not poZ^ufe yourselves," 
C'tr-ti : n09«: K^lYl-: " neither touch 
unclean things," C'il'^'^Tf: >^^^^'U'^:: y,^ 
" that you may not become unclean." c'n-Vi : <^ 

^Yl.fl: a. cheap. Ar. ^_/sJi-;. '■ ^ " 

C'h^l'l'lf": 1 s. uncleanness, filth, impurity. Ex. 

CVt'-rir: > xxxii. 25. Lev. v. 2, 3. Deut 

CVl'-fli^:] xxix. 17. ^^ 

<i^Yl,ft^^ : s. cheapness, low price. 

d.'^-n : s. stirrup. Vid. tl_>l(. and dij Heb. 

<iY>H : V. a. to support, to uphold, inf. oroj^Yl-'H: 

trtaXl-H: . . . T4R: 

( 48 ) 

dX- • . C'h'J"- 

and tniC;Yl'-'H:: the leaning, support, hold, 
and csp. crutch. 

T^TOH: V. pass. & rcfl. to he supported, up- 
held; to support oneself, lean on. 

£^<p^: s. Jibj, porlicus, porch, walking-place 

with pillars. 1 Kings vi. 3. 
i-(D^^ : s. collection of rvater ? Ps. xxxiii. 7. 
<^*pcp.: s. runner, one that runs. 
d.QS,: V. n. to tremble. Eth. Hcb. -jj,»-i id. 
*^*^.^- ^- ^^^^- the tremhling, shaking, awe. Ps. 

ii. 11. Heb. lyn Ar. j^^. 
d^'H: s. Ar. TJ dankali: kuddi. rice. 
i.H • s. a large wliite bird, which eats grass- 

^HO^'. y.^. tobe long. Ex.xx. 12: 0^'"2il: 
^t^TI?" : HIJ^ : "that thy age may be long." 
J^^H'^": prolong, tol.engihen,)nakelong. 
Ykti^HO^: id. to lengthen, prolong. Matt. 
XV. 8: Kfltfi^'HnP: ^C3'A= "i^ ^'^^y far 
distant." Here should {^"ptiT: " its exi- 
stence," be supplied. 
(^'HOU^: s. length, longitude. Gen. vi. 15: 
POVQYl'I}: — : "the length of the ship." 
xiii. 17. Geogr. P'J^M'd.^: CTHO™-!": 
"Eastern longitude." Qlion-p: ftl->: |a>.- 
"What is its length? How long is it?" 
4K: v.a.Eth. 4JJ?i: Tigr. 4^?^.:: <o help, 
assist, succour. Gen. ii. 18: P^-'Vd.^ay-'i: 
"one who assists (is to assist) him." Ex. 
xviii.4. ^q-tr: ?i9nA!l: ^.S.^: "theGod 
of my father has holpen me," inf. otjq^^: 
"the helping, help, assistance, succour." 
T<iK- P^®^- '" ^^ assMcd, receive help, svp- 
port, and assistance. 

T^.^: act. i.j. <;E" *o ^^^^- ^''™- '"^- ^^ • 
p^n^^.P : |J>i>: "be those who support," 
^^•. V. a <o assure, persuade, convince, give evi- 
dence, prove. Ar. I<^, Rom. x. 10; po^^ 
^dj^go: ^»^: _p^rA: "the mouth which 
proves, will be saved." 
"VdS!,' P^^^' ^ ^'''''' '" '''^^'^^'"^ evidence or cow- 

viction, to be assured, convinced, persuaded. 

Rom. x. 9: flAnU: •fl'T^ii:: "if ^Aom 

art convinced in thine lieart." 

4E- s. rose-shrub. Lud. 

<^: s. Eth. i^J^*?!:: assistant, esp. scholar. 
Acts ix. 36: J\'}P-'I': ^JE^: "a certain 
female scholar." 
^'jl/f- and «!^^ ?»,•>■: s. /irfp, support, succour, 
assistance. Gen. xlix. 3 : P^^K.'t^ : 6. 
f|: "and the chief of my assistance." 
d,S.-t-- id- 1 Chr. xix. 12: ^y^-1- : -t-inViiti ■ 
"thou shalt be an assistance to me." v. 20 : 
d.^'f: iriA^CD': " help or assistance -was 
(given) to them." 
d^' s. helper, deliverer, supporter. Ps. ix. 9 : 
I^ClV: «!l^T'a>': i(D': "he is their deli- 
iiS"9**: adj. long; sometimes, high. — : "T 

&.&.: "a Aif/A mountain.'' 
^|i^mj: adj. vwi/ /oni/, wr;/ high. The redu- 
plication increases the force of the idea con- 
tained in the original adjective, cf. J'AA 
"%»: S'rt'h : •JDAll1l9°': and others. 
Num. xiii. 32. 
<j^;3: v.n. Eth. «i^^O: Tigr. i^T^" (1) to co- 
agulate, to curdle, of milk and other fluids. 
(2) to settle, (n.) of fluids, as of a turbulent 
sea and other water, and trop. of human 
temper after a storm of passions. Ex. xv. 8 : 
qni^^D: ^^: "and its waves subsided." 
Y\^^: adj. to make coagulate, to assuage, to 
silence. Jobx. 10 : >»'}J^: ffl-f-i': ?id.!*l 
fj"Tl^: "like as milk, hast thou poured me 
out;" ■)\1<E:C19»: ^idjTf^M: "and like 
cheese hast thou curdled me." cf. the Ar. 
l^j "to return," and the Heb. i^i") "to 
repeat," " to return to quietness." 
Q'\: and "TxC,"^: s. cheese, curds. 
^700 : V. ai to curse, imprecate, execrate, inf. 
aD£^*|t|ra: "the cursing,"" " curse," " impreca- 

I" ^700: pass. Gen. iii. 14: PT^lT^fi: 
U-^ : " be cursed." 
Ch'P*- adj. verb, cursed, i.q. PTt^T"*:: Gen. 
iv. 11. fem. (^"J7M-T: 2 Kings ix. 34 : y^jfi 
T: C'n^'X'- >iP: "look at that cursed (wo- 
man)!" pi. (C;}'5: and fem. t;'J.uij|-t':: 
Matt.xxv.41: "i'lAI'ViO-"^!"- "ye cunec/." 

«»^<i^: . . • 0<5.: 

( 49 ) 

YxO&.- ' ■ ■ <ioa= 

d.ld.'^: S. a hog, marsh, pool, mire, mud. Ps. 
xl. 2: Tn«^"l09": f=^9- hfflq^: "and 
from the mud of the pool he took me out." 
Jer. xxxviii. 6. 
O'fl: s. fem. C'ln.fs:: the generic name for 
pigeon, dove. There are several species of 
pigeons in Abyssinia, which have each their 
particular names. Vid. *PA^: WP*^}^: 
Gen. viii. 8, 12. 
^IH : Amh. non occ. Eth. " fodit, icit." 

ttd^H: to conceive (of the woman at cohabi- 
tation), to become pregnant, or become with 
child. Gen. iv. 1. 
TOH: pass, to be conceived (of the foetus). 
Ps. li. 5. 
CT-H : and ^kCT-Tl : adj. pregnant, with child. 
pi. Amh. Q'hl*'^': Matt xxiv. 19. and Eth. 

d.1ll\ : and d.lK'.'-'v.a. to tread, to trample upon, 
to tread out, to tread under feet, &c. Numb. 
xxxii. 22: fpi^QFi: U-tf. nd.f: >,ft^ 

1'4TT' : KdS\ '• " and till the whole country 
is trod out before him." When a person, who 
has offered to reconcile two quarrelling par- 
ties, Ls rejected or not accepted by any of the 
quarrellers, he uses to say : <^"lIT»f^5': >» 
rh-J^Ali*: "forasmuch as he has rejected me, 
I better go away." 
T«iTfn: pass. Luc. viii. 5: T^^Trtl: "it was 

trodden down." 
?t^1(Il : caus. to cause or make one to tread. 
Markix. 18 : ^d,TmTA9": "and makes 
him trample or stamp upon the ground." 
?»fl4"im: id. Num. xxxv. 24 : ^Tin-yn: 
^Yi: hfl<il"lf": n.l*I«nj: "and if the 
people hear it (so as to) have it (fully) 
trodden out^'' ?\fl4"ir": here, and often 
in common conversation, is a strong pro- 
verbial expression for intensely, attentively, 
minutely, over and over again, &c. 
^^cp.: s. the ireader, esp. treader of the wine- 
^7^: v, n. (1) to spread, extend oneself ; to 
flutter (of things exposed to the winds). (2) to 
fade, to wither away (of plants). Ps, i. 3 : 

^RATI?": P•"J,P4^^: "a"^ the leaves 
of which do not wither." inf. vmC^^Qj: " the 
fluttering, spreading, withering;" "the mur- 
gaf," the Abyssinians' best sort of robes. 

Vid. anO^== 

"h^S^i trs. to beat out (the dust out of 
clothes), to shake off. Mark vi. 11 : ^Q 

jP: "shake off the dust which is imder 
your feet." to untie, to loosen, unload (of 
animals). Gen. xxiv. 32 : loo/v^l"?": 
t\^^: "he unloaded (and loosened) his 
•t'^^A,'• pass, to be aired, shaken off, cleansed 
by exposure to the air and by beating. 
cm: v, n. Eth. <i^R-:: Heb. yi'l. to run. 
Gen. xxiv. 29: >iCl>9": fkC^- CD"\' 
" and he, running, went up (or out)." 
^iCf^• ^^' '" make run, cause to run ; to 
lead. 2 Chr. xxxii. 30: ^C"l''t-: (sc. 
O^^CD'T:) " who made it (the water) run." 
Jer. xlix. 19: hCmTAU'f : "for I will 
make liim run." 
T&.(D(l\: intens. to run about, to spread. Of 
the leprosy. Lev. xiii. 20: A^S": 11*1*^ 
flA-: tl^&,: T^ffl'TTAf: "for the 
leprosy has sprung up (broken out) in the 
place of tlie boil." inf. oo^.QO'y ; " run- 
ning together, crowding, turnult. 

d/V^: Ar. ^j s. Amh. and Eth. £\'?C'- Gr. 
XiTpa, a pound. John xii. 3. xix. 39. Vid. 

CTTI: s. &adj. humidity, moisture, wetness; and 
humid; wet, moist; e.g. C/V'U: Idh: TxARd. 

•pga: " it is wet, it has not dried." Ar. ^Jo;' 

Heb. ya") " moist." « green," " fresh." 

d,mn: V. n. Heb. np-j Ar. cS-L;', to be moist, 
humid, wet. 

,?\<ifnn: to moisten, damp, irrigate, {seldom 
used.) Generally lYl*^:: 2\mm:: and 

CTH'T: s. humidity, motstness, wetness. 
<tEl: v.a. to sprinkle, slightly irrigate, Ex. xii 

fr^CO.: •• rt: 

( 50 ) 



22. imp. pi. >iC01;: pro QVO:: sjmnkle. 

inf. OWCCO.Of : the sprinkling, affusion. 

'T^CO.: pfiss- "'as sprinkled, inf. oo <» qj,.*!"; ; 

^kfl<:i^(XI.: caus. <o make or cauw /o sprinkle. 
^m,: s. course, race. Acts xx. 24 : <J.tq,B,T: 

>»flVl<5.»g": J^4fl: "until I finish my 

course," 2 Tim. iv. 7. 
*5iAi'nA.lQ : Eur. s. republic. Vid, Geogr. 

<i^l^^-^: Ar. I— sJa) " young ostrich. Vid. Go- 

lius Lex. Lev. xi. 14. and Jer. viii. 7. it is 

intended for u sio-rk. 

d.&.'P- '^•n- to sit at table (at a meal). Matt. 

viii. 11. inf. co(;;<5_^: Eth. ffOQ^^tp: 

the meal, feasting, feast.''' John ii. 9 : pijtaQ 

4.^: KAS*: " ruler oi the feast." 

4<5.K= V- impers. or rather referring to the 

sun. It is forenoon. 0<^»^: ^<1^£J.KA: and 

4il^<5.K" ^'^^ "the sun is in the middle of his 

course from the horizon to the zenith. 0^^ 

JE: or <!>'}: ^^Q^^'flV^t- "the forenoon 

comes upon me," " the morning passes away." 

?i«^(5.K- "^'- ^- to pass or spend the forenoon. 

"K^g.^: ?\4«5..^: "How have you (>»C 

I*|(p: yoM sing.) passed, or ip'^ni fAe /ore- 

iwon?" i.e. "Good morning" (or forenoon) ! 

S.Vi'- ^d.&.J^V- "Hast thou speni the 

forenoon well .-* " 

?ifl<i^d.K- caus. ^0 maA-e pass or spend the 

forenoon, e.g. when persons part with each 

other in the course of a morning, he who 

goes, says to him that remains : fl^tir : 

ytl^Q.RM- "May He (sc. God) cause 

thee to spend the forenoon in health " (or 

rather, in well-being). The answer is : K 

" Amen ! may He cause thee also to sjjend 
the forenoon well ! " Then follows the last 
reply: "hP^Ti' "Amen!" 
^^^■. s. forenoon, beginning about 9, and 
lasting till after 11 o'clock in the morning. 

rt: fl^: SAT, the seventh letter of the Abys- 
sinian alphabet. To distinguish it from the 

U): they call it "J^i^f : l1: the t\: of the 

word >»»^-"j': (fire). Originally tliere may 
have been a difference in tlie pronunciation 
of these two letters, perhaps corresponding 
to the difference between i^ and i^ ic ♦lie 
Arabic, and D and to in the Hebrew; but. 
at present, both are equally pronounced, as 
well in the Amharic as in the Tigre and in 
the Ethiopic. 

fl — : as apreformafive to verbs, serves to form 
participles of tinie, corivsponding to our En- 
glish parf/c/p/es present, and soluble by when, 
since, ichilst. It joins, of course, in accord- 
ance with the first consonant. It absorbs the 
"JS: without any change, the Yv'- by being 
turned into f\: and th JJ: by bcfoming fl^i: 
Before JP : it becomes rt. : without changing 
the ^:: e.g. |\A: "saying," "as he said." 
rt^lfi-: "'being," "as, iclwn, or since they 
are or were." "^AU-: "being," "whilst I 
am;" fjcrorrj: "coming," "when I come." 
f!^'R"6i.: "writing," "ivhen thou writest." 
fl""rR<fVP: "praying,' "uhcn you pray." 
IXFJETCT: " doing," " when he does." Often 
is T.H.: joined, quite plconastically, as the no- 
tion of time is already expressed; e.g. fjTjI^C 
"1: "XVL- "ivhilst we do." With the negative h: 
becoming i^j : it often signifies hfore, ere, pre- 
viousto; e.g. /\'nC*i9": "l^fflAj^': "before 
Abraham was born." John viii. 58. •^^E.lf 
"F: "before they met together," Matt. i. 18. 

— fl: is often used as an enc/^/con, joined to 
nouns and pronouns, &c., in sentences which 
are afterwards followed by explanatory or 
contradictory conclusions, where a 3^4, : or 
TJ: or "klQ: Ti: coiTesponds to this tl" 
e.g. O&'P^tl: h^SL-J-ff]*!^: £<.: "^I'lg: 
0(I>«I>'F: Pf^y^CI: rtCD-: a)K.->: .ET 
iA- "as for knowledge, there is no want of 
it; but where is the man to be found that 
acts according to his knowledge .3" Some- 
times it connects several nouns together, and 
may be rendered and, or, where 90 ; and f : 
would do the same service. Sometimes it 
gives the sentence a peculiar expression 

— "Tir-T'lA: 

( 51 ) 

«TlA: . . flA'l' 

wliich corresponds to the Greek ye, rot, and 
the like nice particles, and cannot very well 
be turned into English. Vid. Rom. viii. 32, 
33, 34, 35. 
— lY : qformciive, but — is used in short and em- 
phatic questions, which serve for replies to 
preceding statements; e.g. "XlA: (h.J^:: 
"N. N. is gone." Ques. 'foYi-V^: "But his 
wife?" Answer: YiCJ"I': P6^- th.^^: 
" She is gone with him." 
fltJT'^: and fl/hT'l": s. er-ror, mistake, prac- 
tical and theoretical; heresy, blunder, fault. 
Lev. V. 1 9. where also the derivation from 
•TlT: Eth. fl/hT: is given. 
flA : because, for the sake of, in favour of, instead 
of, for, concernimj, on. XlH.h-flth.C^ ^^^ 
tlQfl-i-tl: 9n"nC: ^«?«4fA: "God is 
gracious unto us (has mercy upon us) because 
of (for the sake of) Christ's merits." t\t\.' 
•3rt»1: why? what for? on what account? 
wherefore? flAHtl: therefore, (pro fJA: 
^U:) flAS.: "on my accounV^; flATT: fl 
ACI*!"" ^^- "onihjaccountr "oh his account.'''' 

\\cS\-^t\- t\e\V■.^p^v■. ftARW^: t^V-- 

Yi:5(Il.?i'V: U"A«: >»"ltro"^:: "Christ died 
for us; therefore let us die unto (from) all 
sin.' rtOh: :JnX?i^'i: flA: rtd.: JKqn 
^ift : " because man has sinned, he dies (must 
die)." ^t|: goO^.Q.: flA: '^^o^ri': 
^f^<5.^:: "this chapter treats on faith." 
1 Cor. viii. 1, 4. xii. 1, 3. xvi. 1. &c. 
t\f\.: V. n. to succeed, prosper. 2 Chr. xx. 20 : 
n^,"?": U-A-: n^-?-: J£7lA¥:l.A: "and 
every thing will be found prospering unto 

you." Vid. Ar. "j-'^ " rectS habuit." Heb. 

7''3ton, " to act wisely," " to prosper" 

?irtA: V. a. to give prosperity, cause to suc- 
ceed, make prosper. Gen. xxxix. 3. 
•lA: TiTlA: '•?• "^lA: &c. Gal. iii. 2. 
1^ A: V. n. to be sharp. Eth. rtdiA : " ucuit." 

lhy\ A : trs. &caus. fo sharpen, cause to sharpen. 

•f»i^/^; pass, to he sharpened ; to vow, make 
a vow or solemn promise, to devote. Lev. 
xxvii. 2, 9, 14, 20, 23. 

«TlA: V, n. to cough. Etlu rtOA: Ar. J>»««,. 
Ill A: s. a cough: alLas "ign^-}:; 

•lA: no. t\' J^A: lijAi^si /le is (at hand) or ei«/*. 

•TiA: s. an animal formed like an ass, but with 
long horns which stand straight up. — Abys- 
sinian informants. 

IXA: part. temp. 3 p. m. sing, of the verb 2\A: 
to say : saying ; " whilst he says or said" f\ 
■^A: fern, "whilst she says"'; fl^A: 2 p. m. 

«.• rt^t»- nnrl fi^Fi ff • 9 n. fpm.- r^^- anri 

fin A'- 1 p. s. ; rtLA-: 3 p. pi. ; fli^A": 2 p. 

pl.; inei.1 1 p. pi. Vid. tvf\-: 
rt,A : ?i^<J.: a certain bird of prey, probably 

hawk. Deut. xiv. 12. 
flAA: V. n. <o 6e hoarse, to have a sore throat. 

Ps. Ixix. 3. and of members of the body : to 

he lame, iv'ithered. Matt. xii. 10. 

rt AT" : Eth. Ar. *!«» Heb. Cib^, peace, hap- 
p'lness, prosperity, safety, quietness. Is not used 
in common lanOTagfe, for fear of falling; in with 
Mahometanism. In salutation they use |lA 
•?";f' : 5''i^. ; but in the Scriptures, and in reli- 
gious conversation, 1*1 A9": is used. Gen. 
XV. 15. Ex. xviii. 7. 

J\i^^ati: v. trs. to send greetings or salu- 
1"i^^oo: a. to greet, to salute. 

tl^V'3"- s. greeting, salutation. rtA^'^J'i^ 
*i: flrtlfly*: "give him my salutation," my 
respects, or compliments. 

f'AfS'P A : s. glutton, a voracious person. 
TTtr'A°r'A : V. n. to be gluttonous, vo- 
racious, to eat a large quantify enormously 

I^Afl: V. a. to emasculate, castrate, (used of 
TrtAil: pass, to be castrated, emasculated, 

rtAH: s. (1) eunuch. (2) prey of plundering 
soldiers and of robbers. 

flA'^: s. (1) sharpness, acuteness ; arms, and 
any tiling that cuts. Gen. xxvii. 3. Rad. 
if^A: "tobe sharp." 

(2) vow. Lev. xxvii. 3. Rad. i^jA: " to make 
a vow." 


tlAt: •' .Trtoq: 

( 52 ) Trtf"!"^: .. . «Tl"^: 

fl A'l' : s. air, tune, melody. 

tltiH': v.n. to be putrid, to stiid- ; trop. to be 

loathsome, disgusted, to be lazij. Ex. v. 8. 

constr. ii. rtA^-TTAf: " for they are lazy."' 

pret neg. ^kArtA^tI9n: "thou hast not 
' been idle.'" Apoc. ii. 3. pres. apoc. c. conj. 

'>V'iS;£rt A=rtl : " lest he be weary of thee." 

Prov. XXV. 17. 
flA3P: s. a leather-bay (in the Shoa dialect In 

the Gondar kingdom, and in Argobba, they 

use )\^oi)^: in Tigre Ar«>«!*^'*"::^ 
1*1 A.1 : s. date-free, and its brandies. Lev. xxiii. 

40. The fruit is called "fT^^:: 
llAm.: s. i.q. 11)^01.'}: q.v. Num. xxv. 7. 
rtAm: and rtAfili: c. deriw. v. lUAfll:: 
rtA«5. : V. a. to jneparefor war, and to go to war. 
t\6t^- s. war, esp. preparation for it. 
rtA^: immoderate eater, glutton, &c. 
fl£%.&/^: s. warrior, soldier. 

rt^a: and rtgoo: At. ^^. s. wax. Micah 

i. 4. 
rtoq : V. a. rt^DO : Eth. Ar. ^Ji:, Heb. 5,^2^, 
to hear, to harken, to listen, to obey, to under- 
stand, constr. 2. 1 p. sing. rt^^SFAlhi": 
"for / have heard." Kx. iii. 7 : YldJTi: ?»^. 
l*|ai29U: "he does not listen to wliat I say." 
"he does not understand vrliat I say." J^fl 
O™'^ : ttX'X '• " Hear me. Sir ! "' inf. crof| 
mj-t*:: As they have not, in the Amharic, 
any distinct word denoting the reception of 
impressions by the senses, they use |*loq: 
for the purpose ; signifying also to feel, as well 
in the mind as in the body; e.g. (JJ'^'^'J: 
TkrtcnJAlh: "I feel fain." -flQKr'i- ^ 
o^l>: "//<?/< cold." 

hfl°^i- caus. to make hear, cause to hear; 
also, to practise witchcraft, to enchant, to 
charm, to spell, inf. afjfiaVi^:: Deut. 
XX. 9: ?vA*'T'7": XT: hJ^O®-: 
qi*|aD<: T^H.: "and when the chiefs, 
calming or quieting, (shall) have made 
(them) hear." 
I-I^nrq: pass, to be heard, and obeyed, inf. 
vufimi^:: KA°'t:Trt"^: "my prayer 
Jias been heard." >k1j?,U: ^A: llC: 

tl-f": ?kAl:*rt"^9":: "such a thing has 
never been heard of." 
•l«rtaqtrq: reciproc. Tigr. Trttujgncj.:: 

to agree together, to accord, harmonize, to 
suit. Ex. XV. 20: nTrtt"/"^: YlflCr: 
q^qtJ: •• with the timbrel and the atamo 
(vid. ?\J-qD:) which harmonized (toge- 
ther)." n<J.-r?°^'5: A.rtt"J"g: "to 
agree with labourers," ;. e. to engage them. 
Matt. XX. 1. "S^Atl: l^A•■^: "^Cff: 
nCM^'ur: J^xn^y"""*/": "these two 
do not agree with each other." JEtl ■ (Dt!^' 
?k^l1aTjori}7n: "this report does not 
agree," i.e. is suspicious. inf. oiii^tnj 
cnj't': harmony, accord, agreement, symme- 
try, fitness, suitableness, &c. part. rel. 
pret. PTrto^oij: that whicli accorded, 
agreed; accordant, agreeable, harmonious, 
suitable, fit. part. rel. pres. po^^t\o^ 
oq: that which accords, agrees, joins ; nc- 
cordant, &c. part. temp.^t"J: 
according, agreeing, harmonizing, i.e. when 
or while (it) accords, &c. 
2\rtaijaq; trs. of the preceding, to jyroduce 
harmony, to make agree, to join together, to 
make fit. Ex. xxxvii. 8 : Yl.tJ^fLAIT" : 
"ntlCjet^: OAJR: ^irtw^aiT: "and he 
fitted the cherubim above the mercy-seat." 
inf. «Tqf|crqinj-"t':: 
rtoi;^: s. verb, hearer, hearing, one that hears. 
— • ^C- "« hearing ear." Matt. xi. 15. 
Luke viii. 8. 
Ouo: v.a. Eth. flOatt:-. Tigr. fic^oij:: to 
kiss. inf. aoi^9D: the kissing, a kiss. flT": 
imp. kiss; e.g. Gen. xxvii. 2G ; i^OU^J: 
"kiss me." v. 27. iT|on(i>.70: "and he 
^isW him." P9^f|oiJ(i>^: part, relat. " he 
whom / kiss," Matt. xxvi. 43. 
•t'l^OTD: pass, to be kissed, to receive a kiss. 

inf. ooi^yu;: 
•t'l^i^ao: recipr. to kiss one another. Ex. 
iv. 27. inf. ODi^i^yn:: 
i^o^: stinging-nettle, uitica ^•ulgaris; a favou- 
rite food with the Abyssinians during their 
seasons of fasting. 


( 53 ) 

rt."»iro ■ • • rt^" 

f|«?n: s. Heb. DC> Ar.l^J name. fl(D-: 
Pf"tRi.n^: — : "name by which a man 
(commonly) is called," i.e. common name of 
persons, which is generally given to them by 
the mother after birth. P^Cfl'1'1: — : 
" Christian name," received in baptism. (The 
Abyssinians, like other Eastern nations, have 
no family names). flOT»': ogT: ^QX-: 
•'what is his (its) name?'" 90*}: ^tf^^' 
fjOO''^: " what do they call its name?'' 

rt9"4C: 9. (1) a certain flower. (2) n. pr. of 
the country between Arkeeko and Halai", on 
tlie N.E. frontier of Abyssinia. 

flOO-ffO': adj. verb, harmonious, agreeing, ac- 
cordant, suitable. Jit. 

fltpatp*: s. accord, agreement, harmony. 

tl'^i.: v.n. to pasture, to graze. Gen. xli. 2: 
JErt'"?^,: \ilC,' "they were grazing." inf. 

?krtoy<J.: trs. to pasture, make graze, to feed. 
Gen. xxix. 7: lh,!^,^^■U': Kfi^^^: "go 
and/eed." Ex. xxii. 5: Yl'O'fiT": f!.^ 
fl'^6.: "and if he feeds his cattle." Jer. 
xxxi. 10: HI: mT^^": "^"l^OM: 
YklJ^yrtt^i.: yrtinj^S.TA: "andas 
a shepherd yeerfs liis flock, (so) he shall feed 

^19*"^.^: Samaritan. Luke x. 33. 

I^cnjfijp; n. pr. Samaria, 

i^rjfoq: s. the lungs. Tigr. i1«?"t10:: Eth. 


tll^nC.'- s. the inner lining of the stomach. 

J c ^ 

ll9"n-^: and fem. rt^on-^'t^: s. Ar. jyJu 
pi. saj'Juj boat. Actsxxvii. 16. 

i(^00'{*: s. Ar. jjj^'-^ Gr. 6 ffcaruv, Lat sapo, 
Ital. sapone, French savon. Germ, seife; — soap. 

l^qof: s. weekly class, order, ward, weekly turn 
of officiating priests. 1 Chron. xxv. 8. Rad. 
rttro-1: Eth. "octo." 

fiail'^: a. the north. Ex.xxvi. 20. 

fiaqT: n. pr. si^men, a province of Abyssinia, 
bounded by the river Taccazze in the E. and 
N. ; by the provinces of Waldubba, Walk'ait, 

Ar. , ,UU; Heb. □'^2bO. 

and Tsaggade in the N. W.; by Waggera and 
Dembea in the W. ; and by Bellessa in the S. 
It is the highest country of all Abyssinia, 
containing mountains (Amba Hai, Bewahid), 
of more than 14,000 feet absolute height. 

rt.oi^f£^: s. Eur. seminary. 

flipi'ii\': eight. Eth. ft OO' -J:: Tigr. ht"*- 
-if:: Heb. T^p)S Ar. Jj, hSi^. Its 
cipher is ^;: ^iM'jJ.: — : eighteen. ISs IS. 

^^_g•: "a journey of eight days." 

1^ 170-5 •t': s. week. Had. t\au\: Eth. "octo 

fl^^'iT?: adj. eighth. 

i^qnjf : s. & adj. officiating minister, who is in 
his "^qof: or weekly turn of doing duties. 

flOTj-jy: num. eighty. Its cipher is ^:: — : 
?^^J^: "eighty-one. — : 00 -f-: "eighty 
hundred," i.q. f\^f^'\'V: fiU: "eight thou- 

rt9"0: s. wax. Vid. tVP^i 

tlU^O: s. Eth. the hearing, and that which is 
heard; therefore, testimony, witness. Heb. 
iTDC) "auditus," "vox," "fama." Rad. flffo 
O: Eth. rttnj: Amli. "to hear." Ex. xxxi. 7 : 
K'ttfi.: tll^O: "thearkof^Ae testimony." 
Revel. XV. 5: Pg'flTi^: fiyO: ora^J^fl: 
" the sanctuary of the ark of the testimony." 

rtoi}ff't-:s. Eth. witness, but esp. naprvp, 
martyr. Acts xxii. 20. 

rt'"JO"t'l't': s. state and deposition of a witness, 
testimony, witnesship, martyrdom. Rev. xi. 7 : 

" and when they bad finished their testimony." 

rtmj^: s. Ar. ?U*i Heb. Q^iQC) heaven, sky. 
pi. Eth. |'|ai5_S''S|': the heavens, aa-^'qiuu 
T: flf^y-t". "the kingdom of the heavens." 
pi. Amh. rtuijp-^:: 

rtaijjp«i>: adj. m. rtaiJJP«5-t-: f. (1) heavenly. 
(2) sky-coloured, azure, light-blue. Ex. xxvii. 1 6. 

flQ: s. Vid. ^mJQ:: 

rtjj.: V. a. |*I(^fh: Eth. to work, to labour, to do, 
to make. inf. ODfj^.-Y: the working, labour- 
ing, the work, worhnanslup, labour. Gen. ii. 2 : 

tfl6.: ■ ■ ■ flC/i'-l': 

( 54 ) 


Prt^CD'l: fl^.: ^KfTO: "finished the work 
which he (had) made." Matt, xxvii. 22 : "^T : 
Afl^.ni': "tihat shall I do with him?" 
Trt ^: pass, to bemade, wrought, or done ■ also, 

to encamp, 1 Sam. iv. 2. inf. trort<;.^:: 
]hil*l<S^.: trs. & caus. to cause to xvork or labour, 
to set at ii-ork, to see that something is done. 
inf. OTjfli.^:: 

tliz s. labourer, tcorkman ; adj. laborious, in- 
dustrious, 'flii^'t': — : and PTI*^^: — : 
siidth, mail that loorks in iron. 2 Chr. xxiv. 
12. Rad. rti.:: 

iVi: s. breeches, troivsers, pantaloona, dratcers. 

fl^Q: s. plaited or coupled thin thongs or straps 
of leather. Lev. xiii. 48. 

rt.C|: s. a rattling breath. 

flQ: Vid. U£Of;:: 

fli^: s. work, labour, art, business, employment. 
— : ^^- and fj«J.: Q.^- "a man that has 
nothing to do," " idler," " loiterer." 

tl^d.'- 'v.n. to sail, to ride, on horseback or in 
a coach. P(l^,^,n-'VU°: CVl-fj: .eihl: 
"and that on which he rides, let it be un- 
clean." inf. aatin^C". 

fH.i: s. sailor, navigator, rider. 

rt^^-ff : Tigr. a certain plant. 

tl^tld,- V. a. to sting, prick, pierce. 

fl^'p: V. a. i.g. At. Jy*, to steal, inf. oof)^ 
4>: the stealing, theft. Ex. xx. 15: l^^^tl 
4^: "do not stsaC rt^^-T: (DllK®': 
"he took it by stealth, or sfealingly.'" From 
a person: —ft — :: f-i/- A-fSltJ: fl^.'^ 
n^: " they have stolen my cloth /rom me." 
ttl^^- pass. <y ie rfo/en. inf. oofi^^y. 
Gen. xxxi. 39: PTrt^l'®''^?": Yl?„: 
'T'la)': inCtl: "and that which was 
stolen, thou requiredst it at my hands." 
Yifld.'P- caus. to make steal, cause to steal, 
seduce or lead to stealing. 
rt<5.«t= s- ihe stealer, thief. 
fiq^: and UC.^- s. theft, stealth. 0—: rfibK= 

"he went away (as it were) by slealth." 
flC^ : s. hiccough. Shoa. 
flC*'!': s. stealth, theft; e.g. P— : O)':}: "the 

water of theft or stealth," i.q. "stolen water." 
Prov. ix. 17. Hos. iv. 2. 
f'd.'T': s. Sural, in India. By this name every 
merchandize is called which is supposed to 
come from that city, especially toljacco-leaves, 
which are ground for s;n/^; smiffitseM; a sort 
of coarse blue or red cotton-cloth known by 
the name oi Surat-clolh ; &c. Sometimes they 
use it for their own Gy-C^- •Ih'/^nT': <J-v. 
fli.'VV' and ta.'VV' s. labourer, esp. day- 
labourer, workman in general, artisan. 
rti.T: s. a horse, whose legs, from the hoof 
to the knee, as well as forehead and chest, are 
white, while the rest is brown. 
fliS.r: s. a sort of bread made of pease-meal. 
tlC.'iGi' : s. Tigr. nostril. 

tlCi"^: Eth. and Tigr. wheat. Amh. fn^." 
rtC^l : s. Eth. evening, time before sun-set. Luke 

iv. 40. 
lX«5'5l: s. (1) nom. pr. Sirach, father of Jesus, 
the author of an apocryphal book. (2) a blank 
horizontal space on a written page between 
two divisions. 
rtC^ fi : s. back-door, or any other secret door 

of an house, court-yard, &c, 
ri 4 P : V. a. /o pardon, forgive, inf. cro fj ^Ji : : 
'frt^P: pass, to be pardoned, or forgiven. 
inf. ODrtaiJZ:: Lev. xvi. 30 : ^rt^JEA 
^•"^Af- "for an atonement,'''' or " propitia- 
tion shall be made for you." 
?iiflTrt<iP: caus. <o induce to forgive, to pro- 
pitiate, to atone, make atonement, intercede. 
Exod. XXX. 16: ytlfflC,^: H'i^: "in 
order to atone, propitiate.''^ Lev. xvi. 10 : 
^flTrtC.^n'l': HIJ^: "in order fopro- 
pitiafehy it. v. 16: ^fi't"flC.PA^(I>'7": 
" and let him make an atonement for them." 
Yl3fri.?\:!'^fl>*: "from or because of their 
sins." v. 17: ACl"f- "iSflUjPrtTrt 
CJ2: JJ'4rt: "until he shall have atoned 
for himself." inf. tnjfl'Vtl^^: Lev. 
xvi. 17. 
flC^P'V: s. pardon, forgiveness, reconciliation, 
' propiliat'ion, atonement. P — : ^P't-: "the 
ark of propitiation. Lev. xx-i. 2. improperly 

I^C^:... ri«1: 

( 55 ) 

fllV:..- Trtl'^: 

for p— : H-«tT: "f P'^flTfl^iJPrflS.d.: 

Ex. XXV. 17. 
f'C,^' n. pi". S^J'io. sometimes used for 'Assyria.' 
I^Cyi.= Syr Jan. 
rtCP" '^^^ •"'C'^- ^* * certain plant. Job viii. 

11. Isa. XXX vii. 27. 
flC.K.fft' s. Gr. ffaphvos, 6. Revel, iv. 3. 

the sardine-stone (a gem). 
flC.^'iYlP-tl: s. Gr. o-a|o5oi'i;^, o. sardomjx 

(a gem). Rev. xxi. 20. 
tlCKV^'i- s. Gr. crd/j5(of, 6. ibid. i.y. At^j^ 


flCI- s. wedding, nuptials. Gen. xxix. 22. John 
ii. 1. 

tld.&,- V. a. Ar. t_i^, <o exchange, to lend 

money. 2 Kings xii. 1 1. 
fli'Q,' s. Ar. i-J]^, banker, money-changer. 

Matt. xxi. 12. 
rtC^- ^- (J^i'Med cotton-cloth. 
. (Vi'&^tl' s. Heb. D"'D~iiy seraphim. Isa. vi. 2. 
fl^f'-s. a third part of any thing. Eth. f^tftl :: 
fjfl: s. thinness, flatness ; adj. thin, flat. Isa. 

XXX. 22. 
fjill: num. ?.</. flj^"^:: sixty. 
i>i^: v.n. <o be thin, flat, pi^i^: -(1^: "thin 
silver." Ex. xxvii. 17. 

f^^l^: act. to make thin, to attenuate, to flatten. 
Ex. xxvii. 6: f|*I"?°: K'lflTtJ: (constr. 
I. 2. p. sing, m.) ?iA'nOlV(D': literally, 
" and brass attenuating overlay or line 
them," i. e. " line or overlay them with 
brass which thou hast made (or ordered 
to be made) thin (by hammering)." 
1^ 1^ : V. to mistake, make a blunder. 
'I'l^i^: pass, to be mistaken, constr. (1)1*'^ 
fl-t-:: constr. (2) ti^fl^'TA: "it is a 
mistake," "an error," "a blunder;" and, 
"he has made a mistake.'" 
rti^: V. n. & a. Eth. UIM'O: " insatiabilis 
fuit," to be covetous, to covet, to be greedy. 
1 Sam. xiv. 32 : rhU-flV": A9"C^: *'iff: 
"and the peoi^le were greedy after the spoil." 

fll"!*: Vid. Awm-:: 

i^M: Vid. U£fii|:: 

flA'l': s. Vid. f^f^-t"-: 

t'tl'f- num. Eth. UJAflf-:: Tigr. flfifl-f-- 

Ar.iiL* Heb. Cj'^UJ three. UJA»*1:— = 
" thirty-iAree." 
I^flff : adj. third, e.g. — : fT: "on the 
third da.j."'' fem. pfiff P-f" 

flflV- s. & adj. light-minded, wanton, frivolous, 
talkative, dissolute, lascivioits. Num. v. 12: 

Ifi: 'f\^'i^GPU^' "if any man's wife be 
dissolute, and despise him." Prov. xxvi. 28 ; 
I'lrti': T^Q.' " a/a^erJTir/ (talkative) mouth." 

rt-rt^^l^: s. lightmindedness, fickleness, wan- 
tonness, loquacity, frivolousness, ill-behaviour, 
petulance, dissoluteness, lasciviousness. 2 Cor. 
xii. 21. 

rt.'^.E: s. food, nourishment, meat, victuals. Gen. 
i. 29. Rad. rt^rtP: Eth. "aluit." 

i^1>: V. n. Eth. lUih1>:: Heb. pHfe? Ar. j^' 
to laugh. Gen. xvii. 17. inf. aTJi^«|>:: 
?».i^«J»: trs. to excite to laughing, to cause and 
produce laughing. 
•^^ : s. laughter, ridicule, derision. Ps. xxxviii. 16. 

Eccles. ii. 2. 
rt'S'A: V. a. & n. to hang ; esp. to crucify, inf 
•Jofl^A: tlie hanging, crucifixion, the cross. 
Gen. xxiv. 47: •I'An'r'J": rt't'AlhA^: 
" I hanged (act.) a ring upon her." 
Trt^A: pass. &n. to be hanged, crucified, 
to hang; trop. to adhere, to be attached. Gen. 
xliv. 30: iQXt-1^- nH.tJ: Y^fl: Ttl^A 
A^":"and his soul hangs on this (lad's) 
rt«?A: s. (1) cross-beam in a building. (2) large, 
spacious house, generally oblong, covered with 
fl^A'1': s. crucifixion, esp. the day of the cruci- 
fiTion of our Lord, i.e. Good Friday. 

rt%C= s. Job. xxxix. 13. Ar.^ a luiwk. 
rt^ril' : s. Eth. trellis, grate, lattice. Prov. vii. 6, 
l^^c|>: non occ. 

Trt't'1': pass. & n. to be disgusted at, wea- 


( 56 ) 



ried of, io abhor. Lev. xxvi. 30 : \ ^,1^7" : 
1'l1l'I'?*'¥'iA'H^: "and my soul shall 
abhor you." 
'' /krt*t"i': trs. to create disgust, produce abhor- 
rence. Isai. xiv. 16. 
lTl«!»-3*<I>': s. Eth. lamentation. 2 Chr. xxxv. 25. 
Jer. iii. 21. Title of the Book of Lamentations. 
Amh. A^P:: 
rtl: and rt-fH^: num. seventy. Heb. C^ltt; 



rtn: and UJT:: v.n. Eth. UJ'llfh: "pinguis 
fuit." to be fat. PrtH: which is or was fat, 
and merely /a<. 
?iir*n: trs. to fatten. 
«^ll: V. a. rtrhn: Eth. tldifh: Tigr. Heb. IHO 
"traxithumi; laceravit deglutiitque." to draw, 
to pull. inf. oiJi*i-f|: <Ae drawing, pulling. 
Ps. X. 9: nfflR-fro^yu: JEflflTA: "and 
draweth him in (into) his trap." imp. "In^: 
"draw me." Cant. i. 4. 
1 ■ 'T'*!!!: pass, to he draivn, or pulled, inf. tro 
iK'^fl: trs. & caus. <o mahe draw, to cause to 
draw. Prov. vii. 16 : ?tA;JK^: . • . 2^<1 
'Jllf-: "I have ordered my bed to be over- 
drawn, i.e. to be decked, or lined." 
fl'fl^^: s. Eth. thanksgiving, praise, glory. 
Col. iii. 16. Rad. rt'flfii: " laudibus extulit, 
celebravit" Deum. 

hn<^: V. a. Heb. "Sy^ ^^- r^ ^° break, to 
frajclure, to crash, to shatter, inf. oofinC- 
the brea/cing, fracture; e.g. PJ^T?": "/hfl 
Yl: oofint^: Rd.ft': "they arrived at the 
breaking Ms door" i.e. "went so far as to 
break his door," or "had nearly broke his 
door," Gen. xix. 9. JZOil: >»g>: ?V'l-fl 
nC= "^^ ^ot 6rea/f this vessel (or furni- 
ture)." p:im.?»-r?^i: vcti-. fincTi: 

'• thou hast broken the tooth (or teeth) of the 

sinners," Ps. iii. 7. 

Trt n^: pass. & n. to be broken, to burst, inf. 

""rtnC" PTlln/i: A-n : a broken heart, 

better than ■t'th.'^: Ps. li. 17. 
htin^- caus. to cause breaking. 

rtnn<i^: intens. to break entirely. Dan. 
vi. 21: i'uniM'CD'lT": U-A-: llon 

|^q>sp(p,: " and they broke all their bones 
into pieces." 
Tfinnd.: pass, of rtnn^:: 2 Chr. XXV. 12: 
IJ'ft-9": T rtnn<J.:: "and they were all 
broken in pieces." 

rtn i: the breaker, one who breaks. Micah ii. 13. 

rtl^Ji: s. any thing broken, broken piece, frag- 
ment. Ps. cxlvii. 17: "K^K: rtHi.: "like 
fragments (morsels)." 

rt'flC' s. spices. Luke xxiii. 56. 

flni: s. fragment, a piece which is broken off. 
Job xxxviii. 39. 2 Sam., xi. 21 : PCDQJP' : 
— : "a piece of a millstone." 

fl'fiC: ^j- Eth. i.^. P'ttiUd.:: broken, frac- 

fl'fl<i''l': and flTB^.""!*: s. the breaking, frac- 
ture, rupture. Lev. xxiv. 20: fl'll<5.^: flfl 
•fl^.^T: "breach for breach." Isa. xxx. 26 : 
>»°iH.?i'fl(h,C: PAi'Hn-'J: tl-m.-'V: tlOl 
'}\'- TLH.: "when the Lord bindeth up the 
breach (fracture) of his people." Hosea xiv. 4 : 

ti-ni.n-H'ay^'i • ■>i<5.(i>"«lAih : "i win 

heal their /rarfwre." 
I^ni^ri: V. a. to gather, assemble, congregate, 
collect, inf. tJD ^-fi fl-f\ :: 
Tl*inrtn: pass. & refl. to be gathered, assem- 
bled, collected, to gather themselves together, 
to meet, inf. oortflrt'fl :: 1 Cor. xvi. 1 : 
flA»^rtni*ina>: "concerning that which 
is collected." 
^fi li fsn : caus. to cause a collection, gathering 
or meeting. 
rtnflT^: Gr. ae^aa-Tos, ^, ov, "Augustus," 

imperial. Acts xxvii. 1. 
rtfli*: Ar. ixa "tinxit pannum," to dye cloth. 
Ex. xxxv. 35. 
'Trtn*!': pass. ibid. 
iTinl'A: non occ. 
'TrtTl'A: to be tender, delicate. Jer. vi. 2 : 
PTrtH'I'A^: "tender, delicate.'''' 
fm'f' num. Eth. rtnO'I^: Tigr. h'n'^'t: 
Ar. y^ Heb. VIE) seven. — :T.H.: "seven 
times." h^i.: — : "seventeen.'" 

rtn-r?': ■■rt.V: 

( 37 ) 



, rtTl"?': adj. the seventh. 

rtrbt": s. a lif/hi-grey-co\o\ired mule. 

•^n-f: i.q. "^oo'r: q-v. 

rt-n>k: s. Eth. man. Amh. rtOh:: rt-flJ^: fl 
•lA: Matt. ii. i.q. PTn-H: rtOh: and m 
fl_-fl : in a general as well as in a particular 
sense : man of w'lsdom, wise man, magician, 
mogus. of. Lud. s. v. rt^A:: 
' iTinYl: V. a. (1) to preach. (2) to talk nonsense, 
talk foolishly. Both these notions are retained 
in all the words derived from this root. 
TrtnYl: pass. 

rtnTn.: s. (1) preacher. Noah is called PR- 
Jf«|>: rtnYl.: "^/le^^reac/ier of righteousness," 
2 Peter ii. 5. (2) idle talker, one who talks non- 

fl'flYl^: s. the preaching ; foolish and nonsen- 
sical talking. 

fhT^: Eth. s. ETTTaf, a division or collection of 
seven, esp. days, therefore "week." Dan. ix. 27. 
rt-flt^: num. seventy. Vid. rtn :: 
i^l-: V. n. Eth. fl/h't":: to err, go astray, make 
amistake. inf. ODiTf '"[':: e.i/. ^A(I>"I»'1'9": 
pi^'f: "and wlio without knowledge has 
erred," Lev. v. 17. "^€,(1^: ^flJ-A: "he 
errs," " ii mistaken." 

Yv'^'V- trs. to lead astray, to seduce, to deceive, 

beguile, inf. oqi^ ■■(".; Gen. iii. 13 : >»«1 

n."1*: J'l'^T'T'^: "the serpent seduced 

me." Luke xvii. 2 : V^jPfl'V: " than that 

he should seduce." 

■f "llT: pass, to be seduced, led astray, misled, 

deceived ; med. to deceive oneself, to labour 

under a mistake. 

rt.-l". s. rtnjE't;: pro rtfl'A't;: Tigr. Ar. 

,X<*« Qady). Heb. n»l/^N, 'femina,^ woman, 

and female in general. It is often used with 

the termination itu: rt>l;'f: which, where- 
ever it is to signify any thing, is used as 
,1 diminutive of endearment, or of feeble- 
ness &c. I^'^: £l^: i.q. 6i§^: "daugh- 
ter, girl." rt.^: ncy: '9- HCi'E^I': 
"female slave." It is sometimes used with 
respect to animals. In Shoa, they apply it 
also to "loose earth," which they call |Y^: 

9°Jf C= "female earth," a sort of earth with- 
out loam or tenacity. Clayish ground is 
called (DIJ^: V^RC- "male earth," which 
we would call " virgin eartli." They likewise 
applv it to wood, which, when breaking per- 
pendicularly, is called "male wood," (D*?^: 
"KlCtC^: when transversely, across the 
fibres, "female wood," t\Jf: ■5\^CCe-'^:: 

f\^: hour. Vid. tX^'V"- 

f\^--' s. one who is in error, goes astray, is mis- 
iuken, deluded, seduced. 

^i: V. neg. a. Eth. fiXl: 'nequivit facere.' 
he could not, ivas unable. 
T'llS: pass, 'nequivit fieri,' to be impossible. 
Gen. xviii. 14: A^kTH.^i'flfh.C: P"H. 
•"Iiah: YIC.- ^lAI" "Is there anything 
which is impossible to God?" Luke i. 37 : 
?i,P'n9"r: "for .... is not impossible." 
Matt. xvii. 21: pn^"1r^ll-70: PA9": 
" and there is (shall be) nothing impossible 
unto you." Ezra ix. 15: PT^lH: "(we) 
to whom it is impossible." 2 Cor. iii. 7 : 
>iflYl,«^r=ra>: ^*iri: "so that it «as 
impossible (for) them." 
rtf: s. tale, story, history, tradition. — : fj.*? 
^■^: "History of the Creation," is the title of 
a certain book which contains some fabulous 
traditions concerning the creation and the 
antediluvian world, said to have been com- 
municated to Moses when on Mount Sinai', 
but not recorded in the Book of Genesis. 
— : ?i.PI>J^: "traditionary history of the 
Jews;" — OTj^jpyti:: "Tale of the Virgin 
Mary," and other legends called by that title. 
fl%: n. pr. saxne, name of the tenth Abyssinian 
month, beginning the sixth or seventh day 
of June, and lasting to tlie same day in July. 
friz s. icashing-basin. 
flfwoYl.: s. senna cassia, a medicinal plant 

rt'iflA-l': s. Heb. n'inUJncJ Ar. ILL chain. 
Ex. xxviii. 14. ' ' ' ' 

"l'?^': s. a thick board, plank, fold of a folding- 
door, icooden door. 1 Chron. xxii. 3. Prov. 
xxvi. 14. 

rllH*: s. 'viatica,'' provisions for a journey. 
Gen. xlii. 25. 

fn3*i: ••• 2\rtinT: 

( 58 ) 


fnU»1: s. snuff. In Shoa they call it I^^'l* : 
' Sorat,' because it is thought to come from 
Suratin India, Pfl13»T: IL'V: " snuff-hox."" 
tn^'i- JPje-OA: "lie makes smffr i-e. 
" he snuffs;'' " takes snuff."' 

fnn-A: senbul, an aromatic wood, which is 
said to come from Nubia. 

rtl^nC" Ar. jJuj the pine, pine-tree. Isa. Ix. 13. 

rtin^: s. Heb. nnu5 Sabhath. Ar. ,^4- 
' Saturday.' In Amharic, it is applied to the 
Sunday, except \Ylien referring to the Jewish 

rtiriT: V. n. (1) to be lodged, to remain, stay, 
rest a certain time. (2) to 2)ass the interme- 
diate time between the last and present inter- 
\-iew of persons, or between the last inter- 
view and tlie present date of a letter. Ad 
(l):^tJ: y^^- naV«: ^fHint-' "let 
this utensil remain in thy house." Ad 
(2) "AlK,"^: rtiri'^U: "how hast thou passed 
the time {i.e. how hast thou been the while) 
since I saw thee last?" ^tlf: fliH-Ki: 
" have you (2 pers. sing, honor.) been well 
since I saw you last time ?" >»jti"l-1: J^ll 
f : rtin^T-T'll': " have you (2 pers. pi.) been 
very well since &c." n^ii?: JirtTnf : 
" may you remain well till we see each other 
again !" Tlie latter phrase is generally fol- 
lowed by : nKWi": ^ir^l: "May He (i.e. 
God) cause us to meet (again) in health 
(welfare, safety, every good condition)!" 
Ludolf has, in his Eth. Lexicon under tliis 
word : " (1) Sabbatum observavit. (2) Ad ob- 
servandum Sabbatum induxit. (3) DuoSab- 
bata (vetus nimirum et novum) apud hospi- 
tem transegit, commoratus est." But in the 
modem Amharic. the idea of rtin^: in the 
verb rtinT: seems to be entirely lost. 
hirtlfl't': trs. to cause one to pass his time, 
till persons meet again, e.g. nStlf: ^1*1 
'i'fl^ii- "may he (i.e. God) cause thee 
to remain well till we sliall meet again .'" 

■^-iH.2\'fi(h.c= noLi-: yti-i-n^^U"- 

"may God keep you (2 pers. pi.) m health, 
till we shall meet again .'" " Farewell !' 

2\rtmT: a- fo dismiss, discharge, give leave 
to go. e.g. iWH-n'i: ?irtr-fl-T: "dismiss 
the people." Matt. xiv. 15. 
TrtniT: pass, to be dismissed, to take one's 

leave, bid good bye. 

•Trtn n't"; recipr. to take leave from, to part 

with one another. Actsxxi. 6: "frtrnfl 

^\: "we took leave from one another." 

fll'lt': adv. how much? how many? what? 

tn-'f: YIQ: " how many things?" T^JO)': 

— : KO': " how much (what) is the price?" 

Yl<5.:h(I>': — : lay-: "what is its heiglit?" 

"how high is it?" fll-t-: rtcp^-: htc: 

"how many men are there?" — : *1_H,: 

"how many times?" "how often?" p — : 

'P'i: OD^^J^: "how many days' journey ?" 

0^t"ia)-: — : Atro-Tl-: hO^: " hoiv old is 

he ?" " how many years is his age ?" 

ftl^: adv. of intenseness and exclusion, with 

the verb in the negative, not even, not at all. 

Gen. xxiv. 55. where •Ti''jr'- would have been 

better. Ps. xiv. 3 : " tliere is none that doeth 

good," tx^ij^ ■ (VV'X- " "'^' "0^ one." It is 

sjTionymous, although not identical, with 


rtlYlA: non occ. 

Trtf Yiri: P'lss. & n, to stumble, trop. to take 

offence, be offended, Gr. crKavSdKt^£(jdai. 
Yvflfnti- trs. to cause to stumble, give 
offence. <TKavSa\i!^eiv. Gen. xxiv. 56 : ?»J" 
rtf^ A-^ : " do not make me stumble;' for 
^i't-YlAlrlA-^: "do not hinder me." Rom. 
xiv. 21: (Dljtr""''!'/": hyillVlA: 
"let him not make his brother to stumble.'" 
fnilA: s. the stumbling, offence; stumbling- 
block, cause of offence, i.q. 0T^«|.^" 
rtllfl'A: adj. & s. that which stumbles, cannot 

walk. Ex. xxiii. 26. 
m^'^C- ^- Sfi/afa/o/a, sc. Ttov'Ayluiv, " Col- 
lectio Vitarum Sanctorum." This is the title 
of a book containing a legendary record of 
the lives and actions of Saints, miracles per- 
formed by Angels, and other events supposed 
to have happened, and celebrated by the 
Abyssinian Church. It is divided into daily 
portions, and arranged for a whole year. 

tlhHd.: •■ f\\&,i 

( 59 ) 

hrtidL: • • • rtO^: 

rtlH<^: V. a. to span, make a span. 

fllTIC: s. a span. Vnj^: f— : " an (Abys- 
sinian) cubit and a span," a cubit and a half, 
or twenty-seven inches. Ex. xxviii. 16. 

tnZ.' s- ivheat. flCrjE: Eth. and Tigr. Gen. 
xli. 49. Ex. ix. 32. 

rtr^: Vid. rtrK®:: 

fnjdCrt: s. incense ? Lud. 

rt.f Jifl: s. Gr. avvoSos, ^. Synod, Council; 
Canons and Statutes of the Councils; csp- 
Pseud apostolical Constiiuiions. 

1*1 TK® '■ ^^^ rtfJ^"- act. to prepare, is but sel- 
dom used. 
^^rt^J^: a. to prepare, make ready. Mark 

xiv. 15 : ^irtrj^Al". "prepare for us." 
"trtrS: and l-rtfj^O): to he prepared, to 
be ready. 

rt^^: s. At. ,J^ musical instrument. Dan. iii. 5. 
f\\3 '■ '^'- a. to emasculate, to geld (male animals). 

't'rtl^: pass, to he gelded, emasculated. P"^ 
rti;i: ■i\^f|ll: "gelded cattle." Lev. 
xxii. 24. 
■^^3 : s. gelded horse, ass, or ox ; esp. a large 

kind of oxen with enormous horns. 
flj"^ : and flf"! : s. a ring for the nose, by which 

rapacious beasts are tamed and led. 2 Kings 

xix. 28. Job xl. 26. Isa. xxxvii. 29. 
rt^^A: V. n. to be bright, resplendent, glittering, 

to beam. act. to make bright, to polish. 

"VflYlfi.- Y'^ss. to be polished. 
tni^V ' s. polish, lustre, brightness, the glittering 

surface of a thing. • , 

fn^^p: a. polisher, furb'isher. Ezek. xxi. 11 : 

Ain3.P.9": flflKD*: "and give it to the 

rtTP: Ar. laJU. Amh. "|<J.(^:: acacia-tree. 

Isa. xli. 19. 
rtiniCS"- ^- ^^^ game of chess. 
rtlflrt*!*: V. a. Etli. fKU'p:: to cleave, split, slit. 

Gen. xxiL 3. 

'Trtlfli'T^ pass. &. n. to be cloven or cleft, to 
cleave, &c. 
rtT[<5.: V. n. to be foolish, to be a fool and to act as 

such, rti^: "fhey were foolish,'" Isa. xliv. 18. 

t\fl\&,: trs. to make foolish, to make or to 
consider one as afuol. Isa. xliv. 25 : •fl A rh 
J-T'tD'TT": PtnUPiniJ.: "and who 
turns their skill into foolishness." 

fl\Q.' s. fool, foolish person, fop. 

fn^: s. foolishness, folly. 

rtrd. A : Ar. Jj^V^ , The better sort of Abys- 
sinian drawers or trowsers. Ex. xxxix. 28. 

tnOS"'- s. foolishness, folly. 

rir^.cP': s. Etli. flf't: Gr. to (tIvclth, Lat. 
' sinapi,^ Germ. ' sen/,' mustard. 

flf: s. Monday. Eth. and Tigr. rt^^: Rad. 
rtlP: Eth. "diversus fuit," "iteravit" 

lX?iA: s. i.^. i«f,?iA: (j-v. Matt. xi. 23. 

fl1?»A: s. image, picture, for M^'^A: ^-l'- 

rt Vj : probably v. a. /". g. Ar. C^Li <o scratch, 
pierce, to wound. Prov. xxvi. 9. Eth. flYlQ: 
" to thread a needle." 

fltld.- V. n. Eth. rtVlti^: "inebriatus fuit." 
Ar.JL^ Heb.lSUJ id. foie or to get drunk, to 
intoxicate oneself . Gen. ix.2i. inf. fJfjYljT:: 
hflYld,- trs. to make another drunk, to intoxi- 
cate. pa^^fiYlQ: onfm*: "intoxicating 
drink." Num. ^^. 3: YlX^: ^YIATHA: 
Yltn^^rt^^TU: y.^: "let him abstain 
from mead, and from every intoxicating mat- 
ter." Isa.v.22: pan^rtVl4»(i>,'5«70: /^ai) 
KHA't: AOiil'lJ: "and unto them that are 
strong, to mix what is intoxicating.'''' 

Go i 

rtVj^: s. Ar. ^^xXw drinker, drunkard. 

rt^C* ^- " drunken, intoxicated man. Job 
xii. 25. 


fllflf^: s. Ar.^ Heb. ]'\'\^T^_ drunkenness, in- 
toxication. Gen. ix. 24. 
ft-YlC.: or UJ'YlC: and fl-lYrC: suga^. Ar. 

rtY>r: s. Aee/. Gen. iii. 15. 

rtdh: s. n-fl: Tig. rt-n'is: Eth. man, "homo" 

as well as "vir." p — : ^^: (i) "child 
(son) of Tnon," esp. "the Son of mon," i.e. 
Christ. (2) "a free person,'' in oppos. to 
nCP: Vid. AS"" 

I 2 

ft(D'AS-i'1-:...n.e"n: ( GO 

i-q. PrtOh: A^H': liberty, 


rtjEO.: • -^irtKn : 

tlCDd,' V. a. to hide, conceal, to aliscond. inf. 
ooiTkDC" Gen. vii. 20: \]fia)i.H'Gy-. 
•fi^C'T*: riAjE: "over the mountains whicli 

it concealed.''^ 
"VflCDd,' pass, to be concealed, hid, &c. ; and 
refl. to hide o\eself, to abscond, inf. tmfi 
WC." P'tfltD^: YIC.- "a hidden thing." 
f|(D.|^: s. concealment, secrecy, secret, fl — • 
T\S,d,lQy^- "he did it in secret.'" fl — : P 
o^_y^z 7\*\^V: "thy Father which seeth 
iu secret," Matt. vi. 4, 6. adj. secret, hidden. 
f|«PC.P '■ s- siiWARYA, an Abyssinian plant. 
rtTflff^: Eth. pi. of rtaMlOh: •scahi,'' scale. 
oojtchd,: I'lTfKD': "the Book of Sca/es," 
is the title of a linguistical book, written 
generally in bad Amharic, which may be 
considered as their Grammar. Rad. I'lCD'rt 
fl): "ambulavit, ingressus est." 
rt^'t": Eth. s. Amh. "J^h'Tt": ear of grain, csp. 
such as is just ripened. mf\- —■ "feast 
of the ears,"'' i.e. of the first-fruits. 2 Chron. 
viii. 13. 
rta>i-^: s. Tig. n-fll^:: Eth. fl-n'iM':] 
human nature, hnmanlty,person, soul, self. pYl 
Cfl't-fl: — : "Christ's humanity."' llOM't: 
_paD^A: "my person (i.e. body) aches me," 
" I am indisposed." Ps. xxii. 20. 
rtcjA: and i^A: Eth. s. cough. Amh. ^9a 

•IOC- ^"^ *^0C= i/^"'-'' herbs. Mark iv. 2S. 

"^O-fl: a<^j- Ar. ,.L^ "difficilis." Num.xv.8. 
: fi^: "a d//)?cu« ox," for the mere f\t^" 

rtcj-T: and i^^: s. Ar. ^U, Chald. nyi2) /wur. 

O^AO)': part. temp. pres. 3 pers. sing, negat. c. 
suff of ?kA: ; literally, without his sayiny it, 
i.e. without his intention, inadvertently, acci- 
dentally. 2 Chr. xviii. 33. 

fiy6- •■ s. planet. Lud 

rt^rm:s.Ar.^^ll^ Heb. JCto. {l) Satan. 
(2) a s/ircM;rf, cunniny fellow. (3) a wicfcc^, 
impious, malicious ivretch, n villain, miscreant. 
pi. rt^nifl':: '5.*ifl: nji"11: " Satan s 

Ar. ii,Lu#. 

horse,''^ name of a certain large bird of prey 
in Abyssinia. 

rtjE^i." s. Ar. t.jj»»i Gr.^i(pos. Ijit. ' yladius,'' 
a tuo-edyed swvrd, and sicord in general. 

fty^' Eth. ylud/ator, sivord-bcarer. 

fj^i s. Ar. 11^, 'tryxalis" a cricket (insect). 
Lev. xi. 19. for HT^pn (stork). Job xxxix. 13. 
In botli these passages, after the Arabic trans- 
lation, the Amharic translator has substituted 
the puny cricket fur the uiajcstlc slurk. Bet- 
ter in Joel i. 4. and ii. 25., where it stands 
nearly con-ect, for v'^DH, which is a species 
of locust. 

f\^fjo- Ar. ^jLa ' coUidens." Isa, viii. 14. 
This Arabic word is put after the Arabic 
Version, which has ^liLojsr^ dashing, bruising 
stone, instead of the better Amharic, p 0^^ 
4.^: Z'Yl^y: "stone of stumbling," "stum- 
fl^il : and ftil : num. Ar. ^^^ Heb. Q'^pp 
sixty. Gen. V. 15. Its cipher is s-- GO. — : 
crei-f": "sixty hundred;" i.e. six thousand. 
— : h£iQ,' "sixty myriads," i.e. six hun- 
dred thousand. — : ?v1J^: "sixty-one.''" 
fl^ft'l-: num. fl^fjl:: Eth. h^E^H't: Tig. 

Ar. iL, Heb. Vip six. 0_p : — : " twenty- 
six."" n — : "n: "in six days." 

fSJ^flTl': fem. — fES-ls: the sixth. 

1^^^: s. table on which tlie meat is served up. 

rtP,3'^: pl- — JCD'^T:: Sadducee. Matt, 
iii. 7. 

rt^fl: v. a. to scold, chide, to reproach, rebid-e, 
inveigh, to abuse, to insult, defame, to hhspheme. 
inf. oofi^-fi:: Actsxxiii. 4: -t-rt^TAU: 
"thourevilest."" v. 5: ?i-l^i^p/n: " thoushalt 
not revile"" or insult, &c. Luke xi. 4.'i. "Y^ 
"Yi: ODfi^'fltJ: ^O)': "(this)isthy rewYinr/ 
us." xxiii. 39. ^rt^flO^: ln<: "was re- 
viling him." Matt, xxvii. 39 : ^rtj^n-'l*: Y 
n*' : "(they) were revilincj him." 
2\rtKn : caus. to cause to scold, &c. Nahum 
iii. 6: ?kri^'flh«"JAli': "I will cause thee 
to be defamed, insulted."" inf. tn^fl^'fl:: 

TrtKn:.. Ti^KK:: 

( 61 ) 

tlR^: . • . fliy/V- 

TflRTl' pass, to be scolded, &c. inf. om|^ 
^•n-- Luke xviii. 32: JErti^'fltn/A: 

" and he shall be reviled." Rom. ii. 24 : " the 
name of God, on your account, ^rtjEJHA: 
is blasphemed." 
Of j^n : intens. to abuse, &c. exceedinyly. Luke 

xxii. 65. 
T«1i?n: i.<J- rtj^n- inf. OBi^j^-n:: 
l^illEn : to dishonour. 1 Cor. xi. 4 : ^.iVj: 
^•^J^HA: "(he) dishonours his head (or 
himself);" and v. 3: i.flT'l: ^TH/CiA 
^: " (she) dishonours her head (herself)." 
rtj^n.: s. reviler, blasphemer, slanderer, &c. 
^ flj^'fl: s. scolding, re^n-oach, insult, blasphemy. 
Deut. xxii. 17. Heb. xi. 26. 
flj^*!- : s. liter, the sending ; then, the stale and 
condition of a foreigner, exile; persecution. 
Rad. ilKK-.: 
ftK't*l[': s. an exile, one who is persecuted, a 
foreigner. Gen. xxiii. 4 : flJ^'TiT: 5^: flA 
IT: H^^'7": cnjfj-t'f: "I am an emi- 
jrranf, and a guest with you." Rad. flg'Tt*:: 
rt.^K' "^'-^ ''^ send, despatch, dismiss. Al. Alfl:: 
inf. OTJfl^J^: //(e sending, mission, message, 
despatch, dismission. Gen. viii. 12. e.g.ovfi 
RRtl : VirtKAU-: K<.: &c. " as for send- 
ing, I ivill send ; hut " &c. 
T rtKK: pass, to be sent, &c. inf. oufi^^ : ; 
Also, to be a fl^'t"!': foreigner. Gen. 
xii. 10: ^rtg^: Hljf: "to be (there) 
as a foreignerr Ex. vi. 4 : PTllKK^n 
•t*1: •7"^C- "the country to which 
they are sent," or " the country in which 
they are as strangers." 
T\^y^R'- intens. to persecute, inf. onji^j^_g-:: 
Gen. iv. 14: T^WT: Hd.: -r^RVtiV: 
" Behold, to-day thou persecutest me," 
" forcest me to go away." Isa. xli. 3 : ?v«T| 
RS/f^'- ("^^^ ^'^iS!/fOy"- "iio persecuted 
them," " put them to flight." It is written 
also ?irtKK= cf. Acts ix. 4, 5. xii. 7, 8: 
^gn-j: -^fl^VtiV- " why j^ersecutest 
thou me?" T^-if: P'}^:Jt^R'l: "(I) 
whom thou persecutest."" 
T'lKK: pass, of ?i''lKK" ^ be persecuted. 

expelled, put to flight, &c. inf. ajjfij^^y. 
flJ^Q.: s. stock or handle of a gun. 
flltU' s. a voracious glutton, who at tlie same 
time will not permit others to enjoy their 
rtlA: Eth. witchcraft, divination, esp. astrology. 
rt'fl?!: — '• "magician, jxayos,'" Matt. ii. 1. 
Vid. Lud. 
fnC- ^^^ A'^lC- Eth. s. the passing over. 

p — : 2\tnJ^: "leap-year." 
Si'iri'l: V. n. to eat much, to be given up lu 

rt"lO^: s. a glutton. 
ft-if-fn-ll: s. i.g. rt"l"1[;2:: 
fl'hT: "Xf*^' s. Tig. sEguat guasot, i.e. 

shepherd's rope, a plant 
rtTh"1: s. the ostrich. Deut. xiv. 15. Is some- 
times, in the Amli. Scriptures, improperly 
called by the Arabic name Icj'T^: J^]. 
fn\^'- s. thatch, roofoi a house. Deut. xxii. 8. 
I*nj^: V. n. Eth. Ar. j>s« Heb. l^D "adoravit"; 
to u-orship, to bow the he-ad or to prostrate one- 
self on the ground in token of worship. It is 
especially applied to prostration, wliicli, in 
Abyssinia, serves as a mark of respect to men, 
as well as of adoration to God. Is constructed 
with A — : to whom; e.g. Matt. iv. 9 : Ai: 
rt'lgtl: (constr.l.)-flT(D.e;'^: "'\i, adoring 
me, thou fallest (or wilt fall) doN\Ti." Ex. xx. 
5: KTfn^A^dh: h:r9"Ala^(D'9n: 
"do not bow to (or/a?Zj3ros^ra<e before) them, 
nor worship them as gods." 
rt'ljf : r. a species of reed resembling the bam- 
boo, used by the Abyssinians to make handles 
for their spears. 
rt;2^: and tX^'S,' Ar. $5l^ "stratum in 
quo Islamitae adorationem peragere solent." 
fl"lK'^ : s. the act of worshipping, by inclina- 
tion of the head, or by prostration, or by 
both these gestures together; icorship, cour- 
tesy, adoration. Ar. Jj^. Col. ii. 18 : fj 
o"A">»lriT'?»: fnj^'Y": Ka\ BptjaKcla tui- 
a.y^i\m>, "and by worshipping of angels." 



( 62 ) 

fl'6.: . . . Il<5.^: 

fl^\•.^v.n. togive. inf. ooj^ffj-l.: the r/ivim/, 
gift, donation; e.g. '7x'in.l[vT\i\\.0 ^.flTU: 
"may God give thoc!" i.e. "I thank thee" 
(common expression of gratitude). ^tlST: 
"OK"fh(J.: iSm^ : "give me tliis book." h'V 
^ *IAU- : (eonstr. 2.) " I j/o ye thee." A l1 (D' : 
U-A-: trofifn.-i.; 2\JE5Pa'1'7": "I cannot 
griw to eveiy body." Gen. iii. 6 : rtfn^: 
" she gave''^ 7\^£\G,- UiW' " to deliver up," 
" to betray.'" Matt. xxvi. 23. Acts xv. 29 : 
ni.4": ^fl'n-T-lh: " vmij (God) give you 
health!" "farewell!" 

TrtfR: pass, to be given. Gen. ix. 2: [}^ 
'^U-: -rriTI^-Uf-: (for TfffnA^^U': or 
better 'TrtmO "it is given to you, into 
your hands." Lukexxi. 5: flA: TflfDA 
^9^: "and (spake) concerning tliat ivhich 
was given for it," i.e. "its gifts or en- 
dowments." avadfjjiaTa. 
TrtTlfll: recipr. to betray one another. 
Matt.xxiv. 10: >»f;iV: nC'^^a>'= ^^ 
'^^CXr- "they shall betray one another.''' 
rt.T: s. the jMnting, gasping for breath. 
rtmuo: V. lUmoo:: 
I*|«paq: s. a certain /«?;•, typluis ? 
ftfn^: 2 Chr. xxi. 3. and 
flTCD J': s. gift, donation, present. Gen. xxx. 20 ; 

O)^ : " God has given me a good gift.'' 1 Cor. 
xii. 4. Rad. tliU" 
rt.m.'V: ?\A: v.a. to say iXfliT: i-e- to 
scratch, to scrape ; (of furniture) to crack, to 
t\SQ,: and i^ cp. : s. the giver, donor. Rad. t\G\". 
fti^z V. n. (1) to be wide, extensive, to extend it- 
self rt^fh : Eth. (2) V. a. to sew (with the 
needle), inf. ox3fi4/f ■■ 
?irt4.: trs. (1) to enlarge, widen, amplify, ex- 
tend. Ps.iv.i: hfl4.V£i^^- "thou hast 
enlarged (for) me," given me an ample 
space. (2) to cause to sew. 
•l-rt4.: pass. (1) to be made wide or spacious. 
(2) to be sewed. 
rt<5.: adj.fem. foL^-p:- sjMcious, ample, wide, 
extensive. Ps. xviii. 19. 

j f]&: s. tailor. 
I't-fi,'. s. a certain plant, from the seeds of which 
the Abyssinians prepare a certain oil which 
is inferior to nug-oil. 

ft-Q,' Ar. ^yc wool. Isa. i, IS. Al. Ptll' 

H'V-Q: "sheep's hair." 
1*1^: Ar. ( jL 'cEsalon,'' a iiind oniawk, merlin, 

or hobby. Heb. F]nC?. 
|*|i5_<i^: v.a. Hcb. "ICD "numeravit"; Ar.Jsjl, 

"scripsit." (Kngl. ciphci*)^o measure, to mete, 

especially to measure a place for encampment, 

and to encamp, inf. 0^i\&,C,"- Gen. xiv. 8. 

xlix. 14. jNIatt. vii. 2. 

'VtX&.d,'- pass, to he measured, inf. 0^f\ 
<i.C" e.g. t\A.O ■V(\&,^^■. "the camp 
has been measured (or made)." 
t\&,C,'- s. the camp, encampment. 
rt<ii: s. measurer, one who measures. Zech. 

ii. 1. 
fJ^J.^.: s. place, room, space. 
fi Q,C' s. the measuring, the measure. Ps. Ixxx. 5 : 

nfl£J.C- "with measure." 
fl&,Q(^' s. cd-rrcpcipos, sapphire (a gem). Rev. 

xxi. 19. 
fl&,f}^i.' ■^■- n. to be a glutton. 
rt^*^<J.: s. glutton, insatiable eater. 

rt^O^: Ar. (_JLaj..i5 willow. Isa. xv. 7: Prt 
Q/IQ.- (DTH: Ar. uJ',^ii^l i_jjlj "valley 
of luilloivs." 

fl^'^: s. width, amplitude, spaciousness, extent. 
PA'fl: — : wideness, largeness of heart, mag- 
nanimity, genius. Heb. 17 inh. I Kings 
iv. 29. V. 9. 

rt^'l-: s. suture, seam, hem. 

1^(5,^: s. tailor, saddler, sewer in general. 

|'|'4,'5: Ar. j^lij^ tinder. 
flGiXl'- s- Ar. i(-gw«, sponge. 
fltS^^: s. a flat straw-plate, used by the Abys- 
sinians chiefly for cleaning grain. 
fl^A.- ^'- °' '" spread oneself, to soar. Gen. i. 2. 
rtd.a,: ?»A:id. 2 Kings vi. 6. 


( 63 ) 

. hA: 


h: "I't*: snAT, for "lli^: (sc. d.KA: letter) 
the SH-Ietter; the eighth letter of the Amharic 
and Tigrean alpliabets. It is a sibilant, 
sounding exactly like our sh. It is not found 
in the Etliiopic alphabet ; but in the Amharic 
and theTigre languages it generally originates 
where the sibilant fl: or Ul = meet with a P : 
in like manner as, in the Italian language, 
sci give this sound; e.g. for 5^u|_: nagasi 
(reigning as a king), they say i^J fl : nagash ; 
for 9'o/\j'|_: MELAS) (that wliich returns, 
answer): •T^AFi: iiicL-Isn. This change of 
rt.; into fi : and \\z constantly occurs in 
verbs terminating in fl: and ilj: in the 2d 
pers. sing. fern, of the present tense of the in- 
dicative mood, and in the same person of the 
subjunctive and imperative moods ; and in the 
Istpers.sing.of both of the constructive moods. 
e.g. in conjugating the verb tl'oort: k amasX, 
"to taster ■^ve have ■>«J'9™«lAfs : tKk amasha- 
LASH, "thou (fern.) iastest,'" for ■■ri>^[\^ 
Afl:; "'T'l'aoi^: tekmash, "may est thou 
(fem.) tmle." 2|>(rof j: kEmXsii and JfOTsn,: 
KtMASHi. imp. 2d p. fem. sing. " taste tliou." 
for ^ourt.: K iJMAsT. 1 constr. 1st pers. sing. 
«|>7D^: kamEshic, "my taslinfj,'" or "I have 
iastedr &e. for •p'iPfl'P: or 1>9«f!E.: k a- 
mksye; and 2 constr. 1st pers. sing. «!>«?""'J 
AU-: T^^fi^AU-: and't'T^iX^AU-: for 

-fl: (0 afforvmtive 2d pers. fem. sing, pret.; 
e.g. ?»aS1: "thou (fem.) url ;"" fiin^h: 
"thou hast observed" aufTiW- "thou art 
come;" YincFl= "thoMwast honoured," &c. 
(2) suffix 2d pers. fem. sing, (a) of Nouns, as 
inseparable pronoun possessive; e.g. nJVi\- 
"% house;" q ^^h :"% husband ; " oojt 
(h^h: "% book." (b) of Verbs, as accu- 
sative of the substantive pronoun ; e.g. oi^Vl 
^ri:"liead\-ised</(pe;" 2\ AU-li : "I said 
to thee-r nOM: " ^^ told thee:' (c) of 
Prepositions; e.g. f\f\^t\: "upon or over 
thee i " n^A fl : " after thee ; " « ^U-aH : 
"I wrote to or for thee T oo^l-nfi: "he 

came against thee T nH'firi: (uazarksh, 
name of the king of Shoa's wife) " he in- 
creased (neutr.) in or hy thee^ &e. 

■1: v. a. Ar. sLi to desire, to ivanf, to %i-'ilh ivish, 
request, ask, seek. inf. cro?i^: desire, nant, 
request, &c. Gen. ix. 5: ^"lAlh: "/ nnll 
require." Matt. vi. 33 : J^ftuH-fl : Jifl-ir'Ar: 
"for the heathens seek it.'" inf. pi. PvlT: 
"seek ye." v. 33 : ^VYi'- IhA-'S: "hl^ 
•"rfl-: "tliat you want all this." ^i^^^T: 
?»A'1'7": "I donotwant anything;" •?"'}: 
■^ n AtJ : " what doest thou want ? " P9«-l- 
^m-'i: IhA-T: yS,C:j^- "he will do all 
that thou wantest." 

?»il: impers. to produce a desire, a wish, esp. 
by its absence ; i.e. to he requisite or neces- 
sary. Ex. X. 26: ptn^yilay.: YIC.- 
IhA*: "all things ichich are necessary.'' 
7\y^^U°- " (it) is not necessary for me," 
" I do not ivant (it)." 
HiJ: num. thousand. Its cipher is IF: 1000. 
hV: Yltlioit". on-^z ^Cn: ^i^J^: 
"one thousand eight hundred and forty-one." 

h'*l: Ar. U-j.! in the Arabic version, Zech. v. 
9, for n~T'Dn stork. 

t'li: and "SvF'U: s. iF«: Eth. Ar. cJ^ Heb. 

TJ^llJ thorn, coll. Gen. iii. 18. Ex. xxii. C. 
i^LF: and fllT: shoho, name of a certain tribe 

of Danakil on the eastern frontier of Tigre, 

between Massowah and Halai. 
iltIA: s. a red mule. 
flWA: s. and flVlA: j>otters ware. P — : 

cp.^ : ".potter s earth," Gen. xi. 3. better than 

Tie.'^: "pitch." 
^*i,T: Lev. xi. 18. Ar. ^^'^ a species oihatvk. 
flA: non occ. 

T^lA: v.n. to be better, inf. oraJj^-. e.g. 
^«1 A A : " it is better." -f^Qfl-. Yl I. : .E^ 
A A: "he is better than I am." TflA": 
inc.: "he (it) was better." 

^iHA: trs. to better, make better, to mend. 
flA: Ar. jLi -shaid. 1 Sam.xviii.4. al. trofn 

hA: •■ fi-9": 

( 64 ) 

fiouA: . . . h"^"IAiV 

i^A: »• mulberrytree. Luke xvii. 6. 

flA: s. sycamore-tree. Luke xix. 4. 

fi/V: v.a. to he pointed, terminate in a point 
(of wood or iron, &c.). 
?ii^A: a. to sharpen into a point. 

ri'A: adj. pointed, acute, acuminated. 

t\j£v: s. foetus, emhnjo. 

fJAA: v.a. to tack, to stitch, sew slightly toge- 
"TilAA: pass, to be stitched. 

riAA" s. ■>i'ntf^f'flf*'if'Knece^:^:OiTii. 2 K-ill*^ x. 27. 

l|/\iJO: v. a. to adorn, to attire, to decorate, em- 

?in A"" : caus. to cause, or order to adorn, &c. 
'fi^/Vao: pass, to be adorned, embellished. 

riA"*JL" ^' adorner, embellisher, decorator. 

nA9*': s. ornament, embellishment, decoration. 

FiA«"?-^: i.q. hAT":: 

•IA?*: s. {i.e. Plllj: ?vAil»: " chief or captain 
over a thousand") chuf, commander, captain. 
Gen. xl. 3. Actsxxi. 31. P?1aS'(I>': idem. 

fJA^^f": s. Nehem. iii. 23. 

tlA^: prob. JlA^: s. sheep-shearer? Isa. 
,liii. 7. Rad. hA'f:? 

i^^^: s. geminus-muscle, the favourite part of a 
cow, for supplying the hrundo or raw flesh. 

X\6^^Vf^' s. Ar. tc^ Pers. *iLi turnip. 

hrhP: s. idre. Rad. rtchll: Eth. "to draw," 

hih.'i-" s- i-q- n*i5,T: q- V. Deut. xiv. 16. 

il"^: s. cloth, such as is wrought in Abyssinia. 

Y\ffO: Ar. .Li Syria. IVIatt. iv. 24. 

flo^: s. a particular sort o{ jiearl. 

pau: v.a. Tigr. f^aq.:: Eth. wy."^: "prse- 
posuit" Heb. Dlto and O'^W " statuit," "con- 
stituit," "prajposuit." Ar. *U n. id. to appoint 
a governor or officer, to put into an office. 
Gen.xli. 41: i^«?ou-*?l: "I have made thee 
governor." Ps. ii- 5. 

-l>i^ao: pass, to be made governor, to be put 
into an office. 

ri'9i»: s. governor, officer. Eth. M^PfO:: pi- 
ji-mjoij-Tf : and more frequently Yva^ 
tpJ'f.: Gen. xli, 34; ^IC.: — : "fjovernor 

of a country, or town, or village." PCP'^: 

— : lit. "governor of the mud," i.e. the 

officer who is placed over the territory, who 

has to receive the land-taxes, and to lodge 

the king's guests, &c. 
fjoD^: s. a bird of prey, which eats locusts. 

Deut. xiv. 13. 
fi^'^A: s. stick or rod of the bamboo. Acts 

xvi. 22. Isa. xiv. 5. 
flaoff: V. n. to lurk, lie in wait, to u-atch. inf. 

aBJ*iiJH^:: 1 Sam. xv. 5. 

'I-J^ou<|»:id. Ps.xvii. 12: Th^"*?": (fonstr. 
1.) ytn^OTifQ: "as (a lion) that lies in 
iM!<." inf. croi^fro^: 

't"i^ati«f>: intens. to watch anxiously. Luke 
xi. 54: T'lT^'I'CD': (constr. 1. 3d pers. pi.) 
"watching with care and anxiety.'''' 
j^ODj*: s. the lurking, and convenient time and 

place for betraying. jNIatt. xxvi. IG. 2 Kings 

ix. 23: 'fiOTO?': Tidy-'- "it is treachery."" 
flfo-fi^: s. a leguminous plant, the fruits of 

which are larger than peas. Tigi'. ?v'"fC:: 
j^«ynfl<J»; s. cane, reed. 
fjoTJ't": V. n. to trade, traffic, negotiate, bargain, 

buy and sell. Gen. xlii. 2: imp. h9"'FAli: 

"negotiate (i.e. buy) for us." 

•j-fjaO'j- : pass, (of merchandize) to be bought 
and sold. 
fj-ao'i-: s. government, offiice. Rad. ptro;; 

naij^; i,. chant, trader. 

\]oo\: V. a. to iceave. 

h^^i,: and jl"yt: iceaver. 

fiaij_P'?t-:and riorq-"|-: s. comp. of h"?": and 

?i_p-'t':: the grandfathers great-grandfather. 

Vid. yoiiA-'t':: 
i^OTi'J/\ : V. n. to be or become old or advanced 

in years ; meton. to be or become an elder. 

Gen. xviii. 1 1 : hT^IAOh: (constr. 1) W^.: 

" they were old, agedJ" 
ntn3"IA.: s. an old man, trop. elder, one who 

holds the rank and dignity of an elder. 

Matt, xxvii. 1. 
n^^lAi": s. old age, dignity of an elder. 
Ti^^lM.^"- id. Prov. xvi. 31. 

hoofiim: •• ■ fl^.i-'f: 

( 65 ) 

•1C*«5.*: ■ Tif' 

I |OtJfD(Xl : V. a. to revile, abuse. 
Thoymin: id. inf. ODf]cnjfn'P: reviling, 
ignominy, shame. Ezek. v. 15. 

fi^: V. n. to recover from illness, to reconvalesce, 
to get well. 

hYid.' ^t- '" restore to health, to cure, to 

f\^^: V. a. Tig. tl^d„: Eth. rtO*^: Heb. -I^to 
"swept, tore away as a tempest," to anni- 
hilate, erase, blot out, abrogate, abolish, inf. 
—='■ •!_,.• nom. 111. ui . Ill t ^. fi, ji lO'ii 
IT: (better than Tx^i'lCi:) ''do we abolish 
or trmke void the law .?" 

"t"*!*^: pass, /o 6e abolished, annihilated, abro- 
gated, annulled, set at nought, &c. inf. 
cmric^:: iCor. xv. 26: ^HeJ.A: "s/ia?^ 
be destroyed." 2 Cor. iii. 13: PTili^CD'T: 
^8"^: >k^jZ;^P: "that they should not 
see the accomplishment of that which is 

t\Q : s. siiiRO, a favourite sauce of the Abyssi- 
nians. It consists of lentils (or peas, or 
shembra), which, after they have been a little 
fried, are ground together with nearly an 
equal quantity of pepper and other spices 
(when these can be procured). This mix- 
ture is boiled, with a little water and a good 
quantity of ghee, till it acquires the consis- 
tency of a pap ; and is served up in a dish, 
into which the eaters dip their thin bread- 

ti^da : SHIRE, name of an Abyssinian province 
in the Tigre division. It is bounded by 
Tigre Proper.and by Tcmben, on the East; by 
some Shankela tribes to the N., and by the 
Taccaze to the W. and S. : it is a fertile coun- 
try, abounding in grain, but at present bare 
of inhabitants, from its being a constant scene 
of civil war between Tigre and Amhara. 

fi(^qn: Tig. cp-ICCl,: Amh. gravel, pebbles, 
and other little stones and stony earth. 

t\d,d.- ■v'-a. to spin; of spiders spinning their 

t\6.6.: s. cobweb. Isa. i. 31. 

Y\d.6''t"- s. spider. Lev. xi. 30. 

nC*^'*= s. Lev. xi.19. At. jl/sjM, " picus," 
a bird which picks holes in trees, woodpecker, 

h"Cn : s. Ar. ib^ soup. 

Vi'-n : s. Ar. i-jj/i stockings. 

h<i'"t": s. Eth. f|Od^= annihilation, abroga- 
tion, abolition, deposition from an office. -2 Cor. 
iii. 14. 

n,Clr* : Ital. Scirocco, the hot south-east wind 
of the south of Europe, 

ti&S^: Ar. cl^ s. sail of a ship. 

fii-Q,'- VC.fl • — : " one, whose teeth begin to 
rot away," Shoa. In Amhara, ^qo^mj: 

tl'fi: V. n. to flee, to fly, run away. inf. auf\ 
h'V:: Gen. xiv. 10: flh-: "they fled."' 
2Sam. i. 3: Hll^: tJOfrni-: "//erf, and 

2\hh: trs. to put to flight. Ex. xvii. 13. 
Prov. xxii. 15: JPh'lj'A: "puts it to 

_ flight:- 

■liT,: s. one who flees, fugitive, deserter, refugee. 
n h : s. gauze, thin and transparent silk or cot- 
ton cloth. 
rtil'J: V. a. to hide, conceal. 

"Tfifil: pass. & refl. to be hidden or con- 
cealed, to hide, conceal oneself. Lev. xiii. 36: 
Thh^XAf: (constr. 2.) "for it is con- 
h ft T : s. concealmei\t, secrecy. Job iv. 1 2 : f\t\ 

h"i: "in secret," " secretly. Isa. xlviii. 16. 
h*Ml: V. n. to ascend, go up. Seldom used. 
?ii''i'I'n: a. to lift up. Generally used with 
^J^'i^. e.g. Gen. xxii. 4: t^^VJ: J\?i 
^•P: ... TfroAYll": "lifting up his 
eyes . . beheld." 
h^H: s. Hos. iv. 16: — : ^go;; "a jumping, 

kicking (?) cow." 
hp: i.q. hit»P: q.v. 

h'flC: s. mob, crowd, tumult. 2 Sam. xviii. 29. 
h.n'l': gray hair of an old man; old age. Gen. 

xlii. 38. 
hn-l-: id. Hos. vii. 9 : — : CD"in"t-: "gray 

hairs have come out on him."' 
tif: and [1,1*: s. spices. 


flj": . . . ThilA ; 

( G6 ) 


hj*: s. Tigr. Ctir:: smell, odour; exhalation, 

evaporation (e.g. of water), refrifjeraiion. Job 

xiv. 9. Rad. llT'T" 
Ti-f". tX'X' &c. constructive mood of H : q.v. 
HT: V. n. to have a strung diarrhoea. Lev. 

xxvi. 39. 
nj": s. vehement diarrhwa. 
PTA: s. long knife, dagger. 2 Sam. xii. 31. 
ilT"^: ?»A : V. n. ' to say siiatat,' i.e. to glide, 

slide, slip. 
JJ'I"!'.- V. 11. to emit or exhale a smell, to smell, to 

scent, of odoriferous things. Ex. xvi. 20. inf. 

J^il't'T: a. to receive a smell, to smell. Gen. 
viii. 21. inf. oijfiT't':: 
•I'f't': non occ. 

tvTt^'V't'- to glide doirn on the bidfocks, and 
to make glide down, &c. ; (in trade, &c.) to 
defraud, to cheat. 
'n^'f'T: to be pushed down on the poste- 
riors ; to he cheated in trade. 
fLl : V. to pass one's urine. 
hl'ni.: i-q- Til^'tii.: q.v. Dan. i. 12. 
hm*: i.q. n9"n«?': Ps. Ixviii. 30. 
ni'*!': s. urine. 

hl5l A: n. i^r. sfia'xkCla, name of a Negro tribe 
on the confines of Abyssinia. Negro in general. 
ti-'iYl-C.: s. i.q. Ut-'flO sugar. — : Vfl.^'^-: 
" loaf-su^ar." 5n.J?'t": "propliets," perhaps 
ori<nnating from a confusion with tlie Arabic 
j^ixjl "white." 
fllYl^: V. n. (of broken vessels, &c.) to leak, to 

run out. 
imnhC^ ^''J- leaking, emitting the contained 

Ti-IJH ■■ Pers. JaJj£ nigella, gith. Isa. xxviii. 23. 
IITI: «• senate, council. 
hTi: s. id. Ps. xxvi. 4. 

XxYltk- v.a. to defraud, adulterate, deal deceit- 
fully, beguile. Ex. xxi. 14: f\£i''.^6.(XP 
'iga: n.rinA: "?/he beguile his neigh- 
bour." SCor.iv. 2: ^'Tx'^Wt^mdi.C^'VJ^- 
YIC'. hAhnAlT": "neither have ive adul- 
terated the woTd oi God." 
TrtilA: pass, to be deceived, beguiled. 

flTIA: s. cheat, fraud, deceit, guile, wile, frau- 
dulence, seduction. Num. xxv. IS: flhilA 
T'T'U': HnA: "with rte wi/es, wherewith 
they have beguiled you." 

n-l>C'r : s. Tig. tVy-QX ■'■ IfV-:—. garlic. 
Tig.H(}R:Yil-CX-: $'^:—: onion. Tig. 
$'^^V. fi'hCX". 

ilTSn""r: s- beard, esp. luhiskers. Lev. xii. 29. 
nnp^: s. cheater, deceiver, impostor. 
ti^d,' non occ. 

?\l ild.: V. a. to overcome, prevail, to triumph, 
to obtain the victory, inf. o^illfj,: and 
O^hiQ.:: PogHi^: Hd.'J: "triumphal 
dance" with music and singing, 1 Chr. 
XV. 21. 
'rnid.: pass, to be overcome or conquered. 
flT^A: s. orifice of the stomach. 
XVY' v. a. to see one off when parting, to accom- 
pany one to the place of parting. A civility 
of the Abyssinians, shewn to friends, and f o 
any person whom they respect. Gen. xii. 20 : 
h^T-f a>: "they sarv them of." 
XliT- pass, to be accompanied (by friends) 
to the parting-place; to bid farewell, to part, 
to depart. Acts xxi. 1. 
hViA: and iT?lA: i-q- htIA: potters ivare. 
h5T7": and |1^9™: s. burden, load, charge. 
Gen. xliii. 12. Matt. xi. 28, 30. 
^inVloO: V. a. to load, to charge, to lade. 
Gen. xxi. 14. 2 Chron. x. 4. 'n•n:^"'f CD'T: 
^flVl^A-: "they load their goods," Isa. 
XXX. 6. 
TilYl"": pass. & n. to be loaded, charged, 
burdened ; to bear, to carry. Gen. xxiv. 15 : 
Hq^;j<p'}: -rhJloiJ: "carrying her 
flYl*^: V. n. to be brawny, callous. 
ilTn^.: s. callus, callosity, induration of the skin. 
h^^.: adj. & s. callous, coarse; and trop. stijf- 

necked, hard-hearted, rude. 
^Xl^^: V. n. to sound as a bell. 

f%Y\Yt"d,' to ring or sound a bell. 
•lYl^<J.: s- a small bell. Ex. xxviii. 33. A large 

bell is called ^0)'A: q- v. 
hVlYl : non. occ. 

2\hviTn:. hm: 

( 67 ) 


^liT'^Yl: v. n. to neigh (as horses); to cluck 
(as hens). 
flT: n. pr. shkwa, or Shea. (1) the kingdom of 

Shoa. (2) csp. the western part of tlie kingdom ; 

the eastern part being called Efat or Ifat. 
fjtptnjj^: n. pr. shoamkida (i.e. Plain of Shoa, or 

Lower Shoa), name of a province in the S. W. 

of the kingdom of Shoa. 
ii(Dd.d,: V. n. to squint, to look obliquely. 
riG>'<S.£>: s. & adj. squint-eyed, one who squints. 

fiO^,Py: s. Ar. L^ vermicelli. 

fljEO)': euphon. for htl: thousand. Revel. 

XX. 3, 
hPni: and contr. KiSi:tosell. Eth.lU,pm:: 

TlTitn : pass, to he sold. 

T'lPdl: intens. to buy and sell, to trade, to 
carry on commerce, inf. onfj P"^ : com- 
merce, trade, traffic. 
iljptp.: s. one who sells, a seller, merchant. 

Rad. Urn:: 
n.P'^J s. ware, merchandise, any article for sale. 

Lev. XXV. 25. Rad. iT,fil :: 

njZfJ.: pi. hfl^^: Ar. _lc pi. uJb^l 

collyrium, eye-salve, instead of the Heb. 

nili^U Ar. SlX^ " ornamertal chains worn 

at the ancles." Isa. iii. 20. 
n,T: s. torch. 
m<^: non occ. Eth. Ui'li.' "celeriter ingres- 

sus est." 

?iiriT<i: a. &trs. to pass, make to cross over or 
through a river, a country, &c. 

t-^il^: n. to cross, to pass over a river, 
tlirough a country, &c. Gen. xxxii. 10: "f fj 
ICU"- ^iTi: PC^rftT: "I crossed this 
fJT"^: v.n. to bar (of a bolt.) 

tttil^d.- a- to bolt, to shoot the boll. 
hlT: V. n. to become mouldy or fusty (of 

bread &c.) 
il^J: adj. mouldy, fusty. 
fil^OA": SHr;Gui^:iiL0, a plant, which is burnt 

on the festival of the cross. 
Mm: i.q. ritU: v.a. to sell. inf. odHT: and 

o^YhV:: Gen. xxv. 3?, 33. Vid. Mpm" 

Th'm: i-fj- "t-Mm: to be sold. 
fiVBf-. s. i.q. fiy tP»: seller, one who sells. Ezek. 

xxvii. 23. Matt. xxi. 12. 
fi <S.'t- : s. eyebroiv. pi. fi 4.M ^i^ ■ • I^a. 

xxxvii. 23. Tig. K-'iJ^fl:: 
tt&i- v.a. to cover as with a veil, to veil. Gen. 

XV. 12. 

"t"?!*!,!: pass, to be veiled, covered with a 
hil."*= °- ■^''•'''' cotw. trop. Rom. ii. xxv. for 

fi^'JV't": s'*^^ of one's being covered, veiled; 

and trop. uncircumdsed, state of uncircum- 

cision. Rom. ii. 26. 
h<I.(in: V. n. to rebel, to mutiny. 
!l^,"l: 9. a rebel, mutineer, revolutionist. 
fl^T: s. rebellion, mutiny, insurrection, revo- 

"I*: 3*^: k'af, the ninth letter of the Amharic 
alphabet. As the word k af does not occur 
in any of the Abyssinian languages, this 
name seems to have been borrowed from the 
cognate Arabic and Hebrew. Its pronun- 
ciation is generally harsh and peculiar : the 
back part of the palate being spasmodically 
contracted, the breath violently explodes, and 
the following vowel is heard with a kind of 
hiatus ; wlaich peculiarity is faintly signified 
in European forms by wi'iting it with an 
apostrophe (') behind the k. In the Tigre 
language, <I> : is generally pronounced nearly 
like the Arabic c, and sometimes like the r. 
In Shoa, it is commonly pronounced like a 
mere spiritus lenis, somewhat similar to the 
pronunciation of the j with the common 
people in Egypt. Thus the word "T'l'fii'v: 
" he received " is pronounced in these three 
different ways : in good Amharic convei-sa- 
tion, T.vK ABBALA ; in Tigre generally, t-Xguab- 

«|>A: • . . 1'AA: 

( 68 ) 

^lO'AA: . tAT": 

BAiJv, as the Arabic Jjijo : in Shoa commonly, 


«1»A: v.n. io be or to become red, io redden. Ex. 
XXV, 5: pq»A: "ret/." Matt. xvi. 2: rttiqjC: 
^' A'l'TAr: " for the sky h red." inf. oo^ 

^il•I>A: a. to make red, to redden, inf. aqtj> 

3»A: s. Heb. Vip Ar.J^"vox," "verbum," 
"sermo," word. pi. 3>A^: words, pr*"! 
H.?i-n(h.C: — : "</'« 'wrrf of God." — : 
Yl.KI: "word of covenant;" and merely, 
covenant. P— : — : J^'i^'i- "the tent of 
the covenant." ^^: TTI.KT : 'IT : " he entered 
into a covenant,'" a treaty, or engagement. 
Joshua X. 1. 

'«|»^A: s. testicle, and testicles. 

•fiA: Isa. xxxiv. 14. Ar. J J: "a species of evil 
spirits, inhabiting forests, and devouring men 
and beasts." Golius. 

4" A: s. a gourd- or melon-like fruit, hollowed 
out, and used as a vessel for liquids. Al. 
xiqoxj^Ui q.ii_ Another sort of these ves- 
sels is ^aOECJ.f; q. V. 

^£\.: and euphon. ^ A-: s. & adj. ligJitness, little- 
ness; light, little, inconsiderable, l-lad. «|>AA" 
Ar.Jj. 2 Sam. xviii. 13: ^A": "the least 
tiling." Ps. L. 12: ^A-: ?iA'7niti'7°: 
" I would not ask a bit of thee." Matt. xiii. 
12: JPAfl>': ^A*: "even the liltle quantity 
he hath." 

4^./^: s. valley, loiv country, opposed to the^^ : 
" high and mountainous country, table-land, 
&c." Jobxxxix. 10. Ps. lxv.13. 

4»>A: \.a.towag,tofan ; e.g. ^ir't'^i- 4*-A: 
"he vMgged (with) his tail." 

•I»-A: v.n. Tig. «I>A?:: Eth. ^tiQi" Heb. 
rh'i) Ar. ^ " frixit," to fry, to roast. 
J\«|H.i\: a." to fry, to roast. 

•1»»A?: s. roasted, fried grain. 

•fAA: V. n. to be or to become light, little, easy, 
inconsiderabk, worthless, to yield. Eth. and 

Tigr. id. Hcb. hhjl Ar. Ji, Gen. viii. 3 ; 

tlh^flO"?": "fAA: "and the water became 

little," diminished in quantity. Ex. ix. 28 : 

,P*PA: H'lJ^: "that it may diminish." 

jEtl'T': tli.: ■I'^AA'T-: " this work is eas;/." 

^I'PAA: a. to diminish, to ease, to lighten, to 

facilitate, to consider, or to render ivorthlcss. 

J^S'AA: intens. to treat as light ike; to 

slight, disregard, to disdain, to scorn. Luke 

xxiii. 11: ?i3*AAfl)': "despised him." 

iCor. xvi. 11: cnjT/n: hy^ACD': "let 

no man disregard him." 2 Sam. xii. 9 : 

P>»"lHKnrh.CT: ^nC: 7\$'^£\i} : 

" thou hast slighted the word of God." 
2 Chr. xxxiii. 19 : dtj«})/\/v7" : " and his 
want of reverence." 
^A.A : adj. light, inconsiderable, easy, little, &c. 

Ar. Jjii', e.g. ^O: fl(D^: fl'AA: ^(D- ■ 

this man is light;" i.e. inconsiderable, the 
contrary to Tnn..K': "heavy," i.e. "impor- 
tant," or PYin*:^: "respectable." 


't'«J*"AA : to be raised on a heap. Josli. iii. 16. 

fp^tJO: V. n. to play at tennis, drive balls. 

tp^aa : v. a. to make black, to blacken, to colour, 
to dye. 
•^tpf^au: pass. 

•tA'J"'- s. in the Ethiopic and the Arabic 
«|>/\"?n : and JLj, signifies " calamus," a reed, 
esp. such as is used in writing ;" thence the 
signification in Amharic, ink, colouring mat- 
ter, and colour in general, pi. «f»A'^'"r: 
colours. Seven colouring substances of dif- 
ferent colours, mixed together in powder, 
form a mixture which they call P'|»A9^: 
?i'ni^: "medicine of co/our;" and is sup- 
posed to open the mind and clear up the 
intellect, so as to enable a man to acquire 
every kind of knowledge without any trouble. 
This medicine is also called Prtn'Tr": 'TA 
trq't": 2\'fl'i'"t": "the medicine of the seven 
colours," and merely rtT'l": TAfJ't": "the 
seven colours." On inquiry, I got the follow- 
ing six of those ^'A^^^'Y": named to me 

S'A.T":... I'A-fl: 

( 69 ) 

^'A.'fl: •• • •PA\fl(D-t"- 

(1) EPIIR.VN. (2) red-ink powder (generally 
cinnabar). (3) sum el far ( .UJl ^ i.e. ar- 
senic). (4) AFFKRA MF^K (powder of musk). 


of the 7 th material I did not succeed in get- 
,ting. These substances, I was assured, are 
mixed together in powder, strewed upon 
bread, and given to the scholars whom they 
wish to enable for learning. Some of the 
monks of Godjam. who have the reputation 
of preparing this poisonous mixture, are said 
to make much money by it; and we heard at 
Ankober, where we ourselves were frequently 
assailed for it, of several school-boys who 
had received what at least had been consi- 
dered of this philosophers (not stone, but) 
powder, but who had not, of course, felt 
any of the promised effects on their minds, 
although they had grievously suffered for 
several days. 

^tiJP^ '■ ^^1° : s. hotel of a tobacco-pipe. 

•PAI'A: V. a. to mh, used of beer, mead, and 
wine, to pour, and to fill. 
T'J'A'I'A: pass, to be mixed, filled, poured 

out for drink. 
'r*I*A*i»A: id. Ps. Ixxv. 8. John xix. 39. 

^•Ai'l'A: s. mixture. 

•l*^ A3; A : s. K AVELK WALL, Or KOLQUALL, B. specics 
of euphorbia in Abyssinia, which acquires 
the size of a considerable tree, and the heio-ht 
of more than twenty feet ; and is used chiefly 
in building liouses, for covering the cross- 
beams, in order to form layers for a floor, or 
for the roof. 

^''■A'l'''A'"r : s. precipice, declivity, descent of a 
mountain, valley. J\*pn'l'r: — : " ascent 
and descent (of mountains)." Luke iii. 5. 

^Afl: V. a. (I) to feed, to nourish, used chiefly 
of animals, but also of men ; though in the 
latter case oo'jfj : is more usual. (2) to snap, 
^'PMV- pass, to he fed, nourished. 

•tA'fl:, cdiment, nourilure, nourishment. 
Gen. xl.ii. 21. 

^A."!!: s. Ar. C-J'i form, in which any thing 

is founded, mould, matrice. 
'I'AnAn: V. a. to rage tempestuously. 

T^PARAn: id. 

•f A n rt : V. a, <o turn, to invert, the seam or brim, 
or edge, of any article of dress. 

•PAH't" s. ring, esp. finger-ring. Luke xv. 22. 
Gen. xxiv. 30. 

'I'AnK,' s- ^ kind of roe. 

^A"!': «• lightness, Uiilcness, superficiality. Rom. 
iv. 20: PW^niifl': — : "littleness, infir- 
mity, of faith." Rad. «|»AA:: 

^/V,J": s. lightness, esp. of mind, light-minded- 
ness, superficiality. Rad. 'I'AA:: 

^A,^^y: adj. & s. ligld-minded, superficial 

^A't"?*: adj. & s. liter, one who makes 3*A^: 
(words), i.e. talker, hence fool, madman, esp. 
public fool, soothsayer. Lev. xix. 26. Isa. 
xix. 3. Al. Hll«i:: 

^A^: s. a sort of sorcerers and soothsayers 
among the Galla people, who act as their 
priests ; killing their sacrifices to wak (God) 
and to demons ; and foretell future events 
from an inspection of the slaughtered ani- 
m.ars fat, from dreams, from the volitation of 
certain birds, from the walk of certain quadru- 
peds, and from other accidental circumstances. 
Tlieir appearance is much like that of the 
k'alategnotsh (vid. 3'AT4'0> they go like 
them, dressed in variously- coloured rags, 
having the guts of slaughtered goats twisted 
round tlieir necks, usually carrying a bell in 
their hands, and making • a great noise by 
vociferation of nonsense. Some Mahom- 
medan dervishes also go about in the cha- 
racter of ^ A"¥^- : and this sort of persons 
have much influence on the mind of the people. 

•tATfl: Ex. xxix. 9. ") Various modes of 

^^A^rtT: Ex. xxviiL32. I spelling the Arabic 

^A'SflCD'T: Ex.xxxix.23.j f^^ or IXJjJ. 

P L/^^' (.^^J [J^"^, ^nd ^_^ts, cap, 
bonnet, mitre. Heb. tOiUK. 

I'A'JS': •••l^AQ.V"r: ( 70 ) 

•finj: . , . «pau|*|: 

'^'A^S'= s- small sort oi ilcphanCs iusks. The 

largest sort are called isji^:: 
«1»A(I>'A^: Tigr. a cricket. 
"fAffldl: V. n. to obtrude oneself to a dinner or 

to any good meal. 
^'A'P^: s. one who hunts after good meals, 

and wants to be wherever there is feasting. 
•t AJi: s. Eth. abyss. Heb. Diiiri. Rad. 1> A P : 

" to sound any depth." Gen. i. 2. Ex. xiv. 25. 

1'A.E^: At. Mj plur. of ijili. Isa.iii.l9. 

Any ornament or pieee of dress worn on the 
•fAJ^: s. thong of leather, i.q. aaai'^:: 

4'A^: Ar. 'i^ti sing, of jolU. Cant i. 10. Vid. 


'I'AK?: adj. & s, talker, tell-tale, calumniator. 

'8'Afri: V. n. to melt, to fuse, to dissolve. Ex. 
XV. 15. 
?v^'AHl: a- fo melt, Ucjuefy. 

«|>A'y : s. melting, fusion, luhat is molten. Ps. 
Ixiii. 5. Dan. ii. 33. 

^A^IT: s. delicacy, effeminacy, voluptuousness, 
vanity. Deut. xxviii. 56. Jer. xiii. 27. 

•PAin^S.: V. a. to be strong, robust. 

^A^ld.: s. & adj. strong, musculaus. 

•I'AI^: s. fem. 'I'A'JElP.'l':: an effeminate, de- 
licate, vain, voluptuous person. Deut. xxviii. 56. 

^AJf?": and ^ATT": s- marrow. Tig. 

4*'Ad.: V. a. to shut, to lock up. Gen. xix. 10. 

Ex. xxvi. 4. 

'X'^^tiA,' pass, to be locked up. Trop. to 
have a prepuce, to be uncircumcised. 
«I»"A^: s. Eth. one supplied with a prepuce, an 

uncircumcised person, pi. <1»~A4.1" ^°" 

iii. 11. Joshua V. 3. Isa. lii. 1. 
«I»^A^: s. lock, and any thing which serves 

for shutting or locking up and closing ; e.g. 

pu|)t»1: — : " /ocA- of a box." PA'llfl: 

— : "lock of dress," i.e. button, or hooks. 
'^Adft' ' Eth. s. prepuce, uncircu/ncision. Jer. 

ix. 25. 
'p'-fiQJi^: s, uncircumcision. 

«f>inj: v. a. Eth. •I'T'Jrh: "vorare," to plunder, 
to rob. inf. ODi|>a«j''f-:: 

't'*l*tnj : pass, to be robbed or plundered, inf. 
•1^7^: s. Eth. desire of revenge. Gen. xxvii. 41. 
— : ^Hn""r: "he took a desire of revenge 
against him." Rad. fp pan : : 
•pun: v.n. Eth. «1»*E'?"" Tig. ^mi:: Heb. 
Dip Ar. |,IS to stand, inf. ao^fpa: the 
standing, state, station. Gen. ix. 17: P^ 
*"'fl>': ( — Gy. euphonically) "which s/ancZs." 
xxiv. 13: •iJO^yAU-: (2 constr.) "I am 
2\«|itiro: trs. to make stand, to erect, to place, 

to establish. 
•f4>OD : pass, to be erected, &c., not often used. 
TS'fflo^: intens. to stand against, to vjith- 
stand, to resist. Deut. vii. 24 : ^il'(D7°W : 
WiK"- TJ9": ?»^^'A7°: "and none 
shall be able to uilhsland thee." 2 Chr. 
XX. 12: >»^J^a)'7":H^.!^: "thatu-emay 
withstand," " make head against." 
T^J't*"*'^ : reiter. & recipr. to withstand ob- 
stinately, jointly , and successfully, inf. cro^ 
«l»-9": Luke xxi. 15. 
•TSJoo: i.q. 't'_«l><l»^ ou: Prov. xxi. 29 : 
oor^^l': nj^"Q.ii-11-: ^jJ^^aQA: "an 
heretic boldly (and) obstinately resists" 
sc. all good advice. 
•fl^D; adj. verb, standing ; hence important, e.g. 
•liV: YIC- "an important thing," "worth 
while." "of consequence," &c. JE{J: fi?": 
nC: ?»JEJiilA9": "this is of no conse- 
quence," " not worth while," "trifling." 2 Chr. 
ix. 20: qi«?n: ^iq; hAin^T": "was not 
important," i.e. was not valued. Ps. cxxiv. 3 : 
f|cUaq^.'}: "such as we were," i.e. entirely. 

'P^6t: s. louse, coll. vermin. Ar. J.^. Ex. 

viii. le. 
ipipi^: s. spices. Cant. iii. 6. 
•liy^tj,: s. a species of little pigeons. Tig. 

fpaufi : v. a. to taste, imperat. ^tiro|^ ; "taste," 
pi. Ps. xxxiv. S. 


C 71 ) 

•fowfliA: •• ■ l'^: 

J\«|'OD|^: trs. <o /rf one taste, trop. to lend 

for a little while; e.g. ■i^^g•^.^J^: ^^^ 

ynrt^: "let me <as«e thy bread." «I><5. 

UT: T'5"1': ?»*9"rt^: "lend me thy 

knife for a little while." 

^nijfl: s. Ar. fjoJ^AJi a shirt, gown, or any 

piece of clothing which is supplied with 

sleeves, and is not open in front. Ex. xxv. 7. 

^9T)^j: s. the tasting, eating, a meal. Rad. 

«raurt :: 

^»"yil: s. a bit or morsel. — : >i^X"<^'" " '"^ 
bit of bread." 

ll'^lfi: s. coarse Egyptian linen. Ar. (/XUi. 
•I^-V^SJ"^' S- ""^ ^tAose <ee</i are rotting away. 

ShoaTCfl: n«5.e.: Vid. h«5.^:: 
*r9"nC: s. yoke. Acts xv. 10: <I>«FJnCi^: 
^CEUf/v^U-: " and you put a yohe^' 1 Sam. 
ii.l2: <i>7»nC:^A'rt5ir'^^CD':A^¥: 
"undisciplined, ill-trained boys," lit. "child- . 
ren on whom no yoke had been put." 
<jjoo-Y: s. stature, height. As bodily dimen- 
sion, it is often exchanged for Yl£i.J*:: 
^inj'"!": and ^trgjP'V: s. granclfaihers grand- 
father. Vid. ha^JP-T" 
«|>orof : and 'Ixnjf: s. robber, plunderer. Tigr. 

*Tl:J'i" Rad. <I»aq:: 
iprfOPi s. prey, plunder, spoil. Matt, xxiii. 25. 
ipmjy.-i-: Vid. ^'"^'t':: 
ej>giJ«Y : s. Ar. la*i rope, cable, cord. Prov. 

vii. 1 6. badly for ai'in'jD " coverlets." 
^aq(T): s. a scrofulous person. 
ifffO'ip: gum of the eyes, tenacious matter ga- 
thering in the corners of the eyes. 
«l>ao|TJ: Don occ. 

•t-<I)aDm: V. n. & pass, to be seated, to sit; 
and, as the Abyssinians spend a considerable 
portion of their lives in a sedentary way, 
this word expresses their idea of remaining, 
divelling, living. Gen. v. imp. -fftroT": 
sit down, or, keep thy seat. inf. tmqf 
^j^tpaojTi : trs. to make one sit, to set, 
place, put. 
^TDTA: feni. ^»?°TA.f :: s. &adj. delicacy, 

effeminacy. Isa. xlvii. 1. 1 Tim. v. C. 
«|»oiJniA: V. n. to be delicate, effeminate. 

•l-«|>mjfnA: id. Prov. xxix. 21. 
<|»-irjra'pf : s. scrofula, hinges evil. 
IpaofXl,^: s. a gourd-bottle. Vid. ^A" 
f^uiC- s. Caesar, title of the Roman Emperors. 

Matt. xxii..l7. Luke ii. 1. 
•PlUni: V. a. to purloin, to pilfer, to steal. 
•P^lfn.: and •I»"iCEl»: s. purloiner, pilferer, 


gavit, verberavit, flagellavit, percussit." Vid. 
Lud. Gen. xix. 51 : >»'iKA4'A"^: " that 
I (will) not punish." inf. oraJ|>Ujq,: and on 
^ID^'T: punition, punishment, chastisement. 
Exod. ix. 14. 

"VPHiii,- pass, to be punished, chastised. 
^*^: v. n. to be left, to be omitted, to remain, to 
fail, to cease, inf. tmtp^^z the remaining, 
remainder, rest, tlie failure, ceasing, omission. 
suhjunct. ^'PC' let it remain, be omitted, let 
it alone. ^'tC,- Yxti- to say ^^C.'- i-q- 
a.<ptivai, to remit, sc. sins ; i.e. to forgive. Ps. 
vi. 2: JE*C: HA^: "forgive me." Matt. 
vi. 12: ^^C: OAi: UV'- JPAaJ''?: >.?: 
^-iOD-i: Ji^C: X'iKg^'JA: "forgive 
(remit) us our debts, as we also forgiie." 
"h^lfOF^-- "it (he) does or will not fail." 
This last expression, in connexion with the 
preceding verb as negative participle of 
time, is a strong affirmation, similar to the 
English mode of expression; e.g. "J^TlV: "^Ji 
oiJn\: tt^^CT^: "he will not fail to 
come," i.e. "he will most surely, undoubtedly 
come." This is carried through all the per- 
sons of the sing, and plural, "z^^: ^fPQp: 
?iTI'C9»: "we shall not fail to see it." 
Jobi. 5: 9"rAn->: A^^ : "^^n^A-: 
7\^^^7°- "my sons most probably have 
offended." ri.1>C: part. temp. pres. 3 pers. 
sing, whilst it remains, is left or omitted, omit- 
ting, not to mention; e.g. "V^.cJ.'I'f}: fX*P<.: 
nX^- P«niTia>''i: n*i: tli.-. "^l^: 
'f\'ifi6.'}^: "not to mention any works of 
supererogation, we do not even perform those 


( 72 ) 

fCU":... «r»^n: 

good works which are our necessary duties/' 
«|>C-f-: constr. 1. remaimnfj, left, omiltcd, and 
it (he) remains, &c. nal": 'VC'l;: hAOW 
nW^: " I stay at home, and sliall not come." 
^.j^'l-qj^: constr. 2. it remains, kc. par} 
'PC,: what remains, the rest, remainder, parj^ 
' "and so on," "and the rest," " et 
cwtera;' " &c." txJL^C,. " let it not/fl//," &c. 
Y\l\'i*d,' a. &trs. to leave, to omit, remit, cause 
to fail, to make remain, to save, to preserve. 
Gen. xix. 34 : 'J^rfj'pr ; " let us -ryrescrve." 
Rom.iii.3: P>»"lH.?»7uii.C'J:>k(I>'Vr: 
yfl^&.A'i: "does it cause the trutli of 
God tofaiir" '^mjK'VI: Ixtl'Vd,: "he 
remitted sins," i.q. ^'^C.: ?\A :: 
^i,: s. knife. Shoa, falchion. Vid. n,AT:: 
'p'-Q: (1.) Eth. 't^qO : 1 TJiess. v. 8. and 1 Sam. 
xvii. 5. it stands for helmet. (2) Eth. «l>'-£^:: 
cold, frost. Rad. ^t^e^: Eth. 
•|J<5.: and ^i.: s. Eth. $lO:: croii; raven. 
Gr. Kopa^, Lat. corvus, Germ, krahe, Ar. ^Vl 
Heb. l■^ir, Gen. viii. 6. Lev. xi. 15. fern. 
4*'"<I^P.'I^: 1 Kings xvii. 4. TJie name is 
evidently given to the bird from the sound 
it emits. 
3j<i, : s. K WARE, a i^iece of vesture wliieh con- 
stitutes the principal luxury of the Abyssi- 
nians* dress, excepting the U'Cl-f?: of ladies 
of rank. It is a large piece of white, and 
more or less fine and soft cotton cloth, from 
four to eight yards in lengtli, and, when 
doubled, three yards or upwards in breadth, 
without sleeves, and with coloured stripes on 
the edses, about three or more inches in 
breadth. It is wrapped round the body, 
covering the whole from the neck to the feet ; 
and, only when walking, they take it up a 
little on both sides and throw it over the 
shoulders, in order to be able to walk. The 
^d„'- is distinguished from the ^fl.: by 
being much better. What Bruce (vid. 2d 
edition, Vol. VII. p. 63) describes as a ^d.: 
is nothing but the ;jn. : ?• v. Various sorts of 
a<i: are the n■^^ : 9.^' with a red stripe 
on the edges; the VbAH: %^- ^i* » red 

and blue stripe (red on one side, and blue on 
the other); .I^Ctl: ^.C- doul)l<> kVvrk; 
ATlT^JinA: four and niore times folded 
^,d„:, and ooC^^S.: the best sort, having a 
stripe embroidered with silk of different 
colours. 5mA: or IXA: means the same 
as a large 3l<ii" 

^CfP'- and q>47": Etli. stuhhles, ears of corn, 
and any thing wliich is gleaned after the in- 
gathering of grain. Ruth. ii. 2. Rad. <1>«^ 
ao: Eth. "eollegit spicas relictas." 

'J'C^: s. stallimi, stone-horse, steed. 

^C'f^'H: s. Ar.^- Gr. kokkos /3a<piKhs, Ver- 
mes, scarlet-berry, kermes-xcorm. Isa. i. IS. 

4»^<.C: Rrov. xi. 13. Ar.^j^ holes and fissures 
in clothes ; any thing by wliich a man may 
be deceived. 

4*"<ifl: V. a. to break bread into morsels, to 
crumljle. Mark vi. 41. 

1"i*^d,f\- pass, to be broke into morsels, n. to 

'Pitl'- ■^Y. ^joijs stinying -nettle, urtica. Isa. 

xxxiv. 13. Iv. 13. Amh. i^mj:: 
^^i.Yi : s. crumb, morsel, bit of bread. Gen. 

xviii. 5. Rad. 4*»<^rt:: 

^Cn: s. Ar. i^j) KAUsu, signifies, in Egj'pt, 
a piastre (about 2^ pence) ; in Arabic, a dollar 
(about four shillings). In Abyssinia, the 
word is little known; but wlien they use it, 
it is with the latter signifiration. The 
Amharic word is -ll^: (/.v. Gen. xxxvii. 28, 
it stands for " piece of silver." 

^^dj^d.' non. occ. Ar. ii "gemuit columba." 
't'P^d,'^^' '" ^'' <7''iti"^^- D«ut. xx\4. 14. 

4»C^C= and ^C,^(Z: s. tin, pewter. Num. 
xxxi. 22. 

•jNi^^rt: non. occ. Ar. j|»Jy' "vocavit ca- 


'V^&'^t\ '• 2 Sam. ii. 14. to j)lay. 
^djt\: v.n. Heb. n"3|7 andnn,"? Ar. (__^' to be 

near, to draw near, to approach, to be offered. 

inf. tni<^d-W. Gen. iii. 3: "hTi^lCSl 

i^jjD; " and that we should not come near to 


( 73 ) 

*<.jf : • • ' ^CV"^^-' 

it." James iv. 8: (D^: ■>V^H.^•lllh.C: 

*«^n-: y^cffp*: a)K/\^'■r: jsi^cnA: 

"draw nigh to God, and He wU! draw vhjli to 
you." 2Clir.xxix. 27: «^'■^^i.9H:n'!Vn: 
•I.H.: "and when the offering was offered}' 
ht'^n •■ trs. to bring near, to present, to offer. 
Gen. iv. 3. viii. 20. 2 Chron. xxix. 27: 
jPtCn-: Hl^: "that they should offer." 
'V'Pd.n: pass. <o 6e 6rou^/i< near, to he offered. 
T 3'<^n: reeipr. /o ie 7!ear, to approach each 
other. 1 Kings vii. 4: "Xt^Vr": nCi'^: 
T.'l'CP : " being near one to another." 
^^djl' V. n. & a. fo taJce the sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper, inf. ootp^^-fi:-, 
?i4*~iin: a. to administer the sacrament of 
the Lord's Supper, inf. tnj'|»'-«^'n:: 
^Cn- and <|>C;'fl: adj. near, nigh. Heb. l"],'? 

Ar. ^.-^J. 

T^^-n : Lev. xxiii. 40. Ar. CJJi Heb. pI-Q'^l'li^ 

*l*°<in : s. iore, idcer, bubo. 

'P'^'- s. sAv'n, hide, leather. Ex. xxv. 5. 
Job xix. 26. cf. Ar. ij i " uter coriaceus ma- 
jor, quo defertur aqua." 

•l»^CTi : 3- Hcb. jS"))? Ar. l_>'j^' an offering ; 

esp. //((? eucharisl. Ex. x. 25. 
^ij,^: s. the remainder, rest. Gen. xlv. 7: 

*<i.:r: ?xfl•!•CA■^l^: H'ijir: "that I 

should (cause to remain) preserve a remnant 

for you." Rad. <|>«^:: 
*'1>^{': v.n. to exhale a bad smell, to sfivl: 
^iS- lialf a On,: gabi) piece of common 
' cotton cloth, as is used in barter. The gab! 

has twenty Abyssinian yards (the yard to 

eighteen inches), the k'arana ten. 
^Ci: Eth. s. horn. Amh. «^^J^:: 
'P^C.'iO.' s. buck, ram, he-goat. Gen. xxx. 35. 
'pCJIT'l"- s. a stinking sweat. 
4»^rrf 'T: s- Eth. frog. Amh. shell. 
'p^C.'i^A: Ar. JiJi caryophyllum, clove, (a 

3»tf!i,H : s. barrow, esp. such as the Abyssinians 

use in carrying tlieir dead to the grave, bier. 

Acts V. 15. 

^^^•. Ar. iJj^ pi. of i>j monkey. 1 Kings 
X. 22. Amh. Tng-C:: 

*!'<ifn: and •p^R- ^'' *• '" engrave, to coin, to 

stamp, to seal, to mark, esp. for customs, taxes, 

&c. ; to take customs, to be a publican. Ex. 

xxviii. 9. John vi. 27. 

"T^iitll: and 'V^d.K- pass. Ex. xxv. 25. 

'htl'l'd,K\' cans, ^o cause to engrave, &c. 
•bX'l'; and «|>r''t»; s. the engraving, stnmmnn, 

stamp, coinage, mint, place where customs are 

paid. Matt. ix. 9. 
'PC.'V' and ^(^R*: s. the engraving, stamp, 

coinage. Ex. xxviii. 11. 
•I'^^^rrj: V. a. to cut; trop. to decide, appoint. 

inf. OD«t»--4'y :: cf. Heb. fl)? and Ar. ^JiJ 
" concidit." 

'V^d.dl'- pass, to be cut, decided. PT«I»» 
4fn: ^IC: "a decided business," " a deci- 
sion." inf.ov^^'Tfi: 

Tx^.^lD : to interrupt. Num. x. 7 : ?»^i^fH 
(0-9^: "i^AA: ^nA-: "and they shall 
interrupt (the trumpeting) with shouts," 
(with saying AAA: 9-'y) 

TS^^fll: pass, to be interrupted, to do any 
thing at intervals and by starts. Num. x. 
5: i^Jli^^'y: "without in/errup<(on." 

?ifl'l^«ifn: eaus. to cause to cut, &e. Gen. 
xxxi. 19 : ^tiq^Cy: HlJJ: "in order to 
have cut." 

^6.d,(H : intens. to ad into pieces. Judges 

^^ii. 7. 2 Chr. xxxi v. 7. 
^•"CV: (1) s. a cirf, division, part. 1 Sam. xi. 

11 . (2) adj. cut, decided, explicit. — : VIC: 

"a decided thing;" "explicit terms." Acts 

v. 28: ^CV: YIQ: rt^YlCJ^'^t-lhl^'i: 

" did we not tell you in explicit terms ? " 

f-C/V. pi. ?i*^T:: Ar.Lj pi \,]j ear-ring. 
^d.ttlff»: V. n. impers. to suffer rheumatism. 

J^.^.^'yoD^A: "I have rheumatic puins.-' 
Rev. xvi. 10. 

4>£;m«;n: Isa. xxxiv. 13. Ar.JaJcardamum, 

garden-creas (a plant.) 
•^^Cytnj'l': s. rheumatism. 1 Kings xv. 23. 

«I»^Cm■"^: •••'l'35rtA: 

{ 74 ) 

«l*^f!A: . . • ^^A: 

4»*'Cni'l': s. tlwcutting. VWR: — :: "colic." 
- n^'l": — : "cutting, griping pain in the 

bowels ; " " dysentery." 
•P^.ni.^: s. purse, little bag. Luke xix. 13. 
iJ»^6p.: engraver, sealer, coiner, custom-officer, 

4^^''T^: s. cutter, one who cuts. 2 Chr. xxiv. 

12: £^^.JP: — : "stone-ra^er," -mason." 

Mark vi. 27 : K'H-'V: — : "neck-cu«er" le. 

" executioner." 
*!*^^6p.: s. a piece -wiiicli is cut oli; a part, cut, 


•l»^C^9"'^'"l^= s. ancle-bone. 
^C,VSL^^ s. a basket. John vi. 13. 
Ti^R: c. derivv. Vid. «|>^ni:: 
^Cft: s. the engraving, stamp, coinage, mint. 
Ex. xxviii. 1 1. 

•I**^^: V. a. At. u-j/ to peel off. Joel i. 7. 
't''t*d.&,' pass. & n. to peel off. Lev. xiv. 37 : 
P'V^d.d,: "that which is peeled off,''' and, 
of a house, " is dilapidated." 

4»^<J_: Ar. iiJ. cinnamon. Rev. xviii. 13. 
^»<5.<L: s. liter, the peeler ; a man who carries 

wood for a church. 
Sj^C^^z s. bark, peel of plants; scafes of fishes. 

Lev. xi. 9. 

<t*fl: interj. soft! gently! mind! take care! 

— : 2\A : to do gently, quietly, cautiously, 

without noise. — : flA: "<^o it gently,"^ &c. 

^fl : s. priest, presbyter. Eth. pi. 'pOO^fi't* :: 

Eth. 4»lXfI:: Tig. I'll." hv. ^j^. 
^|*|/\: v.n. to be sore, wounded, and to feel 
pain in general. Gen. xxxiv. 25 : 'Tk^T: 
rt.4*"f!AnH*fl>': "when it was very sore 
on them," " when they were very sore.^ 
A«l*"rtA: trs. to wound, to inflict wounds or 
sores. Prov. xxvii, 6 : Pffl^^: ^^*^ 
rtA: V'VO^\'' Id^: "^''^ icounding of a 
friend (which he inflicts) is faitliful." 
T'l^'rt A: pass, to be wounded, receive wounds 

or sores. 
"V^tlti.- pass, intens. to be much wounded or 
sm-e. Acts xix. 16. TSflAO^: 1 constr. 
3 pers. pi. "much wounded." 

•I'^flA: s, wound, sore, boil, ulcer. Ex. ix. 9. 
^nf^: Ar. ^Laj fuller. 2 Kings xviii. 17. Isa. 

vii. 3. Mai. iii. 2. 
'Pflrt: v.n. to be ordained priest, to be priest. 

2\'f rtl*|: trs. to ordain priest. 
'Ptl'Pfl' V. a. to excavate, to hollow out. 

?i1'l"TH'rt: trs. to move, to excite, stir. Job 
ii.3: nCI>: AJZ: ?iTP«11'flTl'?: "thou 
hast moved me sigainst him." 
t'l^'Tl'l'rt' pass. & n. to be moved, to move. 
Part. rel. pres. P mil*!' «T[ 1»fl : " that which 
moves." Gen. i. 28. 
Yy^'i'P^^ti: i.q. Kll^ll'll: to moce, 
put into motion. 
^fl<p^fl: V. a. to stir, to poke. 

•fri'Il: Ar. t^^vflj' Heb. 112^ caZamu.s (a spice). 

Cant. iv. 14. Isa. xliii. 24. 
^x J. .- 
«l>rtq: Ar. Luij probably i.q. •I'rt'n: Ezek. 

xxvii. 19. 

Tfll": s. Heb. nil'J? Ar, ^j..^ bmv. P.V^oxjf : 
— : and •pfl'l': K'^T: "rainbow." Gen.ix. 

'I'flJ": s. silence, secrecy ; a quiet, gentle, noise- 
less, and cautious behaviour. 

't'tl'Vt- s- an archer, boivman. Ezek. xxvi. 8. 

^flf : K EssENA, s. priesthood, slate and office of 
a priest or presbyter. 

I'flE^C^l^etter'p'H^Q: Ar.yjjf tin. Zech. 
iv. 10. 

^rif : Ar. kuJi (1) a measure of dry things, 
a quarter of a bushel. (2) of liquids, about 
nine quarts. Ex. xxx. 34. Ezek. iv. 1 1. 

Tfim: and «!>iT[ttl.: Vid. q^UUm: and «I> 

^'p: s. Tigr. ^^\J:: partridge. Lev. xi. 17. 

"improjierly for the Arabic ly, which signi- 
fies a certain water-bird with a long-neck, 
the fern or pelican. 

'P'Ptk' V. a. to stew meat, and to cook in gene- 
ral, inf. ou^tp£^: the cooking, stewing. 
'V'P'fti. pass, to be stewed, cooked. 

^%A: s. (1) the stewing, cooking. (2) tlie stewed, 
prepared meat. 

" «t*Crt:...T«I>nA: 

( 75 ) 



•t^Cfl: k'ek'ros, s. a measure of time, the 
sixtieth part of a clay, not including the 
night; the fifth part of an hour, i.e. twelve 
minutes. From the Latin circus; the tc being 
transposed to cr, reading it as if it was 

^^^: s. a certain cutaneous eruption. Lev. 
xiii. 2. 39. 

^'iS.' s. KAKEDA, a species of geranium (a 

<|>n: V. a. Eth. «|>tlhL: and •pTlO:: Tigr. *p 
•n^" to anoint, to embalm, to salve, to line 
with any adipose, oleous, earthy, or metallic 
substance in fusion, inf. ao ^ Q -t" : : Isa. Ixi. 1 : 
'>k"lH.J\-n(h.C= I'-n-^^Af: "for God hath 
anointed me." Acts x. 38: •P'n'frJ'Af: 
n'"*'J<5.fl: ^K^fl: "for (God) hath anointed 
him with the Holy Spirit." Ps. xx. 6: •I^'fl-t" : 
^nUitD^I: "him whom anointing he made 
king." Mark xvi. 1: A.'Pfh't'V'*: "and to 
embalm liim." It is often substituted for 
Anm: and ATA^T" e.g. ^f|->T: fi^C. 
^Q: ^^ : " he lined the cauldron with tin," 
"tinned it," where either of the two other 
verbs would do as well. 
•f •1*1: pass, to be anointed, &c. inf. od<|> 

^n.: s- Eth. ^'^^: Tigr. ^-flt^:: oil, oint- 
ment, grease, melted butter, e.g. ^f|^: — : 
" fresli, unmelted butter."" ^ 'I : ^^ti : " holy 
oil," i.e. "olive 011," Ezek. xvi. 18. 

^•■ll : K OB, s. a cap, in Abyssinia worn espe- 
cially by those who, either in their youth 
or after several successive marriages, have 
devoted themselves to celibacy, by monks and 
nuns. It is therefore considered as a mark 
of monastic life; and ^-ffi- AOrt: "he 
wore the cap," or more usually «?^T: KR 
^T : " he made the cap," signifies the same 
as " he became a monk." 

<I>(IA: non occ. Heb. 7?|5 Ar. Jj5 "he ac- 
cepted," " received," &c. 
T'I'fl'A: v. a. to receive, accept, to take, take 
up, to meet, encounter, inf. OD«I»nA: the 
receiving, reception, acceptation, receipt. Gen. 

iv. 1: T'lTIAU': "I have received.'''' John 
ill: (Dir-P*?": ?iA'ri'nA''V«?":"and 

his i)arty received him not." A't"!'!! A*"!" : 
IhA-: ^^: "but to all who received him." 
ovYl6^' T'TOA: "he received affliction," 
"he suffered." Symb. Apost. Ps. \i. 9. 
Gen. iv. 11, Isa. vii. 3. 

?k'tnA : trs. to make receive, to present. 
Nehem. xiii. 31 ; ■JjICEB-P ^•?»: A««}1> 
flA: n:^HHa[>': 'Pi- "and on the day 
when lie was uruefeu to present \0~ to Oucr) 
the wood." 

t"^nOA: recipr. and reiter. to give and to 
receive among one another, or repeatedly, 
from time to time. Rev. xi. 10: 7R: ftd. 
Yi^TH: ^•pnnAA': 'KC.ti'- (ICSl^P 
©»: "and they shall distribute presents 
among -fhemselves." 

hfllTlA: i-q- JVi'l'nA: to present, exhibit, 
offer, to give. Gen. xvi. 6 : anYl«5.: hflT 
nA5''^= "sh^ offered affliction to her," 
i.e. " made her to suffer." 

"1*11 A.: Shoa s. Ar. ^Lui' tribe of a nation. 

't'n*^: V. a. Heb. "l^J^ ^^-t^ '** burg, to inter. 

Gen.xxiii.4: P9^'i»'fl^n'"r: "in which I may 

burg." xlix. 31 : •MlCi'1': " I buried her." 

fPUd,- pass, to be buried. Gen. xv. 15: + 

'tTl^tiV- "thou shalt be buried."' xlix. 

31 : fPilt!^: " they were buried." 

•STIC- ^- o, jackal, an animal similar to the fox. 
Ps. Ixiii. 10. 

«I>1i: s. burier. Ezek. xxxix. 15. 

'l>n'?': s. reins of a horse's bridle. 

•IjI'T:: s. concubine. 2 Sam. xv. 16. 

*|»n^: s. Eth. ^'fl?\-"f : and ^-flt^^:: the 
anointing, the ointment, unction. Ex. xxix. 7. 

^nl'T: KiJOANUG, s. Ethiopically composed of 
^H: and Y-l: nug-oil, a good oil for lamps, 
and nearly as good as olive-oil, even for 
salad and other purposes. 

^-nO: and ^-flYk: Eth. stat. constr. ^Ml?i: 
or^-flO: and, in the Amh. Vei-sion, often 
^iic^: oil, ointment, &c. i.g. ^fl: and «|>n 

^-fl-H-n-H: ..?ifl1>r: 

( 7G ) 



f" ^-n*^: *J^fl: "holy oil," 'i.e. "olive 
oi/." Ezek. xvi. 18. 
^"flU'flTI : k'kbkzbkz, particle of an anxious 
erring, wanderhuj, or Jlutlerhuj about — : 
?»A: liter. " to say K'iiciizBKZ," i.e. " to wan- 
der, err, swerve, or jlulter about anxiously." 
Matt. ix. 36. ^-flTI'n'HT": -nAOh: \t\ 
<J,F: "because they were vanderinfj about 
with anxiety, timorously." 
T^OHnH: iy. ^-imn-H: ?iA:: Gen. 
iv. 12, 14. xxi. 14 : -t-abn-H-T.!!: ^n^^' : 
"she was timorously meandering about." 
Numb. xiv. 33 : ^^nHfiWA-: "they 
shall so-rroufully icander." 
?i^nHnH: trs. to drive about, to cause to 
wander in anxiety, sorrow, uneasiness, &e. 
Jobxii. 25: X'JK: ti'^il": y^tlH 
•nHH'V£t'. "he maketh them to stago-er 
like a drunken man." 
•fntn^i^: '^'- a. to stuff, to cram ; fdl up ; to tie 
into a knot. The soft Q : is often changed for 
a *p : when it becomes ^J flff 4 : ?• i'- 
3>J°: s. the being out of breath, the gasping, pant- 
ing ; the asthma. 
1;^: Ar. |U* cucumber. Num. xi. 5. 
'P't'C- ^* noon-day, mid-day. Gen. ui. 8. 
'ft't^: g_ Q small piece of the icoof of a cloth; a 

candle made of such a piece. 
4»i.TT: V. a. Eth. ^"fQ):: to wager, to bet, 

to lay a wager. 
4^^5'- ^- '^'^ betting, the wager. 
J»Tlf : s. a sort of bread made of t'ef and 

^'J'P: Ar. iy^j boiled coffee. 
^f: V. n. Eth. «I»^?^:: Heb. K2,"? to be jealous, 
envious; to labour under jealousy or envy ; to 
study, to be zealous. Gen. xxvL 14 : •fi^fl't': 
"they were envious against (envied) him." 
1 Cor. xiL 31: A^^-^-nATT": X;j: *l-: 
" study for (strive after) the superior grace." 
"V^f. a- io envy, to shew jealousy, &c., with 

ace. of the envied person. 
iitfpf: caus. to excite jealousy or anger, to 
irritate, to exasperate, to provoke to anger. 

Ps. Ixxviii. 58: n"lP:t:^^'(I>'9°■• ?»fl 

1'Th'Y': "and with their idols they exaspe- 
rated him." 

^r: v.n. Eth. ^\\:: Tig. «l>lt^:: An JiS\ 

"erectus stetit," to be straight, even, direct, 
right, upright, just, righteous, equitable, favou- 
rable ; e.g. P'Pi': part. re), perf. "that which 
was or is straight, &c. ;" and adj. straight, 
direct, &c. P^'f: »o'}l^: "a straight 
road." Ps. Ixxiii. 1: ^C: i(D-'- AH^^OM 
A'Tf : "he is good to them whose heart is 
upright." JSAI'rA^"?": "it was not 
straight or favourable tome." YIQ: ?\A*I* 
fAT9": "the business was not favourable 
to him," i.e. "he did not succeed in it." 
?\<|»f : trs. to make straiglit, right, prosperous ; 
to direct. Ps. x. 17: AH'FCD'T: jh'trT 
AH: "thou u-ilt direct, make upright, &c. 
their hearts." ■X"iH./\n<h.C: o^'il^ 
0)1: jf^TAfl): "may God (straighte'n, 
make even) direct yoiir way for you ; " i. e. 
" I wish you a good journey ! " 
Yx'Pi'i'. intrs. to produce order, give prospe- 
rity. Mark ix. 12. Ps. cxviii. 25. 
•lif: s. Tigr. and Shoa. A certain measure of 

dry tilings, i.(f. ovfi^-. q,v. 
fT: s. day. Eth. OA^':: Tigr. B»JOA't::: 
e.g. Tn — : (DK= — '■ "from day to day," Isa. 
Iviii. 2. "^kVl- A : — : " half a day," or " mid- 
day," i.q. «1'^(^:: 
3'f:? Ludolf " cantus, de voce humana, quasi 
sic dictum esset a canendo." yufjr: — : 
a certain musical wind-instrument. 

^i: s. Ar. SLic "cantus." Heb. Tll'^p "lamen- 
tation for the dead." hymn, song ; a piece of 
poetry, the art of poetry; esp. prosody and 
versification. — : WQ'iA.'V: or oij'^A. 
•f: — : or composed: ^f^'iA.""!': the ex- 
terior circular division of a church, where the 
congres'ation assembles, and which surrounds 
the two inner circular divisions, the sanc- 
tuary and the holy of holies. Vid. o^i'^ A."!* :: 

4*T: s. justice, equity, right, righteousness, up- 
rightness, honesty ; adj. just, equitable, right. 

ftlj: . . . ^-J^'it-: 

( 77 ) 

4»-im:-« "pm: 

upright, honest. Ps. xxv. 21. xi. 2: Afl: — : 
and composed, AIl^T: "upright^ "straight- 
forward oiF lieart." 

A^S ■ ^' fonguage. Gen. x. 5. hV^JCJP- — • 
" the Amharic language.'" 

«j»v'jq>-.'^: s. a moth. 

'p'-'i^i,; s. earwig, auricular worm (an insect). 

'P'i$'^ ■ s. singer ? Ezra ii. 65. 

^f '*!•: s. (1) envy, jealousy. Etli. ^'}?\^'l': and 
^'i^-'V:: Matt, xxvii. 18. (2) belt, girdle, 
espec. waistband, on wliich the sword is sus- 
pended : strap which is fastened round the 
belly of horses, mules, &c., and by which the 
saddle is fixed on the animal's hack. Isa. 
xxii. 21. Rad. ^'Yt: Eth. 

•ff^: s. Isa. vii. 3. xxxvL 2. Ar. 'i'jS " cana- 
lis subterraneus per quern aqua ducitur." 
a conduit. 

^rT?: adj. & s. Eth. «l>r?»,: »"<! IT*^:: 

jealous, envious; and, envier, jealous person. 
'P\i':: P'PWQy''- surname of the Apostle 

Simon; it is to answer the Arabic spelling, 

. JlilS " native of Cana in Galilee." 
^li't" '• s. uprightness, rectitude, love of justice, 

honesty, equity, jiropriety. 2 Kings vii. 9. 
^TK: and «|>rc^: Eth. Vid. fr-f?:: 
«^^?i•1': and ^^t^■■r: Eth. i.q. ^T-'f- q-v. 
*I»^^'"^■: or •I»'}?i'"r: Eth. o-raKT^, stacte, the 

oil which sweats out of cinnamon or myrrh ; 

ointment made of liquid myrrh. Ex. xxx. 23. 
*p^\^: non occ. 

T4»-r.K= Cant. ii. to skip? 
^'}_g-: 8. Eth. I'O" Tig. ^CX" Heb. y^ij) 

Ar. ^ J Lat. cornu. Gr. jcepaf. horn. 
«|>'}P: s. a tambourine, hand-drum. 

•fJP A: s. Ar. JjjJJ "candela," lamp. Ex. 

XXV. 33. 
^'iS^'W s. Eth. and Tig. •p^lTI" eye-brow. 

Lev. xiv. 9. 
4»^^: and diminut. •t'lj^P^f" S- f''"^' virgin. 

pi. ^YQ^ ^ : : Gen. xxiv. 1 4. 
^"i^Vt"- s. virginity, age and state of a virgin. 

Jer. iii. 4. 

4^lfn: non occ. 

'T4»'rffl : V. n. to climb, to clamber, to scramble. 
JT^f): s. Tneai which has been cut into thin 

stripes, and dried in the air. 
ifjrrjp: s. Ar. .ILJJ " centenarium," « flMn- 

rfred weight, quintal. Ex. xxv. 38. xxxvii. 24. 
'1»^'1T^'Y': s. a little handful, so much as a 

person can take between the extremity of 

his fingers. Lud. 

Tf^'i(U^n\d.- V. a. denom. to curl the hair. 
^1 f^'l'zs. a single grain or corn. Matt. xiiL 3 1 . 
4»-l fD tn : V. a. <o pinch, to sting. 

'f'^hmni- pass, to be stung. 
•p'jrrifT),^: ? 1 Kings xii. 11. 
'p^'i^^^}y: s. & adj. stinging, any thing ivhich 

stings. —: "Hi-fi: " stinging-Ry,"" " mus- 

chito." Ex. viii. 24. 
^•^TEEL: K'wii\NErsH''A, s. a flea. 
•fF^,: K ANAFA, s. a triangular piece of cloth 

inserted in trowsers, between the juncture of 

the legs. AI. UlAflXT: q-'"- 
^'{^'t': s. collar, on a shirt or coat. 

^I^H: s. Ar. iiii Etk ^10,11" Heb. 

^S|7 porcupine. 
^'iQ.K- i'^- Isa. xiv. 23, 

«1>"F: V. a. Eth. "tlP:: Ar. Jli "cantavit." 
(l) to sing, used of men, of birds, and of other 
creatures. (2) to make poetry, i.e. to versify. 
Hence ^t: q.v. 

•t'? : s. the right hand, the direction to the right- 
hand side; adj. right, being on the right-hand 

q>(Do«: Vid. ^ou:: 

«|>epiji^: s. liter, the slander, appellation of a 
certain class of man-skives in Shoa, whose 
business is the cutting, cleaving, and carrying 
of wood: wood-slave. 

^■Htroi: s. a short, crooked, and strong knife, 
which the Abyssinians, esp. in Shoa, use to 
carry about them. 

^H\: V. n. to go to stool. Al. ih^: and ?v^:: 
?vfl'I'Hl: caus. to make go to stool, to purge. 

•I'm: i.q- ih«J.: and "K^: stool, excrements. 

•PHft: ...«l;^: 

( 78 ) 

afr •I'Krt: 

1*Hi5.: V. B. Ar. ujAi" and i_jj>>- "propulit 
navem remis," io row. inf. inJifHQ.: Mark 
vi. 48. 
<f P: or «|*"P: v. a. to ivait, to expect, wait for. 
inf. Ol>4»^p^: the waiting, expectation. 
^<{^ P : trs. to make wait, to detain, to con- 
tinue, to reserve, preserve, keep. 1 Kings 
iii. 6: :1-A«tt'19": 9"f"h<->Ul: ?v1»- 
PtlA'l'" "and thy great mercy hast thou 
(made wait, i.e.) kept to him." Zeph. iii. 3. 
't'4*"P: pass, to be waited for. 
?ifl*l*~P: caus. to make wait, keep waiting. 
^_P: KWATA, a^re of dry grass on a mountain, 
made by the Abyssinians about the beginning 
of the rainy season, by setting fire to the 
standing dry grass on a certain spot, which 
extends itself over a large track of land, 
clearing away superfluous and obstructing 
herbs and shrubs, and contributing to fertilize 
the country. 
«i>_JS: Eth. and Tigr. ♦f'^rh" adj. red, flesh- 
coloured. The Abyssinians call all people 
who are not black like the Africans, «|>Ji:: 
Gen. XXV. 25. 
4>ptnJ: non. occ. 

•(••ppoD : to threaten, to menace. 1 Pet. ii. 23. 

^jpa^: s. the threatening, threat, menace. 

4»-^^: <Ae ivaiting, expectation. — : TtRdll- 

" to make waiting," to keep ivaiting. Judges 

iii. 19: IT-A"?": 4^.^:1': 7\RCI- "and 

the king made a waiting,"" i. e. " gave a liint 

to the bye-standers to wait outside." 

q>^: V. a, Eth. 'p^th" Tig. •T^rh,:: Ar. 

i^to draw water, or any other fluid, inf. 
oo^j^-^:: Gen. xxiv. 11: (D'^: fiJ^R,' 
" in order to draiv water." 1 Chr. xi. 1 8. John 
ii. 8: «|»^T^a>': "draw (from) them." 

• i^P : Tiifn^lAU' : " I "'^^^ draw and 

•^tpV: pass, (of fluids) to be drawn. 
Tttl'P!^' ^^^- ^^ '"'^^'^' o^der, OT allow to draw 

^g;: KID, s. the straw of a grain called t'ef. 

Vid. fltq." 

3jJ^: k wada, s. slightly tanned neat's leather. 
3jJ^: k'wad, s. a lunt, match. 
«l»^OD: V. n. Heb. D^j^ Ar. ^^ to precede. 
inf. on^^TD. Gen. xxxviii. 28: ^^^K,: 
«I>g on : " one preceded," " was first'" P «|»Jii 
OO'-'J- : " those that were before," " they of 
old," "forefathers." ^'J^tp': constr. l.pre- 
viuusly, informer time, is used as an adverb. 
•{••Jj^oh: pass, to be put or set before, to pre- 
cede, inf. OD«|»^iyo: the preceding (of a 
book, &c.), the introduction, preface. 
^fl^PJ^oo: caus. to make precede, to begin 
with. inf. oqf|«l>^gn:: constr. 1. ?ifl*l» 
^tfO: is used as an adverb, in the begin- 
ning, formerly, previously. 
T'PJ^K'"°* recipr. to rival, to emulate, to vie 
with one another, to endeavour to precede each 
other, and i.q. '|'«I>j^au:: Acts xii. 14: T*!* 
^j^OTJ^-: "she went before." Rom. xii. 
10: TxCXt"- nC«1'T-l>7": f}o^Ytno 
'T'l'XK*'^*': "vie with one another in ho- 
nouring (each other)." v. 13: f|.^T?''T' 
•Yfu; At™^nA: P'ri'EK"^^-l»': U- 
\.'. " be such as vie with 'each other (or are 
forward) in receiving strangers." 

4>^«?n: and ^^Tn;: s. Heb. Dip Ar. Jsl 

■■ ■' r ' 

the former time. f\ — : adv. before, previously, 

at first, in the commencement. . P — : ^iJP't': 

"great-grandfather." Vid. hcnjJP'l*:: 

^>^ai^:: Tigr. and Eth. «l»Xtnj_p: the first, the 
beginner ; the pommel of a saddle. 

^J^°^: s- & fdj. Eth. principium., primum, 
primus, prima." Amh. Saturday, i.e. either 
^^o^: "PTr: the day preceding to the Sun- 
day; or, as Ludolf has it, ^J^"^: rtlfl'T: 
" the old (Jewish) Sabbath." 

4»J^o^>»JP-t': pl- of the Eth. ^^onjJE:: the 
first ones, firstlings. 

^S.fl- v.a. Heb. CJ^p Ar. ^__^JJ, to sanctify, 
consecrate, to ordain, make holy, set out for 
holy purposes, to hallow, inf. DnB«J>gfl: the 
sanctifying &c. the holy place, or sanctuary, 
esp. the second partition in Abyssinian 
churches, where the priests use to be, and 

•ri»Krt" ••*"i: 

( 79 ) 

1'«I>n|: . , .-fPOlti' 

where the Communion is administered. 
Vid. af}^/i.if:: 

't't' " P*iss. to be sanctified, hallowed, &c. ; 
e.g. fl9««: ^^^t\'. "hallowed be Thy 
name!" inf. tnnp^fj: the being sancti- 
fied, sanctification, &c. 
«|»Ji^rt,: s. consecration, ordination; esp. the Com- 
munion Service. Lev. xxi. 6: P'5\"lH.?i'n 
(ifcC: — : "things consecrated," "hallowed to 
the Lord." 
^3i,fl: adj. fem. ^Jl^fl^:: pi. ^^i^: f. 

*£,'T['r:: Ar.^ljjand^_^ji. Heb-UJili? 
holy, sacred; e.g. oul^fl: — : "the Holy 
Spirit." ^^rt: «{>^i^T: or as Heb. ix. 3. 
P^^'^'i: oo^Kfl: "the Holy of Holies," 
denomination of the most holy place in the 
Israelites' tabernacle and temple, and in the 
Abyssinian Churches. 1 Pet. i. 15: 'X^K: 
*K.ri-: *^i^1: Ibi-. . . . TK ^.TAf: 
^K,"^: Ihi-: Txi: ^K^fl: llf:: "like 
the Holy One, be ye holy .... For it is written, 
Be ye holy ; for lam holy."^ ^H : — : "holy 
oi],"i.e. "olive-oil." 

^p-i^'Tt': s. holiness, sanctification. Eph. iv. 30. 
1 Chr. xvi. 29. Not often used. 

^^fjf: s. holiness, sacredness, sanctification. 

*p\^tl\'l' ' s. holiness. Ps. Ixxxix. 35. Isa. Ixiii. 
10, 15. 

«|>p ^ : v. a. to tear, to rend, to lacerate, to break. 
Gen. XXX vii. 30. Num. ix. 21 : tnj A.'^: iX 
•Ji P": "when the morning breaks," " rends the 
darkness to pieces," i.e. at the dawn of the 
day. Joel ii. 13: AH^U-l: ^KK,: AflOl 
^lj'19": ?iJE^A9": "rend your heart, 
and not your garments." 

^jpP: s. a hole, rent, fissure, chap, breach. 

Mark x. 25, 
^E&- '"'^' '^ '"°?' ^'"■'^'''"^ cloth. Isa. lis. 17, 

improperly for " helmet." Ezek. xvi. 16, 
«|>^: s, one who draws liquids. Joshua, ix. 27. 
'PP : 8. hep, berry of the dog-rose. 
«l»rn: V. a. <o chastise, correct, inf. on ^O] ■■!■:: 

Heb, xii. 5. 

•f*!'") : pass, to be chastised, corrected, to im- 
prove by chastisement. Lev. xxvi. 23. 
*I>'P: part, uprightness, siraightness. — : ?&A: 
" to stand erect, (upright) ; to be ready, per' 
feet, accomplished." Gen. xxxvii. 7 : 'PV: 
•fl^: ^OB^-: "stood upright." — : ?»J^ 
4^7: "to make straight, upright, &c." "to 
chastise, correct, punish." Dan. viii. 18: 
'P'V'- ?»,K'C'l9°- "M*"^^' "and set me 
'^Ti:: «5BE|,:: ^GC},:: ^H"' ^K'- s. unleavened 

«|f T : s. anus, rectum ? 
Jl>«): V. n. to fetch out (a blow). 
«|»^»T1: non occ. 

•f«i»»ri^ : V. act. Eth. f •Jh-T Or.tobe angry. 

inf. oT)«j»™«T^'l-:: Gen. iv. 5. 
^».fl4^''l: trs. to makeangry, to provoke, excite 
to anger, to irritate, exasperate. Ps. Ixxviii. 58. 
«|>^«): s. Eth. & Tig. «t»^'yci:: anger, wrath, 

indignation, passion, ire. 
^dt": adj. Eth. 4*^rfr'0" angry, wrathful, in 
apassion, of an uagry disposition. Prov.xv. 18. 
•I'niA: non occ. 
T*I»"lfnA: V. recipr. to follow each other. 
2 Sam. xxi. 1: I^fi't': Kod^-; <j..n: W 
1: f ^'"ITA?: "there was famine tliree 
years successively." 
S'fflA: V. n. to burn, to glow, be hot. 

hi^i'tDti. trs. to make hot or glowing, to heat, 
to burn, to kindle. Gen. xxxi. 40 : '^nj'^P 
TA^: J^cifl: "till it (so tliat it) burned 
me." >»fl3F3>TAl: for ■>»ri'ln.JP3» 

't'3'fnA : pass. & n. to be kindled, heated, &c. 

to burn. 
•PttlA: and «I»RA: Eth. v. a. to crown. In 
Amharic, it is technically used, in building 
houses of stone, to make a projecting edge to 
the roof with sheets of slate round the top 
of the house, which serves as a protection 
against tlie rain. 
•fPttlA: and T'fRA: (1) pass, (of houses) 

to be furnished with a cornice of slates 

on the edges of the roof. 



( 80 ) 

(2) [of plants] to bud, shoot forth with a dark- 
green colour. 

^mA: and «I>KA: Eth. "crown." Amh. a 
projecture or cornice made of slates, sur- 
rounding the edge of those roofs of houses 
which are built of stone and are called hEd- 
dEmo. Vid. ^j^qo:: Also, those stoes them- 
selves are called '|>KA:: 

^fnA:and^XA: s. /w/ of plants. Gen. iii.7. 
viii. 11. In common language, ^fHA: is 
often inaccurately used for plunlx ia general. 

'PfRd.: and <I>X«^:: v. a. to hechje in, fence in, 
to surround witli a hed<je, fence, or wall. Jer. 
vi. 6: ^"VC.- ^m<.: "fence a fence," i.e. 
"surround (Jerusalem) with a circumval- 

'T'l'fn*^: pass, to be surrounded with a fence. 
Deut. ix. 1. 

^TC' ^^^ ^JtC" ^- fence, hedge, wall. Lev. 
XXV. 31. 

«^fn«^: V. a. to number, enumerate, to count. 
inf. oo4»^friC" Ps. xlviii. 13. 
'V^-'flXl^' pass, to be numbered, counted, inf. 

•rSni*^- intens. to reckon, count, settle ac- 
counts, inf. au^fnC" Matt, xviii. 23 : 
nCl^l: S^^mi.^Si-- H'JJ^: "that he 
mieht settle accounts with his slaves." 

•j-4H.rrj fll t^: id. to calculate, to reckon. 
*fll4^: V. a. Eth. «1>^9«^:: to knit, knot, to tie 

knots or loops; to fdl up, to stuff, to cram. 

gjfi'^: — : "to disfigure one's face," "to 

frown." Matt. vi. IC. Ps. xvii. 10. 

-l-^m^: pass. Ex. xii. 34. Vid. «pnm<^:: 
^^"^C- s- numf}er. 
4*^1? <J.'^: s. enumeration, account, number, sum. 

Gen. xlii. 27. 
^'Vif'i- s- Ar. j\Jk:S liquid pitch, resin. Ex. 

ii. 3. cf. Heb. n^j7 incense. 

^fD<f>fn: V. a. Ar. bSiji' " tenuissima pluvia 
pluit ccelum," to dash, to bruise, to crush. 
Gen. iii. 15. 
'T^'fn'l'fn: pass. 

TTPfD'I'flri: to tremble. Gen. xxxii. 7. 
Dan. v. 19. 

4*»mn: V. 

to (/other, 

« ... ^G.: 

Ar. i_,^ "collegit, colligavit," 

pass, to be gathered and to keep 

Eccles. iii. 6. 
4"T|""f: s. chastisement. Heb. xii. 8. 
^m\: V. n. cf. Eth. *mi: and Heb. pp "to 

be small, unimportant." Ar. ^1^' " primordia 
pampinorum protulit vitis." to be thin, lean, 
meagre. Ps. cv. 18 : n"lC: 'fi^^: >»"1C 
^: 4^lDi-: "in foot-irons grew his feet thinS' 
?^fl*I*fni: trs. to make thin, attenuate, ei- 

tenuate. ' 
?i3»fnl: to angle, to fish with the line. 

'I'iTir: s. (1) leanness, meagreness, thinness. 
(2) a burning, blasting wind, as the Simmoom, 
Harmattan, Sirocco, &c. 2 Chr. vi. 28. Job 
xviii. 12. 

•tm,^: s. the venereal disease. Eth. and Tig. 
<5.'5*T1«T|:: In Shoa, <5.TtJ"1: signifies 
" the small-pox," which in the rest of Abys- 
sinia is called 'l-^^ :: , 

fl'tP-A: a little bell. 1 Chr. xv. 28. 

4»tCl7°: s. anil. 

«I>cp.'}: adj. Eth. and Tig. q>m.T:: Heb. pp^ 
"subtilis," thin, slender, lean. 

•PH: V. a. i.q. 'ftri:: Jer. xlvi. 28: ^^'fJi^I 
Ali": "I will chastise thee.'^ 

4»*i: s. a large granary, larger than 'pfS^i or 
iT^.: q-v. 

•PR A: v.a. Vid. «l>mA:: 
«^»KA:s. Vid. 4>mA:: 

<rR«^:and'r«i'X<^:: Yid.^fUd^-.t'Pm^,:: 

4>R-C: Vid. ^T^:: 

5tR<: andT^X^:: Vid. ^mr^:: 

^'R'H'^: Eth. s. the motion of the eyelids, tu-in- 
kling, hint. ^R-flT: t^Jil: "the twinkling 
of an eye," 1 Cor. xv. 51. Rad. *I>Kn : Eth. 

4»H'^:s. i.q. 4"T)''l':: Gen. xlix. 22: p^ 
H^- AS"' " son of cAaviisemen/," translation 
of the iT)b25 " a fruitful son ; " which would 
have been rendered better Q^CyV^'- A^: 
or ^^1: Pa^,yi&,6.: £i^:: Jerem. vii. 28. 

tf £^: s. a large sort of baskets, from five to 

'P^A: .. . fl: 

( 81 ) 


upwards of nine feet in length, narrow at the 
top and at tlie bottom, and a little wider in 
the middle. It is twisted of rods, and thus 
used for bee-hives : the larger ones, however, 
are bedaubed and cemented with a mixture 
of cow-dung and clay, and serve as granaries, 
differing from the ^f^: proper (for some- 
times the ^G,: also is called •)T<5.:) only 
in the material of which they are made ; the 
*iT<5.: being made of a tenacious potters 
clay. Matt. xiii. 4S : it is used improperly 
forTni<5.C: fj-v. and Jer. v. 27 : for "cage." 
'PQ,£i.- Ar. Jiji lock, bar, bolt. Isa. xx-\-ii. 1. 

T^A'"r: 3. Ar. ^lilS caravan. Tig. and Shoa 

?iCir:: Dankaiialso "arho." 
^^d.: V. a. Heb. "iCn Ar.jl-;! to dig, to iiM. 

inf. vm^QX,:: Gen. xxi. 30. 

'V^&.d,- pass, io be dug, tilled, inf. OD«^ 

7\tl^&,d. • caus. to cause digging, tilling. Gen. 
xxvi. 18. 
4»"4.^ ■ ^- °' '^'0U'^^> one who digs or tills. 

n : BET, or with Amharic letters n/f - " house," 
is the tenth letter of the Amharic alphabet. 
Its name is probably taken from the cognate 
Semitic dialects. Its pronunciation is in 
Tigre, and some other parts of Abyssinia, the 
same as that of the modem Greek /8, the 
Hebrew 1, and English v, with a soft pres- 
sure and a little aspiration : the rest of the 
Abyssinians pronounce it like our 6. This 
double character of the fl:. which is main- 
tained also in the Hebrew Q and 2), must 
have been more general formerly than it is 
now ; for it is owing to this only, that in se- 
veral instances it has been exchanged for the 
Q): and even for the mere vowel o : e.g. fV^: 
NORA, Amk for m^: Eth. nawara, "to re- 
main," "be seated," "situated," "constituted;" 
from which root we have in Amharic 001"^: 
MANOR, (inf.) "the dwelling," "remaining;" in 
Eth. and Tigr. oo^nQ: manvar, (inf.) "the 
remaining," "sitting," "seat," which latter 
signification is retained in Amliaric, where 

man'bar(o«t n CO interchanges with mam'bau 
(ouijtifj^:), wan'bar ((DTflCO ^"^ ^'^"'■ 
BAR ((l)9"nC") It is also, occasionally, 
changed for OD: e.g. H^ou; ("to rain"), and 
■HJ-yu: ("the rain"), for Hin: and 'Hr-fl: 
&c. On the liquid "5: it has, like its fellow- 
labial ^: a retrospective influence, by which 
the "}: when preceding (l: is often changed 
into the labial fjv-. e.g. "HT"-!! : for lili-n: 
"a fly," T* go'fi : for T'J'fl : " carcase," CD9« 
nC= '°" 081 nC"- -^-'- others. 

As a particle, fl : is, like A: prefixed to 
nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, and prepo- 
sitions, or rather particles of relation, in tlie 
same manner as described sub lit. A : page 5. 
With regard to those particles of relation, 
which in the Amharic language are not only 
prepositions, but also post-positions, the n : 
is prefixed to them in both these characters. 
As to the USE of this particle, it is a prepo- 
sition before nouns, pronouns, and particles ; 
and a conjunction when prefixed to verbs. 

(1) As a preposition, its principal significa- 
tions are, in, on (upon), at, by, through, with, 
against, upon, for (exchange), over. 

Instances: (a) in. flfL^: "in the house." 
n>ii"iH.?i'flfh.C: K«7«rAlh: "I believe in 
God." n!riCi^'t"i^: tVI°-- "in the name of 
Clu-ist." nCDTLA: JPfll-'T^d.A': "they 
teach (m) the Gospel." fJ'l»'l'C:: flA.^:: 
n'PT-t': "in (at) noon;" "in (during) the 
night," "in the morning." i\an^au£^i 
" in the beginning." 

(&) on. n'P'RC' "on the ground." flj^ 
"Yl^: "on a sudden." TiCfh: n«oinj?: 
KD': "he is ore the road." fl'h-An'ts: T?" 
n^VlTn: "he knelt down on his knees." 
n&rP: (DS.^z " he fell on his face." [ifl^: 
"on Monday." no"f|«|>^: f|<]>Aa^: "he 
hung it on a peg." 

(c)at. q^1AA: "af Angollala." nftf: 
«u>': "he is ai home." Uo^WLdXi' " "■^ 
the end," " at last" mjf : T.H.: " at once." 
HKS*: "of the door." 

(cf) by. Heb. x. 38: J4^^: n*f^"ij 
r^*: JEJ^r^: "the just shall live by faith." 



( 82 ) 


n'hlH.'Mld^.C,: dXrt"' "h tbe assis- 
tance of God." All the Abyssinians' adju- 
rations by God, the Saints, &c., are done 
with n— :: mJl^Cr: tW^^C,: ^(h-RA: 
" he travels hij sea and by land." 

(e) throutjh. Johnxiv^.e: fll.: "ihroughme/' 
Phil. iv. 14: ria^^n^A"?: nVlCnt-fl: 
" through Christ wliich strengtheneth me." 

(/) with, n.ii: y\Rd.''lU-1': " mth my 
hand have I done it." fi'PfS.'F^i''. IKDd, 
•fr-Y-: iifiltAiJ: "I wrote to thee itith ink 
and with (on) paper." n^3*J^- "with liis 
will," i.e. " of his own accoi'd." n^Vl:: fl''^ 
HT: "with measure," "with weight or 

(g) against, upon. RA't": •^"'"in^". "my 
enemy came against (upon) me." P^C- ?iK 
^in^- "he made war against liim." Matt. 
vi. 12: JE*C: RAl: of: ^ACD^"?: "for- 
give (or remit) us that which is against us" 
(our debts), "^V: K^»oT: ^*C= "'^'^R 
T^IA: t\V: yt\n^(D-^-: "as we like- 
wise forgive (remit) those who are in debts 
to us," (lit. "who have any thing against 
them in our favour.") ^d.^n'-T (D^: "judge 
against (i.e. condemn) them," the contrary to 

(h) for. Matt. v. 38: «^JET: ^^,2.1: 

TCfi9^- m*C'^" "^y^/*"" '^y^' ^"*^ tooth 

/or tooth." nft^flT: -nC: IHlhT: " I pur- 
chased it for six dollars." 

(0 over. Tl'M' : Ji'l H H ^T A : " a king 

reigns over them." ^A: ii*fn'V: "he 
obtained the victory over him." 

When prefixed to some nouns, pronouns, 
adverbs, or particles of relation, it forms 
adverbs; e.g. O^flJ-: "with joy," "joyfully." 
n&rf" ll'l^R^'- "before," "previously." 
non'^OfoQ^ : " at first," " in the beginning," 
"in the first place or instance." qoo^: 
qoo^: "annually." HA.^: "above," "on," 
"upon." n:r^-: "below." na).M^T:" with- 
in," " inside." H dMil : " by," " at the side." 
naqg: "without," "outside," "abroad." 
n:* A: " behind," " after," " past." t\o^WL 
^r{; "at the end," "at last," "finally." n* 

C:f\: "near." n<.*: "far off." 
" by or in this," "herein," "hereby," "hereon," 
"here." nHJP: "by or in that," "therein," 
" thereon," " thereby," " there." mj^: " in 

Several of these adverbs formed with tlie pre- 
fixed n : will become prepositions, when com- 
bined with nominal suffixes; e.g. flAR.: "over 
me." n:h^: "under him (it)." HmTntl: 
" at tliy side." niA■T•^: " after us," &c. 

But when a relation is expressed to a noun, 
the n : is either prefixed to the noun and 
the relative particle follows, as, e.g. fVP* 
K^' A^: "on earth," "upon earth," or 
" on the ground ; " or the n : remains in its 
connexion with that relative particle, and the 
noun or pronoun receives the preposition 
Yl: prefixed to it; e.g. 'Ti^^^X': n:^^'': 
"under the table." YlC'lT'CI^: l\6JV: 
" before them." 

* Wlien the noun, to which l\: is prefixed, 
is accompanied by an explanatory verb, 
which has the relative P: already prefixed 
to it, n: is either prefixed to that verb 
alone or to the noun also. In both cases 
it supplants the Pi: e.g. rJT'PKr^'T': 7x10,: 
n.OT.yT'': ntUJ^.^-: n/Tf: ^^on 
n\£i^: "he dwells in a city which is fenced 
(walled), and in a house which is built of 
stone." ?i9"rA!>: IhA-T: n"^^A: 
n>»"IH.?»'nrh.C= "I believe in the Al- 
mighty God," lit. "in (Him) that can do all 
(things), in God." When the substantive has 
several genitives joined to it, fl : is generally 
prefixed to one or to some of them, as well 
as to the reigning substantive ; e.g. m "t; : 
f\J\"- flK^: «l»oa: "he stood in the door 
of my father s house." 

(2) -ll : is a conjunction, when prefixed to the 
finite verb. In that case, it precedes the pre- 
formatives_p: ^': and V*: Ci*: J': /\:) under 
the same regulations as the A: q.v. Like 

* The following rule concerning the construction 
of the preposition fl: is likewise applicable to the 
other prepositions A: Ifl: and '^^,^■.: 



( 83 ) 

n-A: • • • -flAtl: 

the other preformative conjunctions ^: f| : 
>»ljf : i\: >»flVl: it does not allow the 
auxiliary ?» A : to remain, but joins only the 
simple verb. Its signification as conjunction 
is a condition, and sometimes a desire, gene- 
rally expressible by " z/" e. (7. "if it 
be or can be." n.A: "?/hesay." 'H^^A: 
?\^C1TAU-: "i/I can, I will do it." -fl 
.t'ODfTi: "Xljifcj^AT: " (/"thou comest, we 
will go." y^Cff: n.i'lO'^Vt'Tx'iti'^: 
" if he speaks {or should speak), let us iiear." 
When in two sentences, which belono; to one 
period, the verb in each sentence has the 
■ '11 : prefixed to it, they must be translated by 
the subjimctive conditional mood ; e.g. John 
xiv.7: ■>kn:'n:ra>'r.^: KTt'}'?": K 
"iqo: nCDS'-T'U': "(/"you knew me, you 
■would have known (would know) my father 
also." In cases like this, when this conjunc- 
tion is prefixed to a preterite, it is not 'fl : 
but fi: e.g- Gen.xvii. 18: ■)sfttnj?».A1: 
nd,-V«: •ntflO-A'?: nn3>1: "i/thou 
wouldst leave me Ishmael before thee, it 
would suffice me." 

■fllf:: niT:: PU*:: or -fiV: &c. s. Tig. -llrfv 
^:: dough. Rad. n^" 

^ti,oti--1-: Heb. nicrri Behemoth, Job xl. 15. 

nifC^ s. Lud. P"TlC;:: a kind of antelopes or 
roes. Deut. xii. 22. 

nori-'E: s. V. nrh:r*Ii:: 

HA: v.a. Eth. HAO" Heb. 1^73 "voravit." 
Ar. fp id. in eat. inf. aij'|iy\'t':: e.rj. ffo 
"TlR.'^' Xn AAlh: " I eat my dinner." ">» 
i.'fi : n A"?": TT: " he ate his supper and 
slept" (went to bed). 
2\nA: trs. to make another eat, to feed. inf. 

"TflA : pass, to be eaten. 
?\finA: caus. i.q. ^uRA" Isa. xlix. 26 = 
M^P^aplt-. ?ifinA^TAU-: " their 
(own) flesh I -mil make them to eat."" 
•n/V: -HA: -flAW: -flAri: -flE.: -nAah: 
•flA'-^f Ih: •nev'i-- -flATA: &c. forms of 
the constructive mood of ?\A: <o say, q.v. 

n A: s. Eth. & Tig. HO A" Ar. JlJ Heb. hv^. 
(1) owner, proprietor, possessor, esp. husband. 

fn Eth. & Tig. it signifies also personality, 
self, as the Amh. H AH'V :: Gen. iii. C The 
noun or pronoun to which HA: stafads in a 
genitive relation, is in the nominative case ; 
whilst QA: is put in a status constructus, as 
in the Ethiopic and the. Hebrew languages. 
e.g. niA: fL"!': "master of the house," or 
"self," as>ii.: lAa-t: "I myself." Kl 
1": HAfl^lI: &c- [Tliis signification of 
HAfL't': (self) however, current as it is in 
the greater part of Abyssinia, is not, or at 
least very seldom, attached to it in Shoa.] 
lA: ^''^JE^^l."'!': "proprietor of the medi- 
cine," i.e. physician, or druggist. HA: U^tl 
•t": "possessor of a wife," i.e. " married man." 
lA: HA: "possessorofahusband," i.e. "mar- 
ried woman," Gen. xx. 3. HA: fD^: "pos- 
sessor of grace," i.e. " rich," from which n A fll 
lY'^: "riches," "wealth," is derived. r\£\: 
Kti^'- "possessor oi joy," i.e. "cheerful," "joy- 
ful," " rejoicing," Ps. cxxvi. 3. — : Ji'KV 
Q: "possessor of understanding," "understand- 
ing," "reasonable," "wise," Prov. xi. 29. — : 
^<5.: "adversaiy," Isa. lix. 18. — : oo^*) 
•?D; "possessor of a curse," one who is under 
a curse ; but esp. " a menstruating woman," 
Ezek.xxii.lO. — : «J"T A: and more usually 
compounded HA^^TA: lit. " possessor of 
spending the day," a man with whom one 
usually spends the day-time, "a favourite," 
esp. of a prince. nA9"*PAl^: state and 
condition of a q A9"TA: " favour," " friend- 
ship," Gen. vi. 8. HA: 0^: and contr. q 
A^: "possessor of debts," i.e. "creditor," as 
well as "debtor." qAI,^^: lit. "possessor 
of bread," "associate," "fellow," "partner," 
" companion," " friend," " neighbour." q AT 
jJ-O'T: "fellowship," "friendship." qA 
H.W: "the proprietor, oumer, of this." 
(•2-) HA: for n^£i.: festival. Vid. nojA:: 

n-A: s. BULA, a yellow, straw-coloured horse. 

Zech. i. 8. 
'OA: s. Eth. & Tig. -nAO" the eating, i.e. 

consumption, or corruption, of metals by rust, 

of clothes by the moth, &c. 

•flAU: and 'OArh- adj. skilful, ingenious, of 
M 2 

'n^W^: . . . flATTia- : 

( 84 ) 'nAfTlt'lT:...nAK«in: 

quick understanding, shreuni, crnfty. cf. Eth. 
IIAI: "acutus fuit." 

■flA*Z^: s. skill, ingeniousness, quicknens of un- 
derstanding, shrewdness, tvilchcraft, art, handi- 
craft, a work of art. Etli. •flA'i-lt': "acies." 

•flAU-r^: adj. i.q. 't}£%V: Scs. a skilful man, 
craftsman, artisan, artist, magician. Gen. 
xli. 33. 

lA: <h"|: man of the laic, i.e. esp. a person 
who lives in a regular marriaj^e, a rarity in 

ntt-O and IXA-C: Ar.^jl' andj^ Gr. /3f 
/Bt/Mof, beryl (a gem), cnjstal. Ex. xxviii. 20. 
improperly written n/vC= forOrittJ; and 
Ezek.i. 22: nA-C= ^°^ ^'V.- 

nt\f\:s. fig-tree, fig. fem. flArt.'f " Gen.iii. 7. 

nA«nf: Eth. Ax. J^_ s. haham-tree. Ezek. 

xxvii. 17. 
n A?i : y.To.tobe luorn out, to be spoiled, damaged, 
esp. used of clothes, utensils, books, &c. 
?»nAri: aet. to wear out, spoil, injure, damage. 
1 Cor. ix. 15: ^l^tliJ^'i: o^'ilO: 
Ti'iS.yii^^Oy'- "i" order that nobody 
should spoil my boasting." Jer. li. 25. 
Tnih: pass. i.q. flAfl:: Jer. xlvi. 15. 
'flAS*'^- ^* ^ smelling bottle. Bl. a kind of 

forceps. Lud. 

•flAl": 9. member of the body in general. 1 Cor. 

xii. Ex. xxix. 17. esp. pud£nda. Lev. xviii. 6. 

nAlJ": s- BALATA, a certain rank in the sers'ice 

of Abyssinian Princes, answering, perhaps, 

to onr Colonel. 

PA J" : s. staff, esp. a shepherd's staff. Ps.xxiii. 4. 

lA't'T: s. widow; and a woman who lives 

separated from her husband. Deut. xvi. 14. 
lA't'Tl'^: s. widowhood. Isa. xlvii. 9. 
•XlA"tr: s. boy, youth, fem. — rP-'P: if*'"'' 

young female. 
'OA'tnil": 9. youth, young age. It properly 
should follow after ^ih^O'T: ^luch is 
preceded by rhQ'Jl^: But none of these 
terms are well defined, so that the Abyssi- 
nianscall a sucking child as well as a man of 
thirty years •flA'tf - 
•flATTW"-' s. treasurer. 

'flATTL"!'!!'"!": s. the state and office of a trea- 

'OAT:: P^i^l: — : "apple of t^ie eye." 
Deut. xxxii. 10. Ps. xvii. 8. Prov. vii. 2. 
Zech. ii. 8. This appellation, however, for the 
eye-apple is very little known in Abyssinia, 
Ludolf s " specillum " (vid. Lud. Lex. Ethiop.) 
is doubtful. 

TAlg-*;.: and nAlj^O'l": Gen. ii. 18. 
2Cor. vi. 15. Vid. subnA- 

MA: hi 

man (i.e. teacher) of the law, scribe. 

lawyer of the Jews. Luke vii. 30. 
n,AT: in the Shoa dialect and the Somal 

language, knife. Al. <I»j5,: which in Shoa 

signifies a, falchion. 
HA: (D"I: and HACD"!: s. a man of usage and 

custom, a person addicted to tlie observance 

of fashion; fashionable. 
1AflD"i1[^: 9. strict adherence to fashion and 

QAHLtJ: (comp. of HA: and PH.tJ: the gen. 

case of JEtl:) the owner, proprietor, of this. 

nAH..P= (comp. of HA: and PUS- ^'^^ o^"- 
case of_V:) owner, master, ov proprietor of that. 

HA.^: s. owner of debts, (comp. of lA^ and 
Oj^:) i.e. creditor as well as debtor. 2 Kings 
iv. 1, Isa. xxiv. 2. Ps. cix. 11. 

n-AJ^: s. steel for striking fire, cock or lock of 
a gun. p — : ^Tl.^ : flint-stone. Job 
xxviii. 9. 

*^£i^6-tl: and T}^« baldaras, s. the 
king's master of the horse. 1 Kings ix. 22. 
churivleer. 2 Chr. xviii. 33. 

n AK*i1 • ^' BALDARABA, a scFvaut whos? busi- 
ness it is to introduce another, and to act as 
agent between him and his master. A re- 
spectable person in Abyssinia receiving a 
visit from a new comer, appoints, at the close 
of the visit, one of his servants as Baldaraba 
to that new acquaintance, to attend on him, 
and to be the medium of communication be- 
tween both ; thus evincing that lie v/ishcs the 
acquaintance and friendship to be continued. 
The relation of Baldaraba is therefore used 
by the Abyssinians to illustrate the agency 
of the Virgin and the Saints between Christ 


( 85 ) HAfrnVr: • • HrhH-m-l': 

and sinful men ; but the Missionaries always 
successfully refuted them, on the ground of a 
Baldaraba being always appointed by his 
superior; which was indeed apj^licable to the 
character of Christ, as il/ec/w^or between God 
and man, but by no means to the Saints. 
HAT.: s. peasant, as to condition of life, and 

in manners. Lud. 
nf\lC,: s. (comp. of OA: and hlC.0 country- 
man, townsman, citizen, inhabitant, native. 
lA: Jj6>: s. adversary. Luke xviii. 3. 
n A fn : V. n. to he greater in any respect. The 
object with whom the comparison is drawn 
has generally the preposition Yl — : prefixed; 
but sometimes it is put into tlie accusative 
case ; and if a pronoun, it is often affixed. 
Gen. xix. 9 : 5l^: . . . YlC"^^®': P^^O 
AT : " e\dl, greater than (to) them," i. e. 
"worse than to them." '7\CSt"- '^'W ■ 
J£nA"lA: "he is greater than thou" (art), 
" eicels thee." Ezek. xvi. 51 : n^nS.Ji'l'fi : 
flA^'I't": "thou excelledst her in (by, for) 
tliy sin." 

2\nAfn : trs. to magnify, enlarge, make 
greater, to increase. Gen. xxiv. 35 : ?in 
Ania>7": "and he has enlarged liim." 
xxxvii. 4. 
•flA'P: 8. enlargement, increase, excellence, pre- 
ponderance, prevalence, that about which any 
thing is greater than another; adj. greater, 
mare. PH.«: ntC.: -flAT: TnK.jP: fll 
"H^: iCD*: "that by which this stick is larger 
than that one, is a span." 

flA-"!: Ar. ^sjlj fem. nA-T: Ar. ijju m. oak, 
and acom. xliv. 14. Ezek. xxvii. 6. 

•flAT: Ar. 4^ paving-stone. Gen. xi. 3: im- 
properly for pH WA : ^^: Heb. -|jpn " pot- 
ter's earth." 

•flAT: Ar. Ll» pavement. Ezek. xl. 17. 

lAfar: adj. & s. comp. of q^; and Okf: 
apossessor of health, healthy, sound. Mattix. 12. 

QACIi;!: and HAR^J: adj. & s.comp. of QA: 
and X^: possessor o/(' grace,' which, in the 
Abyssinians' association of ideas, is con- 

founded with) wealth ; rich, wealthy, opulent. 
HArmit': s. u-ealih, riches. 
•fl A'^: s- advantage, privilege, j)rerogative, pre- 
ference, superiority. Eccles. iii. 19. Rad. 


•flA'-l^: particle of glimmering, glittering. 

•nti^- 'flAfS'''- 2\A: io sparkle, glisten, 

glitter, to scintillate ; to beam, radiate. Ex. 

xix. 16. — : — : ?^.^<^7 : " to make scintillale, 

fulgurateT Ps. cxliv. 6. cf. the German 

"blitz," "blitzeu." 
OACaACO.: v.n. i.5.'flAE^:'nAC0':?kA:: 

Ezek. xxi. 28. 

2\nAC0>AGR.: trs. Iq. -nAcp-: -flAEp.: 

•flACEl'ACE''^: the glimmering, sparkling ; ful- 
gour, lustre, splendour. Dan. ii. 31. 

•flAEp.-t*: (l)idem. (2) flint-stone. Mark v. 5. 
Ps. cxiv. 8. Isa. l. 7: P— : J^11,JP: "flint- 
stone." Ex. iv. 25. 

'nAEP':^: s. -nAEp-Af^;?-:: Ezek. i. 7. 

nihC" s- Ar.^sr sea, lake. As one of the 
directions of the wind, &c., it signifies, ac- 
cording to the Shoa literati, north-west. 

n^i: and HdiC,^- s. (1) substance, essence, 
nature, innate property, quality. The Holy 
Trinity consists of pfj-"!': K^A't': "Three 
Persons," vTroaTaa-etg, which are ^^^: 
nftiCJ^- "®f o^s substance." Material of 
which any thing consists ; e.g. PK.U: K\l 
A.A: nh\C^: (DC*: \(Q-: "the material 
of this crovNTi is gold," i.e. "tliis erov.'n con- 
sists of gold." 2 Peter i. 4: Vjejo/^l^^-ts: 
*l(hCX'3&'' " with the nature of the Deity " 
or " Divinity," or " His Deity " or " Divinity." 
(2) According to the Ethiopic, it also signi- 
fies gem; al. PYlfl^: Rliy-. "precious 
stone:" but more especially (3) pearl; al. 
A* A: q.v. 

HihS-^: m. —%^: f. Eth. a single, unmar- 
ried person, esp. hermit, pi. «lii»:^fl^i'^:: 
Num. vi. 2. it is translated for T^W "Naza- 
rite." Rad. q^fO):: 
Hrh^'^l't": s. single,unmarried life, celibacy, esp. 
state of an hermit. Num. \i. 5. Al.'Xl^l'?!': ^.r. 

nC: •flC: 

( 86 ) 

-nc: • •■ ncnd: 

nC' Ar.JjBXR, s. dry land, opposed to sea and 
islands. Matt, xxiii. 15. Ezek. xxvii. 30. 
The word is uot naturalized in the Amharic. 

nC' S. [/ate, house-door. 

m." <5.fl: — : and i.fl: — : bald, bald-headed, 
bald-paied. 1 Chr. xix. 4. Lev. xiiL 41. 

f\&.: V. n. nCU" to be or become brhjlit, lucid, 
light, shining, io shine, inf. o^'tH/f- t^te 
being bright, the shining, and concrete: light 
(i.e. 'lumen''), candle, lamp, lantern, and any 
other luminary. Vid. oU'fi^^.-'j-:: Gen. i. 
15. Matt. V. 16. of. Ar. i^ "convaluit. iv. 

argumenta valida et res mirabiles protulit, 

ac vicit." 

i\n<^: act. to give light, to light, to shine, 

illuminate. Gen. i. 1 5. Is constructed with 

A: or with the accusative. Matt. v. 15. 

John V. 35. Ejjh. v. 14. Ex. xxvii. 20. 

Num. viii. 2. 
n«i.: Eth. and Tig. -nO^J-.E:: bull, bullock. 

fl'i^: — : "a gelded bull,"" i.e. "an ox." 
'tic.' s. Eth. 'tle^C,:: (1) silver. (2) silver money. 
(3) a dollar. 

Note. — It is of importance to observe the 
kind of dollars current in Abyssinian com- 
merce, as this is the only species of currency 
they have. The only dollars which Abyssi- 
nians will receive are such Austrian Maria 
Theresia dollars as have the form here repre- 
sented. The chief objects of attention in them 
are, the points in the Aggrrifa or shoulder- 
jewel, and in the coronet : if they are not very 
distinct, the Abyssinians reject the dollar as 
not genuine. Also, the S. F. below must not 
be wanting. 

•flC: adj. contracted from -tJCS}" 0) bright, 
clear, light, luminous. (2) of ears of grain, 
reed, &<;. : hollow. 
•flj^: s. often used for •11(^0: pen, pencil, 

uriting-reed. Vid. 'flQO:: 
't\&>' s. brightness of the sky, clear (pure) atmo- 
sphere, fair weather. Matt xvi. 2. 
Vi.: 8. an ash-coloured horse. 
ndM'- and my\: s. i.q.fro^d^: n^;:: « 
icilderness, desert, uncultivated, uninhabited 
"fl <(J.tJ : adj. clear, bright, lucid, luminous, shining^ 
resplendent, perspicuous, trop. serene, joyful. 
Cant. ii. 14. Matt. xvii. 5. 
■flC^il: id. and /io//oz/j. Vid. 'flC- 
'nCHT: s. /jy^^ "lux." Gen. i.3. pi. •flC'i/r 
"p : Gen. i. 14. cf. Ar. 'fl^^n : " argument," 
" proof." 
"flt^Vi^i s. clearness, brightness, perspicuity, 

-n^A." a4A.::and'nCA.:: s.Gr. (S^pvT^os, 
(1) i.q. flA'C- '•^' Ix'i'yl; crystal. Exod. 
xxxix. 13. Rev. iv. 6. (2) a small glass bottle, 
i.q. qOfli: q.v. 
nC^Vy : Jer. viii. 7. from the Arabic Version 

h>.^ji for the Heb. "l^^V crane. 
n d,d,: V. n. Tig. n4«^: id. to fly. cf. Eth. n^ 
^z " gladio transfixit." 

?ifin4«^- caus. to make fly, to cause to fly. 5: 2\finC«!ia>'?'Ar: "for they 
have made me fly." 
ti&.i: s. the flyer, bird, or any other winged 
animal J and trop. a speedy messenger, courier, 
courser. Job xxviii. 7. 
"fli^C,: s. silver in masi, not wrought. 
■flCrt: s. honey-water. 

n^l': v.n. Ar. Jj Heb. pn^ to flash, glitter, 
fulgurate, inf. OD'f|<»^: the flashing, fulgu- 
rating, lightning, fidgour. Luke xvii. 24. 
Hdjld,: V. a. (I) for on^aiJ^: to search, exa- 
mine, to spy. Gen. xxxi. 37. 1 Sam. xxiii. 23. 
(2) Eth. and Tig. to plunder, pillage, for which 
the Amh. has HHH H :: Matt. xii. 29. 
i]C.n&- and nCn<5.: s. pepper. 

m.n6: ..-ni.f- 

( 87 ) 


nCn^: n. pr. Gentile. Ar. 1^5^ a Berber, Nu- 

nC'tli.: Bijrbkra, a place of commerce 
on the sea-coast of the Somal country, oppo- 
site to Aden. It has a good harbour, but no 
good water; and is during four months, i.e. 
from June to September, scorched so much 
by north-easterly winds, that the native 
Somals are induced to occupy it only as a 
market-place from November to the end of 
March, living on the mountains during the 
rest of the year. 

'fiC.'fU. : s. a certain leguminous tree in Abys- 
sinia, the seeds of which are ground, and 
employed in fishing : a certain quantity being 
thrown into the water, produces an intoxi- 
cating effect upon tlie fish, so as to bring 
them floating on the surface of the water, 
when they are caught without difficulty. 

Pi^P/,: V. to scratch. 

'n&.'i\i''t"- s. chafer, hectlt: 

flJ^'X- '^■^- Tigr. nC'l'^" '" ^^ hard, strong, 
firm, robust; to be roucjh, cruel, obdurate. 
inf. (ronC:^'"^■•: 
YMdJi"- trs. to make strong, strengthen, harden, 

to obdurate, inf. aq n C:^ '"T = = 
'Vfl^'X"- refl. to strengthen oneself. Judges 
XX. 22. 

ilC1'= adj. & s. Tigr. "flf^-t^O:: strong, valiant, 
hard, rough, cruel. Gen. vi. 4. Matt. xiL 29. 

H^-Y- : 8. place where domestic auiuials, as 
cattle, horses, &c. are kept, stable. Num. 
xxxii. 16. 

q^J-: s. chamber-pot. Lud. 

"fXdJX"- s- iron. 

-flC't": s- Eth. brass? Ezek. i. 7. xl. 3. 

"flC^'"^'' ^- s''"^"//"'' power, fortitude, hardness, 
obstinacy, roughness, cruelty. Gen. xlix. 3. 

"fldif: s. parchment. From the Gr. fie/x/Spava, 
and Lat. " membrana." Commonly used for 
writing in Abyssinia ; paper being a foreign 
and a verj' rare article among tliem. The 
Abyssinians' parchment is made of goat- 

skins, by their scribes themselves, 

nCffj: and I>Q.f1: s. Ar. (_/~j;y buknus, a 
cloak, generally furnished witli a hood ; worn 
in Abyssinia, by priests when officiating, by 
several monks, and occasionally by high per- 
sonages, especially ladies of rank. Tliey are 
of various descriptions. Those worn by the 
officiating clergy, are, if possible, made of red 
woollen cloth ; but that article being very rare 
in Abyssinia, most of them content themselves 
with a very inferior quality of variegated cot- 
ton cloth, often with an aggregate of rags of 
different colours. Rich people often lay out 
a great deal of gold and silver for a sump- 
tuous burnoos, which is made either of wool- 
len cloth or of silk, and richly embroidered 
and otherwise ornamented with gold and 
silver, sometimes at an expense of more 
than a hundred dollars. Vid. Ex. xxxv. 27. 

f\&.\'V-- «5.rt: — : baldness, bald pate. Lev. 
xiii. 42. 

nO'T: s. slavirtj. Gen. xv. 14. Exod. i. 12. 

VO.-y' It''il- " borneta," hat. 

•n^JTIr': s. new and unfermented wine ; juice 
pressed from fruits. 

n^i : s. door-keeper. 

rit^'ifl: Amli. non. occ. Eth. "genua flexit." 
Heb. and Ar. idem. 

t'indXi'- and-TTOfli^'in: refl. to kneel, to 
bow one''s knees. Luke xxii. 4 1. 

•r'JIl£!:YlYl:id. Ex. xii. 27. 

Jiifjni^Vllr!: trs. to make kneel, cause to 
kneel. Gen. xxiv. 11. 

• ^ ^ 

f\ d^n : V. a, Ar. cJ,lj Heb. "THin to bless. Gen. 

i. 22. ii. 3. 

tn^Vl: pass, to be blessed. 
'PC^ : Ar. s. iiji lake, large pond or pool. Isa. 

xix. 10. 
(hi.'fL- s. blessing, action and form of blessing. 
n-<.Vl : and '114,^1 : adj. blessed. Ps. xviii. 46. 
•flCTrh^^: s. BiiRKiFMA, a small leather cushion, 

stuffed very tightly with raw cotton or any 

other soft material ; sometimes used instead 


n^Tnl*: • • . 111^: 

( 88 ) 

n-fi: ...nrt'l: 

n<i^VlT : V. n. to be costive, inflated in the bowels. 
ITK.: ^n<!;*l-r?'A: " I suffer of in fated 

n^lri'Tt". s. Ar.l<J Heb.n3-13. {I) Blessing 
received from God. (2) Benediction, or wish 
and prayer for a blessing on others. (3) Pre- 
sent, in which ^signification it is also con- 
structed withlR-: as, IK: fli^Vl^: Gen. 
xxiv. 53; and fl^lTlT: l)t: Gen. xxxii. 20. 
?kn<^YlT: V. a. to -present, grant, bestow upon. 
Esther ii. IS. 
'fK^Yl^J'- s- a sort of bread much eaten by 
travellers on a journey. It is made of 
very tliick unleavened dough, which is made 
to enclose a roundish stone of about two or 
three inches in diameter, tlie stone having 
been previously heated. After the dough is 
made up on the stone, the whole is thrown 
into the fire until it is sufficiently baked. 
n^. i-q. m.H:: 
"tiCfi- s. pen, peiwil, writing-reed. 3 Jolm 13. 

p_: oa«|>^4»tC|,: "penknife." 
nCJ?* ''• *^<2^^ of either sex. (m^: — : 
"a male slave." tL^' — : or ntJpB.1;: 
" female slave." pi. 1 f^^ : : 
n^S,:y.n. At.3j to be cold. ^nC^V^- 
"Heel cold." 

^fl<iK: V. a. to make cold, to cool, refresh, 
(IdJ^- and more frequently n^^"- ^^- 1^^ 
Heb."niAaJ/. Ex.ix.23.>i'n5: — : "marble." 


■fl^^: adj. & s. cold, coldness. 

q£»p-; s. At. Jj.l? gun-powder. In Shoa, the 
"lock of the gun" is called n<^: whilst 
"powder" is called g»i<5.:: 

•flC^*^- ^" S'^*> both glass-tables and glass- 

fl'l: for nrtO: (vid-flflO:) v. a. fo bore, per- 
forate, driU. Ex.xxi.6. ^Cfl^l?": noo 
fl<5.5P: ^•fl'ICD': "and let him bore his ear 
through with an awl." 
Tfl'll : pass, to be bored, perforated. 

nf*: and pl^: s. fried flour of barley, which is . 
made up with melted butter and eaten. 

n-n : Ar. ^jj " colour," instead of ij, for the 
Heb. Y^is byssus, a sort of fine linen. Esther 
i. 6. Ezek. xvi. 10. xx\-ii. 7. 

n.i*|: Rev.xviii.l2. for n-fl:: 

nrt: v.n. Eth. 'fl'Krt:: Amh. Yl^." to be bad, 
evil; and, comparative, to be or to become 
worse. Mark v. 2C. 

ni^A: V. n. Heb. 7\1)3 to mature, ripen ; to boil 
or be sufficiently prepared for enjoyment or 
for action &c. Is applied to fruits, to victuals, 
meats, to culinary, chemical, and mental &c. 
processes. Gen. xl. 10: ^<5,: nflA°: 5nC= 
"the fruit was ripe." M*^: flrtA: "the 
meat is dime,''' i.e. sufficiently boiled or 
roasted. PllA^: YIC.: RrtA: "the war 
concern has come to maturity," i.e. to the 
point of decision, ^tltf- nflATA: " the 
boil (ulcer) is ripe." inf. o^'l\(\£v" 
lt\f\t\£\.i trs. to ripen, bring to maturity, inf. 

flfiorq: Ex. xxv. 6: P — : O^IT: "incense of 
Basma;" from the Arabic U**Ai! .jsc "exhi- 
larating (?) spices," for the Hebrew miOp 
DDDn " burning of perfumes." 

nrtnrt: V. n. Zo ie brittle, dry, to wither or fade 
away. Ps. xxxviii. 5. Dan. iv. 15. 

nflT: and flflYl: a preposition comp. of fl: 
and ">»flT: or "KflYl - signifies direction to, 
unto, differing Uttle from (D^: but having 
some idea of resting still adiiering to it 
wherefore it is sometimes taken for fl — 
sometimes for (DK" Gen. vii. 16: — 
aq,^: "outside," i.q. fl"^^:: xix. 6: nftVl 
P^AO)': "beliind him." With the demon- 
strative pronoun J^{3: or y: affixed to it, 
it signifies hither or thither; e.g.Yin/p: fjfl 
TH.tI: (al. <DK.U:) "from his house hither- 
wards." fiflTH.^ • "^ more commonly con- 
tracted, n fit i*: "thitherward," "beyond," 
"on the other side." Yl't-Al^f : flfll:^: 
" before yesterday." Ex. iv. 10. 
nrtf- V. n. to emit a bad smell from the mouth, 

to have a fetid breath. 
n lll^ : particle of compliance : with pleasure / 



( 89 ) 

-rni'A: •• {*$'.'^^' 

readily I (yoti are welcome !) Tliis, and the 
synon. nn-: are used only in Shoa ; al. "i^jl.: 
and sometimes fl^:: In Siioa, all these four 
expressions are employed for the same idea, 
denoting only a gradation of civility, "^ilT.: 
being the simple and straightforward " I 

' will;" nS: "complied;" and qrt^: the 
more ingenious and courteous answer, " If I 
rendered." (scil. pleasure or service, &c.) 
comp. of 'fl: "if," and Y\fl^: 1st pers. sing, 
subjunct. of l\i*f'»': "to render," "to shew, 
"to do." The origin and peculiar meaning of 
in-: which in Shoa is used for the same pur- 
pose as those three other expressions, I have 
not been able to ascertain. 

•ntlO- s. hole, perforation. Vid. fi"^" 

'fl'lT: (Lud.) or 'HflT: (Bl.) amat? 

nH: Turkish Lib Pasha. In Abyssinia, this 
title is given to those officers who have the 
arms, esp. fire-arms, under their care. 

nil J": s. contagious or epidemic disease; disease 
in general. 

nYi'VV' s. & adj. a diseased person; sick, ill, 

(lf\C[y-: part of resignation and despondency, 
may it be, or let it be! i.e. "I must needs let it 
be so, because I cannot alter it." liter, "if He 
(i.e. God) will (have) it (so)." Rad. •!:: 

n-H^: BL-sHAi, s. lotos (a plant). 

n9» : V. a. to suffice, to be sufficient. Gen. xiii. 6 : 

land was not sufficient (for) them." Ex. xvi. 
16: ponn3''T'lhT: ^UA: "so much as 
suff^ces you." Ezek. ii. 5, 7 : ^fiau-: "eiT,^ 
Ifl: nS'Ti'?": JZ/V: >»Tr£U"5: "whether 
they hear, or .whether they say • we have 
enough of if (will forbear)." 
^f|cj>: act. to make suffice, to satisfy. Num. 
xi. 22 : Aon-nA^-O)': :rn3»A*-f (Bf : "t" 
^ A: H'iR- " ^^^^^ thou shouldest be able 
to make it suffice them for their food." 
||j|»^: intens. to be able or sufficient. Isa. 
xl. 29. 
n "f A : V. a. to avenge. 

•mi* A: pass. & refl. to be avenged, io take 
revenge. Jer. ix. 9 : 1^^5i«: "^f^' '^'H 
1l:\^fh- ?iTn'tA'/»T: "shall not my 
soul be avenged on such a nation.?" Ex. 
xxxii.34: H'F'nl'A^FCD': i'T: "on the 
day when / shall be avenged (on) them." 
Gen. iv. 24: fl'l^: W^- jeni>AA: 
"seven- fold revenge shall he taken (from 
i.e.) for Cain." 
fJ'l'A: s. revenge. 
n«PA: and n*F°A: v. n. Ar. jso to grow. inf. 

OD'fl'I'A: and tro-n^A: *^« growing, 


2\f|tjH.A: act. & trs. to make grow, to produce, 
bring forth, inf. a^-fl^i^"- 

?inl'A:id.Gen.i. 11: ga^g-f^: i^OC: J- 
•n^A: "let the earth bring forth grass." 
Haggaii. 11: ffo^£ffa- Rtyw^m^A 
Gf- U-A-: A.P: "and upon all that which 
the'ground bringeth forth." Job xxxviii. 27 : 

"and to cause the coming out of the herbs 
to groiv." 
f]^£i.' s. sparrow (bird). 


n^A": and n'I*^A°: s. Ar. Jju Dank, bakkeli. 
mide. pi. n«l»^A"^:: n^A°'T-:: ?\n<|>A't*: 

and more frequently, ^kH^A-f"^" 

n«&A: s. Ar. 'iib Tig. hi^-C.: f\it\6:: large 

bean, hog^s bean. 
f|«|js|n; Ar. *ftj "the wood of a large tree with 

alinoud-lesves, from which a decoction is 

produced of a reddish or purple-like colour." 

Golius. -Isa. i. 18. 
HfpfJit; Ar. (vJu Gr. ttv^os. Lat. "buxus," the 

box-tree. Isa. xli. 19. 
n«|>£^: postpos. (comp. of n — : and «|>40 

except, besides, exclusive, without, exclusively. 

Always constructed with Tfl — : before the 

preceding substantive, pronoun, or numeral. 

e.g. YiC.ii-. Vi^'C.: "besides or without him." 
P$^h- s. a sort of bread. In the kneading of 

this bread, leaven is mixed with the dough, 

but not allowed to bring on fermentation. Bl. 

•Pi^Oi. .. n-t-i; 

( 90 ) 

Tnti:- .n:i.: 

'fl^'O' Heb. yjp3 ''a slit, cuitmg, esp. Imlf a 
shekel" Ex. xxxviii. 26. Vid. Lee, s. v. 

n^^: s. & adj. the avenger, revewjer ; vindic- 
tive. Rad. n*PA:: 

'fl^JP: s. plant, herb. Gen. iii. 18. Rad. 

nn : V. n. Eth. ^.THrh^ntli : " de aqua qurc de 
pnccipitio dclabitur,'''' to fall. Isa. xiii. 7 : p 
rtOM U-A-: Ail: ^THA: "the heart of 
every man shall fall, or fail." 

ni>: Shoa: part, of compliance : with pleasure, 
readily. Vid. 11*!^: AP"t^: s. Eur. " bibliotheca," library. 
al. paw^,fhq.-V: oa^^rt-n^: "a col- 
lection of books.'" 

•flil^" s. arm-pit, the hollow between the 
shoulder and the sides ; bosom. 

n't*: s. the calf of the leg. 

n^: s, place, room, spot. Gen. xiii. 4. xxii. 4. 

n.^ : s. Heb. n']3- Ar- »^^ house in a large 
sense, family, receptacle of any thing, place 
wherein any thing is lodged. y%^: — : trea- 
sury and treasurer, icarehouse and warehouse- 
man, magazine. P'^9^^: — : lit. "house of 
muslin,"" " house of clothes," " wardrobe ; " 

and generally, "treasury.'" 

PCDS-: — : 

"kitchen." ILT: "il-A": or WV: "hTi 
•J-^A*: "king's house;" and generally, "room 
of state," "parlour." fL-T: JlCnt^l: 
"church." fLT: rtil: "person belonging 
to a house or family." pi. fLT: rtP^*: 
"house-people," "family," pec. "domestics." 
n A : rL'"r ■ " owner of a house," " landlord," 
"head oi a. family ^ "master ;" and in Amhara, 
"self." e.g. qAH.^: tL^- "^e master of 
this house." ^'IC,- ntiilJt: "the master, 
lord of the country," " the governor, prince," 
Gen.xHLSO. eiAai^: "I myself-" 'Jd.a'l--: 
" neighboui'." 

n^C= ®- "^"ff' *^^'^^'' '^°^' "'■""^^' «'^«7''''^- Ps. 

xlv. 6. Gen. xxx. 37. 
tVVh- V. a. to scatter, strew, disperse, inf. ODfl 

-f 1:: the scattering, dispersion. 

TriTi: pass, to be scattered, &c. inf. ODfl 

fl J"'t'l • intens. to scatter here and there. 

2 Chr. xxxiv. 4. 
'Tn^'t'l: pass, of n^'Tl: to be scattered in 
divers places. Nehem. iv. 19. 

il""l''l: part, of scattering. — : 2\A: i-9- Til 
Ti:. — : ?iK<iT: i-<J- nTl" 

n."!"!: adj. & s. domestic, belonging to a house 
or family ; i.q. tVP: rt'fl:: 

nT^: adj. pure, of met.a!s. Ps. Ixviii. 13: 
— : <DC^= "pure gold." 

n.T'P- BiTAWA, s. a broad bracelet of gold foi' 
rich, of silver for poor warriors, who have 
killed ten enemies. It is worn on the lower 

n.'TCD.'^J^: HiTWADDAn, auotlicr title for kas: 
it implies that the king has acknowledged 
and confirmed him in his dignity as rvs. 
Gen. xxi, 22: for "chief commander of the 

'fl^: part, of exclusion ; Eth. •nfW't'Q)^'-- only, 
alone, but. JEiin: il3f: >.*i.A:JAU': 
"this only I want." 'h'l'ild.ViC.: TI^Q 
iVi: l^K'C.I- 'fl^': "do not dispute, but do 
thy business." l^f|-V: I'lfp-f: -nil': T\tf- 
"there are but three men." "^i.: 'fi'^&.'^i: 
Y^ : "1 am alone," "by myself." Num. xi. 14 : 
"M.: nirKJ: ... hA-T'Agn: "I alone am 
not able." f^z when prefixed to 'fliJ': \\Jth 
suffix, strengthens the idea of isolation still 
more; e.g. £U: rtO)': Ail^'O)': ^O)'- 
_?•?»: A'tl^ay*: "this man is uloni', and 
that man is alone," i.e. "these two men com- 
pletely differ from each other." Rad. fjflt 
■t"®: Eth. "solum esse." 

f>^A: and uo^'-fA: s. a youvg dog. 

'fi^\'\"- s. solitariness, singleness, loneliness, 
solitude, singularity. Ps. xxii. 20: il'-'F'i'tTr: 
"my solitariness^ for -fllfTl: JPA^T: 
" my only one." 

*\%" 6.U ■ — : bald-headed. Lev. xiii. 40. dif- 
fers from fli.: as the latter is bald only 
on the crown of the head, whereas the former 
has all the hair of the head falling out. 

n^A: . . nViC: 

( 01 ) 

nVi^cr: . . . nH: 

n^'^: S. after, behind, a/terivards. Vid. ^A" 
TJ^l^: s. baldness of the wliole head. Lev. 

xiii. 42. 
It'll : Shoa n-f: Ar. "^ coffee, esp. unboiled 
coffee : when boiled, those Abyssinians who 
are acquainted witli the manners of the 
Arabs call it •T'i'P: i^ls. In Abyssinia they 
have three different sorts of coffee; viz. 
(1) Such as is produced in the neighbourhood 
of the Lake of Ts'ana. Much is cultivated 
there, but it is of an inferior quality. (2) A 
superior sort is produced in the kingdom 
of Harrar, to the east of Shoa. (3) Tlie best 
Abyssinian coffee grows in the countries 
of Enarea and Caffa. The two latter sorts 
are exported ; and, to a considerable extent, 
sold for Mocha coffee. Caffa, perhaps, is 
originally the native country of this plant.'' 
In Shoa, scarcely any but Mohammedans 
and foreigners drink it : in the rest of Abys- 
sinia it is a favourite beverage of merchants : 
in Gurague, and among the Gallas, it is a 
very common drink. 

?inH: V. to start suddenly from sleep, from 
a dream &c. 

m^: (comp.'of n: and Jvl^:) adv. & adj. 
together, united, unitedly, jointly. TJ^: Yi: 
" we are together:" YlCi'l": ^i'- TiJ^"- ?» 
g^^JO'"!' : " I have made it together with it." 

ql^^.: Ital. "bandiera," flag, ensign, national 

•mK?- hireling, workman who labours for 
•vf ages, ,esTp. day-labourer. Lev.xix. 13. John 
X. 12. 

n■^^'C• flJ'JiK'- BUNDJER WAND, title of the 
chief officer of the customs, sometimes called 

flVJ: V. n. to be leavened, and to be in a state of 
fermentation (used of the dough). Ex. xii. 8 : 
PAfl^: '?iTS'^'' "'unfermented (unleaven- 
ed) bread." 

first-born, firstling, pi. Eth. ?i'fl''lC: an*^ 
n Yl'-iS.'} : : Gen. X. 1 5 : P — : A£" : "first- 
born son." Num. iii. 42. 

Heb. n"^'i3!l Ar. h,^^ primo- 
nJlCf- ( geniture, birth-right. Gen. xxv. 31. 

fiy^£"j^: 1 Heb. xii. 16. 

•flVi_p: Eth. s. Tig. 'n"?!^!-:: Ar.J^ Heb. 
'^^'2. weeping. Isaiah xxii. 12. Rad. nVlP: 
Etii. " flevit." 

0*111^: s. i.q. niTf^: q.v. Job xxxix. 1. 

'flTA't': s. jolie, jest, drollery, mocking, vain 
talk, play. 

'TlTATf : s. & adj. joker, jester, vain-talker, 

fKD'l-: part, of interrogat. indeed? really? 
comp. of n : and "^fl)^.:: Gen. xvii. 17. 

n ^ A: s. festival, feast. Ex. x. 9. fl^A : S"?» 
'I': "feast of unleavened bread," Ex. xxxiv. 
18. — : ill ^■t' : "/easi of the ears," i.e. "first- 
fruits," for "feast of weeks." — : onxA^: 
"feast of tabernacles," ibid. 

'flO^C: 3- a sort oi fern (filix mas), with the 
smoke of which the vessels, in which milk is 
kept up, are perfumed ; in order, it is said, to 
fatten the milk. 

'flOH: s. BKijZA, a beautiful animal of the Dan- 
kali country, resembling tlie cow in size, and 
the deer in form and stature; and its flesh is 
said to have a most excellent taste. 

lOj^: Eth. other, different, strange. — : ?ji9ii 
/\i\: "another God." Ps. Ixxxi. 9. Rad. 
nog: Eth. "alius fuit." cf. Ar. Ij^ " di- 
stant," " remote." 

nH: v.n. Eth.n-HT: Tig. nii't:: to be or 

become much, to increase, to multiply, inf. on 
'flHI-'t-: the being much, increasing ; increase, 
multitude, imp. sing. m. 'HH: f. "flTl!" 
pl.-flH-: (not to be confounded with the adj. 
■flH-::) multiply, be much,"' Gen. i. 28. With 
a following Vi: it forms a comparative, e.g. 
>kA1^: "nV: ^tlH^'^U': "you are more 
than we." fj^.: fiH-n^: "the work in- 
creased against (was, or is too much for) me." 
N 2 



( 92 ) 

hfinnnn:-.. n^: 

"rnH: pass, to be made much, to be increased, 

mvUiplied or augmented. Gen. i. 29. 
KflH? act. to make much, to increase, multi- 
■phj, to augment. Gen. iii. 16. 

•flH-: adj. & s. much, many. Eth. -f] H-'i :: 

flTI : Eth. Venus (star). 

n.H : s. Kvrpov, substitute, substitution, redemp- 
tion, ransom, ; used esp. of the animal appointed 
to be killed as a sacrifice ; e.g. in several cases 
of disease, when a sheep or a fowl is offered 
for the sick person ; or in public calamities, 
as e.g. at the first appearance of the cholera 
in Tig;re, when an ox was solemnly con- 
ducted through the town of Adowa, accom- 
panied by a large crowd of people carrying 
stones on their necks in token of repentance 
for their sins, and the animal was taken into 
the fields at a short distance from the town, 
and killed. The victim is called fl.H: be- 
cause it is thought to die in lieu of the per- 
son or persons intended to be benefitted by 
its death. This may be considered as a relic 
either of Paganism or Judaism. flH: also is 
used as a sudden exclamation : when a per- 
son hurts himself or is thought to have done 
so, his companions exclaim, n.H: fLH: in 
■wliich case the original meaning seems to 
have been a wish to have been in lieu of the 
injured person, and to have averted the 
injury by suffering it for him. 
PS"- n=i*i: o- P"''" "/ pincers, tongs, forceps, 
and the like, (lit. <Ae hand's substitute.) Rad. 
n^ H Q) : Eth. " redemit." 

TH.: Ar. *-^^ and^!V a hawk. Lev. xi.l6. Heb. 


nUM: (comp. of fl: and ^U: gen. 

adv. here. 
THd.: s- rnare, female horse. 

q H,^ : 5- quicksilver, mercury. 

IHiflH : v. a. <o plunder, to take goods by force, 
lawfully or unlawfully. Gen. xxxiv. 27. Ezra 
vii. 26 : no^nTiflTI: "by confiscation." 
TflHnH: pass, to be plundered or confis- 
cated. Isa. xlii. 22. 

?ifin H n H : cans, to give over for confiscation. 
Ezek. XXV. 7: AhihH-n'/": 2\finH'n 

Tl'TriAll': "and I will deliver thee up for 
a spoil to the heathen." 
'flTinH: and 'ITH'nH: s. plundering, spoil, 
jAunder, confiscation. 2 Kings xxi. 14. Isa, 
xlii. 22. 
llTnil^: s. plunderer, spoiler, confiscator. 
HH-S-: (?) Ps- cxlvii. 16. 
'flH'^: s. muUilude, plenty, abundance ; increase. 

Rof) mi.. 

HHi: V. n. to swarm (of bees). 
n.HT: Ar. u'j^. hawk. Isa. xxxiv. 15. 
nH.^: (comp. of fl: and _p: Gen. PH,^:) 

adv. by that, there. 
SYH': and n^: Eth njeiHO):: 

"Tn'T: and 'I'llS: to redeem, to purchase free 
an indebted property by substitution of 
an equivalent. Ex. xiii. 13: flT^: '"I'fl 
^TAtl: with a price shuU thou redeem it." 
XV. 13: P't-nj^i|^a>''i: AVHti: "the 
people whom thou hast redeemed." cf. 
n^: s. verb. (1) from ?iiA :: sayer, one who says. 
^^C- — • "forgiver," "forgiving." Heb. ii. 
17: 'H'?'": — : "one who keeps silence." 
(2) from flA." eater, esp. glutton. Luke 
viii. 20. 
p_P: s. large furroics, drawn through those 
fields which lie on declivities, in order to 
prevent the water from carrying away the 
good ground with the seeds, and to prevent 
n^«^^: Isa. Ixii. 10. Jer. iv. 6, 21. vi. I. ban- 
ner, standard, military ensign. 

flPfl) : V. a. Ar. j^iu to tin over, to line with tin. 

TflPffl: pass, to be tinned over. Lev. vi. 28. 
I^: s. & adj. strange, a stranger, i.q. HOjIf :: 

Ps. cix. 11. 

n j^ : s. Heb. ^5 Ar. 55 " separatio, solitude," 
emptiness, solitariness. U"^^: — : "deso- 
late," "deserted country,'' "desert," "wil- 


( 93 ) 

nsS':-- ni^li': 

flR,: Ar.fjj desert, wilderness. Judges ix. 42. 

n^: and qP: adj. empty. 

ri'fi: s. & adj. mad; esp. sorcerer ; and more 
generally, sorceress. Rad. T\l}R : " to be mad." 
The Abyssinians' belief in witchcraft goes 
so far, as to ascribe to its influence, not only 
every kind and degree of mania, epilepsy, 
chorus St. Viti, but also several other nervous 
and febrile complaints ; as, hysteria, delirium, 
and, besides these, every obstinate disease for 
which they know no remedy. Their idea, in 
those cases, is, usually, that either some 
demon, or aBooda, must have taken possession 
of the patient. The Falashas (\-id. «5.Ah :) 
of Semen, and the neighbourhood of Gondar, 
skilful artisans in general, and a number of 
other people possessed with more than com- 
mon skill or genius, are looked upon as 
Boodas. The hyaina is generally believed 
to be a transformation of a Booda. 

n^A: V. a. to offend, to u-ronfj. 
"TflK A : pass, to be offended. Gen. yvL 5 : 
yx\: Vnr: "i^ngAAlh: "lam offended 
by thee." 

IlKA: s. offence. 

n^^: Ar. Jjj plural c:j'Jjo flJ^AT: substi- 
tute, change. Isa. iii. 22 : " changes of vestment." 

nKA?*: atlj- & s. offensive, offender, aggressor. 
Ex. ii. 13. 

fl^^: Eth. " certavit ad prius faciendum." 
Amh. non occ. 

t\l\^d,' act. to lend. Ex. xxii. 25. 
TnK<i: med. to borroic from another. 

-nSrC.: s- 'oon. 

fl^^'"!-: s. loan, equivalent. Ps. xlix. 7. 

flKflK- ^- ^- *" '^^^9^^' '** Ix^o-l- 

■'TinEnK- F^s- ^ ^^^- '° ^^ shaken, to 

tremble. Num. xiv. 1. Isa. xxi. 4. Dan. v. 6. 

n^^:s. pl. n^K"*"^: »°<^ fi^Ki" corpse, 

carcase, dead body of men or of animals. 

Lev. xvii. 1 5. 1 Kings xiii. 24. 
n^: s. & adj. offender, offending, offensive. 

2 Cor. vii. 1 2. Rad. n K A : : 

nSS" '• ^^J- ^ ^^^'- (co™P- of n^ : " empty," and 
■jig-: "hand") emjily-handcd, vfith an empty 

•fl^li' ?»A: v.n. to be high, elevated. 2 Sam. 
V. 17: -nj^T: (DS^AOh: tl^i.: "to a 
place which was high." 1 Kings xiv. 23. 
Jerem. ii. 2U. xxx. 18. 

ng: V. n. /o 6e ready, finished, to suit, to fit. 
AVTien complying with any request, the Abys- 
.sinians, esp. in Shoa, use the expression nS: 
' it is done,' c. e. ' tiie request is grantcu. 
?inS: a. to prepare, suit, ft, to arrange, to 
ivork any thing, to make ready; to mend, 
•j-fjg: pass, to be prepared &c. often used 
for Tfl'H': to redeem, v. O'H':: 

n^: Txtk- v.n. to suit, ft, to do ivcll, i.q. fl^:: 
n^: ^AA: "it suits,"'' "does very well.'" 
n^: Itty.A'T^ ■ " it will not do,'''' " does not 
answer the purpose." Also, to obey, com- 
ply, to say nk " I^o™- '^'i- ^ ^ : «5.3'K,19°: 
n^: ?\""rnA-: "do not obey (comply with) ^ 
its will or command." 

n*i: adj. & adv. good, well. 

n^: summer, i.e. dry season of the year, op- 
posed to ll^'T'o'f : "the rainy season." In 
common language, the Abyssinians do not 
count more than these two seasons ; and^ 
therefore fl^^ comprehends nine months, 
from the autumnal equinox to the middle of 
June; but their literary people reckon two 
other seasons beside those two, i.e. tnj0(D»: 
"spring" and XKJE: "autumn." Gen. viii. 22. 

m: s. Eth. niO: Tig. n"l^:: sheep, fern. 
n-lf:: Ex.xxiil. til: mf\^■i.q■7i^X■ 
" shepherd," Gen. iv. 3. n'I9"J^C: " Bag- 
gammeder (country of the sheep),"" a certain 
province of Abyssinia. 

'f|"lC= Lev. xiii. 25, and 28. "white spot" on 
the head. 

mm: s. a dappled horse. 

mr: s. a stringed instrument, a lyre. Gen. 
iv. 21. 

m^^'l': s. goodness, kindness, virtue. Deut. 
xxiii. 6. Rad. 0*1" 


( 94 ) 


n^lJ^V.^!: Ar. ^j^jSk> and ,^^yj*<, j'arsley. 

n*J"l"T|: s. "a bracelet of gold or silver, pre- 
sented by the king to such soldiers as have 
distinguished themselves in war." Bl. Cf. 
also Ludolf, whose statement, I think, has 
been corrected by tluit of Blumhardt liere 

ntn: V. a. fo oppress, act violently, tyrannize. 
Ezek. xviii. 7. 

'Tn ni : pass, to be oppressed, suffer oppression, 
tyranny, &c. 

fl"): v.a. Eth. flTrh". to scratch, to slit, to 
scarify, to make incisions into the skin. Lev. 
xxi. 5. 

"Vn^' pass. & refl. to be scratched, to scratch 

m*: s. a rafter; the secondary beams of a roof. 

n «!•?": adv. Tigr. n^lO"^:: totally, com- 
pletely, fully, thoroughly. Mark vi. 20. 

fj.«yijO: Ar. Jaj "terehinilnis,''' the turjjentine- 
tree. Hosea iv. 13. 

nrni*!: v. a. (of a cord, rope, &c.) to tear, rend, 
to break into pieces. 

'Tnnirt : pass. & n. to be torn, to be rent, to 

nmniil: v. a. to stir vp, fo rouse. 

Tfl^inni: io be stirred up, to rage. Luke 
xxi. 25: YlHfhC: ""nTinT: PTiWi: 
"arising from (owing to, on account of) 
the ruyiny of the sea." 

niTV."¥l: Ar. ,s:^d:y BATTiKii, the sweet water- 

melon. Num. xi. 5. 
'f|CE|,: s. yellow colour, i.e. straw or gold colour; 

adj. yellow. Lev. xiv. 37. 
•flR-':: "fiR-O-- and -flO'" •flB-O". bapptj, 

blessed, blissful, pi. 'IIB-"^'?:: Rad. nOO: 

Eth. "beatum esse." 
•fl&?k't": Eth. von: Gen. xxxi. 13: •f!0'^ 

^«?o: (for -flOTx^l^'-) PinUA'l: "and 

to -whom tJiou liast vowed."" Rad. nO?k: 

" vovit." 

» •' C J 

n^;^: Ar. Lii_» calico, white and fane cotton , 

•f: ^T^: Tvwi, i.e. the t letter, the eleventh 
letter of the Amharic alphabet, answers in 
name, pronunciation, and character, to the 
Hebrew D, the Greek t, and, in general, the 
Arabic cu, and our.x. It is one of those 
mutable letters which by the accession of 
the consonant y are changed ; for by this, "t" : 
TA, is changed into ^ : ty.I or Tsri.\, &c. Vid. 
sub ^:: 

"l" — : as a preformative letter, is prefixed to 
several derivations of verbs. By it, the 
original signification of the verb is modi- 
fied, so as to become passive, reflexive, or 
intensitive, or reciprocal, or reiterative ; e.g. 
'fcroj-: "he was beaten," from odj^: 
"he struck." TtroArt: "lie turned him- 
self' i.e. •• returned," from ooAll: "he 
turned." fi'l^.: "lie spok-e,"' from Yl^^: 
"he told," "said." T^^'ntt e^: "they 
deliberated amongst themselves,'''' "gave and 
received adsice," from au'fi ^: " to advise." 
'l'cnj/\^rt: "he took a walk," "walked to 
and fro," " up and down," &c. from oo/\ 
rt " In nouns derived from those verbal 
forms, the "V- is preserved. Vid. 'l'«|»njK: 
"T^^i- and others. 
•f — : is also an inseparable conjunction con- 
necting numerals together, like Yl: with 
which it interchanges. 
^ — : in the conjugation of verbs, serves as 
a prefix for the 3d pcrs. sing, fern., the 2d 
pers. sing. masc. & fem., and the 2d pers. 
plural, in the indicative and subjunctive 
moods of the present tense ; e.g. 'Y^I'DA 
A^-:: -1'OD'nAtJ:: ■"MJ^: Hl^:: 

— 'I-: as, a voweless suffix, represents the 3d 
person sing. masc. in verbs of immediate 
construction, standing after the vowel u, 
where the proper suffix (O^: cannot be 
used; and after the prepositions A: and 
n: e.g. Hdlhl- ^i^^- 8«5.A'>: and 

a'1': . . ."TAT": 

( 95 ) 

:hA*J • • • T"^^: 

a ^: verbal suffix 3d pers. sing, fern., attached 
to the verb, either immediately, or by the 
medium of the prepositions A: and fl: 
e.g. IhfvV: KAQ^: and (DlliEJA-f - 
■'rU/V': (or f U/V:) an Abyssinian meal, like 
the nr*: consisting of fried barley-flour, 
made up into a stiff dough with melted butter. 
^W^fl: TAiisAs, the fourth Abyssinian month, 
beginning the 8th or 9th of our December, 
and lasting to the 6tli or 7t.h of .Tnnuary. 
'T A: V. a. cf. y^in " clothed in scarlet," to gene- 
rate, produce norms. Ex. vii. IS : Qd''^(SP^I^ ' 
^TA^: "and the water shall engender 
•yrfi.: Tig. r««p: heer. 
■^A: s. Heb. "jhSPi norm. Tig. fhlV^:: 
•ttV- adv. ijukkly, speedih/, suiftly, hastily. 
— : 'fvti- "to do quickly^'' "to hasten." 
■frA": nA: "be quick!" "hasten!" 
^AA: to he coloured. Ps. Ixviii. 23, 

?i^AA: '^'•^- t" cheat, deceive, defraud, im- 
pose upon; to persuade. Gen. xxix. 25: 
■?»1.14'^: ?k:J-AAl!^: "how hast thou 
beguiled me?'" Jer. xx.7. xxiii. 16: ""hC. 
^•V(D^: ^3'AT'P:}.Ar: "for '% de- 
ceive you."' 
'Tif'A A '■ pass, to be deceived, persuaded. Jer. 
xx.7: ?\at=: JVj-AAUl: -TJ-AAU-T^: 
"O Lord, thou hast deceived (persuaded 
me; and I was deceived (persuaded)." 
Vid. hA:: 
^AA^: adj. very great, vefy large. Gen. i. 16. 
TAA<!L: s. the trespasser, transgressor. Isa. 
xxiv. 16: PTAAGL^'I?^: n.P.A: rt<.: 
"and they hnve committed the offence of 
transgressors.^ James ii. 9. Rad. -TAAd.:: 
Vid. ?\Ad," sdj. chequered, varying, change- 
aJ)le ; trop. humorous, whimsical. 
^^aq ; s. the colon, large intestine. 
1-A9": s. furrow. Ps.lxv. 10: ■1'A5«T'i: 

f^£Vi: "make its /arroft's to overflow." 
TA"?**: s. id.; and figuratively, stripes, furrows, 
as It were, on a beaten back. 1 Kings xviii. 

' 32: '5\^K: 9"^C' 't'AV^: "aa furrows oi 
the earth." Jer. xxx. 17 : 'rA'T^in: >iH 

^Alh: "I ■^'i" close thy stripes." 

JhA^: adj. fem. — ^"f: j/rea/, large. Gen. x. 12. 

-|-/\^l^: s. greatness, largeness, magnitude. 
Gen. xliii. 33. *• 

-TAT: s. Tig. 7»TTim.:: linseed. p— : 
y%'^Ci "foot (or stalk) of the linseed," i.e. 
"flax." P— : Ih'lC^ fi"^' "linen doth." 
Ex. ix. 31. XXV. 4. 

TAn"lC= '•■o™?- of PTAn: and "KIO fiax. 
Vid. TAT:: 

TAlJ'A: TAJLTAL, name of a Dankali tribe 
inhabiting the east and south-east of Agame 
in Abyssinia. 

•I-A^'t-: and -"rAl-T-f: Tig. -I'lnjA.:: yes- 

't'/\lj'^: and 'I'A^Egt: s. phyer, jester, scorner. 
Rad. t^lS.' ^^'^ TA1K: Vid. AlK"- and 

^fhC.'F"'^' s- Tiiii-REMT, i.q. fhf^oO'r: conse- 
cration, devotion (i.e. devoting), vow; execra- 
tion, prohibition. Num. \i. 13: HA: — : 
" owner of o vow," i.e. "Nazarite." 

^d>-^: adj. humble, modest, lowly. Ps. li. 17. 
Isa. Ixi. 1. pi. ^At.-X'i:: Rad. TthT: Eth. 

■"l'A»''l'f : s. humility, lowliness, modesty, s-ubmis- 
sion, subjection. Gen. xxvii. 40. 

^U^VC/\"- s. instruction, lesson, doctrine. Rad. 
itoUk?.: Eth. Vid. oq^:: 

T9"Af|: s. the upper threshold of a door. 
Rad. onoAfj:: 

j-cnjoi^: s. & adj. sick, ill, diseased ; a paiienl. 
Matt. vi. 23. Rad. ^uooo: Vid. "hpxiau:: 

TT^C: s. Ar.^; "fructus," date, and date-tree, 
palm-tree. Ex. xv. 27. 

T*'"A^-T': s- .veer, observer, spectator, sur- 
veyor; watchman, prophet. 1 Cliron. xxi. 9. 
Ezek. xxxiii. 2. 2 Sam. xN-iii. 24. Rad. 'roo 
AYI-T: Vid. goAVl'Ti-:: 

-foij^: Vid. uy^:: 

fcnii: s. one who learns, scholar, disciple, pupil, 
student; sometimes used for ieac/ie/-, especially 
in Shoa, where the student is often called 

foDjTl:. .TTiiH: 

( 9G ) 

hflt^.H^. ■ ■ ■ ■l'<.4."t': 

hflT""?^: and liis teacher finji:: Rad. 
T"94: Vid. otj^J" ;; 
TO"rt:: 1 Sam. xvii. 35: n't'"'fl'fl^7": 

1H,: " and when he fell upon me."' 
■frVOlff^: s. tobacco. 
•f-ouYl.: s. & adj. one trho praises himself, vain, 

ambitious, thirsVaiij after (jlory. 2 Tim. iii. 2. 

Vid. croVi :; 

'r9''iliJ''r: TLMKEiiPrr, (jlorrj, praise, renown, 
good reputation, fame. Esther i. 4. 2 Cor. 
xi. 10. au. 

•t'ao«'H : n. pr. t v^ri Tammiiz, the Syriac name 
for the Greek Adonis. Ezek. viii. 14. 

T<5.<5.: s. Ar. 


Chad. -1^12 Heb. "^in moun- 

tain. Gen. vii. 19. 
T<il*|: V. n. Eth. fC.'Kfl- "caput reclinavit 
dormiendi causa." Amh. non. occ. 

'fi't'dXi- '^'' ^- '" support one^s head by any 
thinr/, to rest one''s Itead upon any tiling. Yl^.lV: n:^'-T9^-- TT 
•fC*"- "VV- "and pidiinrj (them) as a 
support under liis head, he slept." 

"tdjli- Ar. t_y s. //ie fat of the intestines. 
Lev. vii. 3. 

•f ^'f: s. /o/e, story,foolish talk, nonsense. 1 Tim. 
iv. 7. Lament, iii.^ 14. 

•r£^^: s. series, rozt'. Ex. xl. 4: pmi'I'Cn 

a^^•. ■>i^j^«5.: nTC:^: r^ncTt- 'and 

arrange the bread, -which is to be oflcred, in 


•j-XT<i: V. a. to tear info pieces. 2 Sam. xiii. 1 9. 

2 Kings ii. 12. 

TT^T^i: pass, to be torn into pieces. 
'"rO*/: s. TERNAiiA, an Abyssinian plant. 
'VC.'i'^- s- ^ large bort of citron with scarcely 

any flavour. Gen. xliii. 1 1. 

•ffjjVl : s. Ar. £^t history. 

fii'h'H: s. /iee/, esp. heel-bone; heel-piece of 

shoes, boots, and sandals. 
T<iH: v- ^- '" ^'"'^ °''" *''''^^' JooA's. 

TTiiH: pass, to 6e 6ou?irf or stitched (of 

?ifl'r«!^l-l : cans, to cause or order to bind or 
s<i7c// books. 

"VdJH : s. Ar. x^ a certain <ree of a hard wood. 
Isa. xliv. 14. 

^^."H : s. stitching, binding, volume, aquantity of 
paper or parchment-sheets stitched together. 

T<J.TC: or T«5.>i;: s. book-binder. 


"ff^y: Ar. b^ P/eiac/es (constellation). Jobix.9. 

T«i^: s. one ivho receives help, assistance, and 
support ; one ivho is assisted. Isa. xxxi. 3. 
Rad.ft^J^: Vid. ^^^:: 

J-6.^: s. gullet. Bl. 

•t-^TnCTO: v. n. & act. Ar. ^J Heb. D^l^ 
to signify, to denote, to be translated, to he ex- 
plained; to explain, translate, interpret. 
'f-'l'^'I^CTO : pass, to be translated, interpreted, 

YxtVV d^Y°^^^ '• trs. & cans, to translate, inter- 
pret, eipilain ; to cause to tnenslate, &c. 

^CX"^- s- Chald. D?"}J!1 Ar. J^J inter- 
pretation, translation, signification, explication, 
meaning, sense, purport. 

'rC'''^°- adj.& s. translated, explained; inter- 
pretation, &c. 

'fd.&,' v.n. to remain, rest, to be left; to be 
superfluous, to have abundance. Ex. xvi. IS: 
Tv^Ti?": AAl^nn: ?i(fVT*^^a>'ro: "to 
him that gathered much, vns no superfuity." 
iCor. XV. 58: PTt^^.^-U-'T": IM-: "be 
abounding ^^ 
?i'f (T^d.: act. to make remain, to lay by, to 

gain, to save. Matt. xvi. 26. 
T\tltd,A,: idem. 

^^^: adj. & s. remaining ; the remainder, 
abundance, surplus, pi. Eth. •"f-^rf^""!-: used 
for " works of supererogation," RIatth. v. 47. 
Sometimes instead of virtue, e.g. 2 Pet. i. 
3, 5, 6. '"V^^/t"- ^ised also with the verb 
in the singular. 

'TC^- ^* '''^ remainder, rest, remnant, surplus. 

'"r«i.<5-: s. id. Mark viii. 8. Isa. xi. 11. 

'r<.4.i': Vid. T^.e." 

'^C^l^" • ..•n'"f: 

( 97 ) 

J•^.:^: ..-•rn^^: 

^C,Q,Yt". s. the act or qualily of remaining; 
the being left; the superJtuUij, advantage. 
Rom. iii. 2. 

Tfld: s. that which is wrought or done ; ivork, 
labour. Isa. xxix. 16: f rt^Oh: flidy^: 
?»Arti.*59«: 7k^l^/i,: "as the ivork 
saith of him that made it, 'He made me 
not; " Rad. -rn^.: Vid. fji.:: 

•V^^: Vid. 1^1^:: 

'T'^JPn.: s. reviler, calumniator, hlnsphprner. 
Rom. i. 30. 

Tfl<J.: s. hope, promise, expeclaiion. — : J\^ 
«^T : " to /lojje," lit. " to make," " entertain a 

hope.-' — : — : >i°lH.?ii'fl<l^CT = " to make 

God one's hope," "put one's trust in God." 

— : rtm: and—: 7\ti^d.l: "to give a 

promise," " to make one hope," " to promise," 

Ex. viii. 1 2. Vid. rt<i.(D : Eth. 
'I-hA: Vid. HA:: 
'I'iTIri Jji][_: s. hearer, carrier, conveyer, porter. 

Ex. XXXV. 15: Th'iTF'^-: "the carrying 

■|'«I>aii(;p.: s. & adj. settled ; a settler, inhabitant, 

a guest. Gen. xix. 9. Rad. f «I>tnjf[|: ^Vid. 

T*l'<5»: Ar. s^JLj s. fissure; brim, ridge., Isa. 

XXX. 13. 
•'r^'fl : Ar. (._^; pi. t_;Ljij! fissure, breach, 

hole. Isa. xxii. 9. 
T'P'lJIii: s. receiver, responsor. Ezra ii. 65 : 

4»T3»?^'T': T<I>nP-'r9": "singers and 

responsors." Zeeh. ix. 8: ^'fl^: TI'T^: 

" receiver of tribute." 
T^f"!^: adj. & s. piercing, stinging; any 

thing which pierces or stings. — : H'!"!!: 

" stinging fly," " musquito," Ex. viii. 24. 
•fjljTii: s. one who counts, makes accounts; 

bookkeeper, recorder. 2 Sam. viii. 1 7. 


"I^IA: Ar. JLy dross, slacks. Ezek. xxii. 18.19. 

Tnn.'}: Ar, ^jJjIu trowsers, breeches. Ex. 

xxviii. 42. 
TH'T": s. & adj. Eth.f H O'Tf:: male, masculine; 

opposed to Pi'Jrt'T: "female." 

J-fl.J': s. leavened bread-cake. 
^P^: s. Heb. TX^^ Ar. civU tabot, (1) Ark 
of the Covenant. Ex. xxvi. 23. The Abyssi- 
nians believe, that Menilek, the supposed son 
of Solomon by the Queen of Sheba (which 
they hold for Abyssinia), carried the Ark with 
him from the Temple of Jerusalem by stealth ; 
when, after the termination of his education 
under his father Solomon, he secretly, and 
by miraculous assistance of Providence, 
escaped from Jerusalem, and went back to 
Abyssinia. A sanctuary was built for it at 
Axum ; and one of the chief officers of the 
kingdom appointed \IM,^': or "keeper of 
the Ark ;" which title is still borne by the 
Governor of Axum and Tigre Proper, as they 
are supposed to possess the ark still in their 
Church at Axum. To preserve this belief, 
it is said that none but an Aboon (Bishop) 
is allowed access to that sanctuary; and 
if ever any other individual should dare 
to look at it. Providence would instantly 
punish him with death. (2) The sacred com- 
munion-table, or altar, in which the commu- 
nion vessels are kept, and whicli stands in 
the centre of their churches, called ^^rt : 
^J^On: "Holy of Holies," is also called 
TABOT. (Vid.subonj«^/^.-j.:: (3) tabot is used 
also, metonymically, to designate a church, 
after the most essential part of it, from which 
it derives its sacred character. 

■^fJ/'T: s. pride, for ■1'On."'!': q-v. 

tntn : V. a. to tivist,to work artfully, to frame. 
Ps. L. 19: ODAfiy^O: sTilAT: -VlXt 
n-l*: "and thy tongue /ramccZ deceit." 
TTnTn: pass. 
J^flt-nTfl: caus. 

''r'Xl't'T!: s. twisting, artifice. 

Tn'M-"!': s. masculine nature, manliness. 

■t-ll-vV: for -l Oaff: proud. 

■l-ajP: s. Ar. ^" Heb. )nri "stramen," chaff, 
dust. Ex. viii. 16. Ps. i. 4. 

TnjEJ^i: s. a borroiver, one who borrows. Isa. 
xxiv. 2: -^i-J^n^i: "Jvl^.U-"?": Tfi^^: 

•rnjEi^: . . . *rl,^: 

( 98 ) 

a-trti:. .'MnA: 

"as the lender, so also the borfower." Rad. 
TDRe.' Vid. nK«?L" 

•rn^Ji: s. one who is offended. 2 Cor. vii. 12. 
Rad. Tn^A: Vid. n^A" 

"tTA: At. JjUj chamois goal; wild bull. Isa. 
li. 20. 

5"T*I*: improperly for ^fn«fr: 1 Chron. xii. 
33. Vid. ni'l':: 

•t"^*]^: s. hedgehog, urchin. 

:^^: part Eth. J-Aif:: Tig. ^Ait" Ar. 
ij:„^ Heb. nnn below, lower part of any 
thing, n — : "under, inferior, down, below." 
Is constructed with a preceding Tn:; e.g: 
Yl gn j^c; : n 5* ^ : " wn c/er the earth." fj "jn 
^C- n^^: below, or doivn, on the earth." 
TnCl^= nih^: "under, inferior to him." 

T3FA: Vid. ^PA" 

^'f ^: and J"^f : adj. inferior, lower, under. 
Ex. XXV. 31: :jh^^T1: "its lower (part.)" 

1"1^?».: s. resurrection. Rad. T5"l: .Vid. 

•f^Qz s. At.jJj Heh. ^'^IPi furnace. Lev. ii.4. 

:rFfi: adj. small, little, minute. Rad. Wrt". 

trffii^: s. smallness, littleness, minuteness; 
trop. youth, low state. Gen. viii. 21 : Yl^f 
ttil^: .S9"C" "from liis youth." 

'n'I"^^n: s. that which moves, any moving 
thing. Gen. i. 20. Rad.'rTt'll'rt:: Vid. 

•nSi?^ ^•9- fm^32: sorcerer. Zech. x. 2. 

'nrS.'lt': s. prophecy, prediction. Rad. Tin P." 
Vid. ill p:: 

Tl^^fl: s. supporter for the head, an instru- 
ment of wood or clay which supplies the 
place of a pillow. It is used by the Abyssi- 
nians and all the surrounding nations, and 
has generally these two forms : 



See also 

Rad. Tl-r^rt: Vid.T4rt:: 


Tl.!: s.Ar.^^' V^- ^"^^ Heb. pin ^e 

serpent. Isa. xxxiv. 13. 
^trri'. araplif. of J-f fi: very small, very 

little or minute. Gen. Xxxiii. 13. 
Tl^S : s. a sort of stinging fy. 

• .* ^ 

J-^Vi : s. Ar. iiXi tin. 

^llr|_: s. float, raft, a small boat. Matt. iv. 21. 

't'iYV'A: V. n. to be shrewd, crafty, deceitful. 

TTlYl^'A: act. & pass, to outwit, to cheat, and 
to be outwitted or cheated. 
'1'lVl'"A' s. craft, shrewdness, cunning, slyness ; 

deceitfulness, deceit. 
T^Y>■A?': adj. & s. crafty, shrewd, cunning, 

sh/, deceptive, deceitful. 2 Thess. iii. 2. 
Tf^ h : s. & adj. biting, stinging. — : h.C.'^- 

"biting serpents." Num. xxi. 6. Rad. Tf 

Ylrt: Vid.lYllI:: 
^1^?': or T^l^•?: s. a floater, rower. 
Tf P«l.: s. & ad}, stinging, piercing, any stinging 

or piercing thing. Deut. viii. 15 : — I'/^H"!!: 

"stinging serpent." Rad. TfKd."- Vid. 

rj.'jj^q>_g.q>: and Tl^.^.: Vid. ^T.E"T :: 

•m: s. Tig. iJrVil- i^ie palate, roof of tlie 

^'i;yt\^: prob. from -fZJtkeV- <j.v. s. ^AA: 
Jer. ii. 20. 

•f^^izs. speaker ; adj. eloquent. Act. xviii. 24. 

■VI'X'X- Vid. J^TJ^T :: 

•^^<i.^*: ?iA: Vid. 'r^«5.'^'^■■ sub <l,«|»«|>:: 

•(•"F: "^'- 11- I" sleep, to lie in the position of a 
sleeper. T^'t": ^nC,' "he was asleep,'" 
"he slept." 

Tvtl'V'Y' caus. to lull into sleep, to cause to 

'VT^'P^iA-. s. Eth. pi. of 'f >i7*'C:: prodigy, 
miracle, sign, wonder ; esp. ar^fjiuov, as " mani- 
festation " of Divine power. Rad. ?itro«^: 
Eth. "ostendit," " monstravit." 

■"i-'^H'H : s. commandment, a law, an order, in- 
junction, precept. pi. T'KHH'T':: Rad. 

•f^ : to leave behind? Lev. xx. 20. 

TYI A : V. a. to fix into the ground, to plant ; to 
erect a tent, &c. Gen. ii. 8. Ex. xv. 17: 

TTYlA: ••-mK: 

( 99 ) 

TVlJi: . . . f-HVlC: 

't"rlnA^a)'"^All: "and thou shall plant 

'T't'Yl A : pass, to be planted, pitched, erected. 
TYIA: s. pi. J^'Y-yiA'V: and i^:^^A•^l':: 

plant, pi. plants, and r/arden. 
"TYI'^A: s. wolf. Luke x. 3. Hosea xiii. 7. 

?iTYl-4: to wink? Prov. xvi. 30: H^i-: 


t^itl- s. necklace, or neck-handkerchief of 

"VYt-ii • V. n. to be hot, to burn ; act. to burn off, 

to shoot a gun, &c 

?kTYl-l1: act to heal. Isa. i. 21. 
'rYl^fl : adj. hot. 
TYiOiM: s. accused person, defendant. Rad. 

TYlrtrt: Vid. Ylrtrt:: 
''l'1rr"'^"t': s. heat, burnincj, fever. Gen. viii. 22. 
^YlT: Eth. TUYlP:: v. n. to be lazy, idle, 

loathsom.e, to be weary, to cease. Deut. xi. 12 : 

>k"IH.?inth.C: A«7«aY10: U-A'IH.: ^ 

f'Tt": "it is a land which the Lord thy God 

is never weary in visiting."'' 

2\^Yl't': act. to tire, to loathe, to make lazy, 

idle, linear y, to trouble. RIatth. xxvi. 10 ; /\ 

f}n-\; J-JtYX-'V^'X ^^U-- " why do you 

trouble her ?" 

l-YlTA: Vid. ViTA:: 

TVl't'Yl : V. a. to pick up. 

tvVt'\\'V'f\ '• act. to bubble up in boiling. 
Job xli. 23. 

^Vj^: s. & adj. idle, loathsome, weary; idler, 
loiterer. Rad. ^YlT" 

"I'lnVlA: s. equality, uniformity, evenness; sym- 
metry, harmony, proportion. Ex. xxxviii. 18. 

"TYIH: v. n. to be sorry, anxious, careful, trou- 
bled; to care. Matth. xxvL 37. 

f Vill,: s. care, anxiety, sorrowfulness, sorrow, 

"X^Yl HL : n. pr. Taccaze, a river in Abyssinia. 

T^'H : s. sorrow, anxiety, care. Ezek. xxiii. 33. 

f-Vj^: s. & adj. one who is sorry, troubled, 
anxious, afflicted. Rad. 'fVl H : : 

•f^S!^- a. planter, gardener. Johnxv. 1. Rad. 


T^iiJE: s. partaker, one who has a share with 
others in a common property. 1 Cor. x. 20. 

■f-'Ti'}: 8, bug, punice. 

TCD : V. a. <o leave, leave off, forsake, to abandon, 
give vp, to yield, abstain from, neglect, remit, to 
quit. inf. fmt(Sn:: txi^^- 1"1f"- AA 
a>'T: ^CDflEA" "leaving one, he takes 
another." Gen. vi. 16: 1^J^J^•: ^P^it-. ^ 
fU: "leave an entire cubit." •"I'^TAlh: 
" I have left him." 

2\flTCD: cans, to cause leaving off, to make 
to cease, to hinder, prevent the continuance 
of any thing. Ezek. xxxiv. 10: 11 "i^"^: 
Xl^^m-nlJ: ^iflT'PTPTAU-: "I will 
cause them to leave off, that they shall not 
(or no longer) feed my sheep." 

■1*(D'A,K': tEw'iJd, s. Heb. n'npln family, 
race, generation, age. Gen. \i. 9- 

•t'9)A°'ifi: and 'tqitiP^'S.: SsoAoyog, a theo- 

•VqytflS '■ ^^^ 't<J)A°°l5': SeoXoyla, theology. ^^ 

"fPI,' s. & adj. piercing, pushing, striking, 
goring, butting. Ex. xxi. 29: f\da(D'T''- 
TTT.: n.lT'l:. "and if the ox be of a goring 
(pusliing) nature." 

'i-On.'"!'! s. a high opinion of oneself, pride, 
haughtiness, vanity, ambition, arrogance. Rad. 
Eth. T O n P : " extulit se." O H P : " mag- 
num fuit." 

"t'OnLT"*: s. &adj. proud, haughty, ambitious, 
arrogant, vain. Gen. x. 9. 

to^^ui^: Eth. for ^y^Yi : Amh. adj. & s. patient, 
long-suffering. Num. xii. 3. Jonah iv. 2. 
Rad.T01UJ: Vid. QlUJ:: 

'l*0"lM''r: s. patience, endurance, forbearance. 

J'HA: V. a. to bear, to carry, esp. of women 
caiTjing their children. Ezek. xii. 6 : •>S' 
HAAtl.: thou shall carry. 7. fltcnS': :^ 
"HK: "carrying on my shoulder." 12. xJ" 
HA A: he shall carry. 

TTflnC: s- Ar. Jl/jo Heb.p"l3? memorial, 
record, monument, memorandum, esp. a funeral 
o 2 

T^A: . . .-riirr: 

( 100 ) 

•fXS!.^:- 1'- 

repast, with which priests, monks, and poor 
people, besides the friends and relatives of 
the deceased person, are feasted, in order to 
encourage them to pray for him. 
'T^'A: Eth. s. d'lfjnity, abundance, affluence, 
fertility, voluptuousness, pleasure, delight, pro- 
sperity, p — : 71^: "the garden of plea- 
sure," "paradise." Gen. ii.8. 

:^K^: Vid. ^ri-.: 

It*^*!.: S. helper, deliverer, guide, protector. 

Ezra viii. 22. Ezek. xxxii. 21. 
T;I: v.n. Eth.T^U: Tig. •r'ifh.:: to watch, to 
guard, to take care. Num. iii. 7 : ^T'hT" : 
Hl.l^: "and that they shall watch." Ezra 
vii. 17. Matth. xxvi. 33: -^T-: "watch!" 
imp. plur. Mark xiii. 37. 
' JWIJ- trs. to make or cause to watch, to rouse, 
to excite and encourage to watching. 2 Chr. 
xxiv. 6: :^•f;3^fl[^: m.^: "to make 
them ivatch." 
'"l-n-U: Eth. adj. & s. pi. •TfT-*!'?:: watching, 
Tvatchfid, careful; watch, guard, icaichman, 
guardian. Dan. iv. 13. 17. 
•Jrlti- Vid. 07A:: 
•X-IW- Vid. O'llU:: 
•J""|U{}5-: s. reproof, chastisement, punishment, 

discipline, education. Rad. TlUK:: 
^1d„: n. pr. tTgre or ti^gre. (i) Tigre Proper, 
the chief province of the NE. part of Abys- 
sinia, in which the ancient capital of all 
Abyssinia, Axum, and the commercial town 
of Adowa, are situated. (2) the whole part of 
Abyssinia which is to the east of the river 
TlC^: adj. & s. I'igric, Tigrean. 
^;jh : s. & adj. patient, enduring, long-suffering, 

forbearing; i.q. T»^^^: 1-^- 

TTlC- ^- business, work, affair, employment, 

occupation. Gen. v. 29. xxxix. 1 1. Ezek. xvi. 

4d. 'V'l^lC.- o"^:^'"l' : "leisure," "idleness." 

■ tin 4 : Q."^- " '^^^''^ ' " '• 'J- ^^"^^ " ^'^• 

in*i: Eth. 

tD't"- s- '^^ watching, vigilance; the watch, 

flfT: Vid. 75T: 

'T^^l*': adj. & s. boastful, a braggart, vauntcr. 
Rom. i. 30. Prov. xxi. 21. Isa. \i. 9. Rad. 

t-HKK: Vid.>KK" 

'VIJ^G/V ■ s. an error, mistake, blunder, erra- 
tum, a fault. ECL% X. 5. Rad. IJ^^i," 

ITHiJ.^li: s. (1) a doubter, hesitaior, sceptic, 
heretic. (2) doubt, hesitation, scepticism, heresy. 
Matth. xiii. 41. Job xxvii. 7. 

Tf^T^ : s. & adj. a talker, player, jester. Rad. 
TJ'R.ffl'r: Vid. caCDT:: 

T/k.^*: s. Eur. tapestry. 

fiiH.P'l: s. Gr. TOTta^wv, topaz, a gem. Rev. 
xxi. 20. 

!•<{.: V. a. Eth. T(5.?i: Tigr. tQjl^.: to spit, to 
vomit. Rev. iii. 16: "J^TtlU: HIJ^: Yv 
A^: "I am to (I shall, will) spue thee." 
Lev. XV. 8: fp^i.^r^i l\,ti^S\''V: "if he 
spits his spittle upon liim." 
txtW^' caus. to cause splitting or vomiting. 
pa!j^flT4.: av^-^\j\-: "a. medicine 
which causes spitting or vomiting,"' "a vo- 
mitive," "emetic." 

t^' particle of spitting, expressive of its 
sound, constructed wth ?\A:: '"rfj.: ?iA: 
aud 'T^: ""T^: KA: to spit, spue. 

'"t'ij.'l"^ s. spittle, the spitting, vomiting, vomit. 
2 Pet ii. 22. 

tvV£L,'X'&,' V. n. to be over-curious, saucy, im- 
pertinent, and to act so ; synonymous with 
^vT-nT-n: Vid. >n>n:: 
■^4,'i: s. Ar. —Mo apple. 

'P ■ 3''E ■ TSH.IwT {tsh letter), the twelfth letter 
of the Amharic alphabet. Its pronunciation 
is nearly like tsh, or better like the conso- 
nant y behind the t ; e.g. ^PA : is pronounced 
tyala, so as not completely, to sibilate like 
tshala. Ludolf lias properly given this pro- 
nunciation by tj in Latin ; which in English, 
of course, would not liave answered. Tins 
letter, which is not existent in the Etliiopic, 

spA: ••^Affit': 

( 101 ) 

H'O"- ^fi'f 14= 

is in the Amharic often formed by the acces- 
sion of the i sound to the t; e.g. ^Vj^-: 
for ^Vi't;: "an idler." 
SpA: part, of neglect or contempt. — : f\fi- 
"to neglect," "to slight!^ "to despise." Gen. 
XXV. 35: t\i*l(D'9n: ^A: ?iA-T: -OYlX 
fOP'i '• " find Esau despised . his primogeni- 
ture.' Ps. xxii. 1 : A9ni: ^A: ?iATl^ 
"why hast thou neglected mc?" xxviii. 1 
•f A: Pi^riA^: "do not neglect me." — 
•fl'l'A^: "if thou neglect me." 
^fi: V. a. Eth. YtiifV-. Tig. ^>»A.: and 
"?l"i«i,A.:: Heb. 7D''t to be able, strong, mighty, 
can. IhA-T: PO^^^'A: "one who can 
do all things," "Almighty." 1 Sam. xv. 25 : 
hU-IT": :Jm.?v'tT: J-'ACD': "now over- 
come, bear with (be stronger than) my sin." 
TS'A: v. n. to be possible. Gen. xlv. 1 : A_^ 
1M': ?\A'r5PA(D'9^: "'< mq* not possi- 
ble for him to refrain himself." Dan. ii. 47 : 
Ji«l: lo^m.Q: AtronC: T^/V-'fl 
Af: " because it was p)Ossible to thee to say 
(explain) this mystery." ?\.E|FA i9": 
"it is not possible for me," " I cannot." 
'fJ'J'A : recipr. to bear ivith one another, to 
tolerate each othir. Gal. vi.2*: '^^C;!'!-: flC 
i^>f5j,7n: t'^^J'A': (better than ^^ 
^A:) "and bear with one another." 
?\fl^A: caus. to cause to be able, to enable. 
PhiLiv. 13: flli-A-Tn: (better U-A-'iO 
■^^AAlh: nllCfit-il: ntn^^fiT' 
A^; "I can do all tilings through Christ 
which enableth me." 
■f'An.E: s. neglecter, slighter, despiser ; adj. 
negligent, despiteful. — : VSi-: "he is a 
neglecter" " s%/(<er," " does not mind." Rad. 
^A"^: s. Tig. 5l"?»A°'T" power, might, 

strength, faculty, ability. 
^gi-vV- s. & adj. i.(/.'^An.E:: Act xiii. 4 1 : 
T^B: "X.AI^: ^e\-V'f-l-. "behold, ye 
despiser s ! " Pro v. xiii. 15. 
JpA'E'- itlcni. 
^■A(D^:i9-^A°^.: 2 Chr. xxix. 12. 

SPC: ^y Eth.tC: Tig. id. and TtlC" ^r. 

yi~ good, kind, benign, benevolent, bountiful. 
^C^t"- s. goodness, kindness, charitableness, 

benignity, benevolence, bounty. Gen. xxiv. 49. 
tfJYli^: V. a. to nail, to transfix with nails, to 

nail up. Ps. xxii. 16: 1h'9jli': Ihlda'i: 

'■fYn^^: "they have nailed (me), my hands 

and my feet." 

T'f'iVl*^: pass, to be nailed. 

Yifi^Yn^' caus. to cause to nail, to cause to 
be nailed. 
'^•1,'f\C,- Tig. m^C" s. nail. 
^\&X.' ^- '^^ plague, pestilence. Ex. v. 3. 
'^'\\ : Tx^d^- ? Ps. XXXV. 7. 
■f Y>"A: V. n. to be quick, hasty. 

•t^Yl-A: to do quickly, to hasten, to speed. 

^ifl^TrhA: trs. to hasten on, to speed, to 
accelerate, to make hasten. Gen. xix. 15. 
^YlA: s. peg of a tent, &c. i.q. an^Y^^:: 

Num. iii. 37. 
'■T^lri'-A: adj. speedy, hasty, quick, expeditious. 

Eccles. vii. 9 : A«l»'-"1: — : J'vt'lhT: "be 

not hasty to anger." 
■T"Yl-°A : s. speediness, hastiness, celerity, quick- 
ness, speed, haste. .Deut. xvi. 3 : P'^T^Vh-A : 

'i\^g■^.: Yl'TDM'C: H^VhA: (DTTH 

Af: "the bread of haste, for thou earnest 

forth out of Egypt in hasfe.'^ 
Y^(D': suff. 3d pers. plur. e.g. WT^Oy"- 

"their house." ooj-^CD^: "he beat them." 

r^dh: "they are." 
^_p: s. & adj. able, powerful, mighty. Matt. 

iii. 9. Rad. 5^ A:: 
•pi^: V. n: to be poor, miserable, needy, wretched, 

distressed, impers. to give trouble, to perplex, 

i.q- 7\ti^ld.:: TOT: ^ld.1,: "vfhat trouble 

is (that) to me ? " 

T^Tt^: V. n. & pass, to be troubled, distressed, 
ivretched, poor, needy, &c. Lev. xxv. 25 : 

"if he be in distress, and have sold any 
tiling of his inheritance." 
?\fl^T^: trs. to trouble, distress, perplex, 
afflict; e.g. ytl'^I^V^^' "it distresses 

^vJO- •:j^a: 

( 102 ) 


me," "gives me pain," "I find it difficvilt." 

^'^C^ ^- poverty, distress, pain, difficulty. 

'^Pd.V- s. & adj. poor, miserable, distressed; 

^6„: s. herpes, dry scab. Deut xxviii. 27. 

^^V: s, TsiiuFAWA, a bracelet of silver, which 
Shoa soldiers, who have killed more than one 
enemy in war, are permitted to wear on the 
upper arm, besides the onj^f^p _p:: It is a 
lesser distinction than Pt^PjJ.: and fl.'J'T:: 

-}: If^gti: harm, the thirteenth letter of the 
Amharic alj)liabet. Although in the Tigre 
dialect it sounds differently from U : and (h : 
in the Amharic no difference is observable in 
pronunciation: to distinguish it, however, 
from both, it is called -nH-:}!: 'J: or the h 
used in the word bezuhan. 
^A: post- positive particle, treated as a sub- 
stantive, signifying the back or after-part. 
Connected with a ' preceding preposition, it 
forms other adverbs or prepositions; e.y. 
niA: after, afterwards, behind. Q)g: — : 
backioards. niA(I>": "after him." \\\y- 
tkt: tT: fliA: "after two days." Yl1» 
^'C= n^A: "after mid-day," " in the after- 
noon," Gen. iii. 8. (D^: "X^'- ?»A: "to go 
backwards,^' trop. " to retract a given decla- 
ration or promise," "to come short," "be 
befiind." Gen. xxxiv. 19 : 'fiA'Df J°: ffl^: 
iA: ?iAA9":^A't-T:^.i:0:H'JJ^: 
" and the youth icas not behind in doing wiiat 
they told him." 
^A?*: adj. & s. fem. ^aJ'B.'I'" the posterior, 
hindmost, foUoiring, subsequent, latter, last. 
Gen. xlix. 26. Matt. xx. 16. 
^•^C- ^* ^hame, iynominy, infamy, cordumely, 

turpitude. Ps. xxxv. 26. 
•JT9": v.a. Iq. rhT*™: and Tv'V°^: q-v. 
'iy-an: and ^^tn^: s. the printer, sealer. Ar. 

^^A: s. Ar. ^}s». Heb. TH power, strength, 
mif/ht, fortitude, force, capacity, pi. ;;J^A'T: 

powers, authorities (i^ovaiai), miracles {Svvd- 
fj-eti). Dan. iv. 35. 

3J?A: s. a strong man, hero, giant ; adj. strong, 
mighty, powerful, robust. pl.^jyAT". 2 Sam. 
xxiii. 9. 

3^Ai": adj. strong, mighty, poiverful, valiant. 

:3H'}: s. i.q. ihWi: and 2\HT: grief, afflic- 
tion, repentance, &c. Rom. v. 3. 

JfK: Eth. s. Heb. NtSH Ar. ^U. sinner, 
impious, wicked, pi. ^TJ\T:: Gen. xviii. 
23. Ex. ix. 27. Ps. i. 1. 
3flX?\"V: s. sin, imjnety, wickedness, vice. 

Gen. iv. 7. 
3fn,?i't"?': adj. & s. sinful, tuicked, impious, 

vicious; sinner. Gen. xiii. 13. 
:Jd.<^= P'^-'i- Amh. h&,d.: q-v. Heb. lEn Ar. 
jii- "pudore ductus fuit." 2Chr. xxx. 15: 
^^(^Qy*: 'T'^KlV: " they were ashamed, and 
'}^<^-*t': and ;J^<^'*t': s. shame, bashfulness, 
shyness, modesty, pudicity, pudenda, nakedness, 
ignominy, disgrace, infamy, contumely. Ps. 
xxxv. 26. 

i: IMfl: NAHAS, the fourteenth letter of the 
Amharic alphabet. When the r sound is 
joined to it, it often is changed into "^:; e.g. 
Ai"J^: for A^^li,: "Ijeggar." 
I: anomalous verb substantive ; of which only 
the present tense of the indicative mood is 
existing, and that with personal terminations 
as are a mixture of nominal suffix(,'s and 
verbal afformatives. ^Qp: "he is;" f-"l-: 
(Shoa V-"t^:) "she is;" W: "thou (masc.) 
art;" \T\: "thou (fem.) art;" Yin "lam." 
£^a^-- "they are;" i'-'f-U-: "you (pi.) are;" 
H: "we are." 
\,: imper. plur. of the verb ovn\:: come! 
\^: imp. sing. fem. of the same A^erb, come (thou 

woman) ! Is more generally written 'i^:: 
f : (1) by itself, imp. sing. masc. of oDri|: 
come (thou man) ! (2) as enclyticon between 
two nouns or verbs, it is a conjunction, and ; 
interchanges with •?«■.: e.g. Yl.^ir: 'Ml<' : 



( 103 ) 

M*H: . . rCRft: 

T.g)CT.fl9°: ^"ornA" lhA^(D'7": H 
1J^: A.rt<.r: A."9<.: f^Oh:: "kiddan 
(anrf) CKHRU, (and) berru, and haTla maryam 
are at hand, and walda georgis will come ; an3 
they all are to work and to study together." 
(3) particle of causality : for, because, whereas, 
as, since, &c. Is always affixed to the end of 
tlie verb which expresses the cause or rea- 
son; e.g. Matt. V. 3—10: AC'^^fl)': i'lf: 
"for to them belongs/' "theirs is" &c. fl<5.: 
n'H'T-'flf Af: (royooi-l- T^^^ti'^'JO: 
" whereas I have much to do, I cannot come." 
— T : enclyticon (1) When affixed to nouns, it is 
a sign for the accusative case; e.g. nJVin- 
JiPlh: " I have seen thy house." It is often 
omitted ; but where a mistake would be oc- 
casioned by the omission, it must be put. 
(2) Affixed to any part of speech, it is used as 
an interrogative particle; e.j/. J^tHTAtn" 
>»S'Ti: KUr: lU: "art thou well? art 
thou very well ? " 

)y A: s. Ar. J^c date-tree. 

Wfl: and fft: s. Ar. ^^\:£ Cliald. UJll? co'pper, 

rU-^: Ar. Xiiy^U nakhoda, captain of a ship. 

Prov. xxiii. 34. 
llfhri: NAHAS5E, the twelfth month of the Abys- 

siniaris, begins on the 5th or 6th of August. 

IT^C: a"<l VnC,: s. Tigr. \-n6:: Ar.^" Heb. 

-ipj leopard. Eth. pi. Txi'U^Cjt-i ' Cant. 

iv. 8, 
"i^Dj^f: Ar. ■'LlijJ Germany. 

-Jijroi^*^: Ar. Jj.UJLi a German. 

\\xi: v. a. Eth. \tMK:'. Tig. hf^lS." Heb. 

t^toi. (1) '0 lift up, to raise. (2) to refuse, not 
io\jrant. Gen. xvi. 2: "ATKJ'i'nrh.C: A 
^T : T[Ji^'f"?'Af : " whereas God hath re- 
fused me children." "Ag-: i^l: "to kiss 
one's hand" (a mark of respect to superiors), 
inf. yx^: oii'5U|-"|': "the kissing one's 
hand." Fi'om this root is derived Tt'^: 

OD^?j: "a present," as the delivery of a 
present to a superior is accompanied with 
this ceremony. J^A: IWf: "to gain a vic- 
tory," "to conquer," "to overcome," "van- 
quish." 2 Chr, xxvii. 5. 
?il**t : a. to lift up, to raise, to erect, set vp. 
Gen.xiii.10: t^^^T: flVH: T.H.: "when 
he lifted vp his eyes." 
•t'Ti'Jf: pass. & n. to be raised, erected, lifted 
tip; to rise, stand up; to originate; — n 
— : to revolt. Vich-^tf- Yl^O'^'T: 1" 
\ui: "Christ teas raised, is risen, from the 
dead." 1 Cor. xv. 20. Gen. iv. 8 : fluj 
fl''!': "stood up against him." Ps. xxxviii. 
3: V]«|»^nri«: ^^: PT\^: "which 
rose from the face of thine anger," i.e. "on 
account of thine anger." Ps. ii. 2 : YI^^T '■ 
9°^C- 't'lUJ': "the kings of the earth 
rose,^^ " revolted" 
tytlVH'. cans, to make stand up, to raise, erect. 
Gen. xlix.9: o^l: ^^AA: JPfliwiaV: 
H'ijf : "who can rouse him up?" I^TH. 

"10)': " God hath raised Christ from the 
?»l**f "|: id. and to excite, to occasion. Ezek. 
viii.4: ^lOi^-j; pan^^ u|U|: "which 
excited jealousy." 

^**IQ.: Ar. ( jLuJ a bird resembling the swallow. 

Deut. xiv. 17. 

r«i: V. n. Eth. \m.: Tig. in*?;.: "sedit, man- 
sit." to dwell, to remain, to reside, to be. inf. 
orofC: "the remaining;" "dwelling;" "resi- 
dence," often for oo{°(;|jp;; imper. i^C- 
masc. i^i: fem. pi. V<^: remain, flll't': 
1>C*PA: "he dwells in his house." 
?»r^: act. to make remain, to place, to put; 
to establish. 

f^.: (1) Ar. Ijj, lime, chalk. (2) Nora, name of 
an island in the Red Sea near Massowa. 

rCP: '^nd "/hfCy-. NAREA, the westernmost 
of those countries surrounding Abyssinia of 
which any thing is known in Europe. 

rCRfl: Gr. votpooi, mrd, spikenard; both the 

ICfi,!: -TiTA: 

( 104 


X,^f\())fl: . . . im.: 

shrub, and the oil extracted from it, 
xiv. 3. Cant. i. 12. 

IC.R.T: ^'a"t- i^- 14. idem. 

ftt- s. (1) contr. from Yli^'- copper, brass. 
Gen. iv. 22. (2) a tvull. i.q. vrqfl: and oo'} 
Jj^^:: Lev. xiv. 37. 

^fl«^l: Eth. repentance, penitence, penance. 
Hosea xiii. 14: 'jftai: "hjP.l.: Tri(Dr^"T': 
repentance is hidden from my eyes." Tflfh: 
in: inf. ^ft»h: oro"n-V: "to repent,"" "to 
do repentance,'" "penitence," "penance."" Matt. 
iii.Silfl'h: "in-: "repent.'"" Plflrli: ?in 
^: " father confessor." P^fIr^l: AJ^: "peni- 
tent,"" "one wlio confesses his sins." 

^fIC= s. Ar.^ Heb.'^^5 eay^e, vulture. — : 
fflC^l*- " S^^^ eagle,"" a large species of eagles. 
P'itlC.: Vn^: " an eagle"s wing." 
Irt^rt: or IDUiUJ: v. a. to sf.reir, scatter, di- 
sperse. Matt. xi. 21 : J\oiujj«?a: IhlrtflO': 
(1 constr. 3d pers. pi.) " strewing ashes" (upon 
tlieir heads). 

TSrtirt: pass. & refl. to be strewed, scattered; 
to strew or scatter any thing upon oneself. 
1 Sam. iv. 13. 
J^fllrt^ri: eaus. to cause or order strewing, 
""^ scattering, dispersing. 

^13»: v.n. Eth. ^^U: Tig. '/^»I.: to awake. 
Gen. xxviii. 16. 

?iH»: trs. to rouse, excite, produce. Num. 
x'xiv. 13: aqr:fa^^«7D: YlAH.: hn 
4>^: "XnC: H^^: "or rousing (pro- 
ducing) any thing from my heart to speak," 
" to speak any thing from my own mind." 
'V\^ • pass, to be ivakened, roused, excited. 
f ^»: V. a. Tig. TOi*&: to despise, contemn, dis- 
dain, scorn, slight. Gen. xvi. 4. Cant. viii. 7. 
Tr^t*: pass, to be despised, Sec. 
i^A: V. a. Ar. Jii' " transportavit," to root out, 
pxdl up, transplant, transpose. Cfl'I'T: \^t\: 
"to disinherit." Gen. xiii. 18: ^^Xli■'5: 
i4»A: "broke off his t-cnt." 
Til' A: pass. & refl. to be rooted out, pulled 
up. transplanted, &c. Mark xi. 23: Ti* 
AU: (VS.- n«^C: (D^R^- "^' rooted out 

and fall into the sea." 

l.*A<pf|: n. pr. N»co\aof, Nicholas. 

l^«¥>/\*^: adj. & s. Nicolaite, NicolaUic. Rev. 

ii. 6. 

i«|»rt: V. a. (of the hair of the head) to dress the 

hair, esp. to curl or plait it. Isa. iii. 24 : X'}^ 

C17«: no«Tl>fi: <5.1S:r: (rol">l-r: 

" instead of the frizzling the hair, the tearing 

it out." Isa. xix. 9. 

TH'rt: pass. 

J'ini'I'rt: eaus. 

T*!*^: s. contempt, despite, disdain, disregard. 

Mark vii. 22. Cant. viii. 7: 'i'p-'fi: ^I'Ji 

^A: "as for contempt, they will contemn 


J<|>^«|>: V. n. to shake, tremble, vibrate. 

M'i'\'P'. a. & trs. to shake, make tremble, 

cause vibration or shaking. 

T\i^\'i': act. to shake. Matth. xxvii. 39. 

Lament, ii. 15. 

i'p'H: s. rust, corrosion, fretting. Matth. vi. 19. 

i'l>H: v.n. to corrode, fret, to moulder, decali. 

Ex. XXV. 5 : ptnj^Y^Tl : XTllL'-'r : " wood 

which does not moulder."" 

Jii^H: act. to fret, corrode, cause to moulder, 

and decay. Matt. vi. 19: VFH7": fflK 

t"l5?i^H(D': "where (the rust) shall not 

bring it to decay."" 

? ' t- ! 
J8j»--fi) : s. Ar. 1 a 'i > a point, spot, blot. Gen. 

XXX. 32. 
i'l><5.: V. a. to rep/rove, reproach, upbraid, find 

fault with, to scold, to blame. Matt. xi. 20. 

Tl'I'd.: pass. & n. to he blameaUe, to be 
blamed; to mistake, 8iC. Ex. xviii. IS: ''t'\ 
•r4.AtJr: "for thou wilt be liable to 
mistakes." Lev. v. 3. 
^■n: s. Eth. lUn: Tigr. lun.: bee. 
inAHA: s. flame. 
\l\^: verb, defect, he was. \t\d^^' she ivas. 

"kDCSi- (masc.) YflCiT"- (f<5i"-) '/'«« «■«*'• 

inCU-- I ivas. \n^: ihey were. Ifi^.Vf. 

U-: you were. iflO- "'^ ^oere. cf. the Eth. 

ln«'.: and Amh. ft^:: In connection with 

other preceding verbs, it is often used to form 


( 105 ) 


the imperfect and pluperfect tenses, both in 
the indicative and the subjunctive mood; 
e.g. John i. 35 : qiqo: ^flC: "was standing." 
ii.6: •fPf^inayay- in<.: "Jiere placed." 
JPilU-: inc.- "were holding." 9: yo^li: 
inC= "were knowing," "had known," 
"knew." 2 Pet. ii. 21: ^^IaT^O^: itlCS": 
"for it would have been better for them." 

Tf'fl d/V '■ s. stale, constitution, condition, situation, 
disposition, poivers, faculties, vxalth. Prov. 
xxi. 3. Rad. 111*^: Eth. 
inil: V. n. to sound, be pronounced. Jer. xl^i. 
22: J^^nOT: XlK: l^q-ll: £\nA: "its 
voice shall sound like a serpent's." 
Mnn-. y. a. to read. Ex. xxiv. 7 : PvinOA 
^fly": "read to them." Deut vi. 7: ^i 
OTAU : "thou shalt read." Ps. i. 2: poi^ 
yi-n : " who reads.'" Luke x. 26 : "hTi^ 
^f|: IMTAU: "how readest thou." 
"Tinn: pass, to be read. cf. Lud. in Lex. 
Eth. s. V. 
TT'O: s. the reading; original text, opp. to ^Q, 
l.rfu : " translation." 

I'fl'^ : Ar. e:,uJ germ, bud, first shoot. Hosea 
viii. 7. 

itl^-- s. fern. M19.-P: Heb. «^23 Ar. ^^i 

prophet, pi. in. J?'!': Ex. xv. 20. 1 Sain. 

X. 5: ri'5Tn'"C= 5n.JP""l": "sugar of the 

prophets" i.e. "loaf-sugar." 

"Tin P : V. n. fo prophesy. 
5'V: s. Eth. VTt'O: "tentorium ex pellibus," Lud. 

Tig. i't"*^: unfanned sl-in of a cow or an ox. 
XfV^^- Lat. nitrum, nitre. Al. PHlt^^: 

cp-fD*: " salt of gun-powder." 
Y^f- : in Shoa instead of {"■■!" : 3d pers. sing. fem. 

of idp :: >iC;fl*P : Ti-T' : "s'le is." Isa. xxxii. 7. 
{">i^': s. Eth. unleavened bread. n*^A: — : 

" feast of unleavened bread." Luke xxii. 1. 
'fVj : V. a. to touch ; to take. Gen. xix. 8 : 2\'^ 

Tf^^fl)': "do not touch them." xxvi.29: 

"/x'iPMyW: "as we have not touched." 

imp. s. masc. VkTil : fem. /\lVl.: pl.^iTh-: 

tale. 1 Cor. xi. 24. Col. u. 21 : ?v'>1"h: 

"fouc/t not." 

•t'lV]: pass, to be touched, or taken. 
ixflV^ '• caus. <o cause being touched, to cause 
to touch or take. 2 Kings iv. 4 : Ylt^lV: 
KftiYl,: ^JqS■:Ja^^: lhA-1: "/rf every 
jar take of it," or lit "cause eveiy jar <o 
fo/[-e of it." 
iln*^: V. a. to make wet, to wet, to moisten, humec- 
tate. Luke xvi. 24 : OOh^: iYiC: "wetting 
with water." 

"TlYl*^: pass, to be wetted, moistened. 
" ?».iTn <^: to gaze at. 
i\tl\'nd.i caus. to cause or order wetting, 
lYl (*l : V. a. fo bite, to sting. Gen. xlix. 17 : <5_<^ 
ff-Ti?": Jil^ilA: "and he shall bite the 

TiTn rt : pass. <o be bitten, or s/wngr. 
?in^Yl f\ : eaus. <o cause biting or stinging. 
iay-;heis. Vid. i:: 
IT: id. used esp. in asking, e.g. "Hl^^: \<p: 

" how is it ?" 2 Sam. iv. 11. 
Iffli^: v.n. fo be shameful, disgraceful, infamous, 

?^i(D4= a- '" dishonour, to affront, disgrace, 

insult. 1. Pet. iii. 16, 
'V\(S)d,: pass, to be dishonoured, disgraced, &c. 
?i.flla><^: caus. to dishonour; esp. <o ravish, 

violate, defile. Gen. xxxiv. 2. 
ICD'C^ s. shame, infamy, disgrace, impropriety, 

fault, offence. Ex. xii. 5. xxix. 1. 
i(Sid.V: s. &adj. shameful, disgraceful, vile, base, 
infamous; tvretch. 2Pet. ii. 13; >ir«^^(J).: 
CVr-r'^?: iCD^f^: "they are uncbln 

i(Dm : and 50) K: v. a. to stir, move, shake. 

ti(D(U: to be shaken, stirred. 

trCDm: pass. & n. to be shaken, to shake, 
quake ; a. to shake. Deut. xxxiv. 7 : >A 
ntJgo: J^A-rrCDT?": "and his power 
was not shaken." 

?ir(Dm: act. to move, shake, stir. Acts 
'^vii 13: rifp^-jgii: 2\r(Dm.: "they 
stirred up the people." 

\^^: Ar. |.Uj Amh. fl1^: or tlt-'i: s. 
ostrich. Lev. xi, 16. 

1H<^: -fK: 

( lOG ) 

1J&: . . ^J^e: 

*^H.^: or >^^H^: Ps. cl. 4. 

f"H/5,T: n. pr. Nazareth. WWd^'t^'. "Na- 
zarcne." Acts xxii. 8. 

fHiJkSE: s. & adj. Nazarite, one devoted to 
God by a vow. Lament, iv. 7. 

IHlH: V. a. to urge, constrain, necessitate, ask with 
importunitij ; to vex. Gen. xix. 3 : "^^"IT^ ; 
lKW^fl>*: " and he urged strongly on 
them." Job xix. 2: >kflYl: tro^: (\Gt'\ 
•tl: •"MHIHA^-U-: "how long do ye vex 
(my humanity) me?" 
"T^iHlK: pass, to be urged^ constrained, &c 
'TiH'SH: intens. to urge vehemently, impetu- 
ously. Lukexi.8: VjoioiHiH-: PTi"l: 
" because of his importunity." 

1,HV1 : Ar. cJ^' s. javelin. 

YHi'H' s. trouhler, molester, one who asks with 
importunity. Prov. xiv. 29. 

infill: s. idem. 

f HH: V. n. & act. to hear of a confession of sin ; 

to be a faiher confessor; to comfort, console. 

1 Tim. V. 10: Y^HI-V^'-f-'i: InrHH^: 

" if she have comforted the afflicted." 

TfHH: to confess sins. Lev. v. 3: 3fll.?i 

"PI: ^fHTf: "let him confess his sin." 

iJohni. 9: n:}«l.?kJ'^''J: fllFHTf: 

"if we confess our sins." 

tHH.: s. confession of sins. * 

IHJC: s- confessionary, father confessor, the 
clergyman who hears confession of sins and 
pronounces absolution. 

5^: V. a. Eth. "k^h." Tigr. Ti^'h,:: Heb. mJ 
Ar, _jJ to drive, to push; to drive on, to make 
go on, to propel. Gen. xxxi. 26 : ij^ir-FO)': 
" thou hast driven them away." Ex. iii. 1 : 
ni'¥''59'": 1S= "and he drove the sheep.'" 
"TIK: P^ss. to be driven, pushed on, &c. Acts 

viii. 32: 'ih-iy,: m-. tiSdS:- I'iS: 

"like a sheep was he driven on to be 
f ^: non occ. 

Tf K= '^- °- ^^ f°^^ ^°^^ suddenly, to- tumble 
down, to fall to ruins. 

l^: s. sheaf, garbe. Gen. xxxvii. 7. Ps. cxx\'i. 6. 
\^t\. : V. a. to bore, drill, make a hole, to break 
open. Matth. \± 19: ^^A(D': Q)R"^tiC. 
•iJ't': "boring (breaking in) where they steal," 
i.e. "where they break through and steal." 
'TIKA : pass, to be bored, &c. 
5^A : s. a hole, esp. such as is made by boring. 
Eccl. xii. 3: miS^ACD''?": ptni""AYl1': 
Jl.CSi^i'^tt-: "those that look out through 
the hole shall be darkened." Amos iv. 3. 
*«K"Kt»- "*••'*• iofold, to fold up. 
^J^*t>: V. a. to mure, build with stone, clay or 
brick, inf. owj,^<p- the muring &c. a wall of 
stone, brick or clay. 
TiK^" P^^* '^ ^^ mured, &c. 
YxiW^'P' caus. to have mured, to cause 
muring, &c. 
^E't- ^' inti^on, bricklayer, one that mures, 

builds with stone, &c. 
TiS,^' ^^i- & s. poor, destitute, indigent, pauper. 

pi. Eth. i^yi" Ps. x. 18. 

\g_S.'- ^'- °- ^° burn. Ps. ex. 4: h^lgd^yn 

yj; "it does not burn him," impi-operly for 

?»JPTnn'"r9": "he will not repent of it." 

Yk\RR- ^ct. to burn, set on fire, to light or 

kindle a fere. Gen. xxii. 3: ti^'i^K'- 

" for burning." 

Tf KK- iiitens. to burn briskly. Ex. xxiv. 17. 

^j^_^: s. the burning, esp. febrile heat, fever, 

iSL.R"- iiif- Eth. of i^R: the burning. Isa. 

xliv. 19. 
iy^A,' V. a. to hit, to pierce, to sting. Num. 
xxi. 8: ?iC'BVa: Pl^^^^d^OP: Ihtf. 
" every one whom the serpent stings." 
•t*iK'5.: pass, to be pierced, stung, transfixed; 
trop. to stick to any thing or person, to ad- 
here. 1 Kings xi. 1: n^irhH-Il: l\-?"''T^: 
"TiKA,- "adhered," "was addicted to the 
women of the Heathen." Cant ii. 5:0^, 
*<."■ Ti^lUPAU-r: "for I am stung 
with His love." 
'}^^: s. the piercing, stinging; the working 
with sharp and pointed instruments, esp. en- 
graving &c. 1 Kings vii. 31. 



( 107 ) 

hFldi'. i:]fi 

Y): and l^: v. n. to be or to become morning, to 
be day-break. 

iUf: (1) s. (a) the earliest part of the morning, 
day-break. It differs from TT""t': which 
means tlie whole time from day-break (^^ :) 
to forenoon (<^<f.JI^:)- W the following day. 
(2) adv. (a) early in Vie morning, at day-break, 
(b) to-morrow. Eth. YlU:: Tigr. i;}U':: 
e-^-^3- W^'X*?!"!: "let us rise very early."" 
1^: TT^': "to-morrow morning." 

f I: non occ. 

2\n: V. a. to dislocate, to wrench, put out of 

i-T : s. NUG, a leguminous plant with a yellow 
cross-flower, from the seeds of which, resem- 
bling turnip-seed, a certain oil is pressed, 
which is better than sperm-, but not so good 
as olive-oil, and is called ^"1: !•"!: k'eba 
NUG, nug-oil. Tigr. i,lh"l:: 

nt): Eth. s. i.q. ^^-.t Gen. xix. 15: nugo: 

nTTn<5.'t": "and when the day-break 

was opened," i.e. "when the morning dawned." 

1 Chron. xxiii. 30. 

V]A>: s. glutton, an enormous eater. Vid. 

YiW- "V. n. to be or become king. Gen. xxxvi. 
30, 31. 

?iniU: trs. to make a king, to raise one to 
the royal dignity. Gen. xlv. 9. improperly 
?i^^^^fA^: "has made me king," in- 
stead of ^\-VP^£%.^: "has made me go- 
vernor^'' Ps. XX. 9. Ixxxiv, 9. cv. 15. 
"Yl'^*^'- NEGUS, adj. verb, kinged; hence subs. 
Ung. pi. Eth.ilM'^': and YipJ-^^i Gen. 
xiv. 1, 5. Ps. ii. 2. 
•jo|;lu/j.; negest, fem. of ll-M^:: queen. Ps. 

xlv. 9. Matth. xii. 42. 
Y\d,- v-a. to say, to tell, to speak, inf. ooili^:: 
constructed with and without the A: of the 
person to whom one speaks; e.g. Ex. xxv. 1 : 
tufxPJi.'h.ti.: Aj^^-: ^^C: "fe^^the child- 
ren of Israel." Joshua A'ii. 19: ^^^TfTl 
(Sp-ypi; yjC: ^^4,^ : "and the thing which 
thou hast done, tell me." 2 Chron. xx. 2. 
XXXV. 3. 

?iO«i"- caus. to make speak, cause to speak. 
Actsxvi.l6: pii^jpn^.-"r9»: «^"1«5. 

fl: in 41 'I': "and a spirit which made 
her speak, was in her." 
f^d.- n. to speak, inf. trof^Jf^: the speak- 
ing, speech. Gen. viii. 15 : ^Ul: -rfl 
djSi-'. >»'J5^y7": Ih-tL®^- "he spoke io 
Noah, and said thus." 
't'f jfT^' recipr. & reiter. to speak to each 
other, to have a mvdual conversation with 
each other / to speak often. James iv. 1 1 ; 
y^CSi-. nC/l^U-: (not ?k.e5:nC- as in 
the text, but) i\'>01<.-- "do not speak 
against one another." 3 John 15: ?i^: 
A^"?": 'Kli^^l&.tirk- "and we shall 
converse (about it) mouth to mouth." 
YJC,- s. word, speech, discourse, subject, thing 
(something, any thing, things), matter, business, 
affair, cause, account, &c. [Is of so extensive 
a signification as the Hebrew "O^ and the 
Greek p^fxa.] YIC,- Ti ■ " but."" " Gen. ii. 6. 
i^&- s. i.q. 'Vi'!3&' speaker, orator. ?i*P^: 
— : "herald," an officer of Government, who 
has to proclaim the orders of the king in the 
streets and in the markets. 
5^^'^: s. large drum, kettle-drum. It is used 
in churches, in public festivities, and in the 
army : in the latter, only a Governor of a 
province, who is called J^^: ?i'H'^^: 
" Dedj Azmatsh," is allowed to have the naga- 
rcet playing before him ; and if he has more 
than one province under his jurisdiction, 
he has an additional nagareet for each 
province. Thus the Abyssinians have their 
Dedj-azmatshotsh of two,' three, or four naga- 
reets ; as the Ottoman Empire has its Pashas 
of one, two, or three horse-tails. 
YldX- s- & adj. talker, tattler, prattler, talkative 

person. Num. xx. 10. 
i^fl: s. regent, properly i.q. "Yhf": "king;" 
but it is not used, except in connexion with 
ndiC" n^O 53 h: "BaherNagash," title 
of the Governor of that district in the pro- 
vince of Tigre which is nearest to the sear 
coast. Had. nuj;: 


1:J"I':- .Timi': 

( 108 ) 

?kfnim4»:... MK: 

^3•■^•: S. day-break, dawn of the day, earliest 
pari of the morning. Ps. cxxx. 6: "^^'^T: 
Ylo^im'fllJ: ^A^: "more than those that 
watch for the morning^'' 

YISSL^ '■ -^r- isJiJ^ a certain gem. Ex. xx viii. 2 0. 

Y\^ : V. n. <o travel as a merchant, lo be a mer- 
chant, to traffic, inf. ao'}^^: "travelling/' 
"journey," "road," "way." 

UK.: s- Tig.Xl^y.: merchant. 

^PK"'- <5.f|: NACvD RAS, chief of merchants, is 
the title (i) oi" the two chiefs of the customs, 
at Adowa, and at Gondar; (2) of the chief of 
a caravan of travelling merchants. 

YIJ^: s. tribe. Num. xiii. 2: YlPY}^: 7\li 
K'- rtOh: "of each respective tribe, one man." 

11^: s. commerce, traffic, trade; mercJiandise. 
Prov. iii. 14. 

sling. 1 Sam. xvii. 40. 2 Kings iii. 25. 
VV-R'XK"- s- thunder. Ex. ix. 23. Rad. >J^ 

T-^: Eth. 
i**!: (1) i.^. liH: q.v. (2) particle of cleanness, 

liberty, exemption ; e.g. 1 Sam. xvii. 25 : Yl"! 

•flC* — = ^ffl^l^TA: "will make them 

free from tribute." 
IfRA: & IRA: s. a large K' ware. Vid. ^d^" 
\SX\d.' V. a. to purify, to clear, to rinse, especially 

by the application of heat. 

•f Iflli^: pass, to be purified, &c. 

?ifllfn<^: caus. to cause purifying, &c. 
WO s. Iq- A'PC: 
i'PCJ* ^' -'^i'- iJJv^ JuVre, AuJa, potash, al. 

Pn<^: cp.(D-:: Jar. ii. 21. 
)(nri: i»on occ. 

"MiWtl: V. n. Ar. ^_^Jac <o snee;j:e. Job 
xli. 10: oijimtV: 'S^'lf^: PwOi\: ^oy.; 
" his sneezing is full of fire." 

?»fl5(nft: trs. to caiwe or produce sneezing. 
iffi^: V. a. to snatoA away, take away suddenly, 

to rob, to plunder; to ravish; trop. to en- 
rapture, put into an ecstasy, to transport. 

Ps. xvii. 12. 

•j-jflltp: pass, to be snatched away, &c. 2Cor. 
xii. 2. Ezek. XXX. 15. 

?»flini'l': caus.; to cause to be snatched 
away, &c. 
1"!^: s. & adj. rapacious; a robber, a brute, 
beast of prey. pi. l^Hi'^^.: and Eth. 1")^ 
yi: Gen. xlix. 27: iorjc^: 'f Yl'-A : a rapa- 
cious wolf. Ps. Ixxvi. 4: Pi*ini'|>^T: T<J. 
C^ : " the mountains of the robbers." 

Timn"i'n: s. drop. Rad. mnmn:: 

Yaun : V. a. to polish ; i. 5. A m m " 

7\i en fn : act. to turn with a lathe, to polish 
by turning. Isa. xliv. 13: fi"v'ltIl'*L9»*: 
WfTiflKD': "and he turned it on a lathe." 
"Tifllin: pass, to be turned, to be polished, 
smooth, splendid. 1 Kings vi. 18. Cant. 
V. 14. 

iCCl: V. a. Eth. IR P:: (1) to pull out one's hair, 
and to scratch the temples. Gen. xxiii. 2. 
Ezra ix. 3. Deut. xiv. 1 : «5.>Tl^lhign: j.^ 
■^TCtt: AT"'!': rtdh: "you shall not make 
your heads bald, nor scratch your tem])les for 
the dead." This prohibition is still disre- 
garded by the Abyssinians; for the custom, 
against which it is directed, is prevailing 
among them at the present day. (2) to gnaiu 
the flesh from the bones. Gen. xl. 19. 
Tiro.: P<iss. 

icgk: adj. w/iife. — : tl^'il-C-'T: " luhile bulb," 
i.e. "garlic," opp. to the <l>^: h"'}T-C'l': 
"red bulb" i.e. "onion." — : h^^6.: "white 

l^p.^'T: s. whiteness. Lev. xiii. 10: Q)J^: — : 
TACD'H^: 'K^tRWi- " whether it has been 
changed towards whiteness." Amos iv. 6 : 
PTCl^^- — '• " whiteness oi tenth." 

4i4:v.n. Eth.;x-<ti: Tig. jR-fh.: to be clean, 
pure, clear, white ; meton. to be free. Differs 
from R«5.: iq-v-) by its referring generally 
to solids; whereas Ri.: refers mostly to 
fluids. Gen. xlix. 12 : ^^i{A: is pure, white. 
inf. aVif^^: "the being clean," &c. "clean- 
ness," "purity," &c. PiH: "who is clean, 
pure ;" and adj. clean, jjure. Sec. Matt. v. 8 : 
AH^Q)': Pi8: "those whose heart is 
h\H: act. to clean, cleanse, clear, purify. 



( 109 ) 

' . Pil^t-: 

"iR.: and TR.fh: "dj. clean, clear, pure; trop. 
clujste. pi. TJl^': and more frequently TR, 
*hT:: Gen. vii. 2. viii. 20, xxiv. 8. 

IKA: Vid. imA:: 

1)ttli: s. cleanness, cleanliness, clearness, puritt/, 

lifi-itiT: s. id. Ps. xv. 2. 

)H><^: Eth. V. a. to see, to hole at, behold, inspect; 
to consider, provide for. Ar. iij . 

iJtC^: Eth. inf. of IR^:: Gen. xxiv. 62 : Pih 
yap: P'iX-O OH»l>'"r: "the well of the 
Living One, of the Seeing." 

m&,'' V. n. to lie extended, spread out and pre- 
pared, as a bed, a layei', &c. 
•t"5R<5,: pass. & refl. to he laid and prepared 
as a bed, layer ; to be bedded, liave a bed 
Y\\K&,'- act. to lay out and prepare a bed or 

14,: v. a. Eth. l^- Tig. \Q,-\:: Heb. n?D 

** '•^ 
Ar. ir*J to blow, to make icind, to fan ; to idn- 

now, to sift. inf. oo'j^^'l- :: 

'I'lfJ : pass, to be blown at, to be inflated, to be 
■ blou-n away, to be winnowed, sifted; trop. to 
have a hiyh opinion of oneself inf. a\i\ 
4.-t':: EITJ^: *rol4.'V: "inflation of 
the bowels;" "dropsy of the abdomen," 
"ascites." Exod. ix. 9. Lev. ii. 1. Ezek. 
x\-i. 7 : "T^*?.: " became turgid." 

?ir4.: act. i.q. 14.: esp. used of the smith's 
bellows. Isa. Tiv. 16: <5.oi>'}: po^jp 
f d." " ^^'^^ bloweth his burning coals." 

7\t\h4.'- caus. to cause or orc/er fo 6fow'. Matt. 

vi. 2: atlA^n'^^: Ild-'TU: ?u:rfll<J.: 

"cause not the trumpet <o 6e (blown) 

sounded before thee." 

Id,: s. a 6/oiter, one who blows. ow^YtY: 

_: "trumpeter." 2 Kings xi. 14. 
\&.C.^i^' »"<^ l«5.C0»: Eth. s. (/ance. Jer. 

xxxiii. 11. 


v. a. 



fo breathe, to make wind, 

to blow. inf. OWi^tl: the breathing; the 
pirit. Gen. iii. 8: 14.f|: ntniiO-l^nV: 

"in which the wind blew."" Ex. xv. 10. 

'Mri.rt: pass. & n. to be blown, breathed, 

aspired; to recreate oneself, take a recreation 

in the open air, a breathing; to breathe. 

Job xxxii. 20: T'^-l-T": YkTirS.'YAU-: 

"and / will breathe a little." 

f%iS,fl'- trs. & caus. to blow at, to aspire; to 

cause to be blown away. Ezek. xxii. 1 5 : 

(DR: U^J^QF*: U-A-: JVl^flhAlh: 

"and I will cause thee to be blown away 

into all countries." 

?iflTld.rt: Eth. caus.Wo cause to breathe, 

Y\tl\&,fl' Amh. caus. J give breath, to inspire. 

\G,fl'- s. soul; animal life. pi. l^f''!^: and 

5 ^"1 ■1' : : Rev. vi. 9. 1 Chr. xxviii. 9 : n 9" 

^(DJ^: i^fl : " with a loving (willing) soul," 

"with willingness" "willingly." cf. Heb. 

tl?p3 and Ar. ^jj6 . 

fA.^ : s. a sheep's skin made up for Abyssinian 

^4.fI: and i4.fl: s. wind. t^CD'A": — : 
" strong wind,"' "a, storm" (at sea) ; "a hurri- 
cane" (by land), pi. i4.1l ^ : and '54.1^^:: 

T4.' I • ®' ^'"^^ which is carried away by the wind, 
chaff. Amos viii. 6 : PfnS^: — : "chaff of 
the wheat." 

\&fP'- Eth. V. a. to divide into two halves, inf. 
<roT<5.^: the halving, half the middle. OD"} 
d.'P: AA.'V: "midnight." 
Ti<5.*I»: pass, to be divided into halves. 

f<5.*!': V. n. (I) to long, have a strong desire. 

(2) to hesitate, to doubt, be irresolute. 

ti'&.'P ■ '\'' n. to long, be desirous ; to doubt, 

to be heterodox, sceptic, heretic, inf. oof 

(!5.¥: the longing, desire, doubt, heresy, and 

concr. heretic, pi. ai){'^«|>'}: heretics. 

'i^^ : s. half, esp. a half madega (vid. o«]^^:), 
or eight masse (vid. oni\:), a measure of 

14.*^= s. error, heresy, heterodoxy, false doctrine. 

l-4.*£:s. id. Rom. xi, 23. 

f^^'t": s. the longing, desire. 1 Sam. xxx. 2 1 : 
lir^'?''!-: •rir?'-Pah: "with Imirjiny de- 
sire did he meet tliem." 

i&.l: • • • "hVA: 

( 110 ) 

hU-l: . . . hA: 

\&,li- v.n. & a. to grudge, (o be a niggard, a 
miser. Eccles. iv. 8: ArtOM'tfl: uoAVl 
"O-l: nC: A9n^: >iif;.:3:|-Alh: "vvliere- 
fore do I grudge with the good tilings to my 
person ? " 

I^T: 8. avarice, covetousness ; and adj. avari- 
cious, covetous. Prov. xxix. 4: ^Q,"1: rtflh: 
" an avaricious man." 

"l^T: adj. avaricious, covetous ; s. miser. 

'JCl.l^- ^' avarice, grudging, covetousness. 

JPtgt^irv : " lie that sowed grudgingly, shall 
reap grudgingly." 
\Q/V : s. a musket, a gun. non oce. 

"Tf <i.IIl: to wipe or clean one''s nose. 
T^T*: s. mucous dirt of the nose. 
"i^Ti^n: s. a snotty person. 
i^ttli : musketeer, a soldier who carries a gun. 

*{*: GXAHAS, TWfl: the fifteenth letter of the 
Amharie alphabet. It is a nasal letter, pro- 
nounced similarly to the French gn, but 
sounding still more through the nose : it is 
formed by a juncture of the n and y conso- 
nants. No words in the Amharie begin 
with this letter. 

?i: Alf, KAQ,: the sixteenth letter of the 
Amharie alphabet; is called by the Abyssi- 
nians ?»A^: Tt' the a of the word Alf, in 
contradistinction from 0= which they call 
Oi^i-: O: the a of the word t^^T:: It is 
a servile letter, used as a preformative to 
form the second derivation of verbs, and in 
conjugation, to mark the firet person in the 
iii3: Ar, »! Heb. tWATl interj. of joy and exul- 
tation : Aha J Job. xxxix. 25. 
' ' 2MJU: Ar. _U-, name of a certain tree. Isa. 
Iv, 13. 
"iVUA: and "^Tli^f. s. grain; and in general. 

vegetable food. Gen. xli. 48. cf. '^Dj^ & JS). 
?ilhT: adv. now, at present, instantly. Gen. 

iii. 22. 
?\UJP: s. ass, donkey. Gen. xii. 16. 
^.U-J^*: s. Eth. "isdv^K": ^r. sL\ Sunday, i.e. 

first day of the week. Had. hihK,: Eth. 

"unus." cf. nrrN and j^l. 

> -• c- ? 
JMI.^'fl: Ar. u_>iio.l adj. crook-backed, hump- 
backed. Lev. xxi. 20. 

?»W4.^= Ar. (_JUi-| plur.of (_ii- boots, greaves. 

Isa. iii. 18. 
?iA :.(!) "«'• n- a'j-a Etk UAfl): to be, to exist, 
and, with suffixes, to have, possess, e.g. 
tl(D^- J'lA: " there is a man." 'flH-: 7\tf- 
" there are many." >klg^-f: hA«:: gO 
TAtn- >ig-M: KUfAtJ: (for RV^: 
?iAtJ:) "how art thou".!^ (masc.) "art 
thou well".? "art thou very well".? j^U 
fAilT: "art thou (fem.) well"? ^_Wtf: 
yiCfiayi'- "arc you (2d pers. sing, honor.) 
well".? KtirA^lJ-1: "are you (2d pers. 
pi.) well".? It is an auxiliary verb, closely 
joined to other verbs, in order to form the 
present or future tense, and the 2d construe 
tive mood; e.g. >i«roAOAU-: (for >»cirTi/\ 
ti ■■ ^lAlh :) " I will return." 'ri'9nTTA : 
(for f 1'9"IT»: hA:) "he is sitting," or "he 
sits." ,EA A : (for JZA : ?i A :) " he says." 

•nC: ?tA*f: "I /(are money." on^-jh 
e.: JPAtJ: ■K^KlrJ: "i^lHTAU-: "if 
thou had (possessest) any book, I will uur- 
chase it." Matt. xvi. 21 : 0).^: Pe^<^ti.1^: 
^th^Kr- yi'iK"- "IH,: >»1^A(I>: "that he 
had a time (that it was future to him, that 
he had) to go to Jerusalem." [The form 
1H»: ?\A: " there is a time," is generally 
used for a distinct expression of futurity, for 
which they have no distinct tense in verbal 
flexion.] The verb Yvti '■ is often preceded 
by the prep. A: prefixed to the subject of the 
sentence, to express the sense of possessing, 
having ; then the sufiix may stand or may be 
omitted; it is then exactly the Latin esse 


( 111 ) 

hOA: . • • h,£i- 

cum dativo; e.g. Aa)^K'"^= H.'t': hA: or 
^iAffh: "my brother has a house." ?^AII 
+ : " there is against (" in," " on," &c. vid. f]:) 
"him," "he owes." Rom. i. 14: P«7J^: ?i 
A-fl^: "^y necessity I owe," "I must," 
"it is my duty." Ex. xxi. 19. 

(2) V. a. Eth. 'flU A" <o say, to fell, to mean, 
to have in view, to do, to think, inf. rnjA"!*: 
the saying, telling ; the meaning, signification, 
senxe, jnirport ; intention, object. t\(Sr''- PA 
9": ^AA: " he says (that) there is nobody." 
•flA": 'OR. &c. constr. 1. -flATA: 'Hi'A 
Ih: constr.2. "my,""his,""sai/jn(7;" "Isaid,^' 
"he said." Gen.i. 5: -UQ^Vi: 1>1: -nA": 
K6.(SP: CtlAOia^lT": A.^-: ?»A(D': 
the light he called saying ' day,' and to the 
darkness he said 'night.' '>^^S;,tI: iXA: 
"so saying." subj. ^flA: "let liim say.'" 
imp. nA(m.) n^:(fem.) HA-: (pi ur.) say.' 
tell ! It is often used with the signification, 
to order, to command, e.g. f: flAQ)': "say 
to him, come !" " tell him to come." J£9n 
n\: HA: id. 2 Chr. xxix. 21 : K^CH-V: 
?iA^a>: " 'offer it,' said he to them." xviii. 
33: •^^AQ)': " without in^encZmi/ it," "acci- 
dentally," " unintentionally" 

In the. sense of saying, telling, doing, J\A: 
is combined with a large number of particles, 
in order to form verbs. Many of those par- 
ticles do not signify any thing, except in this 
connexion, e.g. ODf^: — ; "to jump." A"l 
ffO; J\A: "^'^ work in appearance only." 
gnf^: — : "to be grieved." rt.fn.T: — : 
« to crack." t\&.^- — : " to soar." hf^ : 
"to glide." ^f|: — : "to do cautiously." 
•flACfit:— : "to glitter." 'fl'l'T: — : "to 
disperse." -f-A": — : "to do quickly." ^Q,: 
" to spit." ^A : — : " to neglect." "5\ A A : 
— : "to exult." >k9"n.: — : "to refuse." 
>, J\: — : " to comply." UsG.: — = "to blow." 
!n-t"T: — : "to be finished." Yl^: — : "to 
be high." *P^: — : "to bewail," "to say 
•woe!'" TIT": — : "to be silent." H^: 
— : "to stoop." H°I: — : "to trot" ^^C,: 
— : "to forgive." gfl: — : "to rejoice.'' 

^0:_: "to slip." «7J^: — : "to oblige," 
"force." cp.^: — : and X,^: — : "to spit 
through the teeth." R T : — : " to give way," 
"be quiet." d.'I'^: — : "to go farther." 
^"jiyD"|: — : "to glide out," "to stumble." 
2\nA: v-a. to deceive. Ps. cxxxii. 11 : ?»_? 

'flA9°: nCfS': "will not impose upon 

J'flA: pass, to be deceived, to be refuted. 


35: «"S'iiiq.v". jcjua*- n 

^^: tv^^£%.*}^- "and the Scriptures 

cannot be refuted." 
TIA: pass, to be said, named, called. Matt 

i. 16: ^CJ^-f-fl: p-rnAO^: "he that is 

called Christ" 22: n!in.ja: PTTAffl': 

" that which is said by the prophet." 
THA: intens. to rumour in public. 1 Sam. 

iv. 13: ?\1<.9": Vhtf. TO A: "and the 

town was full of the rumour." 
Tin A: and •t-n«l A : recipr. & reiter. Gen. 

xlii. 2S; >iOV: fiC^^®-^: fnn A>: 

"and they said to each other." 
5"AA : pass, to be talked into any thing,7o be 

persuaded, to be deceived, cheated. 
?». J" A A : act. to persuade by talking, to cheat, 

^klflA: act. to persuade. 2 Cor. ix. 5 : Pffl 

1^q»^1: A-fl: Kn-nA: Hl^Jf: "to 

persuade the heart of the brethren." 
Y\t%. — : preformative particle of negation, pre- 
fixed to infinitives; e.g. tt^tiO'^OQ'^z "unbe- 
lief." ?iA"":i'H*H: "disobedience." JMeh. 
V. 9: ?iLA«orfi.^^iy,: "your not walk- 
ing." Jer. li. 37: po^<t»onT?n^: fj(i>,: 
ViAo^r^.: P-r^wf: "arising from the 
non-existence of any' man who dwells in it" 
i.e. " because there is no man to dwell in it" 
?iAr-*?™: and Yv—W^: inseparable letters of 
negation adjoined to finite verbs. Eth. ?», — : 
Tig. ?»^— T :: The first is used throughout 
the preterite, and with the 1st sing, of the 
present tense; the second in the rest; e.g. ?tA 
imir\fja- XlmXt'am, " he did not come." ?iA 
ffua^tfU; XlEmatam, " I shall not come," ?i ji 
oonii/o: « he will not come." In the present 

2S.A.: ... he^fmmjc 

( 112 ) hAoooof^ooC: . . . >\A3»: 

tense, the auxiliary y\f\z is not allowed 
to join. By any additional prefix, the final 
90: is cut off; e.ij. i^JKUO"!: "before he 
comes" or "came." >»^^<f\1"^nAl^: 
" that I did not receive." q-V^^JC: " '^ ^''oi» 
doest not (will not) learn." 

J^A.: Lud. 2\.A.P: s. t(/r(oise. Tig. i\n : TfL:: 

>k/\.tj: pi. of^tl: (j.v. 

?\AA: V. a. to sprinkle. 

^AA: pass, to be sprinkled. Rev. xix. 13. 

?iAA.: s. male ass. 

?kA.A*: s. orchitis, swelling of the testicles. 

'h£y£)L- ELLEL, sound of exultation, which is 
raised by women at public rejoicings ; hence 
— : ?» A: "to say ' kluil," " " to exult," " to 
shout for joy." — : orjfi^: "the shouting," 
" exultation." cf. Heb. 77rt. The mode of 

- T 

exultation is, to repeat the sound eixel many 
times, saying, ixLELLELLEVLrxLiiL, &c. It is a 
usage of the Arabs as well as of the Abys- 
sinians, and was probably tlie same with the 
Hebrews ; so that e.ff. the proper meaning of 
'Hallelujah' will be probably, "sing 'Hallel' 
or ' jillel' unto Jah, unto Jehovah ! " 

^AAJ": s. exultation, shouliiuj for joy. 

Yxtc^P^- Eur. alum. 

2\/\oo: V. n. Eth. ihAOO: Heb. obn Ar. 

li^ to dream. Deut. xiii. 3: ihS%*F*- P^^i 
J^^iju : " a dreamer of dreams." 
2\i^/\cn3: caus. to cause to dream. 

^ -^ "^ 

2\AO^: Ar. U^ siijn, marJc; csp. ensign, flay, 

standard, banner. 1 Sam. xx. 20. 
?kA**^A"^,K*- ^- (<^''™P- of ?iA: and ooA 

00 J?-: inf. of 'I'A"''^ uniconiedness, want 

of habit or j)ractice. 
?iA""A(DT: s. absence of change, unchange- 

7vf\P^ti'P'\"- s. t^^ ""< distinguishing, tvant of 

distinction or separation. 
^/\aaao/^fl: s. the not returning. 
hii^'i^/^y^' ^- '^'^ "^^ rcorshipping God; 

^/VOOasj£;^: s. the not learning. 

fyfltmavQtmQ; s. the not inquiring, want of 

"h.tiP^^f^ d^'V '• s. the not choosing, vcant of choice. 

hAoraj"""!: s. unbelief, disbelief, the not believ- 
ing, incredulity, distrust, infdelUy. 

hiiP^fl: s. Ar. (^^UI! Gr. dSaixa^, diamond. 
?iAO^'l['fl: s. the not thinking, want or absence 

of thought. 
J\/\OB'ny\-t': s. the not eating. 
titiOV^aui: s. want of confidence, distrust, 

discredit. Acts xxvi. 8. 
^/\cnjj.^^: s. the not being reconciled ; im- 

placableness, irreconcileablcncss. 
J«i^aDj.(D^: the r.ot being known, unacquaint- 

?iA''"^H'H: s. disobedience. 
"5SA"'^Tt : pron. interrog. plur. of otJT: who? 

irhich ? Num. xxi. 9. Isa. Ix. 8. 
^/\crof°(^: s. the not being or remaining, non- 
existence, non-residence, absence. 
^/\rio{"7{^: s. the not speaking, speechlessness. 
?»A*^Q)^: want of knowledge, ignorance. 
^lA^'^CD'^J^: s. the not loving, disinclination, 

?iAOO'"J: Heb. Q'^ipVyt' name of a certain 

precious wood. 1 Kings x. 11. 
J\/\oti']i-i(^: s. uncircumcision. 
?\A*"'T<{.'"r: s. absence of corruption, incor- 


ihiAA": Ar. ^_^1 j) myrtle-tree. Nehem. viii. 
15. Zech. i. 8. 

?iAf|: id. Isa, xli. 19. Iv. 13. 

^iAf: v-n. Eth. -JA*: Tig. rhA«&:: tobeat 
an end ; to be finished ; to be spent, to be absent, 
to be wanting. ti&,'. Titi'P- "the work is 
finished:" -flC.- ^A^'IiVA: "my money 
is spent." 
J^i^A*!*: trs. & caus. to spend, consume. 

?iA*r: V. trs. to raise, to magnify. Phil. ii. 9: 
>»j^"l: ?iA'l*(I>': "has very much magni- 
fied, highly raised him." Eph. i. 8 : flf: 
_p/\«|>(I>»: " which he hath magnified in us." 
Rad. A*!*: q-v. 

/^AS*: s. alXk'a, Eth. A.^: Tig. thAS*:: a 


( 113 ) 


superior, chip/ officer, commander, principal ; 
eap. superior vf a church. Gen. xxiv. 2. Matt. 
xxvii. 1. John ii. 8. 
?iA3*fi- s- li'Tnenter, mourner; esp. a woman 
who is hired on purpose to lament for a dead 
person. Matt. ix. 24. Had. KA4»ri: 7-v- 
s. A^S-I^:: 
J^A^'T: s. Tig. oiA^I;: Ar. JL' leech. 
Yvti'^VV ■ s. stale, dignity and office of an alak'a. 
Vid. ?iA!f:: Acts iv. 6: pVUJI"^: — : 
" dignity &c. of High Priest." Isa. ix. 8 : 
?iAl'l!l:70: nt^,^<i>a^: "and his dignity 
(principality, government) upon his shoul- 

hAD: v.a. Eth. thAO: Tig. rhAa- Ar. 

t_.,JU- of. Heb. HTn " new milk," " cheese." 

to milk. 

^All : pass, to he milked. 
7\C\n'. s. & adj. one who has not, is without, any 

thing. Gen. xlii. 36: £i$^: —: "childless.'" 

Rad. ?iAn: Eth. 
J^Annfl: s. a collection of clothes, clothing, 

dress, attire, vestment. 2 Clir. ix. 4. 
?iAn1-: and hAH^:: 9"T: — : " perhaps.' 

Gen. iii. 22. 
?kA^: s. a sort of stone. Isa. liv. 10. Ezek. 

xxiv. 7, 8. xxvi. 4, 14. 
J^A.'t*: S- Eth. UAfl)^:: kind, sort, class, 

species, genus. 
"i^A'lih: s. distinction, difference; the making 

difference, the judgment, taste. — : ^fflhlPA: 

" he knows to distinguish." 
'^»A^■'^: pron. subst. 2d pers. pi. yov. 

KA13: s. Tig. ditCiX- '"^''P- J"^''" "■ 15. 
J^A^J": s. hope, patience, endurance; expecla- 

'tion. Ps. Ixii. 5. 
J't/VYl,: s. one who creates enmity between 

?xAtl1n.: s. idem. 
■>»AHLU- anil 'MH.V: i-q- >iA.U: pi. of 

^U: these. 
■>iAH^:: TAU.^: and "J^AJ?: pl of JP: 


Y^J\^: Vid. ?».A.:: 

?iA.P'l': Ar. ijJl s. excrements of animals. 
Lev. vii. 3. 

?iAJ^: half a dollar, worth half an ounce of 
silver, about two shillings. 

?iiAJ3: s. Tigr. *%«5,^ :: an Abyssinian bedstead, 
made of a simple oblong frame of wood, which 
rests on four feet, and is twisted with leather 
thongs. Here is a representation of it : 

?»A™1: adj. i.q. yfy: egi-GP: J?A" saltless, 

tasteless, insipid. 
hA<(5.: V. n. Eth. -^tkA.: Tigr. :3A<i.:: Heb. 
1/0 Ar. (_iii- to pass, go through or hy, to 
pass by. Gen. viii. 17: "KA^: imp. pass.' 
Ki^A*?.: trs. to j)ass, make pass by. ^fl 
AG,: iTfOI: "to deliver up," "to betray." 
K^T: 7\^t\&,'- "he passed the mead" 
(jjresented it to the guests). 
"TAAiS.: intens. & reiter. to jmss, tresimss, 
transgress ; to be mingled, chequered, to con- 
sist of different materials or colours. Isa. 
xxiv. 5 : Yl Ai"l: "T AA<5.TAS': "for they 
have transgressed the law." 
?4fl'rAAd.: trs. of the preceding, to make 
pass in different ways. Gen. xlviii. 14. 
?iiA^: o passer, one who passes by. O^'Yi^i 

— : " a passer by on a road," " a passenger." 
?»A«t: V. a. Tigr. J\Aq.t4: to tan. Bl. 
Y\£t&.-- s. Tigr. oo^ij^t^: tanner. Bl. 
?kA<5.: the Greek a\^a,^Zp/ia. Revel. 1.8. Is 
often used as a surname of Christ; and thence 
(D£\S.'- —• "son of Alpha,"" and "J-fl^: 
— : "slave (servant) oi Alpha,"" &c. frequently 
occur as baptismal names of the Abyssinians. 
iFtAQ,'- KLF. a myriad, ten thousand, pl. J\"^» 

A6.: and ?i'?kA4.'f:: 
y^SiQfi: s. secret place in a house, an inner 
room or corner. Cant. iii. 4. 



( 111 ) 

j-irooo:. ,.>k7Dq: 

'h^frq: v.n. & act. Eth. (hoop:: fo be refrac- 
tory, rebellious, to rise and rebel; to ver, to 
calumniate. Ps. Ixxviii. 19. Ps. 1. 20. Prov. 
XXV. 10. 

^ofl : id. & pass, to be refractory; to be vexed, 
calumniated, evil spoken of. Titus i. 6. 

^00«/\,: s. an oblong piece of rock-salt, of the 
shape of tlie sole of a foot, and three-quarters 
of an inch thick, serves instead of money in 
Abyssinian commerce. It is taken from the 
salt plain between Agame and the Dan'kali 
country, and carried to all the Abyssinian 
markets, and far into the interior of Africa. 
Its value, in exchange for dollars, differs, of 
course, in proportion to the distance from 
the plain, besides other circumstances which 
influence the trade. At Adowa, thirty-five 
to forty such a'mules are generally exchanged 
for a Maria-Theresia dollar ; at Gondar, be- 
tween twenty and thirty ; in Slioa, between 
fifteen and twenty pieces. 

^^n/V^: adj. bad, evil, luorthless. (Shoa.) 

"^•/"A?: ^^i- & s. of bad, evil, u-orUdess dispo- 
sition and habits, vicious. (Shoa.) 

^cnB/\Yl: V. a. to worship as God; v.n. to be 
religious. Deut. iv. 28 : Tfl HJ*^ : P fi (D'l : 

" and there you wiM pay divine honour to those 
gods which are the work of man's hands." 
^tnj/\Yl : pass, to be worshipped as God. 
p^i^OD/^Yl : caus. to cause divine worship to 
be performed. 

h.'P^'^Vi-- s. God. Rad. ouaYI: Eth. "im- 
peravit." Is generally used for Heb. D^H^K 
Gr. Qshs, whereas I^IH.Yvfifh.C.- com- 
monly stands for Heb. rTiiT) Gr. Kvpios. 

?k9"Alr» : s. divine worship; religion, godliness. 

h'^AYft'-- idem. Ex. xviii. 20. 2 Chron. 
XXXV. 16. 1 Tim. iii. 16. 

2i9"A!ril'"f : s. Divinity, Deify, Godhead, divine 
nature and essence. Rom. i. 20. 2 Pet. i. 4. 

?iO^A^': s. one who gives a present (to a supe- 
rior person). Vid. ODOiJAli:: 

^ouini: v.a. Eth. rhyn^O:: to give pain, to 

ache, to ail, be diseased., e.g. i.fh: ,pow?'A: 
" my head gives me pain," " ails me," " I feel 
pain in the head." 
j-ODOXi: pass. & n. to suffer pain, to be ill, 

siclcf diseased. 
^i^Gnooo: caus. to make feel pain, inflict one 

with pain, to make sick. 
^flj-CTOOO: to wait upon, to nurse a sick 
y^fnjtpi: sometimes for th^^V^ : q-v. 
Y^o^d,' and Yx'^di ^'•"- '" ^<^ rigrpenhle, pleas- 
ing, lovely, pleasant, beautiful, handsome, nice, 
graceful. Gen. xli. 2 : on^fyTrj^Q^: yarj^i 
"whose form was beautiful." Ex. xviii. 17: 
^U: rtd.: ?i^9"C'ny9": "this work is not 
pleasant tor thee." xx. 17: PHo^J^tJ: n.+ : 
Tv^o^CJU: "let not thy relative's house 
please thee," improperly for P^A^.^*<I.tJ''}: 
n.'f: &c. 2v1^cro^: "do not covet thy 
neighbour's (fellow [-manj's) house," &c. 
?i"1a«4: and ^^l1t^J^: caus.& rcfl. to ren- 
der agreeable, &c.; to shew oneself as agree- 
able ; to please. Heb. xi. 5: '^ii"7H.?i'fl 
(h-CT: >»1.KUJi«'^: or 'Yx'i^f\fra ^^ 
" that he j^leased God." Jer. vii. 3 : OD'j 
^j^^'U''}: J^iTl '/"<.: "make your ways 
^*I^C' s. a sorrel horse. 
YiSP^&^' s. bird of prey. 
'^^Q^: s. pleasure, lust. Dcut. ix. 22. 
?i«?Di^: num. Eth. and Tig. 19^1^:: Heb. 

a''wi2!l Ar. ^Jyu.,^ fifty. Its cipher is 
2:: 50. 

J\ao-f|: Thursday. Vid. (h*"»-fi:: 

X9"ft: Vid. Alport:: 

?v9°*Ti A: s. flgure, resemblance, likeness, image, 
picture, portrait. 

?i.*"JrtA : V. a. to stir up. 

2^9nfi^: Eth. iTnfll': Tigr. -JToh-t: 
Heb.n^??ri kv.iLAL five. Its cipher is S : 5. 

t\^i\tV: adj. a fifth, the fifth. 

■]?i9«n : and ?i9nq ; s. an isolated rocky moun- 
tain, which, on account of difficulty of attack, 


( 115 ) 

■>»9" !!.?•:■•• ?kO™5: 

and facility of defence, serves the Abyssi- 
niahs, in time of war, for a i)lace of retreat 
Hence fortress, fort, castle, fortification, pi. 
?i7"P¥: and 2\9nn:r'r:: Ps. xviii. 2. 
>»y"n.: part, of negation and refusing. Eth. 
XTnP" — : ^^A: to refuse, not to comply, 
to resist, lit. " to say ' I will not.' " Is op- 
posed to "i^h.: ?\A: " to comply." /\JE:1'H 
"HV": >»7nn.: .EAA: 'Xl^: "he does 
not obey, but says em'bi," i.e. "refuses.'" Is 
used of irrational and lifeless things as well 
as of men; e.5'.>»Ttlfc"T: '(^ofi^^^^V•. (or 
>»^JEyE•^-4^*0 >»9«a: "I-AA^: "the 
wood refuses to be cut," " is too hard or diffi- 
cult for cutting." A^^f: '^kT'Qfl.: ?iA^: 
?iAtl'A'n9": ?iA''T-: lit. "the cow said, 
' I will not :' she said, ' I will not be milked,' " 
for "the cow does not suffer herself to be 
^9^1 A: s. a certain singing bird. 
">^9"n.A:^: and ■>i^n.A:^: s. a sort of flute. 

1 Clir. XV. 20. 
?i9"nAJi: and ?i.inAJ21: s. a white horse. 

Rev. xix. 11. Zech. i. 8. 
^vT^^nC" s- ofibra, ambergris. Gen. xxxvii. 25. 
h^-n&.: idem. 

^9Tjq(^: s. bracelet for arms and feet of women, 
worn on the wrist and on the ancles. Isa. 
Ixi. 10. 
■y^gnpi^: and °?»TPi^: s. a sucking calf. As 
it advances in age, it is called first "V^ : then 
a)^d.T: (masc.) or ^^^i (fem.); and at 
last, n<5.: (ox) or AT": (cow). 
J^^nnil: Vid. ?^^n«1:: 
?k9TI ■! : am'h.vsha, s. Tigr. rhT^fl •! : leavened 

wheat-bread, in Slioa called j^P : q.v. 
^ffOf\q>q>: v. n. Tigr. i\S/^f\^^:: to yawn, 
gape. ^^ 

"Tf^amwrV: s. Eth. comp. of "7x^1°: (Ar. J 
Heb. DN) "mother," and H^ : "house." 
" mater-familias," mistress of a house ; and in 
general, mistress, lady. Is used by servants, 
and by subjects, in addressing their supe- 
rior ; by people ingeneral, as a title of honour 

to any respectable woman, and especially to 
the Virgin Mary, who is generally called 
■XoDn,^^.T: "Our Lady." Gen, xvi. 4. 

"X9**n.^: s. refusal, denial, disobedience, re- 

'h'P^n.t'V' adj. & s. refusing, denying, disobe- 
dient, disobliging, impolite. 

"5\9"n.'t''5iT: s. refusing, disobliging, disobe- 
dient disposition. 

^nO'TiM; adv. very much, exceedingly. (Shoa.) 

>i9"n.JPT-fl7°: s. martingal. 

j^aD."!-: s. Eth. ^1^: and O'^O'^: Tigr. 
cjir^:: year. pi. Ko^T^- f\aa!\-. qoxj 
-"T: "annually." fl^'^J'T: "in each re- 
spective year." 

i\tn}^: s. fem. of ?iiOq^:: mother- or daughter- 
in-laiv. Ruth ii. 2, 11, 18, 19. iii. 1, 6, 16. 

?\qo^: i.q. ih1P''f ■ ^de, gall. Deut. xxxii. 32. 

2\"^'t.'fini.f fl: Gr. anedva-Tos. amethyst (gem). 
Revel, xxi. 20. 

J^nro^^: (1) Xxlvtat', pi. of K"**'!': years. 
(2) am.Xtt.\t, sirjg. the beating, striking; a stroke, 
a blow. Jer. xxx. 14. Rad. OB^:; 

tvOtq-^: s. Eth. ih^fO; f. rh"^^:: Tigr. 

(hfJO*: f. rh"^'t':: A.v. yij>. f. iiUj- chUd- 
or parent-in-laiv, therefore son-in-laio. Gen. 
xix. 12. /a</ter-m-/aM', xxxviiL 13. Ex. iv. 18. 
mother-in-law, Matt. x. 35. related by mar- 
riage, 2 Kings \'iii. 27. 

Ti^P^'^i,- AMHARA, n. pr. (l) Amhara Proper, 
is a small province of Abyssinia, situate be- 
tween Godjam, Bagammeder, Lasta, Angot 
and Shoa, and is at present inhabited by tlie 
Yedjow and the Wallo Gallas. (2) Amhara, 
in a larger sense, is the name of all that part 
of Abyssinia which lies to the west of the 
river Taccaze and north of Shoa. (3) The 
name is often used by common people to 
signify a Christian, in contrast with Moham- 
medans and Heathen. 

7'\'P*'^C^: adj. Amharic. 

hon\: v.n. Eth. ^k?"!:: Heb. pCWri Ar. 

^<I to believe, give credit to, to confide, to rely, 
trust. 1 Chron. xxviii. 20: "AoDI: nC^^^O: 



( 116 ) 


" believe, and he strong.'" Miirkxvi. 16. Rom. 

X. 14. 

^im\ : pass. & n. to be trusted, accredited, to 
enjoy confidence, to be triintworlhy, honest, 
faithful; to confide, rely. Often used for, 
to confess one's sins. Matt. iii. 6. 

l^i^otH: cans, to make believe, depend or trvst, 
to persuade, to convince. Isa. xxxvi. 15: 

Ai-H*jPfl9»: n>»"lH.?v'flrh>C: 2'»JP"'l 

^^r^lh: " 'leither /e/Hezekiah make you 
trust in the Lord." 

?ifl3'*"'i: cans, to procure credit, to attest, 
accredit, authenticate. 
Yx'^'i- interj. Amen.' Matt. vi. 13. Is used 

not only in prayer, but also in confirmation 

or assent to any wish, salutation, or greeting. 
5^9T: adv. last year. Tigr. <^n^:: The 

present year is called iVi^iZ" 
Y^gm^if|-; s. confidence, object of confidence and 

trust, security. Jer. xvii. 7. 
J^9i3-j-*|- : s. midge, gnat. Ps. xxxix. 5. 
h.°^i-7i.A: -Emmanuel. Matt. i. 23. 
?\9THA'n: s. the crupper on a saddle. 
?kWOTH<5.: s. adulterer. Rad. Ko^iH^- 

Vid. jy^THC" 

J^OD'SH^PL'p: fem. adulteress. Lev. xx. 10. 

?itnj1nA: s. a sort of weeds. Gen. iii. 18. 
improperly for " thistle." 

J^goH: AMZA, s. Tig. (hlH" leavened cakes of 
Tif-bread, alias "111 :r:: 

hav^: s. Eth. th^f^K"-' Ar. jv*i>. "ignis 
non prorsus exstinctus," ashes, dust. Gen. 
xviii. 27. 

J\oti^: s. i.q. n^A: sparrow. Tig. fl^A.:: 

J^goj^: and cjijro^: s. Eth. OT^^K"" l^^*'- 
n^W Ar. JJL: pillar, column. Also tech- 
nical term for a column on a written page. 

p^onP^p: s. strong hoar-frost, stronger than 

hW^.-- V. a. (1) to bind, tie, to fetter, inf. 
oqUIC" Heb. npN. (2) to put (any boil- 
ing-, roasting-, or frpng-vessel) on the fire. 
^\X)d.' pass, to be bound, &c. 

^•1UI<i^: caus. to cause or order to be bound, 

tt^i: s. one who binds; the beadle, jailer. 
Mattv. 25. Acts xvi. 25: i\WiC^'- {jailers) 
improperly for '/SM'C^- : (prisoners). 

hUUC: s- Eth. rhUJC: Tig. rhUJi". «'»•««. 
c/iq/T. Luke xv. 16. An^T :: 

>»uiC^: s. ?.(/. ujOC^:: 2 Sam. xxiii. 4. 

hJ«J"C: ni"n- Eth. 0UJC1':: Tig. OAWCt" 
Heb. rr^toJT Ar. s^ <en. Its cipher is \\\ 
?»A"i.: ^k^JI^: "eleven." ?\M»«5.: ?i7« 
fl'V: "fifteen." ViJiwf;: ?•\^^: "one out 
of <ej?," i.e. " a tenth part," " tithe." 

'J\,»JW£^: s. (1) #/ie binding, bonds, prison ; (2) 
prisoner. Gen. xxxix. 20. 

?\M'^.''I': s. Eth. OM'^-1':: (1) decimation. 
(2) /if/ies. Ezek. xx. 40. Luke xviii. 12. 

■J\;»A'^'"f: s. //ic binding, bonds, fetters, prison, 

"7x^*^6.^'- idem. Gen. xl. 14. 

^fJ^d.V'- s.8^ nd). tenth; a tenth part. Lev. v. 
11: 7\A"^V-- trofld.Cy: "'^"^ tenth part 
of a measure." 

■>»M'^.?».A: n. pr. /srae?. 

'Jfi^ftJ^f^f^'^: adj. Israelitic, an Israelile. fem. 
"AA"^.?».A*^^:: Lev. xxiv. 10. 

J\^.: v.n. 2.7. ihi," 

?t^: s. i.7. rti^: excrements, dung. 2 Kings 
x%'iii. 27. 

'h.C '■ s. a stool, an evacuation of the bowels. 

y\C- s. P*^^T= — : "gum of the eyes," "tena- 
cious matter which gathers in the corners of 
the eyes." 

J^jJ^tro : V. a. to weed, to clear the weeds. 
•^^OV; pass, to be cleared from weeds. 
2\i^^tnJ: caus. to cause to weed. 

^^jao: V. a. Eth. tbd/^: (<?•«•) Ar. 'J^ Heb. 
t3'^"^nrT to consider as or declare sacred, de- 
voted to God, prohibited, cursed; to prohibit, 
vow, consecrate. 

•Jt'^oo; pass, to he prohibited, devoted, conse- 
crated, cursed. Lev. xxvii. 10: A>»"IH.?t 
-flib-C: PS"*^""^": ■t■l^^: "let it be 
consecrated to the Lord." 

■>iC9": s. (I) tvecds, tares. (2) Ar. 


( 117 



Q')r\ prohibit ion, consecration, curse; the pro- 
hibited, consecrated, devoted, cursed subject; 
any thing forbidden, improper, frivolous ; crime. 
Ex. xxi. 16: >k(;oo.9Ti: PTaBrtYlr^n'l-: 
"and against whom the crime is establislied 
by witnesses." Lev. xi. 4 : nA^•^: 'YiCP*'- 
iCD^: "it is prohibited to you." 

J^^oi^: 8. a heallien, a pagan. Matt xviii. 17. 

"5',^OD'"f : s. prohibition, voiv, consecraiion. Vid. 

t\dP^\^:s.i.q.rxdoxi:: (Shoa.) 
'i\dS^^^^^: s. nature and condition of a pagan ; 

paganism, heathenism. 
7\^oil<^: adj. & s. heathenish; heathen, pagan. 

pi. Tx^aijc^y-i:: 

7\dO^%\1-: s. i.q. ?i«;aiiV>:: 

^iC9"M' S- " i^are, step. 

Y\d,C.' s- f?'"'-":. '''^"'/. bullet. Ex. XV. 10. 

?i«^^1 : n. i)r. Harrar or Ilurrur, a kingdom 
south-east of Shoa. 

"Ki-tl : i. V- i-t\ '■ q. V. 

h#irt: v.a. Eth. rhtiiri: Tig. ih^lrt," Heb. 
Uy^n Ar. CLJj>- to plough, to cultivate the land. 
Gen. iv. 2. 
'i'd.fl - pass, /o he ploughed, cultivated by the 

plough. Gen. xlv. C. 
^v'^t^rt: caus. to cause to be ploughed. 

t\dS\- v.a. Eth. t\Cd\'C\' to moisten, io wet, to 
besprinkle. Num. xix. 18. 

"TxCtl: s. Eth. (iy\t\: self, personnlitij. Is used 
only with suffixes, in order to constitute pro- 
nouns, •r,CS\-- "he" XCfi^P: "she" >.r; 
rt(p: "you ;" (Sd pers. sing, honorif.) ; "ThCSl 
^T: "ourselves" >,C'*I-T'l>: (2d pers. pL) 
"you;" IhC/i^&'.'theyr 'YxCSf. HC/I 
If.'}: "we among ourselves," "among each 
other;" IhCS^- nC/V^U-- "you among 
yourselves;" "hCtV: nC/V^Gi"- "they 
among themselves." 

1?»Cl'f'= pi'on. m. 3d pers. sing, he, it; this, that, 
the same. Eth. (D-y^-p:: Tigr. ^|■t-:: >i 
CI*!-: ?iiA^: "he told me." nCJ'l': "in, 
by, or through him."" ytkCXi": "without 

him.'" YlCfP- "from him." PCX*-- g™. 
« hisr A Crt* = <i^t. " for, to him." TtC.ff'i ■ 
ace. "him." 'flCXv: ^Ji.i " v.ith him." >» 
ri'l': nCTl'f ®'" "t'^'y among themselves," 
"amongst each other." "hCXf' fiC^^-T 
"we among ourselves." "jhCXf- dC/l'-Tlh 
" you among yourselves." John i. 27 : ^\J 
yxCft"' iay"' "this is he," or "</(p samp." 

y%C/ltl: s. Ar. |J,Uj. 

"Xri^^Ih: pron. subst 2d pers. v>]ur. yotirsplvps. 

yiQi^"^!,: ourselves. Yid.y^Cfl:: 

"'fiC.^^Oy^' pron. subst. 3d pers. plur. thei/. 

y^QtlV- pron. subst. fem. 3d pers. sing. she. 

"^QfiCp. 2d pers. sing, honorif. you. 

hi.ti'- s. Eth. and Tigr. dii'fl,"- one who 
ploughs, tills the ground, agriculturist, husband- 
man, farmer. Al.lrjti:: Isa. Ixi. 5. 2 Tim. 
ii. 6. Rad. J\4rt:: 

^iC}^: s. field, arable land. Gen. xxiii. 9. 
Rad. Tx^fl:: 

"ixCt^- s. leaven. Ex. xii. 19. 

7\d/^: V. Eth. O*^*!*: " reconciliavit dissi- 
dentes." Amh. non occ. 
^^«|»; pass. & recipr. to be reconciled; to 
make peace with one another; to be con- 
?ifl^<^4*: trs. to reconcile, conciliate con- 
tending parties ; to appease. 

>»C;*: s. i.q. OC*:: 

?»<^*t- ■^^- t_si/^ brandy, distilled liquor. — : 
«»j;^<5_: "a good needle." (Shoa.) 

Ad.Ht'r: s. nudity, nakedness. With sufHxes 
it is an adjective, naked, bare. .>»^<|i'E': 
1^: "I am naked." Rev. iiL 17, 18. Gen. 
ix. 21. 

'lhi-1i^\1". s. nakedness, nudity, bareness. 
Deut. xxviii. 48. 

KCH: and ^tQ-n*^:: Heb. D^iyH-liSi Ar. 

i^y^j^ forty. Its cipher is uj- 40. hC*^'- 

^'i^' "forty-one." txCJ\: on-?-: "forty 

hundred," i. e. " four thousand." 
'fkC'tt: s. a weaver s frame or foo/n. 
^C^S"* ^' l^ofit, gain, advantage, produce. 

Isa. xxiii. 18. Rad. d/\ "• 


( 118 ) 

'hd.V- "hCS- 

"hCnV: s- horseman, rider, charioteer. Gen. 
xlix. 17. 

i\C*^K"- Ar. j^lj^l pi. of ,_^ suburbs, boroughs. 

Esther ix. 19. 
T\6/V: num. Eth. fxCnOti: Tig. hrnOl::: 

Ar. L«j,l Heb. 5??")^^ four. Its ciplier is 

eS 4. 

?k^^: s. a fabulous sort of cannibals, inhabit- 
ing, it is said, some of the northern parts of 
Shoa ; resembling men, in the upper part of 
their bodies, in stature, walk, dress, and lan- 
guage ; but in the lower part of their bodies 
they are said to be like asses or dogs. 

>»d.^: s. Lq. ^t:: Tig. ^i.C.:: 

ytdo'^- s. i.g. ^i-Y*:: 

h6-'V: s. ori't. Chald. ^n''"^!^ Heb. TT^I^ 


Ar. jsl, J the Law of Moses ; the Pentateuch, to 
which the Abyssinians add the Books of 
Joshua, Judges, and Ruth. 

Y\.C/l'i''- GT.'Epvdpa, sc. 0aA«cro-a, the Red Sea. 

yxd/VC."^'- s. the trotting, trot. 

Y^i/V^- ordin. the fourth. 

^^-f J': belonging to the Mosaic Law, one who 
occupies himself with the Mosaic Law, teacher 
of the Law, lawyer in the sense of the N. T. 

^^3-^: id. pi. ^i:ra^4?^ :: 

?»C^i^^= Eur. Archduke. Geogi-. 

iiCrf-^'TKy- Eur. Archduchy. Geogr. 

^CV>: s. Eth. thC.i''V-'- liberty, freedom, in- 
dependence; solitude, iwlaliun, dereliction. 
— : 0)"1: "to become free." — : ?ia)'Tl: 
"to make free," "liberate," "emancipate." 
John viii. 32: "^^aM'T^a : 2\Q^: yO)"! 
'^lA: "and the truth shall make you free."' 

33: iscyv' 'i'G>"i'^^'i^= "y^^ ®''^'^ ^^ 

made free:' — : t\Z^: "to loose," "send 
away free," lq. — : ?i(D"l:: Isa. Iviii. 6 : 
PTrtn^.^-??": -hCyX-i Atfofl^J^: "to 

let those that are broken down go' free. Vid. 

ItkC^^V^'- Pers. _jj;l or jJ;j block leather, 

a black skin. Ex. xxvi. 11. 
YidTi'lSL- '• ?• U ^"^"Xy.- green, light blue, azure. ■ 

Rev. iv. 3. 

"fx^'z s. shepherd, herdsman. Gen. iv. 20. Isa. 

"^t^^i'Y': s. lit. shepherdism, criminal inter- 
course with animals, very common among 
Abyssinian shepherds. Gal. v. 19. 

hCy^ti'f: s. pi. of C;"5sfl: Eth. " heads,"' tech- 
nical term for the npper margin of n written 
page; also, superscription of a chapter &c. 
The lower margin is called tJjE^"I: ; the 
middle one, IJt : ; the horizontal space 
between two divisions, n,d.Vl : ; the column 
itself, ?\1?ti^: or ^^P^j^:; and the perpen- 
dicular space between two columns, *|fl>' 

YvdXi- Vid. s. 4»1ri:: 

1?i([^Y>9''': s. Erkum, name of a large black bird 
in Abyssinia, whose Tigrean name is t\f\ : 

■>»C''^'n: s. id. q.dyi-n-.: 

t\Cj\f{,f\.'\(\- Eur. Archipelago, sea of islands. 

TvCyVi- s. "a flight of stone stairs of European 
construction, found by the Church of Axum, 
and at the king's palace at Gondar." Bl. 
J\(^'g: adj. & s. brute, savage, icild ; wild beast. 
ps;n_g.(^: — : or — : "/nj^f^: " venomous 
serpent." pi. ?id.*iE'l'-- 
?\<K: non. occ. Eth. O^H: " induit alium 
vestitu, amixit." 

"X^y^' Eth. T04H: "induit se, indutus 
fuit." Amli. to be naked, undressed. Matt. 
XXV. 36: •J-^^'mh: hAn«^^Lh'1«7«: 
" / was naked, and you clothed me." 38 : 
( J'CHtl: ?»Anf!li!: "or tchen 
thou wast naked, have we clothed theeH" 
Job xxii. 6: P:^4H■■1[-^9n: A-flfl: 
^(DfTHJ: "and the clothes of the naked 
hast thou stripped off." 
txiH- s. a black sheep's skin, made up for 

hCJH '• Eth. 8. Heb. t"1>? cedar-tree. 
?»^HH : s. a sort of large, round, and blackish 

y^C^: s. idld boar, pig, swine. Tig. tro^Afl " 
Lev. xi. 7. 

^CPT": ... ?iC"J<^'1i: 

( 119 ) 

"ihCJ-l: "hCV-n- 

?iCJ("?": Etli. s. fhe hhjhcd heaven, where is 

the Throne of God. Matt. xxi. 9. 
JVCP'fi: ^t^\t\- Gr. "Apeiof ■na'^os, the Areo- 
pagus, at Athens. Acts xvii. 19. 
h4K:v.a. Eth.t^K: Tig.-?^:: Ar.^ 
'" laceravit," to butcher, slaughter. 
ItdX- Pf^ss. to lie butchered, slaughtered. 
Gen.xxii. 7: HT-: PJ-A: P«^:^4K(I^: 
" where is the slieep, wliich is to be 
butchered? '' 
?irtjj*P: caus. to cause to be slaughtered or 
y\it,^' s. a cliff, narrow valley. 
"^CJ^- ^- ^^'^ butchering ; a victim. 
hCS,JP'i: IhHiA;: TxnC.: Arabic plurals. 
Isa.'iii. 22. 

1?»C^J'= s. help, assistance, i.q. d^'X':: 2 Chr. 

xxviii. 16. 
Ih.^^: v.n. Eth. ?>4T: to senesce, to be or 
become old. Gen. xviii. 11 : <I.R"Cra(ij,: j^|^ 
S*f C!^: 5n<,: "were completely oW." 
^i"^*^: caus. to mr/^-e oW. Lament, iii. 4. 
?ii.^': s. one ivho butchers, a butcher. 
ttC^f- and Kd,§;i^: s. old age, senility, old- 

ness. Gen. xxi. 2. 
?i<^T: v.n. Eth. {J^: to mount, ascend, espe- 
cially by steps. 

Y\^d^' caus. to make ascend, to bring up, 
especially to bring up to the burnt-offering 
altar for a sacrifice; to make a sacrifice. 
?k4"l: s. Eth. fh4"J:: shoot, sprout of any 
plant. Pa).PT: — : "sAoo< of a vine." Ezek. 
xvii. 6. 
"Ytd^- ?;ra'g, interj. 0! is used for contradic- 
tion, for abhorrence, and for complaint or la- 
mentation. O, far from that! far be it! "^^ 
"I: Ihd.l: >»<',"»: Alas! alas! T^tl^lzfie! 
'h.C'i- s- iq- C*i- coagulation, coagulated mat- 
ter, esp. curds, cheese. 
}\C*1.: «•"!). old, aged. Fem. ?iC7,-t-:: 
'XCT'^T: s. curse, malediction, execration. 
Deut. xxiii. 5. Prov. xxvi. 2. Rad. ^lou;: 
?lC^<i,•l: s. ARijGRiiSSA, a parasitic plant with 
red berries of a bitter taste, wliich are used 
as a medicine in bowel-complaints. 

"hcnt-.s. vid. oo'V" 

hC^fi- AKGANON, s. Gr. opjavov. (1) the 
title of one of the Abyssinians' Liturgical 
works, which chiefly contains prayers and 
praises to the Virgin Mary. (2) organ, mu- 
sical instrument. 
h^dJPX- s- & adj. Eth. (1) i.q. ?iCT.: old. 
(2) Aragawi, n. pr. of an Abyssinian saint, one 
of the nine Missionaries who coming from the 
Greek Church to Abyssinia, during the reign 
of king Alahijda, toward the latter end of the 
fifth century, are said to have completed the 
work of conversion of the greater part of 
Abyssinia, which was begun by Frumentius 
about the year 330. Aragawi, (also called 
Zamichael) had for his companions the follow- 
ing eight Missionaries: Pantaleox, Garima 
(alias Yishak), Gobba, Aftse, Alef, Imat a, 
Zehiima, and LycaVos. These saints are said 
to have first settled at Axum, the then capi- 
tal; where they dwelled together twelve 
years, and then divided themselves into 
various parts of the kingdom. Abba Aragawi 
went to the province of Agame in Tigre; 
where a huge serpent conveyed him on his 
tail to the top of the high and inaccessible 
rock DAMO, on which he established a convent, 
the seat of his activity. His biography is 
full of the most absurd miracles ; one of which 
is, that he is said to have converted the Devil 
himself, whom he persuaded to take the mo- 
nastic cap for forty years. Aragawi is still 
considered as the tutelar saint of the mona- 
stery of Debra Damo, which monastery is one 
of the most renowned convents in Abyssinia. 
>»CT-'H: adj. i.q. ^T-'H: pregnant. I'Thess. 
V. 3. 2 Kings viii. 12. 

?kOTP: s. the treading, a step. Ps.cxix.133. 

Rad. Om:: 
?iiini: v. a. to practise usury. Bl. 
«^^"1= s. usury, interest on money advances. 

Ex. xxii. 25. Nehem. v. 7. 
■JkCT-ll: s. & adj. Ar. CJoj Heb. ntO"1 

moisture, humidity, wetness; moist, humid. 


Gen. XXX. 37. 

( 120 


hfl6.C: . . . htlt"^i6: 

viel. Al 


I^C'Vn'V-: i.q. CTn-T: s. Ar. h^j wetness, 

humidity, moisture. Ps. xxxii. 4. 
'>»C'P•ni'^: idem. 

?k«C<5.: v.n. Eth. 04*5.:: to rest, to be quiet, to 
acquiesce, to take rest, to repose. Gen. ii. 3 : 
KC^TAf: "for he rested." 
K"^*!!*?,: caus. to make rest, to <jive rest, re- 
pose, to calm. Matt. xi. 28: yi\ffO: J^i^ 
C^.^iAU't " and I ^vil! give you rcsf" 
Yt^4/t"- a. Tigr. }^^^: foam, froth, scum. 

Mark ix. 20. cf. Eth. d.Q,K: "suit." 
yid.Q,^-s. rest, repose. Al. Of^^'t*:: 
f\tlt\^^^: V. n. to be a Mohammedan. 

"Vflt^O^: pass, to be made or become a Mo- 
Y*.^fl£\^^^' cau.s. to briny over to the Moham- 
medan religion, to promote the Mohammedan 
■]?»flA9«: and '^iM'A'?": s. (1) Islam, tlie Mo- 
hammedan religion. (2) a professor of Islamism, 
a Mussulman, a Mohammedan. 
?k*^A<i: s. cup-bear er, butler ; the servant wlio 
has to present tlie drink at meals. Gen. xl. 1. 
Rad. ?iilA<5.: Vid. hAd.:: 

.J ^ c 5 

2\f|oti^: Ar. ^^*.^\ adj. one who has small ears. 

Lev. xxi. 18. 
?»fl''^'^ : s. witchcraft, magic, sorcery. Rad. 

2\rtaTJ: Vid. nai):: 
^kff^'T?': s. a sorcerer, magician, charmer, 

wizard. Ex. vii. 11. x\ii. 18. 
?vfl"^'r^i1": i-q- hfi"")'"!":: stale, condition. 

and practice of a sorcerer. 2 Kings ix. 22. 
^ o .. c s 
?kfl"^l^i.: Ar. J^srL«w«.l Ezek. xxvii. 24. | 

ykfl^^TM: Pers. Jij^lXlT Revel, ix. 17. j 

J\«TlC= »'•?• "^"^C: LuJ^e i. 23.^ 
f%ft'6.: Ar. s,^l pi. of x^l chains, fetters. 

Isa. iii. 19. for rt"7i^^ "ornamental chains 

worn at the ancles of females." 

hfli-C' s. labour, uork, especially work of art, 

mechanism. Ex. xxxvi. 35. 
TttldA". s. Vid. y^JM^.-l:: 
y%i\tl''t"- s. chameleon. 
]^fj«|>in}C^: s. one who sets down, or makes to 

sit dotcn. 
tvtX^R'^' adv. in the beginning, al first, ago, 

previously, before, ere. John i. 1. Rad. 

?»fin: v.a. Eth. rhrtn: Tig. thrta" Ar. 
w-J!iO. Heb. IltJn <o think, mtdilule, con- 

• — T 

sider, to reckon, inf. mjfj'fl: "the thinking,'" 
"consideration,''^ "thought."' Gen. xxiv. 45: 
.P-Ul'}: "^rs-n: "when I thought this," 
" meditated thus." 

^jj'rtfl: IJass. to be meditated, considered, re- 
flected or thought on, to be borne in mind, to 
be an object of thought ; to be remembered ; 
to be reminded. Ex. xvii. 14 : "iv^£ ^ 
fl'fl: "that it may be remembered.^'' Ezek. 
xxxiii. 13: R-^-U: U-A-: ?i-V:Ml'flA 
^fo : " all his righteousness shall not be 
thought of in his favour." 
?i'lrtn: caus. to cause thinking, excite to 
thinking, to remind. Isa. xliii. 26: ?ii^i*l 
n^: " remind me!" 
?iflr!l'rtn: caus. to cause being thought of, to 
make remember, to commemorcde. 
K^-n: s. Eth. (h"1'n:: Ar. ^LU^ Heb. 
n^tfriQ thought, meditation, consideration, 
reflexion, supposition, opinion, remembrance, 
recollection, memory. Gen, vi. 5. xxiv. 1 5. 
?kl1l'inC= s. fA(? breaking, fracturing, destroy- 
ing ; breach, fragment, fracture, destruction, 
ruin. Rad. (*in«i:: 
?iirt''t': »• Etk thfl"^:: lie, falsehood, untruth, 
deceit. — : iOP: "it is a lie,"" "not true,'" 
"false"" —. Tn^: "to speak untruth:" 
"to lie."" Rad. fhrtO): "mentitus est." Eth. 
txtl'i"- s. a certain sort of trees in Abyssinia. 
■Ki1'1f:s. Heb. U)N/re. 

'f\t\'V^^^^.'- a- one who waits on sick persons, 

amirse. Rad. hfl^'""''":: Vid. 2\ouoo: 

Jp^fl'j-oi]^: s. teacher, instructor. In Shoa, often 

ti.fifX"R- ••'^^'n- 

( 121 ) 

hfi'h: . . . rx^d,i- 

confounded with 'f^i- "scholar." Vid. 

Tttlt'C.'X'^' ^- ^^- {J^*^^ interpreter, trans- 
lator. Rad. ?iflt"«!i>oo: Vid.f^^T-oiJi.- 
Isa. xliii. 27. 

?\flTnC- s- ASTANACAR, a plant with a spinous 
fruit, containing stupefying seeds which are 
used in fishing. 

y»fl''l"'J4.'^- i>^^cth, respiration, breathing. Gen. 
ii. 7. Rad. l(i_rt:: 

KrtTf*: adj. & s. /a/se, deceitful, untrue ; aliar, 

"htVWtS.- V. a. to understand, to comprehend. 
inf. oigflTTA: " the comprehending," " un- 
derstanding," " comprehension." Ps. xiv. 2 : 
po^j»f|-l"(I>^^: t\iSp: "a man that under- 
derstands.''^ Ex. xxxv. 34, 35. 

?iflTT£: adj. & s. understanding, prudent, 
comprehending, skilful, circumspect ; a man of 
understanding, esp. magician. / c^-l^^~.~- 

?\fl't'TP-'P: fern. idem. Ex. xxxv. 25. 

Pi"^^: s. seducer, deceiver, heguiler. Vid. '^'t':: 
2 .Tolm 7. 

ixtX^^H' s. & adj. trouhler, molester, oppres- 
sor ; troublesome, molesting, painful, difficult. 
2 Kings ii. 10: ?if|T;ji: MC,: "a difficidt 

^irtV: V. a. to show, to offer, exhibit, to render, 
to do, to make. Is often exchanged for ?i i^ P : 
(j.v. sub ?iP:: It is joined with many of the 
same particles as ?»A"- for the purpose of 
constituting active and transitive verbs, 
whereas with hf^- they are but neuter or 
active, e.g. ^tl- —• "to give joy," "to 
gladden." TI?": — : "to silence." >,h,: 
— : " to persuade," " make compliant" Ptnj 

• ^fy%: i-q- P•'^A''^: or pot^TA: "one 
who is called," " whose name is." 

>»flTn: prep. & conj. Lat. " usque," /o, up to, till, 
until, reaching to. Is generally followed by 
the postposition J^<!^f|:; e.g. "XflVl: fVt^: 
S'dtl: "as far as his house," "up to his 
house." "^i fl Yl H.y -"to here," " liitherto." 
>»flVH>l: "tUl now." Tm?T^: g7»C: 

IhflTn: ^"J:^: Jl:dS^' "from morning till 
evening." >i,flYl,«rani: RdS\- "^''^ ^^ 
comes." Gen.xix.4: YinA'trm': £9^^ = 
1ext\\\- hfnj"IA.(I>': RdSl'. "from young 
to old." 9: K^IT^: >»f!ln : tmUnC.: 
v^il-. "and they arrived to the breaking of. 
his door," i.e. "had nearly broken his door." 
Pii^lri : V. a. to fold the hands, passing the 
fingers of one hand between those of the 

other, i.q. ?ia)hf 14" 
■^jflYl^: part, of courteous request. Lat."quaeso." 

pray.' please.' "isftVU: Tx'i^- "pray let us 

see ! " Mai. i. 8. 
?»fl^A: s. the yolk of an egg. 
"?» rt£: inteij. of rejoicing, essai : eh ! ay ! aha .' 

Isa, xliv. 16. 

?ifjyK" ?ilX.PK" ?irtj?g-: and 2\rt. 
_Pj^: one who transmits, hands or delivers over 
to another; betrayer, traitor. Luke vi. 17. 

?\rt^: s. Haggai ii. 17. i.q. |*|^: Ar. 11^ cricket. 

ihiflP^: Ar. ^ij^l presents, esp. bridal pre- 
sents. Isa. iii. 21. pi. of j'j^. 

?ii^^^: s. persecutor. 1 Tim. i. 13. Had. 

J^i^J^T,: s. <i(/or, trainer, educator, governor, 
pcedagogue. Rad. ?»i^^T;: Vid. gT" 

?»fmi: one who causes tribute and customs to 
be paid, publican, custom-officer, collector of 
tribute and duties. 1 Kings iv. 6. 

*?»rtni: act. to spread, extend. 

^rtffl: pass, to be spread, extended. Bl. 

2\rt"l:v.2.g. ?irtm::? P'Pi-Jffl'^: spread- 
ing? 2 Sam. xvii. 19. ■>. 

?»flfDA: 'v.a. to deliver, rescue. Ps. lix. 1. 

?if!m'flA'=l*: Ar. c^Lk-], plural of J^j, 
Chald. «^nttD« Gt. (rra^Mov. Lat. "sta- 
bulum." stable. 2 Chr. ix. 25. 

?»ft"lT: s. gift, present, donation; the act of 
giving. Luke xi. 13. Esther ii. 18. 

?\flCB,{''!i: s. oppressor, affiictor, tyrant; adj. 
oppressing, vexatious, troublesome. Isa. Ii. 13. 

Ti^t^&- s. one who makes ashamed ; an infa- 
mous, lewd person. Ezek. xxiii. 44. 


htitn^i-t-i: ■ ' i^Ti'nd.'nd.: ( 122 ) ^k^■l^l^••^: . . . :r«!'4: 

Kfld.'l'tl'-S.Ar. jjjuvil Gr. a\j/i'veiov. Lat. 
" absinthium, ' wormwood. Jer. ix. 23. Amos 
vL 12. 

2\n : V. a. to rub between the fingers or hands. 
Deut. xxiii. 25. 
' "X"^'- pass. Ex. xxix. 2. Job xxiv. 24. 

■Jin : V. a. to desire. Vid. il :: 

^i\: interj. of compliance, readiness, assent; 
readily ! willingly ! at your service ! yes ! — : 
?\ A: io say 'yes,'' to consent, to comply, be ready, 
willing, &c. — ^irt"?": to persuade, to make 

Tif'tJ: s. i.q. r»y: thorn. 

^k^"tJR'Pln,: s. one who, under the mantle of 
. secrecy, publishes secrets, especially of friends ; 
a tell-tale ; one who carries on intrigues. 

Y\^£\,'. s. a horse whose feet are white, whilst tlie 
rest of the body is of a different colour. 

^fj^«^: asuk'oko, a little animal resembling 
the marmot: a minute description of it is 
given by Bruce, 2d edit vol.vii. p. 241—247. 

Jvh^n: V. Vid. h'S»n:: 

■>if1^: s. Eth. rt*Ii'V: Tigr. fl^^^: ear or 
spike of com which has just ripened; any fruit 
which is guile fresh, .and scarcely ripe. Gen. 
xli. 5. 

"Jr^f^^: s. willingness, compliance, readiness, sub- 
mission. Prov. xvi. 15. Rad. 'J^il." 

Jihfd-: s. victor, vanquisher, conqueror. Deut. 
X. 17. 

?ifiVlA: s. mulberry-tree. 

itxWfiO s. child above the age of (d^g'iV't*:) 
infancy, and below that of (-flA'tli'Tl' 
youth, therefore boy or girl. The latter is 
often, though not always, called with the 
feminine form ^khlTI^'P:: The distinction 
between the various ages, however, as has 
been remarked elsewhere (vid.'OA'tll^:). 
is seldom duly observed. 

hftVlO'l'"- ^- J^oyhood, the age of boys and 

ttfi^dXi^' ^'^- ^° '"""^ independently, to 
move about, by creeping or walking. Gen. j 
i. 30. ! 

2\fi^^'^: s. the neighing of horses ; the 
clucking of hens. 

?vh*P: and ^iHT: s. sand, dust of the earth. 
Gen. xiii. 16. xxviii. 14. Jer. v. 22, Hab. i. 9. 

y^f: s. Tigr. J\^/h:: a word of extensive 
signification, denoting vessel, utensil, instru- 
ment, furniture, luggage, tools, implements. 
Pn.""r: — : "/urnzVure of the house." P — : 
n.1': "house," "room," or "place of luggage;" 
"treasury," "warehouse," &c. Vid. fL'Tt*" 
■ — 'i C^Cz " ■Vya.r-instrunients,'''' i.e. "anus." 

J\^^cp.: s. metier, founder, one u-ho melts, &c. 

^ipffO; s. measure, proportion. 1^9"': "witli 
measure,^' moderation, moderately ; in propor- 
tion, proportionately. 

^ejjuqcTD'p: s. seat, dwelling-place, residence, 
^inm. xxiv. 21. basis, frame, stand or trestle 
on which any thing may be placed. 1 Kings 
viL 33. Rad. ftl'oofn:: Vid. •poofn:: 

^x^itrq^: Amli. and Argobba, s. leather-bag, 
consisting of a tanned and inverted skin of 
a goat or the like animal. Tigr. A°«|*^5'-' 
Shoa flAj':: 

?\^^.n„P: s. means or plnce of approach; en- 
virons, neighbourhood of a place. Jos. ix. 1. 
Rad. q>d^t\:: 

?»3J"?9™^: s. the standing, station, stand, state, 
condition; 1 Kings x. 5, for maintenance. 

?i'l'n^: s. a steep, a steep mountain or hill. 
Is opposed to the «l'"-A*l*^A'l': precipice, 
declivity, pit, deep valley. 

*Yv^n^-- s. Tigr. fhAT:: a look, glance. Bl. 

Yv^^: Ex. xxviii. 17. for JP't"'-^':: q.v. 

K^d,- v.a. Eth. rh'I'iS.:: to embrace; to brood, 
hatch; to keep close to any thing. Gen. 
xxix. 13: ?i^f^7": "^WDd).: "and he em- 
braced smA kissed him." Jer. xvii. 10 : IJ^A: 
JPAffiAKT^d)''}: tx^&^'f-: "the partridge 
hatched (eggs) which she hath not laid." Job 
xxiv. S: KT^JP: ^^4.A-: "they embrace 
a rock," i. e. " take shelter under it," from the 

'3"P&,' pass. & refl. to be embraced; to em- 
brace one another; act. to embrace. Gen. 
xlviii. 10: ^'V4,^Q}^: "embraced them." 

•r$»'p<5.: ... J\'nh: 

( 123 


txn'P: •• 'Tttl^: 

"TS"!**?.- '■cfl. fo embrace each other. 

vi. 18. 
?»fl1'3'*^= i'J- rcfl. & reit. to embrace each 
other; trop. to be linked to each other. 
2 Chron. iii. 5 : >ȣ;i>: HQfl': hflT^ 
^G^: "being /int«Z fo each otlier."' 
^i-fl: Eth. s. Amh. J\n^:: Tigr. T\P" Heb. 
3^ Ar. ^I Father. In Amharic, it is used 
only of tlie First Person in the Holy Trinity. 
>»"iH.?K-rijh.C: i^ll: "God the Father." 
?i'flAA.'l': s. stinging-nettle (a plant). Bl. 
iMld,: V. n. Eth. -^lld." Heb.l^n to join to- 
gether, to associate, to assemble, to congregate. 
constr. 1. •hrfXC- A-fld.: K-fldJiJ: &c. 
" together," " being joined ;" " in junction." 
Yl — : J^: " with" is generally added, but 
not necessarily. Gen. xxxix. 14 : 7\'nCJ^: 
/yf 1 : "joining with me to sleep," i.e. " to 
sleep ui7A me." V^^|■^: Pi.: "hrHd^: f™ 
*T|IJ' : " I came together with him." 
YiflHd,' ^ct. to bring together, to congregate, 

to form a society, association, congregation. 
Tnn4" recipr. and reiter. to join mutualhj 
together, to stand in mutual connexion, have 
communion, communicate with each other. 
Matt, xxiii. 30 : OAfTnCf^®'?": i 
nc,\: "and we would not have been par- 
takers with them." 
Tifl^: V. a. to shame, put to blush. Bl. 
irirtiifl,^^: Pers. L^^^I silk. Ex.xxviii. 15. 

?k'n<5'H: ^^.ji/.^ Gr. ofBpv^ov, purest gold. 

Job xx^•iii. 15. 
?k'llC'^^" '^^ ABERTAMO, hair nicely plaited, 

firmly joined, and coming down in plaits on 

the shoulders and neck. 
2\ni1l: v.a. Tigr. ihPrt: Eth. p-flrt:: Ar. 

.1m Heb. C52^ "siccus fiiit et desiccavit." 

to dry, esp. by wiping ; to wipe, wipe off. 

J-flrt: pass, to be dried, wiped off. 
^kfl"^- s. Eth. a crime, misdeed. Ex. xxxii. 21. 
2\n: fi'J^: or ^^lni■r^: s. peppermint. 
?in^: s. ab'asha, Abyssinia. Vid. UH^:: 
?i'firi: s- ab'sh, a certain leguminous plant. 

much in favour with the Abyssinians, for the 
seasoning of their meals. 
?in<l>: V. defect. 2\n*U: m.?in*ri: f. sing. 
I pray, request, entreat, beseech thee. 7\*\^ 
^U-: / beseech you. 
?in^: s. provender, fodder, forage ; litter, bed 
of straw for animals ; straw which is cid, chaff. 
Gen. xxiv. 25. 
JV'Il^: (Shoa). idem. 
?ifl-?A«7"!XfS: Ar. ^__/,,,>^!/^! Gr.'ATrora- 

^l-■^/^^J, Apocalypsis, the Book of Revelation. 
?inn: V. n. to bloom, to blossom, to flourish. 
Num. xvii. 8. Prov. xiv. 1 1. 
li'v'^nn: caus. to make blossom, to cause to 
?»m': s. bloo7n, blossom^ flower. Ex. xxv. 31. 
■^iH-n: s. serpent, fem. ■J^nfl.l'"- Gen. iii. 1. 
r^n-l-: s. Tigr. ?\P: Eth. Tvfl" Heb. ni;(l 
Ar. J father. — f: "7^^^ : "father and mo- 
ther," "parents." P^lCfl'f'i: — = "Chris- 
tian /of/; er," i.e. " Godfather:^ PlfB'h: — : 
"father of penitence," i.e. " confessionary," 
"/a^Aer confessor." "TH-J: J^q-t^: "whatis 
his father?"" and crq'i: ?iT|5: "who is his 
father?'" i.e. "his father is not known ;" "he 
is a bastard," a very strong invective, most 
frequent in Abyssinia, applied to man and 
beast and inanimate beings. JiH ''I'?': "Kf"'!' : 
PAiAG^: A^: " a child which has no father 
and mother," i.e. "orphan." 
7»n>'"i": aJid^ifLT: contr. from TiTil • "father," 
and n.^: "house;" lit. " house-father," ?. e. 
" master," " lord." it is used as an iiiteijec- 
tive particle (1) in answer to a "call or ad- 
dress, as the English " Sir?" and "Ma'am?" 
e.g. A person addresses a man whose name 
is Wolda Gabriel : he says, " Wolda Gabriel ! " 
The answer is, Ti fL^ : Sir 9 (2) in prayer to 
God, YnWV: O Lord ! Gen. xviii. 3. (3) In 
juridical proceedings, complainants crowd 
before the house of the judge, continually 
exclaiming ?tn.^: Kfl/Tt*: abet! abet 
until he admits them to state their causes. 
7»n^: s. cows dung. E/ek. iv. 18. 
R 2 

Ti-tl'i:: . . . Knai: 

( 124 ) 


>i-ni: Eth. s. Hcb. ]!« stone. "J^-nt: n<^^: 
and "Svrnl: 11 4J^: lit "hailstone," "s/one 
resembling hail" i.e. marble or alabaster. 
Ex. xxxi. 5. Rev. xviii. 12. 

TklllL: s. a sTOo/Z thin turban, consisting of a 
piece of fine and thin cotton cloth of Abyssi- 
nian manufacture. Cf. the Hebrew tDilN 
Lev. xvi. 4. 

J^n-f: s. aboox'a, i.e. "our father," Eth. and 
Ar. signifies, (1) the Bishop who is sent from 
the Coptic Patriarch in Cairo, and has for his 
diocese the whole of Abyssinia. (-2) Title of 
reverence given to the Abyssinian Saints; 
e.ffh.n-'i': Kf\: Piarj; -our father Abba 

h^thY- HA-fl: ABUNA zalab, crupper. 

hrfirtl- s. Av. ^_;~yul ebony. Isa. xli. 19. 

i^'JlV'T: s. medicine, remedy, especially charm. 
p«I>/^gt»; — : "the medicine or charm of 
colours." Vid. «i»A9D:: 
*?i'flt^: s. type, form, model. Lud. 

?»riP: Eth. and Tigr. to refuse, decline, i.q. 

?i.n,P: '^BAi, n. pr. the Abyssinian Nile, the Blue 

?inK: v. n. to be mad, out of senses, insane; to 

ra(/e; to be foolish, inf. otjf|_^: the being 

mad, madness, mania, foolishness ; rage, fury. 

Deut. xxviii. 27. 

J^'lflJ^; caus. to madden, bring info madness. 
Matt. XV. 22: y^-nS.T^i^^'- "for (a Satan) 
m/ikes her mad." 
"]?»'nj^: s. & adj. madness, mania ; mad, frantic, 

foolish, a fool. 
y^tl'^: adj. verb, mad, frantic. 
hn!^6- 3- a lender, one who lends; Isa. xxiv. 2. 

Prov. xxii. 7. from TxDS.^'- '^^^- 0^4- 
^fj: 'il"n: ABBA GOMBA, i.q. TiCXi^^'- ?•■"• 
hnPH ■ ABBAGAz, title of governor of a frontier 

district in Shoa. 
JMl^TIi^: s. state and dignity of an abbagaz. 
2\nni : V. n. to swell, to be turgid and tumescent. 

Isa. i. 6. 

?i'^nn): trs. to produce swelling, to tumefy ; 
prop, to puff up. 
'K'V: s^Eth.>i'i.^:: Tig-InU: fonoht::: 

Ar. e^^l Heb. JTiriN Clmld. nHN sister. 

T T - 

?iTA: s. dregs, barm of fermenting liquors. 
Ps. Ixxv. 8. 

^»:^AA: v.a.;osec?uce. Vid. ?»A: and ^fAA:: 

Deut. xiii. 6. 

^ill'AJZ: s. seducer, one who persuades another 
into liis own views. Rom. i. 30. Rad "fxT" 

J^-forc: v.a. Eth. IT""; Tigr. If mi:; Ar. 

Jii- Heb. Crirr to stamp irith a type or seal, 

to print, imprint, impress, to seal. Vid. (hf 

ou: and I't-ou:: Rom. xv. 2S : JCtl^-'} 

•?»: ^d.: AC^^tD-: Tr9«lh: T.H.: 

"when / (shall) have sealed to them this 


-|"t"cnj : pass, to be stamped, imprinted, 

sealed, &c. 
^^t^fau: caus. to cause to stamp, to order 
sealing, stamping, printing. 

J^J-in^: s. i.q. '{f oi^: and rh:^^^^:: 

J\»}-qD: s. atvmo, a small hand-drum, similar to 
the YinC" Ex. XV. 20. Judges xxi. 21. 

K^1°rid„«J.: s. Eur. atmosphere. 

J^T C : s. peas, i^^l : — : vetches. —r\fh6: 
(Tigr.) "hog-beans," i.q. HlJA:: 

fv^i.i'ti: and J\-TC3fl: s. from the Greek 
dpoi'oi, a sort of reading-desk, consisting in 
two iron frames, a longer and a sliortcr one, 
joined together in the middle by an iron pin 
on each side, so as to cross eacli other and 
to be folded up. On the top they are joined 
by a piece of cloth, on whicli, when extended, 
the book is laid. 

2\'tr: Atena. (1) n. pr. Athens. (2) a mat of 

reeds, al. thd,H'' 
1?»'t*'i: s. Ar. ijJ! an oven. 

J^i-VlA-r: and ?i:^Jl^\•■r: pi. of ttlgi: 

" plants;" generally used as a singular, garden. 
^T^ATV: s. i.q. TViJE: gardener. 2 Kings 
XXV, 12. 

Kte^- • ' M^ti- 

( 125 ) 

■S^^fl'n: . >ii*n: 

Yt.'Ve.: and ?i,'rp.p.'1s: s. Qupeti. Rstlier i. 9. 

h^yy.: s. a .s/(//i/, aspect, vision. Ex. iii. 3. 

h/fP'k'yi n- pr. Ethiopia, classical name of 
Un*l: Abyssinia. 

^i.-l'P'J*:^^: m. adj. ?»,^P-fr_p^-tJ: &— ^ 
B.*!!: f. Etiiiopic, an Ethiopian. Num. xii. 1. 

?\'r.^SC* s. (1) residence, nojourn, the lodijincj. 
from ty^d,:: (2) play, sport, trifle. Rad. 
^^" Isa.lvii. 10. 

^^T£ii"I: s. the being browjht up, education. 
Acts xxvi. 4. 

?i,'tn.: s. Queen-doivager, Queen-mother. 

>i^^: i-q. 'V-Q,:: Deut. xxv. 9 : "X-^S.: '^O 
Afl'l': " let her spit ujjon liim." 

ttrVQ.'X: s. the spiltimj, spittle, i.q. 'V^^" 
Job XXX. 10. 

'f\'\'Ci.'}'&.- s. an over-curious, saucy, imperti- 
nent person. Rad. f jS^fd." 

"M,- pron. subst. 1 pers. sing. Eth. and Tigr. 
M:: Ar. lif Heb. '<:« /. Gen. Pt: "my," 
"of me," "mine." Ace. "^jiT : " me." t\V.: 
" to " or " for me." ni : " in," " througli," 
or " by me." As affixed pronoun, it is changed 
to — *5: modified by preceding or followino- 
vowels; e.g. mfl'I'^: "he protected me." 
'fl/VfA: "he telling me." oots^: "they 
beat me." 

txWf: inter], look! behold! Gen. xxii. I : >vl. 
\T\. >»i.: "behold me, I!" i.e. "here am 
!•" ">»^:S.^: "fo/ioW her!" Is used also 
in conversational language, as an amplifica- 
tion, similar to our "you know," "you see;" 
e.g. Isa. xlviii. 7 : "M,-. 'MW: txiSi^-X^: 
■X^j^'"^A: "lest thou shouldest say, I, you 
know," (Behold I) " knew her (itj." 

JVlrt: v.n. Eth. T^rt: to be or become smaller, 
minor, less, to diminish. Gen. viii. 13. 
:Mrt: pass. & n. to be made smaller, &e., to 
be diminished, to be smaller, &c. Hence the 
adject, ^rrfi : " little," " small." 
h^lfl- trs. to make smaller, to lessen, to di- 
minish, to reduce, contract. 

>»^flAA■ s. a certain plant Matt, xxiii. 23. 

WTlfl: Ar. ^^a^ji) sparrow. Job xxxix. 26. 

"iS'If!"^: s. animal. 

YiTl^flA: s. a bulbous plant with red juice, 
with which the Abyssinian women dye their 
hands and feet red. 

'^'Jrt.-'f: s. ENSET, a very beautiful gramineous 
plant, of which Bruce has given a minute 
description, vol. vii. pages 149 — 153. Its 
leaves are made use of in Gurague for mats. 

J^lfl^: s.&adj. Ar. ^ Heb. TTlD'<^ female, 

J cmitiine. 
?i'l'i^"'T": s. a cheater, defrauder, one who 

takes too much profit in commerce. 
J\l'I>: V. a. Eth. O^*!*: "coUo torquem appen- 

dit," and 'i^'p: " strangulavit," " suffoca\-it." 

Tigr. idem. Heb. p^Il At. ^jj^ i.g. 'ii'p:: 
to suffocate, to strangle. Matt xiii. 7. Jer. 
xvi. 16. 

•J-i^ : pass, to be suffocated, strangled, to hang 
oneself. Matt, xxvii. 5: ^^<f»•7n: qo-l": 
"and he died by hanging himself" 

?if «5" s- " suffocater, hangman, executioner. Jer. 
xvi. 16: -flH- hf^^'JT": Tirt^Alh: 
J?*13:^®'°^A: "and I will send many 
hangmen, and they shall hang them." 

^kl'^^AA: s. egg. p— : Oh;}: "albumen," 
" the glair," " the white of an egg." p — : 
h fl^. A : " the yolk of an egg." Deut. xxii. 6. 

?>i1'!»A<i,= V. n. to sleep. Gen. ii. 21. 

?\"nni'A4.: trs. to produce .sleep, to make 
sleep, to lull asleep. 

hn^^.d.-- s. c sleeper. 

"J^T^^A^: s. sleep, slumber. 

rtn'rG\t^V^: adj. sleepy, drowsy, full of sleep. 

hn^C.: s. epighttis, the uvula. 

?^^•|'C= Ar.^i a cave. Isa. xlviii. 10. 
"txVPil^: s. crop, craw, icen, swelling of the 

>k'i*C:I'9°: adj. & s. one whose throat is 

hn^<^^ll: s. the mover, motor, one tcho moves, 

(trs.) Rad. ^|*|«l>rt:: 
■>V-5«|>^/^. s. a species of lizards. 
'/k^^-fl: s. (1) a sort of icide baskets (Amh.) 

Deut xxvi. 2. (2) A long and narrow bag 

>kTI-l': . • MTT: 

( 120 ) 

Kilf -h^R- 

made of palm-leaves, in which the Danakil 

trausport their salt from Lake Assal. (Shoa 

and Dankali.) 
^Tl'i': s. the garbles of corn. Bl. 
"5^1^^: s. improper spelling for >»TCEfc'"'l': 

'hn^rijV-.s. Tigr. 0^*^•■r : Eth. O*^"!':: 

aKavSaXov. astumhlintj-hlock ; trop. a scandal, 

an offence. 
■J^^'n: s. Eth. ^^^'nC^: a tear. pi. Amh. "KT 

P'f-:: Kth. ^f-flO:: Ps. vi. 6. Jer. 

xxxi. 16. 

"ixi-TlAT : and "J^iaArr : 1 Chron. xv. 20. 
Vid. >i9»'flA5-:: conf. also theHeb.bSi. 
^^'5nAJE: Zech. i. 8. Vid. fi!7on^^-: 
hmC: s. ambra. Cant.iii. 6. Vid. ?i9«nC" 

>»'i'flC'l*= s. Tigr. ■i^^•^nCt;" "a^'''^' ""*^'" 

licus. Cant. vii. 3, 
hlttl^: s. lion. PL Eth. ^r-nfl^:: 
>»'?P'l: s. a suckimj-calf. Vid. >,"?«Pi^:: 
^kinH: s. Vid. ?i7oni1:: 
?k'jnn.-" s. a readc-r, one who reads. Matt. 

xxiv. 15. Habakkuk ii. 2. 
KinHC^ s. axbabEro, a sort of Abyssinian 

wheat-bread of a loose consistence, having 

three cakes baked together into one cake. 

If only one side of this large cake is covered 

over with little holes, it is called U-AU'P': 

if both, it is called l^fl^'P': 

'hnn.'X' Vid. ■^•F'a:!'" 

'Jil'IlT^ : s. K?;ni;v,'Ai, a certain plant. 2 Kings 

xiv. 9. 
"fyiUCi^: 9. locust. Ex. X. 4. 
Yv\-V- pron. subst. 2d pers. masc. sing. ; fern. 

?il¥:; Tigr.lfl'^: m. IflTl.: f- Heb. 

nntH m- "^riK f- Ar. ^\ m. ,^f f. thou. 

J^TP: pron. honorif. 2d pers. sing. you. This 
is more honourable than J^TT: but less so 

than >iiCrtfp:: 
■>»f^: & -^rt-P" s. f. Tigr. >kr:: Eth. 

■Jv?**:: mother. 
^f'l': s. vertex, crown of the head. Job ii. 7. 

^i.l.J'iand P,J.:^: honourable title of address 
of servants to their master, subjects to their 
governor, or of any person to a superior 
gentleman: Sir, My lord, sir! my Lord! 

fv'i'Vi.fl: s. supporter of the head; i.q. TTf 

^ilTT: indef. pronoun: the what's his name ; 

as the French chose, German dimjerich, Greek 

'hn'f\-- >»^Yl.:: "i'»^Vl':: impcr. of 1^1: 

•• take ! " 
I^^Tri^: (1) part, of intensity, even, yea, syn- 

onymous with fllVj^:: (2) interj. a/ia.' Ps. 

XXXV. 21. 
^i^1^•A: s. a hollowed gourd used for liquids; 

K''- s- measles. Lud. 
"XT^TJCE-K"- ^- '^ (certain herb, a loced. 
?ki'lni*l: V. n. Eth. AVVfXtl:- to be lame in the 

feet, to halt, to hobble, to claudicate, to limp. 

Acts iij. .3. 

?\'t5Ylrt: trs. to lame, to cause halting, 
limping, claudicating, to maim. 
?i'}V] 1*1 : s. & adj. lame in the feet, maimed, 

halting, limping, claudicating. 
Tx'i'nfh:: ?»^^^L: 3\lVlh: and fh^^nh.:: 

a staff terminating in a sharp pointed iron, 
y^'i^Ci- P^rt. of negation, no ! 
J^^VjVi : V. n. to cry aloud, make a noise, exclaim. 

Isa. xxiv. 14. cf. KfjlrsVi:: 
■J^'}^!^: s. a cherry-like, acrimonious fruit. 

Gen. XXX. 14. Cant. ii. 3. 
"l?»^Vl^: conj.Eth. VnTh " consequently, hence, 

therefore, then. John i. 21 ; '^'lYi^f': dj 

W: "who then art thou?" 
>»"i1n,^fl:id. John i. 22. 
'/FkfiDC,' s. a shame, disgrace, offence, infamy, 

impropriety. Ex. v. 19. Rad.iQid."- 
?»l*PQ)C- ^' ° gfeO'l' disgrace, a highly offensive 

thing, ignominy. Ps. lvi.8: ?iiT(D<f;'?: :^a> 

^ AO : " thou knowest my utter disgrace.''^ 
'ff\,^C,fl,'J'tl: s. Eur. University. Geogr. 
yxlUCft"' 2 Sam, iii. 29. for staff. Prov. 

xxxi. 19. for spindle, 
hnS^i m. Tx'iS.'^- f- num Eth. hthfi,: 

WiR- ( 127 ) 

Tigr.aiJ»j fem.rhTI;:: Heb. im Ar. l^)j 
one. m^: "in one," "jointly," "unitedly," 
"together," ?»'J^: ^IJJ-: and ?l^^^^: 

"by ones," "singly," "severally," "one by 
one," " some," " several." ^il^l J^ : l1 0)- : 
"some persons." Al^lj^: y.m^°^A: 
-OH-: "11: JET'.'^nU'A: "it is useful to 
some, but injurious to many." ?i^^'^.l^: 
T,H.: "now and then," "sometimes." 
'ix'iZ' separable and inseparable part, of com- 
parison, resemblance, condition, and intention, 
serves as a preposition, adverb, and conjunction. 

(1) As a Preposition, it signifies, as, like as, 
like, similar to, according to, in proportion to, 
and the like. Gen. i. 27. iii. 5. 1 Kings 
xxii.3. "KlS^O: (from "Al^: and ^UO 
"like this," "so," "thus," "so much," &c. 
■^kl^H.^: (from-Al^: and PKU: gen. 
of^U::) "as this," "like to this." "hTiR 
H.^: (fromVi^g: and PH.^: gen.of ^::) 
"as that," "like," or "similar to that." XT 
RCft- • " as he," " as it ;" " like him," " like 

it." -hTiK- Q,9K,- or "^IK: "»»j;^: «'^- 
cording to liis will," "as he pleases." "AlK^ 
(D^'C: "°* always," "as' usual." Xl^: 
J^tp: or >i1K: ^A"!:: "according to his 
power or ability." 'K'i^-t-- (from >iTK: 
and P^: or ft'V: "as what.?" "as which?" 

(2) As an Adverb, it signifies the same in 
relation to verbs; e.g. ■^Ci"f'= "S^^K"- ^^S. 
^1: "as he has done." "^IT: "rtlS; 
(Dgj^UQ)': " as thou didst like it." 

(3) As a Conjunction, it has, besides the sig- 
nification of resemblance and accordance, that 
of intention, uncertainty, and condition ; that, 
in order that, to, in order to, so as to, if. ^ilT : 
>»'}^g4"JUah: ,^nAA: "it is said that 
thou hast done it." Gen. xii. 11: a)"fl: 
fht"- "hTiS.- infi"- "fhat thou art a hand- 
some woman." ^ph : "i^'iKiri: " '/ they 
see thee." "5^1:: ^klKlTlil: ni: "say 
tlmt thou art my sister." Gen. iii. 3 : ^^T 

Xl^: fx-iRV: 

t'TD : " that we are no< to eat, and that we 
are not to approach it, lest we should die." 

>iT^: conj, (corrupted from "AlKinO (/^ 

'hn^'U ■ adv. (contr. from "^1^. ' °'' ^"^^ ^^ '• 
this) so, thus. With emphasis: 'ix'iZ^:: 
Gen. i. 8, 9, 1 1, &c. hnZli^'I"- m- " and 
so it was,' or "became." John iii. 14, 16. 

IhlKU"}: from "hTiR- ^^'^ U"*"" '^ '^ "' ^'^■ 

and merely if. PlFl: —■" if ^^ be." 
Vf t» if-T : adv. as now. 

/ioo/), hoop-up, whoop, lapwing (a bird). 

"KlKCl"'"- (froni IhTiR- as, and >»crh: Ae, it) ; 
as Ae or it, like him, like it. 

hnS,fl^- s. roof of the mouth, the palate. Ps. 
xxii. 15. 

"KlS^'t": part, of interrog. (comp. of T^lg: 
as, like, and P^: or E.'t':) as what? how? 
"Ki^,^ : 5^1 : " '«'«' are you ? " Tilg.i' : 
J^KCtl : " I'ow hast thou passed the night ?" 

'7\'}^^'' part, of assertion, certainly! un- 
doubtedly ! yes ! 

"XTR,^'!!^ : s. quality, (seldom used.) 

?\T^""'f': s. any, any thing ; with a negation : 
nothing. MJ^^T: ^IlACDAKT": "he has 
not taken any thing. As a particle of inter- 
rogation, per/iaps ? Matt. xxvi. 22, 25 : Yti 
$^: >»t: >»in: "perhaps is it I.?" 

'hnK'i. ■■ s. (froiu "JVlK : and "hi.: " as I," " like 
me,") substitute, representative, lieutenant of- 
the King or Prince, i.g. ocflAl,: g.v. 

^i'J^l'J* : s. unity, union, re-union, concord, com- 
munion, participation, communication. Deut. 
xxvii. 15; TJ^i'T: in unity, jointly, all- 
together, with one accord. 2 Gsr. xiii. 13: 
pan-i^fl: ^^tl: — : "the communion of 
the Holy Ghost." 

K^^IS:- 01" ^"iR"- h.'iR- one by one, 
singly, by ones or units, several, severally. — : 
T^H.: "every now and then," "sometimes," 
"at times." — : flOp: "some individuals," 
" seueroZ persons." Yld. YviR:: 

hliS,V- adj. tlie first, the only, the single, h. 
f^6,: — : "the eleventh." 

'JhTiRV: ■h'i^'V: 

( 128 ) "ATIA.'H: • • • >»1ltt"V 

'>»^K^f= "* ""■• ''^■'^ "*' f>■o^l'?»^]^: and "hV"- 
tt'iRH.V: from >»1K: and PHLO: gen. of 

^tl: as or like this. 
>»1KH.JP: from >^^K: and PKJ?: «« or 

"h^^^: s. ENDOD, Tigr. fi'Il'l;: the currant- 
like fruit of a certain shrub, which, wlien 
dried and ground, is used by the Abyssinians 
for the washing of linen, instead of soap; and 
it cleanses very well. 

^^^K^H.: adv. comp. of ?^^^: and "JJH,:: 
once. Phil. iv. 16. 

'h'iJ^Q.KG,'- Tigr. a plant which is used su- 
perstitiously, as a preservative, esp. against 
infectious diseases: it is placed into the 
house-doors, to keep the disease out. 

'>k^^: part, of uncertainiy. Eth. and Tigr. >i 
Igo^:: who knows? e.rj. Question, Where 
is my book? Answer, "A'i^: kx^ja, i.e. /c/o 
nothiow. Ps.lxxiii. 13: ^lAl^9": nYlTP: 
>i^j^: Afl-T: ^liJiU^: " and I said, SAouW 
I indeed have cleansed ray heart in vain ?" 

YkTr^: en'dje, part, of exclusion and contrast. 
Tigr. >k9nnC" ^"^' except, save. Is always 
put at the end of the sentence, or behind that 
part of it to which it refers, e.g. Eph. v. 4 : 
"offensive words, jesting and joking, are not 
becoming to you," «^fi;jr: "5^^g:: "but 
thanksgiving (is)." 1 1 : tl VELtiOt} :tj&.:U 
6.: hTiR: ?i^l>V: IM^R-T^a)-: ">»'* 
g-: "do not identify yourselves with the 
■works of darkness, but reprove them." I^fj 

killed all, except three boys." 

>ii'}^'A^'^: s. father of the greal-grandjuLhers 
great-grandfather. Vid, 9"HAT:: 

Ifx^^i.: s. Tigr. 7iTl.«5.:: argobba Tl^C- 
common designation for bread. 

^'jg'"!': s. viscera, intestines, bowels, esp. the 
duodenum. 2 Chr. xxi. 13, 19. Used also as a 
title of flattery towards superiors : IhAS"- ?\ 
I.S't: "™y Lord! my bowels!^'' i.e. "my 
Lord, who is as dear to me as ray most in- 
ward parts.'" This address serves usually as 
an introduction for some request or complaint. 

'XTIA.'H : s. & adj. Eur. English, an English 

>»'1A"1C= °- Pr- Eur. InghiUerra, England. 
2\^;3i.: s. fellow, friend, associate. (Is not of 

common use.) Luke v. 10. Phil. i. 7. 
*'KYli'- s. first milk after birth. Lud. 
^ThCI'C^ ^- "'^ murmuring, grumbling, 


Y\'WV: s. Tigr. and Eth. \\<\^:: Ar. jJLc 
neck of man, animal, or thing; edge, brink, 
rim, margin. Gen. xxi. 14. xxvii. 16. Ex. 
XXX. 4. — r: «t»~«l.cp>: executioner, beheader. 
Mark vi. 27. 

^nl"!'"!": s. sort of oblong beads, black and white. 

■^'5'J^: s. very thin and small cakes. Ex. xxix. '2. 

"l^'jojP: adj. & s. strange, foreign ; a stranger, 
foreigner, traveller, guest. Rad. n]^:: 

'ATiK.y : and 'A'nK.W • part. in consequence, 
consequently, henceforth, hence ; therefore. 
>kT'/£tJ: (DKtl: and lm"lK.tJ: (DiLV: 
"henceforth." Gen. xxxv. 10. xlii. 34. PT?. 
J^U: A^: "the after-birth." 

'/f\1i'^^i''t"- s. state and condition of a foreigner, 
traveller, guest ; j)ilgrimage ; hospitality, lodg- 
ings ; strangeness. Gen. xxv. 8. Acts x. 6 : 
7iO>^- y^'i'^RW: tTOT-lTA: (DS. 
*}^: rtfl)': " lie has come to lodge with one." 
23: "ivTI^i^'/": TfllA^rO)': "he re- 
ceived them (to) hospitality," i. e. " lodged 
them." 32: ■ThQff: 'h'ilRY'f. tfTO 

i TTA: "he has his lodgings," "lodges." 

'7\YX^^C,' s- « green frog. Ex. viii. 2. Tigr. 

tCVY-'V- S. talker, disputer, one ivho quarrels 
about words. (Shoa.) Al. TVhtiJV-: 

"i^TltC!,: s. (Shoa.) a sort oi grass. AI. "jcq,:: 

'K'iTATA: s. a small chain or hook, suspen- 
sory: Rad. mAmA" 

2\'i'Pi^V : s. a mechanic, a man who works in 
metals, wood, or stone. 1 Sam. xiii. 1 9. 

?iTT)Cp,: s. a turner, one who turns on a 
lathe. Rad. ^fiini:: 

"^TtW^: s. sometimes improperly ■^^<I»»1»: 
Tigr.'AlXJil:: Eth. 00:: Heb. ^ wood. 
Often meton. used for tree. Gen. iii. i. 

•■Mr ;»•?<.•, -f.— 3 — ^l. >u,- 1. }, .^ 


( 129 ) 

J'lfl-rVlVlA: . . >iYhJE: 

MK: v. a. Eth. rfilX: to build, construct, to 
organize; to work in metals, ivood, or slunc; 
trop. to edify. Rom. xiv. 19 : "^f^ri«: nt^"^ 
^'J9": lin^lX-: "and in edifying each 

:MK: pass, to be built, conslructed, edified, &c. 
?»«^iR: caus. to cause or order building, con- 
struction, edification, &c. 

2\rK,: s. an architect, a builder; one who 
labours in metal, wood, or stone ; synonymous 
with h."i'V dX' :'. J^Iatt. xxL 42. 

?iTHC- S* expect, view, front, that, which is over 
against. 11 KC,' over against. al. &fV' 
AA.^:: Ex. xxvi. 9. Rad. IR*^: Eth. 

^^^Q.: s. pi. /\>krq.:: Tig.flCiG^:: Heb. 

f]M Ar. i_fiJl nostril. 
"Xl : pron. subst 1st pers. pi. we. 
*"l?i^^^: s. the first milk after calving. Bl. 
hykU^tZ- s- Eth. inf. from ?\'>»oo<',: "scien- 
tia," " cognitio,"" " notitia."" knowledge, judg- 
ment, reason, understanding. HA: — : "a 
man of understanding," "reason" or "judg- 
ment" — : PA.ACD': rt(D': "an unreason- 
able, injudicious person," " a fool." Deut. v. 
29: yniOh: n.inA^O)': ^O: ?i>,«70{^: 
" O that they had such an understanding ! " 
" such judgment." 
■^Vi: interj. O yes! certainly! just so! 
?i^A: s. Eth. person, personality, individualihj; 
and in common language, body instead of 
1 A : : In theological language, it is applied to 
theTlireePersons of the Trinity, wjiich consists 
in pfl't': 'h'^^'V- "Three Persons." and 
these are jP'i^: liti^: "of one substance." 
Matt. V. 29: ?iVi^y: U'ff: "thy whole 
person," for ^AtJ : U'tf- " thy whole body." 
?»YlA: }\TlA: and ?iUA:: v. defect to be 
equal, alike, to amount to. JPOAA: "it is 
alike," "amounts to." av-f-z -flC,: ^UAA: 
"amounts to a. hundred dollars." PO^_p 
UA- " which is equal to," "amounts to." 
"T^YlA: pass, to be made equal, even, plain, 
uniform. PT'OVJA: \&- "it is equal," 

?»flT^TnA"- trs. to make equal, even, plain, 

to level, &e. Geu. xxx. 8: Yl't: ^6^'- 

htrV^Ylfi^- "hath made me equal to 

my sister." Ex. xxi. 35 : T^KD''??" : 

}\fl'rllVlACD': ^"h^^-t-: "and let 

them equally divide its produce." 

■^YhA: adj. & s. equal, half, plain; an equal 

part ; part ; some ; reason, account ; environs, 

neighbourhood. nl'OtlC.: (lYtA: "in the 

neighbourhood of Ankobar." n H. ^: nY> A : 

"thereabouts." Gen. xxx. 27: TiTthA: 

"on thy account." Ex.xi.4: oYVA: A.'^: 

"at midnight." xxvii. 11: RWOflO: "XYhA: 

" towards north-east." Matt xvi. 14 : Wth 

ft.«jnD: " and some." I^fl^ : ODll: TlThA: 

" three Masse and a half." 

Mlti.£t: s. Ar. JUKI Chald. «7''73 croum, 
coronet, diadem, u^reath, garland. Gen. xlix. 
26. Isa. iii. 19: J\ViA.A: pl- "garlands.'" 

'XYl'A.J' : s. an equal portion, a half; the mid- 
dle. Ex. xxiv. 6. Rad. KVlA" 

fiYl dtJEI" : s. walk, journey ; trop. conduct, 
behaviour. Num. xxxiii. 2. Tig. 2\Tn jp P^: 

^'flCXii- s. tlie spine, back-bone, spinal column. 

?vVlfl'"l": s, Tigr. ;J^f :: aunt. Gen. xxix. 12. 

?i^r|j|_: (5_<^f|: a kicking-horse. 

?iYlT: Eth. UYlP: "pigrum esse." Amh. 
non occ. 

^t'Yl't': V. a. to idle, loiter, be lazy. 
ti^XvV' trs. to make idle; to trouble, vex, to 
be burdensome, to molest. Matt xxvi. 10. 
Mal.ii. 17. Vid. ^VlT: sub lit t*:: 

^kVl^n: V. n. Eth. ihYlYl :: Ar. liiu to scratch 
oneself, to have the itch. Lev. xxii. 22 : JPVlln : 
"an itchy person," "one afflicted with the 

^'VlYl : idem, 

KOiVjYl: caus. to make one scratch himself. 
y^YlYiVA.: "it itches or tickles me," "it 
makes me scratch myself" " I have the Uch." 

^KY^ln : and XYl^ : s. Eth. ^n\\:: Ar. IL. 

tlie itching, the itch. Lev. xiii. 6. 
"KYhJE: Eth. adj. bad, evil, malicious, wicked. 

j\rijEriT: ..rrcDi': 

( 130 ) 

f*P(D*: . • . J^Oh^: 

pi. "^iVh^T:: Ps, xxii. 16: P'X'irh^T: 

•jf.'l'i,: "the assembly of the wicked.'" 
hVl^fJ't': Eth. pi. of YlJElX= serpents, dragons. 
Mieah i. 8. 

?kVlK.*'Hi'- s- E'^r- Academy. Geogr. 

?k'l<{.Ji: s. one who causes payment, communi- 
cation, giving, &c., esp. arbiter, umpire. Luke 
xii. 14. Rad. Vi«5.A:: 

^ka^/V•: Vid. OCD'A-:: 

KtOA*!*: Vid-ffiA^P:: 

^iTAS"- s. one who assists in childbirth, midwife. 

KTAJ^f : s. L female midwife. Ex. i. 15—20. 


tvQi'i^'. s. Tigr. t\C'^'- the male of animals. 

— : ^Q: "male fowl" i.e. "cock." — : Q. 
PA: "he-goat" 

?ia><i,: for h.C,*S ■ ivild beast. 

"ixdy-C.: Vid. OCDQ:: 

ii.CD'&'i' s. one ivho causes and orders plun- 
dering, i/t". ^(Sr'i.i: FiT-AijRARi, that 
General in the King's army who leads the 
advanced troops. His dignity and office is 
described by Bruce, vol. V. p. S2. The name 
occurs also Num. xxxii. 17. Deut. iv. 37. 

?i(D'<5.^ri: s. AURARis, rhinoceros. 

fi^CD^i,^: s. a person or thing which brings 
down, makes to descend. 

hay'^'j^'- s. a declivity, a steep, precipice. Jos. 


tt.ay^QT'-^-'P^- ^^^°p^- 

/^(Dfi: to separate, select. 

7\(Bf\Tld,- V. a. to fold the hands together, i.q. 

f^iD'P: v.a.and 0(0*:: Eth. 0*5*: "caviC 
"scivit." to know, to acknowledge, be ac- 
quainted with, to make friendship. Wlien, 
after the first meeting together of persons 
who never knew each other before, they wish 
to contract friendslrip with each other, the 
visitor says to his new acquaintance : "XlT, 
^IJ: iFxQi^^- "henceforth know me" (sc. 
as thy friend). 

-*|«(j)€|>; pass, to be known, to be acknow- 
ledged, renoivned. VJrGi^'- " knotvn,'" 
" renowned," " acknowledged," " famous," 

"celebrated." Ex. vi. 4. 
TTQ)*!*: rccipr. to know, to be known to, ac- 
quainted with one another, to contract friend- 
ship with each other. 
JVfl^fl)'!': trs. to acquaint, inform, notify, to 
• make known, to imblish, to confess. 
TW^z s. (I) one who knows, a person of know- 
ledge, skill or learning, a scientific man, an 
artisan; a magician, &c. (2) ptn^KI: Y\ 
<P<1f : " weight and checks of a balance." Gen. 
xli. 8. T.ev, xis. 36. Isa. xl. 15. 
"^(Ih'f '"t": s. knowledge, science, informationi 

learning, acquaintance. Rad. f\(D'l'-. 
?jifl)'J : part, of affirmation. Etli. >k(D : Tigr. 
'^i'E: and'XP':: A.v.]J\ yes! truly ! indeed! 
true ! 
'7\Gy'\'X"- s. truth, verity, reality, certainty. — : 
lO^: "it is true." —. 'h.SL^tS.I^: 'it 
is not true," or, "is it not true?" IKD^i'l": 
" in truth," " truly," " indeed,'' " certainly," 
"really." Jolm viii. 31, 32, 34—36, 44—46. 
From the Eth. ■^iTDit': Heb. n2?2« Ar. 
^'Lol " securitas," " fidelitas." 
"i^kCD'i'f ?*: adj. true, genuine, sincere, upright, 

faithful. John viii. 26. Gen. xxxviii. 26. 
1?»(D'1't'*$i^: s. veracity, sincerity, genuineness, 

authenticity. Ps. cxii. 3. 
2\(DY1 : v.a. Eth. U(I>Yl : Tigr. UCDTi.: to stir 
up, to move, disturb, to excite, to irritate. Ex. 

y'(J}Yl- pass, to be moved, stirred up, dis- 
quieted, disturbed, excited. 
KflS'flJVl: caus. to create disturbance and 
commotion, to agitate. Acts x\'ii. 8. 
hfflJP: v.n. Eth. OdhPCD:: to utter woeful ex- 
clamations, to bewail, lament. 
y^QiS.- interj. woe J alas! 
7\xk ■ idem. Jer. i. 6 : h'SJZ: 1:1' R : IfJE : 
?i9aAVl: "alas! O my Lord God!" cf. 
*PJ£: and (BP".: 
KGJ'^'r: s. Eth. Oayy-'f.: woeful und pain- 
ful ejaculations, i.q. *PJi3':: 
TUSP^: Eth. OOhJ^:: circle, circuit, circum- 
ference, period. 

hOi^RO^: • . . ?\Hinj^-: ( 131 ) 

hH^'V:.- -J-HH: 

?»(!)' J^'"J : s- threshing-place, the circular walk 
(?i(I>'^ ill which the grain is trodden by 
oxen, out of the corn-ears. Gen. 1. lo. 
?k*PJ^ri : s. AWADAsn, the Debtera or Priest who 
at Divine Service assists in singing and play- 
ing to the liturgy. Vid. (D^rt" 
?kff)J^ K^ = s. a fall, downfall, crash, ruin. Matt. 

\i\. 27. Rad. a).'?^*:: 
?kTJ^: Eth. OTj^: "pra;co, a circumiendo 
(0*5 J^:) sic dictus." — : n^: to proclaim 
in public the orders of Government. Lev. 
XXV. 10: 9WJ^<5fl9": Ylfl^J^T: Hi.: 
YvC^'\•• ntroa^ni^: J\q>^: Ti^: "and 
proclaim in public the liberty of the land with 
its (and of its) inhabitants." ?i*PJ^: \Hi- 
a herald, or officer of Government, who has 
to proclaim its orders in public. Gen. xli. 43. 
Matt. iii. 3. 
?iH: s. Tigr. fhOK"^ « crocodile. Lev. xi. 29. 
?»H A: V. a. Eth. rhH A :: to carry on one's back 
or shoulders, esp. an infant, 
J'H A : pass, to be carried on one's back, and act. 
to carry, &c. Ezek. xii. 6. 
Y^^^im,: s. a sinyer, musician. Rad. H"™^:: 
J^-Hmj^.; s. warrior. Vid. Htrot-:: J^^: J\ 
"H tn}^ : DADj AZMATSH ; literally, " the warrior 
of the door," i.e. the king's officer who, in the 
camp and on the field of battle, lias to take 
his stand in the direction of the door of the 
royal tent. He is authorised to have one 
NAGAREET bcaten before him, and is governor 
of a pro\-inee ; and if he siicceeds, by royal 
favour, or, as in the present state of Abys- 
sinia it often takes place, by intrigues and 
by force, in assuming the government of 
other provinces besides, he is allowed an 
additional nagareet for each province. The 
name Dadj Azmatsii, or Dadjazsutsh, is 
spelled in the Tigre dialect, IE;"1: PiTloq't;: 
Dag Azmat'i; and this some travellers have 
improperly rendered Kasmati. In Abyssinia 
it is often contracted into Dadjadj; but, in my 
recollection, I never heard the name Kasmvti, 
except at Massowa, ^% : h^U "^ ^ : Ka'ny 
Azmatsii, an officer who encamps and fights 

on the right-hand s*ide of the king's tent; 

and "|«5.'H"fl'T': one of the same dignity, to 

the left. Both these latter are inferior in 

dignity to the Dadjazmatsh. 
2\H*-1*: s. Vid. OH*^:: 
iMl.'fl: s. the south-east. Ar.Lj^jl 'i^A*»'f: 

— ': "the Queen of the South (South-east.^ 

Gen. xii. 9. 

?kH^: V. n. Ar. ^^^ to be sorry, grieved, dejected, 
to mourn, complain, lament; to regret, to re- 
pent ; to spare, to save, to withhold. Gen. 
xi. 6. xxi. 12 : ?»'1'H'5: "do not be sorry." 
"i^HIAT: "hsLxepity on us ! " "spare us!" 
^Hl: pass, to be pitied, lamented; to he an 
object of pity ; to he regretted, repented. 
Zech. xii. 10: AflVlC: AS"?""- *l"'^: 
>k^£,:^H^: ^•HY.A:^A: "and as the 
death of a first-bom cliild is lamented, so 
will they lament for him." 
?i'^H5: trs. to grieve, vex, to make lament, 
cause to regret and repent. Gen, xxi. 1 1 : 
1h^°|: ?i."^H^a)':"it<7rJ€t;edliimmuch." 
xxvi. 35. 

^HT: s. Ar. 


affliction, grirf, sorrow, re- 

gret, repentance. Vid. diHI" 

JVH'J'f?': and improperly ?iH'kT?': adj. 
grieved, sorry, afflicted, dejected, pitiful, regret- 
ting, repenting. John xvi. 21. 

Y\Wi : s. & adj. one who is grieved, afflicted, sad, 
sorry, dejected, regretting ; a penitent ; a com- 
passionate person. 2 Chr. xxx. 9. 

^Tf^^: s. any person or thing that makes, go 
round, turns round; turner. Acts xxvii. 17. 
for whirlpool. Rad. H^:: 

?iiHTai)(^: s. any thing which turns round, 
esp. wheel; i.q. ODHfflC" 1 Kings vii. 33. 

?iHH: v. a. to command, to bid, to charge, to 
order, to direct; to permit. Gen. ii. 6: ^T 
K.iJ: rt.A: J^HHO)': "so saying, he com- 
manded him." oosA^UI: "XHTIA*!: 
"command thy book for me," le. "let thy 
book be given to me." 
J'H H : pass, to be commanded; n. to he subject, 

?»HHr: . . . PsflJ-P: 

( 132 ) 


submissive, obedient; net. to ohey. Dan. 
iii. 4: AAl'V: ^-HH: "to you it is com- 
manded.'" Eph.v.l: A^•?■|^^■l^::^HH•: 
"obey your parents." inf. OD:^H■H: the 
obeying, obedience, submission. Gen. xli. 40. 
?iHHf : s. & adj. one who likes to command; 

fond of governing ; imperious, domineering. 
YiH'Jtfi: and ?iH^:: commander, ruler, prefect, 
chief. Gen. xl. 1: PI^^J,: ?iHK: "the 
officer who was set over tlie bread." Luke 
xxii. 52: pao^j^f]: ?iH;H-^: "the chiefs 
of the Sanctuary." 
tMp-. V. a. Tigr. J^indi,: to weave. Bl. 
?iP: V. a. to see, look, behold, to view. inf. oq 
P'f : the seeing, looking, a sight, look, aspect, 
inspection, view, vision. ?iA.EUQ)'7DT : 
"hast thou not seen him?" ?»Ji^: ^lACiy- 
^gu; "I do not recollect that I ever have 
seen (it) him." :^P:^A■■F■l^: "you shall 
(will) see it." 

^P: pass, to be seen, beheld, observed, viewed, 
to be an object of sight; to be in view ; n. to 
appear; reR. to manifest oneself . Matt. ii. 12: 
(lch£i'I"'I": J-JP%(D': "and they had a 
vision in a dream " (sc. by which they re- 
ceived orders). 
j-jpp: recipr. to look at each other, to be in 
sight of one another. Ex. xxv. 20 : &^^ 
Q^ffO: p-J'yp: ^U-i^: "and let their 
• faces be looking at each other." 1 Kings 
vii. 4: h'i^l": YnA'J^«5.(D': P6.: 
^^^■^•: " and each in view of (over against) 
its fellow." Ruth iii. 14 : If: iKD-: Art 
<D»: ^Jl.'ijt'j^y.- "when man was not yet 
visible to man," " before a man could see 
2\iTlP: cans, to cause seeing, to bring into 
sight; to show, to demonstrate ; to render. 
In the latter sense, it is exchangeable for 

?krtT: and T\KCI" "^"^^ '^- S' ^^ 
]\tl'^P:id. to m/ike appear. ti'i'hf"-t\tl 
^P^: "make me to appear to the king," 
i.e. "show me," "introduce me to the 

?kfl^.PP: caus. & intens. to place into sight 
of one another ; to place symmetrically over 
against each other. Ex. xxvi. 19: |JhA'"r: 
!0*l- ntni-Hl-: hfllT^.e-rU: "placing 
two sockets (under each board), so that the 
corner of either is opposite the comer of 
its fellow." 

?»P- ?iP: interj. alas I ah! woe! e.g. *PJZ: 
<PJi:: 2 Kings iii. 10. 

>iJE: interj. of compassion : oh! ah! 

>»y: s. (1) title of tenderness for a father, per- 
haps our Papa! (2) title of honour, our 
Master, less than JSJE"?-: " M'ister." 

"h^Pz and "hP: particle of distribution and 
proportion; e.g. ^v.PU'A-l- : J^flfou"! 
H'fl)': " he set them (made them to sit) by 
twos, two and two together." U-Af: h,P 
^JEA-: ^fH-£%.' "each works according to 
his power." 

^P: as preformative to verbs, serves to form 
participles ; e.g. Gen. viii. 3 : h.Pth.S.- ^».P 
toattfiT": "as it went and returned," 
"going to and fro." J\^A-: "saying." 
Matt. ii. 2. 

^L^U-j^*!^: ra. ?»^U-^«]^^: fem. Jetvish, a 
Jew, a Jewess, pi. JS^lhJE^: Jews. Matt. 
ii. 2. Acts xvi. 1. Rom. ii. 9, 29. 

?»^lf"^l^: s. Jewishness, state, nationality, 
and condition of a Jew, Judaism. Gal. i. 13. 

?t_PA.: an indefinite number, not inconside- 
rable; some, several. ?i^A.: 'p'^: " several 
days," " some time," Gen. xxi. 34. 

?\PC- s- ^VP' o-^^' wind. In Abyssinian cos- 
mologj', ether, ethereal fluid beyond our at- 

?iJE'n: s. cream of milk. Tigr. ?»^P:: 

?k^n'"r: s, large bag made of neaCs leather, of 
a square or oblong-square form, and having 
the opening in the middle. It is used for 
grain, to be carried on animals' backs. 

t\y^: s. AVAT, grandfather or grandmother. 
His father is called P^^V": 'h^-'V- 
whose father is ^tnj'")^: or 'fo^y'"!*:: 
Then follows hog^-V: then VHAJPi': 
and lastly "l^l^A^" 


( 133 ) 

•^K-"^: . . hRO 

?»JE^A: he or it cannot. An expression by 
which, e.ff., a servant prevents visitors from 
molesting his master. ?iJ25'A: iQp: "he 
is not visible" (is engaged). ?»^^"A: (B*^- 
"he is gone out on business." ?»JE3'A: 
t-tpaofii: "sits on business," a decent ex- 
pression for " he is gone to the water-closet." 

?»_P1: s. Eth. Deluge. oqP: — : "water of 
the Deluge.'''' 

J^.JP'^JP'JP': disjunct, pron. each, every one. 
Witirsuifixes: J^.y^J^^l^^'^^: "each of 
us." ^l.JP^^^Ji^^'l^: "every one of you." 
Tx^yiSJ^S/fQP' " every one of them. Gen. 
xl. 11. 

?\,P.Htl: m. ?iJEHn: f- be not dismayed.' be of 
good cheer. I respectfully: ?iJiH(p: be you 
(id pers. sing.) not dismayed ! 

h.^^fiV^ : V. def. negat. he (it) li not, and 
merely, no! ?i^^A^"9": "she is not." 
?kJ£^/MI7°: m. ?»^^Ah«7«: f. thou art 
not. ?i^^Alh9°: "I am not." T\^^ 

you, we are not. 

?i^in : adj. un/lt, imiiroper, unable, unworthy. 
Lev. XV. 16. for impotent. 

?»JET: and J\JE»: s.Tig. ?k1Ep,tp:: mouse, rat. 

ft^fai) : s. an (mouse-coloured, from J^^gT :) 
a^h-coloured nude. 

2\gA: Eth. t\^ti(D" Ar. 3jJ to respect per- 
sons (in judgment) ancZ <o be partial to them, 
to prefer and favour one before another. Ex. 
xxiii. C. 2 CJir. xix. 7. Judc 16. 
^J^A: pass, to be favoured, preferred, honour- 
ed, to obtain a priviltye or udmntage. Acts i. 
17: ARy?": o^l^lA: ■XRtV': \nO 
"and he -was favoured with this ministry." 

■^jl^^: s. portion, part, appointment. Matt. 
xxiv. 51. 

J\ P"A*]^: countenancer of persons, a partial judge. 

hRAQy- s. and 2\JI^A9): 18-: partiality, re- 
spect of persons in judgment. Deut. i. 17. 

J^POD: v. a. Eth. Q^oo: "certum tempus 
alicui constituit." to invite to a meal, visit, or 
, feast. 
j'jijofo: pass, to be invited, to be a guest, a 

visitor. Matt. xxii. 3: p^^oO'-VT: JER 
«J,: HIJ^: "in order to call the guests'' 
(to bid them to come). 

y%J^"^.: a. age of life. Vid. Ojf oift:: 

J'^^tn^: s. an inviler, one who invites. 

2\^«^: V.I}. Eth. 'i^d..- to pass a night, to 
lodge, to stay, to remain, inf. (nj_i^(^: "the 
lodging'' " staying," " stay," " a night's rest." 
'^'5SL'"t'= ?iK4." "how have you (2d pers. 
sing.) passed the night?" RVi'^t^: " have 
you 2}assed the night well?" i.e. "good morn- 
ing!" ngiir: ^K<J.'- "may you have a 
good nijr/ifs rest!" i.e. "goodnight J" ^f^: 
J^KCU": "I have been fasting last night," 
i.e. "went to bed without supper." 
?i*^K«i: cans, to make pass a night, to lodge, 
flKtif : J^^KCV ■■ " may He (God) cause 
thee to pass the night well !" i. e. " good 
night!" Eccles. x. 4. 

tx^C,: the lodging, remaining, sojourn, being; 
the sustenance, rnaintenance. Luke xxi. 4. 
Prov. XXX. 8: AJ^^i.: Pm^JPlTn: "Klg- 
<5.: "the bread which I want for my main- 

J\J^^: s. any thing entrusted to one's protection, 
or care; a trust; a recommended person ; a 
protege; a recommendation. — : ?if°<^: or 
— : ?ifl'i'''Wfn: to deliver in trust, to entrust, 
to put under protection, into an asylum; to re- 
commend to protection. Ex. xxii. 7: oxj-T^tjO: 

rKD-: ?iK«^: a^fC: (DR- (D^: "if 

any man entrusts to his friend." Lev. vi. 2, 
— : K A : " to protect." Ps. xii. 7 : Yt^.i' 
7": nA'Fa^: VjH,^: ^(DAJE^:" profed 
them from (against) this generation." The 
formula : ?ij^^: ?»K^.: is frequently joined 
to an earnest request, or entreaty, signifying, 
"liCt it be most earnestly recommended to 
you!" 2\K<5.: nm: Acts xx. 32 : A">iT 
KJ^-flfh-C: ?*K^: rtT5'^:S.AU-: "I 
commend (entrust) you to God." yR6-- A 
5^": " son o{ protection," ^'protege," "hostage," 
2 Chr. XXV. 24. 
hJ^C- s- rest. 1 Kings xv. 22 : in}17°: ^^Jf 
C^- h^^RA: "let no man receive rest." 

>»j^C: -^KT: 

( 134 ) 

y-Rl: . . t.$:1- 

>»3^C: November. Vid. UJ^^C" 
2\^<J.ri : s. Hw sitting-house, sittiny-room, par- 
lour, that house, or place in the house, where 
visitors generally are received. Isa. xxii. 8. 
Rad. K<rt:: 

?»K^.«?^1: s. an act, action, a great work. Ps. 
cxxvi. 2, 3. Rad. TxR^I:: 

?»KO '• '^- iict. <o do, jierform, to make, to act, to 
accomplish. Vid. ^d^:: 

h^iM,: s. the doer, worker, performer, labourer, 
workman. Matt. ix. 37. 

?iKrt: v.n. & act Eth."- Ar. i^3J^ 
Heb. tt5^ri <o be neiv; to renew; to renovate, 
restore, reform; to innovate. Ps. li. 10 : ^J^ 
f|: imp. " reneiu .'" 2 Chr. xxiv. 13 : ?\_l^|"|': 
"they reneived,''^ '"repaired." 
^K rt : pass, to be renewed, renovated, repaired ; 
refl. to renew oneself. Gen. xlv. 27 : pi 
QXi-- rh^ffl-l-: :rKrt^: "the life of his 
soul was renewed^ Eph. iv. 24. 
YiJ^^tl'. trs. to renew, &c. 

h^fl: adj. Eth. thZtl: Tigr. fh^fi: Ar. 
ci-o J,&. Heb. U/^Tn new. Rev. xxi. 1, 4, 5. 
J^_g'fl: Vl.^1: "tlie vVeu; Covenant," "the 
New Testament." 

^kE fl^'^l'- ''• newness, novity, novelty. 

f\5lj[\'. s. a renovator, reformer, repairer, inno- 
vator. 2 Kings xxii. 6. 

*/\^fl : V. a. to lay wail for a prey. Lament. 
iv. 19. 

Ji^(pr|r| P: s. an open space between houses in a 
town which is used for trading, a little mar- 
ket, (the proper market-place is 10.^:); « 

iiS.\- v.a. to hunt, to chase. Gen. xxv. 27. 

la^'i- s- chase; game, venison. Gen. xxvii. 4. 

?»^1>«5- and h^-H-do-. Tigr. ?ij^T^i.:: 
s. a bean, beans. 

^J?^: s. a hunter. 

j^j^jp-^: s. Shoa R-A^" a red, blue, or che- 
qiiered stripe on the edge and through the 
middle of clothes. Vid. ^<5,:: 

hgl: to grow. Vid. ^.1 ■' 
a^l: v.a. Eth. "reliquit," "sivit." Tigr.idem. 
Amh. non occ. 

^J^T: trs. to make relinquish, to deliver. 
Deut. xxii. 27: Po^-XKP't"i: ?i'\^T 

^■•y : " she found none who delivered her." 

2 Sam. xix. 9. Gen. xlix. 25. 

hR^- "lA: to Tnake a military excursion; to 

invade ; to war, to carry on war. 1 Sam. 

xxvii. 10. 1 Chron. xiv. 13. 2 Chron. xxii. 1. 

?»K<i.- ■^^ °' to be unclean, dirty, filthy, spotty, 

nasty. PK<i.: A'flfl: adiXy cloth. James 

ii. 2, 

J"gr5_: pass, to be made unclean, &c. 
t\^^&,: trs. to soil, render unclean, filthy, &ic. 
Jobvii.5: on^-t:T7«: h'lj^is.TAr: 
" for it soileth even the dirt." Cant. v. 3 : 
1hn?Jl-: ?>i«1^^TAU': "how shall I 
soil it?" 
"l^^Q,: s. dirt, filth; sweepings; spot, stain. 

Deut. vii. 26. 
?i^: s. (1) corn, rye. ^g: ^^.^l: " chaff of 

r^e." (2) beads. 
7\^' s. (1) o /or(7e eleplmnt. (2) a Zar<7e /usi of 

an elephant. 
>kg-. s. Eth. "Xj^:: Tigr. ?».^:: Heb. 1^ 
Ar. 3^ Aanc?. — : ^uj ; "to kiss one's hand" 
as a mark of respect. — : awy^: "present 
of an inferior person to a superior." — : fLH: 
"a pair of tongs," lit. "a substitute for the 
hand." — : Y\^^: "to take possession of 
any thing," 1 Kings xxi. 16. Also: portion, 

i.?. "XX-S.:; ^9 U-ti^- y*^- "twofold," 
" two portions," " double." 

2\g9": Ar. |»^ and h'^t^: ^a^ " bar- 
barus, qui non est Arabs." This designation 
is given by the Arabs, esp. to the Africans, 
and still more strictly to the Persians. In 
the sense of barbarian, it is found Col. iii. 11. 

^j^J*: s. handle of an axe, or any other tool. 

T\$Ji'' s. Ar. aJU-I a pot or phial for fluids. Isa. 
V. 10. 

"5S^T : adj. & adv. much, very, considerable and 
considerably. y%§^: la>: "it is much." 
■j^g-rj: ou^ViTn:: >»g-<7: Yl^: "very 
good ;" " very bad." 

^S'T»' ^^^'' ^y the hand, towards the hand. 



( 135 ) 

h<tilH: . . .ft^"i: 

s. a sleeve. P«t»o^f|: — : "the sleeves of a 

shirt.'' Matt, xxiii. 5. 
"SSlIA: s. a quidam, somebodi/, such and such a 

person; similar to J^l'l"'}:: Matt. xxvi. 1 8. 
hlAIA: io serve. Vid. Itiltk" 
M£ilA: s. a sort of bread-baskets, al. ^9" 

2\nA^^: s. a servant. 

h'hfi/P- s. a talker, disputer, one who likes to 

contradict and dispute trifling matters. 
J\^a^l r v. a. to scarify, to cup. 

^'jao; pass, to be cupped, scarified. 

^I^IOD: caus. to cause, order, or prescribe 

cupping, scarifying. 

hlC- s- Eth. UlC: Pl- ?iiW>C"- ^■"y inhabited 

place or country ; country, toxcn, village, fem. 

tvM't^:'. TATC- countryman, native, citizen, 

fellow-countryman. ?iT^: T}^- and ^1^: 

T}^- "governor ""chief," "prince" "ruler," 
or "lord of a town, village, or country." 

and of lifeless beings. PTAQ: — : and 

TAn"IC= "*''® ^^^^ of the linseed plant," 

i.e. "flax." 
T\\'dJI^&^^^^^' s. one ?«Ao murmurs, quarrels, 

disputes; a murmuring, quarrelsome person. 

Num. XX. 10. Rad. 1'i^an^tro : 
"S>"l<i?: s. a footman, one who walks on foot. 
"^"ICI- ^^^- ^y the foot, toward the foot. s. the 

foot-end, place where the feet are. 
?i*JnC= ^- ° bedstead, with poles on the four 

corners to hang curtains on. 
?iTl'n: s- propriety, duty, equity, right; that 

which is proper, seeming, becoming, right. 

2 Thess. i. 3. 
Ihi'J"'fl3.f\' ®- °'* over-curious, saucy person. 

Vid. T-n>n :: 
^■^•i^: and i\t°^' s. uncle. 
ix^-l". s. skim milk. 
Yxiy-.tofind. Vid. T5":: 
K7H: v.a. Tig. thlH." fo support, to uphold, to 

hack, to sustain, to assist, inf. oqTH; the 

supporting, support, sustenance, aid. 

"^'IH- pass, to be supported. 

Tx^lH'' caus. to cause or order supporting, 
upholding, &c. 

Y\3H: to imprison. Vid. ^H- 

?»^H.T: s. wild goat, Capricorn. 

'S\"IH.7^: s. Eth. Lord, master. Is applied to 
God in translating the Greek Kvptoi, the 
Heb. r\yT] Ex. vi. 3. fem. TiTH^i-Y : lady, 
mistress; title of the Virgin Mary, >iTH>k 
^i : " Our Lady." pi. njWH -t- : " lords.'' 
"AIH.^: "O i^ord/" for hlVP:: Had. 
TH2\: Amh. ^^:: 

>l^H^l'n'^»>C" egzIabeher, s. God, from >kT 
H.T\' 'fld^C- "Lord of the country,'' i.e. 
" Lord of the world." In the Scriptures, it is 
so translated for the Gr. Kvptoi and the Heb. 
nin"> and i:i'-it«5 Lord. It is used more fre- 

quently than ?i«;da^!:: 'S^IHLJ^-flrh.C: 

?i«?"A5ri : " the Lord God." — : JEoufm; 

"God be praised!" "thanks be to God!" 

n— : ^$^K"- "by the will of God," "if it 

please God." 
^IHTi • s. //ie domineering, tyranny, despotism, 

domination, oppression. Ex. iii. 17. 
?i3m|: s. assistant, supporter, sustainer, helper. 

Rom. xvi. 9. Had. t\\H". 
i^n^'P*- s. JS-] pools, sloughs, swamps, marshes. 

Isa. xiv. 23. 
?il5^: s. tube, pipe, hollow stalk or cane. Ex. 

XXV. 31. Lev. xxvi. 26. Pfl'lYT-C^: — : 

" sugar-cane." 
?i3;3^: s. baker. Rad. 31^:: 
J^^cp.: s. the maxilla, cheek-bone. 
T\1ei,&: s. door-keeper, i.q. fli^t':: 
^x"!: v.neg. Eth. 'i'V^: to want, not to have, 

not to find. :JJKA: ?\01lh: "/ had no 

power." -flO: hT?=e: J^ATHlh^T": 

" as I had no money, I did not buy it." Gen. 

viii. 9: fl^d,: "flj-"!: "as she had no 


J-Ti: to he absent, to be vxinted, not to exist, 
not to be found. 

?»iiTl«Tj: caus. to produce or cause want, non- 
existence ; to deprive. Ps. xxiii. 1 : pu^ 

^"l: . >i,tClrl: 

^I'n^Tn: PA^D: "and there is none, I 
who makes me tvunt (any tliin")." 
?!«): Eth. :JT?i: "impius fuit."° 

2\i1'Ti : <o declare impious, xvicked, a sinner, a 

criminal; to accuse, chrirfje with offences. 

Matt.xxvii. 12. Rom.xi.2. 2 Kings viii. 3. 

Deut. xix. 16. 

h'VC,: s. an extract from aromatic plants, an 

etheric oil. 
^im4: v.n. Eth. -JX^: Tigr. ^R^:: Heb. 
"^^i? ^^-j^ to be short, diminutive, not long. 

?i'^fn<: trs. to shorten, cut short. Ezek. 
xxii. 4. 

hVC.: hedge, fencing, fence. Matt. xxi. 33 

Vid. 2\»C:: 
ft"M: s. publican, custom-officer, collector of 

taxes and tribute. Matt. v. 46. 
?imn: to wash. Vid. 7\Rn: and ?k0n:: 
K"in:? 2 Sam. ii. 22. 'n'P^^C.i^i.-.y^'i 

V»Tn^: s. the imshing. 

?»fni : V. a. to burn incense. 

rlrni: pass, to be burned (of incense). 
^"IT: 3. frankincense. 
?\*Tj^: s. accusation. Luke xxi. 9. 
J^fni-tl: s. </ie sic?e. Gen. \i. 16. xxiii. 9. 
fiVd.: s. a destroyer ; adj. destructive. 
?iCR,: fo (^ine fn marriage. Vid. EEl,:: 

J^ep-C^ s. 'f X,£^:: Ar.^^jLcJ s^or^. Lev.xxiii. 23. 
?iCDLJ^: V. a. to cut off, to mow ; to reap, to gather 
in the crops, inf. oqgj|,^; the mowing, cut- 
ting, and the mowing instrument, i.e. sickle. 
Gen. viii. 22. 
Zt'CQ.K: pass, to be mowed, &c. Gen. x\v. 6. 

Ex. xxii. 6. 
?k'niCEI,K: cans, to cause or orrfer mowing, &c. 
?i0blj^: s. </je mowing, gathering in the crops, 

the harvest. Ruth i. 22. 2 Sam. xxi. 9. 
?^^^: s. reaper, cutter ofcrop^. Matt xiii. 39. 

Had. ?ktaK" 
^tOfl: s. the etsh'ege, supreme Head of the 
regular Clergy, and Chief of all the monas- 
teries in Abyssinia, whose residence is at 
Gondar. He ranks next after the Aboon or 

( 136 )<Piin:...:!funi 

Bisliop, but has no autliority to ordain, or to 
perform any sacerdotal functions in the 

?i.ft.f|: ^atl: and 2\.A.fl*^fl: s. Gr. im'- 
(TKOTTos. Bishop, pi. KAfl*ii'l-r: and 

2\jR.og^: Vid. ?\Otnj^:: 
hR*;: to be short. Vid. hmd.:: 

?».OlR«^: to shorten. Ps. cii. 23. 
?i»C: and ?iGC: igh.^yC.: Gen. xxxviii. 29. 
AX*;-. V. a. (hX<: to fence in, to surround icith 
a fencing or hedge. 

J'X*^: pass, to be fenced or hedged in, to be 
surrounded with afenceor hedge. Cant. vii. 3. 
^'^Kd.: caus. to cause or order to be fenced, 
liedged, encompassed with a fencing or hedge. 
KR-C: s. a hedge, fencing, fence. Ps. Ixxx. 11. 
KXtJ.*?^-!!: s. carpenters" work; work of any 
mechanic, esp. work done with the plane or 
chisel. Ex. xxxi. 5. Had. X^H: 
?»Xn: Vid. Aen:: 

?iK'n,^: s. the day-break, morning. Matt. 

xxWii. 1. Had. XH:: 
?iR■^■1-: and A'P'i'^: s. Etii. OR-TD;: Tigr. 

Ar. Ui; Heb. Dl'J^ 607? e. 

?kX«5.: v.a. Eth. ORd.:: Ar. .Jij^ "flexif 
to fold, to lay together in folds, as clothes &c. 
Num. xxiv. 10. 
HrKA,'. pass, to befolded. 
?\ORd.: caus. to cause or order folding. 
>»R-^: s. a fold; a portion, ratio, a time, a turn, 
repetition. tm'V: — : "seven/oW." Ps. 
Ixxix. 12. tviR: — : "onefold," "simple," 
"simply," "once.- U-fi^: -.- "Uvofold," 
"double," "twice." 
?iR4.^= s. one who sweetens, seasons, spices ; 
a sweetener, confectioner, a cook. 1 Sam. 
viii. 13. 

AOO^S": s. a fisher, hunter. Matt. iv. IS. 
Rad. OOD^:: 

?i0n: v.a. Eth.-^en: to wash. inf. oijg^: 
the washing, ablution, dilution. Gen. xviii. 4. 
:JrBn: pass.& refl. to be washed, to ivash or 
to bathe Oneself, inf. m»^grj-j .. 



( 137 ) 

?ka.^fi: . J^rJJJ-: 

^l*^0n: caus. to cause or order washing, 
?i9n.: s. washer, halher. Mark ix. 3. 
?k9'n?\A: s. Atsab'al, name of a sort of trees 

whicli grow in Abyssinia, 

KQ.: s. Ar. Ky and J Heb. nS mouth, orifice, 
inlet. Gen; iv. 11. xlii. 27. Num. xii. 8: 
T^Q.' AQ.: "mouth to mouth." 2 John 12. 
2 Sam. xiii. 32: n?kril1.rt°7n: ?i^: "by 
the moidhr i.e. "at the command, of Absalom." 
tvA,: ll-M': afa negus, the mouth of the King, 
i.q. 3»A: riift: k' al iiatse. Vid. Bruce, vol. 
iv. 448. Not only the Kings of Abyssinia, but 
also Governors of provinces, have an officer 
called AFA NEGUS ; who, when his lord receives 
any person in his tent or at his house, stands 
by liim, with another officer, while he is sit- 
ting, in order to pronounce his orders or 
observations to those present, and to do him 
any occasional service, e.g. When eating, 
drinking, or answering certain requests of 
nature, they have to spread their clothes 
before him, in order to protect him from the 
look of curiosity, and especially from the 
superstitiously dreaded influence of the ' evil 
"ihi^: EF, part, of blowing. — : t\t\- to blow, 

to aspire, inspire. Gen. ii. 7. 
?i^Ari : s. expeller, one who expels, causes to 
emigrate. Jer. li. 2: mfl.A"'}: A^: t\Q.. 
Al^^: Tirtj^^AU': ,P<!.AflT^«^A: "and 
I will send expellers against Babylon, and 
they shall expel her." Rad. dl^Art " 
2\£5,«» : V. n, Eth. 'iA,d,:: Heb. "Ipn Ar._^ 
to blush, to be ashamed, confounded, to be shy, 

2\i^<5,«i: trs. to make blush, put to shame, 
confound. Ps. liii. 5. Gen. xxxiv. 7. 
T%.ii,i- s. & adj. modest, shy, ashamed, con- 
founded, blushing. 
^k<i.C• ^" ^<^''^^^> '^"*'' 'rubbish, mould. Gen. 

xxvi. 15. 
*Y\' s. weapon. Job xx. 24. 
T\Q.Q: s. afIjro, in Shoa, a servant of the 

King's minister of foreign affairs. There 
are about three hundred af)";rotsii in that 
minister's service, who have to wait upon 
foreigners as their guardians, and to convey 
any messages from tlie minister to any direc- 
tion he pleases. 

TUQ.&'fl' s. a destroyer, breaker, miner. thT: 
ll\^&<Y\- "one ivho breaks (transgresses) the 
law." Rom. ii. 27. Rad. (5,4^:: 

?i6.^3*: n. pr. Africa. 

lF\Q.dJt-. s. i.q.'iQ.d,^" Luke iv. 23. 

J\aC'JS.: s. (1) i.q. ^O^: a -'^'■«"^*. i-e- 
European; esp. a Roman Catholic, in dis- 
tinction from >»'i°lA.TI: "Englishman" 
or "Protestant," frCf fI:^^^:: (2) Red 
Cayenne pepper, which grows in abundance 
in Abyssinia, and very extensively enters 
into the food of the Abyssinians. 

?».Q.'^ri : s. one who jjours out, sheds any fluid, 
casts, founds. ^9": — : "one who sheds 
blood," " kills." Ps. v. 6. P«?"fl A : — : " one 
who casts, melts images," (the goldsmith, &c.) 

?».^i*n"l7'}: Gr. aip'ivdiov, absinthium, worm- 
wood. Rev. viii. 11. 

"/^k^"!^: s. a large cup. Bl. 

?iQ^^: s. a gallop on horseback, &c. 

1?»^^: s. the bloiuing, fanning, aspiration, wind. 
Isa. XXX. 33. Rad. "X^:: 

?iG^^ : s. sheath, scabbard, 

?i^n: Ar. jjjUJI pi. of ^JtJ branch. Isa. 
xvii. 6. 

ihi^'lEq.: s. the nose. Num. xi. 20. 

"txQ^ : s. a certain measure of solids, a double 
handful, an much as one can take in the hol- 
low of both hands joined together. Lev, ii. 2. 

tvQ.7\-. Eth. adv. outside, abroad, without, Amli. 
o^^:: esp. a private place, necessary, out- 
side the house. 

T\G^^: contracted Ethiopic plural for h^ 
OO^^: from the sing. <5.0(I>: a serpent, 
viper. Job xx. 16, Isa. lix. 5. 

?i^P''J: s. Ar. ^^^I opium. 
^^K:- Heb. -tlD« the ephod of the Jewish 
High-priest. 1 Sam. xiv. 3^ 


?»a.nifi:. .In: 

( 138 ) 

^: ..-r^A: 

2\^fnfl: Ar. Jjail fiat-nosed. Lev.xxi. 18. 
Y\^^' s. the rim of a precipice. 


Yl : ^^5.: Kaf, the seventeenth letter of the 
Amharic alphabet, is pronounced like our k 
or c before a, o u, and consonants. 

It is an inseparable particle, prefixed to 
other parts of speech in the character of a 
preposition and a conjunction. 

(1) Vj — : as a preposition, expresses an 
origin, separation, difference ; and may ge- 
nerally be translated with from, of, out of, 
and the comparative ivith llian or to. e.g. V| 
1(^: an fTi y. : "I came from town." Yl CiV : 
T'PnAlhl': "I received it from him." 
YlH«: ^"^- Tij'f: ?iL*9"rt1: "let me 
taste a little o/this meat." Ti^lV: Yli: ^ 
nA"lA: "he is greater than I." tro^H 
■H: Y1"'OM'TO'T: ^ilAA: "obedience 
is better than offerings." YlCl'l"- ,PA^: 
"more than he." Tv^'V: YlTflPT: ^T 
•Y A : " a mouse is smaller than an elephant." 
A°A.: Yl1:^a^: ^^«'IA: "the servant is 
inferior to his master." YllFA": ^^: 1 
(D': "is worse i/ian all." YllYOh: 0)^^ 
5^1-: P>»"lH.?i'n(h.C: R:J: 't-ffl^^A^f-: 
" the grace of God is jnore desirable Man the 
friendship of man." 

It is frequently connected with postpositive 
particles; e.g. "nCS^^: HIJ^: "from him." 
Tni.: ^6.: "with me." Vil-T: fllT^: 
"wnrfer thee." YlA'i^: n«I»C= "without 
(excepting) you." Yl?': nd.'t-: "6e/ore us." 
Yl9"^C= nAii: "above the earth." YlC 
•Y^fl)': nU.A: "q/i'eT- or 6eAiHc? them." 

(2) As a coNJUxcTiox, it is used (a) some- 
times to connect numerals, signifying and ; 
i.n. "T — : e.g. aa-f-: VjiyniY: "one hundred 
and fifty." 

(b) It is prefixed to verbs, and interchanges 
with fi — : if, whether, hypothetically, espe- 
cially when two sentences are connected to- 
gether, one of which is hyi^thctical, the other 

conclusive; e.g. 1 Tim. v. 10: Vji^i^l^.: 
"whether she has brought up." 20; V]^ 
Vy. "if it is not," "unless it be." ?iTl': 
IIAYiaYIAU"?: TKOU-'t" " «/ thou 
hadst not prevented me, I would have done 

Yl : is prefixed to verbs in the present tense, 
signifying, instead of, lest, than. Ps. Hi. 2: 
*n1: ilVnC: 'l-(Dig-AA«: " indead 
of speaking (whereas thou shouldest speak) 
well, thou deceivest." Prov. xxv. 7 : ffiS 

H«:Yia.: nA:-n"rnA:.p«iAAr: m 

T-M*: ^ft"- Vl'li'SP^J^: "for better it is 
that it be said unto thee. Come hither ; than 
that thou shouldest be put lower (be humbled) 
in the presence of the king." Eccles. v. 5 : 
n^flgifpi: JzHaA: TflAtJ: pa^lv?. 
jtOD(i>.: Yl-Y-in: "better it is that thou 
shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest 
vow and not fulfil." vii. 5 : P-n^ithfV'i: 
fntUiO: cnjfitnj.>: _priAA: sYaV: PlYV 
G^^'T;: ounilA: Yl.lY"^: "it is better to 
hear the rebuke of a wise man, than for a 
man to listen to the flattery of fools." Luke 
xvii. 2. 

YlHA.: Eth. adj. & s. Amh. J'JE:: mighty, pou-- 
erful, able. Luke iii. S. Rad. JlilA:: 

\\HjSi.: Eth. inf. of JlUA: the being mighty; 
mightiness, might, power, ability. 2 Chr. xx. 6. 

Yl*lA.V'r: s. might, power, ability. Dan. vi. 26. 

Triyj: s. Heb. jHS Ar. ^if a priest, pi. V^y 
f'^-:: Gen. xiv. 18. xL 50 : A.«f: Viyf" 
^: and P'r\'i}^^: Txti'^: "High-priest." 

Vltli^: s. priesthood, sacerdotal office and dig- 
nity. Ex. xl. 15. 

YT.A: adj. stupid, dull, silly, sottish; an idiot, a 

JlA: imper. prob. from YlA?i: Eth. "prohi- 
buit." away ! go away ! get thee hence ! 

1r|_/\:v.a. Eth. Yl'rhA:: Heb. 't TO kr.'JJ' 
to taint the eyelashes irith cohol. Vid. Yl^'A:: 
T^A : pass. & refl. to have the eyelashes (and, 
as e.g. in Shoa, the eyebrows) tainted with 
cohol. Apoc. iii. 19. 

Yl'-A:. •YlA.K: 

( 139 ) 

VlrhC : . f^i^- 

1n^A:s.KWEL. Eth. Yl\"hA:: Ar. J^ cohol, 
a black powder, the chief constituent of which 
is probably antimony, and which is used 
throughout the East by females, as a colly- 
rium, to tinge their eyelashes black, in order 
to give more expression and brilliancy to 
the eyes. In Shoa, the ladies, besides black- 
ing their eyelashes, shave their eyebrows, 
and taint them with this powder. 

TnAA'fl: adv. heartily, from one's heart, earn- 
estly, seriously. Gen. xxiii. 8. 

Yl'-AA.'t': s. Heb. m^B Kv.'iAi rein, waA 

reins, kidneys. Ex. xxix. 13. 
^A. V ■ s. a sausage. 
^nA,"^: Eur. s. clime. 
In tki'' s. cholera. Ar.^^1 ii^. 
IriA't^T: n.. pr. (1) Chalcedon, a place in 

Asia Minor, where a General Council was 

held. (2) a chalcedony (a gem). Rev. xxi. 1 9. 
VhA'fl: s. a hook in a wall for hanging things 

on. Ex. xxvii. 3. Ps. cxxxvii. 2. improperly 

for " willows." 
1n,ATI^ : s. stupidity, idiocy, mental debility. 
Y*tfTL^- L^t- s. colony. Acts xvi. 12. 
YlA!l£t.fl: adv. from the soul, i.q. VlAA-fl:: 
VlAYlA: v.a. Eth. YlA?»: Tigr. 'TlA?*.:: 

Heb. t<73 to hinder, prevent, to prohibit, to 

forbid. Gen. xxiii. 6: pai^1nA^A«: 

p/^fjo; "there is none who will j)revent 
thee." Matt. xvi. 22: JiYlA^A^B''?": 
^on^: " and he began to hinder him." 
TITIAYIA: pass, to he prevented, hindered, 

forbidden, prohibited. 
?kflYlAYlA: caus. to create hindrances and 
difficulties, to cause being prevented or pro- 

JIAVIA: s. hindrance, obstacle, preventive, pro- 
hibition, interdict, stoppage. 

YlA^^: s. a hinderer, prohibiter, one who hin- 
ders, prevents, stops, prohibits, forbids, esp. 
doorkeeper; i.q. tld.^'-- 

\\£i^y.'' s. a thing prohibited or prevented. 

Tnih.K: i^g- ih-g: and Eth. YlPg: to go, to 

walk. Lev, xxvi. 21. 
Y]rh£ : and Iri'lt^: Eth. one who denies; an 

apostate, renegado, a recanter, an infidel. 

2 Chron. xix. 2. Had. \\!hS.: Eth. 
^rh£'^: g. i.q. YlR'V" denial, recantation, 

apostacy, infidelity. Acts xxi v. 14. 
tiaiJ^P-f : fem. of Yl'hJi." ^ Chron. xxiv. 7. 
Y|Oi^A: Enr. chamomile (plant). 
Yiao/ : V. a. <o heap, board, accumulate, amass, 

to pile up. 

•J»'jriau^: pabS. to be heaped up, otC. Ex. 

• xxii. 6; Micah i. 6. 

J^flYlOTJ^: caus. to cause heaping up, accu- 
mulation, &c. 
5n9"C= s. the accumulation; a heap, mass. 

Micah i. 6. 
*Yl^9^'"l'«5 : 2 Sam. v. 24. for mulberry-tree. 

The Arabic IaS signifies a fat wild ass. 
Y|aq^: non. occ. 

?iTn"9'F: v.a. to collect, to gather, bring to- 

'VY^ o^^- pass. & refl. to be collected, gathered, 
to gather (themselves) together. Gen. i. 10. 
xiv. 3. Acts iv. 26, 31. TYl'^l^'ta)': 
sometimes 'rYl"'JJ21T<D^: "being col- 
lected," " together." 

Yicro'}: Ar. .,„jS cumin, caraway. 
Yiao'T: s. idem. Isa. xxviii. 25. 

Jioqi: Ar. jSS pi. of J calyx of a flower. 

Yl,in|^_P : Ar. tUji^ Gr. ')(TJne!a, chemistry, esp. 
"ars chrysopoetica," alchymy. 

Tn9"Q.C= Eur. camphor (medicine). 

Yi^6^0 i-q. Tn*fd.C" 

^u£j^: s. Tig. and Eth. Vl»^J^: neck. Amh. 
neckerchief , necklace of men; any thing sus- 
pended to the neck. 

V»i.: and Ifl-^: from tlfl^: (q-v.) generally 
sensu malo, to be precious, and to think one- 
self so, vain, ambitious, puffed up, to be proud, 

T7v w of; 


vn "»'Y1 

13: ■Y'Yl'^.n^AlJ: "and thou art proud." 
"overhearing" Vb£;j-^ll-«?0: ?iL't'fh.^9" : 

" and you shall not walk proudly," Micah ii. 3. 
T 2 

Yl'C:- ■^Ca*: 

( 140 ) 

UCT:- •Trill: 

Yl'C: adj. & adv. inoxul, haughlij. })resu7nptuons, 
self-conceited. Prov. xii. 9. xxii. 24. 
T>£^: 8. A.r.j^ n smillis hearth or furrje. Prov. 

xvii. 3. Jer. xi. 4. Ezek. xxii. 18, 22. 
Yl^^OD: V. n. to uinter, ^jq.w the winter, i.e. the 
rainy season. "S^-JJi^: Yl«^«q^-U': "how 
have you passed the rainy season ? " This is 
the first question which is addressed to each 
other, by persons at their first meeting after 
tlie rainy season. 

?^flYl i^JTo : caus. to came, enable or allow to 

spend the rainy season. n^Uf: ^ftVlC 

Tntl: "may He (God) cause thee to pass 

through the rainy season in health ! " 

Y*C,^"t- s. a young stallion. Shoa, /^ThA" 

fl^iyn^; s. Kr:R.vMT, winter or rainy season, 

lasting from June to September. 
Tn<^r^: V. a. to twine or twist, to be tivisted or 

twined. Eccles. iv. 12. 
ilCft-Y-fl: n. pr. Xpivros, Christ.^'i: s. Christian character and profession. 
P— : KH'^: "god-father." P— : Xf-r: 
"god-mother." p — : £%.'^: "god-cliild. 
ilCl^^'^- ®- it^cm. Christianity. 
VlCfltJ?"!: s. n Christian, pi. YlC.UX?^'^" 
fLT: VlCflUPT: and contr. n-tVlfl^: 
"house of Christians," i.e. "church." pi. ItvTl 
JPT: ilC^'t^T't': "churches." 

YlCrtf : Ar. i^ji Heb. ilODp a sort oi grain, 
perhaps spelt. Isa. xxviii. 25. Vid. Lccs.v. 

Yl6(t'ii'£nf*tl: Gr- XiOi/croVpao-of, chrysoprasus, 
a gem. Rev. xxi. 20. 

TnCfL: s. myrrh. Gen. xxxvii. 25. Matt ii. 1 1. 

'n.^-n- Heb. ir\2 cherub. Ezek. ix. 3. 

Yl.<.flA: Heb. D"^nTO cherubim. Gen.iii. 24. 

lr>Cn^: Ar. j3 a whip, scourge, lash. Acts 

xxii 24. alTxti.'i^" 

Yl^jJ.^: s. pride, haughtiness, arrogance, inso- 
lence, presumpluousness. Ps. ixxiv. 23. 
Yh<5.'"l:' •■ -A-r. tjL]^ sca^Jon (a plant). Num. xi. 5. 
ilCTtl- s- Gfr. xa|07T7J, Lat. "charta," paper. 

^0=8. Eth.and Tigr. Yl^Cf^^"- "brachium," 

elbow. Rl. 
51^.^5':: PCD'h: — : (i'o(7^» <oo//i. 
Tfl'-OYl'-i'"!': a.a]<.mdoiwhealenbread, baked 

in the same manner as PP:: Bl. Vid. ^P" 

't'Tni.Yl*^". V. recipr. to dispute, to discuss, to 
debate, to quarrel. 
YlCX^C,'- s- o dispute, discussion, quarrel. 
*YlC.iM'' s. bar. Ex. xxxv. 11. beam of a 

building. Eccl. x. IS. 
Tnh"«^Y>'«i: V. a. to scrape on the ground with 
tlie feet ; to tickle. 

•flYl'<5.YT"«^: to move on the ground, to 
go on rollers or ivheels. Hence, atJ^Yl" 

i.'nr-c.: q.v. 

YlCXiQ: s. an animal similar to the Uft 

at}: q.v. 
*VlCy^C.- s. " merces aurigarum vel vereda- 

rioriim ex conducto." Lud. 
Yl"£^Vl'"i."l' : the scraping on the ground; the 

Yl'-CYlP: s. a fat straiu basket. 

Yl«5Vnj^: Ar. Ooi^ gemma similis rutjino sfw 

carbnnculo. Golius. Ex. xxviii. 19. 
Yli^P: Amh. non occ. Eth. "fodit." Ar. ]i 

" mercede locavit." 

'fVl<5.P: io hire. Ex. xxii. 15. 

Txtl'f'ni.P: to let out for hire. 
Yi^^: s. Ar. K hire, rent. Ex. xxii. 15. 
Yl^^flX't': s. purse, bag, pocket. Deut. xxv. 13. 
Yt'd.^' non occ. 

hYi'i^d,' V. n. to snore. 

^lIiV^■<^<5.: caus. to cause snoring, to madden. 
Zech. xii. 4. 
'tY'CSi^: s. the snofring, raging, madness. Gen. 

xxxi. 28. 
1^»«^£J,;^: s- a hillock, hill. Gen. xlix. 26. Ex. 

viii. 14. 
Tfl'^C^.P^ ^- '^^ snoring. 
1r|_fj: s. a ball, tennis-ball. — : T^lfflT: " to 

play at tennis." 
Yl"!: v. n. to be and become lean, thin, meagre. 

PYIiII : lean, thin, meagre, sickly. Gen. xii. 3. 

hfiYi«1: . Yirtrt: 

( Ul ) 


^flYrTl' caus. to cause and produce leanness, 
meagreness, to emaciate, to enervate. 

'^ take a ransom, retaliation, to retaliate. 

1T^: s. an equivalent, a satisfaction, retribution, 
retaliation, ransom. Ex. xxi. 30. Lev. xxiv. 18. 

Y*f*: s. Kos'so, a beautiful Abyssinian tree, 
growing on the heights of Semen and of Shoa : 
it yields that medicine which is more in use 
among the Abyssinians than any other : it is 
the flower of the tree which has an anthel- 
mintic virtue, and is constantly, evei7 two 
months, taken by almost every Abyssinian, 
against the taenia, the all-prevailing com- 
plaint of that people. A minute description 
of this plant is given by Bruce, vol. vii. 
p. 181 — 184, who, in honour of Sir Joseph 
Banks, called it " Banksia Abyssinica." The 
disease itself, wliich also is called Kosso, con- 
sists in the taenia or tape-worm, which is 
accompanied by other sjiecies of worms, and, 
if not evacuated every t%vo montlis, causes 
serious bowel complaints. Its real cause is 
unknown; but the whole Abyssinian diet 
seems to predispose the constitution favour- 
ably to the generation of the worm ; for 
European travellers, who during their resi- 
dence in the country kept up as much as 
possible their native diet, have been pre- 
ser\"ed from this complaint ; while those who 
entered into the diet of the country, sooner 
or later cauglit the taenia. Other Abyssi- 
nian remedies are the 9'3ECL9°PEi.: and the 
oxf-flfiq.v. 'The90IXl,«7nj,it:is, by many, 
preferred to the Kosso, because it is less un- 
pleasant to the taste; whilst others prefer 
the Mussanna, because it is said to destroy 
the tape-worm entirely. 

Tlie wood of the kosso-tree is very excellent 
for furniture : it is used by the Abyssinians 
for gun-stocks. 

Yl ill A: s. charcoal, \\1ien burning, it is called 
0,10: "live coal. Prov. xxvi. 21: till A: 
QJipi'i: '^»^P^n4: "as coals increase 
burning coals." 

Yl rt rt : V. a. to accuse, charge, prosecute in jud'j- 

merd, to inform against. 

•l^Yl t\ rt • pa»s. to he accused. 
In Ori : s. accuser, plaintiff, prosecutor, impeacher. 

Acts xxiv. 8. 
JT^^: s. leanness, thinness, meagreness. Isa. 

x. 16. Rad. YT^:: 
YT'fljh^: s. rubbish, sweepings, dust. al. HQ 

1^:: Isa. xxxiii. 11. Rad. Yl-flti^: Eth. 
Yl^flYT-fl'^t': s. a kettle; a water-pitcher. 
YliT.: adj. & s. lean, meagre. 
Yl^'I.P: s. KwEsHAi, a medicinal plant. It is 

burnt ; and its ashes are strewed upon ulcers 

and boils, to heal them. 
Vl'fl : adj. round. Had. Vl fl fl " 
VlYl.: s. circumference, fence, circumvallation. 

Ezek. xvii. 17. 1 Sam. xvii. 21. 
ll'TI : s. circumference, surrounding wall or hedge. 

Isa. xvii. 1. i.q. ffo'flU'fiy:: 
Yl^riAA: V. a, to fly, to -fee, to run away, to 

desert. Gen. iv. 12. 

^ilVllAA: act. to roll about, to revolve, 
turn round. Luke ix. 42. 

"nYinAA: pass. & n. to be turned, revolved, 
rolled, to revolve, to roll. Judges vii. 1 3. 
Tn"nA^: s. a fugitive, deserter. 

Yin*^: v.n. Ar.jAi" "magnus fiiit." to be ho- 
nourable, venerable, respectable, precious, costly, 
dear, magnifc, glorious, to l)e honoured, &c. 
PYin<i: " jtrecious,^'' "glorious," &c. John 
xiii. 3. 

?»Yin<i: act. to honour, respect, revere, vene- 
rate, glorify, to value, to distinguish. Gen. 
ii. 3. 
?if8Vinir^: caus. to make honoured, cause to 
be honoured, &c. 

YinC:s. Ar.^ hand-drum. Ex. xv. 20. 
VlfhC" adj. honoured, valued, respected, glorious, 

magnific ; costly, precious, i.q. PYlfl^" 

2 Sam. i. 19. 
VlTJC- ®- I'onour, glory, magnificence, respect, 

high price, value. Gen. x!v. 13. Ex. xv. 2. 
Vl'fli'r: Ar. \^J>i sulphur. Amli. J^l:: 

Isa. XXX. 33. ' 

In-ncr: •.TnT«jq: 

( 142 ) 

HrTii : . . TTn-n : 

ll'flCf = "• virginiti/, maidenhead. Dent xxii. 

Tr» 'fl h : s. swelling of the feet. Lud. 
Yl n n : V. a. to surround, encompass, encircle, to 

go round. Gen. ii. 11. xlv. 1: Yina>"'l': 

5nC: " had surrounded,^'' " were surrounding 

him." inf. trojin-n:: 

"TYinn : pass, fo be surrounded. 

?iifiYinn: caus. to cause being surrounded, 
Yl'fl'lt': s. property, esp. cattle. Gen. xii, 20. 
Trhfl't': s. dried cattle-dung, used for fuel. 
Yl-^TnhH: s. a middle-sized sort of grasshoppers. 

Lev. xi. 22. 

lnn£: V. n. Heb. "123 to be heavy, u-eighty ; 
trop. to be important, serious, sedentary, respec- 
table, opp. to *1»AA :: Gen. xviii. 20. 
?».YinK: to make heavy, to aggravate, to ren- 
der important, serious; to molest, tease. 
1 Thess. ii. 9. 

Yin.^: adj. heavy, iveighty, important, serious, 
sedentary, respectable ; troublesome, tedious. 

Ifl'S-: 1 consti*. of VlT^: used adverbially, 
fully, completely ; ever, whatever, at all; and 
with negat. never, nowise, not at all. Gen. 
xxviL 36: Yl-t". At: n<iTn->: K^tl'Pd.'U 
^^50'}: "hast thou not reserved for me 
any blessing whatever ?" 

Yl^J": s. a waistcoat with short sleeves, not 
much in use. 


'I'Vj'l': pass, to be accomplished, n. to be whole, 
entire. Lev. xi. 28: ^tf: U-A-: f^-^: 
" all this without exception.''^ Ps. xxiv. 1 : 
9"J^C- 'i'^'3'- "the ivhole, entire earth." 
Ifi^ : Engl. s. coat. 
YlTA: non occ. 
TlriTA: med. to follow. Matt, iv. 20. 
?vfllYlTA: caus. to cause, make, or order to 
follow. Job xiv. 7. 
"h-t-A.^^: adj. Catholic, fem. Vl-f-A.ll^->:: 
'r\-^f\,'ri%^: WV: tlCSlXy^- "catholic 
Im-"^: S' '^« camp of the king, or a prince. 

with his army ; residence, capital of a country 

or province. Gen. x. 12. 
Yl.3"ll: and ^Tl^'fl: a hill, note, esp. a paper 

written for superstitious purposes ; a talisman, 

amulet. Rad. i.,,.^ " to write." 
Vl'X^'VCi^' s. a. horse or mide, which is 

chequered white, red, and black. 
YlT'T: V. a. to finish, to make ready, accomplish, 

to suit, make fit, esp. to gather the grain into 

the granaries. 

TVi'TT: pass, to be finished, &c. 

^kflYn"!": caus. to cause finishing, gathering 
in the grain. 
Vl^'^: 7\t\.' to be finished, be ready, &c., i.q. 

1t1">:?\KO: ?-9YTt"r:: 
il^^J s. accomplishment ; collection, gathering 

in, esp. of grain ; the crops, harvest, granary, 

Deut. xxxiii. 1 6. 

Jl^'i: Ar. LLjUS' linen. Amh. PTAmC-" 

Ezek. ix. 2. 
5n"*t"ln J": s. a certain tree of firm and durable 

wood. Amos ii. 9. for "oak." 

Vl,f C: Heb. "1*123 Ar.^lls" a sort' of lyre or 
guitar. 1 Chron. xvi. 5. 

Yl5fl: non occ. 

'TYlfifl: v.rcfl. to cover, to veil one's head or 
face. 1 Cor. xi. 4. 2 Sam. xv. 30. 

Tnin.fl: Eur. s. "cannabis," hemp. 

Y}'i'P- s. vanity, adj. vain, gratuitous. Eccl. 
i. 2. nYn'F: "in vain,"" "vainly,"'' "for 
nothing," "gratuitously."" Gen. xxix. 15. 

in^'C'l'^ s- '^ ^vart. Lud. 

'l«'i'i;i'i''r: s. Eur. continent, i.e. contiguous 
land, in distinction from sea and islands. 

Yl'H: v. a. to judge, esp. to condemn and to 
punish. In Ethiopic, it signifies, besides this, 
"to be a judge," "to govern," "to reign;" 
hence ouY^T? : " governor," " prince," 
"judge." In the Amharic, it is used almost 

- exclusively of the judgments of God, esp. the 
Last Judgment and condemnation. 
"V'ft'W. pass, to be judged and condemned. 

— .-^ Y — 




JsflYl'H: . . . *n<J.70 : 

( 143 ) 

lm«5.C:- • VlK^: 

?iflY>"H: caus. to brinri to judgment and con- 
deinnidion, to be a cause for, to cause judg- 
ment and condemnation, to be condemnable. 

Tn-lf A: "every sin which is not for- 
given, causes (divine) judgment and con- 

YT'II: s. judgment, esp. condemnation, divine 
punishment, ilernal damnation. 

Yn^T: s. a sort oi grain a little larger than 
wheat, belonging to the same genus. Bl. 

InlCDl: non occ. Eth. TYIJEIiCD: "arte ela- 

?kYira)i: V. a. to order, to do sl;ilfully ; to 
give success. Gen. xxxix. 23. Luke xxii. 13. 
"TYlfffl^: pass. & n. to have success, to suc- 
ceed, to prosper. Ps. xlv. 3. 

Yl5^: V. a. to measure with the cubit. (VTiS"") 
Jer. xxi. 37. 

"TYllfi: pass, to be measured with the cubit. 
?iflYlY^: caus. to cause to be measured with 
the cubit. 

Yn^: s. arm, esp. fore-arm; and, as a measure 
of length, a cubit. The Abyssinians have no 
instrument for the exact length of this mea- 
sure, but endeavour to determine it by adding 
more or less to the natural cubit of the mea- 
surer, according to its length. A man with a 
long arm measures merely from the point of 
his elbow to the top of his middle finger; one 
with a middle-sized arm measures the same, 
and then turns round the finger to the point 
of its middle knuckle ; one with a short arm 
adds the whole length of the middle finger- 
On an average, eighteen inches may be said 
to be the length of an Abyssinian cubit. — : 
"TflTHC- "one-and-a-half cubit,''^ "one 
cubit and a span." 

YnKC- ^^- J^ ^' f^<inkincense. Cant. iv. C. 
Amh. O"!"!:: 

Vn^: s. Heb. F]33 a w'lng. Ex. xLx. 4. 

Vn4.'/°: 3-^J' ii^inged, supplied with wings,used 
of birds, insects, and figuratively of houses 
&c. ^■^i:},'?": rt«l»A: "alargeo6/on(/ house 

thatched with straw, in contradistinction to 

Vl'tl : I'l'i'A: " a large round house thatched 

with straw." 
Tn'J^C" ^' ''/'• ^'■""' ^t/jre, shore, brink. Ex. 

XXV. 24. Deut. iv, 48. Ps. xii. 3. 
YV'T^Tt: Tigr. s. a small sort of knobby roots 

growing wild in the fields, which the poor 

people use to dig out, and to live upon, in 

times of scarcity. 
*YlVi: to grind roughly, to break corn. 

TTli^ : pass. 2 Sam. xvii. 19. 
Y>il : s. ear-wax. Tigr. WffiP" 
Y>1l : s. Ar. • ji^ a peach. 1 Chr. xiv. 14, 15. 

for □■'1^33. 

• T ; 

TfiYl-fl: s. Heb. nD'i3 Ar. i^li"^ star. pi. Yl 
TVl'f!'"!":: Gen. i. 16. 

Yl nil : adv. comp. of Yl — : and PH.tJ : from 
this ; hence, from hence, from here ; here. 

Y1H..P: adv. comp. of Yl : and Pli,^: from 
that; from thence, thence ; from there; there. 

1l.El4-: s. goose; al. ^•n<5.:: 

YlP^: Eth. i.(j. di.^: Amh. 

'V'^ PR- recipr. to make a contract, to st'ipulate 
a treaty, an alliance, a covenant with one 
another. Ex. xxiv. 10. Isa. Iv. 3. 

Vig: v.a. Eth. !riA^g:: Heb. HTO " occultavit," 
" retinuit." to deny, negate, to disoiun, abne- 
gate ; M^"^ r't-T : — : " to deny one's faith," 
"to apostatize." Gen. xviii. 15. ]Matt. xxvi. 
31—34. 70—75. 
't'lrj^: pass, to be denied. 
?»fl^.^: caus. to make deny, lead, induce or 
force to deny. Mark ix. 42: KIJ^: "fi 
VjjEj: "he who seduces one to apostacy." 

Yl^: V. a. to deny. Lev. vi. 2. to persuade, 
seduce, deceive. 1 Kings xxii. 22. 

YLS.: v.n, Isa. xxviii. 27 : ?\^YlJ^9"r: for 
?i.pYl PJ^T^r: " for - . . it is not trodden 
out,'''' " not threshed.'" Ylg: Eth. "calcavit," 
"incedit," "ivit." i.q. Amh. rh.K= ?•'-'• 

Yl JE^JLW : Ar. ,j~jji a sheaf of corn. Job v. 26. 

VlK'T: s. Eth. VlfhK'l'- clf^nial, abnegation, re- 
cantation, abjuration, apostacy. Lev. vi. 4. 

TnKtV: . . 1n<?.A: 

( 144 ) 

?i^^A:. •Yld.T: 

ViK't*?': ^i- & s. a denier ; one who denies, re- 
cants, abjures; an apostate. Prov. xi. 9. 
Yl^l: V. a. to cover, to veil. inf. OdVij^T: the 
covering, veiling ; hence ooJrj^jP: (j.y, 
TYIK^: pass, to be covered or veiled, enve- 
loped; refl. to cover or veil oneself. Gen. 
xxiv. 65, 
J\flYlKl: caus. to cause or order to be veiled 
or covered. 
Yljlji: s. treaty, covenant, contract, alliance. Gen. 
XV. 18. "nA-JE: — : "the Old Covenant:^ the 
O. T. 7\^t\ : — : " the New Covenant,-' N. T. 
^•A: — : "word of contract,'" and merely 
"contract.'" — : — : iq : "to enter into a 
contract^ ov " treatyr Jos. x. 1. 3>A:Yl.^'i: 
T;M^(D': "He made a treaty (a league) 
■with them," 2 Sam. v. 3. YXJ^'k: ^P^hxd,^: 
" the covenant of mercy." Yl^i : OfjQygo ; 
"covenant of Mary," i.e. the covenant of 
mercy, for the salvation of mankind, which, 
the Abyssinians pretend, God made with 
Mary immediately after the fall in Paradise. 
Trh^Trh-J^: non occ. 

TV>°,^Y1"J?: v. n. to be afflicted with the 
dropsy. Luke xiv. 2. 
^^i s.^xiT. cape, promontory. Geogr. 
114,: '^•^- Tigr. "n^JV.: to be bad, ill, evil, 
wicked, malicious, &c. In comparison, it 
means, to be worse. Gen. iii. 1. 
TTn4.«i: recip. to bear ill-will to each other, 
to hate each other, to qmirrel among and to 
offend one another. 
?iflYl«J.: caus. to make bad or worse ; to irri- 
tate, to excite to anger ; to have evil conse- 
quences. Gen. sxsi. 24. 
Yl^: part, of elevation. — : Txti- to be high, 
exalted, elevated, lofly. — : PO^A: and — : 
^A: "Ai^A," "exalted:' "elevated,'" "lofty:' 
— : ^i^^l: and sometimes — : YxflT- "to 
raise," "elevate:' "heighten," "exalt.''' 
Yli/f^: adj. & s. Tigr. *?1^'A:: bad, ill, evil, 

malicious, wicked, immoral. Gen. ii. 9. 
1n<5.A: V. a. to divide, to part; to separate; to 
communicate; to pay. Gen. i. 6 : ^?ld.A: 
"let it divide:' " separate:' 

/i^d.A: intens. to divide, to communicate. 

Luke xii. 13. 
't"Yl«i.A: pass, to be divided, parted, separated, 
paid ; refl. to divide oneself, &c. Gen. ii. 
10. Ex. xxi. 35. 
T^<i,A: intens. to divide, and recipr. to 
■divide among each other.. Ex. xxi. 35 : <PJ 
(I>17D: ?»i1'r'hVlAa>': jE'hd.A'^: 
"and let them divide its produce in equal 
parts among themselves." 
1n«?.d.A: intens, to divide completely. Gen. 

xxxii. 7. 
?kflYl<5.A: caus. to cause or order to be 
divided, communicated, paid. Deut. xxii. 
19: JPflYl^A-^: "they shall 7nake him 
TYltJ.'i.A: P^^®- intens. to be completely 
divided; reiter, & recipr, to divide fre- 
quently, to divide and subdivide ; to divide 
among one another. Acts ii, 2. 
!n^A: s. a division, a part, portion, share, a 

Yiei,A- Tigr. a part, esp. half a massL 
'fi&.C' s, an open straw-basket, narrow at the 
bottom and wide at the top, and able to 
contain about ten masse, 
Yl^'f: V. a. to open. 

"VXl&jV- pass, to be opened; n. to open. 
Gen. iii. 5: t^^f-Tlh: 'K^J^t-Ylti/f: 
" that your eye will be opened." 
7\flYl&.'t"' cans, to cause opening. 
Jfl^^: s. & adj. the opening, hollowness ; open, 

hollow, opposed to ^-^l: q.v. 
Yl^ J*:' s. height, elevation, highness, eminence, 

loftiness. Gen. vi. 15. 
^4""r: s. evil, badness, malice, wickedness. 
Ylt^'^: s. opener, one who opens. 
^ (^^ : s. that which opens (n.) ; or pass, is opened. 
Yl^l: v. a. to cover a corpse with a funeral-cloth 
or pall. Matt, xxvii. 59. 
ttliijk- pass. 
?ii1Yli5.l: caus. 
Yld]l: s, a funeral cloth, with which a dead corpse 
is covered previous to his interment ; a pall. 
Num. vi. 7. Also, a funeral. 2 Chron. xxi. 19. 


( 145 ) 


Vl(5.*5 : nnd YJ'^*? : s. the small-pox. Amhara 
6.T^"l:: Tigr.nR,^:: 

Tn<i,.E: s. velvet. Bl. 

YlrJ.^: s. one ivho divides, a divider. 

Yle^ji.: s. fi division, portion, fart. 

Y14JP: Ar. Lla^ a svfficient quantiti^. 2 Chron. 

XXX. 30. 
Yl'^P'l': s. a cap. BL 


*Tfl: "^^J ciiAF, the eighteenth letter of the 
Amharic alphabet; is pronounced like the 
German and the Scotch ch, e.^. in Loch. It 
is often confounded with the other aspiration- 
consonants, and sometimes with the Yl : from 
which it is derived. In the Tigre language, it 
constantly interchanges with "ifl:, similar to 
the Hebrew 3 with and witliout the Dagesh. 

T] ATi a : pl.Tl aTi. A : : Ar. J^ pi. Ji^U^ 
a female ornament tcorn on the ancles, a brace- 
let of the ancles. Isa. iii. 18. 

TlA^: better *Tl-A^: Ar. Iii- Heb, "tVn 
mole. Lev. xi. 30. Vid. IhAK"'- 

*Tl A^l: Ar. ^J^^ pi. of ^li. canal, channel. 
Isa. xxxiii. 21. 

"TlCl ■ ^^- '^j^ chameleon. Lev. xi. 30. 
TlC^'fl : A.r. t—J J^ capers. Isa. v. 2. 

*T|£^T.^: Ar. (Jf>-,=- a sivarm of locusts. Lev. 
xi. 22. 

Tlfl: Ar.(^l. Lev. xxiiL40. Yid.f^fiJM:-. 

"Tlh'TOA: Heb. 'pntiPr Gr. xa^oXtfiavov, elec- 
trum, deemed to have been a substance mixed 
up of glass and gems, and more precious 
than gold. Lee. Ezek. i. 4. viii. 2. 

fVij^-.iorVi^i India. Esther L 1. 

Tti"?!: 8. Ar. ^^ a peach. Al.VhIl:: 
"TlTC" Ar. .lli- low ground. 1 Kings vii. 46. 
■^qp^gu; Ar. J^^ pl- of *jli- sea?, stamp. 

Isa. iii. 2L 
'TlTl,'^: Ar. i^^'l^ pi. of L'U- an inn.tavern. 

Acts xxviii. 1 5. 

"TI'H'TIH: Ar. gpt/Jb shaking of a fruit-tree; 

fumuft of war; griping in the bowels. Isa. 

xviL 6. 
"TlJP: better Tiy: ?•?• tl.P: twenty. 
"TlE: Ar. ^]S^ a kite. Lev. xi. 13. 
'Yl^'TlJ^: Ar. iVaJji a houp, lap-wing. Lev. 

xi. 19. 

(D: TS^: wawi, the nineteenth letter of the 

Abyssinian alphabet, pi'onounced like w. 
— T: suffixed pronoun possess. 3d pers. sing. 

fern, her ; e.g. n,^*P: "her house." 

— fly": (1) suff. 3d pers. sing. masc. (o) nominal, 

to words ending in the 3d, 4th, 5th, or 7th 

order, e.g. (m^CI>': (or flll^P:) "his 

guardian." •1,^(5>^: " Ais master." n«i,(D': 

" his ox." (6) verbal, where the verb does 

not terminate in the 2d order, e.g. o^tttl 

a>: "he returned /iim." ?iiP'f'(I>': "she 

saw Aim." ou^UQ^: " thou beatest Am." 

fli'Il'lf flh: " I guard, observe him." (2) eu- 

phonism, affixed to the same nouns as the 

pronoun, discernible only by the context. 

— T — : infixed pronoun 3d pers. sing. masc. in 

verbs before the auxiliary 2\A: e.g. _P(i>^ 

<PA: "he knows it." «5.i;f|*PA: "it is 

broken." 3*00 "IT AU: "thou wilt bring 


(p : suffix nominal and verbal, 2d pers. sing ho- 

norif. e.g. gi§_g): " your child." rtmU^: 

" I gave you." 

I q»A: v.n, Eth. <DOA:: to pass or spend tJie 

i day, esp. tiie middle of the day, between ^d, 

j ^: and onDf|..-|.: i.e. from about 10 a.m. to 

sunset. The form of salutation at meeting 

during that time is.gur: TAU1: "hast 

thou passed the (mid-)day-time well ?" &c. 

Gen. XXV. 27: jiffl-A: ittQ: "passed" or 

" spent the day." 

?k*PA: trs. to make pass or spend the day. 
OKUr : ^POhA^lh: " may He cause you 
to spend the day in health 1" i.e. "good 
day r form of salutation at parting during 
the middle of the day. 

TA: ...TOIAK: 

( I-IG ) 

^iTAK: ••'ra)<;.: 

YA: o chamois, s. Ps. xlii. 1. Gen. xv. 9. impro- 
perly for TAJP: "turtle-dove." 

CD A": s, sleeves of Irowsers or breeches. — : ff- 
i: "short breeches!'' 

Q)A°: or QhAf : wello, name of a Galla tribe 
inhabiting the country between Lasta and 

Q)AA: s. purified honey, freed from wax. 
Luke xxiv. 42 : paiJC,: (DAA: lit. "of the 
honey mass, the purified substance." 

(D£iAz s. a room (porch ?) Acts iii. 11. 1 Kings 
vi. 36. 

(D AA> : s. a dance. 

<DA9^: i\ii' to be dislocated, ivrenched, sprain- 
ed, to be out of joint. 

fl)A.*'^: Ar. iu^. a meal, feast; esp. a nuptial 

feast. Isa. xxv. 6. 
fl)A9^5'' ^- dislocation, distortion. 
Q)Art: v.n. to be unfair weather; esp. rainy, 

<I)A.fl: adj. rainy, dull, cloudy, unpleasant, (of 

the weather). 
fflA*!*: V. n. to slip off, to slide, to drop from. 

Deut. xix. 5. 

?ifl)A^: trs. to cause to slip, to make glide 

or drop, to pull or shake off. Gen. xxvii. 40. 

(DAI : s. a sort of hair-pin, or scratcher, made 

of wood, of horn, or of silver, sometimes 

very neatly made. 
(DAnT: s. black cow or ox (Shoa). 
TAi^: s. a shield of soldiers. (2) a round disk 

of wood in the inner top of a round straw- 
roof, in which the rafters join together. 
G^AT5: or ihA'^'i- Eur. s. volcano. Geogr. 
(DA (DA: V. a. to scour with wet substances; to 

besmear; bedaub; overlay; to pave. 
(DA(DA: a. pavement, a paved room, a court. 

Ezek. xl. 17. 
q>A^: s- « turtle-dove. Lev. i. 14. improperly 

*PA-" g-v- 
(DAK: ^- ^ ^^- '^i ^^^- ""-T '° generate 

engender, to bring forth, to bear (a child), to 

procreate, to breed, &c. Gen. iii. 16. iv. 1. 

•f (DAK^ pass, to be born, &c. Gen. iv. 26. 

?i*PAE: intens. to assist in child-birth, as a 
midwife. Ex. i. 16. 

J'ifKDAK: caus. to cause generation, to make 
bring forth, &c. Isa. Ixvi. 9 : n(D'i«*- 'h.i-' 
A.A(D'Tf: paiifi(DA.K': "M.: ?\A(D 
AJC9«'J: JiAA:>i"IH.?infh,0 I^^l^o 
cause others to generate, should I indeed 
not bring forth? saith the Lord." 
(DAJ^: Eth. s. Arab. A^:: son, especially the 

second person in the Holy Trinity. Used 

also in Christian names of persons; e.g. 

(DA^: nC^li^A:: (DAK: otjC.P'}^: 

"Wolda Michael," " Wolda Maryam," &c. 
(DAK*: i.q.(Df\S^: e.g. —: ?vtl^: "she-ass;' 

Job i. 3. — : l^'^ : " a bearing woman," " a 

woman in child-birth." Isa. xxi. 3. 
(DA^: ni. (DAK,'^': f- progenitor, genitrix. 

pi. (DA^'Y*: parents. Luke xviii. 29. 
*PA3: s. a certain beast of prey in Shoa: to 

what family it belongs I have not been able 

to ascertain. 
TAiK": Eth. one. Vid. ?\^K'" 

KTrhK: ^^^- '" ^nite. 

TTAK^ P^s. /o be united, esp. used of the 
two natures in Christ. 

•rTKK= Vid. s. (DKK- 
(D9"nC: Vid. (D^nC- 
(D9"d.'t-: and (D1<5L'V: s. Tigr. angn^^: 

a four sieve. Vid. OTJ-J^^P;: Rad. 1«J,:: 

(DA"T: and (D"A"T: s. Ar. la^j //le interior 
part, the inside of any thing. IKD'J"''?': 
" witliin," " inside," " internally." Gen. vi. 6. 
(Dtio' s. a report, news, tidings, rumour, account, 
information. Gen. xxxvii. 14: CDO'T(D'1: 
"Yl^^: "tell me their news" i.e. "news con- 
cerning them." 'Jfoi; G)do- ?iA: "what 
is the news?" 

?ii(D^: verb-denom. to bring news or tidings, 
to report, make known, to publish. Gen. xlix. 
21. Jer. iv. 5. 
T(D<5.: pass, to be reported, published, rumour- 
ed, made known. Acts xxi. 26 : T\,P'V 
(D&.'- "as if was known," or "as he was 
informed;' 2 Chron. ix. 6. 

(DC: •®4^f": 

( 147 ) 



<DC:s. Eth. (DC^: Tigr. (DCT." Heb. m^ 
month. The plural, ©(J.'t': is used as a sin- 
gular with the signification of time. Regular 
Amh. plural fflC'^F": occurs Ex. xii. 2 : _pO: 
(DC: Pa)C¥: U-A-: onogoo^y: ^Uhf 
!pU«: "let this month be to you the first of 
all the months." P(DC. : o«r| ^p : " the enter- 
ins of the month,'''' " new-moon season." 
<pi : s. WARi, a little blue bird, of the size and 

form of a sparrow. 
Qi^a,: V. a. (1) to tickle, to crawl, produce a 
prurient sensation. (2) to phmder. 
?i(D<i^<i: trs. to make plunder; esp. fo lead 
the plundering troops. Vid. T^QP&'i'- 
(Dd,tl'- ■^'- a. Ar. c£^j Heb. CJ^ to inherit. 
Gen. XV. 3: ^(DCflVetL- "will be my 

"■ heir." In Abyssinian jurisprudence, it has 
also the peculiar meaning, to confiscate the 
property of a criminal, and to deprive him of 
his liberty. In Shoa, this has its degrees ac- 
cording to the extent of the crime ; e.g. a 
criminal may be enslaved himself, but his 
family (wife and children) may retain their 
liberty; or he with them may be condemned 
to slavery ; or, as is frequently the case, he 
and his family and descendants are con- 
demned to slaverj^ for seven generations. 
In that country (Shoa) no class of persons 
is exempted from this law, except the royal 
family ; to which, for some reasons, it cannot, 
and for others it needs not to be extended. 
t\(Dd.f^' trs. to make an heir, to bequeath. 

(D^n : s- f>eir. 

(D*^ri: s. inheritance, heritage. 

(DC/fi s. gold, and sometimes money. Gen. ii. 
11. xiii. 2: OiC/P'. HP: " cloth wrought 
with gold,'' 2 Sam. i. 24. 

Q)j»«|>'f: s. Ar. Juy pap)er ; esp. a letter. 

(DdS* '• ^- ^^ animal similar to the capricom 
or wild-goat. 

(Ddt*: s. favour, complaisance. Gen. xx. 13. 

(DC^: s. the forefoot of animals. Lev. vii. 34. 

(|)4»^|^; s. a small pointed cutting instrument, 
a lancet. 

(D'CT^: S' °" '***'* ^''"* 2*^^^- ^^' ^' 

a)^V- s. one who reports, brings news; a pub- 
lisher of news, a reporter; sensu malo, a tell- 
tale, a story-teller. 

(DCyi- WARKA, s. Tigr. and Danlcali j^OQ:: a 
large tree in Abyssinia, similar to the syca- 

(D^Q)^: V. a. to throw a dart, a javelin, a stone, 
a ball. See. ; to bolt, bar. Gen. xxi. 20. 

GyCVi' s. an archer, shooter, thrower. 

(D'C®^" ^- " tf'^o'^' <^°s*- ^^^ ^^- '^^ '• PS 
TI^jp: — : JPtlA: "about (the distance of) 

a stone's cast''' 
(Q^IJ^: V. n. Heb. TV to descend, go or come 
down, to alight, inf. OXJCD'^J^: descension, 

T\Q)^Z '• a^*" '** niake descend, to lower. 

'Wd.Z' pfiss. & refl. to be lowered, brought 

down, humbled, to humble oneself, inf. oo«p 

d.^- humiliation, lowliness, humility,hw and 

dejected state. Lev. xxiii. 29. Luke i. 48. 

TxV^K- ■h'S- io humble, bring down. Deut 

xxvi. 6. 
TT*P^K: intens. of T*P«^: to he com- 
pletely humbled, to humble oneself. 
(D«J»<iK: ^^ wager, bet, to lay a wager. 
(DC J?: ^- -^r* t/j;^ breadth, latitude. Gen. vi. 15. 
•PCS' ^- '^ black mule. 
QPQR' s. the betting, bet, wager, emulation. 
(BQS.f^- ^^y broad, spacious. Isa. xxii. 18. 
(D'CS": ^* tribute, tax, duty, custom. P — : + 
9'"nT«: a sort of tobacco, which the king of 
Shoa levies as a tribute from the Gallas, un- 
prepared : dried and broken tobacco-leaves ; 
is better than the A1?: "?"•?" flT": native 
tobacco of Shoa, which, before it is dry, is made 
up into cakes, dried, and brought into sale. 
(D»C^: ^' hoar-frost; dew. Ps. Ixxviii. 47. 
Trt: v. a. & n. Eth. (Dfhil: " commodavit." 
to do any thing by mediation, to take a media- 
ting agent, chiefly in purchases or loans. 
'CVfl: n. to be or become surety, bail, or 
broker ; to borrow on a pledge, by bail. Ex. 
iii. 22. xii. 35. 

JWrt: . . . 2\fl(D1*4: 

( 148 ) 

a)$'6: . . . (D-f-'V: 

2\<prt: a. to hail, to lend, or sell by bail; to 
find bail. Ex. xii. 3fi. 

«pfl : s. (1) a surety ; a hail ; n broker, medialiny 
agent between a seller and buyer, between 
lender and borrower, who is responsible to 
both parties for the bargain or contract 
agreed upon. (2) was, name of a singing 

. bird of the size of a sparrow, whose appear- 
ance and volitation is considered as ominous 
to Abyssinian travellers, on their route. 

(B'^A'T: "■•'• ^- & 51. to be perverse, and to act per- 
versely. Prov. xix. 1. 

(DflAJ": s- a j)erverse, faithless, dishonest person, 
double-dealer. Prov. xi. 3. xvi. 28. 

0)1^1 : V. a. to limit, border, to confine, to circum- 
scribe, to define, appoint. 
•V(Dfi\- pass, to be limited, &c. 

(DffTi' s. limits, borders, confines, frontier. 

Q)fl^: X. SL. to take. Gen. xiv. 11. 
"fCDrtK- pass, to be taken. 
txfliDflS.- ^^"S- '" '^""** takiny, to take by 

(Di^^: s. one xuho takes. 

fflflfi^: s. larye needle; awl, punch. 

<pn : s. a cave, cavern, grotto ; a den, hole, a bur- 
row. Gen. xix. 30. xxiii. 9. 

(D-*! : dog. Ex. xi. 7. 

(D^fi^'J: s. fornicator, whoremonger. 

(D^Hn : aid ff^Thn : s. a house or other place, 
for the sick: at Aukober, a bagnio, which a 
certain baptized Turk built for the king. 

Q)'^: v. a. Eth. (D^O: Tig. (D*^: Ar. jj?. 
"cecidit," "percussit." Heb. yj^ "cecidit." 
Amh. to thrash out the corn by beating. Ruth 
ii. 17. to knock, ^^'i: ^(D^A : "he knocks 
at the door." 

Tfl)3*: pass, to be thrashed out by beating ; 
to be knocked. Isa. xxviii. 27. 

fl)«l»4: V. a to hew, cut, engrave in stone or wood. 
Matt, xxvii. 60. 
tiD'V^- pass. 

2\T*l'«i- intens. 1 Kings vi. 9. Nehem. iii. 3. 
?ifl(D^*4: cans, to cause or order to be cut 
out with the chisel. 

Q)^i: s. a mason, chiseler, cutter or engraver in 
stone ov wood. iSam. v. 11. JtJIlTJ': (Df 
Q"^: "masons." 

a)*I»rt: V. a. Eth. "causam suam defendit." to 
reprehend, reprove, expostulate uith, to accuse, 
charge. Ps. 1. S : flA : ao;uLf<pO'VtJ : P9" 
(D^flU: K^^ALhT": "it is not for thy 
sacrifices that I reprove thee." 
TT'trt: recipr. to strive, quarrel u-ith. Dcut. 
xxxiii. 8. 

(D*l"^: s. a law-suit, a charge, complaint, accu- 
sation. Micah vii. 9. 

(Q^'X': s. Ar. Ajjj! an ounce. Matt, xviii. 28. 
fll'^jPf fl - Gr. s. iiKiavoi, ocean. Gen. vii. 11. 

instead of «1>/^JE:: 
(D'tfD: V. a. to bruise, to j)ound, triturate in a 


Tffl'Tm : pass, to be bruised, pounded. 

"htlQi^ill- caus. to cause or order to be 
^n : s. tertian intermittent fever. 
GX'-fl: s. & adj. beauty, fairness, beautiful, fair, 

nice, pretty, handsome. Gen. xii. 11. 

•fTn: V. n. to be beautiful, handsome. Gen. 
xxiv. 16. 

^P: s. woBO, a beast of prey, resembling the 

leopard, with a large head. 

(D'H^: Ar. j_)j^ a shower of rain. Ezek. xxviii. 

(D'flC: Ar.Jjj"a certain quadruped, smaller 

than a cat, and -without a tail." Golius. Lev. 

xi. 3. 
a>'ri^: s. beauty, fineness, fairness, nicety. 
GP'X-: s. Cant. vii. 13. perhaps for QJ'J^: love. 

Ar. i_yjo "mamma." 
Gi^C- Eth. s. string of a musical instrument. 

pi. ?ia^:^C" 

(P'TQ: and (D'I'iJ.: adv. always, constantly, 
continually, irwessantly. Elx. v. 7. Jer. viii. 5. 
Rad. (DT^: Eth. 

(DT't': s. Tigr. Rq- milk. Gen. xlix. 12. 

(D-f-'t": s. idem. Godjam and Shoa dialect. 
Job X. 10. 


( 149 ) 

(DllA: ..• (DHWH- 

Q)TJ^: s. peg, esp. for a tent. Isa. liv. 2. 

(Pit'KC: si"g- ^ Pl- Tigr. (DTlt^C: and U* 

JCJ*:: soldier. 
(D'J'RC,i''t'- s. s<a/e and condition of a soldier, 

(DT/5." ^' **• ^° s^oj'i* obstruct, oppilaie, consti- 
jmte. L. 

Tfl)"!**?.: pass, to be slopped, &c. 

ay-J: s. Eth. and Tigr. oij^:: fem. (D'^JP'H: 

M;a/«'. P — : JE^t^: "a water-hen," "a coot." 

QJ'^nA: s. a carrier of water; in Shoa, one 

class of female slaves whose sole business it 

is to carry water. 

fl)'^^: adj. belonging to ivater; s. Aquarius, a 

constellation. Geogr. 
anno s. Tigr. au-^ni,-: Al. (D7»nC: 
Eth. inf. ofin.C= "^o ^i*" « «^"'' chair, a 
throne, a bench, a stool, meton. member of 
the supreme court of justice, which lias to dis- 
cuss all the more difficult and important law- 
matters, and to lay their judgment before 
the kins: for final decision, conf. Bruce iii. 24. 
(DTnS^: s. a man-slayer, a murderer. Deut. 

xxii. 26. John x. 1. 
(DfT?': s. a sicimmer. Isa. xxv. II. Rad. ^P*?":: 
fl>"5(I>'{': s. a sort of bread made of peas or 

lentils with a good quantity of oil. Bl. 
(D'J'H: s. brook; river, stream; dry bed of a 

river; a valley. Gen. ii. 13. xiv. 3. 
*nW: s. WANZA, an Abyssinian tree, described 

by Bruce, vii. 164 — 166. 
(D'5^: s. a man, the male of man, as di-^tin- 
guished from ["Lt": "woman." — : A^: 
"a mule child," " a son." — : HC"-" " '"«^ 
(D^J^gn: s. brother, pi. (DlJ^qP^:: (DT 
j^oijorej'^f : and COTJ^oijati'-f-:: Gen. iv. 2. 
xiii. 8. xlii. 13. 
fl)"} p-iyo^^- • s. brothership, brotherhood, fra- 
terniiy. Zech. xi. 14. 

Gf\S- Ar- ^s*} ^ stringed instrument, a sort of 

luJe. Dan. iii. 5. 
(D^^A: for (D^lA: and (DilA: to be false, 

faithless. Ps. ixxxix. 33. 

(DttA: V. n. & act to be faithless, perfidious, 
unjust, disloyal ; to cheat, defraud, to break an 
engagement, promhe, or oath ; to rebel. 

(DiT.A : id. Judges ii. 1 1. 2 Chron. xiii. 6. 

(DTI A: s. (1) the Gospel, from the Greek 
eiiayye?uov. (2) fraud, deceit, dishonesty, per- 
fidy, injustice, breach of promise ; perjury. 
The word in the latter sense occurs always 
in the O. T. ; in the former, in the N. T. and 
in common language. 

ffl'iT.A'f: adj. (I) fraudulent ; deceitful; dis- 
honest; perfidious, rebellious, unjust. Deut. 
xxxii. 20. 1 Kings xvi. 9, (2) evangelical ; 
an evangelist. 

Q)'5T.A'5 : s. an evangelist. Acts xxL 8. 
' (Di^^- s. a deceiver, cheater, rebel, a perfidious 
I person. 

<PTIX|,: s. a drinking-horn, out of which the 
Abyssinians drink their beer and water. 

(DIEp.Q.: s. sling. Judges xx. 16. 

(DV^: s. bellows, i.y. oofjl^p:: 

a)'i&/t': 5- sieve, i.q. (D'F'd-'t':: Num. vii. 13. 

TT: and q>l': v.n. Eth, l-ffliP: "lusit" to 
swim. Isa. xxv. 11. 

(IhT : s. standing water, a pond, in which one 
can stvim. Rad. •P'F" 

a>?iin«Tl: (Dt^Si.: Eth. iniquity and crime. 
Ex. xxxiv. 7. Vid. ?in»^ : and T.;j^:: 

fl)YlA: V. a. Ar. (Jj'j to establish, confirm, place 
firmly and securely. 
"VCDYlti: pass. Ps. Iii. 8. 

(D*^A: Ar. Jx^ wild-goat, Capricorn. Amh. 

•PA:: Deut. xiv, 5, 
(DthA: pi. JyCy of the same. Jer. 1. 39. 
•PO,^: Eth. s. excessive heat. Isa. xlix. 10. 

Jer. xxxvi. 30. 
G>H : V. n. to perspire, of. Heb. 3?T\ 

I^flCDH: caus. to cause perspiraiion. k 

fflTI: s. sweat, perspiration. — : h-SL^l'- "to 

sweatr "perspired 
*?H: s. jest, joke, sport, mockery, scoff, scorn, 
.THf: s. & adj. jester, joker, scorner ; jovial 

scornful. Ps. i. 1, 
®Hfl)H: V. a. to shake, to swing, to wave, to 

2^a)H(DH: ..(DK: 

( 150 ) 

(D^K;: . . . (DKrt : 

vibrate. Rev.\'i. 13: pnAft: £i«i,: ■i^^^ 
■1-0) J^*: J«.:T[4.fl: nU)H(DH-r:1.H.:: 

"even as the fruit of a fig-tree falls, when a 
strong wind lias shaken it." 
?»a)H(DH: idem. 

<D^-: 0)^7":: or flD.Cfl: conj. or. 

*PJE: interj. oh! ah! alns! woe! i.ij. "KfflJE". 
— : ?iA: "to wail," "to utter woeful cries." 

fflP-: id. with suff. (DP'A^ : "woe unto me !" 
(DP-Afl: "woe unto thee (fem.)!" Matt. 
xi. 21. 

(DJEAA.: s. a species of large roes. 

a),P7°: conj. i.q. (D^fl: Gen. xviii. 21. 

(DJJ<5.: s. the u-ild olive-tree, is indigenous in 
Abyssinia. Gen. viii. 11. 

(DJEft : conj. or. (D^fl : — : (D^fl : — : either 
— , or. With negation : neither — , nor. 

(D^H: adj. light-tjrcen, ijelloivisk. 

V^'J". s. woeful exclamation, ejaculation, wail- 

a)P"J": s. idem. Ezek. ii. 10. 

(DJE'?: s. grape, raisin. P — : X^: "wine;" 
lit. " mead of grapes." P — : "h'i^ : " stem 
of the grape,'" i.e. "vine." P— : P:^: and 
P — : tlQ,i,: "vineyard." 1 Kings xxi. 
1,18. P — : ttl^: "branch of a vine." 
p — : (h«^1: "cluster of grapes."'' P — : 
HAA: i-q- (D^l:: cf. Heb. ]•;; "wine." 
Ar. "^r "grapes not quite ripe." Gr. oTvov. 
Lat. " vinum." Engl. " wine." Gei-man 

. " wein." &c. 

Gi^UQ: 1j1- G)j£H'HC:'»^-^'^'*^«"- W properly 
title of royal princes and princesses. (2) title 
of ladies of rank. (3) common title of respect, 
applicable to every married woman, i.e. to 
every female who is no longer a virgin. The 
same vulgarisation as the French " Madam." 

(D^Pj^I: s. a bullock; i.e. young bull. 

<DK- prep, to, unto, toward, towards. — : A^ 
"upwards." — : :^¥: "downwards." — 
(j)/x»»]p: "inward," "to the interior." — 
tr^^: "outwards." fl)K.«" G)S^^- ^nd 
<DKHU: (comp. of (DK: and J^y: gen. 
PH.U:) "hither wards," " to this." (DjJ.^: 

and flOKK^: (comp. of (DR: and _p: gen. 
PK,FO "to there," "to that," "thither," 
"thitherwards." , 0)5^,'"^"= (^omp. of (DJ^: 
and P'l-:) " where ?" a)JK~ n*"!*: " where," 
"in which;" e.(/. CD^Afl'V: "where there 
is," " where he is." » 

Qy^R- 0) s- Ar. 3j love, affection. John xv. 10 : 
nQ)'R,: R"!-: " he strong, firm, in my love !" 
Cant. i. 2. 

(2) adj. beloved; dear, precious, costly, of 
high price, fem. ©'jg; "l^ :: Deut. xxviii. 56. 

ffl^tl: and fflJ^U: adv. to tliis, to here, hither, 
hitherwards. (D'S'.UT : ©SLtl : i- <!■ fflSLtir : 
(DP^: "hither and thither," "in different 
(various) directions." fflfi^Ur: (D^J?: 
•"JA'l': "to move in different directions." 
2 Chr. xxxi. 4: nP<.'^A.9«9": PO^r 
Ct-T: iWH-n: J'^HH: A'ilUrTr: AA. 

spa^jPT: y^Q.A^a^^: ■K'}J^rim:"and 

he ordered the people who lived at Jerusalem 
to give to the priests and Levitcs their jjor- 
tion;" A>k1H.P'n<h.C: ^'^- (DJ^yf: 
O)^^: A'nJA-'l': J^ifA^O)-: Hl^: 

" that they might be able to (move in diffe- 
rent directions) go on comfortably, for the 
law of the Lord." In narration, (DK,U- 
serves to indicate the time when any thing 
has happened or is to happen, denoting some 
time nearer to the present, than the event 
itself; or nearer than another mentioned 
period; e.g.'{\cin-^(^: a>£tl: "after he 
had beaten him," lit. "hitherwards from his 
beating lii/.i." 'n^'VC,: ©^.tJ: "hither- 
wards from mid-day : " if this is said in the 
same morning, it signifies 'before noon "; if 
in the evening of the same day, it is " after- 

(j)_g-yiHI_: s. an Abyssinian quadruped, re- 
sembling, in formation, size, and stature, a 
horse; but having twohoi-ns standing straight 
upright, and hoofs like a cow ; and its flesh 
very palatable. 

G)^i\- Eth. V. a. to praise, laud, commend. Amh. 
non occ. 

?i(DKrt: ••T(D:3: 

( 151 ) 

TT^: • t"P7K: 

^^CDJE[rt: v. n. to sing and chant wUh music 
at Divine Worsliip. 
QhJEJrt, : s.praise, (/lory, commendation. Y^^'P: 

■•— : "vain glory,'''' "amb'ition." Pliil. ii. 3. 

— : orq|[;^7D: "Praises of Mary" title of a 

part of the Abyssinian Liturgy. 
CDK*I»: V. n. to fall. Gen. xiv. 10. xxiv. 26. 

?i(DK't' '• trs. to make full, bring down, to fell. 
Lament, ii. 2. 

ffl.^*^: 3. that which falls. PYtC.: — : "the 

tone, accent, emphasis of a word or speech." 

Gen. xxxiv. 18. 
fl>'JEJ"l*'r: s. thefaUing,fall, downfal. Jer. vi. 2 1 . 
Q)K'^^ ^- harbour. Acts xxvii. 12. Ps. cvii. 

31. Heb. vL 19. for "anchor." 
(Dj^'t*: adv. where? Yl — : "whence?" — : 

Hl^: "whither." Gen. iii. 9. John xiv. 4. 
(DKUtl: adv. to this, hither. Vid. (Dg^tJ:: 
G)S.,y- adv. thither, to that, after. YlH.y: — : 
"after this," "after that," "afterwards." 

fflKK - ^'' ^" •^^* 4> '" ^°^^' '" ^'^^' '" cherish, he 
fond of, to be inclined to, to be pleased, to ivish. 
Ps. xl. 13 : (I>KJ^: T%n.f: '^K'Yl: Hl^: 
" be pleased, O Lord, m save me ! " 
'I'fflSK- pass, to be beloved, &c. 
?k.*PKK- intens. to join intimately and closely 

together, to connect and join into one. 
TTJiK" recipr. to love one another ; to be 
joined and closely connected one with another. 
2Cor. vi. 16. Eph. iv. IG. 
{J)P^: s. friend, beloved, favourite. Gen. xiv. 

13. John XV. 13, 15. 
(D^g-i^: 3. friendship. 

T : v. a. to purchase, buy. Acts xx. 28. to 

engage by money. Judges xviii. 4. 2 Sam. 

X. 6. 

ffiSiK"- ^' o- fiel<l< piece of ground. Gen. xxiii. 

13. Nehem. vi. 2. 
(D^i V. a. Eth. (D"l?k: Ar.U-^ Heb. n^J <o 
pierce, sting, to prick, to hit, wound; esp. to 
pierce, ivound with a lance as in war, to fight. 
Gen. xiv. 9. 
T<D3- pass, to be stung, pierced, transfixed. 

"TT^: intens. & recipr. to make war upon, to 
fight ivith. Ex. i. 10. 
(D"|: s. custom, habit, usage, law. Gen. xxix- 

26. cf. A»T: 
*P^: s. price, value, wages. Gen. iv. 1. xv. 1. 
(D«79n.^: s. the cupping, and cupping instru- 
ment. Tliis in Abyssinia is a horn, the point 
of which has been cut off to the hollow part. 
The broad basis of the horn is applied to the 
body of the patient, and the head of it is 
taken into the moutli of the cupper, v?l!o 
sucks the air out till the skin rises : he then 
makes with a razor a few incisions, and, ap- 
plying the horn a second time, sucks again 
till sufficient. Vid. Moo:: 
(Did.: to stone, kill by stoning. Ex. viii. 26, 
T(m<^: pass, to be stoned. 
?ifI(Dl«i: caus. to cause being stoned. 
(D^6: 3. lapidutor, one who kills, or intends to 

kill, by stoning. Luke xiii. 34. 
CD'lfl: s. the loins, the hip. Gen. xxxv. 11. Ex. 

xxviii. 42. 
(SPl^t s. the piercing, stinging, transfixing, 
ivounding, fighting, a fight, conflict. 

(D'IfV- idem. esii. fight, war, battle. Num. 

xxxi. 4. 1 Sam. xiv. 20. 
(D'3'^: s. piercing, &c., esp. acute pain. Matt. 

viLi. 17. 
ffln : s. side ; relation ; kind, family, species, 
party, people. Is used collectively and as 
sing, whose plural is (Dli°^'-:: Gen. ii. 10. 
X. 31. John i. 11. Geu. xxiii. 11. Ex. xxviii. 
20 : for row, series. 
(STiH'- V. a. to excommunicate, to hold for excom- 
municated, accursed, or religiously prohibited. 
TfflTH: pass, to be excommunicated, &c. 
Lev. X. 10. 
QhT-TI: adj. excommunicated, anathematized, 
accursed, prohibited. Deut. vii. 26. Gal. i. 
8, 9. 
(Dl^: V. n. to go away, imper. (D"IJf : m. 
(D^^;:f. CD"ZK,:pl. "away!" "give way!" 
T*P1K- pass, intens. to be taken away. Jer. 
vi. 29. 

?»fia)T^:...ha)<5.*;: ( 152 

make go away, to inhe 

Jos. vi. 


(DQ,<S.9": ..- OA-V: 

^»fta)1.^: cans, io 
away. John i. 29. 
(DIT: ^kA: <o c/oion, to be datj-break 

15. 1 Sam. xi. 11. 
(Dim : V. a. i. q. a)1>m :: Ex. xxx. 36. 
(D"l:and(D>t: Eth. a)0?\:: Tigr. (D »?».:: 
Heb. l^a^ to yo out, yo forth, to proceed, ori- 
ginate, separate from ; to rise, ascend, go up. 
inf. tnj(i>ni.1.: the going forth, going out, the 
origin, the r'lsing. PRrfiJC: oroO)'")'!': 
" the rising of tlie sun." 

?ia)"l: trs. to take, briny, drive, or lead out 

or up; to expel, to bring forth. Gen. i. 12. 

?ifia)"1: caus. to make go out or up, and 

i-(J- 7\ai*^:: Luke viii, 54. Zech. v. 4. 
2\*P»n: i.q. 2Y(D"1 :: Jer. xxxi. 32. 
a)T: and (DR-: s. a sauce, into which the meat 
and bread is dipped at meals, and in genex-al 
cookery; i.q. ^^£i,:: p— : n^'t": "kitchen." 
P— : fi6f: "female cook." Cooking is 
held in Abyssinia as unbecoming to men; 
therefore male cooks are found only with 
foreign travellers and in monasteries. 
Till: V. a. Eth. (D'lttl :: to devour, swallow up, 
to absorb. Gen. xxxvii. 33. Ex. xv. 12. 
't'*Pfn: pass, to be devoured, absorbed. 
?»fl*PfF!: caus. to cause deglutition, absorption. 
(Dditn.: s. a young he-goat, not gelded. Lev. 

iv. 23. 
*PEP»: s. devourer; adj. devouring, absorbing. 
t^Wf : — : "^sh-devourer," name of an unclean 
bird, prob. "heron." Deut. xiv. 12. 
(D'EJi: and QhCU.: (1) imp. fern. sing, of 
CD"!:: go out! go up! (2) s. the external, 
exterior part , the outside of any thing ; opposed 
to "in. : " the interior." 
(pJtcnj^: s. (pro ouR-oo^g-:^ a snare, trap, 

a net. Rad. Rao^:: 
(J)^: improperly Lev. xi. 19: PA.'t": — : for 

Vtk/f. PQ.: "a bat." 
(S&.^' v. n. to be, or become thick, big, fat, volu- 

?i(D<5.<i: trs. to thicken, fatten, make volu- 

0)^^.9": adj. thick, fai, big, voluminous. 

(DQ.Cr-" s- thickness, bigness, voluminousness. 

(D^P*: s. mill, and esp. </ie lower millstone; 
the upper one being called onj^:: Tlie 
initial fl): is substituted for oxt: and [U.: 
for CCj,: as the regular derivation from 
•ro^CR.'!". would have been ou^Oi^: 
or contracted oofj^cq,;; Rad. dLCtl" 


O: *^.CT: ain, the twentieth letter of the 
Amharic alphabet. In the Tigre language 
it is pronounced with an amplification of the 
larynx, and an accompanying depression of 
the root of the tongue ; just as in the Arabic, 
and as it probably was in the Ethiojiic, and 
partly in the Hebrew. In the Amharic, its 
pronunciation is not at all different from that 
of /\: ; hence both letters are, in most in- 
stances, confounded together : in order, there- 
fore, to preserve an orthographical distinc- 
tion for a few cases, the Amharic literati, 
having lost the name ' aix, ' call it t^JiV-: O : 
or the A of the word ain. 

p: the Greek letter u. Rev. i. 8: J\A^: 
fjrpo; •• the Alpha and the Omega.'" 

Ci Aijn : s. Heb. DTiV Ar. Jlc world. In the 
Etloiopic, it signifies also an indefinite length 
of time, esp. duration of the world, in the 
phrase, A^ A9": "into eternity," "for ages"; 
A«^A9n: (Dti^til": ^^AT": "in secula, 
et in secula seculorum"; and esp. HA^ 
/\«?n; which is rendered in Amharic AHA 
£^t^: '• into eternity." 2 Sam. ii. 26 : >i,fj'h: 
A^A9": "into eternity," instead of AHA 

{J/ittij: or o^f^aij: s. Ar. ijs. sign, mark, token, 
character; signal; esp. mark of nationality, 
ensign, flag, standard, banner, colours. Acts 
xxviii. 1 1 . 

t^A'^^'E: adj. fem; — ^^: worldly, secular. 
Titus ii. 1 2. Rad. ci A'7" : : 

OA'^ : Eth. s. day. Amh. fl:: OA-'f: OA^: 
f daily." Gen.xxxix. 10. P«l»K9°: OA'T: 

c^oo'fl' : , . . t^il Ji'fl : 

( 153 ) 



"the past t/fly" "a former day."" pi. OA 
J"!" : days, Job iii. 6. 

•:4cni''|': better Qonfi-z Eth. tlie year. Amh. 
generally ?»«roi?i-:; Mai. iii. 4. 

07°J^: s. Heb. TlQV Ar. 5^ a column, pil- 
lar, pi. ?»0o^J^:: Is often spelled J\ 9™ J^:: 
Kix'^K'" Gen. XXXV. 14. Ex. xxvi. 32. 
Also, column on a ^vritten page. Vid. Tv'P'j^:: 

0000: and«loTJ0: Eth. "iniquus fuit," "in- 
juria affecit." Arab, to be unrighteous, unjust, 
wicked ; rebellious, disobedient; to act wickedly, 
unjustly; to rebel. Gen. xiv. 4. 

qotj^: s. & adj. wicked, unrighteous, unjust, re- 
bellious, a rebel. 

t^oog: and 0""g: s. wickedness, injustice, 
unrighteousness ; rebellion, refractoriness. 

(\aciO: idem. Jos. xxii. 22. 

t^oog^: adj. & s. Lq. t^aijqf^: Deut. ix. 24. 

Cioog^'i^:: Otroo^l^: and ?iouo^i't- :: 
s. refractoriness, rebelliousness, rebellion, insur- 
rection ; wickedness, injustice, unrighteousness. 
1 Kings xi. 27. 

ciU|: s. and U-'l::/sA. 

Out'T': i-g- (h^L'f. and ■?k«^'^: joy, t/e%/i<, 
cheering, joyful exclamation, cf. "XUJ^: and 
cii**i^" Ps. xix. 11. 

*%"£^ni: s. tf/io^e. It' is composed oft^uf; 
"fish," and Oin«5: Eth. "whale." 

^Cyii Kt. ^yyc and ^^.c s. a weasel. Lev. 

xi. 29. 
Od.'P-- Vid. ?\«^1>:: 
OC^- '^^ P^oce. 

iJ&^^'t"- nakedness. Vid. "K^'lJ'f:: 
CiJ^'fl: and OC'H: s. Friday. 
O^l: Eth. V. n. /o ascend, mount, by steps. 

Vid. Ttd,!:: 
*%C^C- Ar. Jc^ juniper. Job xxx. 4. 
04<I.: c. deriw. Vid. ?»<^<i,:: 

cjiTfrj : Ar. iiLa: tone/, bundle. Eccles. xii. 6. 
*'iOl^'f!: At. t_^'-a; pi. of L'.,c; bands, bandeaux 
for the head. Isa. iii. 23. 

03". s. Vid.>i3':: 

^^^i Ar. iaiic carneol, cornelian- stone, a gem. 

Ezek. xxviii. 13. Vid. aD<h: i^«l;*:: 
OlJ'n: Eth. s. concubine, harlot, pi. Oin'Tf:: 

Cant vL 9. 

os^'fl: Ar.t_>lftc black eagle. Lev. xi. 14. 

'^iPn.^: s. Eth, "custos." Amh. ak'abit, 
female miller, title and office of an old woman 
who has to grind the com for the holy com- 
munion bread. 

O'l'n^: and t^^pn'T: s. Eth. O'P'fl: iMc 
a precipice, precipitous declivity, iieep, declivity 
of a mountain or hill. Vid. A'Tfl'^:: 
2 Chr. XX. 16. 

Gji^o^^: Ar. ,J*ac s. pie, magpie. Lev. xi. 18. 

Isa. xxxiy. 1 1. Zeph. ii. 14. 
0^^: Ex. xii. 22. a handful, a bunch. 
OTI^^*^: adj. Hebrew, hebraic. pi. 0'fl«5.(D-' 

yi: Hebrews. Gen. xl. 15. 
0'n«5.^fn*: Gr.i/Spa'iffTi, the Hebrew language. 

Luke xxiii. 38. 
OflP: Eth. "magnum esse vel fieri." Amh. 

non occ. 

?\0n P : and contr. tjfl P: to enlarge, extol, 
celebrate. Nahum i. 15. 

TOflP: and ^nP: to be magnified, refl. to 
magnify oneself, to be puffed up, haughty, 
proud. Num. xvi. 3. 

?^fj:^nP: cans, to injlate with pride, to pvff 

up, make proud. Rom. xi. 20. Hos. xiii. 6. 

On-.PL: adj. On-^T: and On-P-^-: fl proud, 

haughty, arrogant, overbearing; vain, ambi- 
tious, puffed up, self -conceited. Ps. cxix. 51, 

69, 78. 

*%13» : Ar. ilJULc a species of eagles. Lev. xi. 13. 

05't: V. a. i.q. M^:: 

0^4^:pl. ?vOfq»'-:: (l)ffem. (2) pearl. Gen. 

ii. 12. Ex. xx^•iii. 12. 
0'}*<t1': s. Eth. O*^'!-: « scandalum," a 

stambling-block ; a scandal, offence. Ex. x. 7. 
OOX-A": and *^a>A": s. strong wind, gale, 

storm, hurricane. Is usually connected with 

14.^1:: <^(D'<V:'J4.fl: Ex. x. 19. 

U(D^.'. . . . ORo^: 

( 154 ) 

«^gorit:...H: H^: 

0(D(i: v.n. Heb, -)^i> "coccus fiiit" Ar. 


Gen. xlix. 24. 

Jiy^ the Orion, Capella, a constella- 
Job ix. 9. 

"monoculua fuit." to he or become blind. 
^(Dd,: pass, to he blinded, to be inade blind. 
John ix. 39. 

tk-^Qii,: trs. to blind, to make blind. Gen. 
xix. 11. 

Offi'C: a<lj- Heb. 'T))} blind. 
CKD-CJk^ : s. blindness. Zech. xii. 4. 
Oa)*!*: c.derivv. Vid. hCD1»:: 
Oay-'P't' : s. knowledge. Vid. >ka>'«I»'t':: 

OH^i-: s. a pit; well; and, in a very few 
instances, a necessary. With the latter signi- 
fication it is distinguished from cj^^: gno 
J^£;: because the latter is so small, that it 
sen-es only for a few occasions, whereas the 
former can be used for a long time. 

OHL-fl: i-q. ?iH,TI: south-east. 

Oa-H: Eth. adj. Heb.nty kv.jij^ mightxj, 
strong, powerful. 


(^^-J: and O^T: s. Heb. J^i^ Ar. ^ the 

eye; meton. fountain. Gen. iii. 5. xiii. 10. 

ground and used for a water-closet." t^JEI : 
OTI: "a trellis," "grate." cjjs'}: ?i'Pt;: 
" hog-beans." Tigr. ^R-nt": «^^1:" a mo- 
ment," "the twinkling of an eye." t^^T: 
TVIH.: aTn taccazk, the fountain of the river 
t%^: Isa. X. 26. The Abyssinian translator 
mistook fjo for ijo in the Arabic Version, 
isLsc "his rod"; instead of which he read 
jsUec which he could not make out, and there- 
fore gave the same mistaken word with 
Amharic letters. 

OP: s. debt, money or property due on any 
accoont. Ex. xxi. 22: O.^: IT: "to con- 
tract or incur debts."'' Of.R : Yl <i.A : " to pay 
debts:" HA:—: and ntkSL- "owner of 

' debts" in a double sense, " creditor" as well 
as " debtor." 

(j^aii: s. age, any period of life. Gen. iii. 17. 

t^^m^ : Ar. ^a.^ African, Persian, barbarian, 

nun-Arabian" Isa. xxviii. 11. Vid. hj^^^l" 
OlA: non oce. 

:^^ A : v. recipr. to wrestle. Gen. xxxii. 24. 
Luke ix. 42. 
OIUJ : non occ. 

^TUI : v.n. & act. to be patient, to endure, to 
suffer. Gen. xlv. 1. Ezek. xxxvi. 6. 
0^•M': adj. suffering, patient, meek, modest. 

Eccles. vii. 9. 

'^"IC^^ -^^- i>j^ the planet Mercury. Acts 
xiv. 12.* Better in the revised translation, 

0"n : s. incense, esp. frankincense. Ex. xxv. 6. 
Ofni: V. a. to fumigate with frankincense, to 

bum frankincense, Vid. J\ml:: 

S'fni : pass. Ex. xxx. 1. 

JiiTimi: caus. to cause the burning of frank- 
OR'1-1': and 0T1""I': s. i.q. ?iT'5'"r: bone. 
ORfS.: V. a. to fold up, to lay into folds. Ex. 

x\'ii. 11. 

;f'K<5.: pass, to be folded up. 

?i.'lR<5.: caus. to cause folding up. 
OR'^: and 00 Q," s.fold, time. Gen. iv. 15. 

Og: s. Eth. 00: "arbor, lignum, patibulum, 

sors." In the Amharic, only the latter sig- 
nification is applicable, fo^ — : tjA: "to 

cast lots." Lev. xvi. 8. 
OB-'TS: KTSCB, interj. of wonder; Aye! aye! 

Dear me! wonder! 
{J QR: Eth, s. harvest. Amh. ?iiC0>5?:: Jer. 

■vvw Amrto ^T- 1 rY 

^lO^: or OR"^: an upper garment, a gown, a 
mantle. 1 Kings ii. 8. Ezra ix. 3. Jer. 
xliii.l2. Had. OXd.:: 

p^: s. Heb. rjlj;. plpsj^f-: and hOTQ.:: 
bird, PA. A.'t' : — : or PA.I': — : " a bat." 


H: H^: zm, the twenty-first letter of the 
Amharic alphabet It answers to the Hebrew 
f, and the Arabic^-, and is pronounced like 


( 155 ) 

HA"I:l': • • • -HOfl/S.: 

the English and French z. In Ethiopic, H : 
is the mark of the genitive case of, and of 
the relative pronoun who ; for both of which 
th^y have in Amharic p :: In the Amharic 
Version of the Bible, it appears as the genitive 
in the titles of the Books of the O. T., and, in 
the revised edition, in the titles of the Four 
Gospels; e.g. WQm.'V" HO^Irfpfl:: 
*mJA: s. a cold, catarrh, rheum. Bl. 

*'Hll'«J.: s. Ar. 'iji,j the planet Venus. Lud. 
H^ITl: s. the warp of cloth in weavery. 
"Hin:: HIFI: or HU"5: s. Dank. DAiuciiM. 

elephant. P — : TCi*l= "elephants tooth," 

" ivory." 

*MA : V. n. Ar- (Jh to languish. Jonah iv. 8. 
*HA: s. the garbles of grain. Bl. 
HA: s. muscle. Bl. 

HA A: V. a. (1) to jump, to leap, to skip. Ps. 
xviii. 29: "l^^^l: "^iHAAU-: "I leap 
over a wall." (2) to mock, joke, jest. 
'I'HAA: io jump, to skip, to leap. Luke 
i. 44. 
HAA9°: Eth. HA^AT^:: eternity, eternal. 
AHAAIP*: "into eternity.^ "forever."''' Gen. 
iii. 22. Jer. XXV. 5: VlKAAy": ^flTn : 
HAA9^: K^d.ti- "from eternity to eter- 
nity," "from age to age." Dan. xii. 2. 
HAA9°F: s. eternity, eternal duration. 
II AA: s- a cluster of grapes. Gen. xl. 10. 
KA'P: V. n. to stand upright. 1 Chr. xv. 29. 

2 Kings vi. 26. 
HA*: ?»A: idem. HAT: JiAA: "he stands 

HA*P:: Job xli. 'V^Q- HA*: an habergeon, 

HAH^: s. a buckle, latch. 
HATO'^T: sc. Jv^"^: Book of Leviticus. 

Vid. H :: 
HAH A: V. act. to cut meat in small stripes, in 
order to make jj^l'^l : of it Vid. ^"1"! :: 
•THAKA: pass, (of the meat) to be cut into 
small stripes. 
HA"i: ?«A: to be high in stature, tail, able- 
bodied, of manly appearance. 1 Sam. ix. 2. 

HAIJ": s. tallness, manly appearance. 1 Sam. 
xvi. 7. 

|4/\i5_: V. a. to reproach, reprove, find fault tdth, 
to reprehend, to rebuke, to censure, to expostu- 
late. Gen. xxi. 25. 1 Chr. xvi. 21. 
THA^: pass, to be reproved, reprehended, 

THAd.^ intens. Job iv. 3. 

HA4.: s. reproach, censure, reproof. 2 Tim. 
iii. 16. 

H'fhA: Ar. ^j Satumus (planet). Lud. 

H«^ : V. n. Eth. H "OO) :: Ar. ^j Heb. ™t 
to be unchaste, lexvd,profligate,"to be a forni- 
cator, a whoremonger. 

tvW^- act. to commit fornication, to fornicate. 

I Cor. vii. 4 : ix-^'UV^: and J^jPUgn: 

improper translation of ovk i^ovai&^ei, 

"hath no authority." 

H'"? : s. ivhore,fornicator, male or female. Jos, 

vi. 17. 
H^OTf: the. singing, chanting, song, esp. the pre- 
scribed gestures of the body accompanying 
the singing; tone, &c. l.Cor. xiv. 7. — : 
pa.'Tl : " to sing," " to chant," " to play music." 
— : Ctl^P'Tl.: "a. singer," "chanter," "musi- 
cian," 2 Kings iii. 15. HA: — : idem. 
2 Kings iii. 16. 
"H 9" : particle of silence, and trop. of unprofi- 
tableness. Is constructed with ?iA: to a 
neutral, and with YktVY- to an active and 
transitive verb. "H?": ?iA: to be silent, 
quiet, inactive, unprofitable, useless; e.g. Gen. 
xxiv. 21: y^CXrU^: "H?^: -flA": jiooA 
Yl'^t': YiC,'- "and he was silently (quietly) 
looking at." 'Hl^'Utlf: 'klC.- "an unpro- 
fitable word or thing." "H?" : O A : " hush 1" 
"peace!" !!«?»: ?»JiA9": "he is not 
silent," "shall not keep silence." "HVO: J^^ 
rt"?": to calm, to silence, to quiet, pacify. 
Honoo: Eth. "perculsus fuit." Isa. xxiv. 20. 
Koro^: V. a. Heb. I^T Ar. j^j to sing, to chant. 

J\HonD^: intens. to sing, esp. in public. 
"H^d^: s. Heb. rnpT Ar. 'ijl^ song, hymn. 
X 2 


( 156 ) 

H4: -HO 

ff j-'^ 

HirD£;^: Ar. j^ and ,)^- emerald. Job 

xxv-iii. 19. - 
Hoo«»'7_g': and vmn^^: i.q.Ho^CS^:'. 
"H?"-!!: and 'Hl'fl: s. a/y, j/naf. 
HOO't": non occ. 

^H^^T: V. a. to war, to carry on war, to 


•f{oro»'f : s. whoredom, fornication, prostitution, 
profligacy, lewdness, 

"Htpa-f-; s. silence, taciturnity, calm, quietness. 

1^90^: g. uaT, tvarlike expedition, conflict; 
buttle. Num. xxxi. 14. 

H""-}: s. Tigr. Hfll:: Ar. ^^U; Heb. pDj 
time, space or length of time, period, season, 
age (of the world), epoch, pi. Eth. J^'HwqT: 
and J^Tiagr^: Job xxiv. 1. 

HOD(D: Edi. i.g.HO^:: 

HDij<|j: adj. unchaste, lewd, debauched, whorish. 

IIOii^: V. n. to be related, kin, cognate. 
•f-Hau^z idem. Ruth ii. 1. 

H tJXSj^ : s. relationship, aflinity, kindred; a rela- 
tion, kinsman, kinswoman, relative, oflianced. 

■H9D^: s. relationship, affinity, family, genus, 

■Hgo^f": s. idem. Jer. xxxii. 7. 

H^ : V. a. Eth. HCO : Tigr. H C^" Heb. n.t 
to sow seed. M.UTill&/V"- the sowing, the 
seed. Gen. viii. 22. 
"THd^: pass, to be sown. 
TxHi^' caus. to cause or order sowing. 

f-{£: s. a sozver, seedsman. 

nC.:' HCO: and HC"^" Eth. HCO" Heb. 
J^nt Ar. cjj seed. Ps, xxii.30. 

\id„: adv. to-day, now, at present. Gea. iv. 14. 
xiv. 3. 

HQ: s. Isa. xxxiv. 14. zar, name of a sort of 
demons or genii, to whose influence the peo- 
ple of Shoa and the Gallas ascribe many 
changes in man's bodily constitution and 
general welfare ; such as. health and disease, 
pregnancy, birth, death, change of weather, 
success or disappointment in several under- 
takin<'s, &c. They believe that these invisible 

Beings are eighty-eight in number, and 
divided into two equal parties; forty-four 
of them being united under one Cliief, called 
Warrar (ffl^CO; and the other forty-four 
under another Chief, whose name is Mama 
(o^mi:). In Shoa, these Zars are wor- 
shipped, we were told, by all those who are 
in the habit of smoking tobacco, except 
foreigners ; and we persuaded ourselves that 
that very custom is, by those Shoa people who 
follow it, observed in honour of those imagi- 
nary Beings. After having witnessed an 
extraordinary instance of Zarolatry in our 
own house, where we saw an otherwise in- 
telligent and respectable woman alternately 
smoking and praying to the Zars with great 
vehemence until she was mad, and then kill- 
ing a hen, whose brain she ate and became 
quiet again ; — after this, I say, we inquired 
into several instances where we met with 
' smokers, and found that they all were wor- 
shipp<n-s of the Zars. In the state of phrensy, 
into which they work themselves by vehe- 
ment smoking, praying, and shaking of the 
head, their language alters, so as to call every 
thing by names which are known only to 
Zar-worshippers. A remarkable proof of 
the deadness of Abyssinian Christianity, not 
being able to overcome Paganism so gross 
and degrading ! 

H4: V. n. Eth. H^C" Ar.Jlj to go round, to 
turn, to revolve. 
?iH4 : *rs. to make go round, to turn, to wind 

Wa.: Ar. x^j fragments of sweet flag. Cant. 
iv. 14. 

H-4'V : s. the turning, going round, a round, cir- 
cumvention, trop. the loitering about. 2 Thess. 

H-CJP: s. surrounding place or country; en- 
virons ; a round-about way ; a turn ; a circle. 
Gen. xiii. 10. P^^All : — : "the tropical 
circle,'''' " a tropic." Geogr. 

H43: v.a. Tigr.KC"i«tb:: to spread, extend. 


( 157 ) 

'H-flRS^: ' . . m^Q-- 

distend. inttm'H^^-'l': "the spreading," 

"extension," Gen. iii. 22: A^l: X.HC. 

PA I " he will spread his h^nd." PffllT. A : 

OWH jf^^'I' : "the propagation (extension, 

promulgation) of the Gospel." 

Y%W£,'3- ^^- '" came spreading, extension, &c. 

*t'H<!iI) '• pass, to be spread, &c. refl. to spread, 
extend oneself. 

tm^O-- "'em. Job iii. 13: ^UT: T,H.: 
TH<;."I=l:: -HT": -flK: ISnCW-: "this 
time I should have lain quietly extended." 
'HC.'^Q.- s. ornament for the neck. 1 Peter 

iii. 3. Judges viii. 21. 
Hd.&,- V. a. to pillage, to plunder. 1 Chron. 

xiv. 14. 

2\H*^<5.: cans, to cause or orcfer plundering. 

"THt^iS,: pass, /o be plundered, pillaged. 
Hi^*?.: s. <Ae jtillaging, plundering, sacking, rob- 
bing ; booty, prey, spoil. Isa. xxxiii. 23. 
HCj^' s. border, seam; esp. fringes. Ex. 

XX viii. 32. 
"H^: part'of lowness. — : J\A: io stoop, bow 

oneself down. — -"h^^'. to bow another, to 

bend, to make stoop, to depress. Gen. xlix. 1 5. 

H^'fl: Ar. ^^ "lanugo," soft and tender 

hair on the skin. Lev. xiii. 30. 
•H«S>^: s. lou-ness, stooping; loio ground or 

country. Rom. viii. 39. Ezek. vi. 3. 
HP: s. cloth interwoven with gold or silver 

threads. Q)C,^'- — : '"cloth interwoven with 

gold thread.'" Ex. xxv. 4. 2 Sam. i. 24. 

■H'fi^.: s. zebra, al. FCP: filij?: " wild ass." 

HnCTLiK'^ ■^''' ^Jj chrysolite or topaz, a 
gem. Ex. xxviii. 17. 

Hn."!! : s- Ar. (...ojj Germ, "zibeben," raisins. 

Num. vi. 3. 
H flT: V. a. fo deride, laugh at. Lud. 
Hfl^ : s. derision. 

H nHfS : V. a. <o trouble, annoy, to vex. 
HI1.JP: s. a staff, a pole. I Chron. xx. 5. 
H n-J^: Ar. d^j pi. of joj butter? Num. xxi. 28. 

Hl^t s. Ar. lib; civet, and ciuei-cat, a native 
esp. ofNarca. al. "y^^:: 

"HTSJ^JivS. a small earthen dish or plate. Isa, 

Ixv. 4. 
'HT'I': s. black and coarse woollen cloth. Shoa. 

al. tnjJ5»:: 
Hl*A4»^: Eth, h'&l".—: "Book oi Numbers:' 
H,f : Eth, s, (1) messenger. (2) message. (3) 

history. (4) report. (5) <oZe, sfory. — : era 

TO A: " Aisiory of days." Ethiopia title of 

the "Books of Chronicles," Rad. HJE,!®: 

Eth, "nunciavit," • 
Hi"": and Hlli: the soft l|: interchanging 

with its cognate on: v, impers, to rain. 

f^H^oo: trs, to cause raining. Gen, xix, 24. 
"H {"•?": s. rain. 

"HfC,: s. Ar. .Ij; girdle, belt. Isa. iii. 24. Acts 

xxi, 11, 

?\H!in ■ to cause raining. Gen. ii. 5. 
"Hr-fl: s. i.5. l^rgo:: 

Hl-n: and Tign^: s.Tigr. R-'SR.^:: a fly, 
gnat. Ex. viii. 21. 

HltnA: v.n. to be inclined, to incline, to be dis- 
posed to. Gen. vi. 5. Luke xxiv. 29. 
?iH%nA: trs. to incline, to bend, dispose to. 
Gen. xxiv. 14. 

mfl.A: Ar, s, JjuJ; a basket. Gen. xl. 16. 

"HfJ^: Ar.jjj pi. i>ij; properly, fire-wood, 
from which, by attrition with its fellow, fire 
is elicited; commonly, steel for striking fire ; 

Wi^' post-positive particle, used (1) as a 
particle of relation with nouns and pronouns, 
sienifving, in connexion with a oreceding 
preposition, Yl : or O: with, by ; e.g. n'hili 
hil«h.O Hl^: "MJ/A God." Johni.1: 
better thanVl":?k^H.^v■11fh.C■ Hl^: "from 
God," Gen, xxiv. 60, Lev, x. 2. 00.^: 
HIJf : " by or near the house." 

(2) as a conjunction, thai, to, in order that, 
in order <o, &c.; e.g. ^oan\z Hl^: "UmI 
he may come." 

Hl^: s. venomous serpent. Ps. Ixxiv. 14. Rev. 
XX. 2. 

Fn^g-^: adv. this present year. 

HlS<::. .Hln<^: 

( 158 ) 

THln <;:... m?":!': 

*H\!^i- to fetter, to chain. 

TH'i^i^- pass, to be fMcred or chained. 
2 Sam. iii. 34. 

THnS'C- (0 ii'Pr. Zin'djkko, name of a king- 
dom to the south of Abyssinia, whose inha- 
bitants are Pagans, but not, it seems, wholely 
destitute of civilization. (2) s. monkey, ape, 
P — ifflTnC: a certain species of wood. 
P — :(I>'3 : " monkey's water," name of a 
river in Shoa-Meda. 


'H^K'nC: a°d "Hlg^A: s. Ar. JW; 

ginger, is a product of the southern and 

western countries of Abyssinia. 
Hi^rv.n. Eth. HT'IO: to stammer; to talk 

foolishly; to faint, to become confused; to 

forget; to loose one's senses, to become mad. 

Mark iii. 21. 

2\Hl3 : and J^H^^: trs. to make stammer, to 
make foolish, to confound, make confused, to 
jnarfcfen, &c. Actsxxvi. 24. Ephes. iv. 14. 
1 Kings xi. 3. 

•pHi^ ' pass, to be treated as afool, to be played 
with, to be an object of mockery, &cc. Gal. vi. 7. 
H*}"!: s. slick, staff. 
•KTh: Eth. "WYt'O- adj. wicked, foolish, a 

mocker, scomer. Ps. i. 1. 
TITh-C- ^^i- ^^^1^'^''^'^' variegated, consisting 

of various colours. Gen. xxx\di. 24. 
}l\1^^: to be chequered, variegated, preseiii 

different colours. 
IViliC.- s. an earthen jar for fluids, larger 

than a gombo, and smaller than a gan. 

Zech. vi. 3. 
lWl''CV'CVt''- ^- chequered, variegated, or 

spotted colour. Jer. xiii. 23. 
j|-5»jp: s. a sort of Turkish corn, of red colour, 

and small in size. Vid. Pq fi A : : 
"Hl"^^: s. a branch, ticig, bough, sprig. Jolm 

xii. 13. 

H¥i : and H^l : the warp, woof, weft. Isa. xix, 9. 
lix. 5 : Ptid.&'l'- - •■ "cobweb." 

KYl<i: v-a. Heb. ")5t Ar.jfJ to remember, re- 
collect, bear in mind. 

THVi<^: pass, to be remembered, borne in 

2\Hln<^: trs. to make remember, to remind. 

TllnC: s- Heb. "iSt Ar. yj recollection, remem- 
brance, memory, memorial, monument. Ex, 
xii. 14. 

HT^: s. one who goes round; a loiterer, a va- 

HWVd.: V. n. to continue. Rad. {i)-"rC:: 
7\H(D'V^' v. a. to continue, to do any tiling 
constantly. Col. iv. 2. 1 Kings xxi. 15. 

HCD'Jf : s. a garland, coronet, crown. Ex. 
xxviii. 37. 

HOQ.i.'i: s. saffron. Cant. iv. 14. 

"HE.: s. a duck. 

H^'V : s. Heb. JT^T Ar. e>J; oil. Gen. xxviii. 
18. Ex. xxix. 2. Al. ^-n^i: ^^fl:: 

H Ji-?" '5 : s. Ar. ^^j fj^g olive-tree. Isa. xvii. 6. 

H^^'i't": s. nature of oil. Rom. xi. 24. 

"H^^: Ar. ^Vy glass. Job xxviii. 17. 

H^: V. a. Eth. H"ldi: to shut up, lock vp, to 
close. (2) to weave, i.e. to throw the shuttle's 
thread into the warp. Gen. vii. 16. Isa. lix. 5. 
TH^: pass, to be shut, locked ; to be woven. 

HT: V. n. to rust, to become rusty, to corrode. 
James v. 3. 

?\H7: act. to make rusty, to corrode. 
TvH^: Shoa. to yaivn. al. ?\A'I'«J':: 

4*7: s. rust, corrosion. "" 

HI: KTI: J^A: to trot. HI: H^: "^A^: 
'•' the trotting." 

m^A: s. a sea-shell. 

Ht-it: "\ti.: to soothsay. Lev. xx. C. Hnh"A: 
2\fl"TiA: to cause or order to soothsay. 
2 Chr, xxxiii. 6. 2 Kings xxi. 6. HT-A: 
"1^: a soothsayer. 

H'jauz v. u. to be slow, soft, cautious. 

^Hl*"" : V. a. to do slowly, softly, cautiously, 
esp. to walk slowly. 2 Kings ii. 1 1. 

HT9«: ?»A: i-q- H*lo«n 

H^9": hR£.l:iq. ^tHTW:: 

Hliyn-j-: g. prudence, caution, slowness; mode- 
ration. Acts xxvi. 3. 


( 159 ) 

•HO.'H^: ^^^'■ 

"Hli.: and 3^;^i.: s. gulnca-foxvl. 

*H"n: 2 Chr. i. 15. for cedar. See also Isa. 

xiv. 8. xliv. 4. 
"Hit"- 5- rust, corrosion. James v. 3. Prov.xxv,4. 
Hli: Eth. V. a. to take a handful, fill ones hand. 
1\"l1t' s. one handful, as much as one can hold 

in the hollow of one hand, not to be con- 
founded with t\Qj\: q.v. 
HTP: V. a. io tarry, delay, to linger, to he slow, 

to defer. Gen. xxxii. 4. 

?kH7P: act. to make tarry or linger, to de- 
tain, to retard. 
Hj!}^: Eth, H3KP-- ^'^ prepare, make ready, 

set in order, to arrange. Nehem. \'iii. 10. 

Job xxvii. 1 C. 

txHpP: idem, and caus. to make prepare, &c.; 
to appoint. Gen. xxiv. 14. 

1'H3£: pass. & refl. to be prepared, pre- 
pare oneself. G«n. xli. 32. 
m-^: s. a sort oi flute. Tig. ^i^:: 
WK\^:nu.m. ninety. Its cipher is 21 • 
HfDf?': ihe ninetieth. 
HmYP: and HttlTlT:: the ninth. 
Hfll^ : num. nine. Gen. v. 4. Its cipher is all 

HR.: s. Ar. iwJ^^l ebony. 1 Chr. ii. 8. Cant i. 17. 

•Hq,: ?iA: and "HO.: "HQ,: ?iA: i-q- Kd, 

HA." to ferment. 
HQ,: s. tree. 
Hg^^z V. /o sprout, to shoot forth, to produce 

knots (of plants), to thrive. 

Y\W&,<^- make shoot forth, cause to thrive. 

"H^^' s- -Ar. u>j; Heb. HDJ pitch. 
M&S- "^'- ^- ^ dunce, to play, make music. 

i\H&^' trs. to make dance, cause to play. 
W&^' s. dance, music, play. Gen. xxxi. 27. 
14-4.1: s. throne, chair. Gen. xli. 40, Ex. xi. 5. 
WA^: s. a dancer, jumper, player, musician. 

Ex. xxxii. 19. Dan. iii. 5. 2 Sam. xix. 35. 
\\&,H&.- ^'-n. (1) to ferment. (2) <o 6e f^eci-, 

massive, unformed, clumsy, umvieldy. 

^'jKa.HiQ.- ""3, to produce fermeniation, 
frothing, and foaming. Mark i. 26. 
H^t-|^: adj. & s. fAicA", Tnasstiie, clumsy, un- 

ivieldy ; fermenting. 

•HQ.'HQ,: ?»A: Iq. H«5.H<5.: 

H^T«^'"l": Eth, of the Creation. t*6^:—: 

" Book of Genesis," 
\\&.&,'' v. n, to be thick, clumsy, unwieldy. '" 
H <!.<$.■ ^^J* ^'*"^^» voluminous, corpulent, un- 


Tf: TT^: zshai', the twenty-second letter of 
the Amharic alphabet, is pronounced exactly 
like the French y. According to the rules of 
permutation of consonants in the Amharic 
language, this letter originates from a junc- 
ture of the vowel / and the consonant H: 
e.g. ?\Tf£«PAll": "I support him," for ?k 
TfULTAlh: from ?xlH:: 13^: "ruler," 
forTH.: fromTH:: In common language, 
it is often confounded with ^:: Very few 
words commence with this letter : indeed, I 
know but one word which does not allow any „^ 
other initial, and that is the following, « 

1i"i : zsHAN, title of address to the king : Sire J 
•HTT: W^: "O king.'" This is the %vord 
which gave rise to the supposition tliat the 
renowned king, Priest John, afterwards known 
to have been one of the Khans of Tartary, 
had his seat in Abyssinia, 

T-ng^'l! = s- eunuch. Better ^"^g^q : : 

J!^"ld.: better "Hl^: guinea-fowl. 


P: poDT: or po^l: yamXn or yaman, the 

twenty-third letter of the Amharic alphabet. 
Being tlie softest of the liquid consonants, it 
is more than any other, excepting J^:, liable 
to being absorbed. 
P: before nouns and pronouns signifies the 
genitive case: before verbs in the preterite 
tense, the relative pronoun who, which, that, 
what; e.g. Pffll^g""^: O.'t': "my brothers 
house." Pt: (for P'M.:) an^^^z "my 
book." «iA901: 9&.md.-- PX^RA-fl 
dhC,' ^£tz "the Word of God, ivhich created 
the world." Prepositions have the power of 
absorbing it; e.g. n^^^tiiQ.- 0"S"«CJt*= 


( IGO ) 



instead of npo^R-^f^q^: &c. "in the com- 
mencement of the book." (Wlien still in 
such genitive cases vrith prepositions the P: 
is retained, it is distributive from 1?»P: e.g. 
npoujtti^^: oo3iio«£;jp: in the com- 
mencement of each respective book.) "Jm^i"!': 

"XT^K: t\&.€0". instead of Prt^^-CD-: "like 
as he vo-ought or made it." 

JE: preformative of the 3d pers. m. sing. & pi. 
com. in the present tense in verbs ; e.rj. JEOTi 

, «1 A: "he comes." ^fh^^A-: " they go." 
Any pre6x causes the elision of this conso- 
nant retaining only tlie vowel 'i ; e.g. ti,At, 
^: "going," " while tliey go," for ftj£(h,£,:: 
po^oij^: "they that learn," for P»?»J^ 

N og^:: n.S'A^: "if it is possible to me," 

_y: (1) contraction of P: or J[J: (see tlie prece- 
ding) with tvv. (2) pron. demonstr. of the 

, remote; ieva. ^"^i that. Its declension is as 
follows: sing. n. ^: m. ^^: f. g. PH.^: 

m. PH.JP^'^: f- <3- AHjP: m- AK^^^: f- a. 
^51: m. ^"^'i-A. pi. "fxtWlS- ^^^ose, they, 
g. PAH.y: d, AAH.F: ace. >.AH.^'i:: 

or pi. contracted 1?i A J? : those, they, g. P A jP : 
; d. AA^: a. "KA^T:: 

jpjyo; yp*: litt. " that one and that one," 
i.e. " both," " one with another." D-ut. xxiii. 
18. Ps.xii. 2. PH.yi: 'IH.: "at that 
time," "then." Vid. also VHiJ?:: njiy- 

^O: m. Jitl^: and ^^: f. dem. prom, of 
what is near : this. Declension, sing. m. 
3£.\3- f- i!.V'^'- and .E^:: <to; jen. m. p 

■ H.U': f PH.tJ^" and PK,^:: d. m. AH. 
U:f. AHiJ^: and AH.^-:: ace. m. J^y 
Yi: and ^tlT: f. ^tl^l: and ^^1: pi. 
n.'X : (ViH.«0 and "i^Atl: these; 

'' g. PAK«: (PIH.110 and PA.«:: d. AA 
HO: (tiinSJ ■■) and AA.tI:: ace. "JsAHLWi: 

' (>»>,A.lJl:: In combination 

' -with prepositions it forms adverbs, which see 
in nnU" "KlS-tl" 7>^KH.ii-- VlHO:: 
a)g.«" a)£.«:: a>KH.«:: flARU:: 

PU<ft: adv. equal to, near to, about, vid. 2\Yl A::- 

^Ihji^: n. pr. (1) Judca. (2) Juda. 

ytk- comp. of P: who, uhich, and 7\t\- «/ he 
who is, or that ivh ich is. n IL't : JP A : ll Oh : 
" the man f/(af is in my house." 

,PA: prep, without, e.g. y/\l: "without me," 
Gen. xli. 16: " without me." Jf A1C : " '*-"'"''^- 
ou/ country," "homeless." J?A(D''P''r: 
"without knowledge," " ignorantly," "un- 
knowingly," " in ignorance," &c. 

,PAA"n: without heart, henrikss, heartlessly. 

JPA AVI : without measure, immense, immea- 
surable, immoderate, and adv. immensely, im- 
measurably, immoderately. Deut. xvii. 17. 

.PAAS": childless, without child. Luke xx. 28. 

PA 9^: V. neg. defect, i? not, and s. nothing, 
none. Is extant only in the third person 
sing, and pi. of the past tense, with the sig- 
nification of the present >iC;riT: PA-T" 
9B: "she is not." TiT'lYltZ'T-: PtfU^: 
"there are no boys." With pronouns infixed, 
it signifies, has not; e-g.-tlC,: PA^T": "I 
Iiave no money." J'iTk'T" C : P A CD' 9" : " he 
Ag5 710 reason." ouR-rf^^: PA^li-'jn'i: 
" have you got no book ? " 

^A*^"!!: without thought or care, thoughtless, 
careless, thoughtlessly, carelessly. 

^A^: with a preceding Yl — : greater than, 
more than, used in comparison. YlJ.: ^A 
^i.(ir,Rf^: Ji"^<5.A: "my brother 
learns more //ia?i I do." Gen. iii. I. Without 
the preceding Yl : it signifies rather ; Num. 
xiv. 3: (D.^: tja^(^. ^£^^- -fllonoAfl: 
" If we ralher returned to Egypt." especially ; 
iTim.iv. 10: rtaj.-?: \i-tr'\: pinij;«^ 
T:^A1?'i7n: pa™lJP9«'fT: "who saves 
all men, especially those that believe." c. v. 8. 
Rad. A"!*: q-v. 

yAfl>''i'^: vnlhout knmdedge. 

PA^fl: n. pr. 'EMay, g. -aSo^, Greece, the 
Morea. Acts xx. 2. 

JPAS"" without hand. Dan. \iii. 25. 

P9°: (P0^4.: P"^:) prefix to the relative 
participle of the present tense; e.g. poi^Q) 
^ : "he that loves," " loving." pijonroff) : 

yaU'Q: ... P^: 

( 161 ) 

PlTA:.. .KUr: 

"coming," "I who come." PW-y'^C.l: 
"doing" "thou who doest." P9"nt"1 : 
"wanting," "we tliat want." 
jptro-t;: Ar.jpj or _^^' Heb.-|%ri;; a sort 
of goat or gazelle. 

P7"ni.¥: s. Eth. fiftt;.^:: Heb. rn'iir'n 

Ar. .yij good newn. 
pqo't'fi'"!': deprived of any person by death. 

?kn'H: -r^ "fatherless orphan." lA: — : 

" a widow." Deut. xiv. 29. 
poTJT: Eth. right hand, that which is to the 

right-hand side. Ps. ex. 5. Amh. «I>^:: 
P<.»^/t9«: n. pr. Eth. Ti^P^^t^fo-.: Heb. 

D vI^I'Tj Ar. fhA^j^ Jerusalem. 

PC.n^' s. bracelet. 2Sam. i. 10. Perhaps?.^, 
the following. 

Pf^p«J.: s. a bracelet of ivory worn above the 
elbow. In Shoa, soldiers who in war have 
killed one Galla (or other enemy) are entitled 
to a yarbora; those who have killed three 
receive the tnjAJK. JP- ; those who have killed 
ten, the I\^T: respecting wliich see p. 19. 
a, and 90. b. 

Pfhfl: •/psiw. 

Ptl'fl- Ar. iJi-'ij Heh.TlZ^'^ jasj^er (a gem). 
Ex. xxviii. 18. improperly for b7n\ Ezek. 
xxviii. 13. 

pilA3*: '•?■ hA3*= Acts xxi. 31. 

p^T: subjunct. 3d pers. m. s. mai/ it be re- 
mitted, omitted, let it be left, let it cense. — : 
?iA : " to forgive." — : "f-n A : "to be for- 
given or pardoned," "to receive pardon." 
1 Cor. vii. 25. — : H^: "forgiving," "par- 
doning," "one who pardons." Heb. ii. 17. 

peff"^: s. forgiveness, forgiving, pardoning 


Isa. Ix. 10. 

■P'RT: Ar. \zjS^.) jasper (gem). Ex. xx^dii. 17. 

1 Chr. xix. 2. Lament, iv. 7. 
V'f\i,: s. a goose. Deut. xiv. 12. 
p-"|-: interrog. pron. & adv. ivho? u-hich ? 

what? ivhere? It attaches itself to some 
■ prepositions, in order to form adverbs of 

interrogation; p.jr. (D5;^'>: " where?" >,T 
g,'"l' : " how ?" VJ P'"l" : " whence ?" 
P^A: where is? pi. P;^A•: u'here are? from 
P'V: and ?iA" Gen. xix. 5. 

E.i:^: i-q- ^^.l,:^: q-v. 

P'i'Y,' Ionian, i.e. Ancient Greek (language). 

p-r*^: idem. pi. P"fG^.P^: Dan. viii.21. 

P-5^JP : Ionia, the Ionian Islands. Geogr. 

PiTU'l': the eth month of the Abyssmians, 
beginning the 7th or 8th of February. 

P*P1J: adj. simple, upright, sincere, unsuspecting. 
Gen. XX. 5. 

pa>.'4^: and Pa>'U't*: s. simplicity, integrity, 

PTiir: and PTUVt": i-q- P(Ti'^^" 

POy-Tl : Gr. lUTa, the Greek letter /. Matt 
v. 18. 

^H : v.a. Eth. K'^H : Heb. tHN Ar. J^f to 
seize, lay hold on, to fake. Gen. viii. 1 1 : 
«!»fnA: ^H: "holding a leaf." xxi v. 10: 
y\^'- ^H: "taking luggage." Isa.xli. 21: 
?i'5^¥: "h'i^A^'U-: .eH^lh: i: "if 
you have got any thing, bring it forward." 
?\_PH : trs. to make lay hold on, induce, cause, 
ov order to take, to seize, &c. Ex. xxxvi. 17. 
Cant. iii. 7. 
"VyVl : pass, to be seized, taken, laid hold on. 
?\fSjPH: caus. i.q. ?i_PH:: to cause taking, 
seizing ; hence, to give over, to deliver, to 
betray. Matt. x. 4. 
"Vy^H • pass, intens. to be taken, seized^ cap- 
tured, made prisoner. . Isa. li. 20. 

PQ/9^: s. pafO"!^^: — : pillar to which 
criminals are tied, in order to undergo 
Acts xxii. 23. 


R-^'i^: Dant, the twenty-fourth letter of 
the Amharic Alphabet. 

K*l: V. n. to crawl or glide on ones knees. 

K*i<5.: s. gunpowder. Shoa. 

J^Ur* adj. well, safe, secure, sound, healthy, sa- 
lubrious, happy. riKlIf : in health, safety, 
happiness, well-being. Is the standing word 


( 1G2 ) 

^oij: , . . gODf : 

in salutation; e.(j. JP.tJr: \{}'V: "art thou 
well?'- J^UrA-T: for J^Uf: ?»A '}: "art- 
you (2 p. sing.) 7«7/?" n^Ur: Jt''1j^<^(p: 
"may He (God) cause yoa to rest well tliis 
night !" Ktlf: I^O*': " a good (respectable, 
wealthy, or morally good) man." 

JE^yi'V: better ^'il'l-: fuvcrty. 

KOIi'V: s. (jood quuVdij, good stale, health, 
soundness, saluhrily, secur'itij, safety, welfare, 
happiness, ivell-being. Ex. xviii. 7. PHA 
A9^: — : "eternal happiness." 

J^A : V. a. Shoa. to place, put, to set, put up. 
al. ?kr«C:: 
T^A : pass, to be put up, set up, to be placed. 

^A : s. a long stick or staff. 

XA: Ar. J^) a jar, pitcher. Isa. xl. 15. 

RA- s. victory, conquest. — : \^l: to be 
victorious, to overcome, to obtain a victory. 
Ex.xvii. 11. . — : 'fi'-'J: to be overcome or 
conquered, to lose a battle. — : KfjlW: to 
give victory, make victorious. 

*£AA: i-q- ^A: ?»A: to despise, neglect. 
Jer. iv. 30. 

K<^'n= Isa. xli. 19. and ^A'tl- Ezek. xxxi. S. 

Ar. i_Jt) plane-tree. 
^A^: s. a grey ox or cow. 
^A%- s. Eth. Aquarius (constellation).. 
KAKA : V. a. to smooth, plain, to level. 

^^AJ^A: v. a. to lead, guide. Deut. i. 33. 

TK'^K'^' P^^^' '" '-'^ yttided, led; to be le- 
velled, smoothed. Mark i. 3. Jos. iii. 17. 
K'AJ^'A- s. abridge; an arch, an arched gate. 
S.ffS.^P- V. n. to be blunt, obtuse. 

YtS.tVSW*- act. to blunt, to take off the point 

or sharpness. 

"triumphal arch.'"' 1 Sam. xv. 12. 

KAP'ili^'- s. a beast of prey ; according to 
Abyssinian informants, an animal resem- 
bling- the lion in some respects, in others the 

^<li^,Jl: s. the back of a saddle. 

K«?D:s. Heb On Ar. pj blood, ^go: IQ: 

a lai'ge tree, the wood of which is 



" to be beautiful " (of corporeal beauty), 
"handsome." 5^9^: "Ifh: "handsome," 
"beautiful," "graceful." ^9": ^^■■r : 
" bodily beauty," " Jjandsomcncss." 

J^aij: s. Shoa. digging tool, i.q. oo4>.<5^f;jP:: 

j^a^: s. 

good for furniture. 

K"9A£': Ar. ^U<3 pi. of J^o bracelet 
Isa. iii. 19. 

y y ^ 

goo 1*5 1*1 : Eth. V. a. Ar. lj~uJo to destroy, ruin, 
obliterate, to blot out. Heb. x. 4. 
•t"^OD 1*11*1: pass, to be destroyed, obliterated, 
ruined, blotted old. 
^yiTlrt,: s. destruction, ruin, the blotting out, 
obliteration. P — : COf'Ji: i.q. P'V4fV- 
0)^3 : " water of destruction,'" i.e. " deluge " : 
Gen. X. 1. 
jg^tTDi*! f[ : s. destroyer. 

Jt^aD«J> : Eth. " contudit," " contrivit, " conquas- 
savit." Amh. to be well-built, ordered, and 
arranged, Ps. cvii. 4. p^tnjcjj'.Y-: KIQ: 
"a regularly-built," "an inhabited town." 
Cant. vi. 4. Ex. xxvi. 31. p^ao«|>: fi<;.: 
" work well arranged," " cunning work." 
Judges V. 3 1 : 0/hJi : O (D"^>f- : T.R: >»'5 
^•VK9°^': TtliUJii^- ^^o^'ft: "as the 
sun shines gloriously when he rises, so may 
they be glorious J 2 Sam. xxiii. 4. 
^ijfU'fiAA: s. coriander. 
y.'?"n<5.: adj. & s. one-eyed. al. UTA" 
J^V^'flC" ^- confines, frontier, boundary, adja" 

cent country. Prov. xxii. 28. 
J^9^TI«iV : adj. adjacent, bordering, from the 

frontier, belonging to a neighbouring people. 
,K'7"n.T: s. a little red house-bird, resem- 
bling the sparrow in shape. 
J^OO'V: s. Tig. ^•DFO': Dank, dembitoo, a cat. 
^f^'fi'- s- o scolopendra, centipede, very fre- 
quent in Abyssinia. 
j^aof: s. cloud. «I>!*IT: — : " the rainbow"; 
"anarch," "a vault" PL gtnif.V: c/ourf*. 
Gen. ix. 16. Ps. xviii. 11. 


( 163 ) 

ltiRd.fl- ^C^'. 

gODj': s. a blood-man, esp. avenger of blood. 

Num. XXXV. 24. 
J^tro(j)i-|_: s. wages, salary, rnvard,pay. (comp. 

of K'7«: "blood" and ffll-L: "my sweat," 

lit. " my blood-sweat.") Gen. xxx. 33. 
K9""in-: and ^«7n"ir|--|- Vid. J^gfO;; 
J^T^ft": s. voice. Gen. iii. 8. 

J^^ODR : V. denom. io listen, hearken, to give 
'''^"* ear. conf. Heb. inNri. 

Rd.' V. a. fo Jtioc?, to quilt ; to sew rags upon old 


'I'Rd.-- pass. 
SLd.'- v.a. to marry, give away in marriage, used 

of the parents of the bride, Deut. xxii. 16. 

to jest, play. Gen. xxvi. 8. (to cohabit?) 

"VRd.- '" ^^ married; (of the female) to marry 
(a husband). 
ff_/,'. s. a black horse. Zech. vi. 2. 
^f^: s.(Gond.) a f/(i(.'M,/ores<; (Shoa) the open 

field, uninhabited country, uncultivated ground. 

RC,: s. shore, bank of a river; coasi of the sea ; 

frontier of a country; extremity of any tiling. 

Gen. xxxviii. 14. xli. 2. Ex. xxxvi. 18: ^ 

Cf: 2,C- "each side," "on cveiy side." 
R^: & RC: conj. 6;//, however, i.q. Y\C.- "11- 
^^: s. a neck-chain. BI. 
^£^ : s. warj}, in weavers' language, i.q. "H ^'fl "• : 
R;Q: s. f/je oWen time, time of old. R;Q- H 

ODT: idem. Deut xxxii. 7. 
P(^: s. Tig. EC^- Dank. i(iv\\e. fowl, poultry ; 

esp. /<'>«. pl.^d.C'1-: and^C^f-:: J^CB'^.: 

— : "male/ow/," i.e. "cock." 
P*<i9": Ar. r&)^iJ 5paxM< drachm. Num. xviii. 

^f^uO''}: Ar. ^^y<Jli shij). Isa. xxxiii. 21. 
Rii.: s. Ex. xxx. 23. P— : h'l^: Ar. 

gjiiijT LLvif " calamus aromaticus," sweet 

Rd.f\- 'V- n. to arrive, to reach, attain. (DR: 
f\ld.' Rd,f^' "^^^ arrived in his country." 
"^'fL: Y-.''*'"lAli': " arriving, I will come," 
'i.e. "I will just go, and speedily return." 

. arriwrf of the breaking of his door," i.e. had 

j warly broken his door," Gen. xix. 9. Jonas 
i. 4. ^U"^-. oiJA>,lFTV: ^Rdfl- 0)^: 

&c. "iJ/ay this letter reach &c. !" (form of 

address of a letter.) 

^g^^rt: trs. to make reach, cause to arrive, 
to lead, to guide. 
R^d.fl' postpos. particle, always preceded by 

■>iflYl: or "isflT: "as far asi" "as long &c. 

tw;" "up <o," "till," "until." >»flYlH.U: 

J^4ft: "till here," "hitherto," "up to this 

place or time." Gen. iii. 19 : Ihfllri'^oo/^ 

fl: K' "itntil thou returnest." 
R^Cfl't"- s. lawful, legitimate possession, due 

portion, i.q. «5.'U'" Ps. cxix. 99. 
J^C^T : Eth. s. composition, essay, tract ; esp. 

historical and biographical pieces are called 

RCfl."^'- Prov. vii. 17. Ar. ^^jus^Ij & ^^Jjmj]^ 

Ri.iXX' Ex. xxx. 23. idem. 
^^■1^: s. one who arrives, has arrived, afresh 

comer, a guest, a stranger, foreigner. 
R d.'P : V. n. cf. Germ. " trocken," " trocknen." 

to be or become dry, to dry. 

i^Rd.^'- act. to dry. 
Rd,^: and ."^C^^ s- & adj. dry; that which is 

dry. Gen. i. 10. Ex. xiv. 16. Haggai ii. 6. 
R^C^' s. dryness, drought, aridity. Hag. i. 11. 
K<?l'l*l"'r'- s. idem. 
K^i^R: V. a. to overlay, to cover; io cast over, to line, 

io clothe, to double. Judges iv. 19. Isa. li. 10. 

RC.'tl • s. woof or weft in cloth ; cover or (upper) 

flooring -of a house, esp. a second story of a 

building, deck of a ship. Gen. vi. 1 6. 
RC.n ■ woof or weft, 
^Ctl- double cloth, lining of a cloth and of 

other substances. 
Rdt"- s- <^ltest of man or of animals. Gen. iii. 

".o"i-: s. wadded, quilted cloth. Shoa: "J-fi^: 

RC^'- extremity, boundary of any thing. Gen. 
xxiii. 17. 

y 2 

J^C19«: • • .K^X-'f: 

( l&l ) 


R'C^'P^-- J'7 .K'^T": Lev.xjaii. 25. 

KCf: Lev. xxi. 20. Ar. ii^j name of a certain 

bodily defect. 
RC.O: Eth. J^cd: Ar.^Jj or £;^ coa< o/,«ai/, 

habergeon. Isa. x. 18. 
Jf <.0 : idem. Rev. ix. 9. 
K^l^^' ^'- a- to lay in layers upon each other, io 

put layer upon layer. Gen. xxii. 9. 

t'K<iK<^: P'^iss. to be laid up in layers. 

?iflK<iK«i: caus. to causelayiny up in layers. 
Rd.1: non. occ. Eth. "cohaesit," "conjunctus 


Tx^d.! '■ act. to do, to make, to perform, com- 
mit, accomplish, to irorl: Ex. xxiv. 3 : "i^T 

;iA1: "all that the Lord hath said, we 
will do." Tfl^.: ?»KO= "'o mal-e one's 
hope," " to hoije," " rely on," " trust in." 
"VRd^- pass, to be made, done, performed. 
iiti^d^' caus. to cause, order, induce to do, 
perform, &c. Tfl<f.: — : "to make (one) 
hope," " to promise." 
?kJ^<5.<iT: intens. to perform, accomplish. 
^/^"J: V. a. fo appoint a maintenance, to fix a 
regular allowance. 2 Kings xxv. 30. It is cus- 
tomary with Abyssinian rulers to maintain 
those that have any claird upon them (their 
household, their workmen, strangei-s, poor, 
&c.), with appointed allowances, either of pre- 
pared food from their own kitchen, or a cor- 
responding quantity of grain and (or) other 
victuals. This is called ony^^l:: 
'I'Pf^T: pass, to have a fixed allowance. 
P-r"): s. (1) « regular allowance of food, or un- 
prepared victuals appointed by a king or 
prince. Esther ii. 9. (2) a measure of solids, 
a quarter of a oro tl,: q-v. 

JlJ'C'J^t^' ®* ""^ '^^'^ '"^^ ^'■* maintenance ap- 
pointed by the king or prince. 

Jf C*"^^- ^' ^ quail. Ex. xvi. 13. Num. xi. 
31. Ps. cv. 40. 

Kd,H^- darXts'at, s. an Abyssinian plant, the 
leaves of which are used against rheumatism ; 
they are laid upon the affected parts, where. 

in a very short time, they draw blisters, and 
thus relieve the patient from his rheumatic 
^rt: and ^rtrt: v. a. to touch, come in contact 
irith, to handle. Gen. xxvii. 12 : ?iTt : fl.^ 
tV^: " if my father touch me." 2 Peter i. 9 : 

OCD'C: lor: po^^fj: "he is blind and 

T^rt: pass, to be touched. 
.^fl: part, o^ joy. — : ?VA: to rejoice, to he 
gild, cheered, lu have pleasure, to delight. Ps. 
xxxvii. 4 : n>Y" Rfi- !pnAU: 

"rejoice {delight thyself) in the Lord." .tifl: 
?irtT: V. a. to cheer, to gladden, delight, to 
make rejoice. 
^fl: s. a hut of twigs or brushwood. Lev. xxxiii. 

J^rn"!: Tigr. ^^rtrt.: i.q. ^f\: Matt. viii. 3. 

1 John i. I. Gen. xxvii. 22. 

T^liri: pass. i.q. T^rt:: 
£fjj": s. joy, rejoicing, gladness, delight. Gen, 

xxi. 6. 
^rt.-V: s. island, pi. J^rt^^ :: and ^tvt-'^:: 

Gen. X. 5. Isa. xlix. 1. 
^fi^: s. Ar. ui^v^i) pan, saucepan, cauldron. 
KflTi : adj. & s. rejoicing, cheerful. Isa. xxiv. 8. 

KflYl^: Ar. s^j village. pl.^Lj J^«TlllQ: 
"villages." Num. xxxiv. 4, 10.' 

^^: Eth. and Tigr. child, esp. son, boy. J^«I»: 
aa-HOO-f;: "son of the psalms," i.e. "dis- 
ciple,''' " scholar,'^ because the psalms form so 
promiiient a part iu Abyssinian instruction, 
pi. g«I»: mJH[oo.q'-f : ''scholars:" 

K.'V- J^C: "son of the Daro" (Vvarka), a plant. 

P3» : s. a sort of large beads. 

JS;_3»A: s. illegitimate child, bastard. 

K*? A : Ar. ijici mast of a ship. Geogr. 
J^^H-rt: v.a. to bruise, to pound, to triturate. 

'V^'¥-'t\: pass, to be bruised, pounded, tri- 
K1>^: Ar. Jj Heb. ppT v. n. to he thin, 

fine, tender, to fade, to tvither axcny. Gen. 

xli. 23. Isa. xxviii. 13. cf.^*I><I»: and 3^4^.^ :: 

hKI'*: .. . J^-fl: 

( 165 ) 


hR'P'Pz act. to mnke thin, reduce to dust, to 

pound, pulverise. Deut. vii. 24. 
K't^: (1) i-q- R^- Eth. child. (2) thin, 

minute, fine, powdered. 
J^3"t' ^- <^"y thiny powdered, pulverised, 

pounded ; dust, particle, atom. 2 Chr. xxxiv. 4. 

^«^3>: s. Ar. '{Md a minute (particle of time). 
Geogr. ' • 

j;juj Jlour, powder. 


(/onorrhaea ; emission of animal 

J^«t^" : s. At. 

*R^^: s. 

^•ftf: s. Gr. ^iaKovi(x, state, office, and dignity 

of a deacon or deaconess. 1 Tim. v. 9. 
K'l'K'P^ ^'- ^- '" wedge ; to drive down, e.g. 

a stake into the ground. 

I'KI'KI': pass. 
_^p : s. Dabo (1) in Shoa, i. q. K'F*{\^: (2} in 

Tigre, a sort of leavened wheaten bread, 
generally of the shape and size of dumplings, 
baked upon an iron plate, and overlaid witli 
bitter leaves, in order to prevent it from 
burning, al. '^'flfl^:: 

PQ : s. Daba, a yelloic-tanned coiu's skin, worn 
by the poor, and by monks, instead of, or 
over other clothes. 

yf\ : s. Tigr. a species of urtica. Botany. 

^n : s. Diibba, a gourd- or melon-like fruit, 
with scarcely any taste or flavour. 

J^n : s. a sort of beads. 

J^'fl : s. a den, hole for wild beasts. B. 

Jj^'TI : s. Ar. SjJ a she-bear. Hos. xiii. 8. 

J^TJ: TiTit]'^- s. according to many Shoa 
and Gurague informants, an animal which is 
said to live in Gurague, having the formation 
of a cat and of a lion ; and although being 
somewhat smaller tlian the latter, yet roar- 
ing more powerfully, so as to frighten all 
other animals ; and therefore it is called the 
kins of animals. No one however, of those 
whom we asked, had seen it; therefore its 
existence and nature remain still a matter 
of uncertainty. 

Kflft": s. a tanned sheep s skin, yforn by the 

Abyssinians over their other dress. 
PPA: s. the young of beasts of prey, ^^n 

i^ : — : "a young lion." Num. xxiii. 24. 
J^nA*?: "V- a. to mix, to mingle. 

?k^nA*I': trs. and cans, to cause, order, or 
allow mixing, mingling. Lev. xix. 19. 

•j-p q /\<|> : pass, to be mixed. Gen. xxx. 32. 
Lev. xix. 1 9. 
^'flA^: s. mixture, mingling, confusion. Lev. 

xix. 19. 
JSI-nA^A^- idem. 
K-IlC: s. Eth. ph 7\R^O and T\ll:ni.'V: 

mountain, esp. monastery, convent, as they are 

generally built upon mountains. 

K'fl<^: A.nrfl: (1) Mount Lebanon, in Sy- 
ria. (2) Debra Libanos, the most celebrated 
convent in Shoa, being the Apposed native 
place of the famous Tecla Haimanot, and 
the centre of his labours. A hot spring 
of water with very salutary qualities, wliich 
is foTind there, is believed to derive its 
healing powers from that saint, and always 
attracts large numbers of patients; and 
the very earth is carried away and used 
as a remedy against rheumatic complaints. 
That monastery is the chief seat of learn- 
ing for the kingdom of Shoa ; but as such, 
it seems to he inferior to Gondar. 

— : iXr: (1) Mount Sinai in Arabia. (2) a' 
mounfciiu of the same name near Adowa. 

— : ItPC,- (1) Mount Tabor in Palestine. 
(2) Debra Tabor, a town in the province of 
Bagammeder, the residence of the family 
of the present Ras. 

— : H^'l": Mount of Olives, near Jeru- 

— : RV^: Debra Damo, (1) a celebrated 
monastery in Agame, instituted, it is said, 
and patronized by Abba Aragawi. (2) A 
mountain near Adowa. 

— : O'h^: a mountain near Gondar. 

— : OP-T: Mount Zion. 
Rn •!> : V. a. to bury, to inter ; e.g. a treasure. 

TKn*!': pass, to be hid in the ground. 


( 166 ) 


Jg'fl^^: s. a kind of bread, made of the flour 
of peas. B. 

I^fh^: a. the south. Lev.xx\-i.l8. Ezek.xlviii.2L 

^H'tt : s. a large umbrella, wliicli, instead of a 
canopy, the priests carry about in procession, 
on certain solemn occasions. Tiie Kins of 
Shoa has generally two such J^IP^: of 
red velvet, with fringes, carried with him 
whenever he makes an excursion ; one car- 
ried on each side. 

Xrflf^' s. (1) tabernacle. Revel, xv. 5. gfl 
T^: fl9"0: "Tabernacle of the Testi- 
mony." (2) Dabtarii, title of Abyssinian 

Kn^fl: V. a. (1) to cover a house iviiharoof. 
(2) to beat, to fog. Mark xii. 4. 
TKn^H: pass, to he covered icith a roof; 

to be flogged. 
"T^nSn : intens. trop. to meditate, to be 
anxious aboid. Dan. vi. 14. 

K'Sl-^n-^ s. an account, a bill, a letter. 

^3: adj. poor, needy. 

J^;}i : s. back of a saddle, i.q. .C/hd-.P " 

^ '}'"£•: s. poverty, indigence, neediness. Mark 
xii. 44. 

J^'55'l': s. idem, not to be confounded with 
^tlTi^ ■ which also is often written with 
the '5:: 

gT : s. Shoa, forest, thicket, woods. 

g^z s. sulphur, brimstone. Shoa, J^^:: Dank. 

Deen. Gen. xix. 14. 
Pi: v. n. Eth. Vfi^: to become v-ell, reconvalesce, 
to become free, to be restored to liberty, safety, 
heolih, or happirirss, to be saved from any 
eviL Gen. xii. 13. Mark xvi. 16. Inf. 
ODPI: recovery, reconvalescence, salvation. 
7\S,i- (cot to confound with ?»Ki= "*° 
hunt") ; act. to save, to heal, cure, to deliver 
from any evil, to restore to well-being and 
happiness. Inf. trq^l: the saving, sal- 
vation, and concr. Saviour. 
Pi*?: V. a. to be wonderful, miraculous, sur- 
prising, admirable. (Seldom used : more ge- 
nerally. ^1^ : iCD' ::) 

^^J^H* : to wonder, to admire, to be surprised, 

astonished, amaxcd. 
Y\t\y,\^ : caus. to create astonishment, wonder, 
and amazement, to be cause and object of 
admiration, astonishment, &c. 
J^l^: s. wonder, admiration, astonishment, 

J^^^: KDf: "it is a wonder"; "it is ad- 
mirable," " excellent," &c. 
K^'i^: 7\Rd.l- or — : fm.: "he per- 
formed wonders, or miracles." Luke i. 49. 
g1<E«C^: or ,i^l>t»»C: ^dj- & s. Eth. KTI>a): 
" surdum esse." deaf; stupid, esp. the latter. 
pi. ;etl'l»^C^': and ^f^^'-Ct- >■ 
K^'I*"4.' "^- "• ^^ ^^ deaf or stupid, dull, silly. 
?iKi*I*"<^: act. to deafen, to stupefy. Isa. 
xxxiii. 15. 
P'Z^Cfi': s. deafness, dulness, stupidity, idiocy. 
^^ilAA:s. 2.5'. ^^B'flAA: coriander. Ex. 

xvi. 31. 
J^*}^: s. a turnip-like fruit, the taste of which 
somewhat resembles the potatoe ; it is indi- 
genous to Amhara. Bl. 
^'iYl: s. dwarf. 
^I'fX^: s. a tent. Gen. iv. 20. 
KlH : V. n. to be blunt, obtuse, not sharp. 

?iK^H : act. to blunt, obtund, grind off the edge. 
KlHH: V. n. to be stiff, pedantic, obstinate, stub- 

iK^iHH: act. to stiffen, obdurate. 
^I^C- "H-flih.: Tigr. a sort of thistle. 
J^'JJ^fl: s, back part of the neck, najie. 
KiJ^i: V. n. to be thick, fat, stiff. Gen. xii. 2. 
?iKlKJ : act. to fatten, stiffen, make obstinate, 

obdurate. Deut. ii. 30. Nehem. ix. 29. 
Kn^iJ^li: caus. to cause and produce fat- 
tening, &c. 
g'JPt': adj. thick, fat, stiff, obstinate, stubborn. 
Gen. xii. 4. ^xnT: — : "stiff-necked," 
"stubborn,'''' "obstinate,'''' "refractory." Ex. 
xxxiL 9. Gen. xlix. 20. 
^T Pi^: s. the rectum. 
P''^^^: s. thickness, fatness, obesity, stiffness, 

obstinacy, refractoriness. Deut. xxxi. 27. 
K.'^S. y • '*• ^i-<idle- sized sort of elepJiants" tusks ; 

J^l-IA: •■Sf.V- 

( 167 ) 

R^' R!^- 

the larger being called ?\^: and the smaller 
i»Alg-: of. both. 
JJ'TIA: s. virrjin m. & f., csp. the Holy J^ryin ; 
any person that has not had any sexual inter- 
course with the other sex. Ex. xxii. 17. pi- 

STilti. : s. a wether, castrated ram. Gen. xxii. 1 3. 
J^TI'^ A : s. Shoa. a youvg stallion, al. \i f^oq ;: 
^TIA: s. a large loose stone. Tigr. '^'fli: 

J^'nAT: s. virginity, state of a virgin, unmar- 
ried life, celibacy. 1 Cor. vii. 34. 
J^T7A^'T : s. idem. 
RYld,- non occ. 

?iKn«i: V. a. to talk one out of any thing, 
to dissuade. 
J^n-Tf : s. the moment. fX^Tl-t : " in a mo- 
ment,^'' "suddenly," "unexpectedly," "una- 
wares," " accidentally." 
^"iTH: V. n. to be dim before one''s eyes, to be 

KTl^: s. stone. Eth.^-ni:: Tigr. Vni.: 

and "Yx^P^X;.: 
K^rn: Vid. jE:^1X:: 
^'j-jrpf". s j'gjfiale servant, esp. chambermaid. 

Ex. ii. 5. 
Ji^nR:: K^lfR:: and ^YIQ: \.Ti. tobe asto- 
nished, amazed, affrighted, terrified. Ex. xv. 1 5. 
?iflKiTX: trs. to astonish, to amaze, frighten, 
terrify. Gen. ix. 2. 
^^^•X': adj. astonished, amazed, frightened, ter- 
rified, confused. Afl: — : "discouraged," 
"disheartened," "a coward." Deut. xx. 8. 
Jf ^.*JK.: s. astonishment, amazement, fright, 

^'3TR-C- ^- ^ small red stripe in a garment, 
between the fringes on the edge and the 
broad-coloured stripe. 
S,i&,' V. n. to exercise in arms, used of the army, 
esp. at the great annual review on the festi- 
val of the Invention of the Cross, on the 
26th and 27th of September. Isa. v. 29. 
vV- s. Eth, K^i,:: Ueh.t^'^^ judge, esp. arbi- 
trator. Gen. xix. 9. Rad. Eth. J^Pi:: 

P*5: s. Shoa. sulphur, brimstone, al. P*}:: 
J^Vl : s. an earthen or metallic basin. A wooden 

one is called 'Ifl^" Ex. xxx. 17. 
I^Yi : Eur. duke. 
^■Vl'A: or J^Y>A: a kind of roes, whose 

female is called iotj:: 
_I^VjaD: V. n. to labour, to exert oneself, to get 
tired, fatigued, to be iveary; to be loeah, fainting. 
?\KY10^*: v. a. to tire, fatigue, weary. Gen. 

xxxiii. 13. 
^Vj^U; a. fatigue, weariness, faintness, weak- ■ 

vess, debility, infirmity, labour, trouble. 
j^V}in^: s. fatigued, tired, troubled, faint, weak 

J^Vimj : idem. Num. xiii. 19. 1 Cor. viiL 7. 

Ps. xxxix. 4. 
KXiy- s. Eur. dukedom, duchy. Geogr. 
J^T : s. sickness, disease, illness ; a sick person. 
K(Dt\ : V. n. to sou-id, to be rung (of a bell). 

J^SfflA :\. Si. to sound, ring a bell. 
j^CDA: s. a bell. 
K(DA: s. Eth. territory, country. Acts ii. 10 : 

K(DA: A-flj?: " the Libyan country.-' 
RT't-: (1) n, pr. David. (2) meton. the 
Psalms of David. 

J^Tl,: s. Ar. j^Ijj the smallest coin in 
Egypt, the fortieth part of a piaster, twenty 
of which are a dollar, i.e. about four shil- 
lings. Matt. V. 26. 

J^Oh.P: adj. sick, ill, diseased, infirm; a patient. 

^qjj^tp. jjon occ. 

T^j^T.^T: V. a. to rustle, to make a noise, 
used of dry leather, stiff cloth or paper, &c. 
ji^ah^: s. a straw mat. 2 Sam. xvii, 19. 
f^y: Acts xiv. 12. Ala, ace. of Zeuf, Jupiter. 
S^^^l: s. BiuKovos, deacon, pi. P F^f^i: 

Phil. i. 1. "^ , 

K.y-ntvtl: s. hd/3o\os, devil. Matt. iv. 1. 
R^i: s. Heb. pT Ar. ^^^o Eth. "judgment" 

in genera!. Amh. the Last Judomsnt 
y.?X.: Eth. i.q. ^^: judge. Micah vi. 14. 
RS,'- adj. dumb, mute; and sometimes deaf. 

Ex. iv. 10. Luke i. 20. 


( 1G8 ) 


^JEJ": s. molar toolh. Shoa, the gums. 

*JC^*T^: 8. juniper-tree. Lud. 

K^: s. Tigr. ^T.:: (/oor, (/a/c, gateway, entry, 
avenue to any place. Gen. iv. 7. ^^": Hf : 
"to wait," "to expect," Ps. xl. 1. _f^j^: 
fy/^ffO; " chief (■n/r?/""hoii?c-rfoor," "gate." 
K^= J^Tl"^^: Dadjazinatsh, governor of 
a province. 

J^^f : s. a large and liea\'y iron rod, sharp at 
the bottom, used as an instrument for break- 
ing stones. Ps. Ixxiv. 5. 

K^-Hirg^: i.q. _^g-: J^-Hoq^Y-: Vid. sub 
S,^:: Esther viii. 9. Tigr. J^;!^!!!}'!^:: 

K^l^= contraction of J^^Ucnj^-:: Tigr. 

gT : V. a. io be great, respectable, virtuous, good, 

"h^l' V. n. to grow. Gen. i. 22. xxi. 8. 
^ki^KT: V. trs. to cause groiving, to educate, 
to train, to bring up. yTl,l^"JtJ: "May- 
He cause you to grow!'''' is said to a little 
boy when he sneezes. 

^"1: ) fem. ^7,'!^: adj. great, suitable, respect- 

KT.: > able, virtuous, strong, good. Heb. x. 1. 

^: (1) adj. high, tall. Ps. xxxvii. 36. (2) s. 
high country, mountainous country, table-land, 
opposed to <|»^ A : " low country." 
P— : H^: for Y\C^: "cedar." 1 Kings 
iv, 33. 

P "I : s. a sash, belt, girdle of cloth. 

p°|: s. a certain cane, the pitli of which is 
eaten, by the poor, while soft. The wood is 
burned instead of torches, with which the 
Abyssinians walk about on the eve of any 
great festivals. Bl. 

p*joti : V. a. to repeat, to do again, to repeat 
(pray) the rosary, to read. 1 Const ^"iqn : 
p<>|Oq: K°lOTJt|: .^"iO«il: &c. his (her, 
thy, &c.) repeating, i. e. " he also," &c. Ps. x. 18. 
•I-P'JOK: pass, to be. repeated, done again, 

read, &X'. 
Pjog : s. a re-peater, a reader. 
poiqo; conj, also; adv. again, equally, I'lkruise. 
gojgD; Eth. repeated. h6^- H— : "Deutq- 

J^^T": s. repetition, reiteration, the reading. 
Ex. vii. 12. 

^loxjif: Iq, U-A-ff: repeating, repealed, 
again, a second time. 

KT-rt : V. a. to stamp figures into leather, ivood 
&c. with a hot iron, esp. in bookbinding. 
'rj^T'rt: pass. 
?ifl.'?>f|: caus. 

J?!3.'''- adj. & s. prominent, protuberant, pre-emi- 
nent, strong ; a pre-eminence, protuberance, &c. 
Luke iii. 5. 

Pl.i^ : DAGUssA, an Abyssinian sort of grain, 
belonging to the genus panicum. The Abys- 
sinians have two sorts of it, a white and a 
black one, both of which are used for bread, 
which is inferior to the Tef-bread ; and for 
beer, for which it is preferred to barley. 
Ezek. iv. 9. 

JI^T^fl: s. (1) a figure, or figures, impressed 
with a hot iron into leather or wood, esp. in 
bookbinding. (2) a leather cover of a sheath 
of a sword ; sheath of a sword. 

_^"l''t" : s. steepness, steep ascent. 

^'^;^: idem. 

K^Ji'*!" • s- respectability, greatness, virtue, good- 
ness, strength, fitness, suitableness. 

*K7JB;1: v. n. to stamp, to tread. Bl. 

*^''t^1^ ■ s. the stamping, treading. Bl. 

K^'5.■ ^-a- to support, uphold, to assist, to refresh, 
refrigerate. Gen. xviii. 5, xxi. 18. Ex. xvii. 12. 
"VKI^- pass, to be supported, &c. 

Kl^' ^- '^ support, supporting 'instrument, foot 
of any furniture. Gen. xxvi. 19, 

*^'V- false spelling of J^J^: ? molar tooth, 
grinder. Bl. 

_^p*: s. a small k'ltchen-pot of clay. 

^0: Eth. J^^^fli: lubricity, slipperiness, the gli- 
ding, sliding. Ps. xxv. 6. 

J^d : ?iA: to be slippery, to slide, glide out. 

^^: v. a. to knock, to hit, strike, to beat. Mark 
XV. 17. Isa. Ix. 14. 

TK4.= P^^^- ^ ^^^- to be knocked, beaten, 
struck; to knock, heat, strike oneself; to 
thruw oneself down. Luke v. 12, 2 Chr. 
XX. 18. Dan. x. 15. 


( 169 ) 


K<5.«^= V. n. fo be bold, courarjeous, audacious, 
insolent; to take courage, to venture, to risk, 
to hazard. Ex. xxi. 14. 

K<{.C: s. & adj. bold, courageous, audacious, inso- 
lent, impudent. Prov. xiii. 3. 

J^<J,i: idem. 2 Peter ii. 10. V. n. to be unquiet, to ferment. Ps. 
xlvi. 3. 

'f\}ZA.^fl' act. to disturb, stir up, to agitate, 
of liquids. Ezek. xxxii. 2, 13. xxxiv. 18, 

Jf Q.f^'T: s. courage, boldness, audacity, insolence. 
J^tJ,"^ : s. a wild and fugitive animal resembling 

a cow. 
Rd,^'- v.n. to foam. Mark ix. 20. 

hR&.'P- trs. to make foam, cause foaming. 

• y ^ 

Kd,\ : V. a. Ar. ^^ to stop, fill up, stuff, to cram ; 

to choke up, to hide in the ground, to inter ; to 

overflow, to cover entirely. Matt. viii. 24. 

Gen, xxvi. 15. 
' tx^&li ■ intens. to choke up the fire. 
■ "VR^^- pass, to be slopped, filled up, choked, 

overflowed, &c. Gen. viii. 2. 
J^^'J: s. fulness, integrity, the whole. n^K" 

^T: "fully," "entirely;'' "wholly." adj. 

full, filed up, opp. to ^^'t-: " hollow." Ex. 

xxvii. 8, Ps. cxiv. 8. KQTi- ti°^- "an 

entire cloth," opp. to ^6.T- & "IC'^'fi: ?■'"• 
K<5.Kd,: non oce. 

'1''JJ^4.K<5.: V. n. <o tumble down. Judges 
V. 27, 28. 
R&J^' s. the husk of leguminous fruits or of 


^' §,1^'- DJANT or J ANT, the twenty-fifth 
letter of the Amharic alphabet. It is a sibi- 
lant, pronounced like the English J : it has 
no place in the ancient Ethiopic ; but in the 
modern ^\mharic and Tigre, it is frequently 
formed where the Ethiopic has the third or 
the .fifth order of the letters H: K: or T:: 
In common language, it is often confounded 
with "H': but attention to etymology gene- 
rally is sufficient to decide the orthogi-aphy. 

^tTOi^: V. n. & act. to commence, to begin. 
Inf. oo^OD^: the commencing, beginning. 
YiMii,: $.f"Q: "from this day," "begin- 
ning from to-day." 
T^o^d,'- pass, to be begun or commenced. 

Ex. xix. 13. 
J^flgtro^: caus. to make begin, cause to 
^on}i: s. one thai, begins, a beginner. 
^'tjrj-'f: s. a joint, juncture of the limbs, articu- 
lation. Gen. xxxii. 25. Eph. iv. 16. 
^cn;^9ii: adj. full of joints ; a lean, meagre 
person, the joints of whose body are visible. 
Is a nickname. Bl. 
^O s. Eth. X-HT: Tig. XHl.: the ear. 

Gen. xxxv. 4. 
P,Cfi : s. the back, " dorsum." Ex. xxiii. 27. 
S^C/V •■ s. porcupine, hedgehog. Bl. 
^i.t-: s. tail. Ex. iv. 4. ^^.'T- $'m^'l: 

(thin- tailed) "giraffe." 
^i-Q.'- 3. a cowherd. Bl. 

^UJ*: Esther ii. 3: g^.UJ^: W-ui-j: Ar. 

■''<'^i_ ■> ^ -J 
Jrf*.j=e I j^Lj« " Susan the Palace." 

g-'fl: s. Tigr.H'f1?i..- Ar. ^ hya;na, a very 

common animal in Abyssinia. 
^nC*P: s. an Abyssinian plant, resembling 

the bamboo. 

gnr: s. Ar. XJLte- a coffee-pot, a wash-kettle, 

a water-flask, 
^1:8. Vid. •H"J:: 

.^T: ilA"»l: s. "King's ornamenter," a very 
common title for Abyssinian mechanicians. 

X"?- ^^- u*- Amh. ^1.1: demon, genius. 
Isa. xiii. 24.' 

gi-t-: s. a sort of round beads, of red colour 
with blue spots. 

X'JK.: s. a hide of a cow or an ox, tanned or 

^"J^ZI : s. eunuch. 
J^H: Ar. g;^ nut, esp. cocoa-nut. Ex. xxxvii. 

19, Alla^liiq.v. 
K^R"' prob. from jjj^l a new piece of money. 

SJ^S^: 1AA: 

( no ) 

Maa: . lAnnrn: 

■ ^K'S.K"- ^^- ^'^' a cricket (insect). Lev. 
xj. 22. 
$,16"- ^l"! : — : shield-bearer. 2 Chr. xii. 1 0. 
^"If : adj. courageous, undaunted, fearless, brave. 

2\S<5.X«5.: V. a. to sprout, to shoot out, to 
burgeon, to bring forth sprouts, i.q. Hd,d..'- 


1: nyn^: gaml, the twenty-sixth letter of the 
Amharic alphabet, is a palatal consonant, 
pronounced like the English g hefore a, o, u, 
and consonants. 

— P : a tei-minating syllable affixed to substan- 
tives, with the power of a preposition, signi- 
fying about, near, by. fl.P.^^ : "about, near, 
by the door." flfL't'^: "near the house." 
U-A'^;^: |^fl'>;3:"a&o"f two, three." Shoa. 

— *!,: similar to the preceding: it signifies a 
direction, towards, to, by the side; e.g. «5.f|*L: 
"the head-side." "Js^CI.: "the foot-side." 
John XX. 12. "JS^T.: "hand-side," Le. 

l^iiV": s. Gr. yeewa. Av.J^heli. Matt. 

xvi. 18. From the Heb. Diin ''^ 
"Itj: or "Jtti: s. dawn of the morning. 
^A: V. a. contr. from l^A: to kill. Gen. xii. 12. 

"n A : pass, to be killed. 
I'A: V. n. contr. from 'h.'BIA : to want. Ps. xii. 1. 
lA: s. animalbody. Gen. xxxvii. 34. Ex. iv. 7. 

Isa. XX. 4. 
n A : s. Eth. lAO :: potter s icare, earthen vessel, 

potsherd. Ps. xxii. 15. Job ii. 8. 
Ha : V. n. to be resplendent, to glisten, to shine, 

be polished, to glow. Ezek. i. 7. Rev. i. 15. 

?»3 A : V. act. to polish. 
^A : n. pr. Galla, a nation in Africa. 
^A : s. loneliness, solitariness, state of being alone. 

n"7A: n<?l(D': "he told him singly," " being 

ahne with him." 
"htV' s. a roan horse. Bl. 
1i\t\ : V. a. to leave a person alone or to himself. 

1AA*5: imp. "leave me, that I may be 

alone ! " 

J^HAA: trs. to dismiss a company, in order 
to be with one alone. 

"fltXtV- pass, to be sent away, in order to 
leave a person alone. 

'^^3AA : to fornicate, to commit fornication. 
Jer. ii. 20. 
'1A,A : n. pr. Galilee, country in Palestine. 
1"A A : V. a. Eth. ^A(D " lo make round, to cover 

all around ; used of tents, and of the hanging 

of curtains round and over a bedstead. 

"TI^AA: pass, to be covered and veiled all 
'h-AA'V: s. (I) head or top of a tent. Ex. xxxv. 

11. Cant. i. 17. (2) chapiter of a column. 

1 Kings vii. 6. (3) an, urn of -clay on the top 

of thatched houses. 
le\^^%: s. a Galilean. 
f't^aafi : v. n. to arrive at the age of manhood, 

to be or become a young man, to be vigorous, 

strong of bodily power. Ex. ii. 1 1. 1 Chr. 

xviii. 10. Ps. xxxvii. 25. 
•j-s^ot;!^: s. a young and vigorous man. Gen. 

iv. 23. xxi. 20. John ix. 20. 
'h-A'^^rt'i'r: s. the age of manhood (of males); 

age of vigour ; manhood, vigour. Ps. ciii. 5. 
^AV^": and ;3Aq"'1': s. a whore, harlot, 

prostitute. Gen. xxxiv. 31. 
jA^'Wr: s. whoredom, jrrostitution, wages of 

prostitution. Hos. ii. 4. 
"IAf|: s. a caparison. 
'J'^AS- ^' *" Abyssinian plant. 
lAH : s. straw. Gen. xxiv. 25. 
*^ A n : V. a. to run (of horses). Amos vi. 1 2. 
lAinT: s. inversion, subversion, overthrow, 

tumult, revolution. Rad. 'JAfim:: 
•hAO't': s. (1) patella, the knee itself. (2) 

strength, bodily power. Gen. iv. 23. 
T"An^: adj. strong, vigorous. 
T'AniJ'T": adj- strong, vigorous, powerful, full 

of bodily vigour. Gen. xlix. 14. Jos. x. 2. 
lAflfn: V. a. to invert, subvert, overturn, over- 
throw, turn upside down. 

Tl A n m : pass, to be inverted, &c. 

lAHflfn: intens. to overthrow completely; 
also to jump. Gen. xix. 25. 


( 171 ) 



2\fn/\f|fn: caus. to cause being inverted and 

^A^'?*(1''1: s- perverted, perverse, suJyveried. 
Deut. xxxii. 5. Luke ix. 41. 

HAT ^^' s- overturner, perverter, revolutionist, 
unruly person. Prov. xiii. 2. 

'h-A'T: s. a fief, feudal tenure, territory granted 
by government for a continual possession. Gen. 
xlvii. 22. P— : ^C5^: "land-mark," Job 
xxiv. 2. 

^■^1X '• s- an earthen utensil, hollow and open 
above and below, broad at tlie bottom and 
narrow at the top, of about eight or ten inches 
long. Three of them are put together round 
a kitchen &e, to serve as a tripod for putting 
the cooking vessels upon : they are also used 
singly as stands for drinking-vessels (the 
(DT^:) to prevent their falling. Amos 
iv. 2. 

T^AJ^d.: V. n. to be blunt, to be bent at the edge 
(of cutting instruments), to have a blunt tongue, 
i.e. to stammer, stutter, to speak awkwardly. 
1 Sam. xiii. 21. Eecles. x. 10. 
ttiY\'ti^&,. ti's. to blunt, to make stammer 
or stutter. 

T^A^«i: adj. blunt, stammering, stuttering. Ex. 
vi. 12. 

1A7A: non occ. ' ■ < ■ ' ^ • -^ ■^'"'^ 
?il A^ A : V. a. <o serve, to wait on, to be sub- 
servient to. Gen. xxix. 15. 
•^^A^A: pass, to be served, waited upon, 

?lft^A^A : caus. to make serve, cause to serve. 

*^A^A: '^'- a. to conciliate, compose matters 
between two quarrelling parties. 2 Sam. 
xiv. 6, 

*1A1A: s. a foal, the young oi horses, a.sses, and 
rapacious quadrupeds. Gen. xlix. 9. 

I'Al-A: i.q- "lAlA" —•i'flC.: lynx. 

•J^ff): ■^^ 3- to uncover, unveil, to lay open or 
bare, to expose ; to discover, to reveal, inf. oo"^ 
A'P: "the opening^ "uncovering^ "reveal- 
ing," " exposing," " discovery," " revelation." 
•TIA fD : pass, to be uncovered, unveiled, &c. 
Gen. i. 9. viii. 5. 

JsfnACn*- caus. to cause uncovering, &c. 
Iti.'V : s. the interior margin of a written page. 
"I^'P: s. openness, distinctness, publicity, fl"! 

AT: "openly" "explicitly," " distinctly," "puh- 

lickly,"" in public." Neh.vuLS. Rad.lAm" 
lAR: c. derivv. i.q. lAflrt:: 
•l,h: s. Tigr. tmp: barley-bread. Bl. 
^c^g: v.n. to stink, be fetid, emit an unpleasant 


hl^^- ti^' to make stink. Ex. v. 21. 
>y": s. mist, dew, fog. Deut xxxii. 2. 
^orq: s. mane of a horse, a lion, &c, 
"19fn ; a bad smell, a stench. 
•Jmj: s. the female of the J^YTA: a sort of 

roes. . 

•jao^: and '^oxt^i: s. Ar. jj;^ Heb. ^Da, 

camel. Gen. xii. 16. xxiv. 10. 
•J.ora/v: s. a cow without horns. 

"Tioq/^A: V. n. to walk nimbly and proudly. 
'\ffOf^i\ : s. one who has a proud walk. 
•jono^: v. a. <o sefeci and clean grain, 

•t-lCTD^: pass. 
T-^<i,: hippopotamus, river-horse. 
*'}i^P*&'. Ar. j^;Ai>- Ezek. xxviii. 13. 
•jCFort : V. n, to be halved, to crumble, to be divided, 

shattered to pieces. Job xxxix. 24. 

J^lCTDrt : act. to divide into halves, to shatter 
to pieces. 
Itn^fl: s. half. Shoa. 
"Itnifj: s. half a loaf of bread; a morsel of 

TT^fl: s. the crumbling, the dividing into 

79^'fl: s. a large bird of prey. 
"igU'fl : s. a tower, a steeple ; a stone house 

(Shoa). Gen. xi. 4. 
•Jrpjp: s. a water-jar, containing from two to 

eight gallons. 
l9«n:: l\n:— : Tigr. i.q. yiQ^-^a :: 
IW^C- s- the front, forehead. Gen. xvii. 3. 

xxiv. 48. xiii. 6. 
«7!joq^: p^: a horse with a white forehead. 
"1*^^: s. stench. Isa. xxxiv. 3. Amos iv. 10. 
"^awi: s. a plant, belonging to the genus Cru- 
Z 2 

T-oq^A:- .-nUlK: 

( 172 ) 

^l4K.: . . . ICC: 

cifera, the leaves of which, resembling those 
of turnips, are eaten. Cabbage, and the like 
greens, are generally called PJ^£l.Q^j^": or 

*iaq,PA: At. JjU=-. Jer. ix 10. 
7au^: V. a. to make a cord, rope, cable. 
lOD^: s. cord, rope, cable. Ex. xxxv. 18. 
•Jooj^: s. a pole, perch. Matt xxvi. 47. 

2 Cor. xi. 25. 
Inmj^: s. an eunuch. 

'qtpa^ : silk and muslin cloth, p — : rL''r : silk- 
cloth house, the house where clothes, books, 
rarities, &c. are kept ; Abyssinians' treasury, 
library, museum, &e. P — : fL"!': h'*?": 
" keeper of the silk-stuff house." 
'h'troj^: and *Joii^: to have an inclination to 
any enjoyment, esp. carnal appetite, to cohabit. 
' Jer. V. 8. 

•t-l^iJO^: pass, to be enticed, excited to carnal 
intercourse, to be inspired with carnal appe- 
tites, to be cohabited uith. Gen. xxx. 38. 
2\f|'j»aiJ_^ : trs. to Infuse carnal appetites, to 
excite to sensual pleasures. Gen. iii. 6. 
•|£ro^o^D: v. a. to value the price of any thing; 
to bargain. 

•l•^a^o^wo: pass, to be valued. VlTl"" 
•JITD: n'\^: "above its worth, as settled 
by estimation," Lev. xxvii. 15. 
•^ijD^a^: s. bargain, agreement, estimation, the 

fixed price. 1 Kings xx. 39. 
•J9»^ij^: s. one who values, bargains, fixes any 

ojgng-: Vid.-llfi^:: 
7"!: v.n. Eth. T^M'O: to eructate, to belch. 
t\1^ : trs. to make eructate or belch. J?7 
xxi^^z "it causes me to eructate," "I eruc- 
"IJUJA : s. black or rather dark-brown leopard, 
inhabiting the countries of Narea, Caffa, 
and Gurague. 
«^uj''l': s. eructation. 

'lUlK: V. a. to reproach, reprove, chastise, to cor- 
rect, to punish. Gen. xxxL 42. 
•fTUlK: pass, to be reproached, reproved, cor- , 
reeled, punished. 

l^MX.: s. reprover, chastiser, corrector, punisher. 

Rom. ii. 20. Isa. xxix. 21. 
16.: V. n. to be meek, gentle, simple-hearted. Ps. 

xxxiv. 18. 
IC,: s. meek, gentle, mild. cf. H'C" 
"If^: s. meekness, gentleness, mildness. 
^<J.:s. part, of relation. Yl — :^6.:with. e.g. 

Yli: ^6.: "with me." »1A: — : "enemy." 

Isa. lix. 18. 
16.: s. left hand. (DR: — : J\A: "to go to 

the left-hand side.'''' Gen. xiii. 9. As direc- 

tion of the heavens, i.q. Ar. jUj*, North. 
Acts xxvii. 13. 

"It^: s. a young elephant. , 

l^^ao : V. n. to be ivonderful, astonishing, admi- 
rable, exalted, extraordinary, majestic. With 
ace. to whom. Ps. xxxi. 11 : 1^'F"'X^^&''- 
"I was an object of astonishment to them." 

cf. Ar. r^. 

•plQav : med. to wonder at, to admire, to be 

^xilld.^^^: trs. to make astonished ; to exalt, 
make astonishing and admirable. 
liL'P^: adj. wonderful, admirable, astonishing, 

exalted, majestic. 
ICJ^ : s. wonderfulness, admirableness, greatness, 

majesty; terror, astonishment, admiration. Ex. 

xix. l6. 
I^Cfo : At. ^ja- corpus, color, sonus. Job xli. 7. 

l^Cfuaro : v. a. to exercise a horse. 
IC.'^'P*: adj. & s. majestic, full of majesty. 

J-^l-j/OB^OD; v.n. & act. to be discontent, 
to murmur, to be rebellious, to be quarrel- 
some. Num. xiv. 35. 
T-iJ-J^I^A. : s. a bird of the size of a sparrow, 

whose volitation is considered by Abyssinian 

travellers, like that of the was, as ominous. 
1d.d.: v.n. to shout. 
1^6.1 s. the shouting, alarm of an army. Job 

xxxijc* 25. 
16'C,: s. the acacia-trce. 
•JC(^: s. Eth. "y-d,^:: the throat, oesophagus. 

Ps. V. 9. 


( 173 ) 


T"<irt: V. a. & n. to eat enormously, to be a 

*h"<Iifl : s, an immoderate eater, a glutton. 

li'tl '• Ar. i,_,oj9. a certain measure of grain. 
Ex. xvi. 36. 

^C'1'^1: one quarter of a gabi (^fl.:) or piece 
of Abyssinian cotton cloth, five Abyssinian 
cubits. Tigr. 

'J^fL'*!': and 'l^.n.'^'". s. neighbour. Ex. 
ill. 28. 

1^'i'^: s. meekness, gentleness, mildness. Ps. 
xxvi. 1. cf. ^O't-:: 

"I^.IJE^.^ : s. Eur. grand-duke. 

"I^rj^ll^: ' s. Eur. grand-dukedom, grand- 
duchy. Geogr. 

"y-dyt. s. an animal resembling a hare, but a 
little larger, with fine black hair on the back, 
and white on the belly. BL A species of 
rabbit ? 

T^H: s. a species of monkeys in Abyssinia 
with long white-and-black hair. 

It^K"- ^- a female servant. Gen. xxv. 6. 

^d.K- '^- * '° '"^^^' (^0^^' ^sp- ^i^'i a curtain. 
Job xxii. 14. 

"fP^^: pass, to be veiled, covered, pid behind 
a curtain. Gen. ix. 14. 

3<i.P: s- gluttony, debauchery, prodigality, dis- 
sipation, waste. Deut xxi. 20. 

"ICJ?" ^- rottenness of teeth; one who has rotten 

T"CR- bran, grudgeons, pollard. Ex. xxix. 2. 

•J^^s. a one-edged sword. 

1&.^: adj. (contr. of "I*;.: and "5^^::) left- 
Jianded; s. the left hand. Lev. xi v. 17. 

l-i.'JL:- I'i.l- and 16.1: ("country on the 
left?") Gurague, a country to the S.W. of 
Shoa, inhabited by Mohammedans, Christians, 
and Pagans ; partly tributary to the King of 
Shoa, and partly subject to several of its own 

•Jf—Jaq: s. gap of a tooth. Shoa. 

•Jp'Jaijj^: s. a toothless person. 
t'C'lfnj; s. a person who has lost several 


Tx'it'd.'y"^' ^* ^- ^^ murmur, to grumble, to 
maunder, to grudge. Ex. xv. 24. 

If^l,^.: Ar. 'i^j>-a species of odoriferous herbs. 

Isa. xvii. 6. 
1C,1C.lJt: s. murmuring, noise, tumult. Ex. 

xxxii. 17. 2 Kings ii. 1. 

•lejn : 

^xYtd.lii' "•'•i^- i" become knotty or Umpy — 
of a dough, when coagulating upon the 
fire. Bl. 

iW'd.f^ • '^- °- '" store at, to gaze at. 
T-CT: s- ofrog. Tigr. :J'H>,:: Bl. 
3<^*Tj : Ar. ii£)'J> stinging-nettle. Pro v. xxiv. 31. 
"l<i.CCt: s. a mule of white and black colour. 
1d,A,: V, a. to whip, scourge, to punish, to cudgel, 

to beat, to fog. Ex. v. 14. 

"Tld.^' pass, to be whipped &c. Lev. xix. 20. 

?ifj'I^«5.: cans, to cause or order to be whip- 
ped &c. Acts xxii. 25. 
"H.^.'- s. whipper, scourger, fagellator, beater, 

piunisher, Isa. l. 6. 
"IC^- ^- o stroke with a scourge, pi. '7(^4,'t': 

scourges, flagellation. 2Cor. xi. 24. Jobix. 34. 
"V-CjEi.: s. a shower of rain. 
'^C&fV'- s. the scourging, flogging, flagellation. jYi:i„»r. 
'H'l't^A: V. n. to be miserable, wretched, su^er-^ '"-•^f'' 

ing, poor ; to be dirty. Ps. xiv. 1. 

?i*T°!*l4^A : act. to make miserable, wretched; 
to soil. Gen. xlix. 4. Lev. x\'iii. 23. 
T-ri^A: adj. & s. miserable, wretched, poor ; a 

wretch. Rom. vii. 24. 
T^ri«P^£^: adj. idem. 

7'^fl«|>"-^{': s. misery, wretchedness, distress. 
Ifllfl : v. n. to walk fast, to hasten. Isa. xxvi. 9. 

?kTrtTrt: trs. to make walk fast. 
Ifl^h: s. one that icalks quickly. 
;jn: s. shield. Al. TA^-:: JlH: ("O ^"<^ 

:j^pnC= for;3nr: t^Q: liter, "shield and 

lance," i.e. "comnlete armour," "arms of 

defence and offence." Num. xxvi. 2. 
*M i : s. dregs of beer, of mead, or of wine ; must. 

— : R^-: "must," "new wine." Acts ii. 13. 

i.f : . . . n-nc: 

( 174 ) ino • . • •I'^V ■■ 

lh: s. a plant, the leaves of which are vised in 

the preparation of mead and beer. 
•Jfi : and >h : bitffalo. Amos vi. 12. 
Tl: v.n. & a. to mfcr, go in, to set. Is con- 
structed with (DK: or without it with the 
accus. and nominative. The phrase, e.g. " he 
. entered into my house," is rendered (J)^: 
a-t: n:: n.'t'}: 'JH: and in common 
language often fft: 'JT:: R.-hJC: IH: 
"the sunset.'" 
t\lf\ : tre. to enter, cause going in ; to marry 

(of a man). Gen. iv. 19. 
Tin : pass, to be introduced or entered ; to 
be proper or becoming ; to become; to be 
necessary; to be married (of a woman). Gen. 
iv. 13 : ftCP'l-: "Kl^JEln"! : " that for- 
giveness is not due to me," i.e. " that I am 
not worthy of thy forgiveness." Esther 
iv. 2: niT-A": k&: ouiq^: ^AA 
Tn : " because he was not allowed to enter 
by the king's door." 
h^H- trs. to marry, a son or a daughter; 

act. to marry a wife. 
"T^n : pass, to be married (of a wife). 
?i7nn: reiter. to use to marry, to use to 
cohabit; to do what is proper, to behave 
properly or becomingly. 

Pn,- adj. current in trade; esp. a fuH piece of 
cotton cloth, having the proper measure of 
twenty Abyssinian cubits, and current in 
"If!,: s. the entering in; entrance, the inside, 
^ interior, opposed to the flhtO." 
'7'ii/i,: Ar. Jjua- muurdabwus; also, soidh or 

south-west. " Joshua xiii. 5. Ps. cvii. 3. 
in^S,: s. farmer, agriculturist. Gen. ix. 20. 
*lvf|(^: s. a scrofulous pimple. Bl. 
Illt^' V. a. to pay tribide, to be tributary. Gen. | 
xlix. 15. 
'pin^' pass, to be obliged to pay tribute ; to 

be paid (of tribute). 
T^tlin^'- V. caus. to cause, make or order to 
pay tribute ; to take tribute. Dan. xi. 20. 
7"llC' Eth. servant, slave, used in Christian 

names; e.g. l-nd,: yxlHYx-nUhC.: "ser- 
vant, or slave of God." 
^•f^C^ s. (l) work,labour; e.g.'^-m.: ""C*^: 

"quilted work." (2) tribute, customs, duties. 
Dan. xi. 20. Deut. xx. 1 1 : "?-nC: P^^rtT = 
"one that pays tribute," "tributary." 
7nCn<i,: s. a cloth which is striped white and 

red. Shoa. 
'h'tli.^l^: s. a scrofulous person. 
l-nil: s. barley. Ex. ix.31. The following 
different sorts of barley are found in Slioa : 
(1) jep.: crrjO^'l: is quite white. (2) TiJ 
C- **?(D'T,: is mixed white and brown. 
(3) nCy: flKS:- quite black. (4) l^a^ -, 
grey barley. (5) (DC-pR: white. (6) T} 
jijf. grey, with short ears. (7) tl'i^: 
ODf : perfectly white. (8) orjQytju: hQ: 
is white, and has thick and full ears. 
(9) rti^: «I*A»: is good for nothing but to 
be fried and eaten. (10) A^A^P: is sown 
about the end of Nahasse, and eaten on the 
festival of the Cross. (11) a sort which 
has a short stalk. (12) T\fl"^: l^^ii:: 
(13) P/;.«ii^ri: ;jtnj: horse's mane, with long 
husks. In Tigre, they have the following 
three sorts: (1) RA,qo: black barley. 
(2) rtt^rt**: white barley. (3) ch^G.'- 
white barley, but different to the before- 
mentioned sort. 
^.n'^: s. (l) Eth. Vl-n/^ : Heb. 113 

Ar. Aii the liver. Ex. xxix. 13. (2) Ar. 
ixc a bay, gulf, an inht. Geoo-r. 
^n:^: s. a wooden bason. Shoa, a table twisted 
of reeds. Ex. xxxiv, 1. improperly for SA: 
q.v. xxviii. 36. for " plate." 
*im: s. sister-in-law. Ruth L 15. 
T-nr: s. a species of lizard. Gen. xlix. 17. 

Deut. viii. 15. 
"hflT: V. a. to explore, spy out, to search, to visit. 
Gen. xxvi. 8. 

Tl-nT: pass, to be explored, &c. 
^iflT-flT: caus. to cause to be explored, 

I'HV'. and T^riv:: s. an explorer, a spy, « 
visitor. Gen. xlii. 9. 


( 175 ) 


I'Tl^: and l-l^: s.a congregation, a meeting, 
an assembly, an association, a society ; a band, 
a gang, a set, a horde. Gen. xlviii. 4. Ps. 
xxii. 25. Rad. 1-T\Y\: Eth. 

IflH: V. n. to be useless, unfd, faithless; to 
dissemble, to act the hypocrite, to fail. Jer. l. 14. 

^'n'H : adj. & s. unfit, useless, faithless, false, 
a dissembler, a hypocrite. 

T-rm: s. pi. T-nHH-t-:: a young man, a 
youth. Ex. xxiv. 5. 

"I'fl'Hr: s. unfitness, uselessness, faithlessness, 
falseness, dissimulation, hypocrisy. 

"I'fl'HVt-:s. idem. 

'h-fl'Mi'l': s. youth, age and state of a young 

*Jn.^: s. market, market-place; place of com- 
merce ; commerce, trade in general. Gen. 
X. 11. 

in^d: Ar. .Us- pi. of g.Us- bracelet, worn on 
the wrist. Isa. iii. 20. 

?i')"ni^n: V. n. to be over-curious, saucy; to 
care too much about things which one does 
not understand ; to care about other mens 
^TI3^ : s. an envious glullon. 
T^nni: V. n. to stoop; to be crooked, crippled. 
Ps. X. 10. 

^nT"!! (U • trs. to make sloop, to bend, to curve, 
to make crooked. Ps. Ixix. 10. 
•J»n"l: adj. & s. curved, bent, crooked; a 

'h'flT: idem. 

^•flR■: Ar. kJ Gr. Aiyimro^, (1) Egypt. Ps. 
Ixxviii. 12. (2) general appellation of every 
country beyond the Red Sea. 
^'^R.: Ar. -jlaw Egyptian; a foreigner from 

any country beyond the Red Sea. 
P'V- V. a. to make (infants or young cattle) 
drink out of one's hand, according to Abys- 
sinian fashion ; tlie hollow hand being held 
close to the infant's &c mouth, and filled 
with milk ; and, when thought necessary, even 

the nostrils are stopped, so as to force the 
infant &c. to drink. 
1,^: s. Tigr. 1~jC^: Galla and Gurague, 
" gofta," master. Lord. Gen. xviii. 12. xxiii. 6. 
a gentleman, a nobleman, a man of rank and 
"J^: s. an earthen granary, of the same form 
as a ^G^i smaller than a "iTd.: but often 
confounded with it. Matt. iiL 12. 
'\'\'d,' V. a. to bend the bow, lo stretch, to strain, 
to extend. Ex. xxxvi. 31. Ps. vii. 12. 
'T'l'Tt^: pass, to be bent, stretched, &c. 
"J"'!'*?. : s. an earthen granary, larger than the 
*i^: but of the same form. Gen. xli. 48. 
Isa. xxxix. 2. improperly for " treasury." 
*}'f T: V. a. to drag, to trail, to force to go. 
Matt. V. 41. 

T')TT: pass, to be dragged. 
T^'VJ': s. any means for dragging, trailing, 
training ; a trail, train ; Cant. i. 1 1, a drag- 
T"*!"!: V. n. to have the hair combed in curls. 
iVV-Vi- act. to curl one's hair. 
T'hTi: pass. i.q. 'hfi" 
T-Tf: s. hair which is laid in large curls; hair 
which is combed straight and high ; concr. a 
person with such hair ; a haughty, highminded 
person. 1 Cor. xi. 14. 
I't'l'lf: s. mastership, lordship, state and rani 
of a nobleman or a gentleman. 2 Peter ii. 10. 
Isa. xxxiii. 17. 
1^: s. the leading bull, who goes before tlie 

herd. Num. xxiii. 1. Ps. xxii. 12. 
1\: V. n. to be beautiful, glorious. 

Kn-. act to beautify, glorify, magnify; to 

praise, celebraie. Ps. xxxiv. 3. 
?ifl'li: idem. 
ir: conj. yet, still, not yet. esp. with negation; 
e-g. — : ?iAo«"19": "he is not yei come." 
If: iOP: "it is not yet " sc. time. 
P'i: 3. a jar of clay, capable of containing 
from 20 to 30 gallons, and used for fluids 
and for grain. 
TJ: conj. but, however. Gen. ii. 14. When 
standing by itself without YIQ'- or JE^q-. its 


( HG ) 



adversative quality is incomplete, and it is 
best rendered by "however": with YIC: 
or ^d : it completes the contrast : " but." 
•il: or T-1: coutr. from *Jjf T: the sidp, a rib. 
Num. xxxiii. 55. Job xxxi. 20 : 'J'jr: *Ji.: 
" both his sides." 

ti.'Y°\'^t\: V. n. io germinate.. 
"n-fl : s. i. 9. T/n-fl :: Cant. iv. 4. 
T°lnrt: v.a. /o bend. 

'T"'r"ini*i: pass. & refl. to be bent, to bow, to 
stoop. Gen. xliii. 23. Mark i. 7. 
^^^■^: s. Genbot, the eighth month of the 

Abyssinians, beginning the 7th or 8th of 


UT: s. Heb. n23 Ar. 2jl». garden, used in 
Amh. only of the T.K''^:* IVt" • "garden of 
delights," i.e. " Paradise." Gen. ii. 8. 

TH: v. n. Ar. '^ "luxuriavit herba," to be glo- 
rious, magnificent, majestic, beautiful, delight- 
ful ; to fiourish. Ps. xxxvii. 35. ' 
^^^i5: trs. to glorify, to make flourish. Luke 
i. 58. 1 Pet. V. 10. Ps. xxxvii. 34. 

3i.T: s. Ar.^a demon, pi. Ih^^'Yi^ :: 

^5•5•: adj. beautiful, glorious, magnificent, flou- 
rishing, majestic. 

TJl'T: S. beauty, flourishing state, prosperity; 

• honour, magnificence, splendour, majesty. 

li"i\t- s. idem. Ps. xxxv. 28. 

tYi": V. a. to be together, to be joined, join together. 
?klf "F: trs. to bring together, to make to meet, 
to join together ; e.g. HKVi'- yii"Ti: 
" May He (God) bring us together (again) 
in health (liappiness, &c.) ! " parting wish 
with which friends take leave of one 
another. Ex. xxxvi. 13. 
TirT: pass. & n. to be joined, to be brought 
together, to meet, to come together. Gen. 
xxix.ll. Ecclix. 11. aoli-'Y^: "junc- 
ture (of circumstances)." 

"fT^: miiture, juncture, meeting. Lud. 
liH: V. a. to bury, id perform the exequies for a 
. defunct person. 

"VHhW : pass, to be burled. 
ITH'n: s. property, estate, wealth. TJHfL: 
la>*: "itismjjie." Is used also in the plural ; 
e-g- llHP-f;: r^U-: "you are mine!" 
"belong to me!" expression of endearment 
or flattery. Gen. xxiii. 9. 
•J^^JEJ'■. s. stem, stalk, trunk of plants. 
Tijl^: idem. Gen. xlix. 11. 
T}^: s. temple-bone, ear-bone. 
't'\K/\ • V. a. to emasculate, castrate. 

'TT'lJ^A: pass, to be emasculated, castrated. 
'^■^K,A: adj. emasculated, castrated. 
T-'l^T : s. a sort of ants. 
^''5^-A: ^^'i- a certain sort of beads. 
I'Yl'-Y- V. a. to plait, twist, to braid. 
"I'T'l'h'l: pass, to be plaited, &c. 
'h•^^■•'}: adj. plaited, braided, twisted; s. the 
plaiting; a lock or ringlet of hair. Judges 
xvi. 19. 
ITf: s. a scorpion, a very common animal in 

Abyssinia. Deut. viii. 15. 
•J^TCP"-" and T^TOl,: s. Ital. ''guancia," cheek. 

Ps. XXX. 9. 
ITCP-: s. oafs. Bl. 

^~lX<5,: V. a, to adorn, to dress handsomely, to 
embellish, to decorate, to garnish. 
T'l^rXfl.: pass. & refl. to adorn, dress oneself. 
TiG,: and T7°^: s. ganfo, an Abyssinian 
meal, consisting of wheaten flour, whicli, 
with a little boiling water and a large quan- 
tity of butter, is kneaded to a thick paste : it 
is then made up into large globular balls 
and eaten, especially by lying-in women. Ex. 
xvi. 31. 
11<5.A : V. n. to boil over. 

?l^i£5.A: act. to make or allow the boiling over. 
I'iQ.A' s. the boiling over; that which boils 

"niT" '^^4.^: or "|9n4,T: s. a cold, cough, 

catarrh, rheum. 
TJ": non occ. 

2\lT: V. a. to find, discover, find out, invent. 

Gen. xxxviii. 20. 
"TTF: pass, to be found, to exist. 
I-"?! : s. Ar. _ y>. woollen cloth. 

T.TC^: . . . T.H.: 

( 177 ) 

'iVld.: . ■ 1J^ 

T.TCM': Ar. J^;lf millet. Ezek. iv. 9. 

7a>'H : s. a water-vessel of clay, similar to a 
tub, about two feet high, and as much or more 
in diameter, of equal width at the top and at 
the bottom. 

lay'li- A.r. j^ nut, esp. cocoa-nut. Gen. 
xliii. 11. 

^.(p^<5.d.«6: adj. yecjiypa<piKos, tj, ov. geogra- 

1Q)"I<5»<5.^ : s. y£uypa(pta, geography. 
l^Q: Eth. a groan, a sigh. Jer. xxxi. 15. 

'lOl : Ar. iiMs- a quiver of arrows. Job 
xxxix. 23. 

"lO'H: adj. (1) Elhiopic. (2) original (a) de- 
signation of the first order of letters in the 
Alphabet, (b) original icriting, book, &c. 

IH- V. a. to bug, purchase; to possess; to 
govern, to reign. Gen.i. 26. 
?klK : trs. to subject, oblige to serve. 1 Chr. 
xvii. 10. 

TTH: pass. & n. to be purchased, possessed, 
governed; to serve; to be subject. Gen. 
xiv. 4. xvi. 11. 

2\fnH: caus. to cause to be purchased, pos- 
sessed or governed ; to make serve, to sub- 
ject. Gen. xxiii. 4. Heb. ii. 8. 
UH- "^'- n. to be in prison. Eth. "liber fait vel 

factus est." 

?»3H - ^^^- ^^ imprison, cast into prison. Gen. 
xlii. 24. Acts xvi. 24. 

"T^H : pass, to be imprisoned. Luke iv. 18. 
;jH: V. n. Eth. lOH: "castra movit," "pro- 

fectus est," " migravit." to travel on, to march. 

2\^H: V. n. to amble, to ride amhlingly. 
'hYi'. s. an expedition, a journey, a m.arch, esp. 

a day's march. 
^.TI : s- Eth. 'lO'H : a troop of marching soldiers, 

company of travellers on their inarch, caravan. 

Gen. xxxii. 21. 
1H.: and ^H.: s. time, ^l^^: T,H.: & hTi 

K"IH.: "one time,'" "once." paoVn^; — -. 

"harvest season." Gen. ii. 4 : flTd^fn^J,: 

tH.: " at the time when they were created." 

7H4:v.a. Heb. nW Ar.^js- " abscidit," to 

circumcise. Gen. xvii. II. 

"flHd.' pass, to be .circumcised, ibid. 
"IH'C* ^'^J* circumcised, pi. "IH-d."}" Rom. 

iii. 30. 
IH.^' ^^' hi/^ island. Acts xxvii. 16. 
TH«i^: s. circumcision. Ex. iv. 26. 
TH'O't": s. circumcision, state of a circumcised 

THT: V. a. to excommunicate, to curse. Num. 

xxiii. 7. 

'TTH't'; pass, to be excommunicated, cursed. 
"IH'i^: s. possession, government, ^province, do- 

minioru Gen. x. 10. Rad. IH" 
TH"!*: s. eicommunication, interdict, anathema, 

curse. Had. IHl".: 
"||Hi^: s. prison, imprisonment. Gen. xl, 7. 

Rad. PH". 
ll^'li'V- s. prisoner. 2 Kings xix. S. 
IH^: or "IH^: (from 7M: and >»j^:) s. 
free-will, spontaneity. fllH^: "by itself," 

"of its own accord," Acts xii. 10. 

"mHlH: v. n. to stutter, slammer, of. 

1H<5,: Eth. v. n. to be great, large. 

?i'IH^: Eth. to magnify, to enlarge. Amh. 
to indurate, to harden. Nehem. ix. 17. 

IJffl: and ^Jfi: s, (1) buyer. (2) possessor. 
(3) master. Lord, esp. Governor, prince. Num. 
XXV. 5. pi. TK'"Jr: and ^^'KH^r. Eph. 
L 21. ^A%: — : "grand-prince," "grand- 
duke." Geogr. 

"X^- s- a sort of lentils, said to have the sin- 
gular effect, when eaten too freely, of un- 
loosing the joints of the body. The'Tigric 
denomination rtfli: (from tlUd.:' "to 
break") has perhaps a reference to that 

"1^: s. necessity, obligation, constraint, power, 
force. n°l^: and p^^g- :" needs," "of ne- 
cessity," "by force"; "scarcely," "hardly." 

PIK"- ?»A: "to oblige," "to force," 


2 a 

AIJP.:.. ^>KA: 

( 178 ) 

Yxtll'Kt^: . ■ IRIS.- 

insist uix)n," " to press on a person." Geu. 
xxxiii. 1 1. "1^: ?\A : " it is neetssarjV and 
i-q- PIR: ?»A: Matt. xiv. 22: "|J^: 
PA9^: "it is not necessary," "it matters 
not," "is of no importance. P1^: "of ne- 
necessity," " rather," Matt. vi. 30. 
'^''Ji- V. a. to force, ohlhje, necessitate, con- 
strain, compel. Num. xxiii. 8: VT: ?i"i 
V^ :" what forces," "obliijcs me?" "what 
do I care for?" Matt xiv. 10: A^^rfK 



li n ix"''T5-'f = 

■ wiiat 

forces their departure upon you?" "what 
obliges you to their departure" (to let 
them go) ? 
"hR- interj. of astonishment and surprise. 

(D^: l-R- "oh wonder!" i.q. OU-'U" 
•J^P: V. a, Eth. t'^'f^i "percussit." to injure, 
to do harm, to spoil. Gen. xxvi. 29. 
•t't-P: pass, to he injured, spoiled, to suffer 

harm, injury, or damage. 
ftfll™}^: cans, to cause injury, harm, and 
damage being done. 
"XSL- s- '^ by-room, adjoining apartment (Slioa), 
separated from the chief room, which is in 
the centre of the house. 
IRti-. and lA: Eth. «I>'rA: Tigr. ^^TA.:: 
Heb.VtO,'? At. ji3 to kill. 
•nKA: pass, to be killed. 
"t^Ki^- to struggle, to wrestle, to strive, to 
endeavour ; to fight, to combat. Jer. ii. 29 : 
^6jn-5 : na.C,R ■ ■'Vj^trV^'^lh - 
" why do ye combat (struggle against) me 
in judgment ? " 
1R'£V- 9. fight, conflict, combat. 1 Cor. vii. 11. 
1^^: s. a precipitous declivity, a precipice. Isa. 

xxiv. 17. 
I'FA: V. n. & act. to be deficient, to be wanting, 
insufficient; to want, to lack; to decrease. 
Gen. viii. 1 : CD^rlCD-*!": >KA: "and the 
water decreased" Isa. Ix. 20. 
?i'J»j?A : trs. to produce want ; to lose. Ex. 
V. 8 : ^o-jgu; J^^-T-^A-: "ye shall not 
diminwA, ought (thereof):" xxi. 10. Matt 
xvL 26. Eccl. iii. 6. 

?iflT°,^A: caus. to cause and produce want, 
lack, deficiency. 
'i'-K'A: s. want, lack, deficiency, decrease. 
l"-^^-- adj. wanting, lacking, not having suffi- 
'hSA": s. i.q. "h-J^A:: Prov. x. 21: flAQ 

T©': T'KA": ^VJ'A-: "die from want 

of heart." 
IjjjOD : V. n. to be side-ways, to be secluded. 

•f^^OO: to go out of the way, to go apart, to 
go secretly. Rulii iii. 4. Lament ii. 21. 

XlPrm; idem. Gen. xxxviii. 16. 
ipijo; s. a place out of the nay; a convent, 

monastery. Ps. Ixxviii. 12. 
•]paij<ij: s. an hermit, a monk. 
I^d,' V. n. to be light-green. 

"Vl^^- to turn light-green. 
•J^f: s. a way, road, path; trop. custom, 

fashion, law. Ex. xviii. 20. 
1=^*}: s. i.q. *1~1: side, rib. 
I' adj. &s. hurtful, injurious, unwholesome ; 

a man who likes to do injury. Rad. I'-^:: 

^J^^•. s. Eth. •f^TA" Heb. T^lp Ar. JJU 

one who kills, a murderer, a man-slayer. 5 Q,|*l : 
IP^: intens. "a wilful murderer." Num. 
XXXV. 18. Rad. 'Jj^A:: 

"IPJE: s. that which is killed, esp. a carcase. 
Job xxxix. 30. Isa. xxvi. 21. Rad. Ij^A:: 

•J^P JJ: s. want, need, necessity, a requisite, busi- 
ness, desire. Gen. xlvii. 24. Rad. ^^A" 

1^^: V. a. i:q. ?i^^:: to force, necessitate, to 
oblige; to injure, to produce want, to spoil. 
Luke xxii. 35 : ?i1^¥: I^^^Hhl: "Has 
it done you any harm?" "Have you been 
the worse for it?" Eccl. vi. 2. "yoT: 
l^g^: "What do I care for it?" 

'I'UKJS- '^- °' '" y^ory, to boast, to pride one- 
self. Num. XV. 30. 

1°K1'K= Amh. non occ. Eth. 'Y'R'Y'S.- " pu^" 
hTYh^rt"^'- '^- ^ '° thunder. Job xl. 9. 

I-'R'XR- s- pii, ditch. Gen. xiv. 10. 

"|^"|P : s. a wall, a partition. Ex. xiv. 22. 

1^1S.= • ■ IfV": 

( 179 ) 


*l^"ljlZ: s. gid'digid'dy, a bird of prey, a 

species of heron. 
IRd,'. v.n. Eth. and Tigr. Iq. •f(D:: Amh. to 

mistake, to forget, to deviate, to err. Lev. iv. 2. 

"t^^d,' pass, to be mistaken or to have 

?ifnK<5,' caus. to cause or produce a mistake, 
to make forget. 
^■^^: s. sweepings, rubbish. 
^Je■<5,^: s. i.(j. f^^G/f:: Eccl. ii. 2. 
1^: s. oats. 
*J^: s. a thatch, a roof of straw ; a small thatched 

house ; a bird^s nest. Deut. xxii. 6. 
•J^tjn : Godjam, name of a large province in 

Abyssinia, through which passes the Abys- 
sinian Nile. 
1\l,' s- <2»i owl. 

31^- V. a. to bake. Ex. xii. 39. 
t^PI^: idem. 

f^l^: pass, to be baked. Lev. ii. 4. 
fttl^yi^: caus. <o cojise or order to be baked. 
P0&- s. m. P^i'pz f. one who bakes, a baker. 

Hosea vii. 4. 
'V-'h^. s. an owl. Lev. xi. 17. i.q.'h'X:: 
33V. s. Tigr. '/\'fi: Ibis, a bird of prey. 
1*J_E: s. Eth. a grievous sin, a crime. Ex. 

xxxiv. 7. Rad. 1^'IP:: 
^ fR: v.a. to gnaw off entirely, to consume wholely. 
P'V- s. a stable for a horse or mule. 
Ifflfio; V. a. & n. to bring together, to join and 
ft together ; to suit. 
•j-nn-jfrn ; pass. & n. to be joined, Jitted, suited; 

to join, to suit. 
•f'^ffltni: intens. & recipr. to ft to each 

other, to suit each other. Ex. xxvL 3. 
J^^JIJfnJ: act. to bring and join together. 
Ex. xxxvi. 16. 2 Clir. xxxiv. 11. 
«>|'pao; s. the joining, suture, juncture; in 
poetry, a rhyme, the rhythm. 2 Chr. xxxv. 25 : 

"they fitted together the rhymes of their 
TP9": h.ti: i-q- lfDO«: and Tlflicro:: 

"IT*?": 'h^^^l^• ^9- h:)mo«: and^m««^r 

T-fll^: s. a f weeps, fire-tongs. Ex. xxxviii. 3. 
Isa. vi. 6. Vid. am^Q^^^jl: and P>»^: 

"jrei,: s. a species of grass. Shoa. ^iT^CEJ,:: 

Isa. xxxv. 7. 
jCEj,: non occ. 

■f^CEi,: and TJCQ.: v. act. to stamp, to 
trample, beat the ground (of linrsps) ; in 
pound (in a mortar) ; to clapper, to chatter, 
to rattle; to stumble. Isa. lix. 10. Ezek. 
iii. 13. Hos. X. 14. Jer. xlvii. 3. 
?ij5ER,: act. to pound, stamp to dust, pul- 
verise. Jer. Ii. 20, 21. 
TRt ^th.s. face, front; meton. the exterior or 
front-margin on a wTitten page. TR: f\^ 
Tn^: " acceptable presents." Gen. xxiv. 53. 
IX": s. beauty, fairness, ornament, adornment, 
attire. Gen. ii. 1. xxiv. 47. 
JiTLS : V. denom. to be fair, beautiful, adorned, 

beautifully dressed. 
hifllK '■ act. to adorn. Ex. xxviii. 37. 
^KO : v.n. to be vjounded, hurt, used of horses, 
mules, &c., when wounded under the saddle. 

TlKn: to squirt, to spirt. Bl. 
"LR* : adj. beautiful, ornamental, luxurious, 

splendid, sumptuous. Ps. cxxii. 7. 
14,: V. a. & n. Eth. 1^0:: to push or run upon 
any thing. Luke vi. 49. to compress, oppress ; 
to use viohnfte ; to be violent, oppressive, unjust. 
't''J4.- pass, to be pressed, oppressed, sup- 

"t"*!*! : intens. to press, to oppress, to suppress, 
to commit violence, oppression and injustice. 
Ex. xxii. 21. 

!?»3<i= *•?• 'V34.''- Luke viii. 45. 

°|^: s. Eth. "1^0 :: jjressure, oppression, vio- 
lence, injustice. Gen. A-i. 11. Ex.i. 13. Lev. 
xix. 13. 

1q.A: s. Tigr. •mcst^-^EH,: a tassel. Bl. 

Id.d.: s. Judges xix. 19. 

"l&jda' s. hair dressed in large curls on the sin- 
ciput or fore-part of the head. 
2 A 2 

^<!.P: . . . ?ifl"lA: 

( 180 ) 



^d.^: adj- & s. oppressive, violent, iinjmt ; fri- 

'hQ^' s. the small-pox. Slioa, (J.'J^rri:: 

74. t\: Eth. i.q. 1«5,^:: Rom. iii. 5. 

"7^0: Eth. i.q. "J[Q,:: Prov. xvi. 12. 

'\&,&,' V. a. <o undress, to pull off (the skin from 
the body, tlie peel &c. from plants &c.) ; to 
peel off, to roll. Gen. xxxiv. 29. Ex, iii. 29. 

']<^: s. husk, peel, chaff. Job xiii. 25. Isa. 

xl. 24. xli. 2. xlvii. 14. 
n4.«S,: "^- n. <o te very fat, corpulent and unwieldy, 

of men and animals. 


ni" fH^t': t'ait, the twenty-seventh letter 
of the Amliaric alphabet. It corresponds to 
the to in the Hebrew, and to tlie b in the 
Arabic language; and is pronounced with a 
sudden explosion, after a hard pressure of the 
fore-part of the tongue against the roots of 
the upper teeth. Its most cognate letter is 
R : for v.hich it is often exchanged. 
fO/V": (or 't'tJA?':) an Abyssinian dish, con- 
sisting of fried barley-flour kneaded together 
with a large quantity of melted butter. 
V[ii\: V. a. & n. Eth. KA?»:: lo hate, to be ini- 
mical, hostile to, to abhor. 
'TfllA: pass, to be hated, abhorred. Lev. 

vii. 18. 
'T'^A: intens. to hate entirely; rccipr. to 

litigate with one another. 
^«Tj^: act. to accuse, complain against, to 

(ll£i: Heb. 7^ Ar. Jh dew. Gen. xxvii. 28. 
ff)/^: V. a. to throw, cast, fling ; to put, to place. 
Gen. ii. 21. xviii. 5. 

"T^IA: pass, to be cast, thrown, flung, placed. 
"l-nrinjA: recipr. to cast mutually, e.g. lots. 

Ps. xxii. 19. 
2»^flrjn|/\ : to distribute by casting lots. Jos. 

xviii. 6. 
?»fl'^A: caus. to cause casting, throwing. 

rejecting. With or without fn-l": ("the 
. breast"), to wean, 1 Sam. i. 22, 24. Some- 
times : to deliver, rescue. Jer. xlii. 1 1 : ?»fl 
TA^lh: H^J^: " to deliver you." 
TA: s. Eth. R-A"k: enmity, hatred; quarrel, 

£T>A: s. a full-grown elephant. 
mA^l': V. n. & act. to be deep, to be great, much, 
to deepen, to sound the depth of any thing ; to 
sink, to dip, to be sunk; trop. to be mysterious, 
profound. Ezek. iii. S' Y}i,'f>ap: (Dg: 
rnAl'd*': rhTl-n: ^ii- A ^ •?»{": "for thou 
art not sent to a people of a profound (my- 
sterious) language." Ex. xii. 22: n^: Q/^ 
aptju; ggH: 'p/^c|..-j.: "and dip it into 
the blood which is in the vessel." Ps. Ixix. 
2: riTA^: cp.J: niA^li': "I sunk into 
a deep mire." Eccl. vii. 24: j^<I>l5«7n: (jj 
A'P : "and its disfcince is great.'' 
h.Cnt^'P: act. & intens. to deepen, to be very 
deep or great. lrt'V£i'P(D-: A>»^"<5. 
?tA: Ihff. "to the wliole body of all 

?\«T|A1>: i.q. i'xtnti'P:: Num. xxi. 18. 
hflrtlA'!': caus. to make deep, to lay deep ; 
to deepen, to sound a depth, 
fnA.^: adj. deep, profound. Prov. xx. 5. 
Isa. li. 10. 

TA'i': s. depth, abyss, profoundness, the deep. 

Ps. Ixix. 2. Isa. li. 10. 
T A'^ : s. Shoa. a coloured stripe along the edo-e 

and through the middle of clothes V 

'5'A'^: s. the soot produced on a nnn bv f^rp 

Vid. T^C?]:: Bl. 
niAi': Vid. KA'^:: 
mAfRA: non oce. Ar. -JUL "commovit." 
^rjnriAfnA: act. to suspend, to hangup; 

to hang. Gen. xl. 10. Ex. xxv. 12. 
TTmAfllA: idem & pass. Ex. xiii. le. 

Luke xvii. 2. 
?\1(nAniA: D. to be suspended or hanging. 
•nrHAfnA: reS. to entangle oneself. Isa. 
xxi v. 18. 
f"A"F'A: non occ. 

•nP"A»(^A: • moofntro: ( 181 ) 

Tmonmoro... mC"i^: 

*l*'5(T»A°r"A: V. n. to walk quickly. 
f^ATT'l: s. one who walks quickly. 
(TIA<5,: V. a. to take, seize, to snatch away, to 
catch fish with a fisliing-hook. 
TfnA«i,: pfiss. to be taken, snatched, caught. 
Ecel. vii. 29. 
T?AQ.: s- o ^hirt embroidered with silk, and 

worn by ladies of rank. 
TV: s. the wood of a saddle. 
jjjirq; Vid. KGv:: 

fnoDOB: V. n. to be twisted, wound up, to be 
2\fI|tJDCD: act. to twist, to- pervert, to distort. 

Isa. X. 2. Jer. iii. 9. 
^0)0000: idem. Amos ii. 7. Micah iii. 9. 

2 Pet. iii. 16. 
fdltracnj: pass, to be perverted. 
(Daqaq : adj. perverse, cross, perverted, corrupt, 

distorted. Deut. xxxii. 5. 
»5»injf/ni^: s. perverseness, ill-humour, cross- 
ness. Ps. exxv. 5. 
fntrofl: s. an intermediate sort of grain be- 
tween barley and wheat. 
(noiJ<J>: V. a. to dip, to immerse. 
J\fnaxj'|>: act. to baptise. 
't'ni""*!': pass. & refl. to be immersed, 
baptized; to dive. 
fljOT]*^; s. one who dips, immerses. Jer. 

xlviii. 33. 
•parjc^: g. that which is immersed. Hn.'fJ: — : 
"immersed (i.e. pressed out) grapes or rai- 
sins," " wine." Num. vi. 4. 
»pgot|>^- : s. baptism. 
T9"'fl : s. a carcass, carrion. Lev. v. 2. 
(j-jgori 1^ : s. a scar. Bl. 
«pgnflf|-flfl: 8. a bad fire, which does not 

bum well. — : 2\A: "to burn badly." 
ff|im^: s. chalk. 

fntTOHH: V. a. to twist, distort, put out of joint. 
Ps. xlii. 9. 

'I-fHODHH: pass. & n. to be distorted, to be 
out of joint. 
fI)OD([)00: V. a. to tvind round, to twine, to 
wreath, to wrap round. Gen. xxvii. 19. 

'ffnt'Ofnoo: pass, to be wound round, &c. 
Gen. xxxix. 11. 
tt\6.: Vid. Xi.:: 
n\Q: Vid. JJ^:: 
TC: D- pr- Ter, the fifth month of the Abys- 

sinians, commencing on the eighth or ninth 

day of January. 
T*<i,: adj. pure, unmixed, unadulterated, row, 

unprepared, primitive, original, genuine. Gen. 

xii. 9. — r'XifA: " pure grain." — :"lft'H: 

"original Ethiopic," opp. to ^C.1'*P*- "tlie 

(T»f^: and HQ: s. spear, lance; war. Gen. 

xiii. 17. Num. xxvi. 2. 
fnC[(n>''H : s. a bottle of glass or earthenware. 
tH6.&.: V. D. to be hot, sultry. 

hr\m6.6.: \ , J , 1. If 

^ „ , , > V. n. <o stretch oneself. 

'px£^: s. Ar. J, Jo " acuta cuspis hastae." 

breast-plate, habergeon. Eph. vi. 14. 
TCfl: s. foort. Gen. xlix. 12. PTUfT:— : 
"elephant's tooth," "ivory." Eth. 
" dens molaris." 
Tf^rt,: s. a sucking elephant. 
TC*J9": s. one who has large teeth. (A nick- 
name). Bl. 
m^rt: to toothe, to get teeth, of. Eth. ef^rt" 
?ifn^l*l: V. a. to blunt one's teeth; n. to be- 
come blunt. Jer. xxxi. 29. Ezek. xviii. 2. 
fUt^'l': v. a. to fasten, to affix. 
m^.'I'Eno: V. a. to fill up, to stuff. 
tlfl&.t^o^: pass, to be filled up, crammed, 
Ti^: s." Eth. and Tigr. goods, possessions, 

property. Eccl. v. 19. 
Ti*5: s. i.q. a black pied horse. 
TC^:s. i.q. •UriJ^: the civet-cat. 
tn^nid,' V. n. fo doubt, to think, to suppose. 
Ps. L. 21. Esther iv. 13. 
■Vmi.mC-^- to doubt. 
h[Fl&.{Ud.' trs. to make doubt, to excite 
susjiic'ion, to give offence, to lead to scep- 
ticism. 1 Cor. viii. 13. 
roCli: s. a doubter, a sceptic, an heretic. 

TC"1^- •• T^T": 

( 182 ) 

m4»OT|.f : . . . (nil: 

VC,"^^' S. doubt, suspicion, sceplici'sm, heresy. 
Ps. cxix. 165. 

niC4.' ^^- ^^J^ the tamarisk. Jer. xlviii. 6. 
ni.fl : s. smoke, steam. 

ni>|^: V. n. to smoke, to emit smoke. Gen. xv. 17. 
?im>l^: act. to smoke, fumigate, perfume. 

Ex. xxx. 7. 
?\rini>l*|: caus. to cause or order fumigation 
or smoking. 
([nfl*: 'V^- n. to be small, lifflp, 

?^(n^: act. to make or consider as little, 
small; to despise. Ezek. xx. 16. Jobxix. IS. 
Neliem. ii. 19. 
Tfll^: pass. & n. to be small, little, insig- 
nificant, and to be considered as such ; to be 
slighted, held in contempt. Ps. xviii. 27. 
2 Cor. xiii. 7. 
IIl.^ : Y\t\. '• V. a. to spout, to squirt, to spir.t. 
T*!?: Eth. adv. & adj. strongly, hardly; strong, 
tight, firm. 
?iifri'S': act. to constrain, compress, esp. to 

iTni'P: pass. & refl. to be constrained, girt ; 

to gird oneself. Ex. xii. 11. 
't\t\'^iX\^'^^- to gird. Ps. xviii. 39. 
fTI'I'AA: V. a. to wind round, to roll in, tcrap in 
any thing, to involve. 

't'fn^'AA: pass, to be rolled in, wrapped up, 
f^AA: s. any thing that serves for enrolling, 
wrapping in, esp. swaddling-cloth, sicathing- 
j:lo'h ; a girdle, belt, a turban. 
fH<|>aD: V. n. & act. to be useful, advantageous; 
to improve, to mend (ciotlies, &c.). 
^f[]l<|)00: V. a. to use, to profit by, to make 

•I'flistaa: pass, to be used, profited by, to be 
turned to advantage ; to be mended. Ezek. 
xxxvi. 10. 
{II ^oi;^ : s. one who uses, takes advantage, pro- 
fits; a mender (of ciotlies &c.; 
•5»3>a^: s. any thing useful; a botch, a patch. 

Luke V. 36. 
rp^gD ; s. jyrofit, advantage, utility, use, gain. 

ffj^onij-"j»: s. loose bowels, diarrhwa. 
'V'PU^'t". s. T'ok'em't, the second Abyssinian 

month, beginning on the tenth or eleventh 

of October. 
nH^K^: V. n. to be or become black. 

h.(l\^d.' act. to blacken. 2 Chr. xxix. 8: 
d/l". A^^T'I^'C^ "f<'i" ^ darkening of 
the face," i.e. "for an .ibhorrence." Eccl. 
vii. 3. 

't'fll4*"«^: pass. & refl. to be blackened or 
darkened, to blacken or darken oneself. 

htlKl'^d.: caus. & trs. to cause blackening ; 
to blacken. 1 Cor. xiii. 5. 
f^Q: adj. black, dark. 
^'PCjHi. s. soot, as produced by the smoke of 

fire. Vid. TA^:: Bl. 
V'P^d/V ■ s. black colour, blackness. Cant. v. 11. 

Jer. xxx. 6. 
fl)«l*rt : V. n. to ivink %vith the eyes; to snuff a. 

candle. Ex. xxv. 38. 

T'^'Pfl- intens. Ps. xxii. 7. 
fn.*l*~n : s. a squirt, a syringe. 
"V^f]: s. a wink, a beck, a nod, a hint. Prov. 

vi. 25. 
T'^'t' : s. little, a little, a small quantity, fem. 

T't't't'" Job xvi. 22. 
T^'l'\'"t' : s. littleness, paucity, fewness. Num. 

xxvi. 54. Zech. iv. 10. 
Cn^'i'Ti'. V. a. to consider as little, to slight, to 


fffl«|>t|>^; V. n. & pass, to be considered as 
little, to be slighted, to be contemptible. 
«5»^^-j : adj. small, inconsiderable, contemptible. 

Matt v. 19. 1 Kings xiii. 33. Ps. cxy. 13. 
m'Pfn'I': v. a. a transposition of letters, i.q. 

•Pni'I'fn : to tread. Isa. Ixiii. 3. 
mn : V. a. Eth. mnO):: to suck, as an infant. 

?\fin: trs. to make suck, to suckle. Ps. 
Ixxviii. 71. 
fnn: V, n. to be early, &c. Vid. XT :: 
rtin : s. a small wooden plate or dish. 

n\-n '• Ar. ajUo a species of dates. Isa. xxii. 18. 
fU'll : particle indicating, according to its 
sound, dropping. 

m-'O: ... irnnn: 

( 183 ) 



— : ?\A: i-q- ^»^mnmn: "to drop," 

" fall in drops." 
— : h^d^- '" cause dropping, to drop. 

m-'fl : s. Ar. t—Jji' a brick, a tile. Gen. xi. 3. 
fnnrt : V. a. /o roast slightly, to fry. Ex. xii. 8. 
Tfnnrt: pass, to be fried. Lev. xxiii. 14. 
1 Chr. xvT. 3. 
fnnrt.^- *■ " *'"^ of thin cakes. 
nin'I': V. a. Ar. jIb "opcruit." Eth. "an- 
nexit," "pressit." (l) to lay close to (as a 
narrow cloth to the body &c.), to cement, to 
glue or solder on. (2) to guard, take care, to 
keep, observe, to protect, preserve. 
?kfDn'!': intens. to observe &.c. closely ; to 
hold on, to do any thing without inter- 
mission. Num. X. 6: J^'P'fJ'I'a)': O.^^: 
" if they blow closely," '" without inter- 
mission." Deut. xxvii. 2. to cement. 
'TttMi'P' pass, to be closely annexed, to be 
cemented, glued, soldered; to be observed, 
kept, guarded, protected, jrreserved. 
K'^ni': intens. to lay on closely. Jer. 

xiii. 11. 
'T^IU'I': pass. & n. to he glued, cemented, to 

cling to, to adhere closely. Gen. xxxiv. 8. 
Tmnfl'I*: intens. recipr. & reiter. i\T 
^gn: u-Jdh: ^mnflS'/V: "and being 
one, they will be preserved together," Matt. 
ix. 17. Inf. wonnn^: outward obser- 
vances, Luke xvii. 20. Ps. cxxx. 3. ^fn.?k 
^Tfl: ■Tl'l'innn^ : " if thou wilt closely 
observe sins." 
fTlT^: s. an observer, keeper, a guardian, guard, 

preserver, protector. 
(fjr|«t: s. observation, keeping, guarding, guard, ' 
observance, protection, preservation, the post, 
station of a guardian, watch. Habakkuk ii. 1. 
•p-fl^: idem. Jos. viii. 14. hiding-place, ambush. 
T'fTl*: s. a piece of dress lying close to the 
bodv, jacket, waistcoat. Ex. xxviiL 4. "enhod." 
mnn: non occ. 
"Tnin n : v. n. to be wise, prudent, shrewd; to 
act wisely, &c. Ex. i. 10. 

mnn: and Knn: V. n. to be narrow, tight, 

"Vmntli pass, to be made narrow; to be 
straitened ; trop. to be distressed, oppressed. 
t\flOM\{\' trs. to make narrow, to straiten, to 
oppress, distress. 

fTin.'n: adj. (1) wise, skilful, prudent, pi. fun. 
ITt" In Shoa, those mechanicians who form 
a distinct caste and tribe, different from the 
other Abyssinians. They indeed observe 
most of the ceremonies of the Abyssinian 
Church ; they are baptized and circumcised, 
and are admitted to the communion; but 
among themselves, they are said to have a 
religion of their own : in fact, the Shoa jieople 
in general consider them as disguised Jews; 
but how far this is grounded, is still a matter 
of doubt. They themselves deny the asser- 
tion ; but admit that they form a peculiar 
family, whose ancestors, they say, came into 
Shoa from the north-west They have three 
or four establishments in Shoa, which they 
seem to have instituted for the maintenance 
of their old people : one of them is a sort of 
nunnery, all its inhabitants being T'abeeban 
females, whose chief occupation is pottery. 
The king of Shoa maintains the T'abeeban, as 
his workmen ; and regularly appoints one of 
them as their chief, who is responsible for 
the whole caste. 
(2) mn.'tl: i-q- Xn."!!: narrow, strait. 

'^'O'D: s. wisdom, prudence, circumspection. 

TP'^: s. young, sucking cattle. Pn"|: — : 

'a young- • 

"in. 3*: T'abita, a leavened bread-cake. 

fnm^: s. At. iusuL pistol, a fowling-piece, 
small gun. 

mnjJ: and miJEO: s. Ar. ^ujtij nature, cha- 
racter, temper. Num. xiii. 18. 

til n iTs n : V • n. lo trot, of liorses &X. Ps. xix. 5. 
Judges xviiL 21. 

Kimnmn: v. a. to drop, to let fall in 
drops. Ps. Ixviii. 8. Cant v. 13. 

Timnmn: . • . "ino^: 

( 184 ) 

m.JE:.. .mrj.: 

•rimnfnn: v. n. to drop, fail in drops. 
Lev. XV. 2. 

fll'^is.Eth. T-n:: Tigr. m-n.:: Ar.^. 

(I) female breast. (2) nipple of males and 

females. Gen. xxi. 8. Rad. mT" 
fn.r: s. Eth. T'^r: health, salubrity. Gen. 

xxviii. 21. n /v : — : *• a possessor of health,'" 

ie. "healthy." 
Tf : s. a saucer, a boxvl, a vial. Rev. xv. 7. 
nii4^A: V. a to tell fortune, to sotythsay. 

Tffii'l^^A: pass, /o be soothsaid, to have one's 
fortune told, to employ a fortune-teller. 
*n*l*~A: s. fortune-tell inr/, soothsayintj. 
fn5'i"l»: non occ. -. ,-.,- • 

"trill «!»•?»: V. n. to beivare, to take care. Ex. 
28. filatt. vi. 1. 
fm^TT": s. a certain plant 
tm^^: s, fern, nn^je,-!:: fortune-teller, 

soothsayer. Lev. xx. 27. 2 Kings xxi. 6. 
'n'fl: s. carcass, i.q. 'V^F^'fl-- 
Tl"^: s. the olden time, time of old, anticjuity, 

former time. Gen. vi. 4. 
flKllP: s. fore-arm. 
TT^A: s. hare, rabbit. Lev. xi. 6. 
nifCDT: non occ. 

TffirCD't': to resist. Num. xiv. 41. 
flkF^,*?^ : s. yarden-rue, " ruta hortensis" 

Vi^'V ■ s- a certain tree with small whitish 

leaves, which the Abyssinians use for their 

Tigih: s. Ar. J^j^h Cliald. NDIVJ. pi. 

mT^ri" peacock. 1 Kings x. 22. 
•ptp^: s. candle, taper. 
fnOU^-.s. Eth. Heb. Wtp At. ^ taste. Ex. 

xvL 31. 
fTip^: Eth. s. Ar. ojy^'^ «« ^'^'=''- P^- "li" 

rrifffV-- s. an idolater. 2 Kings xxiiL 7. 

f||,l-I: s. a stronrj hoar-frost. 

€j\i\ati: s. Tazma, a certain sort of bees, which 
produce a peculiar aromatic honey, used as 
piedicine. It is found especially in Agame 

andTemben. Matt. iii. 4: P'il'Ht"J: tnJO 

improperly for Pn«C^: •"JC^ "wild honey." 
fn.J£: s, a spongy excrescence on the animal 

ni P«l> : v. a, Eth. •• certb scivit." Amh. to ask, 
inquire. Gen, xxiv. 47. 
TmP^: pass, to be asked. 
'TCnji'P'I': recipr. &reit. to ask one another, 
to ask frequently. Ex. xviii. 7. 
T^^: s. question, inquiry, query. Gen. xliii. 7. 
V^: s. Vid. R-J^ :: 
mS^: and j^'^i s. hydromel, mead. Pffl^T : 

— : " wine." 
T"^: s. Tig. ^i.ij:; a calf, a young ox or cow. 

Gen. xviii. 7. 
fll|3: better RJ: s. grace. HA: — : rich. 

Gen. xiii. 2. 
fn^: V. a. (1) to be a sujjport, serve for a sup- 
port. (2) Eth. nnO : to inhere, cohere, adhere; 
cling to. 
TfD^: V. n. to support oneself, esp. to lean 

one's head. 
"l""!^ : refl. to cling to each other, to adhere 

to each other. Ex. xxviii, 22. 
7\ti[fi^: V. a. to support the head with some- 
thing. Matt. viii. 20. 
mi\: and Kli: v. a. to bind up, to dress (^ 
wound). 2 Chr. xxviii. 15. Ps. cxlvii. 3. 
Isa. i. 6. 
fllfll : V. a. to drink. Gen. xxiv. 14. 

T^fOfll: trs. to make drink, to water, to 

irrigate, to soak. Gen. ii. 6. 
•t-iTifr): recipr. to drink with each other in 
company. Isa. v. 22. 
fSlEp.; s. a drinker, one who drinks. Isa. xxiv. 9. 
ffri: s. a baboon, a sort of little monkeys. 
TT?: 3- cotton. 

rn,fT»: s. Ar. tjjbA) a little bird in Abyssinia, 
as fi'equent in that country as the sparrow 
in Europe. Lev. xi. 17. for f]^E)i||. Isa. 
xxxiv, 11. 

m-cp-y: s. the fist. Ex. xxi. 28. 

014.: v.n. Tigr. mft?i: EtL m^h.:: Ar. 

hmi: -ttl: CO.JK-t': 

( 185 ) 

cq.: ... CP'9^'1': 

Ut) "extinctus fuit," to perish, to be extinct, 
ruined, to decay. 

l^tUtL' ^^^- '" '*'""• ^^^^'''0'!/' '" waste, to undo, 
to corrupt, to spoil. 

Td.: and R"/L: s. the flat hand, the palm of the 
hand. John xviii, 22. 

TPd.: s. that which is destroyed, ruined, wasted, 
lost; min, &c. 

*V&.' ^^]- Etli. "VAjh ' ruined, destroyed, wasted, 
perhhcd, spoiled, lost. Prov. xv. 12. Lament. 
i. 13. 

flt^: s. Tef, a sort of grain resembling millet, 
the favourite food of the Abyssinians, de- 
scribed by Bruce, VII. 186. 

fn<5.C: s. o vault, roof, the firmament. 

(rilS.C" ^- *^ thin, small thong or strap. Lev. 
xiii. 52. 

m&j&^' s. i.q. m&X,: Luke vii. 6. 

T^^^: s. Eth. "V^t^^" corruption, destruc- 
tion, perdition, ruin, waste. Gen. vi. 13. 

m-ii'i: s- Ar.^^UjSa i.q. T4.^-:: 

^Q,y' s. <Ae spleen, milt. 

nid,m: c. derivv. i.5^. HA,ni" 

fBd.fn<5,: V. a. <o pave, to cover, to deal, to floor. 
2 Kings xvi. 17. 
•rni<5.m<5.: pass. Cant. iii. 10. Esther i. 6. 

CO." CO.^'T: Tsii'Xfr, the twenty-eighth letter 
of the Amharic alphabet. As to its pronun- 
ciation, it is composed of that of (l\ : and fl : 
the tsh suddenly and abruptly exploding 
from between the tongue and the root of the 
fore teeth. This letter is peculiar to the 
modern Tigre and Amliaric, especially to the 
latter: it has no place in the Ethiopic: it 
occupies a middle station between (11: and 
R : or O : for both of which it is sometimes 
exchanged. It is also sometimes substituted 
for «I»: ; e.g. TEtncq.AU': for 'TIXl.T&J? 
Alh: "I am oppressed." For >k'}COj''t-: 
Tigr. WJiB^X- tl»e Amharic Bible has 
generally "Al'^'Y":: T'l'^^: "the sitter," 

"dweller," instead of •ri"»*Ifn.: from f* 

m, : h A : V. n. to be complete. 1 Kings iii. 20 : 
fi.'jit: cq,: fl,A- "vfhen it was full nighC 
" when' the night was complete." 

g[|,/Vaii: v.n. Eth. RA"":: Ar. jjil tobe or 
become dark, obscure, dim, gloomy. Ex. x. 14. 
J»^(j|,/\aiJ: act. to darken, to obscure; trop. 

to distress, to grieve. Job xxxi. 16. 
"t'CtlAO^: pass, to be obscured, darkened, 
hflaiAoa: i.q. ?kCaA««»:: 

CCIA"^: s. Eth. R-A^^'T" Ar. k^ dark- 
ness, obscurity, dimness, gloomy appearance. 
cf. Heb. dSu and tr\^h'J. 

V V r T : - 

ep.A'l*: s. a large bird of prey. Bl. 

CElAfTt : V. a. to empty a vessel from its fluid 

contents. Jer. xlviii. 12. 
ECtcnj : s. (1) the sole of the foot. (2) sole of the 

shoe. (3) shoe. Gen. xiv. 23. 

TFiVRJ^ • v. denom. to put on one's feet, ai 
shoes ; to shoe. Ew^k. xvi. 10. 

•l*CEj.fnj : pass, to be shod, to have or to put shoes 
on ; to tread. Ps. xci. 13. 
Ca""4: V. a. Eth. ©llYl: Tigr. (Drttt:: 

to add, to increase, augment. Ex. ix. 34. 

Hos. ix.15: >»a)^=Fa>: WTiR: hACO. 

ffO£tjQ : " I yrill love them no more." 

Ezek. xviii. 13: Ca9"C : V^m.mi\K- 

" who takes in addition," " takes more profit 

than he is allowed to do." 

"TSEiP^^' pass, to be added, augmented, 

TEU.D^''^^: pass, intens. & reiter. to be 
augmented continually. Dan. iv. 22. 
GBL^&' s. one tvho adds, augments. 
ep,«ju(^: s. fern. B^^i-p:: addition, increase, 

augmentation, supplement. Gen. xxiii. 17. 
cp.oq«5: i.q. EEtynC" 
tR.aO'i": V. n. to be quiet, calm, composed, to be 

steady-minded. Mark v. 15. Job iii. 26. 
C5J,iya'"j« : s. & adj. calmness, composure, steadi- 
ness of habit and temper; calm, quiet, com~ 

posed, steady in habits. Gen. xxv. 27. 
2 B 

Cawwcanro:.., CIMIT: 

( 18G ) 


ro.*™OCltro: V. net to loind (he rings inside 
of a straw thatch. 
TCa.""CClon: pass, to be wound, of the 

inner rings of a straw thatch. 
TCO.o^OCl*'": n. to suppuratp, of an inflamed 
eye. Lev. xxi. 20. 
CQ.7«CE|,tn| : s. one whose eye suppurates. 
e^^nc^^qo: s. the rinrjs of straw and brush- 
wood, inside of a thatch, which keep it to- 
tP»j;,: s. a fan for flies, made of horse-hair. 
GELf^ri • V. a. & n. to finish, to end, terminate, 
conclude. Gen. vi. 16. 

'TEB.t^rt: pass, to be finished, ended, termi- 
nated, concluded, done. 
£Q>^ri: s. one icho fnishes, a finisher, termi- 
nator, the latter. 
^i<ti '• S- that by which something is finhhed, 
the end, termination, adj. finishing, ending, 
latter, last, ultimate. 
0H.<^<|>: s. the moon. Gen. xxxvii. 9. 
CIP"^.^ : s. Tsli'erak', a fabulous sort of canni- 
bals, resembling man, but supi^lied with a 
short tail. Another kind are the ?ii^: (j.v. 
tp>r^ : s. rag, old worn-out cloth. 
Ejt^f: s. a Utile bird which picks out the foul 
flesh from the wounds on the backs of horses, 
mules, cattle, &c. 
cp.3>: s. mud, dirt, mire; clay, loam. Ex. i. 14. 
ea,«}>|XS.«i»: v.a. to lay a rag (tfoCEL^Ca.'^^: 
or oraCU.'I'Oi^y •) round the joined edges 
of the baking-pan and its cover-plate, to pre- 
vent the heat from escaping. 
pj.n.: s. the jumping, hopping, skipping. 
CO.nC= s- " 'wl''i<^ mule. 
gn-nP: V. n. to skip, hop, jump. 
CBLIKU' V. a. to seize, lay hold on, to keep, take 
into and keep by the hand. Deut. xv. 7 : 
■Js^yiTD: ?i-"!'Ca'nT: "nor shut thy 
hand." Phil. iv. IS: nmnTU-: T.H.: 
" when I received." Ruth i. 20. Job xxvi. 8. 
2 Kings iv. 27. 

TGinfn : pass, to be seized, &c. 
EEbfl'P -.s. a fist; a handful. 1 Kings xvii. 12. 
Isa. xl. 12. 

CQ>nCCI>n : V. a. to fold ones hands ; to sprout, 
to shoot forth, to burgeon, of plants. Vid. 

T'ldf.nCU.n: act. to clap the hands. Ps. 
xlvii. 1. 
ttj,^: v.a. Eth. XOY'-: Heb. |yt3 to impose, put 

upon, to charge ; to saddle. Gen. xxii. 3. xxiv. 2. 

Mark x. 16. 1 Tim. iv. 14. 

"TtSll : pass. Gen. xxxNii. 25. 
ixn: s. Tsh'an, a measure for grain, eight 

tnj^^:: 2Chr. ii. 10. 
cp.T: the thigh; the hip. Gen. xxiv. 2. xxxv. 

22. P — : T tf^g; : " thigh-seTyant," i. e. " con- 
CO,'?: u. pr. China. P — : f|«5.: and merely 

mji : china luare. Geogr. 
ro.V'l*: V. n. & act. to be narrow, strait; to 

straiten, to oppress. Matt. vii. 1 3. Ps. xviii. 6. 

'rCtll'I': paas. to be contracted, straitened; 
trop. to be oppressed, harassed, embarrassed, 

ftrs. to straiten, pid into straits, to 
throng ; to harass, to embarrass, 
to grieve, to distress, to oppress. 
Luke viii. 42. 1 Sam. xiv. 29. 
Isa. xi. 13. 

ren^*: s. shoulder, esp. shnulder-blade. Gen. 
ix. 23. xxiv. 15. Tigr. "Hm:: 

e5^.^^: s. & adj. narrowness, straits, thronging, 
crowding ; anxiety, distress, anguish, grief, op- 
pression ; narrow, oppressing, &c. 

C&I^A'^ : s the brain. Tigr. {"A "■ 

Ep,-}«{>^; s. narrowness, &c. i.q. CP'T'J*:: 

cp.1^ : s. tlte imposition, charging, charge, sad- 
dling; a load, burden. P — : 1?k^^'1: "a 
beast of fcurden." Rad. GH:: 

Ep.lYl'C* ^' 1'^S''- THT" a cancer ; a virulent 
sivelling or sore. Bl. 

fXmC • ^' '^ ™'^* 2Sam. vii. 14. Ps. Ixxxix. 3?. 

^g^,\'\&^'. v. n. & act. to abort, to miscarry. Ex. 
xxi. 22. 

?lC0.^^<5,• *^- '" cause and produce abortion.. 
TCUl.n<5,: pass, to be carried off, as an abor- 
tus ; to be born beforetimc. 

ejM:)4.: • • ' Call't' 

( 187 ) 



ep>^3«{, : and ffyi^Q.' s. abortus, abortion. 
tp.^^Ii: s. pebble; gravel; (Tigr. MC^-) 

rocky ground. (Tigr. Yl'"1n^rl>.::) esp. inner 

court of royal houses. Amos ix. 9. 
tttf : s. one who is betrothed; engaged by a 

marriage-contract, spouse. Fem. S^^^'f:: 

Bad. ?ttq.:: 
CQ,Vl): "^- "• '" be brave, valiant, valorous; to be 

manly ; to be able, well qualified, to be ready, 

prepared. Acts xxi. 13. 
Cy,T|"i : adj. & s. brave, valiant, valorous, manly, 

able, virtuous, ready. 2 Sam. xvii. 10. 
EElTl : V. n. Eth. RCD'O : Tigr. Rdh^i,: to cry 

aloud, to exclaim, to call. Gen. iv. 10, to emit 

a sound or noise. 

txlP^Ti '• trs. to make exclaim, to cause or order 
to cry or to call. 
*CCfcTi7nn'l: s- a certain beast of prey, proba- 
bly of the leonine family. 
tCtTl'Tt': s. exclamation, vociferation, crying, a 

noise. Gen. xviii. 20. Ex. ii. 23. 
QJ,*P: adj. strong, valorous, fit, able, respectable, 

eP'ffl': or Caflh: s. Etli. ^.(D': salt. Gen. 

xiv. 3. 
tO,<P*4: s. a crier, exclaimer, one that makes a 

noise. 2 Sam. xxiii. 23. H,ag : — : " a mu- 
sician," 2 Kings iii. 15. non oce. 

?kBRLCDT: ■^'- a. to amuse, to entertain, to tell a 
story, to relate, record. Ex. iv. 28. 

T'^KDT : fo play, joke, to jest, to talk. Gen. 
xxi. 9. 

TK^TO/i*: idem. 
OElfflJ": s. play, jest, joke, talk, conversation. 
cq,^: s. Tsh ad, a certain Abyssinian shrub, the 

leaves of which are, by Mohammedans, used 

as a substitute for tea ; but without effect, as 

the beverage has very little flavour. 
cp.^: s. that which in a harvest is lost or 

thrown away ; stubble, chaff. 1 Kings iv. 2S. 

Job vi. 5. Rad. hCO,K" 
CCl^d*: s stomach. Ex. xii. 9. 
ro.'i'i'T: s. an Abyssinian plant. 

HUXt'T: s. chicken, a young bird in general. 

Num. xxiv. 21. 
CP'CR.T : s. a small ant. Bl. 
CCl^: s. a branch, bough, twig ; raeton. the tip. 

lappet, corner, end of a thing. Gen. viii. 1 1. 

Ex. xii. 34. XXV. 26, P'^Q: —. "ear-/a/>," 

Ex. xxix. 20. P th^ '■ — : "cornice of a house." 

Matt, iv, 5. 
gar A.- s- « garment (S«i.:) which is eight times 

VBL&.(^- (from 'Vfld.d.- ?) V, n. to encamp. 

1 Sam. xxix. 1. 
cp.Q.i.: s. an encampment (of soldiers), a camp, 

an army, host, a soldier. Gen. xlix. 19. Ex. 

xiv. 7. 
CU>d.i: V. n, &act (from THd.!") to be co- 
vered, veiled, enveloped. Matt, xiii, 15, Isa. 

vi, 10. 
^d.m:forH<5,m: Jobxxi.33. Vid. H<5,m:: 
tR,d.Wid,- v,a. to pluck off, to strip off, to un- 

leave; to chop off. Dan, iv. 14. 

k: _ 

A: A,P^: p'ait, the twenty-ninth letter of 
the Amharic alphabet, is pronounced with a 
sudden explosion or puffing off of breath from 
between the lips. 

Jt■Ai.;^: Eur. planet. Geogr. Better fl^i,: 

A«;.*A.rnfl: better than R<;.^A.f"fl: Gr, 
UapaKXrjTo^, " the Paraclete," the Holy Spirit. 
Also the festival of the effusion of the Holy 
Spirit : Whitsunday, Pentecost. John xv, 26. 

Jtl^l-fj^T^: s. & adj. Eur. Protestant 

i^'i't'tl'. Env. s. potatoes. Geogr. 

A.I.?|VA: Eur. s. peninsula. 

j^l^oij'}: and sometimes JjT^or^T: s. Gr. 
i-nayofjievai, so. rjixipai, the complementary 
days, which after the lapse of twelve months, 
each of which has but thirty days, are to be 
intercalated, in order to make up the full 
solar year. After the three years of Mat- 
« thew, Mark, and Luke, five days, P'agwemen, 
are added to each respective year ; but the 



( 189 ) 

XA-V: ...TK'nJK: 

Kgagwemen of St. John's year has six days, 

' that being the leap-year. 

i{i^(\'- s. Gr. Ila-Tnraj. Archbishop, Metropo- 
litan, Prelate in general. Vid. Lud. s, v. 
Sometimes, however, it is used for A,«I>: i^ 
iif|: sometimes for ?i.i^fl«?»iif|:: A.*: A 
iktl: and A.«l»: i^^.'^'^: pL A.g>i: *lil«1 
•^: " clnci Prelale," i.e. " Patriarch," a title 
given to the chief dignitaries of the Romish, 
the Greek (Constantinople), the Coptic (Alex- 
andria, or rather Cairo), and the Syrian (An- 
tioch) Churches. 

K- R^JE: ts'adai, the thirtieth letter of the 
Amharic alphabet Its pronunciation resem- 
bles that of fH : adding only a little sibilation ; 
therefore it is often exchanged for fl) : and 
for O:: 
XA: V. n. & a. Eth. RA2\: to hate, abhor, be 
inimical, hostile to. 

TKA: pass, to be hated, suffer enmity. 
"TKA : recipr. to bear haired one to another, 

to litigate one against another. 
A>5A: and ?i"|^: act. to create contention, 
to give cause far contention, to contend (in 
judgment), to accuse. Matt. xii. 10. Amos 
vii. 4. 
RA: and fflA: s. Tigr. f|*P: beer. Deut. 

xxix. 6. 
JtA: s. Etk R-A>i: enmity, hatred. 
JtA: s. pi. K"A"r-" plate, board, table ; used esp. 
■ of the two Tables of the Law. 
»A:: R-AA: and R-A'T: s. Eth. R-AA.:: Ar. 
J^ Heh.h^ shadow, shade ; umbrella. Gen. 

xix. 8. 
R-AA: aiJC^go: s. an Abyssinian plant. 

RAA: J^on occ. 

?iRAA: V. a. to shade, to overshadow; trop. 
to protect. 
RAA : V. n. to be pure, of metals. P — : <DC^ = 

"pure,'" "unmixed gold." Cant. v. 11. ^ 

RAOO: Vid. taA""- 

RA'll': s. Eth. and Tigr. RA?i.: enemy, adver- 
sary, hater, foe. Gen. xiv. 20. 

RA°'"f: s. Ar. l^ prayer. Rad. RAP- 
RA""l"l'"l': s. hatred, enmity, odium, abhorrence, 

disgust, animosity. Gen. iii. 15. 
RAT?*: i.q. RA'l-:: 
RA?': idem. Deut. xix. 17. 
R A P : V. n. to pray to God. Heb. nSl'. 

■TRAP: pass, to be prayed. 
RjjK/v; s. F.tli. and T\crr, plate for meats, dish. 

1 Chr. xxii. 3. 1 Kings vii. 50. 
Rih.^: s. a certain carnivorous animal, some- 
what similar to a pig: its favourite food is 
human corpses, which it digs out from bury- 
ing places. 
Kthy.: s. sun. Gen. xv. 2. Al. Orh.C" 
Rih&/t". s. complete form for the more usual 
RA/t" : s. writing, inscription, writ, &c. Ezek. 
ii. 9. 
Roq: Amh. non occ. Eth. R9"?!:: Heb. NC^ 
"TROiJ: neut. to be thirsty, to thirst. Ex. 

xvii. 3. 
?»ROq: trs. to make thirsty, to produce thirst. 
Jioo: v.n. Eth. R^^n;: Heb. mi' 
to fast, abstain from food or drink. 
^flUOD: trs. to cause, enjoin fasting.^ 
Jl9n: s. Ar. Zja Heb. ii'\'2, fasting, abstemious- 
ness, a fast. 
R-yu: s. Eth. R/hy^: Tigr. Rjho^: beard. 
R9^C' ^- '"°"' 'potion; wool. 
R-OTJ-^: s.Eth. R9«>i: Heb. «0^ thirst. Ex. 

xvii. 3. 
jtouf : s. one who fasts. 

Roo^: v. a. (1) to catch in a net or a trap. 
Hence crajjf-oo^; or more generally (DR 
ao^: "snare." (2) to couple, join together 
in pairs ; to yoke together. 
^Ruo^: trs. to catch, ensnare, entrap. Lev. 

xvii. 13. 
•j'ROii^: pass. (1) to he caught, ensnared. 
Ps. ix. 1 5. (2) to be yoked, joined, coupled 
together. Acts i. 14. 


»«l«^:. •X<5.a: 

( 189 ) 

X-CP'"**: ■• »*• 

K'P^R: s. the coupling, copulation, a covple, a 

pair; union, juncture. Lukexiv. 19. 
Jtnq^: s. that which is caught, a prey. Ps. 

cxxiv, 6. 
Ri.: v.a. EtlL mC?*: and XC^:: Heb.nil' 
Ar. J^ " clamavit," to call vpon, to exclaim, 
to pronounce, to call, to name. Gen. i. 5. Isa. 
xl. 2. 1 Kings i. 19. 
"TKi.: pass, to be exclaimed, pronounced, called, 

T^tlKi.' caus. to cause or order to be pro- 
nounced, exclaimed, called; to send for, to 
summon. Gen. xi. 4. Ex. x. 16. 
Hi: s. exclaimer, caller, inviter, namer. 1 Tim. 

ii. 7. Rad. K«J.:: 
Ri.: v.n. Eth. RCP" Heb.nrTO Ar.J^ 
to be clean, pure, clear, unadulterated, genuine. 
Ex. xix. 6. 

IhiH-: V. a. to purify, to clean, to clear. 
"VKi-' pass, to be purified, &c. 
Jl«^: v.n. Eth. RO^" Chald. -li>| Heb. "Yll' 
to be anxious, distressed, to suffer grief, anxiety ; 
to labour, struggle. 1 Thess. ii. 1 7. Prov. xxviii. 
20,22. iCIir. XX. 11. to be hard, oppressive, 
distressing, grieving, straitening. 
"VH^- pass. & n. to be grieved, oppressed, 

anxious, to suffer distress, anxiety, &c. 
THHd.' intens. ]\Iatth. iv. 24. 
SiQi 3. Eth. HOC.'-' Hcb. "i:^ excessive pain, dis- 
tress, grief, anxiety. Hd.'-'Wt"- "agony of 
death," "pangs of death." Gea. xxxv. 18. 
Jtx_: adj. Eth. R-*^^:: pure, clear, clean, 
genuine. Ex. xxv. 11. cl'Ve^'-i Rad. R«;^.-: 
Hf^: s. Heb. "1" "hostis." (1) war. (2) a spear, 

lance. Vid. f^^"- 
R^qo^: 2 Sam. xxii. 5. i.q. Hd.- ^'I':: 
R^f|: V. a. to work with the chisel, axe or 

plane; to plane; to chisel; to work in wood 

or stone. Ex. xxxiv. 1. 

•TReitl: pass. 

)J»^flR^f|: caus. to cause or order chiseling, 
planing, &c. 
Rd.n.i s. carpenter, joiner, mechanician. Ex. 

xxxviii 23. jMatth. xiii. 55. 

R'CP^ : s. cleanness,purity, clearness. Isa. L 25. 
R ||»T : V. a. to sweep, to brush. Ps. i. 4. 

•J-R^l: pass. <o te swept, brushed. 

7\fiKd,1'- caus. <o cause sweeping or brushing. 
Kin.: s. a sweeper, brusher. 
f^in,: s. <Aa< w/iJc/i is swepi away, sweepings, 

rubbiih. Isa. xxxiii. 1 1. 

^^^' Is. i.q. R-^.T.: Luke iii. 4. Matt.iiL 3. 


X ?S>: and cp,^: sound of spitting through the 

teeth. —: htk'' to spit. 
Rn : V. n. to be or become morning, to be day- 
break. Eth. R-ndi". Av.^. 
J^RQ : V. n. to pass or spend the morning. 
2 Sam. ii. 32. 
R'fl: and O"!!: s. Eth. g-fl>i: Heb. ^522 
" exercitus," strife, quarrel, enmity, hostility. 
Rad. Q-f\h.- Eth. 
RHr^'t*: non occ. 

TtTiKDd.'i': v.n. fo shine, to glitter, to be 
resplendent, to sparkle. Prov. xxiii. 31. 
Ezek. xxi. 10. Ezra \-iii. 27. 
Rnn: v.n. al. mnfl: and Qflil: to be 
narrow, strait, close, tight. Num. xxxiii. 54. 
?kRnn: act. to make narrow, close, tight, to 
Rfl^'fl: adj. narrow, tight, close, strait. Luke 

xiii. 24. 
Rfli: and Ofll : adj. quarrelsome, contentious. 

Prov. xix. 13. 
ST: V. n. Eth. RIO " io be strong, firm, solid. 

K^l : — : " to wait" 
J\Rf : trs. to strengthen, to confirm, consolidate, 
corroborate, to establish ; to console, comfort. 
Gen. V. 29. 

TRST: pass, intens, to be comforted, con- 

KHIT: act. intens. to comfort, console, 
strengthen. Gen. xxxvii. 35. Isa, Ixi. 2. 
Sri"; s. a saucer, bowl, esp. a censer, perfuming- 

pan. Ex. xxv. 29. 
R'i-: and i^\.0: adj. firm, solid, strong, fast. 

Gen. xxxiii. 20. 

MTt-: . . - ?»XK'J': 

( 190 ) 

TRKt:... RS": 

X-r-l-: s, Eth. R-TO'lT:: Jirmness, solidity, 
strength, validity, hardnesa. Gen. xlix. 24. 

XrX-A: s. pi. of RTKA.: "a little bell." 
Heb. v!^7^'. a musical instrunienf, consisting 
of a frame similar to a gridiron, to which 
several small bells are fixed : it is used in 
churches : the cymhal. Ps. cl. 5. 

R^^: Eth. 8. border, boundary, frontier, ertre- 
mity. Ps. ii. 8. pl.?kR-rQ.:: 

RrT: s. Eth. R«PO: Ar. A^c a cup, chalice. 
Gen. xl.ll. ^ 

XfflAT: V. n. to wither, to fade, contract into 
wrinkles ; trop. to look gloomy, morosely. Job 
xxxiii. 21. Matt. vi. 16. 

X-T^: and 'PT^: s. Eth. RH/h:: Ar. lii^ 

the morning, the beginning of the day. 
>SOC: Eth. i.g. RQ: Ps. xiii. 2. 
HO^'flA": s. Ar. i^j^UJj a sort of ichite beads. 
Si^l^: adj. Eth. RA.*/": black, al. 'V^Q:: 

Cant. i. b, 6. 
XP^: V. a. to reprove, reproach, find fault with., 
■TXP^: V. pass. & n. to he prohibited, un- 
clean ; to consider and declare unclean or 
prohibited, to shun, abstain from. Lev. 
xi. 5. Amos v. 21. 
?iflXPd.: caus. to render unclean, of things 
prohibited in the Levitical law, or any 
thing which tends to disgrace man in the 
sight of God or man. 
H^t V. a. to put upon the fire for roasting, 
boiling, &c. 2 Kings iv. 39. 
"TXK- P^^- '" ^^ F"^ upon the fire. Ezek. 
xxiv. 10. 
R P: s. the bitter root of a certain plant, which 
the Abyss'inians put into their mead and 
beer, to give it a spirituous power. 
X.^A: s. splendour, lustre, brightness, shining, 
esp. of the sun. Isa. lix. 9. Ix. 3. Ixii. 1. 
Ezek. i. 4. 
XJE;4»: V- n. Eth-'X^*- Heb. pnS. cf. 
Ar, jl^ "veraxfuit," to be righteous, just ; 
chiefly used of righteousness before God. 
i\XK*I'= *^^- '" ""^^'^ *"" '^^'^^'^^^ righteous; 
to justify. Heb. p'^'n^'TT. 

'TRK'I': pass, to be made or declared righte- 
ous, to be justified. Heb. p"!^^. 

XJ^T:adj. Heb. p^"^^ Ar. ijUj righteous, just, 
pious. Gen. vi. 9. xviii. 23. 

s c. 

X-J^^: s. Heb. pyj Ar. jx^ " Veritas," righte- 
ousness, justice, piety ; frequently and gene- 
rally, benevolence, alms. The Abyssinians' 
notions are rather confused. 

K.K,f : s, an Abyssinian tree, a species of th^ 


X^.P: s. (1) name of the thirtieth Amharic 
letter. (2) The first annual season, beginning 
on the 25th of Mascarram, and lasting to the 
26thof Tahsass. It corresponds to our autumn. 
In the Abyssinians' standard work of compu- 
tation, the Aboo Shaker, the seasons are thus 
enumerated: "There are numbered four divi- 
sions of the year : (I) Ts'adai, begins the 25th 
of Mascarram (3d or 4 th of October), and ends 
the 26th of Tahsass. (2) Keramt, begins the 
25th of Tahsass, and ends the 26th of Magabit. 
(3) Mats''aii, begins the 25th of Magabit, and 
ends the 26th of Sane. (4) Hagai, begins the 
25th ofSane,and ends the 26 th of Mascarram." 
In common life, however, they know only of 
two seasons; i.e. the rainy season, Keramt, 
which lasts from June to September ; and the 
dry season, which is called Baga, and com- 
prises the whole of the rest.* 

X^d.: V. n. to rush, fall, or tumble down sud- 
denly ; to rush in with violence. 
?»R£<5.: v.'n. to precipitate, to make fall down, 
to throw down. Habakkuk iii. 12. 

X^: s. Eth. & Tigr. otqfl :: mead, hydromet, 
the favourite Abyssinian beverage. PfflJiT : 
— : "mead of grapes," i.e. "wine." Gen. ix. 
21, xxvii. 25. P— : Y^f\e\&.: "butler." 

* This will serve to correct what is said s. v. fi^:: 
When that was printed, the author was not in posses- 
sion of the valuable MS. referred to under this head ; 
which has since been sent, with several very important 
MSS., by the Rev. Mr. Krapf. 

X:J: ..XS.: 

( 191 ) 



X^: V. n, to serve for a support or refuge. Vid. 

TX^ : n. to take refuge or shelter. Gen. xix, 30. 
XJ: s. and m^:: grace of God. HA:—: 
" possessor of wealth," " rich." Rad. Xlfl) : 
Eth. " donavit." 
X"l: s. Eth. X'-'h-: "forum;" shore, bank, of a 
river; boundary, border, side of a country or 
place. Num. xiii. 29. Jos. xv. 8. 1 Sam. xx. 25. 
XT^t^: s. hair. Gen. xxv. 25. 
X"h^.9": adj. hairy, full of hair. 
Xin : V. n. <o 6e satiated, satisfied, to have plenty. 
Gen. xxv. 8. 

?iXin: V. a. to satiate, satisfy, to content. 
X'^'fl: s. satiety, fulness, plenty. Ps. xvi. 11. 

Gen. xli. 29. 
JtTt*: a milch-cow. Ps. l. 10. 
Xll: and fmi"- v. a. to bind up, dress a wound, 
a fracture, &c. Job v. 18. 
'rXll:pass. Prov. iii. 8. Jer. xlvi. 11. 
XIT : V. n. to be obscured, darkened. Ps. ix. 1 5. 
K^l- s. Tigr. "1^:: vapour, fog, obscurity, 

darkness. Gen. xv. 1 7. 
XT": part of silence. — : ?iA: "to be silent," 
« quiet," " calm," " settled." — : t\Rd.l ■ and 
— : AflT: "to quiet," "to calm," "to si- 
lence," " to settle." Ex. ix. 29. Deut. XX. 9. 
XT J": s. silence, quietness, a calm. Matt. 

viii. 26. 
Jti{_: V. a. Eth. X^O" to strike with the palm 
of the hand. Gen. iv. 23. 
•fX^' pass, to be struck with the palm of the 
X<5.: v.a. Eth. Xib<5.: to write, inf. cmnQ^: 
and JJOjj-^^: the writing, a book; esp. the 
Scriptures, Bibh ; generally noX-fh^: ^ 

"rXd.: pass, to be written. 

i\t\K&,' caus. to cause or order writing. 
Xd.: s. Etli. Kfi\&.'' a. writer, scribe, secretary, 

chancellor. Matt. y. 20. pi. ^G^f". Eth. X 

X^: ?»A: V. n. /o 6e pleasing, agreeable, to 

please, Num. viii. 16. to be nice, clean, Deut. 

xxiii. 14. 

XS.: ^KO: ^ n Mark vii. 35: X^.: ?»Jt 

C*i: Tn*;: "Jie Bpake fluently.'"' 
X((L: s. the palm of the hand. 
RQ.C: s. a sma// lealher thong. 
X-^C^ s- '^'^^^ °f fingers and toes ; claw or hoof 

of animals. Deut. xxL 12. Isa. v. 28. Dan. 

iv. 33. 
Xd.'i': s. Eth. R'fiid.'t': « writing, writ, in- 
scription, subscription, &c. Ex. xxxii. IC. 
Xd,fn: V. n. to be sweet, agreeable, j>leasant, to 

have a good taste. Gen. ii. 9. Ex. xv. 25. 

?k 8 « : act. to siveeten, to season. Lev. ii. 1 3. 

' : pass, to be sweetened, seasoned. Ex. 

xxxviL 29. 
XtJ.'^: adj. sweet, pleasant, agreeable to the 

taste. James iii. 1 1. Isa. v. 20. 
X^T: \ s. sweetness, good flavour, pleasant 
ii*^f'iS\'f ■ > taste. Lev. xv. 13. Prov. vi. 24. 
RQ,'Vi'V- } xvi. 24. 
X^X^: s. pavement of stones, extremely rare 

in Abyssinia 

0:0^: TsAPPA, the thirty-first letter of the 

Amharic alphabet. It is pronounced like 

the German z, or ts, and often exchanged 

for X". 
0#t»_g: s. the sun. Gen. xxviii. 11. 
ova: i.q. X9°:: 
grjjD^: s. pair, esp. as yoked together. Job 

i. 3. i q. X9«^:: 
OCO: s. Greece, & adj. Greek, Grecian. Mark 

vii. 26. 

O-fl" Bfl>ii: and x-fl: or X'fl>.:s. Eth 

0'ri>» : " bellum," s^r(/■e, quarrel, contest, war, 

conflict. Gen. xiii. 7. 1 Chr. xii. 36. 
BH^-t-: Heb. ni^ns Zeiao//j. James v. 4. 
g^: sometimes X'>:: s. Eth. J^XTO-I-:: 

Heb. y3!J« Ar. ^| finger, toe. Ex. viii. 

19- IVOhii.: — : "thumb," "great toe." 

A.T: — : "fore-finger," "indicator." J-f 

h : — : " the little finger or toe." 
Oirt: V. n. to conceive, to be pregnant or with 

child. Gen. xvi. 1 1. 

TXlrt: . . . «5.Afl4.: 

( 192 ) 

^AflQ.r: . . . 2\<5.<;. : 

•TXSrt : pass, to he conceived, to be a foetus. 
Job iii. 3. 
61fl: s. pregnancy; foetus, embryo. Gen. 

iiL 16. 
ftf^T": s. Matt. xxiii. 23. i.q. fH.f^'pi: q.v. 
Bfhl': and Xihi'l': s. the going out, forth or 

up ; esp. Exodus of tlie Israelites from Egypt. 

^i^ : H : — : " Book of Exodus." 
gjE: eontr. for 0rfj.E: the sun. 
gj^: i.q. 8^:: 
&^ :■■ Ofh^ : or with « " juniper-tree. Gen. 

vi. 14. 2 Clir. ii. 8. Two species are found 

in Shoa: the wood of the one is red, the 

other white ; both hard, and brittle like glass. 
OJ^A: s. Prov. xxv. 25. i.q. X^A:: 
Bin: iq. Kin.: 
ti^jnV: and R';jn?': one who is satiated, filed. 

Luke vi. 25. 
gg.:s. an<. al. T-^JJ^T:: Prov. xxx. 24. 

<5.: "hQ.'- AF, the thirty-second letter of the 

Amharic alphabet. 
<5.A: V. n. Eth. <5.A<li: Tigi-. <5.A(h.:: to boil, 
seethe, to bubble ; to spring up, to hsue forth, 
as water from a source ; to ferment. 
T\.&/\. '• trs. to make boil, bubble, spring up ; 
to cook ; to produce, bring forth. Ex. viii. 3. 
<J^A : s. omen, a token on which any prediction 
is grounded. Isa. xliv. 25. Ezek. xxi. 22. 
Micah iii. 6, 7. P — : rtOh : " fortune- 
teller." adj. Eth. Q,tf(h: boiling, seething, bub- 
bling, fermenting. 
&jt\(\: V. n. to migrate, emigrate. 

Ify&^tifl: act. to make emigrate, to transfer, 
transpm-t, remove. Gen. v. 24. 1 Chr. x. 14. 
T4.Art: idem. Ezek. xlviii. 14. 
<5.Art.: s. Eth. an emigrant, exile, pi. d.Art. 

JP"}:: Num. XXXV. 15. 
figktl'V'- s. emigration: trop. removal from 
"this to another world, exit, esp. death (or 
Assumption) of St. Mary. 
<5.Afl4.: s, Gr. (j)i\6ao(j>os, a philonopher. 

^Afl^f: s. <piKo(TO(f>la, philosophy. 
i^A"! : n. gent. Falasha, name of a people in 
Abyssinia, of Jewish origin, cf. Bruce, II. 
406. Gobat, p. 361. 
di.A'p: V. n. to fulgurate ; proceed in flashes ; of 
water — to spring up, to bubble up. Prov. 
viii. 24. 

^d.A'l': act. to came fuJguration, lightning; 

to make bubble up. Prov. i. 23. Jer. vi. 7. 

d.AT: V. a. to seek, search, inquire, to require, 

request, to ask, to want. Gen. xxxi. 32. 

T<I.A*|: pass, to be sought, &c. 

?\l*I<i.AT: caus. to cause or order seeking, &c. 

Q.A3: s. a footstep; a trace, vestige. Gen. 

xiv. 14. 
<i.Afn : V. a. to separate, cut off, to make go off. 
Eccl. X. 9. 

'Td.A fn : pass, to be separated, &c. 
^AT: s. separation, a splinter. 
^Afll'V: s. nervous headache, megrim ; giddi- 
ness. Isa. i. 5. 
^f\f^: s. a splinter, a piece, a cut, a slice. 

Gen. xxix. 14. 
^A8: and ^.AQ: s. an arrow, a dart. Ex. 

xix. 13. 
<i,A<5.A: V. a. to clear the grain from the chaff, 
or leguminous fruits from their husks. 
T((5,A<5.A: pass. 
^Ad.A: s. porcupine. 
Qjpi: s. Eth. Q,ih1°: a live coal. Lev. xvi. 12. 

At. ^ and Heb. DIlQ " charcoal." 
<4_<J.: V. n. Eth. £,C,U: to fear, be afraid. Deut. 

XX. 8. 

"V &.&•'• pass, to be feared. Ex. xv. 11. 1 Chr. 
xiv. 17. 

htld.i-'. caus. to make afraid, inspire with 
fear, to frighten, to terrify. Gen. ix. 2. 
^ii s. 8c aCi]. fearful, fearing ; one who fears, 

a coward. Deut. xx. S. 
^^.,: v.n. Eth. i«,rP: " fructus tulit." Heb. 

niS, Amh. non ace. 

T T 

?i<5.<5.: v.a. to bear fruits, n. to be fertile, 

htli>i.&.: . 6,d,R: 

( 193 ) 


}\tl&,6,: caus. to fructify, to make fruitful. 
Gen. i. 11. 
^do' s. Heb. "'"ID fruit, produce, production; 
meton. result, effect, pi. ^«!^JP^':: Deut. 
XXX. 16. 
d.<;U: Eth. i.q. <i_<5.: Ps. Ixxvii. 16. 
^iU: Etli. inf. of <i,(;U: //le /earjnr/, /ear. 
Jobvi. 14: &X.\}: '7^nnjtx'f\i\\.C: "the 
fearing God," "/ear of God." 
^Cli•'^: and QXS'V- s.fear. 
^C'P^n.y: s. breast-bone. i.q. (l.CJ^t\,y:: 
d.<irt; V. n. to break, to burst, to be destroyed. 
?i^<?.rt : act to break to pieces, to destroy, to 
ruin, to demolish. Gen. xvii. 14 : JULif^CJ't' 
T: ?\a.C'^A-T-r: "for it hath broken 
(transgressed) my institutions." 

d.d.fl- s. Ileb. '^-JD Ar. J^J Germ. " pferd," 

ahorse. Gen. xlix. 17. 
A,djh'- rt.E"n: s. Satan s horse, name of a 

large bird of prey. 

<5,Cfl: s. Heb. UnS Ar. ^^J contents of the 

.stomach and boivels. Lev. xvi. 27. 
A.Q^^P': s. a corpulent person. Lud. 
/■.j^rtT: s. horseman, rider. Gen. l. 9. 
*d.<;rt?'T: «ove. Ps. cvii. 25. 
^S.^'S'C: s- Pharisee, pi. «i.^l^(I>J?^:: Matt. 

iii. 7. 
«5.^.ri : s. </iai iihich breaks (n.) ; a ruin, breach, 

a piece, a rupture. 
^i.Ti • s. idem. Neh. vi. 1. 
Q,int\: n. pr. France. Geogr. 
dd.'^tl.U- French, ibid. 
e.Oay s. Vid. €iC1°{\.^:: 
^C'V^-'V: s. Tigr. leslicle. 

^C'lfn.-t-:s. n utile boil. 

*6.«J!.'H: Ar.j.J drink-offering. Num. xvi. 5. 
Joel i. 1 3. 

£j_q_P9n: ai]}. fertile, fruitful, prolific. 

<5.<^ jSJ; V. a. to judge. AVith the accus. it is ab- 
solute ; to judge a person : with fl : it is ge- 
nerally, with few exceptions, " to pronounce 
•judgment against;" with /\: "in favour of a 

•r<5.<i£ : pass, to be judged. Ex. xxi. 22. 
T'4.4K= i"^^"s- Mattxii. 41. to judge, to 
censure, to condemn. 

^\fid,d.S,' ^^^^- 'o <^a"*« or order litigation; 
to bring to judgment. 2 Sam. xv. 2. Dan. i. 
10. Acts xxvi. 10. 
"Td^i.i^S.: recipr. & reiter. to judge about 
one another; to rise against one another in 
judgment; to litigate with each other. 
^^JB[: an heifer, a young ox or cow. Lev. iii. i. 
^CK"' ^' judgment, sentence, verdict, justice. 

Gen. xiv. 7. xviii. 25. 
i5.<5.^ : s. judge. Ex. xxii. 9. 
^CS"' ''^ '^ sitfiple cloth, which is too small for 
being doubled when it is put on. A double 
one is called U^A'T: ^Q^:: 
*5.«^fn : non occ. 

ft&,d,tt\ : v. a. to bruise, to crush, break into 
pieces. Judges ix. 53. 
^C^- ^- 5"*'"' precious stone. 
&,^&,d,' v.a. & n. to crumble. 
'V&^d.A.^- pass, to be crumbled. 
'V'i^i.&.d.: n. to foam, to froth. 1 Sam. 
xxi. 13. 

*<5.*i<5.C= *• Jer. xiv. 6. 
6.C4.^- ^- " crumb. Matt. xv. 27. 
«5.rt: V. n. to break ivind, to fart. 
<5.f|: s. a fart. 

4.11: s. Ar. i^U pi. j_y~.J an axe. Jer. xlvi. 

d.«^9«: adi. flatulent, full of d.l1:: 
iS.rti'!: v.n. to flow. 

?»d.rt 1*1 : trs. to make flow, to pour out. 

til l<?.i II I : cuus. to cause flowing, pouring out, 
or melting. 1 Kings vii. 47. 
<5.>1n: s. that which flows; a river, rivulet, 


&.fi,^: adj. ^t/tr/Kof, ^, or, physical. Geogr. 
4.rt.Vi : s. Heb. npQ Gr. Haff^a. //ip Passover; 

Easter; the animals killed on Eas'.er-day for 

jeasiing ; feasting on animal food in general. 
<?.'P; v. a. Eth. d.11': to erase, tomb off, scrape 

off; to tan. Ex. xxxii. 32. 

Tii'p : pass, to be erased, to be tanned. 
2 c 

caus. to cause or order tanning, 

194 ) 

ft"r .^^■: 

r{,«f : s. tanner. Acts ix. 43. 
4.<1^: s. a certain species of gazelles. Deut. 

xiv. 6. 
<5.^<i: non oce. 

"V^/Pd," V. recipr. to love one another. 
^•ftf^: Eth. adj. beloved, clear, darling, favourite. 
^^C,- S. love, affection, charily. Gen. xxxi. 30. 
<5.4?'l»: ?iA: v. n. to proceed, go further. 
fi.VI': txX.C^'- tfs. iu reuiuue, to ii-jjuia'e, put 
away. Gen. xlviii. 12. 
'f^A/P'^- v.n. to glide on the buttocks. 
<5_«l>g: V. a. to will, to intend, resolve, determine, 
to design. 

'V&.^S.' P^ss. lo be intended, &c. 
^$'R"- ^"^ ^iP.K'" s- the U'ill, intention, reso- 
lution, determination, design, mind, desire. 
d.:r: v.a. Eth. /i.^,h:: Tigr. «5.'>rh.:: Heb, 
r\r\2 At. Jij to loosen, untie, to solve, to ab- 
solve, to dissolve, to open; to make free, libe- 
rate, to deliver. Gen. xlii. 27. IsTH.^i'TIrii. 
Q: _pfJ.^lJ: "May God absolve thee!" usual 
form of absolution j)ronounced by the priests. 
'X'^'J'z pass, to be untied, loosed, solved, re- 
laxed, liberated, freed ; to be permitted, to be 
absolved. Gen. xlix. 21. Lev. xi. 2: PT 
<i,^A^l> : " that which is permitted,'"' 
"allowed to you." Job iii. 14: P't'«5.:^ : 
" that -which is liberated," i. e. " deserted.'' 
Mark i. 45, 
?»fl<5,^: caus. to («!.■=• or order loosening, 
solving, &c. Ex. x^.. 19: -mC"- ^^1*5. 
•t'Ot". "that which he has caused him to 
liberate of his business," i. e. " the loss of 
£/f. i-q- <5.^: •m*': <5."1" "one free from 
work," i. e. " a loiterer," " idler." Prov. xxi, 5. 
Rad. ^5.:^:: 
^•Y-: part, expressing the sound of sipping, or 
• drawing in any drink. ^'1': T\ti- "to sip." 
^"X' s. the sipping. 

gJt-: 3. the face, countenance, the anterior part, 
the surface, the outside of a thing. Ex. 
xxxiii. 14: (it: n6JV\}: JEth.j^A: "My 


countenance shall go before thee." flil'V.' 
"before," respecting time or place. Gen. 

' i. 2: nfAJZ: <L'1-: "On the surface of the 
abyss." d-'Y: Ad.'l" "face to face. Yiy 
A.: ^1'. nd.'"r: "some days 0170." <5.'V: 
h(D^i.&: fIt auk.vri, "advanced General." 
Vid. ?i(l>«S.^:: 

^■t-: s. Eth. fj^-l'^lh: wrc/ic/, divorce. P— : 
"^^^: "bill of c/aorce." 

<5."TA: v.a. Eth. and Tigr. idem. Heb 

Ar. fJJ3 to spin. 

T<5,TA: pass, to be spun. Ex. xxvii. 9. 

?ifl<5.TA: caus. to cause or order spinning. 

£/f£^: s. Heb. h'^T^i: Ar. Jjaj' a thread. Gen. 
xiv. 23. 

d.TATA: v.a. to rub thin between the fingers. 
Td.TA't'A : pass. Lev. ii. 4. 

^^rh"l": s. solution, absolution, dissolution, di- 

djti: v.a. Ar. ^^' " animadvertit," to tempt, 

to attempt, to try ; to put to the test. Gen. 

xii. 1. 

'Td.'t'i : pass, to be tried, tempted, &c. 

Tfi.^Ti: intens. and i.q. A^'Vli: Ex. xvii. 2. 

J'ifld.'l'i: caus. to cause or order to he tried 
&.C., to subject to a trial, to lead into temp- 
tation, to order an attempt. j\Lark i. 44. 
d.Tf": s- temptation, attempt, trial. Ex. xvii. 7. 
A.'J''^'- s. tempter, aitempler. Matt. iv. 3. 
iS.'Tf : adj. first, foremost, anterior, preceding, 

previous. Gen. viii. 13. — P.'f: fem. 
^■'t'CD't' : s. pleasure, esp. sensual pleasure, vo- 
luptuousness, lust, sensuality. Num. xi. 34. 

Rad. d,Ta): Eth. "desiderdvit." 
^.TT: v.a. to break grain, to stamp or roughly 

grind it ; to make grits. 

T^T'l : pass. Lev. ii. l. 
^-"l*"!: s. roughly ground or broken grain; 

grits, 2 Sam. xi. 19. 
d.TfS.'t' : V. a. to stir a dough or paste. 

tdjVA.'t". pass. 
d,"^ ■ s. looser, dissolver, destroyer. Nahum ii. 2. 
^/T-: s. a person or thing loosened, dissolved, 

liberated, &c. Isa. Iii. 9: PP^'i'iA'J": 

i5.^A: ... <5.TCa,: 

( 195 ) 

^Ta.*P'P: ■ 

<5.'F'T: (ransomed), "liberated of Jerusalem." 
G^' YxIC,' "a deserted, waste country." 
Lev. xxvi. 31. P— : ouR-AQ.: "bill of dh- 
solutioni" " bill of divorce" " bill oi absolution," 
" oi liljeraiion,'" "a charter." 

<5.^A : s. " T"^^'' ^ ^onjrs, pincers. 

((5_r:: Ar. ^LU open *;;ace before a house-door ; 
a porch. Isa. x. 23. 

tj^f: s. <orc/t. John xviii. 3. 

^h.n: s. Ar. . ....!'i fir, f, iha.vo':. a lantern. 

<5.M'A: V. a. Eth. <5,'J'I'A: 'o overturn, turn 
upside down, to subvert, to roll away. Gen. 
xxix. 8. 
T<5,M*A: pass. Nahura i. C. 

((5.^;l': s. portion, part, ratio, turn, station, place, 
stead. Gen. iv. 25. 1 Chr. xvi. 37. 

A^i.'Vd.- V. n. <o spring or fly off, to escape sud- 
denly, to snap off. 

Ti&X^^^' ^'^t- io fing or flirt auoy ; to f Hip. 
'V&X^^' pass, to be flung or flirted auay. 

'J.'JJEl ^: s. excrements, dung. Deut. xxviii. 27. 

i5.^^A: and ^I^Jl: Ar. ^l^* coffee- or tea- 
cup ; small drinking-glass. 

d.^fD'l': V. a. /o asperse, sprinkle, besprinkle, to 
squirt at. 
'Td.lfTI'l': pass, to be aspersed, besprinkled. 

QJIfTiCTi: s. Shoa: small-pox. Al. 1-£J.^:: 
Tigr. syphilis. Amh. ^T^:: 

«5.^^^'l': s. hermaphrodite, used of men and 
animals. The hyaena is thought to be so. 

^^: s. crop or craw of birds ; bladder of mam- 
malia. Lev. i. 16. 

&,Q)fi' V. a. to heal, to cure, restore to health. 
Gen. XX. 17. 

- 'T #5,0) 1*1: pass, to he healed, cured, restored to 
health ; to recover oite's health. 

^Qy'tl: s. medicine, medicament, physic. Ps. 
xxxviii. 7. Luke xiii. 32. 

&fV^' s. a physician. Ex. xv. 26. Rad. 


«i.*PCCI,: non occ. 

?i,£J,qP01: ^'. n. <o whistle, to pipe. Isa. 
xxxiv. 14. 

G.TG,*P'P: s. a waterfall, cataract, cascade. 

Gen. viii. 2. for " strong gush. ofKafcr" from 

d.OCD': s. Eth. pi. h^OCD-l': and contr. 

J'iQ.f^: serpent. Job xx. 16. 
<5__H : non oec. 

?kil,H : "^■. ^- '" moci- af, /o deride, to scorn ; 
to be a mocker, scorner. Gen. xix. 14. 
&V\: s. mockery, scorn, joke. 
^JW : idem. Jer. xxv. 18. 
<S H V: adj. & s. one u-ho mocks ; a mocker, de- 
rider, scorner, joker. 2 Pet. iii. 3. 
d.H H : V. n. to be lame, powerless ; (of the 

eyes) to be or become dim-sighted ; to become 

^PA: s. a goat. YxGPir.: — : "he-goat." 

Gen. XV. 9. 
^P: s. payment, wages, reward, recompence, 

compensation, retribution, merit, ivorth, value. 

Ex. XXX. 12. cf. Ar. ^Tjj. 
<1.K A : s. letter or character of the alphabet 
&,^^'- Ar. ^si a plough. Isa. v. 10, 
(S,^: V. a, to consume, to spend, io waste, to 

wear out. 

'f/5,H: pass, to be consumed, spent, ivasted; 
to be worn out, to die or wither away. 
Luke xiv. 28. 
^nifjrti<^: part oi gliding, slipping. — : hA: 

to glide out, to slide out. — : ?i^«i^T; io 

make glide out, to he slippery. 
G,^&'' s. anus. 
<5.1<5.T: V. a. to clean by rubbing, to scour with 

drv rnat^rials. 

*?\d.'l<5.T: V. n. to retire, withdraw, io go 
&JJ^: s, Tigr. fn «?.>»:: a leguminous plant, 
eaten as a medicine in bowel-complaints. 

d.(I1«i: V. a. Ar. J^j to create ; met. to tcork. 
T<5.m4,: pass, to be created. 

d."l<5: s. Ar.^'i the creator; author. 
^^6: s. a created being, creature. 
^'Vd/V' s. creation, formation, ivork ; creature. 
&,Ki\: V. n. to he hasty, io hasten; to be quick, 

? ?»fl./5.ICa: 

( 196 ) 

d.cff': . • . <;.>l'"3l: 

speedy. 1 constr. A/Vt"' "being iu haste," 

"hastily," "quickly," " speedily." Gen. xviii. 2. 

Ti^mi: act. to speed, to hasten, to hurry. 
Mark vi. 55. Ps. cvi. 13. Ezra vii. 6. 
R-d.'"r: POTty<i,T'J: "a quick writer." 

'I'iS.fRl: pass, to be hurried. 
d.dl'i: adj. quick, speedy, hasty, ejpediliom. 

•2 Sara. ii. 18. 
<5,"Tl5*: idem. Prov. ix. 1 1. 
^fl^l: idem. Isa. xxx. 16. 
dJBEi,: and d,VSL--- v- a- Etli. <tR-rh: "cuneo 

fidit ligiia vel saxa," Heb. PTL'S Ar. _^iJ 

"contundendo fregit." Amh. to grind, to 

reduce to powder. Ex. xxxiL 20. 

T«5,Bl: pass, to be ground or reduced to 

?i4.^- intens. 'VC.tTi: — : "to gnash with 

the teeth," Acts v. 33. Also to whet. 
?if1<S.QS>: caus. to cause or order grinding, &c. 

<5.«.p.: s. grinder, miller. Eccl. xii. 3. 

<5.^I.»•:^: s. idem. fem. ^tp-^TP.'!': female 

miller. Eccl. xii. 4. 
<5_Rao; V. a. to accomplish, to perfect, to finish, 
to end. 
't'<5.X''U: pass, to be accomplished, perfected, 

Jinished, ended. Gen. ii. 1. 
Yi.fl&.RP^' caus. to cause or order accom- 
plishing, &c. Gen. xliii. 3: ^H*^: 
?sfl<5.K0™i: "made a complete encZ with 
ii.R'T^: 1 constr. of d,K^^^': as adv. already, 

completely, perfectly. Gen. iii. 22. 
^H-l^- adj. perfect, accomplished, complete. 

Gen. vi. 9. pi. ^ft-Oi^-};: 
^'i'"i: s. perfection, completion, accomplishment , 
termination, end, sum. Gen. xxxiii. 7. Prov. 
xii. 13. 

Td.Roa : tm^aiiQy : W^£^ 





*/A^: Halai, frontier village and district on 

the N. E. entrance into Tigre. 
U^^^flTi- Hamassen', the northernmost province 

of Abyssinia. 
V^^tnj^: Harajilvt, a mountainous district in 

the province of Tigre. 
Xfd^'fl'- Horeb, mountain. Ex. iii. 1. 
HX^^tl- Herod. Matt. ii. I. 
HAZK^?,' from the ace. 'HpcoJ/aJa, Hkrodias. 

Matt. xiv. 3. 
UrtT^: Ilassam, a rivulet near Adoa. 
irrt.0: Ilosca, prophet. 
If rLO: Hosliea, last king of the ten tribes of 

HfVl: -Enocft, patriarch. Gen. v. 19. Under 

his name, a book is extant, containing some 

very absurd traditions. 
tlTTjA":: UTHAc: and^jTTj/V: Hent alo, 

or Ext'alo, capital of the province of Enderta, 

in Abyssinia. 
IJPYI- Haik, a lake on the frontiers of the 

Yedjow country and the Shoa province of 

Geshe. In it is an island, which contains a 

convent dedicated to St. Stephen. 

AA.n A: Lalibala. (1) A sainted king of Abys- 
sinia, reigning about the end of the 12th 
and beginning of the 13 th century, after the 
downfal of tlie usurping Falasha dynasty. He 
is renowned for his attempt at changing the 
course of the Abyssinian Nile, in order to 

AtnjAqn: • • • dif: 

famish Egypt, on account of the vexatious 
treatment the Abyssinian pilgrims had to 
suffer in the latter country from the Moham- 
medans, and for some churches in Lasta 
which he caused to be hewn out into the solid 
rock. (2) Capital of the province of Lasta, 
containing one (ormore) of those famous exca- 
vated churches, and named after KingLalibala. 
A'"? A'P*: Lamalmo, a high mountain in Semen. 
AflS'- Lasta, a very mountainous province of 
Abyssinia, in wliieh are the sources of the 
Taceaze. Capital, Lalibala. 
A.'°E'?Jt'fl: Lysanias. Luke iii. 1. 
/^$'tl: Luke, evangelist. 
A.S'f f|: LiKAXOs (Lvcanus), one of the nine 
Missionaries from Alexandria who entered 
Abyssinia during the reign of Alameda, about 
the end of the 5th century. 
A'fl^: ^1"lA: Labna Dengcl (Incense of the 
Virgin), surname of King Claudius of Abys- 
sinia. Al. 5 -fi A : ^Tl A : : 
A°'}J^'5: London, metropolis of the British 

ti.%: Levi, son of Aaron. 

A.T^: Leviie. pi. A.TCD'^'}: the Levites. 
H — : Book of the Levites, Leviticus. 
AT,: Lagi, a considerable lake in the country 
of the Aroosi Gallas, to the east of Gurague. 

diC5: Aaron, liigh-priest 
ihf : Hannah, supposed mother of St. Mary. 

A.T:- ■«"rt(pf': 

( 198 ) 

•i^'VjPfi: ••■ 9"RT: 

ih.T: Si'<'- Gen. iii. 20. 

tih'H4»?*.A: Exekiel, prophet. 

!t%H "Pyfl ■ Hezekiah, king of Judah. 

rhH2V.A: Huzael, king of Syria. 1 Kings 

xix. 15. 
rfiT,: Hacjgai, proplict. 


o^AVl^fl: Malachi, prophet. 

oo^Yl: K.K,^: Melchizedek. Gen. xiv. 18. 

onfJ^C- Ar.J^ Cairo in Egypt. 

ijajLUQ: Ar.p!^ Heb. D';"1L''2 Egypt. 

9Dju/^; an Egyptian. 

f^^C/^^QUti' Merciirhis, name of several 
saints, and name of the planet Mercury. 

'^Q^'tl' Mark, evangelist, and supposed foun- 
der of the Church of Alexandria. 

OTJ£»'n: Mar ah, a river in Tigre. 

w^.H't: Marabete, a district in the N.W. 
of Shea. 

oq^^i^ti: Mary, esp. the Virgin. 

— ' (D^'Ji- Maryam WriiA, a small river and 
village in Dambea. 

— : n*5;'t": IVLvRYAM Shawito, a \-illage near 

au^tl,: Moses. 

oroflrh: Masheha, mountain in Semen. 

OD^j^fl : fm^l,f\ : and "0^£^P'f| : Macarius, 
name of several saints. 

cro*f|_: Maccahaus, Maccabean. 

OD<t^^_P : Macedonia. 

ooVcTPili '■ Macedonius, who was condemned 
as an heretic by the first Council of Con- 

nnDn">»: OP-I: Maba Ts'ion (Offering of Zion), 

• son of Ras Amdu, during the reign of Nabla 
Dengel (Claudius), is said to have translated 
(or compiled ?) the haim vnot abao, into Ethi- 
opic. Tliat work is the Abyssinians' standard 
work of doctrine : it is composed of extracts 
from the Sacred Scriptures, and especially 
from Synods, Councils, and numerous writ- 
ings of the Fathers. 

OT!'tfl)fl: Mallheic, apostle. 

"^''Vytl: MaUbias, apostle. Acts i. 26. 

"^'^^.J^- MAinn-uD, town in upper or north- 
ern Ifat. Eth.ut}'^/^^: tower. 

9"rrt.: Manasseh. Gen. xlviii. 5. 2 Kings 
xxi. 1. 

"'^^TVl : Manlak, a convent of thcTabeeban, 
in a forest on Mount Mamrat, about five or 
six miles from Ankobar. 

inaTH : Manz, a district on tlie eastern fron- 
tier of Shoa. 

9°^5JC• Mexdjar, a province in the south of 

injY\f": Makinva, mountain in Lasta. 

"^^ T^£\. '■ Michael, archangel. Jude 9. He 
is believed to have been the angel who guided 
the Israelites out of Egypt into Canaan, and 
to have inspired the prophet Isaiah. 

*"?,Viyri: Micah, prophet. 

*^^- f1l''Ct- ^I^" SnK:GWERTr, a brook near 

"y^: >>flAC"J.e: MXi Eslamai, a district of 
Semen, on the southern bank of the Taccaze. 
There the battle was fought in 1S31, in which 
Sabagadis was beaten and made prisoner. 

°^^: "J^." ^^^i Go'gwa, a brook near Adoa, 
which rises at the foot of Mount Shelluda, 
and enters into a rivulet called Hassam, after 
having passed by a hill on which are the 
ruins of the former convent of the Jesuits, 
wliich they called Fremona, but which was 
called by the Abyssinians Fartnunulos (Fru- 
mentius). The brook gives its name to those 
ruins, and a village, Mai Gogua. Vid. '\'X'' 

OUP: hA^/Vj; Mv'i Ts'iihelo. a villao'c in Sr- 
men, residence of the Dadjazmatsh. 

•"JJE: &,dSl ' Mai Faras, a rivulet in Agame. 

aT}<q(^: M\GER, a kingdom said to be inhabited 
by Christians, and situated S. AV. of Zind- 
"^PC.y: K9"<J: Magaria TsYmri, a district 

in Tigre. 
otJ^g A*^'"!' : St. Mary Magdalene. 
9"R"T: Massowah, island and town n?ar the 
Abyssinian coast. 

lUAfl1':9nVl-:.. wi^Ar^^Ari: ( 199 ) «£AA: ^"nA: • • • T'lnjA: 


Ui Afjls: l^fx'l-: "The Three Iliindreri;'' (in- 
accurate for 318,) i.e. Fathers at the Council 
of Nice : general denomination for " Nicene 

^ chA : A*^A l\: SahEla Selasse (i. e. Clemency 
of the Trinity), the reigning king of Shoa. 
He styles himself "King of Shoa and Ifat, 
of Gurague, and of the Galla Nation." He is 
the seventh king of Shoa, after that country's 
separation from the Abyssinian empire by 
Nagasi. His father, whose name was Wassan 
Saggad, died in 1812, on the 7th of June, in 
a conflagration at Kundi, which consumed 
the royal habitation. Sahela Selasse, who, 
with his motlier, Zenama Wark', had escaped 
the fire, was then raised to the throne, at the 
age of twelve years. The reins of govern- 
ment could not have been entrusted to better 
Abyssinian hands, as far as our knowledge of 
Abyssinian affairs goes ; for of all the Abys- 
sinian Princes with whom we were acquainted, 
we knew only Ts'addala Hailu, the governor 
of the province of Ts'aggade, whom, for inte- 
grity, benevolence, justice, love of order, and 
mental superiority, we might rank with Sahela 
Selasse. During a reign now of twenty-nine 
years, he has struggled with many difficulties, 
quelled two or three insurrections, largely 
extended the boundaries of his kingdom, 
built several towns and churches, kept the 
turbulent clergy in order, and rendered him- 
self both feared and beloved by his own sub- 
jects, and in all the neighbouring countries. 
His hospitality to foreigners, of whom he 
constantly maintains, as is said, between 200 
and 300, has been rewarded by the introduc- 
tion of many improvements among his army' 
and people, by their instrumentality ; and it is 
to be hoped that it will prove the means of 
conferring still greater blessings upon him- 

* Elias, of whom Messrs. Combes and Tamisier 
have g-lven a somewhat exaggerated account See 
their " Voyage en Abyssinle," iii. 8. 

self, upon Abyssinia, and upon the surround- 
ing countries, if he but decidedly extends the 
benevolence shown to thepersons of the mes- 
sengers of the Gospel, to their cause. 

**f/lhA: ^K'TfJA: Sahela DkngEl, present sha- 
dow-King of Gondar, under his Pi-ime Mini- 
ster, Ras Ali. 

lUCK • J^Tf A : Sarts'a De^/gv.l ; and with his 
second name, Malak Segged, king of Abys- 
sinia; reigning from 1563 to 1595. 

;tu^ : (Q^fjo : SEga VV' adasi (Flesh and Blood), 
a river in Western Shoa. 

C"^" Cinj:: Qfpi:: and QfJ^y-.i Rome. 

q0ij<j»: pi. QOTidy.^'i: Romith, Roman. 
QR: B.m, a river which rises in Bagammeder, 

and, passing through Foggera, empties itself 

into Lake Ts'ana. 
Cn.A: Reuben, son of Jacob. 
Q'fl^il": Rehoboam. 1 Kings xii. 1. 
<iVl'fl : Rakeb, a festival intermediate between 

Easter and Whitsunday, on the 25th ilay 

after Easter. Gr. Meo-oTrcn-eKoo-Tj;. 
^.4.?i.<fi: or «J,4.J'».A: Raphael, supposed 

archangel, known from the Apocryphal Book 

of Tobit, 

l*!A"9: Salama, Abba — , Etliiopic name for 

Frumentius. Vid. d^CP^P't-fli: 
rt/vqB^: Solomon : (1) King of Israel. (2) King 

of Abyssinia, who succeeded Tecla Haima- 

not H. about 1780. 
rtA7"f flC= SItalmancser, King of Assyria. 

2 Kings xvii. 3. 

iXAfl: and l\^.<prf|: Silas and Sijlvanus, 
St. Paul's companion. 

llAT: Salawa, a large district in Tigre. 

fhl^: Shcm, son of Noah. 

t"^£i.: Somal, a nation inhabiting the eastern 
coast of Africa, from Cape Guardafui to Tad- 
jurra. They are, in general, a fine and well- 
shaped set of men, with beautiful features. 
They are, as far as is known, all Mahome- 

no^CP: • ■ • fKS."^ 

( 200 ) 

fUCi- ■■■^C.fvh-- 

dans ; and some of tlicir tribes, especially the 
Isas on the Dankali frontier, very fierce and 
malignant. Their language resembles, in a 
great degree, those of the Danakil and of 
the Gallas. Their place of rendezvous, 
where the different tribes meet together and 
trade with foreigners, is Barbara. 

ft«9C.P= ^nd u{9°<!.: Samaria. 
flV6^*Z'- « Samaritan. 

fi'jofi'i: Samson. Judges xiii. 24. 

--. • « • ' 

fl"^'}: Vid. in tlie foregoing Dictionary. 
■"l'J^'*'?it.A: Samuel. (1) the Prophet Samuel. 
(2) Several Abyssinian saints, esp. one who, 
as is said, rode on lions. 

tll^P'i' Simeon. Luke ii. 25. Also name of 
St. Peter : 2 Pet. i. 1. Also name of several 
Abyssinian saints. 

<fH,: Sarah, wife of Abraham. Gen. xvii. 15. 

fl<J.*E: Serawe, a large district between Tigre 
Proper and Hamassen. 

tlCJ^fl ' SarcUs, one of the Seven Apocalyptic 

ft'tTiP'ft- Susneus, or Susenios, king of Abys- 
sinia from 1607 to 1632, under whose reign 
the greatest disturbances were created by 
the Jesuits in Abyssinia. Vid. Lee's Intro- 
duction to Gobafs Journal, pp. 23 to 44. Also 
Ludolf, Bruce, and Riippell. 

|^«|>-.fTi; SakwEt A, district in Waffela. 

■^flAP'f!: Sabellius, an heretic in the third 

rtnfl't.^B: SabastiyP; second king of Shoa, 
son of Nagasi. 

rtrYieSiV^- Sennucheriu, king of Assyria. 

'^h£)L- Saul, king of Israel. 1 Sam. ix. 2. 

flQ^A : Saul, afterwards St. Paul. Acts vii. 58. 

ft^tpj; Sodom. 

I^POij: SiDAMA, a country and nation W. of 
Abyssinia, betvi^een the Gooderoo (who in- 
habit the western banks of the Abyssinian 
Nile) and EnarEa. They are said to profess 
Christianity : their females are especial ob- 
jects of slave-dealers, because they are fairer, 
i.e. of a lighter colour, than all their neigh- 

bouring nations, not excepting tlie Gallas. 
iX^T: Sidon, son of Canaan: Gen. x. 15. — and 

his country, v. 19. 
flGJiytl: Zephaniah. Prophet. 


titf^- Shelluda, mountain near Adoa in 

t\d„: Shire, a province W. of Tigre Proper, 
and bordering on the river Taccuze. 

fTl^A: Shan'kEla, improperly Sliangalla. — 
Whether this denomination is generally ap- 
plicable to all Negroes, or whether it signifies 
a certain tribe of Negroes, is still in question. 
The Abyssinians apply it to tho3e inhabiting 
the woods and the low country on the north- 
ern confines of Abyssinia, and to a tribe in 
the vicinity of Agow'meder ; also, I believe, to 
the Dobas in the E. of Wadjerat. 

^i| : K'aha, a rivulet near Gondar. 

'PtiJT°1ifT*t\. Greek genitive case K/N^yueirof, 
Clement of Rome, and Clfmenl of Alexandria. 

'PACD'^P-fl:: ^t\Gt^^(pt\: but generally 
lAQ>'5i(pri: Claudius, name of two Roman 
Caesars, and of an Abyssinian king who 
reigned from 1540 to 1559. 

^90 : gi;j_p: K'uM Dangai, district in the 
country of the Gelun Gallas in Slioa. 

^UfQ : Ceesar, appellation of the Roman em- 
perors. Luke ii. 1. 

^^Qy^ Cesarea, town in Palestine. Acts x. 1. 

^d!„: Korah. Numb. xvi. 

J^: K'wara, frontier province of Abyssinia, to 
the W. of Dambea. Capital, Fintsha. 

^Ctlffl- (1) Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria, who 
died A.D. 444, chief opponent to Nestorius. He 
is held in the greatest respect by the Abyssi- 
nians. (2) Aboona K'erlos, the last Abyssi- 
nian Bishop, who died 1828, at his residence 
near Adoa in Tigre. He was an Ultra- ]\Iono- 
physite ; on which account, as well as for his 
violence, he made himself hateful to tlie 

^C^^ltvtl: ...•fl«i.«l: 

( 201 ) 

nhft-: ...^Vl: 

Clergy of Gondar, Godjam, and Debra Liba- 
nos, i.e. to the party of a milder Monophysi- 
tism. Soon after his arrival at Gondar, he 
excommunicated and cursed them ; and tlie 
consequence was, that they expelled, and 
obliged him to retire to his possessions near 
Adoa, as the clergy of Tigre zealously sup- 
ported him. 

'PC.'^fVti : Mount Carmel in Palestine. 

.'bd.^: Cyrus, king of Persia. Isa. xliv. 28. 

^O-f^Cpti: Cornelius. Acts x. 

•tel^LT: Cyrene, country on the northern coast 
of Africa. Acts ii. 10. 

*(ri"?-fl: (1) Corinih. (2) Quarmtania, the 
desert where Christ is said to have fasted 
forty days and forty nights. 

^PlS.TP : Gr. Kpavlov, sc. TOTrof. Calvary. Luke 
xxiii. 33. 
. *l»^fl^"?n : K'wesk'w.Im, a monastery in Egj'jjt, 
where Christ is supposed to have lived during 
his sojourn in Egj-pt. Also a convent near 

4^f|[in(n.f°fl' Constantine, emperor. Vid. 

«l*^flTTP'J^: Constantinople. 

^'\t\'3r'i't.£'t\- Constantine, emperor. 

3»PA: Cain. Gen. iv. 1. 

^R'Crt • Cyprus, island. Acts xi. 20. 

♦^C^Pf rt: Cyprian, of Carthage. 

- ^^ 
*P^C.i'W'P*: A.r. ^^'J^. Ka-KepvaovjjL^Caper- 

naum. Matt. viii. 5. • 


flA"^: Balasa, province of Abyssinia, situate 
between Dem'bea, Semen, Lasta, Bagam'me- 
der, Foggara, and Lake Ts'ana, Cliief town : 
Abuna Tecla Hai'manot. 

n-A^: Bulga, town and district in Shoa, one 
day's journey south of Ankobar. 

ncn* Barabhas. Matt, xxvii. 16. 

fXC'ttV'^ffiti' Barthohme^v. 

f\C,'^'\t\' Barnabas, tissociate of St. Paul. 

•TldM- Berkza, a rivulet which rises in the 
\V. of the Tshakka, and runs between Angol- 

lala and Dabra Berhan, takes in afterwards 
the Dalatsha coming from Tag'welet, and 
then runs into the Tsh'atsh'a, on its westward 
course into the Nile. 

qfi/V>: Bashelo, a river which rises on the 
N. confines of Shoa, and empties itself into 
the Nile. 

nrtA,n:: nflAP-fl" and nflAgjfl: Basi- 
lius M. of Caesarea in Cappadocia. 

fLT: Af!i,9": Bethlehem, town of David. 

n^t^^Cyi: patriarch. 

n.'I^^^: Bilhynia, country in Asia Minor. 

n fl A : Babei. r\ fX^Cvl ■ Babylon. 

•fnjpt^iT: Benjamin. 

nYl.'P'fl: and AYl'O^.fl: Pachomius, succes- 
sor of Anthony, and regulator of the mo- 
nastic order of that saint. 

'flVi't': Bewahit, one of the highest moun- 
tains in Semen. 

•fl*4A: Jtn-A:: Beelzebub. Matt xii. 27. 

miyj^C- Bagcamv.Eder, considerable pro- 
vince of Abyssinia, situate between Balasa, 
Lasta, Amhara, and Godjam. Capital, Dabra 
Tabor, residence of the Ras, i.e. tutor of the 
nominal king of Gondar. Mah iera Maryam, 
considerable town. 

'TU'A.'^ti. : Taiihuj^^ddare, a country adjoining 
the N. frontier of Shoa, and inhabited by the 
Yedjow Gallas. A considerable lake, called 
Haik, is in this province ; in which there is 
an island and a monastery dedicated to St. 

;^AI^A: Tallal, a tribe of Danakil inhabiting 
the eastern frontier of Tigre, and living in 
subjection to Abyssinian government. Some 
of them have embraced the Christian profes- 
sion: the rest are, like tlieir other Dankali 
brethren, Mohammedans. 

•f-^nji*!: Thomas, apostle. 

tU^nn-. Tambin, a province S.W. of Tigre 
Proper, bordering on the river Taccaze. 

'M*1A"'}«1»: Thessalonica. 

^Iri : TsHAKKA, or Chakka, a ridge of mountains 

t-llA: *f.ea»}f"l-: . . • 't^J^Cfl: ( 202 ) 

'^gyy.tip^fi- • H'b: 

rising W. of Ankobar, and running S. W, to 
N. E., some of wliich rise to the height of 
about 10,000 feet. 
Til A: «/Jio^r -V : Tecla Haimanot. ( 1 ) One 
of the most celebrated Abyssinian saints, 
a native of Shoa, wlio flourished in the 13th 
century. Not attending to the many super- 
stitioiK traditions with wliidi the Abyssinians 
have obscured his liistory, he is renowned on 
these grounds : (a) He restored the line of 
Solomon, by an agreement which he drew up 
between Naakweto Laab, of the Zegue, and 
Yekweno Amlak, of the Solomon family ; in 
consequence of which the former resigned 
liis claims to the latter, upon certain condi- 
tions, (b) He made himself to be the last 
native Aboona of Abyssinia ; by a regulation, 
according to which, henceforth, the Aboona 
was to be a Copt, never an AJiyssinian. (c) He 
made a law, which appointed a third part of 
all Abyssinia for the Aboona alone, and for 
the support of tlie clergy, convents, and 
churches. (d) He established the famous 
convent of Dabra Libanos, in Shoa. (2) A 
kino- of Abvssinia, of the Zegue line, reigning 
in the eleventh century. (3) Two kings of 
the line of Solomon, the second of whom 
reigned at Gondar at the time of Mr. Bruce's 
visit in Abyssinia. 
Tin A: I.P'C.lXi' Tecla Geor^/i-s, king of Abys- 
sinia, brother of Tecla Haimanot II. and his 
second successor. He was raised to the 
throne by Ras Adam, and supported for a 
certain time by Ras Walda Selasse. His son, 
who has the same name as himself, lives at 
present with Oobe, Dedjazmatsh of Semen 
and Tigre. 
TVIH.: Taccaze, a large river which takes its 
origin in the district called Ain Taccaze, on 
the mountains of Lasta; flows in a N. W. 
direction, so as to divide the N. part of Abys- 
sinia in two great divisions, and flows into 
the Nile in Nubia. 
'C9)^Cf! : Theodorus. (1) king of Abyssinia, 
in tlie 14th century. (2) A king of (Abyssi- 

nian) prophecy, who is to make his appear- 
ance in the latter days, and to reign in Abys- 
sinia, a reign of happiness and peace, after 
having subdued the whole world, and con- 
verted it to Christianity. This idea is so 
strongly rooted in the Abyssinians, that in 
Tigre, foreigners, when entering the country, 
are often asked whether they know any thing 
about his coming, or whether they are not 
messengers announcing his arrival. 

T^^fl r* fl : Theodosius, name of three Greek 

'tip^jtvtl- Theophihis, patriarch of Alexandria, 
who lived at the end of the 4th and beginning 
of the 5th century, persecutor of the Ori- 
genists, and of Chrysostom. 

'tK.Cpfl: Thaddeim, apostle. 

•fT^A'Tt*: Ta'gwelat, village and district in the 
S. W. of Shoa ; formerly, after the restoration 
of the dynasty of Solomon, the capital of all 

'X'I'i: Tadjur'ra, a village on the coast of the 
Bay of Tadjurra, the seat of one of the three 
insignificant Sultans of the Dankali people. 


f tl: Noah, patriarch. 

{"Iffju: Aahum. prophet. 

Wfoy: Nehemiah. 

tCi- Nero, emperor. 

TflSTCf*! '• Nestorius, heretic. 

Y^^AtDfl : Nicolau.i. Acts vi. 5. 

Y^«^fjfo p _p : Kicomedia, city in Bithynia. 

^_«jijp qofi : Nicodemus. John iii. 1. 

f n : Nobu, or Nuba, a pagan people on the 
banks of the Nile, perhaps aborigines of 

MIA: ^1"ZA: Nabia Uengel ; i.q. A-fll: J^ 
I"! A : surname of King Claudius of Abys- 

fn-Yl^rXC^ Nebuchadnezzar, king of Ba- 

f 't'r^i.A : Ncdhanael, Apostle. 

15'g: Nineveh, in Assyria. Jcau: — : the Fast 
of Nineveh, which pi-ecedes Lent a fortnight. 

IhVl'-t-: A?ifl:.. ^CP-fl: 

( 203 ) 

hC*Jn : . . . Ka^R: 

l^iYl^"?": A?!'!!: Naakweto Laab, a king of 

f^»Jf : Naod, king of Abyssinia at the end of 

tlie 15tli and beginning of the 16th century. 
f"H da''V-- Nazareth in Galilee. PfUda'p: 

"the Nazarene," " of Nazareth." 
W"*.: Nagasi, the first king of Shoa, who 

rendered himself independent of the king 

of Abyssinia. 

hiVtl^ : Aims' a, a small province in the Tigi-e 
di\'ision of Abyssinia. Principal place, Ha- 
dish Addi, rich in cattle. 
?».A'*fO: Ellsha, prophet. 
2^ A"l VW • Elizabeth. Luke i. 5. 
^A,l,: Helen, empress, mother of Constantine 

the Great. 
?iA'^HC= Eleazar, Eliezer, and Lazarus. 
?». A^fl : Elias or Elijah, prophet. 
TiA.^: -^lef, one of the nine Missionaries 
from Egypt, who completed the work of con- 
version of Abyssinia, in the 5th century, 
begun by Frumentius in the 4th. 
?\rh"n : Ahab, king of Israel. 
KrhTS : ylhaz, king of Judah. 
2\9°n: rfijj: Amba Hai, one of the highest 
mountains (about 14,000 feet above the level 
of the sea) of Abyssinia, situate in Semen. 
y^aoj: pff^fi : Emiiaiia Yasus, the fourtli king 
of Shoa, who is mentioned by Bruce. He 
was son of Abiye, 
2WT: Ammon. (1) father of the ?\qtif(D, 
J^'J: "Ammonites.'" (2) son of Manasseh, 
king of Judah. 
J^aqnr):: f^{\: — : Abba Isuta, companion to 

Abba Garima, &c. 
>»A"^.?».A: Israel. 
J^qoD-}: and r^qo^^jp : Armenia, country in 

Y^CfJTayfx: Jeremiah, prophet. 
?i«5.CT"= Ararge, common Abyssinian deno- 
mination for Harrar, a iMohammedan king- 
dom and people, east of Shoa. 
?kCP'f>: Ariits, heresiarch. 

?iC*il : Argobba, the eastern and north-eastern 
skirts of Shoa, inhabited by Mohammedans, 
who partly are subjects to the king of Shoa, 
partly to a chief of the Mohammedan Wallo- 
Gallas. They speak a very corrupt Amharic, 
the same dialect which is said to be spoken 
in the kingdom of HaiTar. 
^fl''^?*.^: Ishmael, son of Abraham by 

'>»ft"iJ?ik.'V*5 : Ishmaelile. 
?iifl'tC= Esther, queen. 
"J^fl^l^'C- Alexander, king of Alacedonia, of 

whom much is fabled in Abyssinia. 
y^tltl'iK'C^: Alexandria. 
y^tl^i Asia., (I) Asia 3Iinor, in the Scriptures. 

(2) the whole continent of Asia. Geogr. 
lf\.^!SL^tl' Isaias, prophet. 
>»fiaX<J.rf!: Stephen, martjT. 
2\fld.: (Dfl'i: AsFA Wassan, the fifth king of 
Shoa, son of Emmaha Yasus, and grandfather 
of the present king. 
?\^ jtVE P'fl • Claudius, Roman emperor. Acts 

xi. 28. 
i^4'y.R9^: Iconium, country in Asia Minoi". 
2\rL^: Abel, son of Adam. 
?i'11C^r: JiR-n*!: Abreha and Ats'beha, 
two Abyssinian kings, brothers, under whose 
reign Christianity was introduced into Abys- 
sinia by Frumentius, about a.d. 336. 
?»'11A9": Abelam, in Shoa, denomination of 
the corporation of the herdsmen. They keep 
the cattle of the king ; and form a separate 
class of people, who do not live or mix with 
the other inhabitants of Shoa ; and in war, 
they fight in separate bodies. 
K'fl C^T':^ Abraham, patriarch. 
iMlC^A.: Abargale, a tribe of Agows, inha- 
biting the eastern banks of the river Taccaze. 
?»ni\/V?°: Absalom, son of David. 
?V,nn : Ibaba, a small province between Agow- 

meder and Damot. 
?iin.e: Ab\i, the Abyssinian branch of the 
rjver Nile, al. "Blue river" from the Ar. 
aij^lj^. Bahr Ul Azreku. 
iiflJi.B.: AflnrE, third king of Shoa, son of 

h-nRy-- ?iiv>nc: 

( 204 ) 

■>»^KC:^•• • hYii't-7": 

Sabastiye. He is said to liave taken Ankobar 
from the Anko Gallas, who till tlieu pos- 
sessed it. 
MlJ^y: Obadiah, prophet. 
2\'nTAa'jg)fl: better R"f-A«J^^f|: Plo- 

JVtr: Athens in Greece. 

^iTnrcpfl : Alhanusiux, celebrated Church- 
father of Alexandria in the fourth century, 
is held in great veneration by the Abys- 
^l,'^P"frfI: Ethiops, ktdio-^, said to have been 
one of the twelve sons of Chush, whom that 
son of Ham begat at Axum. He is looked 
upon as the chief progenitor of the Abys- 
t\jVV'k^- Ethiopia. Y^JVP-i^^X- an 

yifC.^- or rcy = ExarEa or N.vrea, the west- 
ernmost of the countries surrounding Abys- 
sinia, which are at present known in Eurojie. 
It forms an independent state, under its own 
king: its inhabitants are, for the greater 
part, Mohammedans, with some Christians. 
It is very productive, especially in a superior 
sort of coffee; and contains the civet-cat, and 
the Gessela or dark-brown leopard. 
tCi'P'-d.- Ancyra, citj-- in Phrygia. where some 

Councils were held. 
7\V\^V^- Habakkuk. (1) the Prophet. (2) A 
converted Mohammedan, native of Arabia 
Felix, who, during the reign of king Naotl, 
and when Abuna Tecla Haimanot flourished, 
came as a merchant to Abyssinia, and was 
there brouglit to embrace Christianity. He 
became Etsh'ege, i.e. Superior of all the mo- 
nasteries, and translated some of Chryso- 
stom's works into Ethiopic. 
hnX^tlC- Ankobar, capital of the kingdom of 
Shoa, and chief residence of the king. It 
contains about 12,000 inhabitants, and five 
churches. The king's residence is on a lofty 
peak; which detaches itself from the neck of 
the mountain on which lies the greater part 
of the town, so as to give it an aspect of 

•^ ,. 

grandeur scarcely describable, especially as 
the whole of the royal buildings, consisting 
in a number of larger and smaller houses, are 
strongly fenced in with palisades, surround- 
ing the whole, in a spiral manner, from the 
bottom of the peak to the top. The elevation 
of the town above the surface of the sea is 
stated, by Dr. Beke, to be about 8200 feet. 
The name, Anko-bar, is said to have its origin 
from the Galla tribe Anko, who they believe 
lived here, under a queen, before the kings of 
Shoa possessed it. It signifies " Gate (bar) 
of the Anko." 
"l^tlKC^'^ ExDARTA, province of Abyssinia, of 
which Henfalo is the cajiital. Other chief 
places are, Tshallek'ut, Gebba. The Lake 
Ashangi is in this province. 
"i^^J^C.P'^ = Andrew, apostle. 
J^TIaA: Axgo'llala, a new little town in 
Shoa, about twenty-seven miles west from 
Ankohar, second residence of the king of 
Shoa. Dr. Beke states its elevation above 
the surface of the sea to be 8407 feet. 
Tx'il^'n- Angrab, a tributary river to the 
Taccaze, which rises in the neighbourhood of 
?iTPJPlr»i*! : or ?ilt:9)T^fl : Anticchus, name 
of several Syrian kings of Seleucus's family. 
Tx'i'ViP'- AxT'ETsn'o, town and district in the 

E. of Tigre Proper. 
^'jfn'jfi : St. Anthony, author of Monasticism. 
h.1S^Yty- Antioch. (1) city and church in 
Syria. (2) town and district on the N.E. 
confines of Shoa. 
j-^jlj'j.i/iti: AxiiM, ancient capital of Abyssinia, 
and the present residence of the Governor of 
Tigre Proper, who bears the title of Nebrid, 
or Keeper of the Ark of the Testimony. 
A few architectural relics, of remote as well as 
recent antiquity, and several inscriptions 
which are found there scattered on stone, 
speak of better days than the present. Axum 
has been described by Bruce, Salt, and 
Riippell. The author was there one afternoon 
only, when the presence of Oobieh's (Oobe's) 


( 205 ) hKotijfi: rtlj^: . . . hKf^: fllj^z 

army prevented liira from doing any more 
than glance over those antiquities ; and the 
unfortunate breaking up of the Tigre Mission 
did not allow a second visit, for a thorough 
examination. He was, however, assured, 
by a priest, that there were several Iiouses 
which contained, within their enclosures, in- 
scriptions which no European as yet had 

^l^.P,P: Achaia, province of Greece. 

h-dhC^i: Europe. 

TvOy^'^ynP'tl: EuseUmx, name of several 

bishops of the fourtli century. 
^i.fl^fl"l't(pfl: Euslathius, chief author of 

the monastic life in Abyssinia. 
7\(D'"li^t^h-- Augustus, Caesar. 
^(D'^^Yl.' Eutyches, heretic. 
?iHC^= ^"'l hHC.Pi^: /f-arioA, son of Zadok 
tlie Hig-h Priest : 1 Kinjjs iv. 2. He is said to 
have accompanied Menilek (the supposed son 
of Solomon by the queen of Sheba, and father 
of the Abyssinian dynasty) in his escape from 
Jerusalem to Abyssinia: (vid. Bruce, H. 399.) 
and there are at present a large number of 
learned Abyssinians who pride themselves 
on their being descendants of that illustrious 
?vKn.A: Jezehcl. 1 Kings xvi. 31. 
J\_ponDA^: AiMELLEL, a district in Gurague, 
distant about 120 miles S. W. from An- 
?i,P'C'tlQ9": Jcrobuam, two kings of Israel 

with that name. 
T^^"^ : IsA, a savage tribe of the Somal people. 
Y\,yf\"- Joshua, son of Nun. 
l^yfl'd- Yasu', two kings of Abyssinia so 
called, named, by Bruce, Yasous I. and II. 
Vid. Bruce III. 449 ; IV. 95. 
?\.P'flJPf|: Josiah, king of Judah. 
h,P"n: Job. 
YxP-KA- Joel, prophet. 

Tv.P'Titl- (1) Jehoash or Joash, king of Judah. 
(2) Joas, king of Abyssinia, murdered by 
Ras Michael. 

hK^i^' rtlJ^- '^•■^ama* -Sajrad, king of Abys- 
sinia 1560. 
J\j^9D_pf|: Jdumeea. 
?ijfi''r : Adkt, Upper and Lower, a large district 

between Temben and Shire. 
hJ^V : Acloa or Adu-a, capital and chief com- 
mercial town in Tigre, containing five- 
churches, and between 2000 aiid.3000 inha- 
?»PA: Adal, Abyssinian appellation for the 
Danakil ; derived from the imperial tribe of 
the Danakil, called Ad Alii. That tribe is 
subdivided into the two families of the Bur- 
hanto and the Dinsarra; and from both of 
these families the so-called Sultan of Tad- 
jurra and his Vizier are alternately taken. 
See my small Vocabulary of the Dankali 
hK"?": Adam. 
'tvlf)i' Affal'la, district, and much-frequented 

market-place in Tigre. 
?»3"^: Agamij, a mountainous province in the 
Tigre division of Abyssinia. Chief towns 
are, Adigrat and Genater. Also the rock 
and celebrated monastery of Debra Damo 
are situate in tliis province. 
h^C- Hagar, slave of Abraham, mother of 

YxIPVPti: Ignatius, martyr. 
T\.1(D^: Agow, a nation in Abyssinia, subject 
to the king of Gondar, and governed, under 
him, by seven chiefs. 
hldPI^^C- Agow'meder, country of the 
Agows, a province of Abyssinia, situate to 
the west and south-west of the Lake of 
?t."lAy: Ilalg. 

h^tftl: Apollos, fellow-labourer of St. Paul. 
^i.R.iJ.'iJ?: Epiphany, festival (in the Eastern 
Churches) in commemoration of our Lord's 

JV-AATP"!^: Epiphanius, Church Father of 

the fourth century. 
?»R-rq,: m;^: Atsnaf Sagad (worship of 

the Borders, f . e. to be worshipped or respected 

?\»4."' •• Vi«r»ja>i"!- 

( 20G ) 

Yl^C^-'K- • YhilA.: 

to the ends of the world), surname of King 
Claudius of Abyssinia. 

J^R"*?," ?»n : — : AuBA AtsVk, one of the nine 
Missionaries from the Greek Church to 
Abyssinia, during tlie fiftli century. 

iti.Q,iZ.U^: f'C^I^: Ephraim the Syrian, who 
flourished during the middle of the fourth 

hi^6^: and JV^d^JP: Africa. 

'h.Q.&M^- Efrata, district in the north-east of 

?i.S.<5iTfll : Euphrates, river in Asia. 

T^ijC^'i' Epheaus, city in Asia Minor. 

"ii^^: or ?k,4,^: Efat or If at, the eastern 
di\'ision of the kingdom of Shoa. The fol- 
lowing are subdivisions: Ankobar, Basso, 
Manz, Dok'ak'it, Dabdabo,K'araba,Mahhfood, 
Kawt, Abomesa, and Geddem. Capital : An- 

7\ii.: (DC,^- Chryaostom (Mouth of Gold), a 
much esteemed Cliurch-Fatlier in Abyssinia, 
though they j ossess but few of his writings. 


11A.T1: Caleb, king of Abyssinia, who assisted 
the emperor Justinian, a.d. 522, in punishing 
the Jews in Arabia, for their hostilities 
against the Christians. 

1n9°n^: ICam'bat, a petty Christian kingdom 
south of Gurague, about, as Mr. Krapf was 
informed, six days' journey, i.e. 140 or 150 
miles distant from that country. Capital, 
Karemsa, situate on a mountain. The pre- 
sent king is said to be a good old man, called 
Degoie. The kingdom is reported to contain 
fifteen churches only, and those without priests. 

Yl«^(D'l^: Kaivlvwnts. This people is men- 
tioned by Mr. Gobat, in his Journal, p. 363. 
In addition to his remarks, I obtained the 
following information concerning them, from 
trustworthy natives of Gondar, whom I met 
with in Shoa:— The Kamaw'nts are baptized, 
have priests among them, and join in the 
Lord's Supper; but, nevertheless, they are 
looked upon as Pagans. They live chiefly 

in the vicinity of Gojidar, in Woggera, in 
K'erk'er and K'uzkazit, and are generally 
poor. Tiiey observe their religious pagan 
ceremonies in thickets which scarcely are 
penetrated by the rays of the sun. Tliey 
pay a particular respect to certain plants, 
which they take care not to hurt, especially 
the cactus; maintaining, that the cactus is 
animated by a rational soul, and that the 
human race is derived from it. When any 
one of their relations dies, they prepare him a 
great Tazcar in the fields, where he also is 
interred. They have a language (mode of 
expression ?) of their own. God is only 
called " the Glory." The women have their 
ears clipped ; and their earlaps lengthened 
by heavy rings or pieces of wood suspended 
to them, so as to be known by long ear-laps. 
My informants said, that these people eat, 
from Christians, only such meat as has been 
killed on a Saturday. 

TrhC5''Ii.: KuRTSHAsV, a country in Central 
Africa, not far from Gurague ; it is sur- 
rounded by Gallas, but all its inhabitants are 

Ylfi^: Kasam, a considerable river in Bulga, 
which runs into the Hawash. 

InfOI: Canaan, son of Ham; and country 
where he settled. 

"ri^' Kaffa, a kingdom W. S.W. of Shoa, be- 
tween Enarea and Gurague. It produces 
good cofiee, civet, the black leopard, and 
many other valuable articles. Its inhabi- 
tants are mostly Christians oi the nLoyssinian 
Church. Capital towns are Dentsh and 
Bonga. A large river waters the c-ountry, 
which is called Kibbi : whether it goes to the 
Nile, or, as others say, to the south, is not 
yet ascertained. 

TTLi^: Cephas, l.q. Peter. 

Trh4/V.: Kufale, a book containing several 
mysteries which God is said to have re- 
vealed to Moses on Mount Sinai, not wTitten 
in the Pentateuch. 



( 207 ) 



<DAf: Wallo, a jNIohammedan Galla tribe, 
inhabiting the ancient province of Amhara, 
and part of Angot in Abyssinia. 

CDAI": Wal.\mo, a country south of Cambat, 
inhabited by Christians ; who, however, are 
said to be at present totally destitute of 
priests. Capital, Wofana. A considerable 
river, called Mama, waters the country. The 
people are circumcised (as all the Abyssi- 
nians), but do not observe fasting, and have 
but few festivals in the course of the year. 
The price of a slave is twenty pieces of salt 
— Krapf. 

QJAlP: Wa'lXk'a, a province of Abyssinia. 

OAJ'^'t": Walk' AIT, a province on the N.W. 
borders of Abyssinia: the country is low, 
and full of marshes ; very fertile, abouncUng 
in woods and wild beasts. 

(DAJ^H: Waldvrv, a small proN^ince between 
WalkVit and the river Taccaze. It is re- 
nowned for its convents for monks and nuns, 
to which many respectable Abyssinians send 
their children for education. 

(DrtT: l^l^K"- Wassan Saggad, the sixth king 
of Slioa, and father of the present king : he 
died in a conflagration at Kundi, which con- 
sumed the house in which he lived, in 1812. 

<P"^: Wato, a class (or tribe?) of Gallas, inha- 
biting the mountain Wato-Dalatsha, near the 
banks of the Hawash, south of Shoa. They 
pretend to keep the original institutions of 
the Gallas pure, whereas all their other Galla 
brethren are said to have fallen off. Their sole 
business, they say, is to bless and to curse ; 
for which purpose they go from tribe to tribe, 
and from nation to nation : and their bless- 
in"^ and curses are so superstitiously relied 
upon, that nobody dares to touch them ; but 
wherever they come, they find what they 
want, although they are seldom allowed to 
enter people's houses. As they are fond of 
the hippopotamus, Mr. Krapf, who gives this 
information, thinks that there may be a rela- 
tion between them and the following. 

(Oy/t- Wai;to, a people inhabiting the shores 
of Lake Ts'ana, and living chiefly upon the 
flesh of the hippopotamus and other animals 
held in abhorrence by the Abyssinians. 

(pg-^,^: Wadjerat, an Abyssinian province 
S. of Enderta. 

d)"!^,: Wagoera, a province between Semen 
and Dambea, abounding in barley. Capital, 

(DliA: Waffela, a small province between 
Lasta and Wa'ujerut. 

cj,A.: Eli, priest and judge. 1 Sam. i. 
09"K'- R"P"T: Amda Ts'ion (Pillar of Sion), 

king of Abyssinia, a celebrated warrior, whb 

reigned from 1312 to 1342. 
t^qoj^: Amos, prophet. 
OHi.: Ezra, priest. 
QJZ.r^'^n: Ainam'ba, capital of the Argobba 

country, and residence of its governor, situate 

on the banks of the river Tsh'affa, al. Ber'kiina. 
*%^"l^"'t": Adegrat, ea])ital of the province of 

Agame in Abyssinia. 
Oi5^tn^ : Ats'mi, Tigi-ean district on the borders 

of the salt plain Arho. 


H : as an Ethiopie genitive, stands frequently as 
initial before Christian names of persons, in 
order to supply another word which is sup- 
pressed; e.g. H^1"1A: "of the Virgin," 
instead of (D A J^: or*{'n<: RinC^: "son" 
or " slave of the Virgin." 

HAT: Zalan, pi. HAr-'f':: a migratory and 
nomadic people, inhabiting especially the 
provinces of Fog'gara, Balasa, Dambea, Wag- 
gera, and Semen. They pretend to be de- 
scendants of Jacob, who accompanied Meni- 
lek, the son of Solomon, into Abyssinia. They 
live under their own chiefs, are said to be 
better Christians than the rest of the Abys- 
sinians, marry but one wife, and form a sepa- 
rate class of people, just as the shepherds in 

iiii\»v: . .^^^S'C= 

( 208 ) HVli:a)i<a>'A.:.. MIL-n: 

"Hfhoy:: hfl: — : AnnA ZEiiiima, one of Abba 
Garima's &c. comj)anions. 

HO^*l?».A: Zamiciiael, surname of Abba 

H<.nn.A: Zerubahel. Matt. i. 12. 

HCO : y O^'fl : ZaVa Y.vkK'oH (seed of Jacob), 
king of Abyssinia, who governed 1434 to 1-16S, 
and sent messengers to tlie Council of Florence. 

HTIA^'T: Zebulon, son of Jacob. 

H'flS^fpfl: Zebedce, father of the apostles 
James and John. 

Hf: Zana, village and district in the province 
of Shire. 

TnS"C- Zen'djEro, a country S. E. of Gurague. 
Mr. Krapf received from a slave at Anko- 
bar, a native of Zendjero, the following infor- 
mation : — The present king, Ammo, is a 
■warrior, and favours all people of that kind. 
The natives have circumcision, and some 
Christian festivals; but know little about 
Christianity, and are Pagans. The capital is 
Anger. Succession to the throne is heredi- 
tary. The people, like the Gallas, eat no 
fowl, neither do they eat goats. The Gura- 
gue merchants, when coming to Zendjero, 
are maintained by the king during their stay. 
The male inhabitants cut off their teats ; say- 
ino-, that they are becoming only to women : 
they likewise mutilate their testicles. Only 
females are sold as slaves to other countries : 
male slaves are made only by force, by rob- 
bers, or as prisoners of war. The reason is 
said to be this : JIany ages since, the king of 
Zendjero had ordered a man of rank to kill 
his wife, as the king wa>itf-d b^r for a m.edi- 
cine. The man went home; but although 
he found her asleep, he did not venture to 
kill her. Tlie king then ordered the lady to 
kill her husband. She complied : and, as a 
punishment for this female cruelty, females 
alone were condemned to be sold as slaves to 
forei°Ti countries. — There are people in Zend- 
jero who pay no duties ; but deliver their 
first-born sons to the king; the latter appoint- 
ing these unhappy creatures for sacrifices. 

For this barbarous custom the following 
reason is assigned: Formerly, a high iron 
column stood in the ncifflibourhood of the 
capital : as long as it stood, there was rain 
and sunshine, summer and winter, mixed to- 
gether during the whole year, so that no 
seeds or fruits could come to maturity. The 
king asked his wise men what to do, to divide 
the seasons. They advised him to cut off 
the pillar, but not quite to the ground. He 
did so; and the rains decreased, and fruits 
could ripen. But his wise men counselled 
him, in order to prevent the return of the 
former calamity, from time to time to sacri- 
fice a number of first-born sons to the deity. 
— The reporter said, that he himself saw the 
remaining stump of the pillar still standing. 
Hln^: OD^CD'A.: Zakri and Pauli, according 
to one of the most learned Abyssinians of the 
present day, two brethren, who lived after 
Christ, and before Frumcntius, and translated 
tlie Books of the Prophets into Ethiopic. 
H^C Pfi- Zccharinh, prophet; Zacharias, the 
priest ; both of which are by the Abyssinian 
lee:endarists made out to be identical, and to 
them (him) is referred Matt, xxiii. 35. 
HV^'- Zw.u, a considerable lake in Gurague, 
. in which five islands are said to be found, 
with several monasteries. It was reported 
that the king of Abyssinia, at the time when 
Gragn invaded the country, concealed the 
most valuable treasures there. King Sahela 
Selasse of Shoa sent therefore a man on pur- 
pose to examine those islands ; who did not, 
liowcver, find any such treasures, but he 
said that he found a large number of Ethiopic 
books there. The lake receix es several rivers ; 
but whither it sends its water, we have not 
yet ascertained. 
HK.'n : Zazcb. Abba Salama Zazeb, a native of 
Tigre, during the reign of king David II. (who 
had liis residence at Yerer, in the S.W. of 
Shoa, now inhabited by Gallas) translated the 
"Book of Monks," by Cyril of Alexandria, 
into Ethiopic. 


( 209 ) 

P4 . . . JZflth*; 

HJil-T: Zenon, Greek emperor in tlie 5th 
century, author of an henotikon. 


In the Ethiopic, most of the Scriptural pro- 
per nouns beginning in the Hebrew with ■•. 
and in the Greek with I, are rendered witli 
the initial Y\^:: In the Amharic, this has been 
retained in many instances; in others, that 
superfluous letter has been rejected. Many 
Abyssinians object to the Ethiopic J\," i" those 
proper nouns, as in the Ethiopic language it 

signifies negation : wherever, therefore, it can 
properly be omitted, it seems recommendable 
to do so, although it cannot be omitted every- 

P4: Yaha, village and district in the province 
of Ti<Te. On a hill in the village are large 
ruins of a respectable building, evidently from 
the time before the conversion of Abyssinia 
to Christianity. The author, who saw it in 
1835, on his journey to Adowa, was shewn two 
stones, one within the wall and one taken out 
from it, containing the following Inscriptions ; 


" " 

•i D O O 

n I 9 h <» h 

* hxvfto oi^xno oix:^ ^no 

which he compared with those given by 
Mr. Salt, who previously visited the place; 
and identified No. 1 with one of the latter. 
It is curious, that Monsieur Fresnel, the 
present French Consul at Jidda and a dis- 
tinguished Oriental Scholar, in his first 
visit to Arabia jn 1836 (?), in the neighbour- 
hood of Mareb, found several Inscriptions 
with similar characters, of which he has 
given an account in the Bulletin of the So- 
ciete Geographique of Paris. From the 
resemblance of these characters to the exist- 
ing Ethiopic Alphabet, we may suppose that 
the latter has been perhaps derived from a 
primitive alphabet containing these letters. 
The resemblance of some of them to some 
Coptic letters suggests the probability of an 
original affinity, if not identity, between the 
Coptic and the Ethiopic: and the identity 
of thf se characters with those in Mr. Fresnel's 
discovered Inscriptions leads us to think 
that the same language may have been 
spoken, at some early period, both in Arabia 
and in Abyssinia. But to ascertain that 

period is difficult ; and at present, it seems 
impossible. If the Abyssinians' tradition of 
Frumentius ha\'ing translated the N. T. is 
but partly true, it seems certain that the 
Arabian Inscriptions cannot have been made 
during the Abyssinians' invasion into Arabia 
during the reign of the emperor Justinian ; 
for there is scarcely any doubt but that since 
the time of Frumentius the Etliiopic alphabet 
has undergone no change, except the addition 
of a few letters, for the expression of several 
Amharic sounds. The subject, therefore, must 
be left for further inquiries. 

^U*^'- (1) Judah, son of Jacob and his tribe- 
(2) Judaea, country. (3) Judas. (4) Jude, 

P-itiMl: John. 

P<.«^A.9": Jerusalem. 

JPti,^: Yared, an Abyssinian saint, native of 
Semen, who lived about 300 years ago, and 
is believed to live still. He is author of the 
Church Music (H.^"] :) of Abyssinia. 

P'C^{°fl = Jordan, river in Palestine. 

,grtth^: Isaac. (1) Son of Abraham the 

Pl"lrt:.. .^qw-V: 

( 210 ) 


patriarch. (2) One of tlic earlier Fathers of 
the Church of Armenia. (3) Surname of Abba 
Gareema, one of the nine MissionarieD who 
arrived in Abyssinia from the Greek Church 
during the 5th century. (4) King of Abys- 
sinia in the beginning of the 1 5th century. 
Prhfl: Jpsus. 

JC^YlQ: Issachar, son of Jacob. 
jKi^Ji: Jesse, father of David. 
P"I*L^: Joseph. 
P'ffi: Jonns, prophet. 
P"f J""!: Jonathan, son of king Saul. 
^O^'fl: (Yaek'ob, not, as Bruce gives it, 
Yagoube) Jacob, James. (1) The Patriarch. 
(2) Two Apostles. (3) King of Abyssinia 
from 1604 to 1605. (4) A Syrian lieresiarcli, 
head of the Jacobites. 
P£fl>*: Yadjoiv, country of the Mohammedan 
Yadjow-Gallas, tributai-y to Gondar. Capital, 
^«{.: Yajfa, Jaffa, or Joppa, town in Palestine. 

Heb. 'iD\ Jos. xix. 46. Jonah i. 3. 
^d/V : Japheth, son of Noah. 
^Q.'X'^- Jephthah, one of the Judges of Israel. 

PlTf : Do'hoxo, Abyssinian appellation for 
Arkeeko. Ar. »ajJy6. 

P 09: DiMA, town in Godjam. 

^frqf\ip: Damascus, capital of Syria. 

^ifo-f\^: DambEa, a large and beautiful pro- 
vince of Abyssinia, in which the capital of 
the whole kingdom (except Shoa), i. e. Gondar, 
is situated. Also Lake Ts'ana, in a large ba- 
sin supposed to have been a crater of an ex- 
• tinguished volcano, enters so much into this 
province as to receive the denomination of 
Lake of Dambea. There are, besides this, 
the following principal places in this pro- 
vince : Tsli'alga, Wahhne, Warkleba, Eslamge, 
Emfras, and others. 

pqD'"|- : Damot, province situate between God- 
jam, the Abyssinian Nile, and Shoa, Capital, 
Burre. Commercial town, Dambetsh a. 

^^qi-'f : Dok'ak'it, a district in upper Ifat. 
^«|>*mK: Dak AGUZAi, a province of Abys- 
sinia on the eastern frontier of the Tigre 
division, generally called Bahamagosh. 
K'fli.: A.Trrt: Dabra Libaxos, large and re- 
nowned convent in Shoa. 
Riti-: iXt": Dabra Sina. (1) Mount Sinai in 
Arabia. (2) an inconsiderable mountain near 
K'tM,'. ^PC" Dabra Tabor, capital of Bagam- 
meder, and residence of the Has of Abyssinia. 
K'fl«^= 'flC*J'5= Dabra Berhan, third residence 
of the king of Shoa, about 24 miles W. of 
J^'n«5.: (DC'S*- Dabra Wark\ a famous mo- 
nastery in Godjam. 
R'tli-'. S.V^- Dabra Dammo. (1) renowned 
monastery in Agame. (2) a conical mountain 
near Adowa. 
K^^'H : Dank'ez, a very fertile district in the 
province of Dambea, bordering on Lake 
^'}?i.A: Daniel, prophet. 
^[^Yl.: DiN'Ki, town in the neighbom-hood of 

Ankobar in Shoa. 
Ji^'ilAnC.- (Gate of the Virgin) Den'gelbar, 
river, district and town on the W. shore of 
Lake Ts'ana. It is said to produce excellent 
pcj^/j. : David, name of several kings of Abys- 
KiPC" -Oa^r, mountainous frontier district in 

the W. of Shoa. 
K P^tl^Citl- i?Jo.scuros, patriarch of Alexandria 
in the 5th century, a violent opponent to the 
Council of Chalcedon. 
P P'°IA.T^f fl: Diocletian, emperor, and 

persecutor of the Christians. 
KP'i'ClP-tl: and J^p-f'tCpfl: Dionysius, 
name of the Areopagite, and of various 
bishops, patriarchs, and saints. 

1: m: m: 

^A: Galla, a nation of Pagans inhabiting a 
great part of Central Africa, and bordering 

1A.A: ..^i.'?: 

( 211 ) 

')C^CPfl' ...reiai: 

upon Abyssinia. See my Preface to the Rev. 
J. L. Krapfs little Galla Grammar. Mr. 
Krapf afterwards received the following in- 

■ formation as to the origin of the Galla 
people and name : — " At a very early period, 
when the Abyssinian kings yet resided on 

• Mount Entoto near Gurague, a Wai'zero (royal 
princess) was married to a slave, a native 
from the S. of Gurague. She bore seven sons, 
who followed the occuj)ation of their father, 
which was that of an herdsman. The sons 
collected nuiny people around them, and be- 
came great robbers. One of them was called 
Toolema, another Karaiu, another Metsh'a, 
&c. ; hence the names of seven principal 
Galla tribes. When they believed. themselves 
strong enough, they fought the Abyssinians, 
and vanquished them several times, espe- 
cially once near the river Galla in Gurague ; 
hence they were called Gallas by the Abys- 
sinians. When Mohammed Gragn desolated 
Abyssinia, the Gallas entered ; and possessed 
themselves of several places, wliich they 
afterwards retained." 

1A.A : Galilee, country in Palestine. 

Itk^fi*^: a Galilean, pi. lA.Aa>yT:: 

l^^y- Galatia, country in Asia Minor. ' 

1f\Qy'^(ptl • Claudius, king of Abyssinia, who 
reigned from 1540 to 1559. His most re- 
markable reign is described in Bruce, III. 196 ; 
and his confession of faith against the Papists 
is oiven bv Ludolf, in his Commentary, both in 
the original Ethiopic and in the Latm trans- 

*)AJP^: Goliath, the Philistine giant. 

"lAij': Golgotha, where Christ was crucified. 

'^mj^^e^'. Gamaliel. Acts v. 34. 

•JqO|^; Gomorrha. 

^i.^ : Gragn or Grangye, Mohammed — , a 
powerful chief of the Danakil, who, during 
the rei<nis of David III. and his son Claudius, 
for a large number of years, was successful 
in overrunning and devastating Abyssinia; 
till, by the seasonable arrival of 450 Portu- 
guese, he was checked, and A.D. 1543 killed. 

•\C/iC.P^tl: Gregory, esp. the brother of Basil, 
and Bp. of Nyssa. Also several others. 

l-n :: l\t\' — : Abba Guhba, one of the nine 
Missionaries to Abyssinia in the 5th century. 

I'fld,- oofJ'TA: Gabra Maskal (Slave of the 
Cross), name of two Abyssinian kings, one of 
whom reigned in the Stli, the other in the 10th 

•j^j*: ao'i^Ci: ^^f|: Gabra Maxfas K'e- 
nfrs, one of the principal Abyssinian saints, 
a native of Shoa. 

1-tlC^tA: Gabriel, archangel. 

1i7rt,''^t: the garden Gethsemane. 

')'iRC,- Gondar, the capital of all Abyssinia, 
except Shoa; described by Bruce, V. 62. and 
by Riippell. 

'n^'f!:!': Gandabta, village and district in the 
province of Tigre. 

"JTEP-: Govtsh'o, a place on a rocky mountain 
near the E. frontier of Shoa, about 21 miles 
from Ankobar, where the male relatives of 
the king of Shoa are confined. 

T^P^C.ljtl : '*?'• George, one of the greatest Abys- 
sinian saints. ^ 

•jj^jyo; Gadm, a province on the N.E. frontier 
of Shoa. 

T.R.^^T: Gideon, judge and deliverer of the 

•y^sjo : God jam, a large and fertile province, go- 
verned by three Dadjazmatshes, and watered 
by the Nile, several of its early branches, and 
by the Lake Ts'ana. Principal towns are, 
Mot'a, Zawa, Bitshana, Brenta, Deema, and 

Basana. Dabra Wnrk and KVdus Genrais, 

o" -> 

celebrated monasteries. 

m.q"l79)fl : Timothy, St. Paul's assistant. 

fIXCfl : Tyre, city on the coast of Canaan. 

m.nCP'fl: Tiberius, Roman emperor. 

m-flCy^fl: Lake of Tiberias. 

CU.A4'''t': Tsh'allek'wet, a city in the pro- 
vince of Enderta, the Clielicid of Mr. Salt. 

CEIA^ : Tsa'ALGA, a considerable town and 
district N. W. of Gondar. 

[.ELGq,: Tsh'atsh'a, a river three miles W. of 

"*«{.:•• •^^'"i*- OP'1: 

( 212 ) 


Aiigollala, on the frontier of the Abitshoo 

0R,4,: Tsh'afa, a river in Argobba, which flovrs 
into the Hawash. 

A,An^fl: PUaie, Roman Governor of Pales- 
tine. His surname is J%.TfrLr*^:: PfL'i 
ITLl-: and ATmy^: "Pontius." 

iiy&lHiJP: Pamphi/Ua, country in Asia Minor. 

i{^fLi^y: Pisidia, country in Asia Minor, 

ATfTIA.^)"!: Pantaleon, one of the nine Greek 
Missionaries who promoted Christianity in 
Abyssinia in tlie 5th century. 

kitVti: Pojitus, country in Asia Minor. 

i<Yl^7Dp-f|: Pachomius. 

kfSt^fvtl: Paul, Apostle. — : •'iqoi^ill.: 
Paul of Samosata, heretic. 

i^Tq": PalmOS, island in the Grecian Archi- 
pelago. Rev. i. 9. 

A-TCrt: Peter: (1) the Apostle. (2) Peter, 
with the surname Abd Essaid, a native of 
Tigre, who lived during the reign of King 
Zer a Yaek'ob, and translated the code of 
law, <5.'"rdi,: ilM*-^: into Ethiopic. 

8r: Ts'ana, a large lake in Western Abyssinia, 
between the provinces of Dembea, Foggera, 
and Godjam. It is described by Bruce, V. 69. 

H.K'^ytl '■ Zedekiah, king of Judah. 

Xl^: Ts'agade, a small but fertile province 
between Semen and Walk'ai't. 


A AqoT : Philemon, friend of St. Paul, to whom 
one of his Epistles is addressed. 

e.AflTh.9": nation and country of the Phi- 

^^fj»p^in}<^: a Philistine. 1 Sam. xiv. 1, 

£.eiYiti- Felix. ActsxxiiL24. 
<5.AJ^A.^.P : Philadelphia. Rev. i. 11. 
d.A^ti' Philip. . . 

<L^R.ri: generally d.ASfflPfl: PhUippi, m 

Macedonia. Acts xvi. 12. 
^1^'h: eP-T: Fess-ha Tseos (Joy of Zion), 

surname of Abuna Tecla Haimanot. 

«5,i : Farri, village on the eastern frontier of 
Shoa, about twenty miles distant from An- 

^£^tnjf-f-f| : Fakmanatos, i.e. Frumentins, called, 
by his Abyssinian name, Abba Salama, the 
first Missionary to Abyssinia, and first Bi- 
shop of the Abyssinian Church. He is said 
to have translated the New Testament into 
Ethiopic; the Old Testament having been 
translated previously; Menilek having brought 
with him the Pentateuch and the Psalms; 
and the "Prophets" having been translated 
by Zakri and Pauli, some time after Christ, 
and before Frumentius. 

4,CXl: Pars, Heb. Dns Persia. 

<i.Cf T ' Pharaoh, king of Egypt. 

4.lXA^f|: (I) Basilides, esp. a certain martyr. 
(2) Fasilados, i.e. Basilides, king of Abys- 
sinia, son of Susenios, who reigned 1632 to 
1665. He banished the Jesuits from his> 
country; and built his palace at Gondar, 
which was made the royal residence, and 
the metropolis of all Abyssinia. 

&n^: Phenice, country on the northern coast 
of Palestine. 

A'^: Ft'GA, a heathenish people in Gurague, 
migi-atory and savage. They are said to use 
poisoned arrows (as do also the Isa-Somals), 
and to eat all that the Guragueans abhor. 

G^i>' FoGGARA, a small province on the E. 
shore of Lake Ts'ana. Principal places : 
Lamge, Nabaga (where the Reb enters into 
the lake), Derra, and Lebak\ Near the 
latter place there are hot wells, 

ATlTi- FiGEN, a certain class of people inha- 
biting a district called Baguesa, S. W. of Lake 
Ts'ana. They are held in abhorrence by the 
other Abyssinians; and are charged with 
sorcery and love of murder, so as to be pro- 
hibited from coming- to Gondar. Being: 
occupied chiefly in elephant hunting, they 
sell their ivory to the Agows, and the inha- 
bitants of Dembea and K'wara, who forward 
it to Gondar. 



Page 4 a. under UTfi" From Mr.KrapFs 
Journal, which but recently reached us, we 
are informed that the Hawash takes its rise 
in a marsh at the foot of a mountain called 
Entsheti, between the two Galla tribes Metsha 
and Betshu Woreb. 

P. 9 b. ti.n^: i-e. A.T- JPIH^: thieves-catcher, 
in Shoa, an officer whose business it is to go 
through the country and to apprehend all 
persons guilty of theft or robbery. 

P. 15 a. rlOJi: summer. Vid. RJ^^: 

P. 22 b. f^QT, : Gr. fjivpov, chrisma, the holy 
oil, with which persons are anointed imme- 
diately after baptism. 

P. 23 a. crort«^_p:Heb. xii. 15. for ODrt'l'^JP: 
object of disgust. Rad. fl'p'p:: 

P. 31 a. oti>'^i\: s. i.(j. fl-^'A: a young dog. 

P. 35 a. ooYlT: Eth. wu^'iP: v. inusit. to be 
a reason, (a cause. 

2\iJXi1riY: Eth. 2\tro^5P:: to reason, to 
inquire into, to find out a cause. Deut- 
XXX. 13. 

P, 40 b. ODfTjC* : Ar. jj^ pi. of j.Js^ 

a rod. Prov. xix. 29. 

aoT;»J|»0 : Eth. for the Ar. jlaiU " the cuttmg 
ofiT," " subtraction," a technical term in the 
Abyssinians' computation of time, signify- 
ino- "that which remains after the sub- 
traction of the epacts or intercalary days 
of the month or year " Vid. Abu Shaker. 
P. 41 a. oiJtq,: to suit, be of use. h^ODtH, 

^^D : " It is of no use to me." 

P. 42 b. OVQQ)^: s. spring, vernal season. 

P. 71 a. ^7i''fira|, : s. Dank. Kembetsha, a 

sort of bread-baskets. Al. ?\7A1A:: 
P. 77 a. •?{"{* : Gr. ace. Kavova, from Kavu>v, 

canon, ecclesiastical regulation. 
P. 77 b. ^W^H: V. n. to be cool, refreshing. 

titl'PWVli' act. to cool, refresh. 

^"H^H- adj. cool, refreshing. 

«t>'H«I>H[: idem. 
P. 83 a. n.U': Behu, vulgar designation of the 

festival of Oirist's Transfiguration, al. n^ 

A: s-nC" 

P. 87 b. •11^^Ji^: Brundo, raw flesh of cattle, a 
favourite Abyssinian article of food. 

P. 93 b. n^:: See the ecclesiastical computa- 
tion under Rj? Ji:: 

P. 94 a. n"llllli: intens. of nUll'l: Dan. 
vi. 24. 

p. 102 a. 'i'flfl^: HebEst, s. Ar.JjLi- a sort 
of wheaten bread made up into small loaves 
like dumplings, baked on iron plates, and 
■\vrapped up in bitter leaves in order to pre- 
vent them from being burnt, al. Pn:: 

p. 105 a. I'fliJ^: Nabreed, supposed keeper 
of the Ark of the Covenant, which, the Abys- 
sinians believe, Menilek, the son of Solomon, 
by the Queen of Sheba, carried away ^vith 
him by stealth, when leaving Jerusalem on 
his return to Abyssinia. As the ark is sup- 
posed to be preserved in the Church of St. 
Mary's (Hedar Tsion) at Axum, the office 
of Nabreed devolves always upon the 

( 214 ) 

Governor of Axum, who is likewise Governor 

of Tigre Proper. 
P. 118 a. ?»C-1f-^5l'1li: adj pi. ?iC;+^Vl 

•^(D-^T : Gr. 6p86So^os, orthodox. 
P. 120 6. 2\fl«tTf|: Gr. ddK^Ttji, an ascetic 

person, esp. a hermit, al. 'lA>J"^:: 

P. 121 a. >»fl:hC'li"sfi: s- f'enus, as evening 
star. Lud. 

P. 123 a. A-flr^il 1*4.11: Ar. and Eth. corrup- 
tion of the Gr. wpafe/f (sc. rwv aTronrToAf.)!') 
Acts of the Apostles, al. "l'n«i: thTC.P'^ = 
Eth. and Pth*PC.S">: 'tli.: Amh. 

P. 123 b. 2\n^i7: Ar. i-naKTOLi, sc. rmipai, the 
epads, intercalary days of the month and of 
the year. 
P. 136 a. ?)iCq,: v.a. Eth.(hKP: "donationem 
propter nuptias sponsac dedit." to marry, 
espouse a woman; to give a woman in mar- 
riage. 2 Cor. xi. 2. Hos. ii. 21. 
^CE|,: pass, to he betrothed, engaged for mar- 
riage, espoused, married to a man, to marry 
a man. Ex. sxii. 16. Jer. ii. 2. 
P. 140 b. "tVCA.^- s- ichirlwind. 
P. 141 a. \*t*:: Mr. Krapf mentions, in his 
Journal, under date April 6, 1840, that he was 
informed by his Shoa servants, that in that 
country they had, besides Kosso, tlie follow- 
ing four medical plants for the same disease : 
(1) £n/^oito, a shrub like the branches of vines, 
; the fi-uit of wliich is used. (-2) Katuhamo, 
another ligneous plant. (3) Kaloa, a sort 
of trees; fruit used. (4) Maeteri, a grami- 
neous plant, said to grow only in the valleys 
of Balga, and to have the virtue of entirely 
destroying the tape-worm. 
P. 146 a. (DAfl"^: s. a Mohammedan Abagaz. 

Rad. TvXi:}-H" 
P. 167 6. ^(D- A: s. dawla, a measure of 

solids, in Shoa, equal to twenty k'unna. 
P. 16S a. K^'X- dEgwa, is the title of the Abys- 
sinian hymn-book in which all the pieces of 
their Liturgy, which are chanted, are set into 
music. The author is Yared. Vid. ^d^^:: 
P. 170 b. 1f\6t.-VVf adj. lonely, noiseless. Pvad. 

P. 183 6. nin/ri:: From Mr. Krajjfs Joumal. 
1840, May 5th ; — " I went this morning to see 
the Tabeeban in their monastery, called Man- 
tek, in the forest of Mamrat, about two hoars' 
walk from Ankobar. On my arrival in the 
village, I asked for their Alaka (Superior); 
who, an old man, came, after a good while, 
trembling with fear; and instantly went back 
to his house. I told him, that I had not 
comewith bad intentions; therefore he stayed 
a little, still trembling. He wore an iron 
round his loins ; and his whole body bore the 
marks of self-tormenting, of which he was 
very proud. I inquired for their books ; but 
all I saw were the same books which the 
other Abyssinians possess; e.g. Arganon, Mal- 
ka Michael, and parts of the Bible, all in 
Ethiopic. I used my utmost endeavours to 
inquire whether they had any books in any 
other language, but they assured me that 
they had not. They then introduced me 
into their meeting-room ; which is large, and 
better built than any of that kind which I 
had hitherto seen in Abyssinia, only that it 
is too dark. In that room, or hall, they have 
benchesof clay by the side of the walls. On the 
walls they have straps fastened, with which 
they tie themselves during the night, sleeping 
on the benches in an erect posture, tied with 
the thongs in order not to fall when sleeping. 
They pride themselves on tlieir ascetic rigi- 
dity ; in which certainly they are not excelled 
even by the Abyssinian monks. They said 
they fasted every day, except on Saturday and 
Sunday; and used all this austerity in order 
to obtain righteousness before God. They pre- 
tended to be pure in body and soul ; but my 
servants told me that they kept secret for- 
bidden intercourse with women. They wear 
Matabs (cords, as marks of the Christian pro- 
fession) round their necks, like other Abys- 
sinians — are baptized — visit the churches — 
have Abyssinian books ; but are strongly su- 
spected of being Jews. They work in iron, 
wood, and clay, and are skilful ; therefore the 

( 215 ) 

king loves them ; but tlie people are afraid of 
them, considering them as sorcerers; nor will 
they enter their houses, or eat with them. 
Their Alaka is much feared; because it is 
believed, that if he curse a person, the curse 
will be in a short time accomplished. The 
T'abeeban seem to encourage this fear, as a 
protection against the over-curious, and 
against insults. They assured me, that if 
I had come on a Saturday, they would not 
have received me; as they did not leave their 
houses, or light any fire, on that day. They I 

offered me bread and beer, but were asto- 
nished to see me freely partake of it : my 
people could not be persuaded to join me. 
They told me their fathers had come hither 
from Geshe, in the N. of Shoa ; but I could not, 
at present, gather any further information. 
I went liome with grief and disappointment; 
because I had indulged a hope of discovering 
perhaps a hidden body of Believers, who 
might have escaped the general corruption 
of the Abyssinian Church." 


Page col. 



17 from bot. 

read mn.^- fir majP- 

14 b. 

16 .. 


• iKii-fordK^-- 

16 b. 

8 .. 


•■ o»7A:/or9nA:: 

18 a. 

n .. 


.. ""A>k*TY-:/oraiJ^>iVlV:: 

30 a. 

10 .. 


. . OOTIJ^: for nol^J^:: 

31 a. 

1 .. 


.. o*i'iA.-"I*:/orou'}A.--j-:: 

32 b. 

1 .. 


. . TTOiby for oo-oCt-oj . 

3S a. 

2 .. 


44 a. 

2 .. 


56 b. 

17 .. 


• ' tin-o for ti-no- 

59 6. 

11 .. 


'. firTi/orfirt:: 

62 «. 

1 .. 


.. fj£.:forff£.:: 

62 b. 

1 .. 


. . the same for the same. 

63 ft. 

9 .. 


.. y^tr-.for ?\h-:: 

78 a. 

1 .. 


.. ^Hd.: for 'pH^z: 

SO &. 

20 .. 


■ • H.'i"^"^- for iSL.1"^"\:: 

85 o. 

1 .. 


.. lAT.-./ornAT." 

85 b. 

21 .. 


.. nihC.:^: for nthCZ:: 

88 6. 

7 .. 


. . in comparison for comparative. 

104 b. 

22 .. 


. . Pog^i^TH : for pmjJPi^-H :: 

105 a. 

19 .. 


.. "it" after "read." 

Ill a. 

8 .. 


■ ■ -nUAi/or-IlUA" 

115 a. 

14 .. 


.. 'Y^'i^^'^d.'V. fory^'\S!,^'^d,'V 

119 0. 

22 .. 


.. >»C^r: andt^C^h'V". 

126 b. 

17 .. 


■ ■ Yx^n-V: for K'Pn'V:: 

126 6. 

1 .. 


.. 2\1K.^: /br ^i^j^•■^:: 

134 a. 

6 .. 


.. >»J^^''f:/or ?i^?^:: 

139 a. 

15 .. 


.. Vj^A.ti«J:/orlr|^A.qo:: 

HI b. 

2 .. 


• S.'T'- for S.'i-- 

148 b. 

8 .. 


. . njZ^Alh*?": for ?kl^Alh7°:: 

152 a. 

21 .. 


.. (D''im: /or (D"lm:: 

153 6. 

12 .. 


.. O^ll't': an<^f4^n't':: 

159 b. 

1 .. 


.. n^^Si-diQ.: for novRthQ.:: 

160 a. 

14 .. 


. . pron. for prom. 

163 b. 

9 .. 


.. hflSn-tl: for •hflR-i'tl:: 

172 a. 

5 .. 


.. iou"l:/or Itro-}:: 

179 a. 

6 .. 


.. TT?": /or "IT^^:: , 







Aba'ck, adv. (Dg: ^A" To lay — a sail: 

Abai'sance, s. I'lAT^J':: PrtA9":^: "''fl 
7J^:: To make an — to him: ingA""l':: 

Aba'ndon.r.a.'TG):: ?»fl'I»<^:: "lA" A^*:: 

Aba'ndoned, adj. PT^HA" To be — : •1'*tj 
A" ^ d,:: "V d/\". Tti^^:: 

Aba'ndonment, *. state of being abandoned, 
•t'VtV- OvfC.:: the act of abandonimj : 
on"lA:: o«T(D':: "^fl^'C- 

Aba'se, v.a.-H^: KSO"- ?ia)4K" To — 
the flag: mJi<;.(D''?: (»^Af";aM:) hO) 
<;^:: To — oneself: TT^K" ^-rt"'!: 

Aba'sed, part. PTTt^K: and PflD^Jii:: To 

be—: TTt^K" CD^K-" 
Aba'sement, s. ou<p^j^:: "h^: o^jj^^/"!:: 
Aba'sh, v.a. t\^&,i,"- 
Abash'ment, s. act. oqiTld^f^:: pass. & n. 'i^ 

Abate, v.a. f^^\t\:: htlt®:: ^iffl^^:: 
A'h^A:: Yl— : «I»-£im:: To — the 
taxes: "l-fl^'J: 2\(D4K" He has o6a<ed 
something of his right: Tno^lTO^: <5. 
-j^. ^.c^-fT: TO):: (L.T.) «1<:: To 
— a writ: tf^G.: PT'^-^OKD'I: IIC^ 
•1«i^:: v.n.'r<D::>KA:: (D<iK:: T't'I*: 
IPl" ?ilrt" The storm abates: t^fly-A": 
^4.fI: (or merely ^4.fl:) >i>^AA:: 

Aba'tement, s. act. oqfiTCD' - "^iliri " o^'Y• 

Abb, s. -H^-fl:: 
A'bba, s. ?\n :: 

A'bbacy, s. Pl^^*?": hA^it"" PI^T": 

A'bbess.s. Prt.-?-^: qoflll^'^: hAS'P^t' "- 

A'bbe, A'bbey, A'bby, s. l^T":: 

A'bbot, s. pqoiVll^^: ?»A3»" Eth. ?kn: 

Abbreviate, v.a. h«liR4" •t^^fll " 2\«1irt:: 
Abbrevia'tion, s. o^iliKC" *yD«t»^4'5":: a^«Tl 

Abbrevia'tor, s. ?\"T(8i:: «l»-i.EEl»:: ?\"°irh:: 
Abbre'viature, s. Vid. Abbrevia'tion. 
Abe, s. i^SlSU- i" Abyss, language, UimL" 
A'bdicate, v.a. Yytlfrnt ■•■ 2ti«"IA^: t\a\:: 
The king has abdicated the throne : Tf-A": 
ao'}°j^t'1: 2\«1A^: rtm:: To gM/- 
cafe a governor &c., ^d,'- Solomon nhdi- 
cafed Abiathar: rtA^q^l : JV'flJP^J'CI : 
Yltroro-ii: Pi<^:: 
Abdica'tion, s. aij^fn^:: ?i^A^: «rofl 

m'r:: tja?i(;:: h*i^^:: 
A'bdicative, adj. pw^^rt^■tl'^:: PBn^fi(^:: 

rt.jpilr'nt-:: J'^rir'n-?*:: 

A'bditive, ac?;. ponhi^*^:: pcra s^gy.^:; 
Abdo'men, s. ITJi^:: 

Abdo'minal, ao;. plT^:: ntf,K"= a'A- — 

blood-vessels: PU*^: 0^1"- — muscle: 

Pirj^: oO'flYhA-fl:: 
Abdo'minous, adj. belonging to the abdomen : p 

If^": &c. havingalarge abdomen: IFV'P':: 
Abdu'ce, v.a. Yl — : (WrtK- Vl — :0"Art:: 

(An.) tlD: ^xQidX"- flP: (Dg.: o^^: ft 

Abdu'cent, adj. (of muscles) flp: po^yO) 

C^::flP: PO^^O)"!:: 
Abdu'ction, s. (the taking away) ovdy-fi^-.i 

A A 



( 2 ) 



aqa>'"l't':: (An.) (O^: ^l-^-: oniTi'n:: 

Abdu'ctor, s. (An.) ?i*pqj-: or t\(D-6.^: tny 

Abeceda'rian, s. Ulh»i'l: To^^:: ^"J^n•fl 

Abece'dary, adj. PUU-H.: oro»(lii^:: PU 
U-H: aqfif aii£;_p:: patJin-H: tnjflf 

A-be'd, flrfi;. IIT^'J^Q.:: HT^lH^: Tl*?" 
fntorT^"?"" He is — : ^fV^-- 

Abe';rrance, s. flth't''l':: 
Abe'frant, adj. >^^:: 
Aberra'tion, s. ooi^^:: 

Abe't, v.a. (to excite, stir up) ?»fl5W|:: (L.T.) 
If you will — my quarrel: ooTj/^'tT: fl, 

Abe'tment, s. TAI: ailfli"i^:: (L.T.) 

Abet'tor, s. T A"J : paxi^ti\ui:: The — of 
a crime. PIIJ^IA?: ^iiTi'^i.:: 

Abgrega'tion, s. Ylw^jJ: «oAP'V" 

Abho'r, i-.c. XA" T!*I'I"1»:: 

Abho'rrence, *. OD»5»i\^:: 

Abho'rrent, adj. ptniKA:: Pt"iyfl<5.^.:: 

Abi'de, t7.n. r<^:: T'l't^fll:: fl'^flT." 'i'^"' 
Kf : : ^^ We w-ith me : n i. : H 1 j^ : VC = or 
•1-«|>(TD'5»:: He abiden in sin : n3nX?i^: 
^RrA:: t;.a. rnni'" You must — the 
consequences: TlQl'l^:' P^tDf^ay-li (P 
antra fTjffl'^:) YIC.- A'^fRO*:: 

A'bject, adj. p-fnA" PTT4K:: A-fl: P 
AAO^:: VlflC^ PAACD'" In an — 
manner: jJ-lY-T: TA°:: 

Abje'etedness, Abjec'tion, Ab'jectness, s. «t2 4> 


A'bjectly, adu. TTC^" <;.I>T: TA°:: A-n 

Ability. *. ^A»^' " '^A(D-1':: :5^A:: 
Abju'dicate, i;.a. na.CX: i^" 
Ab'jugate. v.a. 'PV^flCi: ?i(DAl':: f 9" 

Abjura'tion, s. ROBihA: mjYl^'V:: 
Abju're, w.a. goA": or t «?"A": Yl^" 

Abla'ctate, v.a. (achild) Ylfll-T: 4»-4m:: (It- 
■1-1: ?»n"lA:: (Card.) JPJ-llAi-1: (D 
f^: TP: ?\a)"l:: 
Ablacta'tion, s. TflflV"!': tn)^»^^T*:: n>'"l'T: 

t«jf|niA:: (Card.) Jp^rVlA'V'l: CDT'T: 

•PP: Dq(D'«T{'>:: 
A'blative, adj. 7\-f\i\X't^" 
A'ble,oc/y. ^Ji:: pm^^-^:: ^"A"" t^A"" 

Ca^ni". Tobe — :5=A:: -r^-A:: lam 

not—: J'i^SFA'IT":: 
A^ble-bodied, Qc//'. "J^Afl^'T^:: 
A'bleness, s. Vid. Ability. 
Ab'ligate, v.a. d.^" 
A'bluent, ac?j. pony J4"f|:: (Ch.) ?vR-P: Pt^i 

(DflJET:: (Med.) ?if|'i'9"Pr»: PO'^Jt'i^:: 
Ablu'tion,^ tn/X'Il:: pass, tro^x-fl" 
A'bnegate, ua. Vig:: 
Abnega'tion, s. aDVi_i»-:: ^g-"r-:: 
Abno'rmous, ofZj. oo^jyVl-: pYl<J.:: Ti'iK: M» 

C«^T: JPAlTi:: 
Abo'ard, adv. fi^o^Yl-fl:: 
Abo'de, s. trofi;:: (place of — :) ov^C.^.-. 

ao«l>aaiX|,:: u^.^C^-" 
Abode, v.a. poi^U'^a)-'}: ilC: '^^U'T: 

Abo'dement, s. ptn^lTiffi'T: "IjiKCll: °^i 

Abolish,«?::: 7^(1)4.". T\tSi.d.f\:: The 

curse of the law is abolished by Christ, for 

every believer : P^°l: oDf^-jgu; nVlCri 

•T-fl: -rh^: Anq.y'?'01: l^A':: 
Abo'lishable, adj. porq^^C.:- 
Aboli'tion, s. h^'Y-:: suilc^:: oq'p«{,"V:: 

"aT4.'t-:: 00^4^^:: The — of the 

LavY : Flivi: (F?»0'r:) "u«lc;:: 
Abo'minable, adj. CM'-tl-- P"^^i1«5.d.:: 

po^mA:: PTKPii," 
Abo'minableness, s. CYl'-fli'l": ^o^fRA: 

Abo'minably, «t/i;. nCtl^fli-H-:: hfld.C,-f-:: 
Abo'minate, v.a. Cfi-tl: l>r: ♦t^fll^:: XA" 

Abomination, s.tnuCTn ft:: CTn^fli'V:: Po^ 

niA: mn^:: 

Aborigines,*. pao^uoQy : q^-JQ^:: 
Abo'rt, v.n. mYlA.". 



( 3 ) 



Abc/rtion, s. The act oiahorling : t^JCO.^^^:: 
The aborted foetus: cp,'};j^: and ^p.^J4.:: 

Abo'rtive, adj. P»n;iHLi"lQ.:: 

Abo've, prep. & adv. fl A JK " In heaven above: 
flAJE: nrt"^^:: One sat — , another 
below me: ?^^^: Yli: HA^: J^l^,^?": 
n:r^': T'l»o«m :: His head was — the 
water: ^.l>:Yl(!>:}:a>T-t":^nC" 'shall 
easily get — them all: YlU-A^O^ : AH 
AT: hytlH'Id.^'J^:: This is — my 
capacity: ^VYi: MC,: ?iAflT(D'A9" : 

Abo'und.r.n.-fl-^^: J^AOh" I^^T: ctoA" 
ATH'T: (D"!:: T<?:«5.:: 

Abo'ut, jjrep. & at/ti. R — :: "TCf^- ^UA- 
n — : Jnj^:: flYl'^A:: The soldiers were 

— him: a):rKC^: Yinn-'T" nn-cjp:: 

I have no money — me: fli: H'i^: 'DQ: 
PA^7«:: Look — you: '^fn^*^:: It is 
a6o«< this size : ^ero-}:: _pill'}: ^UAA" 
Somewhere a6ou< Ankobar: T}1r*nC- H 
Yl^A:: Heis — it: ?iU'1: ygCTPA:: 
He is — forty years old: Oj^^^d^: KCJ^ ' 
^au^: yUAA:: I shall speak to him 
— it: flAH.«: ilC.: >.n«!:TAlh:: 
Round — : n H- CJ? " -^ round about way : 
^^: ODll^:: What are you — ? 90-^ 
^C: :!-KC:iA«:: 
Abracadabra, s. >t'n<iVl^'fl^.:: P°Zrf!1: 

![>■■¥•: pa^f!0^:l-^-(I>: 3>A:: 
Abra'de, v. a. 4.«!>:: QJp: htU^,:: 
Abra'sion, s. out^^-.-. Qj^-. dtj'P^/I':: 
Abrea'st, adv. J^ifm-Il: nhLmi-fl: (tiaoQ 

Abri'dge, u a. K'^i{^,:: ^CP^: ?\«l5l*l:: 
To — a book: pooR-di^T: ilC: ^i"^ 
»C: H<5.(D':: 
Abri'dgment, s. 4*^C;fTi: aiji^Rf^:: An 

abrJdrjed book: U-AT?: PT^^ii.: ooJt 

C^: YlCff: J?R«;:: 

Abroa'd, adu. fl"^^: At home and — : nil 
•Pi": n^^S," or ai<.r: nA.A: ?\^C"■ 
I dined— : gnng.^: OAA: tl^,6.: HA 
Ih:: He retumed from — : Ymj^i't': 

A'brogate, v. a. ^^:: Vid. Abolish. 
Abroga'tion, s. tld.'^" Vid. Abolition. 
Abrupt, ac/;. •p^C'?'"<5.X9": PT*!*-*; 

fIJ:: (sudden) ^^^3' 9": : 
Abru'ptly,adt).^"CT: h^C.")" «1^d.K9": 

T4^Cf"" J^ll't":: (suddenly.) 
Abruptness, s. «l>^(;Tli':: n^'51'1': OB4»^ 

A'bscess, s. ptnJ7A: 4»^flA:: 
AbscVnd, t;.n. T-hfll:: 
Absco'nder, s. TiinT.:: 
A'bsence, s. ?\AcroT5-^:: ?» AOiof (;:: I do 

it in his — : y^Cff. «*! Jill : >i,i.: ?i^CT 

TAlh" — of mind: J^A'^rt'TI:: oof; 

A'bsent, arfj.^p^TlY" Tobe — :5'«1:: He 

is — from home: nn."!*: PA"?": or nn,"f : 

Abse'nt, v.n. di.K" '-f- He absented himself, or 

Absentee, s. tl^&.OT-'i: (DJEfl: ?il<;5: ^ 

■t-: Pih-K: n®':: 
Absi'nthiated, jjari. Ti^fi'i'Vli: PlTO'l':: 

InS.rtTt'iiJS^.: PT'S'AI'A:: 
Absi'st, V. n. Vid. Desist 

Absolve, V. a. d.^-- "K^R^v-nfh.C: ^6.3' 
U: 2\A:: 

A'bsolute, orfj. (1) PATfflriY:: ^ATYlA 
In A:: (J-e. unrestrained, unconfined.) An 
absolute monarchy: "Yl^J^*^: '^'J.'^: £i$'^: 
ntWHlbW*: ^3*^: "I^YiaYiA: P"^ 
IHH^: oo'i'qjLxt^:: (2) ^^tjO; i.e. 
perfect. (.3) ^.-ij^PQ),: oa ; j... v.'it!iout 
reference or condition. 

Absolutely, adv. fl^CDfl-^:: rtjZYlAViA:: 
e.X-'l"" n«19»:: >k^^^a>:: He go- 
verns —: q.y^: «!AYlA:^lHA:: 
■>i^K■ ^.S'K,: JKIHA:: He — granted 
it to him: "K^J^JPO)-: rtmCD-: or ^k-} P 
JP©-: >i'a: ?iAA'>:: 

Absolution, s. ^•Tih't':: 00^5-^:: ou^ 

Abso'rb, v.a. mm:: HA:: Tm:: The earth 
absorbs the water: TD^^nj^. (J)^'J(d,'}: ^ 



( ^ ) 



fn'nA^':: He is absorbed in thought; 
n°9rt'll: mA«^:: 
Absc/rbent, s. P"^JP»l«aa>'T: "ilQ: nA:^: 

Abso'rpt.jjart. PTmm:: PTflA:: PTTfll:: 

Absc/rption, s. tro^n^-"!-:: crofHT*:: anfpipy. 

Abstain, v. n. t(D"- Let us — from sin: 

:}m.M-T: ■JsTfCD':: 
Abste'mious, adj. llCiVl- P"'Jl.riAt': P"'^ 

mm :: oofl^its-jf: oo(nm-T: pagjp 

Abste'miously, adv. HAVI : flA-f-f : mT-t"" 

OD-nAinr: oomm-'j: «^ynH:; 

Abste'miousness, s. nf^^ '■ oor|'*r: A^ : 

A'bstinence, s. AA*'^: trafl^: >ii9"n.: ""J 
At-:: PA":j(D''i: onil'l': J^AKo^XT^:: 

Abstra'ct, v.a. AP" A^-f-: (Dll^:: YlRA. 

A'bstract, s. Vl »/!.•>: (D^tl: Ylo^E-diQ.: 
P^^: J-A*: n<.: pog^«1: YlCf*!-: Vl 
T'N^m: niA:: 

Abstra'cted, part. PTAP:: TA^-^: PI'ii:: 
An — idea: nAiTi'lt': P«"JJB:'n: PT 

Abstra'ctedly, ac/r. >i^Sl.^®'" TA^-fr:: 
Abstra'ction,s. oo/^p^:: axap-^^:: auay. 

Abstractive, adj. pa^AJE"- AjEL-fr: POHO) 

Abstra'ctly, adv. Vid. Abstractedly. 
Abstru'se, adj. a^ti-V'- F'l'ti&c,"- 
Abstru'sely, adv. neaA"»J: ot/flTTA: "iSl 

Abstru'seness, s. PYlO OlA"^" 
Absu'me, r.a. flT'^'l-: n'5"5^: 'S.S" 
Absu'rd, at//. Prtl<5,:: 
Absurdity, s. fll^f:: P>»lfl'^: ^C" "" 

VDi-nA-- nC" 

Absu'rdly, adv. fim^f:: 

Abu'ndance, *. -t-Ce." -nH't-:: TDA^- Tl 

Abu'ndant, arf/. 'VC^- JPAO)':: Yl AY>: pa^ 

(D'n:: >ig-T: X'^T- 
Abu'ndantly, aJu. fl'l'^^" froA"^" 
Abu'se, ua. nAh:: TnAfl" hm«{.:: YlT 

f:?iK*il::?i3'AA:: h^^nil:: Ti^.^in:: 

Abu'se, s. aiJ3>/^^ :: cro-nAh-'r :: ""CTn ri :: 

Abuser, a. 2\^A^:: -TnAh.:: ?»C^tt" 

Abu'sive, Of//. ?»3'A^:: -TnAh,:: ?\C''nJ1" 
— language: Trt^fl.: \1C.: or 3;^S= o'' 
merely f|^-fl:: 

Abu'sively, ac/i;. hS'A":: 'TnAh'?*:: T"^ 

Abu'ttal, Abu'tment, s. fflrtT:: 

Aby'sm, Aby'ss, s. 'I'AJE:: TA*!*:: PmAT: 

Aby'ssinia, Unh:: ^ifl'l:: 
Academical, adj. JPY)K,i"lJP:: AYlK,«"t^: 

Acade'mian, Academ'ic, Academi'cian, Acad'e- 
mist, s. adj. yYl^oti^z ToiH:: JpYlR, 

A'cademy, s. J'ttlfio^Jf:: PTfin^^^: »»/l1 

Accede, v. n. (Dg: — : WT:: >kll:?iA:: 

To — to a treaty: ATrti.: Vl.^T: >»?!.: 

?iA:: PTlnP^®-!: nC: t't^HA:: 
Accelerate, v. a. ?\fl^Y>A:: ?\ 

■t-A°: -¥-A°: ?iflK4T" 
Acce'lerated, por/. PT'-f VhA:: PT< 

Accelera'tion, s. ou^VbA:: oo^mT" 
Acce'nt, v. a. ^"THR:!: n"»iin(I>: "klC.: 

Ac'cent, s. (D^^^:: PMQ: O^J^'^:: 
Acce'ntuate, v.n. J^9n»: pai^fK^^niPT: 

51C-- J^o^AYIT:: 
Accentua'tion, v. K'^K' PO^flC:*'"'*' '» = 

Acce'pt, t). a. T •P n A : : '^ 

Acce'ptable, oc(y. J?tnj^ :: i^fi : paT](.JPrt=? :: 

An — present: ^h: ptn^JPrt^: nT(D:r: 

(n4lnl:: "Jig-: oo'iH::) 


( 5 ) 


Acce'ptably, adv. gfl: ?krt*S-t-:: 
Acce'ptance, ». ODi>nA:: 
, Acce'ptation, s. ou«|>rjA:: 
Acce'pter, s. •f'tHJE:: 
Acce'ss, s. troin'^:: "o^<^f|:: A man of 

easy—: (DKCl'^: Om^'i: panj^tlA 

VlA: f\ap-: 
A'ccessary, s. Vid. Accessory. 
Acce'ssible, adj. Ptm7nn^:: (DJ^C'f'^ *"^ 

Acce'ssiou.s. oro^-^j^:: cro^iq^Y':: Acces- 
sion to a treaty : (Dg = ? A : VlJ^T : O" 
"in-V :: Accension to a crown : Iro^^JU^:: 

A'ccessory, arf;. PTCCl"«<i:: CE».tnj<5:: 

A'ccideut, s. >r},^JP<»-: Vr>»"iH.J\'fljh.C;: P 
01^0001: ^^^:: i. 5. misfortune : ooYl^.:: 

Accide'ntal, arf/. >»'5S.^(D': rtO^-: "TlJFlIn 
aV: POT^U"*:: 

Accide'ntally, ac/i. >»'}^J?CD':: fXGt". ""ijil 

Acci'pient, s. "fl'n^" 

Accla'im, Acclama'tion, s. P.^fl:!-: OarTl"*r:: 

Accli'vity, s. ?'l^n'*^: and O^'f)'^: Ar. hsu:. 
Acco'mmodable, aJ/.ptr^in :: po^rtcrtjoq:: 
Acco'mmodate, v.a. t\t\°^}^^" ?»1A1A:: 
Accommoda'tion, s. tJqfjo^J''^ ■*!":: 
Acco'mpanied, pari. Yl — : ^6.: mj2^: U-f:: 

Acco'mpany, V. a. tl — : 3*^: ?iA:: ?>n<il:: 

Acco'mplice, ». qAlj^i.- PHgA: T*l 

Acco'mplish, v.a. «5,X0™':: 

Acco'mpiislied, 2? irf. P"l"d.X"":: t|./V.V":: 

An — person: SW^: PTong«i: hCD':: 
Acco'mplishment, s. of a prophecy, &c. cnad.X 

9":: IS.>1"»1:: of mind, &c.: ^»9"r:: 

Acco'rd, v.a. ?irttnjaij:: ^^^fnt^J:i r.n. t-fx 

Acco'rd, s. TP"?" :: oortorjmj^:: fiyngo;: 
Acco'rdance, s. a\if\a^axli\■■.^. aw^axffv ;■. 

In accordance with : "5^1^:: 
Accordant, arf/. fliro«tro':: Plmtro:: yk- 

cordunt with: "i^^.'CI:: 
Acco'rding, prep. T^'i'^ :: fl — : «"> ml " 
Acco'rdingly, oc/v. >t1(^:: 'h'JS^tl:: 
Acco'st,t).a.K4l*|:: Tn^:: To salute iT"! 

Aoo:: ■>i'JR,-1': it): ?»A:: 
Acco'unt, v. a. 4H.f n «i^ : : I — him a good man : 

^y. He accounts with his manager: Yl""^ 
n.CD': ;)«;.: JESfil<5'A :: How do you ac- 
count for this? PH.tJ: «"Jlm^"T: T^T 

Acco'unt, s.4»^TC" ""SfDC" ""Vn^'T" 
TJie merchant's — : Pi:3K.: K'^-^O.:: He 
did it on your — : flATf : ^K^KD'- 
To settle atco«»<« : -I'^jm*?;:: «"J3jm<.T: 
?»'imonj:: To turn to an account: dj\:- 
To call to — : "f ^ fll «^ : : He gave an account 
of his doings: yg^tOOPl: YIC.- ^^'(O 
•f:: He gave a good account of his brother 
RVr-. (D^: ?ia)"l: flA: OTiK'"^'- 
I have no account of him, since he has left 
>%C.l'f: Yldi.R: n^A: CD«i,a>: ?»AK*i 
n^l-T":: On this— : fjAIttJ:: nH.y: 
ovil'i^-t':: On no — : Yl -t" : (with nega- 
tion). On any— : >i'}^j?a^:: 

Acco'untable, Q(//. pa^^<t>^ti\(in^" They are 
-for their conduct: flA: ?k'hih.j^^tf>': 
.PSm<.aH'«PA: or riA: J\1lrf^^:p(l>.: 

Accou'ple, v.a. Koo^:; 

Accou'tre, ua. ?iH;3S:: hAO":: 

Accou'trement, *. ir^H^^'"!*:: HaT":: 

Accru'e, v. n. (to grow) Km:: To arise by pro- 
fit: nH:: What good will accrue from it? 

l^: T3>cr^: J^ffi'^n^'A: 

Accu'mulate, u.a. rtllrtfl: 

v.n. nH:: 
Aceumula'tion, s. oO'fm^^ 

fi^:: n. D^-flH'"r:: a. 
Accu'mulative, at//. pa^_pnH: act. paq 


Accumula'tor, s. ^'(l^n,:: A^jito:: JinTT:: 
Accuracy, s. *1:: ^^1:000"}:^ YITOiIa! 
(D': 3i.: ao"im^:: K'Jq'fl:: 

Accurate, ad;. ^T:: ^^.. -it^d:; 



( fi ) 



A'ccurately, adv. aYI -.Ihr:: IW-.'Utf:: 

Accu'rse, v. a. tHJIo^:: 

Accur'sed, part. CT-*?": • CJt'I" 't' :: PT 

4»lao: /. — ouVp:: 
Accu'sable, adj. ooYlrtfl: pn^^A- 
Accu'sation, s. on^nrtfi;: iiqi^rri-"f:: dijcti 

At-:: 9:^6,:: ?*nijE:: 

Accu'sative, at//. pai^Vlfl:: PO^XjE^" 

Accu'se, v.a. Yll*lrt:: RPd.:: THPd.:: (D'P 
rt:: T^"!"!:: ?i"lA:: 

Accu'ser, A. Yl'lh" J\«*|E^:: ?V«Tl^:: 

Accu'stom, r. a. ^iflA^^K" "• '"''/• Atro^" 

Accu'stomable, adj. pcn^A*^"^:: 

Accu'stomary, adj. p-f^ao^:: ■>»^J^: Ai"J 

Accu'stomed, par;, adj. PA^^K" ^ ^"'^ — ^ 
it: "M.: AO";^u.'>:: 

Ace'scent, at//. po^troj^R-:: 

Aeeto'se, Ace/tous, adj. c«JR.8::: P^oxR:: 

Ache, s. (D-^l ^ : : rh*"} '/" : : 

Ache, v.n. J\cjocto:: (J)^:: My head aches 
me: ^.l!.: ^tro^A:: 

Achi'eve, v.a. hKCI"- ^^•■- <5.R""" To 
obtain: ^IT:: 

Achi'evement, s. T\!i6-t^1"' fid-"- 

Achi'ever, s. ihJE^^T.:: 

A'cid, adj. ao^fi:: 

Aci'dity, A'cidness, s. oo^H" 

Aci'dulate, v.a. 'V'^-'V- ?t«»RK:: 

Ackno'wledge, v. a. h.Oy'i'"- I — my faults: 
:iiVj\'V'i: :^1oVtkl3-" To — kindness 
experienced: niflA^: ^C^^^ 2\o«rt 
11:: ■>»"IH.?vflrh.C:J£«^f«(P= ^^'^^ To 
— a letter: AO«A>i^T: "/"AhT: fjo 


Ackno'wledgment, s. thanks : g^fl^f"- ^<=" 
Anow/et/f/meni for services: oofimT:: flt^Yl 
^ :: ^oi3(DH,:: Aclcnoidedgmenl of sins : 
"Ifn 2\'^1: aiJjl'CnJ'5:: Acknowledgment 
of a letter: poDA>k5l-V: 5°A?1:: 

Acoustics,*, parufjoq-t-: '"r9"«C't':: PJ^T 

Acqua'int, d.c hfllfffll':: 

Acqua'intance, s. OCD'^-r:: "i^ffl"!'^:: ' concr- 

Acqua'intcd, t?^/. P;^(D4*:: He is — with 

this matter: JCUll: ^C: JP(D\'i»A:: 
Acque'st, or Acqui'st, s. oq^Y•"^:: 
Acquie'sce, v. n. n^%: T\t\" Ktif: \af. 

2\A:: >ih.: ?iA:: 
Acquiescence, s. fl^j*^: o'JA'l':: "iSll.: "^ 

Acqui're, v. n. JiTf:: 
Acquirement,*. tJq^Y'■^:: VIental — : >»a>' 

•fi-:: -nAW'l:: ^ 

Acqiiisi'tion, s. oinTT:: TiKO:: U'llT:: 
Acqui't,^;.a. hOV-}:?!®"!:: YxM^r. ?\A 

flKA"?": -flA": A-l't'CI)-:: 
Acquittal, s. ?iO"Tr: "^CD^'^a'T:: YTH.^lAf: 

Yl1mi:»"Al'*:: "^IH-t-:: 
Acre, s. P9»,K"C: "°fF<5.CJP: BSS!: ^Vf. 

i^: nfflC^f: nCH""'"!-:: 
Ae'rid, adj. Vryf]: 'hTi^: rmp^f^v. 
Acrimo'nious, adj. Vtlfl^: tnJ<5C:: 
Acrimony,*, paxn^y,-. (DJP.fl: Paoj^':JV"l': 

fiA-^:: P»A: aro^.,5.i->:: 
A'critude, Ac'rity, s. flA'Vr: o"«;.Ci'1-:: 
Atro'ss, tit/i). '?»^K: "ofitA: 2\A6::: -Th" ^ 

Act, s. rt<5.:: An — of Parliament : pcro'j 
"iMf^: T^n?!.: ■1->»H'H:: In law: ^y^ 
HH:: rh"l:: 

A'ction, s. fl^.:: ^^K'd.1:: A battle: H«?" 
^:: In law-suits: to bring an — against 
one: flOP'i: Ylrtft: or ?\"1A:: 

A'ctive, tzc/J. 1*1^:: 

A'ctively, adv. •fXl'-fv:: 

A'ctiveness,, Activ'ity, *. «ro:f Y>A:: ""^ 

A'ctnal adj. "^(D^itV". nih'i: ^ti" 

A'ctually, adv. nQ>'l'*t':: At this time: h 

A'ctuary, s. PQ^CR-I: Rd/f: Po^m-tl*: 

A'ctuate, act. Act'uated, part. PT^H :: PT 
^J^:: A true Christian is — by the love of 
his Saviour: h^itV: VtC.tlX^'i- Hoo 
,E-:}i.1=: ^*C"- ^.PUTA:: 

A'ctuate, v.a. Al*id.:: 



( ' ) 



A'cuate, v.a. K^f\" YkPti" 

Acu'nien, s. h'A:: 

Acu'minated, part. Pl^A:: 

Acu'te, adj. PJ^A" Acute pain: po^fl)^: 

Acu'tely, adv. "t'ri'A":: 

Acu'teness, s. JT-A^" Acuteness o! -pain: P 

Ada'pt, V. a. ?irtaqtnj:: TQloo:: 
Adapta'tion, Adap'tion, s. OTJ°jfn7H:: 09 f^ 

uijui/'p : adj. uufiuijuify : pass. 
Add, v.a. m,oxi^:: 

Adde'cimate, v.a. VjM'^: fvi^: CDllK" 
A'dder, s. "JsH-fl:: 

A'ddible, adj. pa^mP^C.-- ^"^&-- 
A'ddiue, Adze, is. •J^'i^C:: 
Addi'ct, v.a. llim:: 
Addi'cted, part.- PTllfll " 
A'dditament, s. CEttnj^:: 

Addi'tion, s. oiiCO>"^C" ""'^""Cy- ^^ — 
to this: Y1H.U: OA^g: or Y] ni^C" 

Addi'tional, erf/- '^•^^&'-- 

Addre'ss, v.a. (Dg: — : 7x^^.1 ■■■ To — a 
person: rtfD'l: Ti'ld.-- To — a letter, 
&c.: ^iPy.rt:: 1^^^:: 

Addre'ss, s. to a person : iranf^:: of a letter : 
no'"A>il't-: A.E: PT^d.: R-d.-"l-: 
ooj^^fiq>"7D: paT;^_pi^P<I>':: A speech: 

Addu'ce, n «. AOOT):: 

Addu'cent, s. ?'»ot;CBt:: Adducent muscle: h 

01} c^: owfiYhA-fl" 
Ade'pt, s. TD^^:: 

A'dequate,ac/;. V[>A:: TV?":: fl"^'"*':; 
A'dequately, adv. "JsYlfci: U-r- "Tn^:: Tm 

oijiTu-?-:: ncromi: l>r: or ?iJ^C-J:: 

\ A'dequateness, s. >i,Yl'Al'"r-:: o^mi:: trort 
\ aijaiM-:: 

\ Adhe're, v.n. ffl'Pf^:: T"lil1':: Tm;}:: 

\ TYlTA" 

\\dhe'rence, s. tnorrin^:: tJ^YTtA" ofseve- 
\ ral things or persons together : on tj n fj ^ " 
Ai'he'rent, adj. pir^"in^:: Ptnim^"- 
Ad}.}e'rent, Adhe'rer, s. •rYl:rjK:: fflIT:: 

Adh'e'sion, s. Vid. Adherence. 

Adhe'sive, ot/i). pnH"in*:: P"R{t\P" ' 

Adhi'bit, v. a. fltU" 

Adhibi'tion, s. oufim'T" 

Adja'cency, s. ^l^'flC." 

Adja'cent, adj. J^g^'fl*^?':: 

Adje'ct. ua. tU>«»"«^:: 

A'djective, adj. V^a^d" 

Adjo'in, u.a. im"»:: J^rtoijafj:: m.ovd.:: 

Adjo'ining, part, t^ot}^:: Adjoining country : 

Adjo'urn, v.a. AA.A: Vli- Afl^PP" 

Adjo'urnment, s. AA.A: 'Pit'- tnjf|«1^p^:: 

Adju'dicate, v.a. n6.CJ^= Artdh: fltU" 

A'djugate, r. a. ni^: ROUK" 

Adjura'tion, s. oijox/^;: 

Ad'jure, v. a. ?»iqA :: 

Adjust, v.a. im»o:: ?v7m«TO:: ?krta™}"^:: 

Adjusting, Adjust'ment, s. O^imT":: "gfl 
Adjutant, s. ?t:JK: Pffi^-KC?: 2\A3>: P 

A'djutor, s. «ii:^:: ?\:iK: 

Admea'surement, s. oofi^f^:: 

Admi'nister, v.a. I*|fn " 

Administra'tion, s. D^^A^A" fl'*"''"l'" A" 
C;ci^:: cn};3n_^^:: Administration of the 
Sacraments: •?nA"m.d.-t''J: oofim'^:: 

Administra'tor.s. ?^1^3^:: ao;jn^:: ^c/mi- 
nistrator of a deceased person's property: Pqn 

A'dmirable, ocZ/'. _^'}^:: "!?»^"I: gUf:: 
A'dmirably, adv. ^'i'p: t\^C'i'-' 
A'dmiral, v. Pll-A": tnjqYlP'T-: ?\A3»:: 
jv viiniraiSiiip, s. p'^^>A*': ""lYiP'?": AA 

A'dmiralty, s. ptroTflA*"!": t^opYlp^'}: 

Yio po^m-n^: fnl" 

Admira'tion, s. *rgjf 1^:: 
Admi're,v.a.'h^\'P:: T\'nnd.:: 
Admirer, s. ?t^r«5:: ?iYini:: 
Admi'ssible, adj. purj^n ;: pcro^Yl AYI A:. 
Admi'ssion, s. og-JH't":: ?iiA»DYi^lriA:: 
Admit, v.a. Mn:: ero-iri^'}: ^ni:: ?»AV| 
AYiAT":: trop.'h^: hf^:: J^aVi^"?":: 



( 8 ) 



Adirii'ttable, adj. Vid. Admissible, 

Admi'ttance, s. Vid. Admission. 

Admo'nish, r.a. o«Yl<?;:: A"Dl:: ?iHH:- 1 

Admo'nisher, s. oo V| ^ : : T 14 cp. : : 
Admoni'tion, s. avfoYiQ:: oo«iuj;^:: tfo^ 

q:: TIWR":: 
Admo'nitory, adj. ooYlr^f:: lUIX?:: 
Ado', s. -naC" Ji^^9":: 
Adole'scence, s. •RA't'Jli':: 1n'Hl'^:: >n 

Adopt, v.a. "5^^,^: ^g-; Tt'OA:: Ag,T: 
hKd.1" I adopt your opinion: Hqij: ^ 
m: n :: 
Ado'ption.s. — into family: A^g'5'Y': "0<l»n 
A:: — intoGod's family: PK^}: A^l'l-:: 
Ado'rable, adj. ourtlj^; AOT^ITCD':: 
Adora'tion, s. ovfi'^^ii fnP^:: 
Ado're, v.a. rtlg:: met. JvVin^,:: 
Ado'rn, v. o. f\ Atm : : ?» flT. R " with clothes : 

Ado'rnment, s. fJA?":: tRr: <"''>fj^ 

Ado'wn, yrpp. (D^: ^'■'T^:: 

Adrift. j(/v. y^l^yo)^: nCD';}: AJE: di.^:: 

Adroi't, adj. 'flA'4T?':: 

Adro'itly, ac/i;. O'TJAHi':: 

Adroi'tness, .9. •ffAM'^" 

Mry\ adj. ^Q^:: K"^:: po^Rmj:: 

Adsciti'tious, o(/;. PTCCltro^:: c»>f»^i:: 

Adstri'ction, s. uqTifl^:: 

Adva'nce, v.n. ^^btozz 't''pgpo:: fld.^: 
U"!:: v.a. ?»fl1>,^aO:: ha>n>:: CEtaa 
«^:: He advances in knowledge: f|(I>''I* 
^: .PJf ^A:: To — an opinion : Xrtn.'j: 
(AfhT:) ?»(DT1:: I a(7j;'7nce«i him some 
money: In-fl^.: ?kJPA.T: rtmU-^: '(.K. 

Adva'nce, «. oo^ggD:; ao«J»^9D:: 
Adva'nced, parf. n«I»K9"" (dd.'^:) yt%" 

He is — in years : /^d.^" 
Adva'ncement, s. uai^^go;: ojjfitp^tjozi 
Advant'age, *. T^?"" 'V<^''^" ^^'fl" ^ 

Adva'ntage, v. a. ^H : : ?i ^H : : 

Advanta'gcous, adj. TJ'tn^" Pof^fTI'tTD:: 

Advanti'geously, adv. flT^T":: fl^^'fl" 
Advanta'geousness, s. ooTtjjfim:: 
Adve'nient, nrfj. ESfcoij^:: poijcaouc;:: 
Ad'vent, s. PJiq^-f-fl: 00700) •?!•:: 
Adve'nture, v.n. ^^<^:: 
Adve'nture, s. "h^J^ JPOh: n^e.^T: PITS: 

ilC:: By — : i^^^ yay,., i^^aCB-:- 
Adve'nturer, s. 5»A: oijVi^fi: J^tnTt^i'}: h 

Adve'nturous, adj. tltll^T: P^R^C,- :^ 

Adve'nturously, ac/i'. nj^fJ,<(il'"Mr: TAoqrt 

-fl: :^A*: nO: nooil^:: 
A'dverb, s. Pg^A: f^oij^:; 
A'dversary, s. K^^r. 
Adve'rsity, s. enmity: XA^l"1-:: distress: 

OOV|<;,:: E?]t'5«P^:: 
Adve'rt, v.n. fHfl'l*:: 
Adve'rtence. Advert'ency, s. otj^ofi^::, v. a. ?»i1j-a)1»:: niAR-: ^f}'^ 

Adve'rtisement, s. oijfij-Q)^;: Q)^-.; 

Advertiser, s.(D<l,(I>'T: |*|6p.:: ^lfI:^^pt^•: 
Adverti'sing, part. iX^ffli." ll.JPfia'CD'^:: 

Advi'ce, s. ToJiq:: 

Advi'sable, adj. axttfuYK^: po^lT:: puxj 

Advi'sableness, s. ?\n'f|:: PtlTl't*:: 
Advi'se, v. oulii^:: ffniYld.'-: 
Advi'sedly, ac/w. hfjp:: nofJl^-fl:: 
Advi'ser, s, onVi^;; 

Adula'tion,s.nJJd.m: nC: "^YinC.:- ^A: 
o^m: oijlmC" 

AduIa'tor,s.^A: AJl: po^_PYl'flC: rt©'" 
Adu'lt, s. ^^1: rtoh:: 

Adu'i'terate, v. a. Xn^: YlT<^: MQ'- 3i.: 

noo^nA*: hnA^:: 
Adu'lterated, j3ar/. noo^'jiA<|«: Pt-THH:: 
Adultera'tion, s. PTAP: YIC,: floo^-nA^: 

Adu'lterer, s. ?\ooth<j,:: OD-J-Hp:; 



( 9 ) 


Adu'lteress, s. t^a^'i'Hi.Pi'p:: 

Adu'Iterous, adj. J^ooiH^J.:: 

Adu'Jtery, s. 9nTHC" 

Adu'mbrate, v.a. (AWJ^AI:) ?iXAA:: 

Adumbra'tion, s. (M'■5^A^:) "^K"AA:: 

A'dvocate, s.aiJ^'5'5:: nq.C;^: ATYlrtrt: 

Advoca'tioD, s. oo^t'Ji'l':: 

Adu're, v.a. h^fTIA:: 

Ae'rial, arfj. Al\PC: P«^T1 " 

Aero'logy, s. ??»?£;: ^s/Byj^-l-:: 

Ae'romancy, s. pn^iri(I>T: n^: Vl?iPC: 

"i-n^^: ^iCD-T-t-: -rn^i:: 
Aero'metry, s. ^iPf^l: fnatXDHT;:: 
Ae'ronaut, s. n2\PC: "^C^l-fl: P"»lrtC = 

Aerosta'tic, orf;. ?iP£;T: 0)^= "roflf^C^ P 

Aerosta'tion, s. DhPC- o"rh,J^: nnA-l:: 
Afa'r, ac/i;. (^(t»>^:: <J,^:: 

Afea'rd, Q<f/. pin^<5.«5.:: d.^" 

Affability, s. J^yf: rciCDlTT: 00(0-.^,^:: 

Affable, arfj. giif: ODcqa)-?!': po^(DJ^:: 

Affableness, s. Vid. Affability. 

Affably, adv. AD'- AJI^tir: BtKoa-: TYI 

Affair, s. fl^.:: -mC- T^J^Ji" 
Affect, «. Pie.n: aiW*37":: 
Affe'ct, v.a. J^,C.f^: ^d."' e.*/. your objection 
does not — my assertion : J?^'^: 'VC/^i- 

hC^:): ffi.'S^: AT8: IT: eg-. Your ser- 
mon affected my heart: flTiVlT^: fflg: 
An.: IT" K^M" e.g.tfxrii^- >»^1: 
^J^C'^'^" Thy calumny q^ec/s me. t;. n. 
tro rt A : e. y. ^.Cl'l" : ^.e^ACD^T : J^ouf, 
/\ A : he affects to be what he is not. 
Affecta'tion, s. ^AlTiCD'T: nrtdh: &t-. 

A.K-: «OA(DT: A'in'Hr:: •} 

Affe'cted, part. He is — with a disease : 
niljh: ^lAfl't':: She is — with sadness : 

I ^l^fA'T^:: I was affected by his words: 
Mt^: (DR: Aft: ^^:: Well—: por^ 

(DJZ"'- III— : Pinj,RA:: Artificial: ">» 

Affectedly, orfv. n-nVl-A:: ni-nHf:: 
Affe'ctedness, *. "I-flTir:: Vid. Affectation. 
Affe'cting, part. po^j^C^J" fl)K= A-fl: P 

o^lQ:: An-T- PO^®:):: rt.onflA:: 
Affe'ction, s. O^J^:: o«a>'K,K":: ^^C- 
Affe'ctionate, adj. (D^S"" ^'S**!.: PHH" 
Affe'ctionately, adv. nO)'^:: fl^^C" 
Affe' flDK: Afl: P^^Mni: A'TIT: 


Afli'ance, s. OD|^ar|aij^:: A matrimonial 
— : oqCEj.'i':: Affiance in God: n"5\"JH. 

Afii'ance, v.a. 2\tCL:: To be affianced: J- 

Affidavit, *. noBfhA: PtaA: 7"flYlC" 
Affi'ed.pQrt. PJ-cq,^:: CO.?:: tW-fP-f :: 
Affilia'tion, s. A^'i: tnj^4"J:: AA^'i-^: 

Affi'nage, *. P'JT^J'A"'^: "^TH""!':: 
AfB'ned, adj. PH^nDg:: j-joo^^;: 
Affi'nity, s. •H^n.^f:: 'H^^l'Th" 
Affi'rm, V. a. ?k(pT: hA:: >i(IM'f5l: h 

Xr- >»a>'V"f: ?»K£i7:: 
Affi'rmable, adj.y^dp^^: poi^HA:: 
Affirma'tion, s. ?n(pT: tnj^.l^;: >,(i>,l.'t.: 

Affir'mative, ac?;. >,(D'^'1-: poi^A:: He 
answered in the — : ■>iaM'r: im-. -IIA": 

Affi'rmatively, adv. yttSi-i^: 5(i>: j^^;. 

Affix, v.Q. hSf:: ffilY-: Piftf:: 

Affix, s. nU-A: ooBftii'l: pai^lq: f|7D^ 


Affla'tiou, s. >i,j5.: a^^ff:•. >^^:^:: 
Afflict, va. ^fJ:f^4:.. hfiro.l<t.::-rn«t:: 
«""in<^: 2\nA:: ?i«^HV.: 

Affli'ction, s. (ToYi^:: Gp,^t|»^:: "^pQ:: 
Affli'ctive, ac/j. :f;3^:: pcn^J^i^^p-ir.- ^f, 

Affluence,*. ^C;^:: 90/^.1,.. Riches: n A 




( 10 ) 



Affluent, adj. ^C,Q.:i •flH-" Rich: HA 

Afflux, Afflu'xion, s. o«^l1f|:: owrt-nrt-fl:: 

Aflbr'd, t>.o. rtm- ?iK«!lT: ?»a)"l" The 
soil affords grain: gnj^C^: "^lUAT: :^a) 
'*1A%" The tree affords fruit: HQ.: 

Afiiran'chise, v. a. J^f^i-TT: ?ia)"1" 

Afiri'ght, v.a. htl&ji." 

AflTri'ght, Aflright'ment, s. a^t\&/,J\' :: ^C. 

Afiro'nt, v.a. flS^ll" l^tnai^.". 

AS^o'nt.s.'^Gi,^Jt'^.: TtOyC.-- fl£"n:: 

Affront'ive, adj. fl^'fl" 

Afiu'se.v.o. 7\£,flfl.: K£J.I^: Wi"^d." 4"*" 

Afiu'sion, s. ao^EQ.->:: 

Afiy, v.a. 2\tt{.:: To — in God : n>V"lH.?k 

Afie'ld, adv. nnC?:: 0"^^:: 

Afloa't, a{lv. nCD'^: A^: rh.^:: 

AicK/t, adv. mC" 

M(/Te, prep. n&.^" noo^avQ^:: 

Afo'rehand, adv. n^RI"--- Od-'T: TH;! 

Afo'resaid, ac?/. n«l»K«?°: PTTA:: 
Afrai'd, part «5,<J:: He is — : ^«5.d.'A" , 
Afre'sh, adv. hS,fl" 
Aftfev, prep. & adv. n;l.A:: 
Aft'erbirth. s. PT^RU : A^- 
AiVermath, s. U-Atf': P:J'ta.K: »*10C" 
Aft'ernoon, s. In the — : Yl'P-'fC.- n:S.A:: 
Afferpains, s. flondJ-AJ^" HiA: ^A: 

Aft'erthought, s. :i.A?': J^i^'ll:: 

Afferwards, adv. fJ^A: 

(DS^y- YlH.^: n:I.A:: 
Agai'n, adv. ^"Itjo;: aoAr*" 
Agai'nst. prep, n — " HA^" RA"?-" 
Over — : £.f: A<5,^:: I'JHC" I ^^ 
not — it: >»!.: ?kAKAa>'9":: 
Aga'pe, aJr. Yt^'i'- TYl^-t":: 
Aga'st, or Agha'st, adj. yS.i'p--- P<5.d." 
Age,s. Time of life : O^o^: ^jre of a child : 
a»gil^:: Middle — : T^AO^fll^"- 
(In history: oo'YinA?': Hi^l):: O^'^ 

— : KCST"- Generation:' -Irat-AK-: 

Period: H^^iT:: 
A'ged, adj /^Cl: m. rxCl/Vf- 
A'gency, s. fl«^:: "fyj^^l:: esp. o^D^'i^l 

^:: Tfll'l" 
A'gent, s. rt^:: hj^<5.'l.:: esp. ooj^l-l:: 


Aggela'tion, s. poi^^fj: YJQ: aonC.'T^i'- 

Ag'grandise, v.a. ?inAm:: ?inH:: Yttl^." 

Ag'grandisement, s. "^■flAT:: ofl'flH^" 

Ag'gravatc, i;.a. hVniK" Ytnei," 
Aggrava'tion, s. cnj^ifiK"" •"llfl4.'"r':: 
Ag'gregate, adj. Pf rt Hli fl " 
Ag'gregate, s. T-T/S.:: Pfllnrtn: V?C" 

Ag'gregate, v.a. fittfitl.: MiffO^i: 

Aggi-ega'tion, s. "^rt-nrt-fl:: 

Aggre'ss, v.a. fl^A" 

Aggres'sion, s. oO'flJ^A:: 

Aggres'sor, s. 11^^:: 

Aggrou'p, v.a. ooaK-TT:. nM'C^'lf: rtn 


A'gile, ac/;. <5.nn:: -f-A": PO^TI'ni'fl- 
Agil'ity, s. oro^mi:: -T-A": oo'}«l'«*I1>i*|:: 
A'gitate, u(7. ?i«1(DYl:: ?ira)m:: (DHO) 

H:: M1'5'i»:: «I»-rt'l*-rt:: 
Agi taction, s. o^i^CDVI:: U-Yl-^:: o^i'G) 

T:: ""(D'HCD'H:: mjl^i*:: 
A'gitative, adj. pa^^«1(&"Vl:: (DUT^" 

Agna'tion, s. ■Hgn_g.f : Vn^: ooTJr: 

Ago', rtu y. n cL't" : : li *i>x V" : : 

Ago'ing, nar<. iX-rKP-:: jh,^" 

Ag'onize, n.n. nM^qpo^: ;^^/^:: v.a. ^iflCQ. 

if:: Ktl^ld.:: 

Ag'ony, *. 8C" C0''J*f't':: The agonies of 

death: 8^: qn-^f" 
Agra'rian, arfj. gn^^-j: fi^ipq^fi: poi^j^ 

Agree', v.n. ?iT;jf: Ifi:: flfT" IflltTO:: 

Agree'ableness, s. crortuijaq^:: OD(])Pp>:: 



( 11 ) 



Agree'able, at//. pani'V*I°-- ponf\ai}atj:: 
.Po^lH" Pleasant: ^f|: PO^JPrt^- 

Agree'ahly, adv. IW" "XlK" Pleasingly: 
Agree'd, part, tiao'tm^:: P'ffltnjcnj:: p-f" 

Agree'ment, ». oortmjirq^:: p-VP^^dl'. 

YIQ:: I have made an — with him : YlQ 

Ag'riculture, s. P90J^(^: atjf|«;.'T:: oq^ft:: 
Agricul'turist, s.lnd^:: 7M.t\:: 

Agrou'nd, adv. fl^nj^C" He ran the ship 

A'gue, s. -J^J^:: gnih:: 

All, inlerj. <PJi:: "KCD^:: (DP-:: (D^AJE:: 

Aha, inierj. Y^H" 

Ahea'd, adv. Precipitantly : -t-fk": -t-ZV":: 
^fteod of a ship : nooCYl-n: d.'Y':: 

Aid^u.a. «^^:: ?ilH:: 

Aid, Aid'ance, s. «^^^:: 

Aid'ant, Aid'ing, adj. ^^'^:: h^ K - 

Aid de-camp, s. ptS^^d.: J^A?*: ?»:JK" 

Aid'less,ac//.4K.'T: PA.ACD':: Pinjji3'TH:: 

Ail, V. imprs. JYOUotJ:: 

Ail'ing, par<. ac//. ^k^:: _paorro:: 

Ail'meut, s. (ht"19°-" 

Aim, r, 't"*"'^^-^-: «5,AT" He aims at 
your destruction : TtJ.'T^P'i: £<5.A;JA:: 

Aim. s. A""^4fl: PtcroAtlT: YIC.:- 

Air, s. ?iPC:: ^«irt" 

Air, v.a. A'?*!!*!: ?\a)"l:: ?iid,rt:: 

Air-balloo'D, *. P1l<if|: Dtc'i:: 

Air'ily, atZu. 14.i10D: ?iP-Cl" 

Air'iness, s. ^<ff.^^9"l''^ " 

Air'ing, s. o^i&Xi" H^ ^ok an — : A.l«5. 

ft: (D"l:: 
Air'less, adj. Ir^fl: (?iPC:) PAAH^:: 
Air'-pump, s. P2\PC: ■^A"9«q :: 
Air'y, arf/. ^4.l17":•. J^P^T^:: P14.l1|:: 
Ait, s. nffiTH: ^A^: :^^h: ^^rt.'t-:: 
Alci'n, ac//. Hcroj^:: 
Al'abaster, s. ?kAnfl^-CT" 
Alac/rity, s. y^h^-:: oh^fYI'A:: ' 
Ala'rm, f.a. ^il1a)Yl" hfl&.6.:: 

Ala'rm, ». U-Yl-I*:: ^C**^" — ofanarmy: 
m.6.:: * 

Ala'rming, part. POtiytlA,6^" 

Ala's, A]a'ck,zn«er/.*PJ£:: >»a)J£:: (D,PA^:: 


Albe'it, atfi;. ^Ogn; i*ljici>^:: fi^q>C.:: Or 

with participles or the constructive moods 

paraphrastical ly. 
Albion, s. ?\An.P"T:: >iT1A"lC" 
Alchym'ical, adj. (DS.- diflCD'^- Yi.f^^: 

Al'chymist, s. OBf^.-p-J: CDJEfl"- A.A"^'?: *?" 

ITA-^: AahCEfe-: (DC^l: J^KC^I^T 

AU-: pm^A" 
Al'chymy, s. J^rt-T? : VutJ^jP:: 
Alco'hol, s. P?k4ttj: 3JEA" 
Al'coran, s. .4JC>^T:: P>.flAq"^: wo» 

Al'cove, s. irrfi: :i.^: ©.gft: oq^'V: MR 

«5.h: J^On-n:: 
Ald'erman, s. aoVi^: VlYlTO^: fnl:: 
Ale, *. JPAOTQ^^: PX-nA^-H: "lA:: 
Ale'house, s. "lA: P"^ll,n>n'^: fL'l':: 
Ale'rt, Of?;. mT^r: 1'Y>A?':: 
Ale'rtness, s. fll'Il*: <nj(5_fni:: 
A'lgebra, *. fld.KA'^: '"»'l»-mC" 
Algebra'ist, s. Pi5,KA'^'i: t™4»^mC: P""! 

A'lias, adv. nA.A: flQ,<5^:: nA.A: T.H.:: 
Alien, s. >i'5°lji»:: oojiT-f-.: fiKff" 
A'lienable, ac/j. (Dg: A, A: lICD': ^AQ.: H 

-ij^: paii3=A: mH-H):: 
Alienate, r. a. (T}Hn•^:) AffiOl:: /j/- Pll 

ffl-l: A-n: affile,: A^: hR^K- 
Alienated, adj. p-TAtDm: CnHfl):: /^. 

A(DJE^^: 'h.'ilS,: Plfi: An-9n: PTA 

Pn^:: P-TAP:: 
Aliena'tion,s. aD/\(DT:: >iTl^: atj^^«7:: 

Alight, V. n. (Yin*A»: (DJEfl: Yl«5.4ft:) 

Ali'ke,arfv. ooflA":: >xY>A: U-r" ?i'5j^: 
Ihr:: Qc?;. pm^ODfi^:: ^^YhA" ?k^J^:: 
Al'iment, s. 7" "I -fl :: q* A-fl : : 

Al'imental, <wf;. paiq^oo"j»f|:: ptnj •pA'll :: 



( 12 ) 



Alimcn'tary, arfj. P9""|-n:: Pt'A'fl:: 

Alimo'nious, adj. i.q. Alimenlal. 

Al'imony, s. YnAT: Pt&,-J''^: fht". 9n"I 

Alive, adj. tlfhSLO)^: JPA" ^'Aqo'T:: AT 

9":: J\flTT;eL:: ^mT:: 
All,adj.U'tf:i Allmen: hOfr-: IhA-" When 

— is done: Ih/V: Vlt-KO: n^A" After 

— : n""pEI,«^h:: Nothing at — : 7n^7D 

^:: ^l^^¥: PA9n:: 
Alla'y, v.u. U^j-iv'^1: .(^'HA*: ?i1>Am:: 

irop.h.^.:!" 8T: hrtT:: K'^^.d," 
Alla'y, s. A'Pd^: "yoiJ-A: FTCaoo^: ^K"*! 

A*:: ODCVlfl:: 
Alle'ge, v.a. YlrtOh: ?i^: (D^fl: Vl»o» 

Al'legeable, arfj. AT^flVlC: Pf^Hn- 
Alle'ged, ^ar«. A9"lYflC: PtnA" 
Alle'giance, s. ^yF: troiH'l':: 
Alle'giant, adj. Tx'i^: rh°|: pa^yRC^- 

Allego'rical, R(//. RT^'TfA.: Po^nC" HT" 

•lA.: P-MA" 
Allegory, s. "JW^A." 
Alle'gro, «. '^'YT-A: •"»'!X^ - 
Alle'viate, v.a. JV'I'AA:: 
Allevia'tion, s. ("J^AA" 
Al'lej', s. PXAA: O"'}!^:: 
Alliances. ^il^l'Tf:: -H^n^l^- Ui^ 

1:: ^A^g'0'^" aiS.^i't-.- 

Allie's.s.fflir^:: fflj^^-^- HAIJ^-C^:: 

Alliga'tion, s. oquJC" 

Alliga'tor, s. ^A^: 2\H:: 

AUoca'tion, s. ootaoof;:: oqfj'I'WT:: 

Allocu'tion, s. tro£'}C."- 

Allo't, v.a. nog : Yl4.<5.A:: ' 

Allotment, s. Og:: nOg: PTrtm: Vl^A" 

Allow', v.a. TO):: AAYIAVIA*?":: ?\H 

H" rtm- A^A^m: rtm:: 

Allowable, arfj. paq^.Yltv'nA" PO^IH- 
Allow'ance, s. Ju^A^ll:: ■1''i\HTf:: ooftm 

Alloy', *. Vid. Allay. 

Allude, v.a. fiA' — 't-fld." J^A" 

Allu're, v.a. nm^ffi^^: ^'iO ?iR""S" 

Allu're, s. (DJtoojf " 

AUu'rement, s, A«JOR"'ro^: PtKO^ HrJ, 

fV-: YJC.:: 
Allu'sion, s. flA: — : ownC- 
AUu'sive, o(/;. flA: — : P"^i'lC." 
Ally', ua. ?ilj^l-l': ?»KO" ffl^lTl'l': 

Ally'.s.CDTi:: (D^g":: nAlS-«5.:: Hfn>J^:: 
Al'manac, s. hAooi^:: •^»^: l^A-: Pon^ 

Almi'ghty, Qc/;. & s. U-A-T: SPJJ:: |>A-T: 

Pcni^A" U-A-l: Po^JE'H:: 
Al'mond, s. AdMi" 
Al'monds of the throat, jPIT't': flC- 
Al'moner, s. Plji;: tJOR-tp^'" 
Almonry, s. •JTOR-T'I-: PO»irtTn">: fl6. 

Almo'st, adv. 'V'^-'V- "fCfr-" JPOA:: 

Alms, s. TOR-tp't*:: 

Al'mshouses, *. PTDj^-cpiTf.; n,-^^-;: 

A'loes, s. '^r^'Tf:: 

Alo'ft, adv. flA^:: 

Alo'ne, oc//. 'fl^':: 

Alo'ng, adv. nCHOO^:: fim7'n:: 

Aloo'f, adv. TA^-fr:: A-fl^'O)':: <.^:: 

Alo'i)eey, s. P8>C: odto^t:; 

Alou'd, af?i'. n^'A^': J^^OR*:: 

Al'pha, s. ?iA4.:: 

Al'phabet, s. Ulh^" 

Alphabe'tical, at//. PUlh*^:: 

Alrea'dy, adv. d.Jt'P':: 

Al'so, arfi). K"7qn :: 

Al'tar, s. aoUJa>J?:: 

A'lter, i;. ACDfll:: 

Alterable, adj. ooAfflT: PW^^A:: 

Al'terant, adj. Po^Afl)''?:: A*PCE'>:: 

Altera'tion, s. oo^(D«y:: tnJAOD'P:: 

Al'terative, ac(/. ATCP": (P^^^Y/V)". 

Alterca'tion, s. R-fl:: VlCVlC" 

Alte'rnate, arf/. YlAA: ;ji,: nP'l.K.Oh: T 

Alte'rnately, adv. nAffl'T:: TATOMT*:: 
Altema'tion, s. o«ATfl)T:: 
Alte'rnative, s. YlU-A^: AP: ilC: JM^K*- 
Althou'gh, Gc/j;. •Ti^«|>^:: 



( 13 ) 



Altime'try, s. Pti-C'^''^- Yl G,"}"- "^^V^'t--'- 
Al'titude, s. Tn^.S'" YlQ.: "^A'f:: AO 

AT"- — of a mountain : (^"H on ^:: 
Altoge'ther, adv. TJ^:: n"19":: 
A'lum, s. ?i/V9":: 
Alu'minous, adj. J^/V-"?": ^Afl'^" 
Al'ways, adv. (D^Q:: 
Amai'n, arfi;. n^^A" mj^: hJ^Ci" 
Amal'gam, s. Pyn^/V^-: J^-flA^: O*'"^ 

AT: Pm^K^T: 
Amal'gamate,D.a. 9"3-A°^"lS: h*A(T»: ^fl 

A«l»:: AP: 110= gnA*:: 
Amanii^n'sis, s. ^flTo^JiJ: Hd." 
Amas'ment, s. onfi-fifi-fi^:: oo^'fl:: Vl 

Amass', v. a. \lo^^:: 

Amateu'r, s. fflj^j^:: 

Amauro'sis, s. pcj^T: w^Hli" 

Ama'ze, v.a. ?iflj^l«|»:: lam amazed: ?ij^ 

Ama'ze, s. troj^^^:: aij_^^^:: 
Ama'zement, s. fra^\^:: aij^^ip:: 
Ama'zing, part, ^'i^:: Po^JPfl^"}^:: 
Ama'zjngly, adv. ?iflKT'i'" 
Ambas'sador, Embass'ador, .9. crD/\yiff :: 
Ambas'sadress, s. obaVIT? P-is:: 
Am'bassage, Am'bassade, s. owA'^'il't':: "" 

Am'ber, s. Jvyn-fl*^" 

Ambigu'ity, s. nU-A^: (DTI: pa^<4.^: 

Ambig'uous, ac?/. fllhA^: (DTi: onQ,-^^: 

pm^^A:: 1l7": nC^ ^A""!- 
Ambig'uously, adv. flU-A^: G)T5: -ttA?":: 
Ambig'uousness, s. nihA'l': (D1T: "^A'^:: 
Ambi'tion, s. TrtTfJ: ll-flCT: oo?!^:: 
Ambi'tious, adj. Tnll':: Yl'?1': Vl-flO: P 

Ambula'tion, s. ooooAAfl:: 

Ambusca'de, Ambusca'do, Am'bush, s. onfall 

Ame'n, adv. 2\a^T:: 
Ame'nable, adj. pat}^&,d,J^I\^:: 
Amend', r. ?inA:: T\fiS.:: fll^"™:: 

Amend'ment, s. o^«1A:: "^'flS't'" °"'P 

Amend's, s. AO^T:: Vji^:: 

Ame'nity. s. nnjtnjf;:: T^A:: M^y^^:: 

Am'ethyst, s. Tv'^'ttlCn.ftl:: 

A'miable, adj. ptn^ffl^^:: 

A'miableness, s. tnJ(DK^" f^^T^d/V :: 

Am'icable, adj. H'C." n^*C= ^A:: 

Am'icably, adv. n^'I'C" 

Ami'd, Ami'dst, adv. O "VTl A : : YlonTi Yl A: : 

Ami'ss, adv. •fl^S." 

Am'ity, s. (DJ^S'i'l'" ^*C" 

Ammuni'tion, s. P^: rr»C: 9^^^" PH9" 
if: 00141-11:: 

Am'nesty, s. ^*C^: AflJ^P-^:: 

Amo'ng, Amo'ngst, prep, n — :: ntro¥|YlA:: 

Am'orous, acZj. ^-Y-(D-1"'?: PT*™?':: 

Am'orously, adv. fl^'t'CD't':: 

Amo'rt, arfj. poi^^-HI:: ^^H^'^?':: 

Amou'nt, v. n. ?\TlA:: It amovvfs to a hun- 
dred dollars: tro-f-: 'flC.'i: ^flAA:: 

Amou'nt, s. poi^JPtlA:: Pll-A*: «I»^TC:: 

Amphib'ious, adj. ih^Gi-p: UU^K'C.i': flCD' 
:i: oof^: ptrqy^:: 

Am'ple, arf/. rtd.:: W^"l" -ttH-:: 

Am'pleness, s. ft^-'l""- "flHI^:: 

Amplif'ieate, v. a. t\.fli^:'. 

Amplifica'tion, s. ^f^tl^^:: 

Am'plify, v. a. Yvf^t^:: 

Am'plitude, s. fl4.^:: 

Am'ply, adv. f]d.: |>r:: ■>iS'^:: 

Am'putate, v. a. -IIA^T: •l^^^fTl :: 

Amputa'tion, s. •flA't'1: ooit>-.^«p;: 

Am'ulet, s. 5^;^'n:: 

Amuse, v.a. ^tl: MlT: f»I|,(D-¥-:: 

Amu'sement, s. (^f|: oqrtY'lf: firatO)^:: 

Amu'sing, jxirf. ^f|: poi;^_prt*5 :: 

Anabap'tist, s. IhAT?: 'P9"«I»T: JEIHA: 
Po^A: rtO)':: 

Anach'orete, Anach'orite, s. i\iril*£'5'i*l:: HrJi 

Anach'ronism, s. PH*'^'}: •!»^TC: "T^lJ^Gl 

't-: n:r<iVi:: 



( 14 ) 



Anal'ogy, s. ow'JortA:: 9"«lA.:: 

Anal'ysis, ». cro^^'l-:: 

Analytic, adj. 4.-T-:: P^•^«5.:^:: 

An'alyse, v.a. &,'f:: 7\t\&,'X" 

An'archy, s. -yjt^: pa»;^:r'(D*n'"r: ^'\C,: 

fMC^K^^qo: PA.An'1': imjl:: 
Anath'ema, s. (DT-TI:: o^C^f^:: Oyo;: 
Anath'ematize, v. a. (D'l H : : ^1 ao : : 
Anat'omist, s. OD_|^^'it^'"r'T: Aooaqj^: pft 

(D'^: 'lA: VlG.A": 4»'Cf"9": POf»itro^ 

Anat'omy, s. M't'O^i'" Prt(D''?: 1A: "« 
1n4.d.A: A^o^T^lf : oo^^ji^-Y-j: /yon 

An'cestors, «. Pfl'I'K'?": ?in-?-^-:: 

An'cestry, s. ?'>(!>• A J^: J"*?!^ :: 

Anch'or, *. oocYl-fl: PO^"t'9"n-'r: cro^ 

Anch'or, v.a. tnJAiiv^l: "lA:: 
Anch'orage, s. ooArh^: PO^"lAn""f: 9» 
^•C" ODAth^l: AOO«lA: puiin : 

An'cient, o J/. P n 1'S 9« " P^C = = 

An'cient, s. mg.i.(Ih1: fiThorai:: 

An'ciently, adw. O^C: Hooi" ni>£9n:: 

An'cients, *. Pfll'K^": rttp^- ?i'l-¥-^:: 

And, conj.— 9"". — f" K"I1°" 

An'ecdote, s. CD<?i," 

Ane'w,adt;.?»^f|:lhf :: K"iqP:: onoAr*:: 

A'ngel, s. troA?iVl " 

AngeVical, Angel'ic, adj. oo^J^Viqj:: 

An'ger, s. 't»-'n:: occ%^:: 

An'ger, v.a. Y\t\^"\'- 

Angi'na, s. ^TJ'"f: Ai^nj^D-.: 

An'gle, s. oqin:: Fisliing-hook : cro-yA 

^_P:: cnig>'p'j:: 
An'gle, v.n. mA«5.:: ii'mt:: 
Ang'licism, .s. VlhTYltOA- YiO ^-flA*: 

nA.A: S'ia- 

Ang'ry, arfj. pan4>,fri:: 

Ang'uish, *. cp.Tl»^ - >t C " 

Ang'ular. adj. orj-HTtf :: 

Anhela'tion, «. ntP'TP'!-: aqfjT'J<5.i1" 

Animadver'sion, s. oo'Vn^*:: HAij.:: X" 
Animadver't, v.a. mn'P.:: HA<5.:: XPd.- 

Animal, s. ■>i^f|lY:: a. >^^fl^1^:: /: — 

qj't- :■■ 
Animal'cule. s. :hrn: >klfl«^: n^^JZT'- "fl 

5^: Poy^Jh^:: 
An'imate, ua. Ai^CDi'T: llm:: J^thPO): 

A-m: ?*K«n" 
An'imate, adj. fhJdCD't": yAd^" 
An'imated, par<. hi^Gi' : : T 3* T A" : : 
Animation,*. thjiCD'T:: fh^ffil'T^ ""11 

An'imative, arfj. (h^Oa-VI: rtPp.:: 
Animos'ity, s. KA'I'i'Y"" ^xA'iotD'KJ^" 
An'ise, s. PYlo»'T: ?»je:l-T:: 
An'ker, s. ?l^^C:: po'^iS.fl: V?C: ""fl<5. 

Cy- 1- lAl". 
An'kle, s. 4»^C«=^9»»«l?'fni^-:: 
Annalist,*. UJ-6Yi: Hd,: ?».,P«oi': T^l^ 

An'nals, s. qou^: quO'-j.: P'rTn<5.A: :^ 

Annex', v.a. na«ca«?lh: (H""^:: 

Annex', s. irocR.o^CJP" 

Anni'hilate, V. a. n*^:: ?»fI14." 

Annihila'tion, s. h<i'T:: o^Td/'f:: 

Anniver'sary, s. _pcror-|,: n^A- 

An'no Dom'ini, s. nVlCrt-t-fl: nA^'P: ?» 

»o«1' :: 
Annota'tion, s. l\au)^i\\Q,: '^^"1: R-<5.15T: 


Annou'nce, v. a. ?k{D«5.:: (BdJ^- ti"ld.". 

Anno'y, v.fl. hfl^l*!^:: 

Annoy'ance, *. "^PQ:: 

Annoy'er, s. ^ifl^'^^:: 

An'nual, adj. nou't-: qono-"t.: _PA:: 

An'nually, adv. qtro'^i': qao-f:: 

Annu'itant, s. qofii^: qtro-t-; PT't»-i:imA 

Annuity, s. qoii^: qan-V: ArhJECD't-: U- 
A-: Pf'^■^m:^^H•n:: 



( 15 ) 



Annul, t. a. h*^:: ?im«t" Tmts: h^O:: 
An'nular, adj. >»^J^: 'TAn^: ^A" 
An'nulet, s. ^J^ffl: 'PAfl-t':: 
Annu'merate, v.a. ti^'VC,- Wi^^^d." 
Annumera'tion, s. ti.^'VC,'- *"'CCl,""'C" 
Annuncia'tion-day, s. po^CyfJ^t rm£i: I'D 
CJS.A: (DKCfiT: flA: TAYI: P"^R 

An'odyne, s. P^ho^Toi: Oh^J^: P9"-Th 

Anoi'nt, r. a. "^fj :: 

Anom'alism, Anom'aly, s. "lJE[-«5.^:: flA^C^ 

Anom'alous, adj. n^C.^^- JPAITI". 

Ano'n, oc/v. -f-A":: <i.Tr:: 

Anon'ymous, oc?;. fl9": PA.A(D':: 

Ano'ther, adj. A.A:: c^orqi" 

An'swer, v.a. OD/vrt:: yoAhl: rtfH:: 

An'swer, s. y^Ah" 

An'swerable, oc(/. «7D/^ifi: pai^<5_A"in'^:: 

Ant, s. •^^^^:: 

Antag'onist, .?. XA-t-" HA;}^.:: 

Antarc'tic, adj. n^n-'fl: cna(i>.K|,: H-C^: 

Antece'de, v. n. 'p^tm : : n &rV : ITl :: 
Aiitece'dence, s. cro^J^iyo:: 
Antece'dent, ot//. paritp^fjU:: 
Antece'dent, A. po^'p^"?": llC- nd.i': 

Antecham'ber, s. Vij^^.h : nd.'t": ^A : fl 

An'tedate, v.a. nw«A">kVl^: ^A<5.a^^: I* 

Antedilu'vian, adj. Yl J^T""^ rt.: O^*:}: nd.'t': 

An'telope, s. 'HU'C" 

Antemeridian, s. Vl*^C: H^'V" <^R"-- 
Antepilep'tics. ptni^CD.K-l'CD'T: rho^y": 

pv^^'ti- o^s::iW:- 

Ante'rior, arfj. iL'T?':: nfK9": (nd.'f:) 

^A" pati'p^ipi:: 
Anterior'ity, s. tfo^vqu-.: 
An'them,*! Ptl'^tl- n™*Kfl7°: PO^ 

Anthology, «. ynP^: ooft'Ofl'n.P" 

Anthropoph'agi, s. lIlCD'T: HP-^-:: 
An'tic.tK//. P^'C" >»^K: fll'K'": ^"^ 

An'tic, s. rtV^" 

An'tichrist, s. d\^^- "^^lih:: PilCrt'T" 

ft: XA-I-:: 
Antichris'tian, at/;. Pdi'l'^: froui,^: (D1T: 

^A" VlCft-t-ft"?: P"fT.XA:: 
Anti'cipate, v.a. pcni»orrr)a>''5: lelC- "lii 

Anticipa'tion, s. panonrrKD,-}: n^: O^ip 
Trcnjft-n:: 1,!l,(ih: «^^KCft: ""OM't 
^K*: a).Pft: "^£"4°!" «ro^Ky»:: In 

An'ticly, adv. fl ft^ ^f - 

Antido'tal, ndj. ou^'Hl: ptn;thC" 

An'tidote, s. onaf^Tn: P9"^hC= '"'JE^ 

Antefe'brile, ac/j. PTr^,^: H^" 

An'timony, s. JVJtqoi^PT^:: 

Antino'mians, s. ?»<;^T: po^RA*: onf- 

An'tinomy, s. Js^-^l: wxjr-/\ ■?!-:: 
Antip'athy, s. J^AO^O^J^Jf :•- RA'1-5-1':: 
Anti'podes, s. n«;F"J^C= U-AT?': (DTI: ^ 

A-.TV-M.^a^l?": <DK:>»"ld.^'}: Pn^ 

jP«1P: ft(p¥:: 
Antiqua'rian, An'tiquary, s. VlJ^C- P't'i^iS. 

(D-T: ^iS*: Po^A*g»: ftoy-:: 
An'tiquate,t).a. AJ? C: H*''^-^: «1>^T(^: il«»:: 
Anti'que, adj. PJ^C" 

Anti'que. s. Yl,K-C: Htro-}: p-T^d.: MC" 
Antiq'uity, .9. PP;(^: ucm'K;: 
Antisep'tic, s. laq^ffj: pyo't'YlAVlA: *"* 

Anti'thesis, s. m^: YIQ: AJK: PTTA: 

Antitrinita'rian, s. PM^Aft,: XA"^:: 
A'ntitype, s. P^l5■^: gm^A.: Q.>1«^:: 
Antitypi'cal, ad/. P^i^f: om^A,: paf^d.?? 


An'tre, s. T*!" 
An'vj], s. oiJjj^?j :: 



( IG ) 


Anxi'ety, Anx'iousness, ». J^"*!*!!:: T^Hi" 
Anx'ious, adj. 2\i1n.: "TVilHI:: 
A'ny. adj. Any man: hTi^:: c«JT7D:: 
Any thing : TOI 7" : : ^l^^^ : : 

Aor'ta, 8. ^ia^c:^:: 

Apa'ce, adv. -^/V:: A/Vr" 

Apar't, ac/r. A-nJ-'O^" Ttk^-^" 
Apar'tment, s. Pa^: tlQ,6.: Yl^A:: 
Ap'athy, *. hAOD^ODyn:: 901: "IJ^J^^: 

Ape, *. -Hlg-C:: trop. Ai-fp: O^fl-O: A. 

A°^-T:-fll5': PO^YlTA: rt(D-:: 
Ape'rient, s, ITJ^T: P7°'t'Yl(5.'"r: -croj^ 

A'pertion, s. aoYld/t".: "^^'T^'-'- 
Ap'eTture, s. tmYid/V:: PTYld.'T : fj^i.:: 
Ape'talous, adj. ^HIA: PAACD^: (?inn)". 
A'pex, s. <5.f| : : iTA't : : 
Aphe'Jion or Aphe'liuna, s. ^i<3^AP•^:: PR 

A'piary, *. Pl-fl: onrt-nrt'O^:: 

Apie'ce, adv. TYI^A": T'nt».A°:: nPjl 

A'pish,at//.'H'}^£:!:,T: poiitrofiA:: fii<5.:: 
Apoc'alypse, s. ?iI>^A9«rt.fl:: J^A^'AR" 

iXfli: PPrli'iri: «;.>i^:: 
Apocalyp'tical, adj. PTttl-S'Af^^^'' 
Apoc'rjplia, s. rxi<^Yl64,:: tvo^Kd^Q.- *K, 
fl: PTCa»04.-- "A'iK: ^rf"?": ^AU" 
l- ^ATl'i^rr-'?": tro^AiO.^:: 
Apoc'ryphal. arfj. P?iilVl^4." >»^S: ?»J^ 

Apoc'ryphally, a<Zr. '7^'iS.- ?iA^«54." "?» 

Apologt/tieal. adj. "no^Yititi- PO^yi8:: 

Apologize, v.a. aoTi-i^'t-'i: YIC: «roVlI*I 

Apology, s. ouYn^'TI: n°^1""^-'f- "" 

Apos'tacy, s. PHypfJf^: tlRt-" Of»"9:: 
Apos'tate, s. V|^:: Yl'h.^,:: Otroof:: 
Apos'tatize, i;. n. ^^oq^^'l'- "^S."- 
Apos'tle, s. rhTCy- 
Apoth'ecary, s. paiJg;^\jf. •IJPEP'" 

Appal, v.a. hfiK^qy.: hflAi^.:: 

Appara'tus, s. "isj*:: Ptl6.: Ti^P:: 

Appa'rel, s. A-nfl:: 

Appa'rel, v.a. ?\Anrt:: 

Appa'rent, adj. PTlAX" 

Appa'rently, adv. fl'^AR-:: nOMt':: 

Appari'tion, s. •JO'Tfrh'l':: 

Apparitor, s. Pa-T: VlCfl'l.PI: <5.<!'^^: 

Appeal, s. oroOTiRT:: 
Appea'l, V. n. "TaqKl:: 
Appea'r, v.n. ^P:: TlAX:: 
Appear'ance, s. an j- p -"i^ : : oii7/\ j^ : : In — : 

Appease, uc 7'x'^ d,&,:: 'H'J^: hflT" ^ifl 

Appea'sement, s. (nji^jj^Q.:: oijfi^^^:: 

Appella'tion, s. fl9":: 

Append', I. a. CH.7«C: J^lmAmA:: CE19" 

C: llTA:: BELora^" 
Appendage, s. avf^avQ^y. cp.«pDf;:: tp, 

Append'ant, s. TCCLOij^:: CJ«,aqi:: ougQ. 

Append'ant, Appe'nded, orf;. cp-T^f^:: 
Appen'dix, s. oufuijanQy:; 
Appertai'n, r. 71. hA:: Tin" 
Appei 'tinent, adj. ^A:: PO^TT:: 
Ap'petence, s. onf^i^^:: oui^'?}':: 
Ap'petite, s. troh^:: Poro-nAf: potJ»4»»y: 

oo'"i''f:: Strong — : jj.'ll:: 
Applaud, t). G. ?iYl n «; : : ^iiro ("ni : : 
Applau'se, s. ^-nC" n1: ?»S4"11I: wiJA'S-:: 
Ap'ple, s. ■t'4.'^ " 
Ap'plicable, ac/;. ptni o^fj:; - 

Applica'tion, s. ogj^t^fl:: ov^^^fir. trop. 

Appli'er, Ap'plicant, s. pan?j:: pim<5,AT: 

Apply', in. K^ri:: ^Cl^: <i.Al:: 10. ?» 

Appoi'nt, uo. 4^«'.m:: h^dj:: To — a 
time, (a place): T.aOhT: (tl^6.ay-'i): 
'^d.m: (2\J^<il):: To — to an office: 



( 17 ) 



Appointed, par/. PT'N^m:: PTK«»1:: P 

Appoi'ntment, s. P'r4»"4ni: VIC" tvo^^" 
Apprai'se, v.a. tavjao:: Pfpfly."}: <p^: 

Apprai'sement, s. t^J^7n•J^3rn:; 'q*pi'}o^:: 

Apprai'ser, s. HTn^tn^:: 

Apprehe'nd, v.a. _PH :: To comprehend : ?\fl 

TTA:: To fear: «5.^:: 
Apprelie'nsion, s. Seizure: cnj_p-H:: Cbn- 

ception: tnjfii-tp^-.: Pear: T'^QH." ^ 

Apprehe'nsive, adj. A,6:: 
Appre'ntice, s. Pfll«5.: fo^6:: 
Appre'nticeship, s. Pflj5.: ouarj^: T-n^^'V- 
Appre'ciate, i.a. ?iVin<i:: ?\a)1»:: 
Appri'se, v.a. TttlTQif" Piffl^."- n^i" 
Appri'sed, jjart. Pfiojj:: ptn][JP(l>.^:: pi- 

Approa'ch, *. OD^4»^]:: i\^i.n.JP:: 
Approa'ch, r.a. ^^^fl- 
Approba'tion, s. RUi'i id)': o^A-"r:: 9"fl 

Appro'priate, r.o. TJH-fl: ^»K«i^" 
Appropria'tion, s. T}H"fl: on;^<i"l:: 
Appro'vable, arfj. poi^in :: Yl^: y£i\F\:: 
Appro' val, Appro'vement, s. Rtlf : 10)': t"J/\ 

■1-:: •?"fi;jr:: 
Appro've, r.a. ^Uf = -itD-: hA:: >»r8.: ?k 

A" ?iOnini:: 
Appro'ved, part. Ktlf: l(I>: PTHA" 
Approx'imate, ac/;. ^CO" JPtlA" 
Approxima'tion, s. •ro^^'fi:: 
Appur'tenance, s aDqj,aiJ^^: ITH-f!:: 
April, s. J\fr^A:: "R^TI.P: : 
Apron,*. ?i.fr41:: ITJ^T: Pon.fiQ.'i- 

Aptarf;. a-JZ" pmt^A" Po^Hl-nA:: 

Apfitude, s. KU'JYi':: ¥A"-"r:: ""Hin 

A:: crortiqcnj^:: 
Aptly, ac/j. Stjr: ?iJ^Cl " -ITqD:: 

Apt'ness, s. Vid. Aptitude. 
Aqua'tie, adj. flCD';}: J?A:: 
A'queduct, s. Pay-li: ««4h.^:: 

A'queous, oc/;. >i^K: (D^^: ^A" 

A'quiline, acZ;. TlflO: Pn^'^flA" 

A'rabic, s. O^O^:: 

A'rahle, adj. P^"i:^4f|:•. 

Ara'neous, a</> pt\d.6^'i' IL-"f: poiioo 

Ara'tion, A'rature, s. P«?n^C: "^«^fl" 
Ai-'atory, adj. I^KrCi- Aa»i<ifl: Pi^iin" 
Ar'biter, s. ^?':: 

Arbit'rament, Arbit'rement, s. oopVt"" 
ArT)itrarily, adv. mnS-:: ^A: M'C*^'^: 

ArTjitrariness, s. "XlJ^: d,9^£- ^ A : M^C 

Ar'bitrary, ac?/. jPA: M^C*^-!" f: >i^K: <5.g> 

Ar'bitrate, r.a. KT". ^f : IfTi- 
Arbitra'tion, s. ano^Y'V:: ^l*: o»in:: 
Arbitra'tor, s. ^^y. 

ArTjorist, s. PH^^T: ^.T^'l": T°^6" 
Ar'bour, s. DHQ.: R-A: ^A: f^ai^aorq,:: 

Arca'num, s. •TOM'm.C" PTtliDd.: YIC." 
Arch, Arc, s. ^'tlT: Ktrof:: PVS,C'ir>A-fl: 

Arch, adj. 7\f\^:: wngao^_p:: 
Arch, V. a. ^flT: SP^T: l*I<J=:: 
Archan'gel, s. PODaV»V1^: ?kA3»" A.'^: 

Archbish'op, s. RS^fl" 
Archdea'coD, s. A.*?: S ^^1" 
Archdea'conry, Archdea'conship, s. PP J?«|» 

Archdueh'ess, s. ^»C-T^^Yl.'!^:: 

Archdu'ke, s. '^^Q'^^Yi :: ' 

Arch'ed, part. "hTiR: ^tlT: Ronf: PflUd.:: 

Arch'er, s. ^f|'^^: (DC*Pi:: 

Arch'ery, s. 'Pti'V'i: oaCDCfflC" 

Archiepis'copal, adj. pi^i^fi.: ^ i^ i^ <5 : : 

ArchipeFago, s. hcTXA^Alfl:: 

Ar'chitect, s. a^l: hfR.:: 

Architec'tive, adj. n.-'T'i: AO^^"^^: po^ 

Ar'chitecture,s. Ptl^i oxJ^u^^; OOhl*-'!':: 
Ar'chives, s. pcronYlC: ^d/l"- o^fl-nfl 

c c 



( 18 ) 



Archprelate, s. A.'T: i^itfl:: 
Archpres'byter, s. pq>^(D^tl't-: J\A3»:: 
Arc'tic, adj. nfl°Yi: tnjtthtq,: nVl^A: 

Arc'tic circle, s. PfiaqTi: tfO(D-tq,: H-CJ?:: 
Ar'dent, ac//. l-^nijE:: poi;i3»mA:: 
Ar'dently, arft?. nwo^mA:: T3*TA»:: 
Ar'dour, s. OTi3>niA:: PA'll: trojiniA:: 
Ar'duous, adj. i\ti^^i:: 
A'rea, s. nH'l': £.^: ^A: PTYl^T: fl 

Ar'gil. s. h«A:: 
ArgiIla'ceous,Argil'lous,cc//. pfilJA:: llilA: 

Ar'gosy, s. JhA*: paofUpT: aof;Yl-fl:: 
Ar'gue, v.fl. ofq^nViY^:: 
Ar'gument, s. 'Xahi-t-'}: pcn;^!^^:: pan 

Argume'ntal, adj. ooVn^^l: poi]^^ pCD«Tn:: 
Argumenta'tion, s. oooo'}- ■?!•:: ■Jva^i-^^'J: 

""•"IAS-: nowTnYlT'Tt-:: 
Argume'Dtative, orf;. TxCD-i^'i-- A"""IAR-: 

Argu'te, adj. -fiYhtkV" 

A'rianism, s. P2\CP'ft= 'i<{.*5" 

A'rid, «rf/. J^q^:: 

Arid'ity, *. ^£;^:: J^f^^i'Tf:: 

A'ries, s. ^'SIA:: 

Ari'ght, arfv. ^9°:: S-Vi":- 

Ari'se, v.n, Tl^f" 

Aristoc'racy, s. PAi'H'fl: PH9"^f: S'AA 

*^-: PO^IHT'T: A"C*^V:: 
Arith'metic, «. P«I»^'yC= 0Q>4*'t'" 
Arithme'tical, Of/;. fflP: 4^'?C= Oflh^-^: 

Arithmeti'cian, s. P'p'-'VC,' J^*?*^" 
Ark, s. Ark of Noah: PrtJ: ""C'^'O:: 

^ri of the covenant: P^A"- Vl.^1: ^-P't"" 
Arm, s. 5n^:: melon, "it.^ " 
Ann, v.a. 'X3>: CT»0= rtflU" '^•^^A '^ 

Armament, s. PJlC: ""C^P^" PWF°^- 

Armillary, adj. ^AH-l-l: PDHOOflA:: 
Armi'nianism, s. PhC'^t,®'^'^ dhx-W- 

Armip'otent, arfj, >i3>: f»»Ci'J: P^'tilYiy"" 

Arm'istice, s. ThXaV: 3<;.: RM'C^-t-: AT, 

H.9ro: ^Js; p-r^^i; Pffl^-gC^': 04 

Arm'let, *. Little arm: J-rM: ^nj^:: 

Bracelet: Pt^P<J.:: 
Arm'ory, s. Pt^^: fr\(^; ourt-nrtn^^:: 
Arm'our, Arm'or, s. '^3>: P^t^:: PHV^'* 

Armourer, s. P'?k3>: (f^C,: fM.'tV:: nX3»: 
CT>q: ponilpf :: 

Arms, s. y^^z fn^:: PHT"^': >»3'" 

Arm'y, s. U)<5.^'lr;: 

Aroma'tic, Aroma'tical, adj. pil't':: 

Arou'nd, oJu.prep. nH-CJP". H-C" 

Arou'se, v.a. lf\\<^:: 

Aro'w, hdv. irT^jh:: 

Ar'quebuse, s. Pmm^: h^l^:: 

Arrai'gn, v.a. Ylrtrt" 

Arrai'gnment, s. t^ojlrtft:: 

Arra'nge, I'.a. AJW£^c%^: j^^^l:: fiM^C'^'^: 

Arra'ngement, s. ju^mj^f-'j: oq^^"j:: fijtu 

Ar'rant, arfj. >i^T: Vl«J." 

Arra'y. s. PWJO^i ^C^t-.- J^C^i'lr: 

Arra'y, v.a. M'C*^^'?: ?iK«il:: HM^C^'T: 

"hrd." ?iAnrt:: 

Arrea'r, Arrea'rage, s. A^'^^d.A: PTSTIl 

4= PATrtm9»: -flC" 
Arre'st, v.a. ^H:: Yiw»fh.j^: YIAYiA:: 
ArrieVe, s. PIU<J.^^: :S.Af : Yl^A:: 
Arri'val, s. oo,g-<i^fl:: 
Arri've, w.n. ^^tl'-' 
Arrogance, s. YF-d-'V" 
Ar'rogant, adj. ^4fi^: ■^-On.T?':: YhC" 
Ar'rogantly, adv. "fhC.: Ihr:: OK^*!!^" 

Ar'rogate, v.a. pt^J^gnOM: tl(;: m^: 

Ar'row, s. ^A9:: 

Ar'senal, s. P>,3»: rnf;: aortflrtn.^:: 
Ar'senic, s. |>9«: >»A4.C" Ph^PT: cro 



{ 19 ) 



Art,*. flAWt':: 

Art'ery, s. hCtCJP- R^- VlA-fl: P«^ 

Art'ful, adj. H-flA^I-l': Ptfli." -flAU:: 

Art'fuUy, adv. fl-flAWl-:: 

Arthritic, adj. pj^og .■[':; 

Ar'ticle, s. j^aij.^:: rfiA^:: 

Ar'ticle, v. Trt"*?"^:: 

Arti'culate, adj. p&-an^:: p-nA'l':: 5l 

^A": ^q.A»: P-nmiro:: 
Arti'culately, ac/u. nS-o^'T:: HPVl^A: 

Articula'tion, s. fl^o'^'r: •^^rt'"!'"!^":: 
Art'ifice, s. P-flA»IT: (PTlYl'A): ti6." 

Artificer, s. P-n^iHt-: fl6-: 
Artifi'cial, adj. HilAH^: Ptfii.:: 
Artillery, s. ponj^^: cp>e.C^r: 7^$".: 
Art'isan, A rt^:: ?iTP<(i?:: 
Art'ist, s. P-flA^-T: ?k*P'5:: 
Arfless, adj. 'HiiU^: PAAfi'T:: 
Arflessly, adv. JPA: ilAM'"!":: 
As, conj. 1?»^J^:: fl — : and in other difFerent 
ways expressible. He is — rich — you 
are: ■A^^Tr: HAm;!: \(D^: or RHA 
rml'lf : PiLlT-l: ,ponflAA:: As I went 
down: (DR: 3"^"': i1rh.J^: orCD^: 5''^: 
nrh.J^Ii': IH.:: whereas, e.<7. ^s you have 
doneit: ?iTr: h^OWP^^kf - 
Asce'nd, v. (D"\: YlQ,- TTIS.- ^^■^^ 
Asce'ndant, s, ^nS.:^" -HAT:: tro-nAT" 

adj. no.: ^A:: po^O)"!-: 
Asce'ndency, s. oo-nAT" 3.&A:: 
Ascen'sion, s. oii(l>.fri'r :: — of Christ : OC 

Ascen'sion-day, s. n«iA: OO'V" 
Asce'nt, s. O^nT- 
Ascertai'n, r. a- tro^on^:: mP'I»:: 
Ascertai'nment, s. 9»q9"C" "^m P* :: 
Ascet'ic,s.?»ntTfl:: n!hf%:, adj ytl^ 

Tfl:: PH^^^" 

Asciti'tious, adj. PTCaon^:: cp,aq/:: 

Ascri'be.D.a.llHn-'i: ^KO- I ascribed 

it to him: tkCff- 5®'= ?iAli"1': or *>* 

Asha'med, adj. ^A^d,-' 

Ash'es, s. ^iOOJ^":: 

Asho're, adv. nj^CSf- HKC^: 9"^C" 

Ash-Wed'nesday, s. ^Cn : ;?«?»: OD^aoq^: 

Ashy. adj. J^oo.^?:: "Xl^: ?i""J?: JPA" 
Asi'de, adv. nhtm-n- (D^: ?imTn:: K 
Ae^:: <rop. to lay any thing — : ^tk' 
J\A:: (to neglect). 
As'inary, As'inine, adj. X1K= J^tJJP: J? A" 
Ask, v.a. mPI':: Request: A""!:: <5. A!" 
Seek: «5.A7:: "A"!:: Inquire: 00*^004:: 
Ask'er, s. m^'t " A^^^" 
Aslee'p, ndi). ni^A^:: f^^" 
Aslo'pe, arfu CDC^" "H^*: "flA":: «1»^A«I»^ 

Al-: Ihr:: 
Asp, s. OD^H*?": "J^iq-fl:: 
Aspe'ct, s. aq p^ :: 00 All : : 
Asperate, u a. PtVlTriA: "X'J^^in: h^ 

O" PAHO: >»13^^iri: J^K^l- 
Asper'ity, s. 2\A«n'AH'n:: 
Asper'sion, s. WD^tO.^ :: 
Asp'ic, s. i y. Asp. 
Asp'irate, r.a. IhQ,- KAfl — " 
Aspira'tion, s. "XQ.: "flA't-:: '7\^'Jr" 
Aspi're, v.n. >»q.: ?»A:: trop. d.A'1:: A 

— : -rriKA:: 
Ass, s. "M}^:: 

Assai'l, I'.a. a).^<|»n — " «njj»:: 
Assai'lant, s. A^o^PTir: A""9"J"'t": ^Yt- 

A°: PtJ^KCfl: rtd)':"- 
Assas'sin, Assassina'tor, s. n't* ^VhA: IJE^^:: 
Assas'sinate, v.a. flTlTrbA: ^KA:: 
Assau'lt, s. J^-n^: naojE^<j»f|: po^U-j: 

Assau'lt, t.a. J^'il'Y': ^CS*: OKA" 
Assern'Mage, s. OD|*|-nrtn.^:: ooYloqJJ:: 
Assem'ble, v.a. t\f\^f\:: KVl"^^:: A1» 
tio:: ure/. &n. Trtnrtn:: -TYIOT?^:: 
Assem'bly, s. on ft^n rt*!! y : : T- H h. :: 
Asse'nt, v.n. tfioigaq:: 2\g)T: ?i/^:: >^f|^: 


( 20 ) 



Asse'rt, v.a. TtTiS.: "KdMI": -m*!::: ^vdh 

Assei-'tion, s. mjA-t'". tmnj^;; 
Asse'ss, i;.a. iTytlim." "MlCT: IrxR^J-- 
Asse'ssment, s. "|'nC= •"/a>"l-t- :-. 
Assidu'ity, s. hAtro.^'InT":: ou;ji^^:: p 

Assi'duous, arfj. fl^.O)''}: ptnifflj^:: Ylfl 
^: paqyc;^:: 

Assi'gn. v.jj. ri'm^Yrr:: AA.A: ?i«lAfii: 

mil-- fiA-- 
Assi'gnable, arfj. ctoQi^: ptrq_ '■;¥■■ A:: 
As'signa'tion, s. -nC^: Aa"'l»nA: PT^O: 

Assignee', s. Tfl" nA.A: fldP: d.'ij--- A 

orofi<;..^-: ^WA^I-J: PTI^nA: flOp:: 
Assim'ilate, i.a. crartA" >»^K:— : TxS.^l" 
Ass'ist,t.a. Yl — : !Ji>- 'V'poum--- d.S,-'- 

Assist'anee, s. 4$^^:: mjTH:: ovQi^^-.: 

Assi'ze, s. P£;.C.^: h'jl" 

Asso'ciate, r.o. i\'i^'i-'V: h^d.'!-: Yl— : 

Assc/ciate, s. HA"}^'*?." 

Associa'tion, s. ^kI^I^:: nA'iS'O'"^'" '^ 

Assort, v.a. r\,P?x^\'P- tkP"- ,?i,P?»,eit=: 

Asso'rtment,s. oOAP^:: PTAP: ?»^V1' 
Assua'ge.uo. RT- ?4lYT:: ?iO" T\^^^ 
Assua'gement, s. KT: o^rtT'T:: "^C^'l* 

Assua'ger, s. RT: P^yfl^r- flffl':: h«^i5. 

Assaa'sivc, ac//. RT : PO^^rt^- P'^^'"Y 

C6." POH^fill'C*" 

Assu'me, v.a. Q)flS.''- 

Assu'ming, part. ptJij^fflfl^" Presumptuous: 

Assump'tion, s. oud^rtj^:: A postulate: 

sumption of the Virgin: ^Afl'l':: 
Assump^tive, of?;. ■K^^ya^: J? A: 
Aisu'rance, *. 'Jsd^lil-'J: o'JftF'V 
Assure, t;. a. "hm^Vf^: ?»Rr:: "SvCD-i^ 

As'terisk,i.pTnYl'n: (*) V"AVl-"t-: nX-«5.'1^-: 
Aste'rn, arfr. n'TOf^Yl-niliA?: Vl^«^••: In 

""CVlfl: njt.A:: 
Asthma, s. iXT- Porol(5^f|: Ep.TI'-'r:: 

Asthma'tic, Asthma'tical, adj. fl^'V'- ^ti.'-' 
Aston'ish, v.a. 'f\t\^\^'-- 
Aston'ishment, s. ai)_^^cj.:: aij|*ig^^:: 
Astra'y, ac/i. nftfliT-t':: -r^miflH:: To 

go — . a TiiiTniffi-- "11-- ^ £\' ^*^ I i^ - 

Astri'de, adv. "KT^^T: ■T'HC°i'^" 
Astri'nge, r.«. q>-(;T: ?i^Ci= "^H:: The 

bowels: Yx^d.'V-' 
Astri'ngcnt, adj. pin^yflJ^C^:: 
As'trolabe, s. PR.h^'r: PYlT^tn-l': Ylfi, 

:J'-- PO^J-jKn-p: >»3»:: 
Astrologer, s. PlYCD-T: ^'n^i•■^: YlT'n"r 

T: Yltromn*: ?\a>'3'Al>: Pm^A: 

Astrology, s. PYlTVl-O't-: JmYT?: 'RA 

Astronom'ical, ar/j. (DK"- YITVI-O'I': >k(Ih 

•I»-r: pai^'in:: 
Astron'omy, s. ^ifl'VCf"^^" PYlT^O 

Asun'der, aJu. A-nJ'GJ':: AP:: 

Asylum, s. PT^^ll'-T-: oonn"IJ?:: "ooij 

A'theism, s. >k"lH,?\'flrh.CT: ovYiji^:: 
A'theist, .?. ^i-lH.^i-nih.C'i: Pn^VlS*: l"! 

Atheist'ical, ac/;.>»"lH.J\'njh.CJ: P"T.VlJ^:: 

Athir'st, arZe. R^^^l-: 

Athlet'ic, ac/i. T-ATrr?":: *A"l<i,:: 

Athwa'rt, adv. TH^C- 

Atlantic, s. P^vTATtlfl: ^^^rfl:: 

At'las, s. tx^tSl:: 

At'mosphere, s. ?i-t-fl"lTl4.d.:: 

Atone, V. ?il*ljh<*:: aW: ?iK<'l:: 

Ato'nement, s. flH" ^"Y:: 

Atro'cious, acT/. >i^"|: Vl^J.:: 

Atro'ciously, arfi.'. "/^^'T: ll^: h^C'i- 



( 21 ) 



Atro'city, s. Ptni^fl3>mA: ^«1^:: 
Afrophy. s. oo^^; ptnj^fn^Tnn-l-: D 

Attach, v.a. 7\Wd.:: CaoOi^:: MfT" 

Atta'chment, s. oiJCT)f|€{.:: au'jf'Y'l":: flh 

Atta'ck, s. aotfo-^^ .. p ^^ ;; 

Atta'ck, r. a. OD-f.;: /^outd^'Y- : P^'rt:: 

Attai'u, r. 71. g4rt :: i. «. rkTF:: 
Attai'nable, arlj. {D^Ql'l': Po^KCI^n^:: 

Attai'nment, s. ouTj"'^" P^J^T^: nC- 

Attai'nt,ua.?tfliCD4" ?i«1«5.4" ?»d:'lnn:: 
Attemp'er, Attemp'erate, v.a. ^tlti'P:: "H^:: 

ixRCl" "KTrr-A: 2\K«iT:: 
Atte'mpt, v.a. dj\'\" 
Atte'nd, i: To wait: 4'P:: mn«I':: To 

serve: ?\1ATA:: Accompany: TYlTA" 
Attend'ance, s. cro«t»P'"i-:: fnjflin4»:: fJ^tl 

Attend'ant, s. & ac/j. TTOihii:: 7M£\:]^:: 

Atten'tion, s. trofTin^:: 

Atten'tive, adj. mT^:: Po^m-fl^" ?i«1 

n-: PTrtnrtn:: 

Atten'uant, adj. pcn^^fl'fT'}:: Pa^^<i* 

*:: PiJ»/.ynfl:: 
Atte'nuate, u a. ?ifl'l>mi:: T\^'^'P:: T\^ 

Atte'st, V. o. A — : ""illln d; "■: 
Attesta'tion, s. -J^ilslC" 
Attire, s.A-nft:: 11^9°:: a«>rxa.y" 
Atti're, u.a. KAOll:: JtllA"^:: >iKfi.t: 
At'titude, s. 11""'!-:: «"rC" 
Attor'ney, s. oD^'iT:: «pf|:: 

Attra'ct, v.a. i^fl" 

Attrac'tion, s. "ui^-n:: 

Attractive, ac?;. "In. " 

Attributable, arfj. paiiin:: pmiKCfl" 

At'tribute, s. nH-n :: 

Attrib'ute, v.a. TlH-ri: hK«^T:: A — : '^> 

Attri'tion, s. ovQ,Wt.''t"-'. ouj^^^:: axtj^ 
Attu'ne, v.a. poO'll.laCD'T: >»3»: ?»rtt"l 

Avai'l, r. n. fn«J»axi:: 
Avail'able, ad), m il> "^ : : P "^ m * 9" :: 
Ava'nt-guard, s. PW&.X't"- t^TV: \\Q,A" 
Avarice, s.Te.l'>:- tlCl'f:- tl-n^'J: »« 

Avari'cious, ct?;. 'JtJ.T:: fU>:: tl-n'Tl: P 

Avau'nt, interj. Q)1^" 

Avau'nt, v.n. 'I'OTiIri :: 

Aub'urn, adj. A."!": •!»'?:: 

Auda'cious, adj. "^^(5.^: P^^iK^C" '^^ 

«f^'^ : Pinjy Oh* : K4.<5 " 
Auda'ciousness, Auda'city, s. ^^d/V - ^A : 

Aud'ible, adj. ptn^|*jaq:: 

Aud'ience, A'. Hearing: anfiaq^:: Hearers: 

paxifiOU': fig)'-f-:: Interview: OD^f 

Audit,*, ca^.fi: on^fRC:= 

Audit, I. ca<;.i1: oo^fnc= ?^.^«i^" 

Auditory, s. panfitny-: fiq)'^-: l-T?*.:: 
fl-flYl-V: CD^fl: A.A: ■V9"UC"t': P^" 

Ave'nge, v.a. ni>A:: n«S»AT: K^d.1:: 
Av'enue, ». €J« "j q ."i- ; -. aoTfi^jP:: tJDjf 

Aver, v.a. 7^ar-\^: i(!>: Yxfi:: 
Av'erage, s. co'^YlA?': «t»^TC:: 
Aver'ment, s. "S^OM^: ICD-: o^A^:: >»(©' 

!■>: P-TTA: ilC- 
Ave'rse, adj. F n^i K A : : PO^^®^ : : I am 

— : ?iiAa)JE:-9":: 
Aver'sion, s. fi.ti^'^^Gy'^^:: 
Avert, ua. YlAYlA:: tro/^rt:; 
Aug'er, s. tron«l:: al>^J^y:: 
Aught, pron. KI^-'F:: 
Augme'nt, v.a. ?vnH:: v.n. OH:: 
Augmenta'tion, s. nn'fJH'^:: •nj-fiH-'t':: 
Aug'ur, s. miS^:: 
Aug'urv, s. 'n'l»'A:: 
Augu'st, adj. Yl^: jPA:: Pl-aortll:: 



( 22 ) 



Aug'ust, «. ^dhT-A^l^fl:: Wrt.:: 

Avid'ity, s. PYl'TI'^: ooil'l*:: 

Aunt,s, ?illf|-"I*:: 

Avoca'tion, s. Yl — : onf^i.^:: obYIAVI 

Avoi'd. v.a. hi!:: isfl**^:: 

Avou'ch, v.a. y^dyW-i: ?\KO"- ^iCD'M': 

Avow', ua. n^:: 2\A:: 'KOM-ll': 2\KO" 
AvoVal, s. mAR-: TiCD'^-l': PtnA: 11 

Aur'icle, s. o^J^I^: gC- PA-fl: 510,^:: 
Auric/ular, cd/. pcn^rtcnj:: nflCD'C^ P"^ 

Auriferous, adj. WC.^- ^Afl^" 

Auro'ra, s. ip-.: PTT'T: o"Vl<i.3':: 

Auro'ra Borea'lis, s. Prt"^T: -fIC'i'i" 

Aus'pice, s. <J, A " *™ ttl 11 ^ : : 

Auspi'cious, ac/j. J^tir:: 

Auste're, adj. •flQ'!':: 

Auste'rity, s. -llCJ-t-: PM'JJOM: ooJ^-l-: 

Aus'tra], adj. Pjl^fh'fl:: 
Authen'tic, adj. Tx^itV:- "i^aMTf:: 
' Authen'ticate, v.a. "^Ohl^'}: ?iK<T :: 
Authenti'city, s. '?ka>'iT^5'> " 
Auth'or, s. <5."1^:: hJ^^.T," rt^:: 
Author'itative, ad/. J^£i."\'i: ^ACD'". 
Author'ity, s. J^A"11:: 
Auth'orise, v.a. KUIAOll:: AA'A"!'?'}: 

Autog'raphy, s. rtO)': A«J.rh: jPK<,T: Kd/V :: 

Aut'opsy, s. n«S.e^: o^P^" 

Autop'tical. adj. fi(S^' HAaf: P™. ^P" 

Aut'umn, s. O^^:: PO«YlC= 1H." 

Autum'nal, adj. POj^^:: PO"YlC" 

Avul'sion. s. craim^:: 

Auxiliary, adj. K3&:: ?*:3K" P"^4S" 

Auxiliaries,*. 'hTil^'^: ptni^'7H-: (DJ- 

Awai't, v.a. ^Pr. iUil^" 

Awa'ke, v.a. M^z: v.n.\f:: 

Awa'rd, v.a, &,i,^.: Q.C,^'^- V\d.'' llm - 

Awa'rd, s. QX^R:: \V-\\.-- 

Awa're, adj. ponpfly.^:: Are you — : J- 

Awa'y, adj. Prii,j^:: He went — : d^J^:: 
Awe, s. ^q*!'!*:: 

Awful, odj. P«^J?fld.^.:: >»g-T: n^:: 
Aw'fulness, s. 017 fi^^^;. 
Awhi'le, adv. 'l}\,:: 
Awk'ward, adj. ptnj^Tpgn :: ^yf: J?A 


Awl, s. (Dfli^'t-:: CDtlGj:: onfiA^.-. 

Awn'ing, s. pCf^CVin: ^^^cJU^". 

AwoTce, pre<. from Awake : i^*" 

Axe, s. oui^f^:: 

Ax'iom, s. ■i^^^^a)': "S^aM'T-: ^A: P"»J 

Ax'is, s. h^lXfl:: Ji'lj^^: Ptn^LHCn^: 

tro'TnYlA?': MC," 
Ax'le, Ajdetree,|s. PtJO'JVi^^.Vlf;: "oY|VlA 

?: ■i\'JE«?-l': troH{DCJP: PO^HCn-V:: 
Ay, adv. ^v(p^■.: 
Aye, adv. (D''t'C:: 
Az'imuth, s. ?iH.''0''f:: 
Az'ure, s. rto^JpSli: 4>A'7":: Ud^'XSL" 

U) "011.1.:: 

Ba'al, s. •fl'^A:: 
Babe, Baljy, s. rhQT" 
Baboo'n, s. "HI^C" 
Bac'cated, adj. :rrfi: UHryA®':: A-A: 

Bach'elor, s. 9™i1^: PA Ad)-: t\GP:: Pl-"q 

C^: 5'Mi': R«s^41: Vth-XlhCti^-^tl". 
Back, s. j^Cn:: iAi': ^C- 
Back, v.a. fl^A: liSf" aTH:: 
Back^bite, ua. tltV- rtOh: nflOhC: ^^^ 

Back'biter, s. flA: HAlg-^.©': flfKD'C: 

*1^: P'ninC:rta^:: 
Back'door, rtClr*h:: 
Back'ed, fart PJ-IH" P'fKld." 
Backsli'der, s. tl'h^:: Inn'M'l': (DK: U 

m.A'f: TTOAh.:: 
Back'sword, s. tvij^^'. po^^CV: hTA" 
Back' ward, adj. ffij^: ;I_/V: _PA:: 



( 23 ) 



Back'wardly, adv. CDK : "X^ " ®K = ^'^ ' "A 

Ba'con, s. p>»q^: Jui;):: 

Bad, arfj. 5l<J.: >»9"A.:: 

Bad, or Bade, /we<. of to bid. 

Badge, s, t^Aoi|:: Prt(I>: ^•n«i■1': (D^fl: 

Badg'er, «. (D'?T(D'ir: 'Xcyff*'^: patjao 

Baffle, D.a. h^-AA" ?»flK51>:: TriTf : ?i 

Bag, ». «l>,5.m,^:: ?i*o^^:: o^^:: 
Bag'gage, s. poo-ji;^: >^5.:: 
Bail, s. tro<pr|:: *pf|:: 
Bail, D.a, <Prt:: 
Bail'able, orf/. pcn^<pfl:: 
Bai'liff, s. yiQ: tl-^:: oojjn.:: 
Bait, s. iPQ.: (DJSft: t^iH: (D^fl: A.A: 'l?*'? 

Bait, «. ntro-nA: CDJifl: nq,^(D-"f : ?iK 

Bake, i;.a. 314:: ?»:31<i:: v.n. tjld.:: 
Bal'ance, s. o^HT:: H'l'^'PC: nTllimr: 

J?::**?i.:r:: TCft:: 
Bal'ance, u ^ifltVlYlA:: 
Balco'ny.s. Oft'T: KC^: n"^j^: JPA: ""T 


Bald, arfj. <5.rt: q:J.:: i.rt: Hi.:: od/v«t):: 

Bald'ness, s. 9»AT" — of the whole head: 

i.rt: TJ^iTP" Bald-patedness : i.fl: n 

Bale, s. n"^¥: l-fl-f-: AC™rtKJf = P:3"U) 

Baleful, at//, po^^nin:: ^^Ji- 

Ball, s. 2\<^C" ^fi" 

Bal'last, s. nAfl-T- AonoJin^r: AO^ft 

f'V: -n^: (DK: ""CTn-fl : Po^lH: ■>»3':: 
Balloon, s. nA-T- P14.i^= ?»4C" 
Ballot, s. Atrogn^it: P«i^KO- i^d,C"- 
Balm. s. KUf: pan«J>n9n: fj-p:: 
Balsam, s. PHArt?": ooj^:}!,^:: KUf: 


Balsamic, arf;. >^^K: tlgifll": ^A:: 

Bamboo', s. pho»A: h^i't"-: 

Ban, s. P"IA»: WC:: "^C1^" •"'(D'T 

•H:: TH'r:: 
Bana'na-tree, s. OO'TI :: 
Band, s. tnjlJUCJ?:: 
Band'age, s. otJTl?':: aijUJCS'" 
Bandit'ti, s. •paufVp:; 
Bandolee'rs, s. m^A.C^:: AOOAT-y": P 

•rnS: n^Kr- a)K«™inYi9"n^: "hs*:: 

Bane, s. tmCH:- T4."^"- 

Ba'neful, arfj. ao(;H9":: J^T*?.:: 

Banians, s. m^f "^ :: Ptn,^-: Th^^ 

Banish, v.a. Vn^: ?ia>''?'-¥": rtKK- 
Ban'ishment, s. fl.^'^:: 

Bank, s. Pffl'i'H: J^C" P-flO ""AfflRl:: 
Bank-bill, s. -nCi: iTimVl: AOTt^HA: P 

Bank'er, s. -flOf: (DQ^T: iW^-- fl 

Bankrupt,*. O^OM: ob^(S,A: flAA^A: 

"iS^OJ''?: AHA^^-: pu^rtT: iKD':: 
Bank'ruptcy, s. OgOM: ""1l<5,A: P«^^ 

3^A: rt(D':l'n4'V:: 
Ban'ner.s. PUJ^^'I-: «iA"g:: PUJi.*S^: 

Ban'quet, s. :!' A^ : «?« :i1 :: 
Bap'tism, s. TTo*!*^:: 
Baptis'mal, adj. P'VT^'Pt'" 
Bap'tist, Bapti'zer, s. 2\Tcn3«^^:: an»pon^:: 
Bap'tistry, s. iroTtro^jp:: 
Bapti'ze, v. a. ?\tlloroq>:: 
Bar, V. 2\h>4" YIAYIA:: 
Bar, s. ouhT'CJP" oaG)C.(DC.y:: 6.CJ?= 

Po^KOn^: fiq.«^:: 
Barb, v.a. d,d,tn: {l^: (nQ: J^AOrt:: 

ACa-.: Aa.Ag: "»^'vr(D'1: ^KO" 
Barba'rian, s. hC^^: rtOJ-:: 
Barbar'ic, arfj. "S^Tlj^:: pa™I^Ty«fn:: 
Bar'barism, s. h.A'"]®*:: "XlK: i^Q'E: 

ororC:: Po^^Ttgo: nq: fflJEfl: » 

Barba'rity, s. Kt^^i't':: 
Bar'barous, adj. ?i(^*B:: 



( 24 ) 



Barh'ed. part. R-"?": JPAd)':: 

Barb'er, s. Al?*:: 

Bard, s. *i: YtKri.l:: 

Bare, cwT/. ooA"l " "kiJ.T.-V " 

Ba'refaced, adj. E<{.i:: PTIAX" 

Ba'rely, adv. -fl^:: 

Bai/gain, «. '^'P^^frU:: 

Bar'gain, v. n. ^ao^o^o:: 

Barge, s. J-ftl : f«»CVl-ll " 

BarU'la, s. ^Ur: ii:^ll :: 

Bark, s. AT"- P>kTEOr-"r: *CQ.'t'" :^ 

Bark, un. Ti-}.^: OX'h: P^Tl" ^C^'l''}: 

Bark'er, s. "J^-JK: (D'h: CaTlX:: 

Barley, s. 1-flfl:: 

Bar'ley-com, s. Pl-nfl: ^Tn-T" 

Barm, s. J^TA" 

Bam, s. P>»yA: aoYlt^:: 

Barom'eter, s. nCono^^C" P?»PC= Vl-fl^: 

Baromet'rical, Of?;'. pri(^ao^Q:: 

Bar'on, s. nt^T" PJ-AA*?^^: rt^)^: "" 

Bar'oness, s. Pfttil: •/°ri^" 

Bar'onet, s. PJ-AA*^: It'^V: oroc^^T:: 

Bar'ony, s. PIl^^T: T-A'T" 

Bar'rack, s. PCDlTKC^: O.'l':: 

Barrator, s. ?kftnr)^:: P^C^: """1'^+ = 

Bar're], s. nC*"l^"' 

Bar'ren, adj. otdVi'}:: 

Bar'renness, s. auYi'^'i^ :: 

Barrica'de, v. a. «I'X4" 

Bar'ricade, Barrica'do, s. ^R-C" 

Bar'rier, s. VlA^^" 

Bar'rister, s. Ai:^*^" P6.C^= '^®'" 

Bar'row, s. aDJl VlVy" S'^^H == 

Bar'ter, I'.n. A(Dm:: T'lPm" 

Bar'ter, s. ACD-T:: 

Bases. ODUJ^^:: 

Base, flc(/'. Yl ^: : 

Ba'seness, *. KD'C- M*Pa>C" 

Bash'ful, «4;. Yy4.&" 

Basil'icon, s. P^a: ?».eTi-1*:: 

Bas'ilisk, s. 5ri«J.: TkH-fl" Hl^" 

Ba'sin, Ba'son, s. Tfl J- :: J^Vj :: Wash-Bason ; 

Ba'sis, s. ononj^.-|-:: 

Bas'ket,s. ^f^JXl'r" Yl<i.C"- Brcad-5a.sArf» 
are: ^7«^r«l,:: (MAIAO ami qn«^ 

Bass, s. PAT^SlTA: PTAT : >."IC" P 

Bas'tard, s. ^U»A" 

Bastardize, v. A^T: K.3'A: iOM KA" 

J^^S'AOhT: (DAK:: 
Bat, 6. PA.'r: PQ.-- 
Bate, I. J\«1irt:: ■h.CDd,^" 
Bath, s. UoiJTD:: U^IV: Po^gOn-T: 

Bathe, v a. UayTU; ?»g41:: lACD'T: U-A- 

1 :(!>:}: ^'fl'1r■: KX'l:; 
Batoo'n, s. O'lhC" 
Battalia, s. PH^^^I^: JUi(;c^-> :: 
Battalion, s. P\X}6.%'V: >»"JC?'^: tiQ,6v- 

SE!:CD^fl: SE:- Po^ytJA:: 
Bat'terj, s. ov^^: ^nqn; pm^TTrbfin't": 


Bat'tle, s. a>;3 "l" : : H "7" 3^ : : 
Bat'tle-array, s. PHT^'if: AW^Ci-l':: Pffl^ 
J^C: POW'^oiJl'tD': M'C'^-T: OHT^J':: 
Bat'tlement, s. Pflrt- : 0)^1*1: PTJO-fl: 

Bav'in, s. P:MU<^: n^T^: >»'5CEfe"t':: 
Bawl, v.n. P*Tl:: 

Bay. s. T-O'l-:: t^qYlP-T-: Pcn^.PC.jtn^: 
nthCV": (DK: 9"J^C: (DK^T.'I'in't-: 

Bay-salt, s. PTflhC: c^ay-:: 

Bay'onet, s. np-^^:: I^A'^'I':: 

Bdellium, s. •JIKAP'T:: 

Be, un. ifl>':: ?\A:: ITl:: As auxiliary it 
generally constitutes the passive form of 
verbs, f.<7. 'JAK: he revealed; T1AR: he 
was revealed. 

Beach, s. PO^^J: ^C" 

Bead, s. t\V^^: esp. a sort of oblong beads, 



( 25 ) 



black and white. White — : HO!^-TttV.: 

Another sort is '^■^^•A : <^.E^:: Bed — : 

Bea'd]e,s.:rri1: h-T":: P^.^g': ^:JK" 
Beak, s. PfJ^: 3\q.:: 
Beam, s. of wood: oorti'i:: (JUOA:: A 

weaver's — : pHo^Jl,: aiJfnJ|>/^y:: — 

of light: P-nCWT: ^^A:: 
BeBLm.v.n.Yxm." RKA" -nAEP-ACP-: ?tA:: 
Bean, s. ?l_^i^:l,ti:: 
Bear, .v. ^^-fl :: 
Bear, I'. To bring forth : (DAK" To carry 

TflYlPO:: To — witness: ovf]\i^: 

Bear with me : ^lU)^ " To — distress 


Beard, s. R-9"" ll'iin'Y': whiskers. 

Beard'less, adj. R-^D; pA-AO^:: 

Bear'ing, .«. wojTInT":: «rof j^:: Propor- 
tion: ?i-rjPP-T:: Patience: ooj['-jaw:: 
->0"1M''^" The — children: »H(D-/\J^:: 

Bear'er, s. Tniio^" 

Beast, s.>»Tfl"1:: ^CB" 

Beast'ly, adj.ytnR: >i^fl»l[: .PA:: P"i\T 

fl"^:: hC'B"- 
Beat, f. a. ou^T:: ^11^0:: To outdo: -V^ 

Beatific, Beatifical, adj. AHAA9": RUT 

1-T: paii^KCrt:: 
Beatifica'tion, s. PHAA7": KtJ^i'*^:: 
Beat'ify, v. (D^- HAA9": K^n*^: ?»K 

Beat'ing, s. 01170^.1-:: 

Beat'itude, s. f}aq^x^: •psfirir:: PHA 


Beau'teous, Beau'tifui, adj. cro^iiTD:: _p 

IR?:: (D-fl:: 
Beautifully, ac/y. ooAln9«: U-f:: r^f^O- 

Beautify, v. a. ^fiotld,:: hfllR:: ?ill 

Beauty, s. 1^" flVOV:: ooAViyiiV-r:: 

Because, co;y. ft A:: O— : "™Vnjpt-:: 
_{•:: Because o( him: ftAO'r-:: nCXV- 

^^^Yny-'V- or no^Vnyi^:: Bccnuse 
thou hast done this: J^TT: ^1151: flA 
K<;^«: or ?iTr: JKUn: J'lJ^ClWAr:: 

Beca'lm,uo. ?k«1«!:<5.:: XT: ?»rt?:: ^9": 

Beck, s. tTOT'Tfl:: woT"!)!!:: T^th:: 

Beck'on, r.n. m^ft :: 

Beco'me, v.\T\-- To be proper : TTl : 

Beco'ming, adj. ptn^in:: P"Tm :: 

Beco'mingness, *. TiTHTl:: 

Bed, .«. 9""JM^:: ""'llT:: 

Bedaw'b, V. a. All'i:: A«I»A^:: AnOl:: 

Bed'ding, s. 9^'^KQ," 

Bede'ck, v. a. TxiXXV." ?» h A "" : : 

BedeV, v.a. T^-"t-: "Al^: nm^: ^Kl:: 

Bed'lam, s. P>»-fl^^: a^:: 

Bed'rid, ac/j. nfhc"i«7«: Af™^3': P'S'UJ^" 

Bedstead, s. ?\a:1:: P9"^8^: ?»A:3:: 

Bee, s. T'fl:: 

Beef, s. PA"?": (DJZfl: POei.: ^"3" 

Beer, s. tiA:: 

Bee'tle, s. -n^.-ni'l-:: 

Beeves, s. nC^" 

Befa'l, r.n. \T\:: 

Befi't, tJ.a. -rn:: 

Befo're, prep. n<L'V:: n^^^oocy" ?ifl'l» 
JS^qin:: H'TK^?":: Before me: fld-i::: 
Before T do this: JEUTiT: "llAKCT:: 

Befo'rehand, or/i-. n<L'^':: noi^fioo^p:: 

Befrie'nd, v.a. CD^j^^'V: 7\^^J\^.■. 

"Be^, V. t\00\" d,AT:: "KH:: 

Bege't, f.o. (DAK" 

Beg'gar, s. A"^^:: 

Beg'garly, ac/y. ■K^K: AO^"!:: arfj. PAn»l 

1:: Aonq^T: pa^tronA:: 
Beg'gary, s. oo^au-}:: A'"»r:: 
Begi'n, r. ^OO^:: 
Begin'ning, s. oi»^aon»-- 
Bego'ne, in lerj. tWj^". (DI^K* : : 
Bego't, Begot'ten, part. pass, of to beget. 
Begui'le.r.a. ?»:rAA:: TTlYl'A:: Jl^lA:: 



( 26 ) 



Begu'n, part. pass, of to begin. 

Behalf, s. ooYnyT :: In — : flA :: A — :: 

Beha've, v.n, hK«^l:: 

Beha'viour, s. tnjJ^O- J'l^ih.J^:: 

Behea'd, v.a. 6.flli: ^^.m:: hTl^l: «|»- 

Behe'ld, par?, pass, from /o behold. 

Behe'moth, s. 'n*i*">"Tf :: 

Behi'nd, prep. fl^A " 

Beho'ld, v.a. 2\P:: T tnJAYlT:: imp. "Ss^:: 

Beho'lden, part. ptn][JpaDft°|'}:: I am — to 

you: ?iaort'ni|AU':: ^K^H.^-nth.C: 

Belioo've, Beho've, v. n. "f IT :: 
Be'ing.s.^Tf^^:: Essence: otJlf}:; UA*B:: 
Bela'bour, v.a. nRliy.:: >»S'°I: bo J-:: 
Belay, r.a. cro^^J^■•i: YIATTIA:: 
Belch, v.n. Tuj :: 

Beldam, s. R-A: PCD^K^: fht-:- 
Belea'guer, v.a. (hlCi:) AO^OMl^: IKD 

It-RQ"^: Innn:: 
Bel'fry, s. P^CDA: oraimAmAy:: 
Belie', v.a. (iflOr-: AjE: ^^: Tn^" 
Belie'f, *. aqoD'}:: J\i^-fi:: Religious — : 


Belie' ve, u 2\on»i:: ?irtn:: To seem: era 
rtA:: ?\A:: He fceZiered in him: ?iOO 
\t\t--: I 6e/ieied it to be so : 'Tt'^Z.V : >i 
l^lfj: ?»rtni>:: T^'i^V- Plfi: $L 
""flAl:5nCU'" 'K'5SLti:ia^:hAU-:: 

Believ'er,s.9n>k7nl:: p^.^nl^T^n:: P 
"HJf9»1:: ?iO«JT:: 

Beli'ke, adv. •TTAn^ :: 9"rAn"'1^:: 

Bell, s. A little — : '^Xl'-i-"- A large— : 

Bell-metal, s. P^QA: 9":rA:: IVflf: *C 
*C= TSn A'T':: 

Bel'low, v.n. >i1P: 11 «S.: CO-tl:: 

Bel'iows, s. OBfZjP:: fflffi.:: 

Bel'lv.*. IPJf:: 

Bellman, s. ^'p.-6.(D-'i- h.VS:^: mAS: 

•rr:i^: rta>:: 

Belo'ng, r.n. TlH-fl: ICD^:: P — : \&:: 
A — : id).:: (DIT: ^(D-:: It te/on^rs to 

me:niHa:l(D':: Pi: 1(0-:: Al: 1(0':: 
or PI: (Dll: \(D^:: 

Belov'ed, adj. PfOy^S,:: (D-J^:: 
Belo'w, adv. n;^^:: 
Belt, s. oocpY.-j':: oo^fn*^:: SZ"^- 
Bellwe'ther, s. ooi^Oh'}: pn^ttUi^: p 

Bemi're, v.a. fltP-J*: 4^1:: fltP'S': ?»<; 

Bemoa'n, I'.a. ?kA«I»l*|:: ?kHi:: KCDP:: T 

j2:: ?iiA:: 
Bench, s. tsu^ana^:; 

Bench'er, s. n^C,^- on«i»oi]cq.: Ptn][«|»cnj 

Bend, r.o. ?i>nm:: "H*: 3%K41" ?imn 

A:: To — abow: «l>fl'n: Amm:: 

Bend'able, at/;, (roi-m*: Pc^J'A:: Of a 

bow: paT;^AmT:: 
Benea'th, prep. 11^^:: 
Benedic'tine, s. Ptl.i.S^Yl'Ptl: fJ^l 

n^Yl-TA: qnlYlrt,:: 
Benedic'tion, s. 9^^^:: 

Benefac'tion.s. nT-l-t-:: P^^C^ ""flfll'l': 
Benefact'or, Benefac'tress, s. n*i: ?\^d.1.: 

G-^Ci: fxRi.1:: a.*C^: ?»Jti-<^^t5i 
Be'nefice, s. PaT: ?lCf11:^T: ^A-^-:: 
Beneficence, s. flT-i'Tt":: ^^C" ^^4"!:: 
Beneficent, adj. n"): Ptn^^^QT:: ^t):: Q 

^Ci: P09.^RC.1:-- 
Benefi'cial, adj. pcn;j,fn*l*7":: 
Benefi'ciary, s. PaT: VlCi^1:^^: ^A'l': 

^Ad)-: rtfD-:: 
Be'nefit, s. T^n^:: ^'fl:: 
Benev'olence, s. ^C.i'V:: €i,^C'.: 
Benev'olent, ac/;". "fC,"- 
Bengal, s. nm:JA: POH.rt<5.: PTT: 

Beni'ghted, par<. n A A.'T: pai;{^'ptJO'i>:: f| 

oo^<5.•1'E1•: taAO^: JPA:: 

Beni'gn, ad;. 'fC,'-' 

Beni'gnity, s. ^*CiT:: fl'M^:: ^^-C- K 

L> 2 1 • ■- 

Be'nison, s. •70f^J[>:: 

Bent.s.oo'hnT:: ooH^nA:: afO(D,^j^.. 

Benu'mb, v. a. titlRi*^ :: ^^.i^d.:: 



( 27 ) 



Bequea'th, v. a. Yv(Dd.fl" 

Beque'st, s. C^fl'l*:: 

Berea've, v.n. «I>a^:: ifU'l':: (DrtK" 

Ber'gamot.s. nCTI^'f" P^do- ft^\^-- 

Bernard'ines, s. PnCfCJ^T: M'C^l'l-: P 

Ber'ry, s. :frri: ^do" Berry of the dog- 
rose: «|»3:: 
Ber'yl. s. -n^A.:: H./V-C- 
Besee'ch. v. o. AtJOi :: Tcrq A A " ' 
Bese't, ua. naw^^JE^: fiaotp-.: ?»fl«I>aD 

m- Innn:: YiaYia- 

Besi'de, Besi'des, pr. Yl — : 11 ^C*' TTI — : 

Besie'ge. i.a. (MCTO Atroohrt^: nffill" 

KC'^: Innn:: 

Besmea'r. i.a. Afll:: nCTTTfl: ttC: ^H" 

^i^Tn-rt" 2\'lK«5." AI'A*:: 
Besmu't, i.a. 'V^CJ^- hJ^-C/i: hd.'Ofl-: 
Be'som, «. aof^^iy.: outhflTC^- 
Bespeak, t. a. hA" >ii1,: ?irtT:: ?i:l'A 

A" ?»HH:: 
Bespo't, u.a. im-fl"!-!!: ?vKOn— :: 2\ 

Besprin'kle, v.a. #^CQ.:: 

Best, at//. PtnA" 

Bes'tial, adj. >»^K: >»niflO: ^A" P>»Tffl 

Bestir, r. a. ?k«^T!>El1>rt:: ^CDYI" To 
— oneself: •r;jKA" ^Yh-A:: 

Besto'w, v.a. llm- 

Bestrew', i;.a. fl'Tln — - 

Bestri'de, v.a. ^^A<5.n — :: 

Bet,v.n.^T'P--: a)6.d.Z" 

Bet, s. (D'C^- 

Beta'ke, i.a. ?»K^.: rtm- To — oneself : 

Bethi'nk, v.a. jMlfl:: 

Beti'de, r.n. ITi:: ?ilT:: 

Beti'mes,nc?u+A":: <5.T*r:: 

Beto'ken, v.a. ?itJOAYlT:: lAX" ?»•>?:: 

Betray, v.a.2\''lAG:: rtm"- 2\fl,PH::nAR:: 
Betro'th, v.a. ?itR,:: 

Betro'thment, s. uyttl:: tnjCO.'t':: 

Bet'ter, a<//. PThA:: prnjiil^:: 

Betwee'n, Betwi'xt, prep. flcn/TlA-: 11 """Ti 

YlA" n— :: 
Bev'erage, s. oamT" 
Bewaia, v.a. ?vA«l'rt:: 2\Hi:: hfflP" 0) 

^: 2\A:: 
Bewa're, v.n. •tfU^'P^" 
Bewil'der, i;.a. J^ilT" ?»flJP.^'l'" 
Bewitch, v.a. htia^'V:—" qfl 

otjif: Js^TAA" ?»:rAA:: 
Bewra'y, v. a. lAX" 
Beyo'nd, prep. (DK^JP- J^Afil:: Beyond a. 

river: nofl^" 
Bian'gulous, ad/. IhA^^ o*}'HT: ^ACD*:: 
Bi'as, ». :J^. A :: 0"inn^:: 
Bias, u.a. ?\n^:: 1^: tx^^dj"- IHIH:: 
Bi'ble, s. ODR-thq.: ^^f|:: 
Biblical, adj. pauf^d^Q.' *^fl:: "K^K- 

Bi'bulous, adj. "A^K: ll^M: ^A" 

Bice, s. Ut^'i^.K.: «I>A'?«:: 

Bid, v.a. hHH:: Tooffer: >krt"lAlh: hA" 

Bid'den,parMnvited: P^gou:: •Commanded: 

Bid'der,s. >»rt«TiAlJ-: PO™lA: fl(D^". 
Bid'ding,s.'fr'i\H'H:: aqgyo;: >irtniAlh: 

Bident'al. adj. IhA'r: 'VCfl: JPAd^:: 
Bien'nial, adj. IhA'T: ?ioro^: pu^rq:: p 

IhAl*: ?iOO^:: 
Bier, s. P«5.«1: ODhYTraj?:: 3»«f;.H:: 
Bies' tings, s. "hTi^i.:: Lud. 
Bifa'rious, ac?/. 1^A'^^:: 
Bif'erous, adj. fitmf};: qoO'fi-: UhA^: T.H.: 

6,'^(I)'1: Pcn^Jk'iS.i.:: 
Bifid, Bif'idated, ac(;. nU-At": PTrtiCn«t":: 
Big, adj. -J-Ai^:: a)Q.d.9":: Pffld.^." 
Big'amy, s. IhA'l-: 9"i1'l-^l: od^T^:: 
Big'ot. s. P^kTWAYi'Tfi: °qj^*e: A^gj^*: 

nunmnn^: -tlCt*: JPA: »i£agf -PI: 

iXf "I: I'KD':: 
Bi'gotry, s. Ji'^nAln^l: Ao^.K': •HCI': 

Bile, s. 2\qn-1':: 



( 28 ) 



Bil'ious, adj. h^P't^: _poooD:: 

Bill, s. a bird's — : PPQ,: YxQ^:: A written 

Bill of accounts : j^'Il P fL '•: 
Bill of Exchange, s. Poo/%(Drt},: CD*^*!"*!':: 
Bil'let, s. :^^h : P'r>i<5.n-r: a)<i1''>:: P'} 

Bil'low, s. oijOnA:: tfo'i^:: uvd^^:: 
Bin,*. ptiO'fiiJvr: pou^'p: avfCY" 
Bind, V. ?»UJ4:: To — books: T<:^H:: 
Bind'uijj, s. of a book : "V^.TI :: 
Biog'rapher, s. PfYiJKCD'l-T: -j-iYl: H^:: 
Bioff'raphy. *. pa^Ai®'"!': -y-i^:: 
Bi'parous, Of//. ou'J^TCD''}: P'P^-t(D£v^:- 
Biped, s. ll^A-V: "/^"IC,: yA(I>: Q,T <»,■>:: 
Bipefalous, adj. U-A-l" ^mA"- ^A'l-: (?i 

Bird,*, f ^:: 

Bird'lime, s. {JQ^i po^^JP'Hn'l': ai>.^:: 
Birth, s.A^'t-:: 
Birth'right, s. nYl^O''^" 
Bis'cuit, s. P }1 fl aij ^ : : 
Bise'c^ V. a. fl IhA '"r- : 'N <('. f !1 : : 

Bish'op, *. J^Xi^^^J^f'- 
Bish'opric. s. P?^R.fl«t»J*fl: T-A^:: 

Bissex'tile, s. /'»,P?i<I.T?': tvon'V: Tx'iK:- 

Bit, *. The biting : au-jYlfl:: oo^^^Z: 

A — of bread : 'p-d.ti : >i'J j?"*!.:: 
Bite. s. ptn^xODj^: jpu|: ou-jYlfl: Hoo 

Bite, v.a. iYlrt" \S.^-' 

Bifter, at/> ou^C:: mj^.^.:: Wormwood 

is—: ^^rtTfi: .E""<;.A:: 
Bit'teruess, s. ao^.Qi-t-:: 
Black. o((/. 'VI^C- 1'<* "^^ ""■ «^*''i" 

To make— : ?ifn4»-4" 
^lack, s. T'l'^^'^:: 
Black'en, v.a. ?irn*l»-4" 
Black'smith, s. p-fl^T: Tx'i^^.V-- 
Blad'der, *. ^V-- 
Blade, *. of herbs, corn, &c. ^mA- — of a 

saw: aup-Hi: — of a knife: ' 

Blain, «. *I>*flA:: 

Blame, *. X-J?«5„:: T*IP«5.:: lUJX" CD'Ml" Yl 


Bla'meable, ac//. patia)'l>fl:: ia>'C= ^^ 

Bla'meless, adj. hOrC.: PAAHl^:: ^A: i 

(D-O PTTT:: 
Blanch, r. WH" lEp,: ?iKO" 
Bland, at//. Hl^:: PTtl - 
Blandish, D.a. n8<i.m: 'ilQ: CDR: fl(S)-: 

A-fl: Ki^rt:: 
Bland'ishment, *. A-n : Pf"^:^AAn'^: PH 

Blank, *. q^: fie.<5.: no«»di^:: -^4.(0- 

^: hAini'lT-1-:: 
Blank. a(7;. n ^ : : j? A!" 8 <i. : : 'i CI?* : : 
Blanket, s. PIJ"/: X>C: odtx^^:: 
Blasphe'me, r.a. rt.P.fl:: 'rOKfl:: 
Blas'phemous, at/;, rt^n.:: 'f'^J?,!!.:: 
Blas'phemoiisly, of/y. ["JJ^P:: Ti^i^P:: 
Blas'phemy, *. ll^^-n:: "o:"!^-!!:: 
Blast, s. Jt^'JlT: pini^crorti:'},!^!*!:: P*^ 

AYiI-: ^9n»:: 
Blast, v.a. (q>m AT:) ?»*!:i<i,:: ?im4.:: Yl 

'Its: ^Jt:4'l" Hd-: 
Blaze, s. inAHA:: Icp-: im-fl^in: n<i.<i 

fl: AJ^:: 
Blaze, (. -nAcP-AEp.: ?iA:: 
Bleach, v.a. icp.: hfir?;!:: 
Blea'ched, pari. Pi 8:: 
Blear, adj. P<5.HH:: A9":: 
Blear'-eyed, adj. AT":: f^SLi-: P«5.HH:: 
Bleat, v.n. "Alg: O"!: Ct^Tl:: 
Bleed, t).n. ^7«: (D"l:: '-a. g"?"!: Kffl 

"l:: K'JF»1: ^K^rtrt:: 
Blem'ish,*. ou£;Yi,fi:: (^Yl^rt^:: 0^"^:: 

trop. im^Qz: ^A'^-H:: 
Blem'ish, t.a. K^i^Vl-ll:: Tx^y.^:: 
Blend, v.a. J^nA1>:: 4'AI'A:: 
Bless, v.a. n^^Yl:: To pronounce a blessing: 

Bless'ed, Blest, part. PTT^iYl:: 

Bless'ing,*. n<:^Yl''t":: Benediction: 7«C;^:: 

Blind, Of/;. OlD-C" 



( 29 ) 



Blind, *. pornfiYi'l': oo^^P :: 

Blind'ness, s. OtD-O-l':: 

Blind'fold. arf;. <^^l-: floomTomT^JP: P 

Blind'vvorm, s. Pn-fl: hjiit".: 
Blink, i;.n. •flACP-ACSJl.: ^lA:: V^^: ?i 

Bliss, s. gfl^:: 

Bliss'ful, adj. ^f|: pa^A" 

Blister, s. (DJ: J?An^: l^-flA" 

Blis'ter, r.a. Q);}: PooAfi'^: •t'-fjA: fl"" 

Blithe, Blith'some, ac/j. ^fl: ^A:: 

Bloat, r. 71. h n f n : : v. a. ?ii1n m : : 

Bloat'eduess, s. tJ^JflT:: 

Block, 4. jhA*: a>e.«5.9n7n: ■>k3tie-"l': (D 

Block, r.a. oo'Jl^-?: ViaYIA:: H;):: 

Blocka'de,s._pl{;: oo-h;}^: Yunj^: H^J^:: 

Blood, s. J^T":: 

Blood'hound, s. P^*?": CD''!:: 

Blood'shed, s. K•?»^: DKi^hfl:: 

Blood'shot, ar/j. ^'/D: PTI'A'fAn'l-:: 

Blood'y, at//. PK9":: ^aafr. ^fpi. pau 

Bloom,*, ^m-.: /rop. K«r: T.H,:: y.UTlT:: 
Bloom, Bloss'om, v.n. 'f\ntl:- 
Bloom'ing, Bloom'y, adj. iX^-fl-fi " JFH O :: 
Bloss'om, s. ?\m :: 
Blot, s. 14»^"l:: ^i^K"^." 
Blot, r. n. A/5.:: f.a.To — out: ,i1»:: ^»m 

X.:: "I*!:: 
Blow, r. -ho.: ?»A:: Yd.rt:: ?kr«J.:: ""iT:: 
Blow. s. ■>ie.:^" (HJ^n-J-'l-:: A — in the 

face: ovi{Q^y:: 
Blowz'y, at/;. /LfJ: i^'h^- PiKK:: 
Blub'ber, s. ^i*fTn^: flH:: 
Blubber, v. 'l-^tP-: 'hfl1n.,P'n'P: JL^^'^fJ: 


Blud'geon, .s. a)e.«5.9°: n'TC- 

Blue, ac/;. rto^;yE:: 

Blue'ness.s. floV^'fL- fAI":: 

Bluff, adj. nVl(h.K/. Yia^f: K4.^-: 

Blun'der, s. T "Iff fi" T " 1^ ^'t' "f = = 

Blunder, r.ri. ^^A" '^f" t^^:: HAtnj 

Blun'derbuss, f. a)^«5.7": i«iT:: 

Blunt, adj. M-A: PA-AOh:: .PA«lA:: pi|^ 
A-^cpi:: >A^<i.:: Tobe — : >AK<5.:: 

Blunt, v.a. ?»;^A°^q°:: 

Blunt'ness, s. od^a^J^T^O)'!':: "bA^^ 

Blush, r.n, IfTi^^^: P-Ti"*: «1>A:: 

Blush, s. P'5^«'/"r: otj^A'1-:: 

Boar, s. ?ia^<;.: >.CJP:: 

Boast'er, s. T"»Tn.:: 

Board, s. PlCOf^: •1^3':: Maintenance: 
9n"in:: Court: iItJ:: 

Board, v. a. i^'i^GP'i: 2\Anm :: To main- 
tain: ODin:: 

Board'er, s. nA.A(D': WiK"- VPOi-'i: fl 
T-f-: P<"inA:: 

Boar'ish, adj. "K^g: ?iC*E- JPA:: 

Boast, s. 't-T^Yltl'l*:: 

Boast, v. faoYi:: 

Boast'ful, adj. ptn](_onoVi :: 

Boast'ingly, adv. T""Vl-t*:: 

Boat.s. p-1-:: S^fil: *™CVTn:: tTlTon*:: 

Boat'man, s. HAP-V:: 1A: "l?"!!-^:: 

Boat's wain, s. P«J"Clnnf'Y-: T\t\$'-: 

Bode. v.a. POT;^tro«Tn(D'T: ilt^: n'l»K'/«: 

Bod'iless, 'lA: PA-AO)*:: 

Bod'ily,ac?/. pnA:: l^'Ei" i^;j%.: Pf*j;}:: 

Bod'kin, s. (DfEG^:: oijfi,^^^::: 

Bod'y, s. lA:: trop. 7\'iy;'i'l':: tpq'^iuC.:- 

Bod'ycloaths, s. P^^^^fl: A-flfl:: 
Boil, f.n. «5.A:: v.a. ?i«i,A:: •P'i'A:: 
Boil'ed, parf. ^A-:: P<5.A:: PT'I'I^A:: 
Boil'er, s. im^j^y:: poo^A't*: >»3»:: 
Boist'erous. «(/;. 149": P(«J^A:: CftTl'l' 
{•: U-YlV: Pcn^^KCJ" CELTTi.:: Ih 

Boist'erously, adv. (I ttfcTl '"f :: H IhTfl i' = : 

Bold, a(/j.K4.^:: 

Bold'en, v.a. A-n: ?iKO" ?»K<5.4:: 

Bold'ly, adv. n.K'^*^-!-:: 

Bold'ness, .s. ^^4^"1-:: 

Bole, s. OD^.-i- :: py^; onft^c; JP:: 



( 30 ) 



Boll, ». PT^A: >»^C: (D^fl: Mjl,:: 

Boll,r.n. tVi/S: MJ^^CD-I: ^kO)"!:: 

Bo'lster, «. ouYljS^:: 

Bo'lster, v.a. K^<5." *Pnmd.:: 

Bolt, s. P^g-: aoh>Cy" Pffl'f: ""ffl 

Bolt. r. ?\i1><^:: ^«t'^'J: !<{." <Dii(D*::: 
Bolt'er, s. ^'t't': Po«ii4.n^: hnq:: 

Bolus, s. ptro.^:ji.->: rrrfj: ?»*?:C" 

Bomb, s. P«?n-n:: "^1^^= JPAfl't": P»o 

Bomba'rd, v.o. P9»P^T: TTOrt" 
Bombardie'r, «. P7"P^T: PiniTTn°f|: (D 

Bombard'ment, s. PP«|»p>f-: oo-fTf^fi:: 
Bomba'st, », PilC^ "°^4.'1'" Yllf : ^9" 

Bon'as'us, s. pifl: ?i,C^-"l-:: 

Bond, s. mjUJCJ?"- rtlrtA'1':: P"«rtaq 

an^: (D^ft: PO^: R-/5.-1':: 
Bond, adj. A"^1A1A: PT^H :: 

Bond'age, s. HCl'^" 
Bonds'man, s. If^JP:: 
Bonds'maid, Bonds'woman, s. fJQyU^'p:: fl 

Bone, ». ti.»'i'V-- 

Bone'less, adj. 2\»1'^: PA-AO^" 

Bon'fire, s. P^fJlT: "AO^- 

Bon'net, s. Prt,'?-"'^^: ^'fl:: 

Bon'nily, adv. ^Yl^A":: Kf>: ^fi'^-^"- 

Bony, ac/j. 2\»1:J-7"" JPSII":: 

Book, s. tTOR-rh^:: 

Book'binder, s. TsS.^^" 

Book'keeper, ». PK-nji^a: fllT?" 

Book'keeping, s. ^-n^iLl: ii^Oin^-- 

Book'seller, ». pooR-thO.: rises':: 

Boon, «. Ktnl'I'" 

Boon, adj. ^C" 

Boot, V. m1>"""- ^H" 

Boot, s. n-^:: 4S"?": 04017:: 

Booth, s. pTree*^ : irrfi: a-"f :: 

Bootless, adj. pe^y.(l\^^"- n?"-!! 

^A:: YlTP " 
Boofy.s. *9n^" goj;Yi:: 


cloth : PA-flfl : on^tj-:: 
Bore,*. Pl^T: il^-'I'li'l':: 
Bore, v. a. fl "1 :: IJ^A :: 
Bo'real. adj. Prto^l:: 
Bor'er, «. o«.f| fj :: aoi_i^^ :; 
Born, part. PTfflAK:: 
Borne, par<. PTJ^H :: PJ-HA:: 
Bo'rough. s. M^A^m: JPA't-: ilTl'?": P 

Bor'row, r.a. Tfl^ii:: 

Bor'rower. s. 'Tfl^^:: 

Bo'som, s. ■n'O't':: 

Bo'som, v.a. n-fl'fl'l': hhT:: 

Botan'ic, Botan'ical. adj. ^J"Yl Al*:: 

Bot'anist, s. ^^fVlA'f: ^^TlJ:: 

Bot'any, s. ^^TVlA't": >»(IM'^:: 

Botch'er, s. ?kCT.CD'T: A-flfl: mS'tni:: 

Both, adj. & o(it). IhA^:: 

Bot'tle, s. T(;ao''H :: -n^tx.:: qOf^:: 

Bot'tom, «. :^^?':: trouJ4'^:: 

Bottomless, ac/j. oroux;''!': i*"!:: n:^*F: 

Vl^^:^A:: TA*: Po^JZl'l:: 
Bough, s. Hini^s,:: cq,^:: 
Bought, pret. of /o 6i(y, & s. 
Bound, Bound'ary, s. (DfTi" K^^'flC" ^ 

Bound, ufflrti:: ^ilUd." 

Bound, arfj. P:MJU<!L:: PTIJ^:: P-r^HW" 

Bound'less, adj. ^All'lUii:: ^A-TfflrtS:: 

(DrtT: PAAO)*:: 
Bount'eous, Boun'tiful, ac?/. ^Pf^:: 
Bount'eously, Boun'tifuUy, adv. fl^Cl^:: 
Bounfy. s. H'O^'-' HT-i^:: 
Bourn, s. (Drtl:: (DTH :: 
Bow. s. 4»n'^:: 
Bow, un. "H*: ?\A:: H^HA:: ta. H*: 

?»K4T:: ?»HYnA:: ?i>nm:: 
Bow'elless, adj. A'i^t-: PAACD't: 
Bow'els, s. ^i^|i'r:: Pain in the — : PIT 

Bow'er, s. ^ti" 

Bowl, s. itr:: PlfcRfH" '^tt". 
Bow'man, s. 1»f|'t"f :: 

Bow'string, s. P^h^: (DTO- P'Ptl^: 'I 



( 31 ) 



Bow'yer, J. •fflf?:: 

Box,s, Tree: PHfJ.: J^JHI*:: Case: "f 

»1:: Blow: onxiJLJP:: 
Box, v.a. R4.:: {D^: "f»1: 2\7n:: 
Boy. »■ hflYlC:: -nAtf:: 
Boyish, adj. >»^K: hhtlC: JPA" 
Boyhood, s. ^fiVlO^:: 
Boy'ishness, Boy'ism, s. ?khYlCl'1'" 
Braah'min, s. 'ni.o^T:: 
Bral/ble.s. JtA:: 

Brab'ble, r. n. 'i'^A:: KCV: hR^.T■■^ 
Brace, s. aqujf;^:: xj-i^-l- : y^-^: (D'f'^-" 

Brace, r.a. hUJd" ?i"in«r:: 

Bra'celet, s. for wrists or ancles: tt^^C," 

— for soldiers: o^AS^^:: ll'i'Tl'l:: and 

PCRA: or PCP^:: 
Bra'cer, s. oiju)£;jp:: 
Bra'chial, adj. PYll,^:: 
Brack, s. rt«l<i.:: 'P^f!," 
Brack, v. a. oo-ilA'}: c&O)': PiJ^Cl: ?»fi 

Brack'et, s. :rrh: P>»1EEI?'T: ^ro^iQ^jp:: 
Brack'ish, acT;. W^^: ^(D^: yt\" 

Brad, s. :^rn:¥^^^lC" 

Brag'gard, Brag'ger, s. Alh: PTltJ.: "1-0 n.T 

f : h<D-:: 
Braid, s. PXT^C: >T^'5" 
Braid, u. a. l-l'M:: 
Brails, s. pwnCTn-fl: h"^: PO^'I'fint': 

Brain, s. CEtl^A't*:: 

Brain'less, adj.|>A'l': PAAOh:: 2\">» 

9«C: PA.A®':: tiliG.-- 
Bi-ain'sick, adj. ytrflR"- 
Bran, s. FiJ«»: tC^'T'" 
Branch, s. cq,^:: "Jsg":: 
Branch, t).rai^l: KCD"!:: 
Brand, v.a. Pn^^l: ^A: nTi'l'T: J^troA 

Brand, s. P>»n^: T^'A^'T: filA: flA: 

Braad'ed, par/. nS'^A: •fi^'f: PI^^^AYI 

f:: PTlCDii:: 
Brandish, v. a. CAlEtC'TT :) 'TS'Jiq"- ©H 


Brand'ling, ». J-fh: fllTJ^: JPA: ^A" 

Bran'dy, ». J\<^*t:: 

Brank, s. P>ilJA: JSJZ^'l':: 

Bran'ny, adj. PtIA: *C^^: pnuAn^" 

Bra'sier, *. PWfl: hTi'V^.V.: 

Brass, ». ODj2^-f1:: Wfl" 

Bra'ssy, ac?/. Ptro^fl:: Pli»ff|:: 

Brat, s. ?ih^C" 

Brava'do, s. il^.: ^^<^^:: flj^-fl:: * 

Brave, v.a. TO"*! :: T"^ri'1f-: A'"»;jgA: 

Brave, arfj. ^^r:: CO."'!'?:: Tobe— :ra, 

Bra' vely, adv. eSLYif" 
Bra'very, s. oofaYn:: 
Brawl, r.n. ?k^^'■4'^*^" »A: ?iKO" 
Brawler, *. TMil-CXi" »A: ?i^i.1" 
Brawn, s. Pn<C^: "^CJP= ^"J"- -nCf: 


Bray, s. J^V^: CCtTl^" 

Bray, i;.n. Til J^: hU^?: CCtTl:: v. a. (D 

Bray'er, s. CB.T*i:: 

Braze, v.a. ni^^Zfl: Tt'^n'P-: 

Bra'zen, adj. PWfl:: 

Breach, s. e.<5'fi" fl-fl*^^:: orae,<?:f|:: 
Breach of covenant, of the law : otil'AA^" 

Bread, s.>k1^,J.:: 

Breadth, x. (DCK"-' 

Break, v.n. &,^tl:: Ttllld." "VPRR" 
v.a.hd.d.fl" fim.". T^K" The day 
breaks: ^K'C.: IQ:: o^AJ^: •J'KK" 
To — to a habit: JvflAouj^:; To — 08 
a habit: A"1^'i: Afl'Ta):: To — tht 
law: AtTJ: TAAd.:: To — ones pro- 
mise: •rfttt®''!: 2\d.«irt:: To - 
off a friendly connexion : T"1A:: fflP^l 
'TT: 4»-<i(n:: To — forth: (D"!- 

Break, s. <«Jq.<^fl:: oofsnC- tro«|>^«i'P:: 
The — of day: y;|:: £r9A^:: 

Break'ers, s. J-A'P: fTOfl^j?:: Oh;' 
o"f;Yl-fl: po^nncn-t": P 



( 32 ) 



Break'fast, s. PR-T'l': 9" "I:: 

Bream, v. o^'CYl-m: TM^d." 

Breast, s. J^ ^■^ : : m- '> : : 

Breast'plate s. TrJ.C- 

Breath, v.>,fl'"n<tf1:: 

Breathe, v. >,^: ?»A:: TK^" ?\flTl 

Brea'thing, s. crc>i«^i*I:: 
Breathless, adj. >,fI'■^^4f|: ^"1:: 
Breech, s. pcro;^^: ^nf: ViQ,£\:: 

Breed, v.a. & n. >»l'r»^AA'}: ?\1»/5.-T:: (D 

Breed,*, of birds : CClClt't-^ :: — of other 

animals : ^»^l'f :: 
Breed'ing, s. tnj'1^5^1:: A man of good — : 

KOS": AOfq^: PA»rog: no).:: 
Breeze, s. S'ri'i : ^4.^■•: 
Breez'y, a. -X^tX: 1«li1: Ptnj.i^finl-:: 
Breth'ren, s. <D^J^■CI"■■f• :: (D^Jt^«")0''J■^^:: 
Breve, s. p;3'H'^: R-<5.-"r:: 
Brev'iary, s. VC.1^^: ^^®'tl-'V: PCD^ll,: 

Brev'ity, Briefness, s. Yxf^Qh'l" " *'-CT 

Brew, V. "lAOh'l: ?im'""?" 
Brew'er, s. n\f\.C&''\- 7\'V^^^-'. 
Brew'house, s. P«tj/\: aDTai>;|.y: n.'l'" 
Bribe, 9. QX.K'^- AaqT^i't-: Pw^l'lT: 

Bribe, v.a. P45.«J.g-T: «^^T: n«rofini1-: 

Bri'bery, s. «5.CS^J= o^T4.■■^: no^fffn'T:: 

Brick, s. fn-il :: 

Brick'kiln, s. rOi-Vr. '-^^-tii." ■• 

Bricklayer, s. \^'^-: 

Bri'dal.'a. Vt\C,1" 

Bride, s. oo^n^P-f:: 

Bri'degroom, s. oxt'Xli.:: 

Bri'demaid, s. tro-hiJ.P.I''}: PTn^rYlTA: 

Bridge, s. ^A^A" J^A^K"^" 
Bri'dle, s. a:2.«?"" 
Bri'dJe, r, AT-o^- 
Brief, ». J-fh: (Drlf-V:: 

Brief, ady. ?\i;p.(;:: «1>--(;T:: 

Briefness, s. ^vtW-t^Vt"" 

Briefly, adv. fl'l'^CT*: ^C" nT^T: MC,: 

Bri'er, s. "hPi}: PtmAn-T: TYIA" 
Brig'antinc, s. :J-ril: on^^^Yl-n:: PCD'J-.^-C 

Bright, oc/;. pn<5.:: •n<.«:: »<.:: 
Bright'en, v. fl^." 

Bright'ness, s. 'f\^U\-'V:: R-4.i->:: -XIC 

Bril'liancy, s. •flAsy.:!':: llAT":: 

Bril'liant, ac//. 'flA'^AEP': Pon?.A:: 

Brilliant, s. PYlR*!:: KTl^:: 

Brim, s. Pf^:: 

Brim'stone, s. jlO" 

Brind'ed, or Brin'dled, oc/j. qjAt^O": PTA 

Bring, v. a. Yxoxjcri:: To — to light : G)^: 
-ncn: ?Va)"l:: ^AX:: To — to per- 
fect on: 0)^: ^X-T^Vl' : h^ Brin;/ 
me a little water: T"^^: dp^i: ^i'/dt)^ 
^:: To — close to: T^'Pt^n-: To — 
forth fruits: ^t^T: ?»<I.<?:.:: To — forth 
children : A^^'-T: CDAK"^:: To — back : 
""Art:: To — in: Kll" 'f^a^frif. 
To — up: J\(D"1:: (train) 7\^^-l:: To 
— together: ^ilfT:: ?iTm"0:: fltl 
Brink, *. ^C,:z 

Brisk, oc?j. -f-A": PA:: f^TT:: 
Brisket, s. P>»^n[^>f-: K^>:: 
Brisk'ly, auV -T-A";: TVl'-A":: ^.Tf:: 
Brisk'ness, s.HD^mT:: dLmf:: "o^t'Yi^^:: 
Bris'tle, s. PC.P: Rl'^C" 
Bris'tle, v. n. 'J^'?]^: >iCP: R>C= *"":: 
Bristly, ac/j. 'J'^'IK: >>CJ?: X>C: ^A:: 

Brit'ain, ,?. •nC:M..P:: >»T7A"lC:: 

Brit'ish, arT/. Yi'^A.'H :: 

Brit'on, s. P1"|A.'H: f](IP:: 

Brittle, ac/j. -f-A": PO^«i.<;.d.C:- 

Brit'tleness, s. -^-A": o^A.6.d,.C.-- 

Broach, v.a. nC^iAT: Tn<?.T:: MQI: 2\ 



( 33 ) 



Broad, adj. (BQ^'P* : : 

Broad'cloth, s. SUr: T-Tj:: 

Broad'ness, s. CDCJ^- 

Broad'side, s. po^CXl'n: hml'tl" pauQ 

Y111: y?s/r: ^inn-fiT: ^^r-g.^-- 

Broca'de, s. 'VVj^i: \jq: hm: Pf rt^.n'1-:: 

Bro'cage, s. no«tpf|: poi^'j^: ^^-fl:: PT 
ft: K"«(DH.:: 
. Broil, s. U-Yl't"" 

Broil, V. ?i4>-A:: h*;^:: 

Bro'ken, purl. Ffi.*;"- PTrtn*;:: 

BroTcer, s. q>fj:: ' 

Bro'kerage, s. PTfl: gonfflH." 

Bron'chial. ncT;. P^ll'l".: 

Bronchoce'le, s. PKTl"!': n^nT" 

Bronze, s. PWh: h.^\^:: 

Brood, s. P?kOq>Q.: a^'p^:: Eq,CO;-?-^:: 

Brood, V. ■i\'5'l»-"AA'i: rifdi.:: 

Brook, s. jhrh: (DTH" S.'^h:: 

Brook, v. :^^Uj:: 

Broom, s. o^i^d.1.y:: 

Broth, s. OFD«^%:: 

Bro'ther, s. (D'JJl^!?"" 

Bro'therhood, s. (D1,K"^^^" 

Bro'therly, adj. Pffl'iJ^T*':: >»^K: a)^J^ 

Brow, s. Eye — : fj^ll^'t':: Brow of a 

hill: ?i^n'"M: 
Brow'beat, V. a. ni"l't»'"l: ^,PT: ?»^-t-: rt 

(D-'l: ?vT^K" 
Brown, s. A.T'PI - 

BrowTi'ish, adj. ffi.^: /\.f ^^: POTiqif;-!! :: 
Bruise, u a. 1>m*l*fll" R'^fl"- Wound: 

?\4^rtA" Break: rtfl^"- 
Bruise, s. •t'^flA" oo^^'T:: 
Bruit, s. (Dd„"- 

Brusli, s. PA-nfl: cn3R-^"iy:: X-Cl" 
Brush, v.a. A'nfn: R«iT" 
Brutal, adj. ^^1^. iTxC^B- ^ti" 
Brutal'itj^s. JvCSl'V- 
Bru'talize, v. YxQXi- ?ifl™rtA " 
Bru'tally, adv. "S^IK: ^CE" 
Brute, s. ?kC'S:: 

Brute, arf; .PC'S" ^iTi'PC: PA-Adh" 
Brutish, adj. hCE'i: ptHioraflA" 

Bul/ble, a. oo^/V't':: 

Bubble, i;. 71. <5.A" ^Al*:: KTrTrTTTn:: 

Bu'bo, s. 4»"<in :: 

Buck, s. Pffl^AA.: TH^:: 

Buck'et, s. PO^:!: o«J{.^:: 

Buc/kle, s. HAn'f:: 

Buc'kle, v.a. nHAO^: YiRi"" 

Buck'ler, s. TA:)- :: jjl:: 

Buck'thom, s. PPO: ?».SLi^:: 

Bud, un. oginccin" 

Bud, s. tp.'il'XL'il" 

Buffalo, s. Ill:: 

Buffet, s. ouj;<5,^:: 

Buffet, v.a. Hi^:: 

Buffoo'n, s. "iSTI^E"" 

Buffoon'ery, s. "hTig,: >»-flJ^: oo/^TRr: 

Bug, s. ■t-'TiT:: 

Build, «;.a. iU^.:: MR:: 

Build'er, s. J^fR.:: UJ^:: 

Build'ing, s. a^iR":: (mfJJ^,^;: n.'t':: 

Bulb. *. ■X^K: hl-hC^: JPA: !i^C" 

Bulb'ous, ac//. fm^C^T^ P^J^o^fi^:: 

Bulge, v.n. CFhlJa^l: Yiitln" 

Bulk, s. ^A^1'"I'" 

Bulk'head, s. ntnjCVl'fl: ^A^: ^J^^^:: 

Bulk'iness, s. J-A^i't*:: a)^<J.9"i^:: 

Bulky, odj. ^-A^:: (D^d.7":: 

Bull, s. 'l^-:: n«i.:: 

Bull'et, s. P-n*^^: (D^^fl: PC^ft: ?i4C" 

Bull'ion, s. JPATfl*;.: (DC*: (DJift: -flC" 

Bulli'tion, s. "'J^A'T:: 

Bullock, 4. :rrh : l^:: Pn^^: T?^:: 

Bul'wark, s. ^v^C: pi«iRrn^: h.9^n" 

Bump, s. •l^flA:: 

Bump'cr, s. poro/\: cnjfucn,:: 

Bump'kin, s. nt«'cq,a)1-: ^oo^CD'T: MC^ 

paq_pa)'*:: K^*C" 
Bunch,*. tnjuj(^jp:: fio^UICJP: trt-flftP: 

.PA: "ilC" 
Bun'dle, s. hViT":: 
Bun'dle, v.a. Ai11n«?n: ?4lJU<i:: 
Bung, s. PnC"^<SV: anTHn.^:: 
Bun'gle, V. AT™:: fl^.CD''}: ?iinH:: 
Bun'gled, pari. PTinH:: 
Bun'gler, s. "l-fiTI : tl6:: 

E E 



( 34 ) 



Buoy, v.a. nap[i: AJS: }wV" 

Buoj''ancy, s. OOT^'I':: 

Buoy'ant, adj. Oh*!:: 

Bur'den, «. filni9":: Yl-fl^". ouVinj^:: 

Bur'den, v. a. 2\hVl«o:: h.Yt RK". 

Bur'densome, ad/. Tnn.^:: htl'-f^Ji:'. 

Bur'gess, s. nAlC= 

Burgh, s. hlQ:: 

Burgli'er, s. M^A"Yi: JPA: HAIC" 

Bur'glary, s. n.'1''5: iJ^/V: o^tl^^-'- 

Bu'rial, s. €iija»nr ;; cnirt»r»j-.. 

Buii'ne, s. ptro^'^J^R-: "X^*:: 

Burn, r. n. \S.S."- S^AIA" la. W^K- 

Bum, s. piTl'1-: «l»^i*IA:: 

Bum'ing, s. ooT^j^:: outpQiA". 

Buni'ish, v.a. 2\AHn:: AOm:: Amm:: 

?\3A:: rtYlA:: 
Burnisher, s.?iAHIl.:: 2^3^" rti;}^" 
Burr, s. PJ^C= ^ft" 
Bur'relshot, s. <^il :: 

Burst, v.n.-rrtn^-^^rt" ^^TJ'T: «i.<irt" 
Burst, s. ^n^: t^O.^^ - 

Bu'ry, v.a. «I>n4" K^'i" 

Bush,s.cq,^: pon^n^: ir-rn:'iSlttK"t-:: 

Bushel, s. p>»lJ<fi: aofi^C^y- hTi^: ^ 

a>A: POU^iJA:: 
Bu'sily, adi. -nnC 0"A'l":: 
Bu'siness, s.-naC" i^«5." I'-j^^P- ^^^t 

is your— : goT: >S;„g: ?iAU:: 
Bust, s. mCO^-l-: (D^fl: no'lliJ.A: Pf 

fl6,: Pfl(D-: oai^iA.:: 
Bus'tle, *. U-'n-V:: <ro^Y^A:: 
Bus'tle, V. n. ^Yt-A" d.mi:: rt^CD'T: 

Bustler, s. n*^^" fli-OM: pa^^flH: 

Bu'sy, flrf/. -mC: ^PA®'" 
Bu'sybody, s. Al""?- 

But, con;. YIC.. T?" ^C^ "rS:: ^^:: 
pp:: "Xl^:: 4>C-t":: All — one: U-ft-: 

Butch'er, s. i\<5.^"- 
Butch'er, i;.a. ?k^,K:: 
Butcli'ered, part. P^-^K- 

Butch'erly, at/j. ?\<J.^: OT'fiA":: 

Butch'ery, s. oq^i^JE^:: 

But'ler, s. ?»ilA<5.:: 

But'ment, s. P1>flT: J^nrof: tro^^Q,JP:: 

Butt, s. 7" A Vl l' : : "»J^d^ - 

Butt, v.a. Oklg: n<i.:) (DP:: 

But'ter, s. Afl:r: *a:: 

But'ter, y.o. YlfflT't*: *aT: ?iKO-: 

Buftery, ac/j. £ifl-X-- ^tlTi: PaV^tlg^:: 

But'tock, s. otJc^aucEt:: Ha-^:: Q.Pi.:: 

But'ton.y.u. Acji-Jini: ou-v^cxQ^^: /\^^.l'■•^ 

But'ton, s. PA-nfl: ao'Jrtifl^-- 

Buttonholes. PA-flfl: oo'i^tLQ.y- fS,^-'- 

But'tress, s. P^tlf. Konf: 'ttW^K"- 

Buy, v-a-IH:- 

Buy'er, s. IK- 

Buzz, V. 'pfl: -flA": •V£1^,^^■■ 

By, prep, n—y- H— : HIJ^:: -Bymyhand: 
n^:: Sit — me: ni.: H'5J^:'ri'*roT:: 
£y writuig: R-fi^:: or fiS'd.'i':: To pass 
— : ?iAd.:: jB?/ himself : A'flif(!>" 'fl 
J^OM:: By land, — water: flT^J^C" 
na^:J:: % chance: ^k'i^^CD'" «^JK 

By-and-by, ar/v. ?\lhT:: 'hTi'l^V:: 

By-law, s. IhAT?': -T^iMH:: 

By-path, s.U-ATi':lKr"- 

By-room, s.'X^'-'- 

By'-stander, s. VlH.^: P«S>tiO:: 

By'-word, s. 9«iTlA.:: auBR.O)?'" 


Cab, s. :rrh: a^>^Yl'■d.1r^C: U-A-t-: tl<p 
•^: panlYl'<5.V»-<.n-T:: 

Cabal, Cab'ala, s. fl'T A:: ^^U-J^: "TOA^m, 

Cab'alist, s.y^lhj^: gnAWflX^J-'t- = -fOTli:: 
Cabalist'ical, adj. (D^i fi^U-R: 9"^fll. 

Cabin, s. Yl 0.1 ". POO^Yl'n: 5l^A - P"" 

Cabinet,*. P'-HRI'- nx-'rt-- P'^i'hf^: a 

•^: A.S'CD''i'f: (DR: ^^tintlthU'V:: 
Cafhh, s. -J-/^^: lax3g;:: 

Cac'kle, v.a. (PO) T^fi'n'n-- 



( 35 ) 



Cadaverous, adj. Pi«1 :: "KlK". «5,«Tr: ^A" 

Ca'dence, s. PJjf T^Jt: woOhJ^^:: 

Cag, s. y-ffi: nCo^.ti" 

Cage, s. Pt-jPH: P^: <D^fl: ^kC'E: P"^ 

Calam'itous, adj. ooTfl^: PooA" 

Calam'jty, s. ooYld.:: 

Caramus, s. •frt'fj:: 

Calash', s. Pi-Yl<5.T: JPon^*?": oBlTn-^ 

Cal'careous, adj. Pf^:: 

Calculate, v. a. ^iD^:: 'fxflll :: 

Calcula'tion, s. €ro4>^niC" 

Cal'culator, s. 4»» "!<!"• 

Cal'dron, s. j^fl-'f" 

Caledo'nian, s. PflTp^AI^: lICD-:: 

Calefac/tory, ar/;. pm^^qo^:: 

Cal'efy, v.a. hSiP^" 

Cal'endar, s. hAoo^Vl :: Jpe"J'"r: 't'}: U- 
A-: K-Tl^a:: 

Carender, t). PjhRn: fio^: ^lAHfJ:: 

Cal'endar, s. P:rRn: il^nj: troAHn.^" 

Calf, s. T^:: (of the leg) : q -T :: 

Cali'bre, s. «?«:^A•.: 

Cal'ico, s. n^S""- 

Cal'igraphy, s. yaxt^: ^d/f:: 

Cal'iver, s. pg-: oo^^:: 

Ca'lix, s. ym: «^i1" R-T- ' 

Call, uTi. Xd.:: To — for: R^:: ?if|oo 
«!:: To — upon one: 'hliSL'^- itl: ?\ 
t^Qy-" To — upon the name of the Lord = 
n^klK^^lltb.0 ft"?": R^:: To — 
together: tlUfltl" v.a. Rd." To — 
one to account: tlfldy-: jl&^: TSffl<" 
To — to witness : 'hovfi'nU.". To — by 
name : ftowl : •fl A° : R^ "■: To be called : 
'TR^:: THA- He is called a. king: 1 
T-^" : ^ A"^ A " He is called John : f| aD» : 
P-d^lfJ: iCO-" fiat's: P-rhlfl: ^rt- 
•1-A :: What do you (they) call this thing ? 

Call, s. tnJR-<5.if :: Visit: liATna-"- 
Callid'ity, Cal'lidness, s. TlYl-A" 
Call'ing, s. ooR"*^-^:: "OR^.-t-:: 

Callos'ity, s. hVS^.:: 

Cal'lous, «<//. hll^.:: PhYliiL" 

Callousness, s. JTn^"- 

Cal'low, adj. Oi.'i'-^: (^0.-) 

Calm, v.a. RT: ?irtT:: K'V: t^RdJ-- h 

Calm, s. RT^:: 04<i.'>" 

Calm, arfj. R-pi^A:: h^rL" "KTOiJPA:: 

Calm'ly, ad;. RT?: -nA"" 'S'fl: "flA"" OR 

Calm'ness, s. RT: oijA^:: '^H:!": RTJ"" 

Cal'omel, s. Vj A»tnc»^ ; : 

Calorific, adj. po^jptpi^:: 

Cal'vary, s. ^«5.^P:: 

Calve, un. '^^(D'l: (DAK^*:: 

Calum'niate, v.a. ^^: Trir^". rteO:: 

Calum'niator,s. rtJE^n." ^^•- (0(^,1: hTE^J-" 

CaFumny, s. fj^-fl :: 

Cam'el, *. ICTOA:: 

Cam'let,*, Trim: RT^C^^ TnUO Pfrt<^: 

Cam'omile, *. Ylo^A" 

Camp, s. rtd.C" Yl'^t^^" 

Campa'ign, s. H'l^^" F^-O- 

Cam'phor, s. 1n?"<5.C" 

Can, v-n.^tk"- t'^A:: To know: ?ia)^:: 
I can work : trofld,-^"?: ^k'^^AAU*: or fl 
6.- KG$-^/M}':: I cannot: i^i^:: or h 
JEiFAl«?o:or?iA^A9":: , 

Cana'l, s. anf|{°:: 

Cana'ries, s. P^tfC^: ^rt.-*"^- 

Can'cel, ua. "l*^:: 

Can'celled, 2>arf. PT*!*^:: 

Can'cer, s. Constellation: Vl'SllC- P'^^A' 
'^: Kli?:-: Ylll: YlYlT^-nl-: 9"AV1 
•¥-''f!':: Virulent sore : Elif^VhC" 

Can'cerate, r.n. E^blTrhC^ ITI" 

Candid, adj. PTiJ:: IC,:: 'T'iYbA: PAA 

Can'didate, s. h-otj^-}: poi^^j^AT: rt®'" 

Can'didly, adu nPffi'^J'T:: mO'l'"- J?A: 


Can'dle, s. 



( 3G ) 



Can'dlestick, s. •|>'}P A" wo^^THI:: 
Can'dour, s. PO^'i-l-:: PTtlVlf:: 'lO't'" 
Cane,«. h9nn*:: 2\1^:: hon^:: 
Cane, v. a. nRttK-' 
Candes'cent, adj. m).-. poi^lfj:: (j)^: Jcp, 

Cani'ne, ad). pa> H : : 0> ■! ^ : : 

Can'ister, s. PJ-l,*): :^^H: uf j^'j:: 

Can'nibal, s. PiTkD'I: A";J: n,e:: 

Can'non, s. oxs^Q^;: 

Cannona'de, v.a. ou^Qj'^: fYl'li:: 

Cannonie'r, s. poo^Q^-. CD^y,C.y- 

Canoe', s. ■^li'^:: 

Can'on, s. «i>rf :: 

Canon'ical, adj. P'pfi':: 

Cauon'ically, adv. fl'^fi"'-- "K'?K: "Prf" 

Can'onist, s. P'pff: 7\^^:: 

Can'opy, s. I'lO^^'i: ptniOiJfi<Jv: Cli,:: 

Cant, s. Vl«J.: ^'Z^i: 

Cant, V. ni-n-HT: Tn^" 

Can'ter, s. 3>A.A: ?iQ.:J-:: 

Cant'icle, s. fio^i:!^ " Book of Canltdes : ana 

Cant'on, s. ^IC;: Yi^.^:: 
Cant'on, Cant'onize, ?'. a. 't^lCi: Yld.A:: 
Cap, s. *-fl:: Yl'S.^F'l'" 
Cap, v.a. nAje: Vl.^i- 
Capabil'ity, s. '^A-^':: :i^^-- 
Ca'pable.arf/.J^^:: ptn^^^A" pu^^ffl"^:: 
Capacious, adj. |*|<1.:: 
Capa'ciousjicss, s. fl4.'*l'-- 
Capa'citate, v.a. ?ifl5'A:: 
Capa'city, «. ^A"^" l-fltiT:: 
Capar^ison, v.a. dLr^fJI: CD^il: n^A-l: ?i 

Capar'ison, s."| A fl : : od C ■! '"l* " 
Cape, *. VlR-:: VirTJ-trit-: 0)^= HfliC: 

po^in: pgD^c= ^i*»" 

CapiHary, ac/j. PRTC" XT-C?: PO^"« 

Cap'ital, s.' — of a country : YlT"^:: Sum : 


Capita], aJ/. P«5.fl:: n^V-- ovJltrnQy.: 
J^^:: «»gAe.^:: ^^'"1= •'"All'?":: 

Capitation, *. P^I.ri'J: "omC" 

Capitulate, v. n. fJA: t-flli?.: hlC,: "hhrd,: 
XA-Tt-: :i«5.:1nDnCTD:-. 

Capri'ce, s. TTIn-A:: 

Capri'cious, ac//. TTrYl'-A?':: 

Cap'ricorn, s. TA". ?»:JH,T:: Ylll: YlYlT 

Captain, s. ponqYin: ?iA'J':: P(D:^KC: 


Cap'tivate, v. a. A-flT : ^ H : 

Captive, s. p-rot}dXi- rt(I^" "A^a^C"- Pf 

:JH: l*ia>:: 
Captiv'ity, s. IHl":: 9"C^ " 
Cap'tious, orfj. T'iYl'AlP:: 
Cap'tor, s. 9»Clnf'^-'i: (DJKll: PH^CI: 

A.n'^: ptJU^-H:: 
Cap'ture, s. oojP'H:: 
Capuchin, s. pqplYlf'"^'- (O'lTf:: 
Car, s. >»3>: pa^di.^n"1-: oulYl'^.TThC" 
Caravan, s. ^^A't":: ?iCll*" 
Car'bine, Car'abine, s. :!'rh : IQ.T:: 
Carbinie'r, 'Carabinie'r, s. i^TT: Po^JS'H: 

Carbuncle, *. PYin«i: KTI.,P:: *JE: T" 

Car'cass, s. TT^^;: 
Card, s. -J-ftii-: ^Jl^f: (D*!:i''r:: 
Card, v.a. P[\"l: X>C: X^n" 
Cai-'diae, adj. A-m: P^^JPnC:^" 
Cardinal, ar/;. ajj'^aoQ^:: ^/\tp:: A,pf :: 

Car'dinal, s. PC"?": >l}%f|: A.*:: 
Care,s.-r^K.:: ?ii^il:: OBrnTP*:: Take 

— : 'Ttniil''^'-' I will take — of him: 

>»!.: ■>»mn'S'TAU-:: 
Care, r.n. TtlH" Artll" miJl>:: Tmi 

<jf>«l»:: I do not — : f^^lS.K^1° ■■ "IK"- 

Caree'r, s. <^CEl:: l^llrh.^:: 
Careful, oc//. ?v«1a" T^lK" 010 «t:: 
Ca'refulness, s. oofni'p^:: oijrt'fl:: id 

Careless, at//. PfJ^^ft-fl:: "IJf : PA7°: 

flA°: pOT^'Ton'y:: 
Ca'relessness, s. hAn^rt-fl:: hAfromn*" 

2\Atromi1'*:: ?»AonfYl'H:: 



( 37 ) 



Care'ss, ua. notJi^t/n: n^Gl-^7(i: (D'JO = 

Car'go, *. n^CTn-n: JPA: 00^005^;: 

Caricatu're, s. AA°iX-: Pl-utA: J^T^A:: 

Ca'ries, Carios'ity, s. JPR-l'l-: f lAO:: 

Ca'rious, adj. -XIAO: ytitt't':: 

Car'man, s. p^: OTJ-jYl-d.Vl'C: "^6" 

Carm'elite, s. P1»C"^A°f|: qo^Vlrt,:: 

Calamine, s. P.i;'?o : 'ptS.'P':: 

Car'nage, s. awq^^ :; 

Car'nal, arfj. M»^^:: pjiJu;j:: 

Car'nally, adv. n]^;j:: "Alg: Jiw;):: "Kl 

Carna'tion, s. Pjw;j: ou^^^fi-:: 
Carniv'orous, adj. I^^Gy-'i: Ptn^nA:: 
Carou'se, v. n. aD-nA'l-f: ""mTT: cq,(D 

:^^•7": KfJ:raM«7«: ?inH:: 

Carp, I. nyfl'fl: <'^<?:K:: 

Carp'enter, s. R6.t\," 

Carp'et, s. rt;3li^:: 

Carriage, s. ao^Yl-^.Yl-C:: h^th.^-" 

Car'rier, s. Th^"^:: 

Car'rioD, s. Tyn^:: Plat}: jui;|:: 

Car'ry, r. «. -rhYloro:: ffirtg:: To — 
oneself: rh,.^:: h.Rd.l" To gain : ?i 
nV:- To — away: j?.H: th.K" 

Cart, s. on-jVl-^.TrhC" 

Cartilage, s. ?ij[»jri: hSl'T:: 

Carfridge, s. Al"q.T?: PTH^: n<.^«7n: 

Carve, i.o. T^X"- (Dl**!!:: XtJ^R:: To 
— meat: ^J(B-1,: 'f'^OI" 

Carv'ing, s. (ni^^jt: &c. 

Casca'de, s. ^TQ.'P't":: 

Case, s. Covering: tmyiiy. YxS/f.-- £vn 
fl" tl-t-:- tntJTl^V"- °^h\RC" State of 
things: I'fl^'l':: otjU"}:: Circumstance: 
PlTl: nC" Case oi nouns : 'i'Hd/V :: 

Case, j;.o. 0)^: ?i(S:^: J^IH:: Anni:: 2\ 
Anrt:: hd.^:: 

Cash, s. PTH;)^: nC" tro-ivf:: 

Cashie'r. «. p-flC: """Hl-fl: nn«t" 

Cashie'r, r.a. "Hi^:: 

Cask, Casque, s. flC'^'J^" 

Cask'et, s. :rrri: "ift'J:: 

Cas'sia, s. rtf"o«Yl,:: 

Cas'sock, s. Ptft: A-flfJ:: 

Cast, v.a. nj A" Mould : flil'A.'fl: Txt'tiO)-- 

Cast, s. orooii^:: tnjJ}>/\T:: 

Cast'away, s. PTtjA: rtCD':: 

Cas'tigate, v. a. ld.&, ". ^'^P" 

Castiga'tion, s. axi<q^Q^:: AUJJK:: 

Cast'ing-net, s. oocn-fl" 

Cas'tle, s. PTUi«5.: ni°^-- lU^-fl--- 

Cas'trate,t;.«. Men: itro^:: >YJ^A:: Large 

cattle: rtVl:: Small—: l^l^A:: 
Castra'tioD, s. otJT-.croj>-:: OD>1gA:: 00 

Cas'ual, orf;. >k-^J^yah: ptn^in:: J^T^ 

Casualty, s. J^^j^l^: 1,H,: JPA: AR: "^ 

Vny^: pmiininc" 

Cat, s. J^aD->:: 

Catalogue, s. ^-fl^fL:: 

Cat'aplasm, s. n4»^rFA: A^: Pa^K«i°l: '^ 

Cat'aract, s. of water : Q.T^T't :: — of the 

eyes: pth^l: '^"'V^,'^-: 
Catar'rh, s. "TJO^iTf:: 
Catar'rhal, adj. P°19"4.'5 :: 
Catch, v:a. yH-- 
Catch, s. ou^-H : : ^^ ^T - 
Catch'ing, pari. paij__e'H :: 
Catechetical, adj. "kl^ : iR't'Tl.flqofl : 

Cat'echize, v.a. flTJP'&r: n9"Ah: J^flT 

Cat'echism, s. YTtY\fiqof! :: 

Cat'echist, s. nTJc^Sf: ll7°Ah : ^^o^Vt- 

-}: poi^J^flT'JDC"- 
Catechu'men, s. PH^^^T^I: ^^r"i}C/t"- 

Cathar^tic, s. ir^T: P«7n-f.^j^: ou^^jj^.^:: 
Cathedral, s. pai'rCJ^A.fl: tlrtt InQtlX 

Ca'tholicori;. Yl-t-A.Vl^:: nU-A-: HI^K": 

Cat'tle, s. "h-fl^:: 
Cavalie'r, s. ^iVmC" H^CD'AK,: ""^'i^ 



( 38 ) 



Cavalry, *. P6,d.f]?'^-. i^e,^:: 

Cave, s. T"! :: 

Cav'ern, s. tpH" 

Cav'erned, Cav'ernous, adj. T^lT"" 

Cav'il, i;.7i. flA: rhfh: ilC^ JPA: Oa>"I"> 

Cav'iller, s. f|A: :^^i^: flA: cnjj?a)"l»a> 

Cav'ity, s. Vl^'I-:: 

Caus'al, at//. au^-5J?-t' : yACfr-:: PO^^T 

Cause, s. •"'Vny^■-: 

Cause, v.a. croVl'}^-"!': If^:: tm^-^y:^: \ 
flh" i\a)"ni:: ?\fliW:: Is generally ex- 
pressed by the transitive and causative forms 
of verbs; e.g. Y\tiaort\(jy^: "he caused 
him to come," from crorq: "he came." 

Causeless, adj. ytk.- oraVnjP'1' : JPA : : "^Yl 
'iy'V: PA.AfD':: 

Cau'sey, Cause'way, s. P^Yh^^: ai>Tl^:: 

Caus'tic, s. P«7":h3'mA: PTO'VnAV": cro 

Cauterize, u a. P«l»-r!A(D''?: M'lJ: h^^mA" 
Cau'tion, s. oamTI.^:: 2\i^-n:: 
Cau'tion, d.o. 2\fiml1'4»:: ?inirtn:: 
Cau'tionary, adj. paii_pf|[Di^«p:: P"^^ 

Cau'tious, ac/;. fnnS''^ "- 

Cau'tiously, adv. Tfill**-: ^H: -HA":: 

Cau'tiousness, s. troml^>^" 'Pfl:^■•: 

Caw. r.n. >i^K•• 'I^^: CR-tl:: 

Cease, v.n. & at//. 08.4^- 

Cea'seless, arfj. po^^CaCH:: 

Cedar, s. P/VH^fl: KQ." 

Cede, v.a. TO):: ti^^" rtfli- 

Ceil, i.a. KHKn.: R^n" 

CeU'ing, s. J^C'"" 

Cel'ebrate, v.a. 2\Yin«^:: 

Celebra'tion, s. trg^OC- 

Cele'brious, aJ/. PYl O <i : : 

Celeb'rity, s. OTJ^nC" ilflC- 

Celer'ity, s.tnj^m'i" cro^Yl-A" 

Celery, s. Pm^l,fl: 2\^i^: Til A". 

Celes'tial, ac?/. rtoflJP'C" 

Cel'ibacy, Cel'ibate, s. n^'h^-'^y^:: 

Cell, s.:^^h: n.T:: T^l:: 

Ccmen't, s. ot>'^:: oorrin^" 9"CT" "^ 

h:i : 

Cemen't, t.a. ?i'T|n'I*:: otJ^T;: 
Cement'er, *. nu^T^:: 
Cem'etcry, s. pao^nQ-. f|^^:: 
Cen'ser, s. pnn: R-f:: trqOfn'J-t':: 
Censo'rious, Of//. poi^^P^:: RJP«5.:: 
Cen'surable, ar/;. pcr^RP^:: TXj?<L:: 
Cen'sure, «. X-i'^." HA4.:: -r^^lR-:: 
Cen'sure, i.a. XPd.:: HA<5." lUJX:: 
Cent, s. av-f-:: 
Centifolious, adj. OTJ-f-; ij>m<fk: yA'l': (?^ 

Cen'tipede, s. ^qf-^^:; 

Central, adj. aoTlYlAC" IKD^M"? : ^A" 
Centre, s. ooYiYi^:: (D'M'T:: 
Cen'tre, i. fiahJ^T: -nrT" 
Cen'tric, aJj. porfYiVlA:: PCD'M'T:: 
Centrifugal, Qc/;. Yl«roTiYl^: poi^flh:: 
Centrip'etal, adj. tm'^YlA'J: Ptn^n:: 
Cen'tuple, adj. on-f-: OX^:: fJO^-. '^H^:: 
Centu'rion, s. pcro^; J\A3"" 
Cen'tury, s. oo-f-: p^on^?!-:: 
Ceras'tes, s. 4''}^: ^ACD^: :^A^: >nj^:: 
Ce'rate, s. nrt9": PTrt^.^: Pwoj^^Vlf: 

Ce'recloth, Ce'rement, s. Prt9fn: j^og;: 
Ceremo'nial, Ceremo'nious, adj. Pf^P%: 2\ 

Ce'remony, s. n^j^^: Ji'h^ii.j^:: 

Cer'tain, orf> >ka>l^: ^A" y^tmi. 

Cer'tainly, adv. nQy^Tt't'" 

Cer'tainty, Cer'titude, s. ">k(lM1':: 

Certificate, s.">»aM[-1''?: paTJ.lAS:: R-<5.'"r-:: 

Cer'tify, v.a. ■XCD-^^I: lAR:: 

Cervi'cal, adj. JPIT'l'" 

Cerulean, Ceru'leous, adj. fio^yt^ :: 

Cerulific,a</;. «I»A7°'i: fiorjy^- P"^yK 

cess, s. "I'flC" 

Cessa'tion, s. on gQ, ^f^ : : <i ^T : : 
Ces'sible, ac/;. po^TO^:: 
Ces'sion, s. ooTO)'!-:: J^^^A^: Ofufin):^:: 



( 39 ) 


Ceta'ceous, adj. ^"nn^:: 

Chaff, s. -l-n.^:: n^f^:: 

ChsiCfy, adj. p-t-tiy-.: 

Chain, *. rt^rtA'■^:: 

Chain, v. a. nffifltv^-: YiWd,:: 

Cliair, s. (D'HlC.:- 

Chai'rman. s. flAJE: fto^ep,:: PT.n?i.: 

Cha'lice, s. R-TO" 

Chalk, s. m'"'!,:: 

Chalk'pit, s. Pmool.: I'-^'XJ^"- 

Chal'lenge, v.a. AooiJ-lA: R^:: 

Challenge, s. A^ro^^^: tnja.^..i.:: 

Chalybeate, adj. YlHrj^: ;!«;.: Pf gHA'T:: 

Cham'ber, s. Pa^: VHS-A: ^'Jg: 3.5^:: 

Cham'berlaiu, s. P^.^: PAofl^I^: mT?" 

Cham'bermaid,s.P3,.^: PA^^'/": mTtf:: 

Cham'ber-pot, s. t"J^^_p:: 

Cham&'leon, s. "Xflfl^:: 

Ciiam'ois, s. TA" 

Champai'gn, s. H9"3f" f"C" 

Cham'pion, s. CO.'h^:: 

Chance, s. '^i'?^ JPO)-: Pa^U"5: Pin?jeiir 

Chan'cel, s. panujo^y: fiq,^.: CaT: ^IC 

fit: J?'}:: 
Chan'cellor, s. pcnj-j^jui^: j^^;-. 

Chan'cre, s. cp.'iYl-C" 

Chaudeli'er, s. oo*<»'H :: 

Change, s. aoAfflT" ACD'T:: 

Change, i.a. A(Dm " v.n. TACDfll :: 

Change'able. Change'ful, adj. panAfflT:: 

Chan'nel, s. anfi^i: PO^lJ: ""llj^:: 

Chant s. "HOij/'^:: *4,:: 

Chant, ?;.a. H'™^" 

Chan'ter, s. KHOi}^:: 

Ciia'os, s. P^-HA*: 't'AJZ: fiAVn: TnC^-: 

PT<5.m«i-: J2:-11A*:: 
Chao'tic, adj. ^ A : ^^'C*^^- P^-fl A^ : : 

Chap, s. fn^it" via.3-"- 

Chap, t'.a. mm«S'" tl«5.-r:: rtn<^:: 
Chap'el, « .^frA" :^rh : ILT: YlCfltjri:: 

Chap'elry, s. P^FfrA: "hA^':: 
Chap'iter, s. ^9".^: ^-ft" "hAA^:: 
Chap'lain, «. P^JtA: *£'fl:: 

Chap^et, s. HCD'^:: 

Chap'ter, s. V^Oi.Q." 

Chapter, s. P^A%: af: VlCfltJPT: P 


Char'acter, s. lihd:: mnjEO ■: 
Characteris'tic, adj. mn^l: pa^HAR-:: 
Charae'terize, v.a. mnjil: lAK:: 
Char'coal, s. YlrtA" 

Charge, v.a. Toload: 2\nVloo:: rq,^:: En- 
trust: h^d.: rtfll:: Accuse: Trill rt". <D 
^> rt : : To command : T\HH"- Load fire- 
arms : At"*'"" Attack an enemy: flX 
A-t": A^: (DK«1»:: Ask a price (wages): 

Charge, s. Load: ilVT7°:: t0»VT:: Trust 
jPK^.: !nC" -^ commit him to your — 
?i,K^: "XrtTHAlh: "J^Cl'l'T" Price 
<p;3:: Command : "V'KH'H :: 
Charge'able, ac//. P tnr^ h Yl 9^ : : P t"i'n l1 fl : : 
Charg'er, s. ^n:!':: PP^C= «5.«lf|:: 
Char'iot, s. oo'jY>i^.Y>C" UJ^IA:: 
Chariotee'r, s. poo"^Yl-«5,Yl'C= ""i" 
Char'itable, oc//. ^^:: P^^C." 
Char'ity, s. ^^f^:: '-fCl^:: ITM^:: 
Chark. v.a. YlrtAT: 2\KO" 
Char'latan, s. ?ia>3'AU': Po^,£i.: Of^fl)'*:: 
Char'lock, s. Pfir^CS-: ?ii^vi-:: 
Charm, v.a. htla^^■. KR^.!" nfia^'t": 

Charm, s. ?ifiaTj^:: ^fl^':: 
Charm'er, s. ?vf|aij't'^:: 
Charm'ing, part Kti^^: Pn^gs^Tin'!':: 
me<. A-fll: Po^TI :: ^tl: Ptn^yrt^:: 

Plinrf. V Vir***--- 

Chart'er. s. ^"^"11:: PA"A"^*1: Jt^^:: 
Chartered, adj. [IK'd/f: PTrtm^: ^"A 
"14 :: 

Char'woman. s. tmP^: PUo^fii,: th^:: 

Chase, v.a. tv^i'-- 

Chase, s. hKI" 

Chasm, s. fl'i'V^.: paoAP-T: ^^3*:= 

Chaste, adj. TR.Ai:: 
Chast'en, Chasti'se, v.a. ^lJUR:: 
Chastisement, s. ouojuy^;; l"^ui^:z 
Chast'it)', Chast'ness, s. IR-thf - 



( 40 ) 



Chat, v.n. T^tlfflT:: 

Chattel, s. pmj.EXr: ^^H'fl:: 

Chatter, v.n. "hTiS.' i^'d- tm.:: Trai 

(D-r- fjoi:: 
ChaVdron, s. P^fI«^i: i^ljtj-l':: 
Cheap, odj. dyifl"- 

Cheap'en, no. dXKfl- ?»K<^T:: Txt^Ylfl" 
Cheap'ness, s. d,\l,fl\-'V:: 
Cheat, v.a. 7\^titi:: -rtlYl-A:: t\\li\:: 

Cheek, v.a. ViaYIA:: 

Check, s. p-nc;: Std.'V:: 

Check'er, Che'quer, i:a. AJ?P;: ^ifAAd." 

^lHV^ til- 
Cheek, s. 1^1 qj. : : — bone : ?\;j Ep. : : 
Cheek'-tooth, s. ^J^:: 
Cheer, s. >iAA:^:.• 

Cheer, v.a. J^f|: ?vrt"F:: "i^AA: ?kA:: 
Cheer'ful, ac/j. .C;i1: Pfn^A:: A — giver: 

n^fl:!"- Po^.l'lT:: 
Cheer'fuluess, s. ^tf^-:: 
Cheerless, adj. ^ti-J-: PA-Am*" Kfl: P"^ 

Cheese, «.<;•):: 'h,C.'\:: 

Cher'ish, v.a. ?ilH:: S^«5.:: /^Kf:: 

Cher'isher, s. ?»:3 Ji;:: po^ysr" 

Cher'ub, s. Yl,<.'r! "■ P?- 1r!,<.fL A :: 

Chess, s. rt^aiCS"" 

Chess'om, s. ^tlfl'l-: ""ti.'l':: 

Chest, 6. iMR-T:: K^'T" 

ChevaU'er.s. T^'tlilO- "fO^A^: PYin*','^" 

Chev'eri), s. P^pfc\: TP'l':"- 

Chew, t. nTCJ'f: ^'1?''^= i'lK'P'J'" ' 

Chick, Chicken, s. rai,u3."T"- 

Chick'en-hearted, ac//. Afl-: Yk-JK: tq.Hfe-l': 

^A" <5.^:: 
Chide, nR-n: JiKO" "T-lKn:: HA«5.:: 
Chiding, part. R-fl: ?»J^<5.1:: t-O^a- 

Chief, a^/. ougouf^jp:: d.l'V" « PiASf" 

Chiefly, adv. Y1A.A: JiA*- 
Chieftain, s. T\tk$' " 
Chilblain, s. P-flC^: 4»^flA:: 

Child, s. Ag-:: 
Child'bearing, s. wofly-AJ^" 
Child'bcd, Child'birth, s. o«a>'AJ^:: 
Childhood, s. in general: gi'^yt" :: Infancy: 
thmi-1-:: Boyhood: 'nA-tli-T:: Ofi 

Childish, arfj. AiqTJ: poi^otifiA:: 

Childless, adj. yf\ ■ A^:: 

Chi'ldren, s. Ajl^^^:: 

Chill, adj.-UC^R:: 

Cliill, t;. a. ?indlK:: A-m: ^ifSOiy,*:: 't\ 

Chil'liness, Chil'ness, s. 'flCJ^"- ^^II>t.:: 

Chil'ly, adj. -flCJI^:: 

Chime'ra, $. OD-'l-d>'t':: 'nTA'T:: 

Chimer'ical, adj. ptnjJEin: TIC.--- 

Chim'ney, s. Pni.fl: ("'(D-rej,:: 

Chi'na, s. tfj.-}:: —ware: PtH^-J: T\UA" 

Chip, v.a. 5-rh: :l-rh : ?i^Ci: 'JH.^m:: 

Chi'romancy, s. 1?i^'i: Yl^^P't': ""im 

Chis'el, J. OTOt^'l- :: 

Chit'ehat, s. CO.O):!':: -flTA^" P««7.Em 

Chiv'alry, s. ?»VinC: f«iin:: 

Choc'olate, s. i^lr>A^:: 

Choice, s. froTo^j^:; 9»^}t:: 

Choice, adj. Pl'tnj^R:; 

Choke, t'.a. JSl^^':: T;}*?.:: 

Chol'er, s. 2\tpJ '"T" : : 4>"' T) : : 

Cho'lera, s. \^ti&. : 

Choreric, adj. J^qO'V: pooAn'Y": t\Gp:: 

Choose, Chuse, v. "O^^R:: 
Chop, s. «|»^<5.Ep.:: ^AEp.:: 
Chop, V. a. ^^S^ :: Ca.d.Ca<5.:: 
Chord, s. (DTC- 
Chord, v.a. (Dl-O: ?»K4T" 
Chorus, s. J?TI»9C^: T-Th." 
Cho'sen, part. P't'Ou^jj^:; 
Choule, s. PPQ.: Wi'Xi.:: 
Chouse, v.a. hllA" 
Chrism, s. n^CJ:: 
Chris'ten, r.a. 2\fnati«5>:: 




( 41 ) 



Chris'tendom, s. pVlC^'CJ?"}: hlQ: 
Chris'tening, s. *VU"^^ 
Christian, s. ilQttX^'i 
Cliristian'ity. s. JlCft'l'r 

Chris'tianize, v.a. InQtlXyi- ?^g41:: 
Chris'tian-name, s.'t'i'- tlT^"- 
Chrisfinas, s. PilCfl-f-fl: ^g'f: ncjA" 
Chron'ic, Chron'ical, adj. P^nH-: H*''"'?:: 
Chron'icle, s. PHoo-j: ^«;|r| :: Book of 

CfiTunkies: ""R-flifi.: H.f : ""'POC»:: 
Chrou'ide, r.a. (l-Jf&Vi: ?v(Q6.zz 
Chronol'oger, s. P3-<5Vl: ^io^^t"^: ?»flT 

Chronolo'gical, ac(/. P^6\\ :: 

ChroDoTogy, s. P:r^^: llhyt". ^U^V 

Chrys'olite, s. P(DC^: K^T.^" 

Chuck, s. PJ£^^.C•■^: t^fi^^l'" 

Church, s. fVf: i\QtlX.?'i-- 

Church, v.a. Yiaoapfi^: n:S.A: 11 aT: Yl 

Church'man, s. PfLf: VlCi*ll:^T: rtC!>:: 
Churchwar'den, s. Pn.-r: ^C'^t^'i: JT-'/n:: 
Churchyard,*. poo^nC^: fiQ,&,: naf: 

Churl, s.?iC'B: rt®-:: qpl" 
Chum, YKBT'I-: ^Ihl'- 2\KO" 
Churn, s. ^ftlt: ^O.: P'niK«nn-1': X^'- 
Chyle, s. YlJCA:: (DT'I'T: P««iOoflA:n 

Chym'ical, cJ;. PTTUOTiy:: 

Chym'ists. PVl.tnj P: ?i<p*:: 

Chym'istry, s. ,1r\OTJ,JP:: ^Vd/fi: Ihft-: 

OD/vp^: porqi.:!'®*!!'!": 'nA*i'1':: 
Cic'atrice, s. p-TniLCDrt: 4»^flA: 9"A5l't-:: 
Cider, s. P'Vtiri- K^'" 
Cil'iarj', «</;.^"'!'" 
Cim'eter, s. fiTA:: 
Cincfure, s. cro^mJp^P:: tro«I>i^:: j^<7:: 

Cin'der, s. fi'^.'i:: 

Cineri'tious, acJj. T^liS,: hP^R-- ^ii". 

Cin'nabar, s. fl^nC- 

Cin'namon, s. 'p,^4.'' 

Ci'pher, *. P'lT'VC.: T^AVl't"- »•«• *^T 

Ci'pheriug, s. •ro4»^mC:- 

Cir'cle.s. Yl.CVhA-fl:: "oyin-n:: H-C^" 

Cir'cle, r.a. H-C^: ?»S41" Vinn:: 

Cir'cuit, s. H-C^" 

Circui'tous, adj. rtdL:: 

Cir'cular, gcT;. Ttn^i YKC^l-tftl" "HtD'C" 

Circularity, s. JiTll'T:: 
Cir'culate,i;.a. ?VH(D4:: OH-C^: ?iOA«5.:: 
Circula'tion, s. ODHfflC" ""lAQ.:: 
Cir'cumcise, v. a. "JH ^•• 
Circumci'sion, s. THk^'T" 
Circum'ference, s. ITI"!!:: o^^Tin'fl" 
Circumlocu'tion, s. pou'ilC: oq-im'!': P 

Circumscri'^,'?: flAA: ilC= 'S.^'" 
Circumscrip'tion, s. ^(^1: flAA: nC: •"• 

Circ'umspect, adj. pi^dW'P^:'. Y\t\t"P!^:: 
Cireumspec'tion, s. t^^tU'i'P'P " *"3f ll't'TA" 
Circumspect'ive, adj. (1)*}^'' Tn)'l9*'5" 
Circ'umstance. s. ^A: Y1C.:: PWi: HO- 
Circ'umstaneed, qJ/. JPA" P^^rC" 
Circumvalla'tion, s. ^IC,: K^i^: nH-CJi'*P: 

JPK^: croTnn-njP:: 
Cist, .1. onhiS,?':: 
Cis'tem, s. PCD- J: hH^'T". 
Citadel, s. (DrrKCf: >»3': f^C: PARI-: 

Ci'tal, Cita'tion, s. R-^^.:: (DK: 6.CK*: "^ 

Cite, v. (7. hftooni:: ^kHH:: PAAOM: 

Cit'izen, Cit, s. & adj. n^lC." ^iO J^A 

"niJPACD': rtOh:: 
Citrine, cic/j. PA-n^T :: TklK = A°o^l: 


Cit'ron, s. ^A^ 
Cit'y, s. tlTiq: 
Civ'et, s. "Hq^- 

3- A*: Mq:: 



( '^2 ) 



Ciy'ic, adj. f^lC.:: pqAlC" 

Civ'il, adj. yiC" PHAIC:: alrith.K,: P 

Civ'il-law, s. JPIQ: iW^:: 
Civ'il-war, s. pq/VlC^-: HQi >kC«>: nC^ 

Cml'ity, s. K«r: Ao^^:: ^^i^j^: ctoa 

H-n:: lO't-:: Kfl: n^^rtTTf:: 
Civilize, v.n. ^Uf: Acn}^^: ?iflAtnj^:: 

Civ'ilized, j^'"'^- ^lAuna)*: (DT'?-: fflg: 

Oa^1> Vr : A"C»*T : : PK «i r» : : 
Clack, s, P(I>:}: CD^I.tW': CCIT'TI.:: >»'J£: 

OM}: (Datw-: ^A: tttTTV:: 
Clack, r.n. WiS.: (D^:i: a)^U^: CO-Tl" 
Clad, pret. & par^ of (o clulhe. 
Claim, s. A^A"!!:: 
Claim, t.o. >»1,^: Mi^^frj^: «5^aI:: 
Clai'mable, adj. AWA^IT: ^An-T:: 
Clai'mant, s. flM^ATj-i: pai^H:: 
Clai'med,pnrf. ■i^^,^: A^A^n: PTr5.A'J:: 
Clam'miness, s. C/Vt]^^-: CTHi-:: 
Clara'my, adj. CV-fi"- 
Clam'oiir, s. CttTl-'T:: 
Clam'orous, adj. CaTTl.:: 
Clan, s. Pfltrl-AI^: 'VOhAJ^:: 
Clanc'ular, adj. fl(D-C" 
Clandes'tine, adj. flfD-C- 
Clandes'tinel y, adv. n flO^C "• fh h ') : : 
Clang, Clang'our, Clank, s. pi'JA: CRrtl'V: 

Clank, v.n. "Kl^: -"C"^*: CO-tl" 

Clap, !. c^j?^-}:) ?i&a.nca,n: 

Clap, s. nrngn^^:: ao^^^:: aon^y.: 

Clap'per, s. P^O^A: i^^^^-- 
Clarification, s. ptf^^tliD^'^- TilO "flR- 

Clai-'ify, i-.a. ?»R5.:: 

Clarttiide, Clarity, s. •n<.tJ4'1':: K^A" 

Clash, V. a. ^^z: with the tongue in eating: 

Clasp, v.a. 'h.'^A,-: JPH:: 

Clasp, s. tro^'H':: >i^<i.l:: 

Class, r. a. ilf^Oht-: AP- 

Class, s. JU/f^t^V:: •JDAP'T:: ^1^,^:: 

Clat'ter, s. PTKnAl'^-: na^ll-" 

Clatter, v. >xlK: ooitl-d-VhC: n<.Hl(I^: 

aause, s. G.C^:: PTirTnT: llC" 

Claus'ure, s. OOH^J'I':: o^o^XC^P" 

Claw, .9. P>»Tfl«1: R-fiC" 

Claw, v.a. n»6.C: ^i^rtf: 'WCfH" 

Clay, s. cp.3>:: PfiVlA: tro<i,.V:: 

Clean, adj. ^R.jh:: 

Clean, i.a. MH- 7\'^6.:: 

Clean, oc^r. fSnrjTTJ:: U^A'" 

Cleanliness, Clea'nness, s. 'JRi'hr:: TH'I':: 
lR.f1v. "Bin:: 

Clean'ly, ac/j. ^«,:: »<.::• 

Cleanse, ij.o. ?ilX:: ?iXi.:: To — a vessel 
with water : A'l'AI':: 

Clear, ac/i.R-^.:: n^l^D:: O-A-:: <5.»1"-: 

Clear, v.a. tvVti.'- 

Clear, ac//. »<;.:: -n<.:: P:^?:: PTIAR:: 

Clearer,*. pni^jPiH: rtO)-:: Pt"J.^n«;.: 

Clearly. «c/i . T ') A 1* : : m A » : : 

Clear'uess, s. ^R■/hr:: -Vl^UW:: "ZAX" 

Clear'sighted, nc//. t^,ei-: JE^tlf: paii^',E:: 

Cleave, i.a. rtlm*:: *5.Am:: inTrtlOl 

1»:: •Td.Am:: 
Clea'ver, s. t\'i"\^'- 
Cleft, s. & pa)-/, pass, from to cleave. 
Clem'ency, s. C^i'^h.". 
Clem'ent, adj. C/^t^li :: 
Clergy, s. P* fir: flifi^:- InUf'!':: PT 

•prt-lV: rtCP'T: ^•^?l.:: 
Cler'gyman, s. •tfl:: 

Ici ical, au_y. i"ti I :: fJlUIT:: 
Clerk, 4. «<5.:: tf^&:: P'&fl: ^OK" 
Clev'er, ac//. J^T:: ?vTl?:: 'OAfh:: 
Clev'erness, .s. ^"tt^z: >k(I>"!"V:: 'nAM't*:: 
Clew, s. P/J.'I'A: ^fl:: 
Cliek'et, s. PR^: amfo^^:: 
Client,*. P J- A*!: rt(D':Oumn*: ponH:: 
Chff, or Clift, s. JPTnq : K^O'I' :: h^.J^:: 
Cli'mate, Clime, s. VlA.o^:: 
Climb, v.a. niC.f: ng": 0)^: A,^: (Qf^:: 
Clinch, i.a. ^iVl*!^:: ?knTin«¥': ^H:: 



( 13 ) 



Clinch'er, s. ovyif:: 

Cling, v.n.fnin'p:: Tfli;}:: 

Clink, v.a. n»<.: ^••/oR-: P.«-tl:: 

Cliiik'er, s. m-fl " 

Clip, (.0. ^H:: ^ifii.:: ^^0]:: 

Cloak, v.a. hd.1:: Util:: 

Cloak, s.n-ClTI" 

Clock, s. n"IJ^"JJ»: Pinixr: fl^l-:: 

Clod, s. pav^-l-: 4>^^^.cp,:: 

Clois'ter, s. '1^90:: 

Close, r. H^:: 

Close, adj. PTH:]:: R-t^t^^^A" P^d.n:: 

Close, s. ODH:3-"r :: oucd^i^n:: 

Closely, ac/t. h^in*:: KUf: TTrq«:: 

Clo'seness, s. onrrjn^- 
ClosHs. aii^'T:: 3,^:: 
Clos'et, v.a. nl^JS''^: J^rH'^iini:: TiTi'h- 
Clot, V. 7!. 43:: 
Cloth, s.A-flrt:: t\o^" 
Clothe, v.a. ?iAnrt:: f-re/. Aflrt:: 
Clothier, s. PI-"?]: A-nfl: rtd.J'" 
Cloud, s. J^OTJJ':: 
Cloud, r.a .KCTDf: ?ia)"1:: 
Cloud'less, acZj. Kouf: PA-AOh:: 
Cloud'y, adj. KO"f 9":: 

Clove, s.«I»^C^^<^= = 

Clo'ven, jjor/. PT rt^m 1' : : 

Clo'ver, s. oq-iT:: 

Clo'vered, adj. in}T?»: pooAn'l*:: 

Clout'ed, jx/j-^ P4;):: 

Clown, s. Ti-flje;;-:: 

Clownish, adj. Vlg: ^TI,K": P"^yKC"»" 

CAoy.v.a.H'Ym.-- 'PnOl^.:: TM^IH-: 

Club, s. PYllIK: n-TC" P'HtW'-V-: ^•^?».:: 

Cluck, v.n. h^'^'h'^:: 

Clumsiness, s. JpTarh.Jf: hA«njonC" 

Clumsy, arij. ^Inrf^,^: poijipgof;:: 

Clus'ter, s. HAA- 

Clutch,*. OD^-H" yC'2=>^S'-= 

Clutch, v.a .PH" y^^-HJ:: 

Clut'ter. s. COTfl'l-:: li-Yll-" 

Clyster,*. 5nA.flTC:- "^K::ii,t'i US. 

Coach, s. trolYT-^.TnhC" Ui<^7A:: 

Coag'ulate, J'.o. J\<;;i:: 

Coagula'tion, s. troC;;!-!-:: 

Coal, s. P^TIJ?: 'ini'lA:: 

Coal'ery, s. P^TIJ?: VlrtA: >J^aj^" 

Coalesce, v.n. AlJK*- ?iK^" 'A'iJ?: WS- 

Coales'cence, s. oulfT-'T" AIJ^: "^K"*" 
Coalition, .9. ^i^^i'r•:: otJrtoqaij'f :: oo 

Coarse, adj. Ali-U : ^PAlTl" 
Coarse'ness, s. ?»A""AH-il:: 

Coast, s. (pq/hcO KO- 

Coast, v.n. (D^: HflhC: J^C= *<in" 

Coa'sting, s. AHrhC^ S.O 'i'CP- ^^fl&^O- 

Coat, s. Iri'I-:: A-flfl:: 

Coax, v.a. n8d.fn: ^1C= l^lJ'AA:: 

Cob'ble, r.rt. fn«I»oti:: 

Cob'bler, s. CCLaiJO)''?: fn3""i" 

Cob'web, s. Phd^'l': fLt-:: 

Cochine'al, s. P^C9"H = ^^^■^■ 

Cock, r.a. i^TT: Amm:: 

Cock, s. PfJ^: PiCB-iJ.:: YxOPi.: ^C" 

Cock'atrice, *. pq-fl: h^i^"- 

Cock'erel, s. ^-fjl: ?ii(D'<5;.: ^C- 

Cocks'comb, x. ^Qyi.: ^Q: *I>XA:: 

Coc'tion, s. OD^/v'j-:: 

Cod, s. PQ,d„: TxG/V-: 

Code, X. P^»T: ooR-^jfJ.:: 

Codicil, s. Pr"h°I: ^f-fh: troR-thS." 

Cod'le, r.a. T*^^: i^^nflA: ?\d.A:: 

Coe'qual, nt//. Yl— : :3d.: "KTrVA:: 

Coe'rce, t.o. 7M^:: l^:- ?»A:: iHiH:: 

Coer'cion, s. ai5«7^'t-:: "IJ^: ogAl*"- °^T 

Coer'cive, adj. pm^JP^J^:: "7J^: Po^^j^ 

CT:: Pn^yimH:: 
Coessen'tial, adj. Yl— : :J<5.: Pl^: q/hd" 
Co-eter'nal, arfj. Yl — : ^6,: AMAAT": .PA:: 
Coe'val, s. nH""!: ^A^g•^,:: 
Coexi'st, v.n. V]— ; 3^: ?i^^:: 
Coexist'ent, oc//. Yl— : 3«J,: J? A:: 
Coffee, s. unprepared : n-T:: fhf :: Prepared 

and boiled: 'l»'i<P:: 
Coffer, s. uijtl:: 



( 44 ) 



Coffin, *. «i.iT| : pan«l>ncn'h: "t»T:: 

Cog, s. pouHCDCJP: TCfl- 

Cog, V. n<.T: ?i>%d.m:: nHd.m: YIC,. 

Co'gency, s. 1J^:: 
Co'gent, adj. "IJ^: ^A" 
Cogita'tion, s. nqfrn :: 2\'l'fl :: 
Cog'nate, ocfj. H«njj^:: Pi-H"^K:: 
Cogna'tion, s. THT^JE^r:: "HTDJ^i'l*:: 
Cogni'tion, s. Oa>'l""r:: A^'VF"- 
Cog'nisable, adj. tl^QK: pai^on^oo^:: 

Cog'nisance, s. 0CD'1"'r:: flQ.C£'= «""»C 

Cohab'it, v.n. -TirT:: tl— : :ii.: T?" 
Cohab'itant, s. ^A^jJ■<5.:: "i^a^" Po« 

Cohei'r, s. q^'ig'iJ.: <Dd.«1:: 
Coheir'ess, s. ^A^S:^■: ffl^.flf" 
Cohe're, I'.n. T'Tin'I':: 'T^^H:: 
Cohe'reuce, Cohe'rency, .?. anrtaijaq'V " fl 

Cohe'rent, acy. fltro-aw:: Tpipa;: 
Cohe'sion, s. trofDH fl*:: 
Cohe'sive, adj. po^^fmn*" 
CoOiort, s. T-n?*.:: 
Coil. s. U-ln^:: ttttlt-:: "i^lK fAfl^: 

p-rrnfroiUO"^: TTOJ^:: 
Coil, V. a. m""mw:: 
Coin, s. *CJt" 
Coin, w- a. •I'^X " 
Coin'age, s. trocf^Gq,:: 
Coincide, v.n. m^: iri" nm«ro:: 
Coin'cidence,s.m^: train :: ao-q(l\^:: 
Coincident, ac/;. m^: PlTl" PlOl"":: 
Coin'er, *. •pi.^P':: ^CR'T"- ^ST^'I-'- 
Coition, s. Aw;^*]^: 0"irT^" 
Cold, adj. -nCR"- 

Cold, «. "17"4.T" 

Cold'ish, «f/j. 'V'^-l-: Pn<iK" 

Colday, adi'. nC^" 

Cold'ness, ». HC^- 

Col'ic, «. PU",K": ^C^^-t--- 

Collar, s.^n^:A'flfl:: *^4.■t•" 

Collateral, cc/;. ftrmfl: nmi-fl: ^A:: 

Colla'tion, s. aijfitVlVlA:: trofiml"" T 

Colleague, s. ^A^S'^.:: ?»:iK" 

Colle'ct, ti.a. A^ono:: rtntlH:: M\on^" 

Col'lect, s. :l'rfi: XA"-1':: 

Collec'tion, s. OTJ^-nil-fl:: axtf\-f}fin.y" 

Collective, adj. po^.^nfl'Tl:: Ptn^rtn 

Collect'ively, adv. Trt'HflP:: 
Collect'or, s. rt-fl "^ fl. " A3' ^^ : : 
Col'lege, s. TfAg-:: PVtnti^-: tnjfiTtiq 

Collier, s. PK^^.^: YlrtA: "T-rt^:: 
Colli'sion, s. T}_g-: ODCTDj"-f ;; tir^-f-: 

Colon, s. PS^&jf: oo^^-f (:)" :rA"^" 
Col'onel, jf. PCDrf^C^^: ?iA3'" P^^T,"™'? 

Col'onize, i;.a. lr"A°l,^T: ^kK«i^:: 
Colon'nade, s. yp^^: IfCtJ'" 
Col'ony, s. TnA'l^JP- 
CoFophony, s. l^l^C:: 
Colorific, ac/j. 4'A7": Pt^.PJElO" 
Colos'sus, Colos'se, s. Prtd^: :fA*l*: PTfDI' 

«;: Pf'PAmT": 9"«^A:: 
Co'lour, s. 1»A9":: 
Co'lour, V. a. "fAT": h.^d.l'- 
Co'louring, s. "PAl?":: 
Colourist, *. "tAy": h^K"^.*?,:: "fJZ" 
Co'lours, s. mS^d.:: t^At"J:: <r£>p. ou^l 

Colt, s. "l^ilA:: — of asses : (D'C'?^" 
Co'lumbary, s. P^I'll: ft-t-:: 
Col'uiuu, s. ^^x."" 

Comb, s. P^C: •I'KA:: PRT-C"- ""R-r^TJ?:: 
Comb, ua. Rl'-C;^: KCl- 
Com'bat, s. R-A:: l^A" "^JRA" oto 

Com'bat, V. 'r:JKA:: hHOOf:: -iJrlti-: T 

Com'batant, s. TTT.-: HT^-TV--: T;):^^:: 
Combina'tion, s. a^J^^*5■T:•. ^iL^,K■'i'■^:: 
Combine, v. 2\1^: i^KO- ?ilf T" im 

ou:: llniln:: 


( 45 ) 


Combi'ned, part. T}J^: ^A:: 
Combus'tible, adj. pa^l^:: Poti$'a\A". 
Combus'tion, s. oo-}j^j^:: oo^'niA" 
Come, v.n. emiTi:: impcrat. m. f :: /. ^^:: 

orTPL:: pL Y"- 
Comeliness, s. JVlH'fl:: "ITgur: od^V] 

Comely, acT/. jpoq^:: p-frtoijmj:: J^yf:: 
Comely, arfi'. ?ii70i^:: "Trto^"?"'?-:: 
Com'et, s. ^•<5.T: ^A: tiYl-fl" 
Com'fort, V. a, ?iXrr:: A-fl: ?iKO" AA 

Com'fort, s. ^fl:^:: •TORffl':: pn^JET"! 
C" *A^:: 

Com'fortable, ocf/. ptn^yRrf:: J^fl: po^ 

Com'fortless, adj. ptnj^SfF:: ^;J41i':: 

Cora'ing, s. autjan\i^y. 

Coming, part, ponoonrj:: i^crorrj:: 

Command, s.-»»M"H:: ^^'^:: M^A"!!:: 

Comma'nd, ua. ?iHH:: UJAfm" IH"- 

Command'er, s. ?kH^;: 

Commem'orate, t).a. ?\>1rtJl:: ?tfl3'l*in:: 

Commemora'tion, s, «"J"1l1n.^:: oqfl3"l1 

Commen'ce, v. gau^:: 
Commen'cement, s. augoro(;_p:: 
Comme'nd, v.a. J^crort'll:: ?»K«^"- 1^01 -= 
Commend'able, Of/;, poiiourtn:: Ktlf" 
Commendation, *. •jofi:!!':: ?iK^: «™i*l 

Commend'atory, ocfj. pcn^yourtT}:: 
Comme'nt, v.n. fl— : t'fl^" 
Com'mentaiy, s. ptroR-di^: paog.^'p: 

Commentator, s. pooR.rf,S,T: "«^<5.5': 

Com'merce, I. n. hPm:: TilPm:: TAO) 

Com'merce, s. onhPI*" 
Commer'cial, arfj. pooilPT:: 
Com'missary, s. oro_g-'^lT:: ?i^<5.T.:: 
Commission, s.1->.H'H:: ^"^"^'i•.• 
Commis'sion, v.a. hHH" JMUAfDl" 
Commis'sioner, s. PTtUAmV. hJ^^-T.- 

Commi't, v.a. hKO" rt^.- ?\»TlAfi;: rt 

Commit'tee.s.^A^^^-: (PonVjC^:) T-nh." 
Commo'dious,arf>.^Vii7n{-: Vp-jq.. pA.AOh:: 
Com'modore, s. 'hqo^^C"- P^A.: trot^Vip 

Com'mon, ac//. PT^lYlA:: AU'A': jPA:: 
Com'mon, s. Pl-Hh,: >A^:: 
Com'monalty, s. thTI'll :: 
Com'monly, s. (D'tC" 
Com'mons, s. rh'H'fl:: PrhU'fl: ocA^nt 

Commonweal'th, s. PHAlC^: T-H?!.:: i»A: 

TfTJi*': no^'Yl^'f: hf^"IA°¥: PT^ 

^IM: troTUW^:: 
Commo'tion, s. OTn^:: 
Commu'ne, v. n. 1nA.A: ;jd.: ^^^;^l^: 

'AKO- TnA.A: ^in-. Tln4.d.A:: Yl 

<5.A:: rtm:: 
Commu'nicant, s. 4»«(^nTl: POi^LfflflJ^: 

Commu'nicate, uti, Y1A»A: 3<5»: Kl^l^ 

?ij?0" t"Vl4.d.A:: ua.Tri<5.A:: rtfi): 

Communica'tion, s. ODYl4,dLA:: ODfifii''t': 

Commu'nicative, a(?j. rtE^.:: TYl4.<i£" 
Commu'nion, s. ^k'JJ[^^■t':: PVlCft'^ft: ^ 

Commu'nity, s. JPHC;: T-H^i.:: JPlt^: 'hnh.: 

Com'pact, s. Yl.J^'i:: 

Compa'ct, adj. Jt^h" 

Compaet'ness, s. R-r^:: 

Companion, .9. H A'J^fi.:: 

Company, s. T-HA." 

Com'parable,arf/.YlA>A: 3^: PO^.«ro«l!rtA:: 


Compar'atively, arfv. YlA-A: 116,: Ttrof|A°:: 

Compa're, v.a. V1A.A: ^J^.: 001^ ^A: 

Comparison, s. ooaui^i^^;: 

Com'pass, v.a. YinU:: 

Com'pass, ooYin-fiy:: H-CJP" P^^^t 

Com'passes, s. PYlXth A-fl : ooHCJP" 
Compas'sion, s. ^bU^^T:: (;'i<5.t:: 


( 46 ) 



Compas'sionate, adj. C/^^^^:: 00,1^,5 ;; gm 

Compas'sionately, adv. nC,'^6,'\" 
Compa'triot, s. Pn^HC,: nAlj^J-^.:: 
Compel. V. a. 1J^: ?i£<'J:: "1^: ?»A:: 

Compella'tion, s. oun^:: 
Compen'dious, adj. ^C/V-'- Fl'P^C.'V: PT 

Compen'dium, s. n4»^CT= "ilC^ PTHd.: 

Compen'sate, Compen'se, r.o. ItU: 2\J^t!^T:: 

Compensa'tion, *. Vji^:: ACI^'P:: ^^:: K"" 

Com'petenee, Com'petency, s. ou-fi J^:: ^w 

A'n'}:: ^A-'t".: 
Com'petent, adj. P ti^n 3* : : 5F£ : : A" A «TiT : 

Com'petently, ac?u. n •!•■¥":: nM»A"n:: 
Competi'tion, s. onqj^gijn;: 
Compet'itor, s. poqi>^ggD:: 
Compila'tioD, s. o«Al"?°" o^fl'ttfl-l}" 
Compi'le, r.o. m^: A^f™:: 
Compi'ler, s. A^n^f : KT^"^- 
Complai'n. i;.n. Yt^: iOP: 7'\i\:: poi^^fl 

^I^OP'i: tm." (D'Ptl"- "nfifi-- 
Complain'ant, s. ?»H'i'r?':: Yl fl " 
Complaint,*. KHl" ttif^^^- o^t\6.:: 

Complaisa'nce, s. ^fl: cnjrtVI-:: a)C:^" ?it 

Complaisa'nt. adj. >»h.: ptn^A:: ^^1= P"^ 

Com'plement. s. avqa/^ff-.: 

Complement'al. adj. potj^^^AfD-T : ep, 

Comple'te. adj. ^X, •?» : : 9" A- : : 
Comple'te, i.a. 00/^:: «5.XO":: 
Comple'tion, s. oo^Jni^^:: oujJ.K*?"" 
Com'plex, flrf/. Yl-flH-: i\Q.A- P-VliU""" 
Complex'ion.s. PA-Tf: PIA: U-A-: I'AT":: 
Compli'ance, «. "hfl:}"" 
Compli'ant, adj. T^tl,-- P"^A:: 

Com'plicate, odj. PT'M'M:: PW: PAIT 

I:: P1-fno"OD:: 
Complica'tion, s. ODi-'}>T:: aoTcmiTD:: 

Com'pliment, *. mjoofni:: VlflC" '^'^ 

Compliment'al, arf;. P rt A 7^' :^ : : P Vl 'fl C "• 
Comply', v.n. :rHH:: ^iJT.: 2\A:: 

Comp'onent, at//. Ttjot^:: 
Compo'rt, v.refl. (h.y,:: hRd.1:: 
Compo'rt, Comport'mcnt, s. Y\^(h.K"-'- 
Compose, V. a. n6.A•^: Vl^A-T: A'i^: U- 

A^'*^r: ^^^^T:: 

Compo'sed, pnr^ PfirT- 
Composer, s. po^jPlf^:: 
Composi'tion, s. injirT"1":: 
Compos'itor, s. po^^^r^: rtCI^:: 
Compo'sure, s. EVfc9"'t':: ^0^A"•■^•.: 
Compound, v. AP: AR: ^C^ TiJ^: ?iiT 

Com'pound, s. YlAR: AP: VH5.A: P-Tlm 

Comprehe'nd, r.a. ?»fl1iTA:: m/S^: J?H :: 
Comprehen'sible, adj. «^flTTA-: P^f^.C 

Comprehen'sion, s. tr^flTTA- mj^: *"» 

Comprehen'sive, adj. Kfl'TT^" rt<L:: 
Compre'ss, v. a. tv"\'f\^: T^^.- 
Com'press,s.«l»^i*IA: PtniH:jn'V:"^\XJC.y:: 
Compres'sion, s. fJTj^j^'"j-:: 
Com'promise, s. cm ^ ai] atj ."(. : ; otj ^- |J^i|»_p : : 
Compuls'atively, adv. "JJ^: J\^"£;'i" 
Compiils'atory, ac//. PTI^:: n"J,K':JPA:: 
Compul'siou, 5. n"I^: "flj^*^"!:: tnj^^-"i':: 
Compul'sive, Compul'sory, ad/. P°1JE^:: flT 

J^: ^A" 
Compunc'tion, s. 'MVi'.i 
Compu'table, adj. po^^tnC.:: 
Computa'tion, s. oiicjv'.flof^:: 
Compu'te, v.a. TJ^": ''h-fUd.:: 
Compu'ted, parf. P't'^tl)^:: 
Com'rade, s. QAl^d,:: 
Con'cave, ad;. (D^: (D'M'T: PTT-nffi:: 
Concav'ity, s. (DR: (D'A"T: ""'MIT:: 


( 47 ) 


Conceal, r. a. h hi:: f\(Dd.:: 
Conceal'able, oc//. pin^hh"!:: Po^irtflDC" 
Concea'lment, s. ao-hh°JJP:: OofiayQ^:: 
Conce'de, i;.fl. -rCD:: "XiT.: ?iA:: llim:: 
Concei't. s. ?iifl'n:: 'I'Oll.'Y':: 
Coneei't, v.a. 'hflti" 
Conceit'ed, pa/-<. ^OO.'TI':: 
Concei'vc, V. a. t-fntX" fvd.'JH'^:: ?ifl 

Conceiv'able. oc/> AoqflTTA: patj^-^nc." 
Conceiv'er, s. hfitV^" 
Concen'trate, n"nTiYlA: rtOrtH:: 
Concep'tion, s. ooQTH:: ^I'l'fl:: o^flT 

Conce'rn, I'.a. g«»f|:: ?\A:: 
Conce'rn, s.>J^^:: YJC,"- ^vi^-fl:: TllH.:: 
Concem'ing, prep. flA :: fl — :: 
Concert, r.o. nflO^C: ?»H:J^:: 
Con'cert, s. VlAR: AP: il6.<f^: PTrto^ 

Conees'sion, s. ocf (D'^:: "Xfl.: '^^A'"!' :: 

Conciliate, i:a. l\f\'Xd.'P"- 

Concilia'tion, s. wq ills' <!^^ :: 

Concil'iator, s. ?\fl3'<J.«^:: 

Conci'se, orf;. ^C.'V-' 

Conci'seness, s. ll'l^C.'V- YIC.- o^i'lC.'- 

Conci'sion, s. av^^^z: 

Con'clave, s. PC9»: kktf- PA.a'Ohlf: 

Conclu'de, v.a. tdi^rt:: 114,1: ?)iCD"l:: 

Conclu'sion, s. ODga<?;i1:: anaea,^i%:: 

Conclu'sive, adj. eg^^fl:: paSid.S,-: 
Con'cord, s.oartoqoi;.^:: 

Concord'ant, Q(?/. pfrnTPfTO:: pan rtaijcrq:; 

<^»p(yn;: f|0iJ'0O»:: 
Concord'ate, ». cm'J^'Y^-- Poo"|fn'?": 1 

Con'course, s. on rt-fj rt n.^ : : 
Concrete, v. a. AP: ^C: AIJ^: '/i^d.!-: 
Concie'te, adj. AIJ^: PlTi: AE: YIC."- 
Concre'tion, s. PAR: 51 S. A: Al£-l^: 

till If}:: 
Con'cubine, s. pcp-l: I^KT'- OtJ-fl:: 
Concu'piscence, s. P^;j: ooouf-V:: 
Concu'r, v. n. T'lrT:: 

Concur'rence, s. (ro^fY'l':: 

Coneur'rent, adj. mjC": PO^CP- P°H.1T 

^:: poi^Ty?":: 
Concus'sion, s. ao^4.'f :: troT[4»'i*:: 
Conde'mn, v.a. Tf>>ii:: 
Condemna'tion, s. Yl^H.:: 
Condem'natory, «f//. Por^VhlT:: 
Conden'sate, v.a. P<i^'l>«pa>'T: MC: ?kKiW:: 
Condensa'tion, s. ou^'iKT:: 
Conde'nse, r. ?i^l.?l:: 
Condens'er, s. ?iKl^^:: 
Condesce'nd, u n. <5.rr1: 't'*P4K" 
Condescen'sion, s. ffocpj^j^:; 
Condi'tion, s. state : 'i'flfi^'t':: Of llOTjoijij.:: 
Condi'tional, adj. n'"lrta*JC"j^: JPA:: 
Condole, v.n. >»THL?ii-fI(h.C'.P>*f«= ?»A:: 

ri— :3^.: 2\H!i:: 
Condo'leroent, s. TnA,A: :!<;.: "^Hl:: Ttli 

Hhn<h.C: ^X-ril: t"3A^:: 
Condona'tion, s. JE4'C= •"JA'1":: 
Condor, s. Plfic;: h^lT:: 
Condu'ce, n. 7). tn4'0«:: ^^T:: 
Condu'cive, cc/;. ptn^fn^?^:: Po^^^T:: 
Con'duct, s. tiugo^.^:: OD^,h/p:: J\V),h. 

Condu'ct, v.a. OD<5,:: To — oneself: «h..^:: 

foOAAfl:: ?»KO" 

Conduct'or, s. od^:; 

Con'duit, s. Pdh^: mjdv^:. 

Confec'tioner, s. ?\}i«J.i'l'':: 

Confed'eracy, s. ^ilJEM'l-:: an rtai]inj •■!•:: 

Confed'erate, s. PYl,^T: l'1ri«J„C:: 
Confed'erate, v. a. 1fi D**- nn •- ■t-rtrtnaii-- 
Confedera'tiou, .V. t\i^\^" iTI.P'}:: 
Confer, u. To — with: TirT:: fo^tl^:: 

To — upon: fl(U". 
Con'ference, s. aD^f■}'i':: "fH?!.:: 
Confe'ss, V. a. sentiments, faith : ^on^:: ^A 

X:: ?ifl:r(D1>:: Sins: THH:: TfHH:: 
Confess'edly, ar/u "Jv-J^: THA:: >.lj^A:: 
Confes'sion, s. on^ao'}:: od'^aR':: "^fl 

J-O)*:: orofHTI:: 
Confes'sor.s.^raq^^:: qrafi^^:: rtaijO'l-:: 

Plfl'h: ?vTt-:: 


( 'IS ) 


Confida'nt, Con'fident, «. p-J-tm^-.: 

Confi'de, v.n. ?k*nji:: ^od):: v.a. tig,6.: 

rtm:: 2\flJ-atJl:: 
Con'fidence, s. oo^oroT;:: arjaw^;: 
Con'fident, adj. pt^]^,^9"o^:: 
Con'fine, v. a, (Dtl\ :: H^J :: 
Confi'ne, s. (Drtl:: J^CSf- 
Confi'nement, *. croajrt'}:: ddh^J'I':: nfi 

Confi'rm, v.a. ?kXr:: 

Confirma'tion, s. mjR:f '1':: 

Confis'cate, ua. IIHR-T: Atl'-'kl: (DflRr. 

Confisca'tion, s. TlH-fn: AYl'^il.: crtJ(j>rt 

Confla'grant, adj. niJJ: P^n^lJ^" 
Conflagra'tion, s. ^A^: ''"'iKiK'" ou^j 

Confli'ct, V. n. "f^ K A " T "1 A " 

Con'flici, s. a";j<^A:: {D^T'T:: au-j-'Jg^:: 

X'fl:: aD"lAi':: 
Con'fluence, *. P^illh: •"'rt'flrt'fl:: aWJ^ 

CoD'fluent, o(f_/. d,i^: Ptn^'lf*?:: 
Con'flux, s. oo7rT-"f:: 

Confo'rm, r.a. onrtA:: "Xl.^: — : ?»^0" 
Confo'rmable. arf/. "X'lK: •?"»^A(I>: ^A:: 
Conforma'tion, s. crocrortA:: ooYlTA:: 
Conform'ist, s. "hTiy,: T^^^: 2\;^^T.:: "/^ 

h.: n^:: TViS-^:: 
Confo'rmity, s. aoaiirtA:: "Ah-J:: ""TTI 

Confou'nd,t7.o.(pog^lToii(i>.-}:) ^OA*?:: 

hrtgi'l':: ?irt<5.*?;:: 

Confrater'nity, s. (D'?J^9o^t':: "H^oj^r:: 

flj^g-i^:: nA-?j^CH" h^J?VT:: 
Confro'nt, r.a. ?k7rr:: (l&rP: ^^u^-: 
Confu'se, v.a. ^nA'l':: 2\fl^l«l':: iMHYlR-: 
Confu'sion.s. OD^-nA*:: JEir^JH.:: oqfl 

Bi^:: Alrifi1nrt:r:: 

Confu'teble, arfj. ani^Qz pai^lfA:: PO^T 


Confuta'tion, s. R^T:: fl^T^I: "oi^f;:: 

Confu'te, v.a. tliht^'i: H^:: 

Congea'I. v. n. (Pd.flfl: YIC.:) fi-flCJ?: Xf - 

Congeal'able, adj. IlilCJ;^: 0+= ooRM': 

Congeal'ment, «. n-flCJ^- ^"1+= '"'R'^•■^:: 
Conge'niai, ac//. JP^Jt^: fmji: JPA:: Hoo 

Con'geon, s. J^TiYl:: 
Congratulate, v.a. TrtAOO;: 
Congratiila'tion, s. iHJrtA^^:: rtAT"^:: 
Con'gregate, adj. -Trtnrtn:: J\n«C:: TYl 

Congrega'tion, s. T^nJS.:: "TiflC:: 

Congress, s. l-f^Tv." flTi:: 

Congru'ity, s. oufiai}ai]-'i- :; aoTfnyn:; 

Con'gruous, af?/. pai^rt"T"J:: Pt^TfriTO:: 
rtoTJ'OTh":: "n»9n:: 

Coiyec'tural, oc(;.>ia)'W: rt^rTO)*: ■>>^K: 

?iirt-n: PO»nA:: 
Conjec'ture, s. "^iO^W: 5'A: oo^rO^^: 

nrt'n:O^A^-:: oofnd.mC:: 
Conjec'ture, (.n. 'Tmd.m^:: yofAH^: I 

Oh: ?»A:: ourtA:: ?\rtn:: 
Conjoi'n, v.a. MrT:: Mm"":: h'^ild,:: 

^l^^: hg*^!:: 
Coujoin'ed, part-, ^nd,:: T^-UO ^ti" 
Conjoint'ly, adv. TvfXQ:: m^:: 
Con'jugal, ad/, poo^jq^:: 
Conjugate, D. a. hTiS:- ?ȣ41:: KOOK" 3* 

A^: >k'}K: flTrtO^: A^C^-t-: A«P 

Conjugd'tion, s. ctdr-odj^:: P^A: OOAQ) 

T: nrtTrtOh:: 
Conju'nct, adj. Pf lOlOD:: J^IP^: P/\:: 
Conjunc'tion, s. ooqpuj^:: T^lJ^J-t-i: oo 

irT'T:: cmimU^:: 
Conjunct'ive, 0(7/. pin^Tpyti:: 
Conju're, «. n. To enjoin solemnly: ^017/^:: 

To conspire: -roijoijAi:; To practice en- 
chantments: ^fiotjmj:: 
Con'jurer, s. hrtt^JT? :: 
Conna'te, ad/. HOO^:: tlAA: :j&.: Pt(D 

Conne'ct, r.a. hTi^: ?kKO-" ^moo:: "5^ 

Connect'ed, part. P't'lffioo;: PTrttnjoy:: 
^-JJf : yA:: 


( 49 ) 


Conne'x, v. a, i.q. Connect. 

Connex'ion, s. un'jaX'P^:- anfiaqaqt-:: 

Connivances. >,i"|,: •njAl':: J^AtroYiA 

Conni've, v.n. m^C". hAYlAYlAT":: 
Con'quer. r.a. ^A: i^:: ?ihi<5.:: PillT 

Con'querable, adj. J^gi : ptn^^uf f\ff- ;; 

Con'queror, s. hhfd.:: 

Con'quest, s. oq f| i^ :: ^A : crj-} u/i?!- ;: j^ 

A: nIro^"^i': p-riT: 3^^C" 

Consanguin'ity, s. PJ^7»: 'H9n_g'r:: 
Con'science, s. /hA.r:: PnlT: PVl^: (XD' 

Conscien'tious, adj. >k^£: nlf: Vl^: Odh 

•ff: hJ^d.T.:: 
Con'scious, adj. _Pa)«I>:: rt.JP{D-'|»:: 
Con'sciously, oc^u. n(l>*f^:: ?»(!>' 4^:: 
Con'sciousness, s. oijfl)^:: OQ>''P'^:: 
Con'secrate, v. a. ^g_f]:: 
Consecra'tion, s. troJfgfj:: ^^rt,:: 
Consen'sion, Conse'nt, ,5. onrtuyoij^:: !^-j 

Conse'nt, un. Yl — : ;jd.:'rri'"JO^" >ih.: 

Con'sequence, s. ptn^Vi-fA: YiC." ^d,:: 
Conse'quent, adj. pai]j.VlTA:: 
Con'sequently, ady.1nH.JP: (DK.jP:: 1?»T1.K. 

«:: Therefore: flARtJ:: 
Conserva'tion, s. oumfl^:: 
Conserv'ative, flrf;. P"V,{V.i\^--- 
Conserv'atory, s. oofnn^y:: 
Consid'er, v.KflU" 

Consid'erable, ac^/. "Jsg-:: 'nH-:: :t'A*:: 
Consid'erably, adv. "h'S^I" 
Consid'erate, adj. ?\"1n.:: 
Consid'erately, adv. TxtlP" 
Considera'tion, s. ^ii*!-!!:: oijrt-fl:: 'P^ti-'f:: 
Consi'gn, v. a. h>lAei: AAA: rtfll:: 
Consignment, s. K^AG.: •rofim'f:: 
Consi'st, v.n. iOP" IT\" ?»A:: fd."- 
Consist'ence, Consist'ency, s. erofC:: on^f 

Consist'ent, arf/. "IT??":: Cioo^o^r. 

Consist'ently, adv.'}'V^P■• 

Consist'orial, adj. PfXf^tl" 

Consist'ory, s. PaT: VtCflXyi- 2^A*^': 


Consola'tion, s. A-fll: "^Rff^:: PA-fl: 

Consol'atory, orfj. pm^yRrf:: A-m: P 

Console, u a. hXrr:: A'fl- T\S.d.l" A A 

Consoler, s. panyKff :: 
Consoridate, u ?iiRf :: 
Consolida'tion, s. o^R-T^:: 
Con'sonance, s. rt^nT":: PS'9"X': «rorto^ 

on^:: ?i^£■i^:: 
Con'sonant, ac?/. fiowoo-:: 
Con'sonant, s. lr>Tr'n^:: YlAA: d-KA: 

3<J-: •nj': pa»J.n«Tq: iLK^:: 
Con'sort, s. 1 A^S■^■:■ 
Conspicu'ity, s. 'fl<J,lli^ :: 
Conspic'uous, ac7;. po^^^:: 
Conspi'racy, s. _PA : ^"|: nflCD-C: JPH^^ 

f : PTt^Jti^JA^: 'fl.S.'i" 
Conspi'rator, Conspi'rer, .v. fl^JC: AJE: flfl 

(D-C: Pt»"J"^A: l1a>:: 
Conspi're, v.n. OfhT: AjK: nfta>.C: ?^^J^ 

I'TT: ?»^Ci: -rfnjoijA:: 
Con'stable, v. TfTSfl^-nA:: mC- J\Sm^: 

Con'stancy, s. OBR-f'f:: 

Con'stant, adj. ptnjtRf:: a)'>C= Ji'A:: P 

Con'stantly, arfv. X^■f":: (D'TC:: 
Constella'tion, s. PYlTlTl'n't': *^"irT1*:: 
Consterna'tion, s. J^I^K.:: 
Con'stipate, v.a. If^'i: TxRdJ^:- 
Constipa'tion, s. PITJ^: J^f^^S^:: 
Constit'uent, a(/j. An (fh^^: Ptn^lH:: 
Constit'uent, s. PT-H^i.: -flA^:: 
Con'stitute. v. a. Yl-flH-: ^i^JE^: hK^l" 

hnoqcnj:: UJ<5.:: 
Constitu'tion, s. oij;uf<j,^:: juj(^ci^':: oofi 

Constitu'donal, adj. "hTi^: fJ^C.^'t"- jPA:: 

G G 


( 50 ) 


Constrai'n, v.a. niK": h.Rd.T.: IRR"- ?k 
n^:: 1R: ?»A:: 

Constrai'nt, s. IJEJ;: injA'Tr-:: TflAVlJi:: 
Constric'tion, s. ooYIAYiA" 
Constru'ct,t;.a. UJ<;." ?\'](ntro:: 
Construe' tion, s. o^J^^A"-- 
Con'strue, v.a.^'^-: dl,:^:.• 
Consubstan'tial, adj. Yl— : ^li.: JPI^: Hrh 

Consubstantial'ity, s. PTrhi: ?k^^l'*^:: 

Consubstan'tiate, i;.a. mj^: lihi: T\1£"T:: 

Consubstantia'tion, s. PTfhi: JiTfJ^i't":: 

Con'sul, s. ^-JlY-A:: 

Con'sular, adj. P«l»^^^A:: 

Con'sulate, Con'sulship, s. •^^^r'A^:: P*T 

Consu'lt, I'.a. Yl — : 3*5.: To^Yl*^:: 
Consul ta'tion, s. croai|YlC:: 9«VlC:- 
Consu'mable, ac/j. pcn^«4.g-:: poi^JPA^:: 
Consu'me, v.a. A,^". ?\«Sa1>:: To eat: 
nA" To drink: mm:: To siJend: 

Consu'med, part, ^til"-- P TdX - 
Consum'mate, v.a. d.RO^:: 
Consumma'tiou. s. oo^KT":: ^8"^:: 
Consump'tion, s. ou^^-ft-:: 
Consump'tive, at?;, pm^^.g':: 
Con'tact, s. ooj^fl:: *ro_g>4f|:: 
Conta'gion. s. YlrtO)-: (DK: t\(D^: P9°:rA 

0.- nil:!-:: 

Conta'gious, adj. n^^^^tl'- ?iA<L:: 
Contai'n, v.a. ?iAn^:: ^H:: 
Contain'able, adj. pmiyH " 
Contam'inate, t?.a. ht^Trbrt:: i?\"^K<5." 
Contam'inate, adj. C.'fV'fl'-'- 
Contamina'tion, *. aocXt'tl" OR^" 
Conte'mn, v.a. f^". ^A: ?»A:: 
Contem'plate, v. 2\ rt fl : : 
Contempla'tion, *. at} fi-Tl :: K'Tf-fl :: 
Contem'plative, ac(;. ?\«Tin.:: 
Contempla'tor, s. 2\"^n.:: 
Contemporary, s. nK"nT: n^.lS'*^'" 
Contemp'orary, Contempora'neous, ac//. HH 

oo-i: nA'J^^-JPA:: 
Conte'mpt, «. OOF*:: ^ArO^A-l*:: 

Contempt'ible. adj. po^'f*:: ^A: P""! 

HA:: PfmS^'M:: 
Contempt^ibly, adv. ^A: T-nA-:: tt'^l: 

Contempt'uous, af/j. ptnjj^T*:: ^AHJK:: ^ 

Conte'nd, u TTn^.Yl^^:: 
Contend'er, s. 't'ni^'n6:: 
Conte'nt, adj. n^^- PO^A:: 
Conte'nt, r. t}^'"^: "^JA^:: PAfl: X^'H:: 
Conte'nt, r. a. i^fl: ^ilVf:: 
Content'ed,parf. na*^: Ptr^A:: PO^yii'i" 
Conten'tion, s. X-fl:: »A:: VlC^C- °"* 

Content'ious, at?/. PVlC^C: CDi^g":: 
Conteut'less, ac/j. ptnj_px°l'n:: OiP"?: P'^ 


Content'ment, s. PA-fl: ODR-'l-n:: fl^^'i: 

Conte'nts, s. J^Afl'T:: ofHl-fl:: 
Contest, s. R-A:: K'fl:: o«'l'j^K9^:: 
Conte'st, u R-tl: hK*!^" TXA:: ffJ^K 

on.: f'h«5.Yl4" 
Contest'able, adj. poU.Yli.YlC.^'t'-- 
Con'text, s. oui'iaqa^^-:: 
Contig'uous, adj.^:: 
Con'tinence. or Con'tiuency, s. P£^^'(D'l': 

croYlATnA:: llAVl: o^rC:: 
Continents. 'n'iXi'i-'f ■■ ^flt-: JP^J^A 


Con'tinent, adj. Y^lVl: PI^^^^ :: 

Contin'ual, adj. Pffli'C" 
Contin'ually, oc/d. (D'VC- 
Contin'uancc, s. oijiiffiTC"- ^ijsr^:: »« 

Continua'tion, s. mj-Hfflfq:: orofi;:: 

Contin'ue, ua. ?»H(D't'4:: I'.n. f*^:: Xl*:: 
I'fflT^:: Tl'oum:: 

Continu'ity, s. trDH(DTC:: 

Con'traband, adj. PTYIATRA: (Tvg'):: 

Con'tract, s. owrtKvO'J'l-:: Yl,^^:: A mar- 
riage — : irqcri.:: 

Contra'ct, V. «I>^£;T* : ?k^C'1= JPH:: tfiari 
o^:: To— friendsliip: (DJ^It"i-"f: h^^^O- 


( 51 ) 



To — debts : 0^a^^: ?»£0" To — a 

marriage: ?itq.:: 
Contrac'tion, s. aq«^X(^:: 
Contradi'ct, v.a. Vj^:: nAA: llC.'- AJJ: T 

Contradict'er, s. "hg":: nA.A: A^: tT;!*;:: 
Contradic'tion, s. VlJ^'I':: nA.A: AJ2: o" 

Contradict'ory, adj. ^^:: PO^^TP?":: 

Con'trarily, (jcZv. Jl — : /\^:: 

Con'trary, adj. [\ — : ^JJ: JPA" 

Con'trast, s. avtip-l-.: £^p\f:i Yx^aufi 

Contra'st, v.a. Yxt\.oof\'a^"^''f'i: ?i«^P:: 

Contrast'ed, port. APil:!: <L'V: tiAA". PS* 

Contrib'utary, ac//. panta.9"C" CCl^^i" 

Contrib'ute, r. CRP^d.-'- 

Contrib'uting, pari, cam? i:: rt.Ca.9«C:: P 

Contribu'tion, s. trojXl'^'C" •'^CQ.*'''CJP" 

Con'trite, adj. ^<I>*-f|:: 
Contri'tion, s. aTJ^ip--fi:: ovcp^^.. 
Contrivance, s. P-flAH't": fid.:: 
Contri've, v.a. flTSA^Ii': fli.". 
Contri'ver, s. p-nA4'l': f!«i:: 
Controu'l, s. tJtJIH'T:: oufnn^:: 
Controu'l, v.a.lH" (DWP" 
Control'lable, adj. YlO^J^H'^: nj''¥': jPA:: 
Control'ler, s. I'Jfi:: fm^:: 
Con'troversy, s. |lC;5lC:: ""'"I't":: 
Controver'sial, adj. PVlC.VtC.'- ■ 
Controve'rt, v.a. TYld-Yl*;:: fT^'PIT:: 
Controvertible, adj. paii'ni.'flC.fl^ :■ 
Contumelious, adj. l{D>q: ^All^:: Pfl 

Con'tumely, 4, igj^:: KD'C" flR'^" 
Contu'se, r.a. «l>ml'm:: ?»K1«l':: 
Contu'sion, s. oo^f^:: ^tlA" 
Convales'cence, s. ^^lh'^'I"^. ov^T,:: 
Convales'cent, adj. Ylih^*}^-- P^Sr'i" 
Conve'ne, t;.a. rtnrtn:: ?iYlO^T:: v.n.f 

i*inrtn:: -rYio^T':: 

Conve'nience, s. SS^V7- T.H: <Djeil*I: tlQ.6.:: 


Conve'nient, adj. po^SH-^lC,:: 
Conve'niently, adv. ^J^^IQ:: 
Con' vent, s. 1^9":: 
Convent'icle, s. PTl1(D4^: l-H?*,:: 
Convent'ion.s. orort-flrtn:: 0"rt-nrtn.^ 
T-nh.:: mi:: crartaqaq^:: Yl^J^T 
Conversant, ac/;. J? a)1»:: ?iTl;:: hfltT^ 
Conversa'tion.s. ooEq.O)''!':: Kla):^:: onf 

Con' verse, *. ooccia)^:: tro^piQ:-. 
Conve'rse, v. n. TECWDT :: "VT^l^:: 
Conver'sion, s. oijao/\i*|:: 
Con'vert, s. 'fljm.K'Pi Pf«J"Art: fl(B':: 

An•^: PAfOm: I'lO^:: 
Conve'rt, v.a. OD^f| .: ACDOl :: 
Convert'er, s. ooAfi:: ATEp>:: 
Con'vex, ac//. (DK: ^l^: PVfim:: fflR: 

o^Jt^: 'h'flT:: 
Convex'ity, s. (DE: "^^: "OT-nT:: 
Conve'y, v. a. Kii A <5. : : T h Yl oo : : 
Convey'ance, s. oq«lA^^:: afl"TlA^:: ou 

Convey'er, s. hilAiS.:: th'h'i^:: 
Convi'ct, uo. IhCD'i-t-l: WS.'- A'fl: ?ȣ 

Con'vict, s. :}m.?k't5: nq,CJ^: PTIAR: H 

Convic'tion, s. P(D''i^: oo<>|/\8::: PA-fl: 

Convict'ive, GcT/. 'X(I>^'1''i: flA-fl: P«"iJP 

Convin'ce, uo-^iOM^I: OA'fl: ?irttn|:: 
Convin'ci ble, ac/;. I^Oh^^l: nAU: P^^ 

Convin'cingly, ac/«. "Xa^H'l: nA-fl: hrt 

Convoca'tion,s.otJi^.fjf|.f|::\.:: hll:: 
Convo'ke, w.a. q^^: ?if|R^:: AT-Q?*.: 


Convul'se, r.a. jJ-ITV: K'1'5*}»«^'J'rt:: 
Convul'sion, s. njfJI^: aqs^1«I><1«l»f|:: 
Con'y, s. ooi'VA.:: 
Cook, s. P(DS: lid:: ^*A: ?»,g-d.T.:: 



( 52 ) 


Cook, v.a. «I'«|»A" 

Cook'ery, ». ^«^A" 

Cool, w.n. «I>H*H:: fa. ?i1>H4«H:: J\n 

Cool, a. ^'HJ'H:: 

Cool'er, s. 2\«I>'H 3» [H! : : 

Cool'ness, s. ^"H^Tf " 

Coop, s. nC«^A: pn^iOTOflA: >»?•:: 

Cooj/er. s. pnC"RA: rti" 

Co-op'erate, r.n. Yl — : ;3i.: rt<J.:: J\1H : 

Co-opera' tion, s. Pfld.: qA'illC^'t*" °^ 

Co-or'dinate, arfj. RM'C'^^: >kY>A: ^A:: 
Coot, s. PCD-:}: ^C" 
Cope, 1'. n. -pj^tv:: 

Coj/ier, Coj/vist, s. PA.A(!>T: Rd/V- H^" 
Co'ping, «. -r;3J^^:: TI'^^OR:: 
Co'pious, adj. >»jt^1:: 
Cop'per, s. Wfl:: 

Cop'peras,s. P^^: ^ro^<5.fl:: PJ^.I: croJl^:: 
Cop'per-plate, s. PWh: tr^" 
Cop'persmith, s. pmtl: Tt'^^ £.V ••■ 
Cop'pery, adj. \Htl ■ .FA n'^ - 
Cop'ulate, r. XO"_!^:: na";jn'"l': -nfT:: 
Copula'tion, s. au^ ob^ : : iro;n 't- : : 
Cop'ulative, adj. ptn^^l^^:: 
Cop'y,s. PK&/f. ^^" U-ti-VV: »d.'t:: 

K'iK:- Er&JV- CD^ft: •TORthS." 
Cop'y, I'. PT«S,T: 9n«^A.: ?».^0" 
Coque'tte, s. ?l:^A^'t=: ft^" 
Cor'al, s. In^A" PnAiC= ^A= KIIJ?" 

Cord, s. ^ow,E•:: 

Cord, v. a. mf™,K' = ?» U) 4 " 

Cordage, s. pO"Ot't'' T^'^: niH-V" 

Cor'dial, s. PA-fi: o".K-:5VS'" 

Cor'dial, ac?;. PA-n:: YlAA-fi: JPA" 

Cordial'ity, s. PA'O: 6.*C" 

Coi-'dially, arfv. Yl AA'fl " 

Corian'der, s. ^"T^-nAA" 

Cork,..r»C^:: >ig-"l: PAHfl: XlQCIf^:: 

Cork'screw, s. PIpC^- ""Vld.3'" 
Corn,s."5\tlA:: ?»S" ^Tnl-" 
Cor'neous, ac/j. *-?J^: PO^iroflA:: 

Cor'ner, s. "^OTIT:: 

Cor'net. s. :^rh: ooaYiV" P^S.^rtf^'i: 

Cor'nice, s. PtL'f: •I'KA:: 
Comi'gerous, adj. •I»'}^: J?AQ>'" 
Corona'tion, s. o^lriAA- 
Cor'oner, s. n^g-ii'l*: pirva>T: qnl*: O" 

Co/onet, s. J-f h : ?t^A.A:: 

Cor'poral, s. Pl^f^: Ep.^C>p: :r^ir: 

Corpo'real, Cor'poral. ac?;. PI A" PA"^:: 
Cor'porate, adj. A^^: ^A: PTllaijoi?:: 
Corpora'tion, s. 'h'^^Vf- «n)rtaqaij-t-:: 

Corps, s.YiC^fl" PDUd.^i'-.lFlG.A:: 
Corpse, s. «i,'l! :: 

Cor'pulence, s. PIA: (DC^.9«1'T:: ""14, 

Cor'pulent, adj. 0)0.6.9°" Pld.4." 
Corre'ct, v.a. f\'Pi'" 
Corre'ct. adj. P1>r:: RVF-- 

Correc'tion, s. oq^f ^:: A disciplinary — 

Correct'ive, ac//. pm^l^qT:: ^"^^T!l•:: 
Correct'ly, adv. ^^-f-"- Kilf: ^i^CJ" 
Correct'ness, s. 't'Ji't':: KiJ^l^':: 
Correspo'nd, v.n. g^Ahl: rtmf: TTnA" 

1nA.A: P&.- f rto^T^f-: rt<J.:: 
Correspond'ence, s. '7°AhT: ^^fim'Vr: 

ootpfiA:: YlAA: :J«5.: TftaqTo-f-: 

Correspond'ent, oc/j. PTfl'"J"'J" 
Correspond'ent, s. YlA-A: ;3«5.: 8:<5.^1: P 

Cor'rigible, adj. ou^r't*: Pi^i^A:: 
Corrob'orant, orfj. pon^^flC:?'" P'^.^Ki':: 
Corrob'orate, v.a. ?Kn<;:J':: hKi"" 
Corrobora'tion, s. oqnC:!'^:: rniR-r't": 
Corro'de, v.a. yuj-A-^l: HA:: KHI:: 
Corro'sion, s. -nA" HT" 
Corro'sive, s. potiyfii\^^: pcninA: cro 

Corro'sive, adj. panyH:):: 



( 53 ) 



Corru'pt, v.a. h(I\ii.:: txYlii,:: ^ifl/V"!:: 
v.n. m4.:: HAH:: Yl^.:: 

Corru'pt, ady. T<5.:: Vl^:: PHA-I:: 

Corrupt'er, s. J'lT^L:: 'fvYld,:: /\«1¥:: 

Corrupt'ible, orfj. pa^m^:: pai^Vl4.:: 

Corrup'tion, s. T^-'f" 

Corrupt'! ve, adj. pmi^mrj." 

Corrupt'ness, s. T^.'^l'T:: 

Cor'sair, s. Pn^i^: 'paojf':: 

Corse, *. «i,<l;: 

Cosmet'ic, s. lACD'T: PT^ll-fllR-: *ro^;} 

Cos'mical, ac?/. JPA7":: 
Cosmog'raphy, s. yAT^: ■'l'9'*i5C"t"" 
Cosmop'olite, s. JPAT": lAlC- 
Cost, s. q>3:: eJUTH":: 
Cost,t).n. TIMM — : 
Cosf al, ot/;. P"1T:: 
Cost'ive, ac//. LT^,: Pn^Vl-T:: 
Cost'iveness, s. PU"J^: oonC'in"V:: 
Cost'linciS.s. Pt;]: -flM't":: ilPC- HATO". 
Cosfly, of/j. pVin^:: *P:3a>: Pn«i:: 
Cot, Cot'tage, s. P'lTii,: a^:: 
Cot'tager, s. 'in^S.:: 
Cot'ton, s. 'yy :: 

Couch, r.n. At^Q.^: T'^'rom:: re hhT:: 
Couch, s. oo«l> ao KL : : ff^^HQ,:: 
Cove, s. OOR^:: ooxT^J?:: 
Cov'enant, «. Tl.^'1-- nU-A'T: rt^^: (D 
^fl: nihA-l": 7-n>kP-^': """Yi-fi^: 

Cov'enant, v. n. -rfx^l^'-i:: $>£\: Vl.^'i: 

n:: r^lPK" 
Covenantee', s. g>A: Vl.^'J: PIT: llO)':: 
Cov'er, v.a. tlKi:: 11*5.4:: AAnrt- To 

veil::J4K" .„ ^ ^ 

Cov'er, *. troYlKV" fiof\gJ:: A-nfl-: 

Cov'ering, s. ooVl^'f :: Ailfl:: o^f\&.V:: 
Cov'erlet, Cov'erlid, s. P9n^8e,•• ""'(i&X:: 

Cov'ert, s. oojirn^:: 
Cov'et, r.a.'r"«?" «5.AT:: TiH" 
Cov'etous, at//. PTo^f" fllV- PYin-V: 

Cov'ey, s. PPGl"-T': •nH'f:: 
Cough, s. "ITDitT:: «1A:: v.n. T[7"«il: 
J'* A" "lA" 

Coun'cil, s. in1" T-n?*." Ecclesiastical; 

Couu'sel, ». f^YlC.:: 

Coun'sel, ua. ooYl^:: TmiYl^" 

Coun'sellor, s. ouVi^:: 

Count, s. Yl(I>•^■T:: :^A^•. J^ASf:: 

Count, i;.a. «|»»m4:: T.ljmti" ?il1lJ:: 

Count'enance, s. dL'T"-: ^ifl:: 

Count'enance, v.a. d.'P'i: flOl-'- q"TI>T: 

rtm:: 2\1H:: 
Count'er, s. <|>""rj^:: 
Count'er, odi-. n A ^ - K A -¥■ " 
Countera'ct, v.a. ^^:: VIAYIA:: H— : 

A^: tl6.:: 
Counterbal'ance,v.a. tn^Hl'T: n"^HV- iM* 

Count'erchange, s. on/\tpa)T:: 
Count'erfeit, adj. "l-HTt:: ?irtT?':: 
Count'erfeit, uo. nrt'V: hfloortA"- f^"^ 

Counterma'nd.i'.a. PTl'iml'CD'l: ^''XH'H: 

hC: ?iS.fl:ilO= ?»HH:: 

Count'ermarch, s. (D.^^: ^A: pn^A: ^^H:: 
Count'erpane, s. P9»TH^: "oHd.?:: A 

Count'erplot, s. PRA•■^^: orarmQ: PT"^ 

Count'erpoise, s. poi^HT: "i'lVhA: o^MT: 
Counterpoise, tJ.o. o^mT: HA. A: o^Hl- 

Count'ersign, i-.a. AJtd.'l'^ nf™!Il4n(D': 

aofiYld,: nfltra':: 
Count'less, odj. ^'VO PA.AO^" 
Coun'try, s. 2\1(;:: 9"J^C:: 
Coun'tryman, s. 1A1C" -A- man from the 

country. TfT^:: 
Coup'le, s. R-^o.^:: 
Coup'le, v.a. xonj^:: 
Cour'age, s. A-fl:: J^^^'V:: 
Coura'geously, adi-. nj^Q,«^'"r:: 
Cour'ier, s. tHjVi'V':: iJ^^tl :: 



( 54 ) 



<.cq.:: ondT:: ^ndi.Jf :: hR 



Course, *, 

Cours'er, s. <5."lf : d.^ft:: 

Court, «. lp(;'f:: p;}^!;: ooff^y; 

nn:?»Km.e:: pe.c.^: iTi'l" 

Court, V. o. qo^fl'5: (DJEfj: (D^J^^l: >»il::' 

Conn'eom. adj. 1Q:: nqnirt:JPA:: iVjrf^ 
J^: PAHH:: 

Courtesa'n, «. Ho^'^'l':: ^Al"'!":: 

Court'esy, s. ^Vi,ij,^: AH-Hf: 

Court'ier, s. P'n^.i": fLT: rt(I> 

Court'like, oc?/. fl'iT-MJ': oof£^_p 

Court'ly, adj. "hTi^: TI-AJ": trorCP 

Coi's'jn, s. yh'l-: Ajf :: Pffll^T": (D^ 
fl: P-1-: Ag-:: 

Cow, s. AT":: A milch — : R-1'1':: A — 
without horns : l-ooy^:: A grey — : V^ 
^-:: Ablack— : (DAn-l-:: 
Cow'ard, s. <5.^:: A'R: PA.AO)': flO)-:: 
Co\v'ardly. adj. yti: A-fl:: 
Cow'er, 1.7!. •hAQ-p'i- T'incXiY*: T^axs 

Cow'hcrd, s. PA9": y%d.V-- .S^-ft" 
Cowl, s. Pqni^rt.: «¥"«:: 
Cox'comb, s. JPa>*^.: ^C: I'SA:: 
Coy.arf;.^<5L.i:: ^A^d*',:: 
Coy'ish, ac//. ?i4.^:: Jc'AKd.*^:: 
Coy'ness, s. T^Q^djf :: ?iAtroSd.C" 
Coz'en, V. a. ?i:^A A:: ililA :: 
Coz'enage, s. imA:: ooj-aA:: 
Coz'ener, s. h'j;!.^:: ?\:rAJE:: 
Crack, v. n. fl^iU/V: ?iA :: 
Cradle, s. /h^f^: Pti^a)H(DHn'"r: TD-j 

Craft, s. -nA»i^:: -nTThA:: p-OAW't": 

fl<J.:: ?tTP4ll'T:: iTrh'T^: ooCTH 

Craft'ily.adi. nflA*i^:: nTlYV-A:: 

Craft'iness, s. "nVl-A:: 

Crafts'man. s. -flAUT?:: KTP/ii?':: 

Craft'y, adj. TIYI'AI':: 

Crag. s. h«?"n:: h^n-l-:: 

Crag'ged, Crag'gy, adj. Y^^,Q.:J'V"^^•^ ?\*n 

Cra'iiium, s. pcp-l'l^-A^: ?iiR-l-t':: 

Cran'kle, v. a. noUOHT: Ar.^.:: 

Cran'ny, s. fn-T*:: hntH/fr- 

Crash,*. aj/Yl't":: 

Crate, s. ^CCd'T:: 

Crave, v.a. ^i^-"!: AT^T: ^Al:: Tr/..1':: 

Cra'ven, s. ^-A: PTli»i: ^iCD-^.: ^C" 
hop.£i-n: PA.AO)': rtOh:: d.<5:: 

Crauneh, v.a. 'VC.fl'i: ^Jf^,:: 

Craw, s. PfiQ,: £0.:!.^.:: 

Crawl, v.n. ^H:: 

Creak, v.n. |%ni.T: ?»A:: 

Cream, s. ?»^'n:: Tigr. h^T:: 

Crea'my, ac/j. h.&n 9":: 

Crea'te, v.a. ^iU^:: 

Crea'tion, s. «ro^fnC:: Q/Vd/V" 

Crea'tive, adj. po^ti/VC,"- 

Crea'tor, s. ti."M" 

Crea'ture, s. ^T^'t':: 

Cre'dence, s. oijoij'}:: 

Creden'da, s. par^^oo'}: YIC.:: 

Creden'tials, s. po^^'looT: R'«i/1':: 

Cred'ible, adj. 7t<D-i-'f: thf: POTlwoflA:: 

Credibility, Cred'ibleness, *. !hi«1inj^i-Tf :: ">» 

Cred'it, s. oijcjD'}:; aqi^cro^:: 

Cred'it, v.a. T\""i" 

Cred'itable.of/;. pai;^j>otJ'5:: "KaM't*: PtTO 

Cred'itor, *. HA^:: 

Credu'lity, s. paijonT; ^^mf:: 

Cred'ulous, adj. -t-A": pi^iyTDT:: 

Creed, s. pi/^orqr't': ■1-7ntlC'>:: 

Creek, s. PT/hC: Ti'ti ■ T-Oi':: 

Creep, v.n. m^.f: nfi,: rh.^:: 

Creep'er, s. n"l<.r: fl^: Po^rft^:: 

Cre'mor, s. ?»^'n :: 

Crepus'cule, s. WQ'P:: 

Crepus'culous, adj. 'K'i^: WC.^: .PA:: 

Cres'cent, s. pai]^JPJt^°l: CO.ri^?':: 

Crest, s. ycD'i.: ^(Z: ♦PKA:: PfflJ-^C^ 

In^: n-T^n-: AJE: 



( 55 ) 



Crest'fallen, adj. Alh: P(DR^" JPHi:: 

Crev'ice, s. fm«{|»:: tl'fl^^". 
Crew, s. paocXl-n: fl(fi^:: 
Crew'el, s. P«5.-1'A: '^flr. 
Crib, v. pTn-n^: oon^:: 
Crib'ble, s. {D7n<iL^:: 
Crick, s. PJ^It": Ca-'n^: no«HC:: yi 

Cri'er, s. CO.T'TI.:: 

Crime, «. ;Jrn.?it':: ngA" 

Cri'meless, oc?/. pAllKA" 

Crim'inal, Crim'inous, adj. flKA?':: 

Crim'inal. s. n^JE" nRA? :: 

Crimina'tion, s. ooYl 1*111" ?»"1^" 

Crim'osin, s. P«I>JE: 1»A9": 2\^i^:: 

Crimp, ac/j. ptni<5.«iS.C" 

Crim'ple, u.a. '\?-C,'V: flP: J^ilK*;:: 

Crim'son, s. P«f^: •tA'?": ?kJil'Y":: 

Crip'ple, s. J'vThil:: 

Crip'ple, v.n. M'ntl:: v.a. yyflYnf}:: 

Cri'sis, s. «roAa)T: Po^inn^: I.H." 

Crite'rion, s. ovQ^^^:: PfRH^: tni^AWl:: 

Crit'ic, s. ^C^: PO^^O)'*:: 

Critical, ac/;. P^-CJE:"" 

Crit'ieise, v. a. d.d.R''- 

Crit'icism, s. oo^^jg^:: 

Croak, s. P13>-f C: aVtl'V:: 

Crock'ery, s. PflVlA: >»3*" 

Croc/odile, «. ?\H" 

Croft, 4. P-WKC- y^C.^"- 

Crone,*. ?»CT.: m:: 

Crook, s.'hTTi: n'TC- 

Crook, V. a. ^iT-nfll" 

Crook'ed, ot/j. T-H ^H :: P>n m :: 

Crop, s. odYiC:: PPQ.: m^'X^." 

Crop, v.a. <^d.lT\-- -v-n. tmt\C.'i: ViTT:: 

Crop'ful, s. n"l9": «?n^:: 

Cro'sier. s. pikiitl: n^C." 

Cros'let, s. :l-rh: ""ft^TA:: 

Cross, s. crofl'PA:: 

Cross, arf;.nC: yji.'^A:: "h^naff- '^ 

fl>:: 9D1>f:: 
Cross, I. a. aofl«t>A'i: hRd.!". trnd.:: 

Cross'bow, s. >k^K: ""fi'l'A: JPA: •Pfl't"" 

Cross'ness, s. >,7" n.T ^ H' " «1*^ "1 : : 

Crotch, s. OD^p-H":: ooOh'JLJP:: 

Crouch, t;. "H^: h.f\:: 

Crow, *. «l»^i.:: 

Crow, v.n. W^R: 4**^^.: P^Tl" 

Crowd, V. rtnrtn:: Trt-nflP: T^'J." 

Crowd, s. -HH-: PTrtflAn-: flCj)^:: 

Crown, s. /\flA.A:: H(D^K^" •fXA" 

Crown, tj. Q. KTnAA:: 4>XA:: HCD-JC-T: 

Cru'ciate, v. a. tU'TP" 
Cru'cible, s. od^abci: 
Cru'cifix, s. P^.:^^^: Toi^A.: ^Afl^: on 

Crucifix'ion, s. PVlCfl't'fl: °^tl'PA:: 
Cru'cify, V. a. rt«|»A:: 
Crude, adj. ATin: JPAlTi:: T<i.:: JPAT 

Cru'deness, Cru'dity, s. ?iAO"AH'n:: Tr!;, 

Cru'el, ar/;. ?iC*B" 7D^«i^-T: PA.Aa>:: 
Cru'elty, *. ?iC'Bl'T:: PT^'Ji^-T: oo> 

Cru'et, s. poti;^>i: 't'^oo-'H :: 

Cruis'er, s. KAI'I: (DJKfl: 7"Clm= P9" 

Cruise, v.n. KATT: ((D^fl: •7"Clr«T0 A 

Crumb, s. ^£;4.i:: 'l>-<5.i1 :: 

Crum'ble, v.a. h.£,d.^e." '-' «• d.«id.<;:: 

Crup'per, s. ?i«?nrHAn:: 

Cru'ral, adj. pciifc'}:: 

Crusa'de, Crois'ade, *. Ylt^fl^:: pooi*tcji 

A: P^C.:' 
Cru'set,*. PCDC*: ^xiVd^V- ooq[>Aai:: 
Crush, v.a. K^h.^;: ?ij^'r«l»:: K^-^: fl 

Crush, s. ou^4H.f|:: 2\a)^^^:: av^ 

Crust, s. Plg-^.: *«;<5,^:: 
Crusta'ceous, ac/;. Tr^^^: ^AQ)'". 
Crutch, s. on j^ •} ^ ^ : : on ^tl-'H : : 
Cry, V. PEiYl:: To weep: ^^A'l'rt:: 
Cry, s. CCtTl-t' :: 



( 56 ) 



Crys'tal. s, n.<VC" -n^^A.:: 

Cub, s. & V. a. jPC*E : rhWT :: 

Cu'bit,s. Vl'J^:: 

Cu'bital, adj. PYtl^:: 

Cuck'old, s. JPu«TH<;.P.t:: P^A" 

Cuckold, v.a. hOBlH*^^:: 9»THCT- ?» 

^K^C^: HATT: TTiYl-A^:: 
Cud, s. pon«rortYia): ""-riA:: 
Cud'gel, s. n-T-C" 

Cud'gei, ua. ny.ns- 

Cuff, s. troX^LJ?:: 

Cuir'ass, s. Y>C" P^^^- (DJEfl: PWf|: 

Cuirassie'r, s. Yl<^: Pt^lA-flfl: a)::^.P,C:■• 
Cuish, s. pcp.'J: YlC" 
Culinary, ocT/. P^^A".: 
Cul'minate, v. n. nou^^^^^: \(0-:: 
Cul'pable. adj. Jt^d,: pmnnO)-:: PTX 

Cul'prit,s.n^CJ?: Pn^<5.^,K-n-T: n^Af :: 
Cul'tivate, v.a. rt*;.:: Td.n:: Cultivate the 

ground: yo^O-' ?»«i«^" 
Cultiva'tion, s. o»fli.-"l:: ou^^n'T" •"} 


Cul'ture, s. oo'yq.i/D:: oufj^.^:: iro^n 

Culture, v.a. f\6.:: T^IH:: tml'tro:: ^^ 

Cul'ver, s.fPAy" 

Cul'verin, s. YlAH^Tf:: ptro^Q.: ^.^IT" 
Cum'ber.v.o. ?iTnn.'?:- VIAYIA:: Htl'-m.-- 
Cum'bersome, Cum'brous, adj. 'Jnn.J^:: T\tl 

Cu'mulate, v.a. t^an^-fi: f\<pao:: ODj^-fi: 

Cunning, adj. -flAiJ:: nAWrf:: TTln- 


Cun'ning, Cun'ningness, s. -flAM^:: TT 

Cup, *. Chalice : ftT : : Tea — : ^l^A : : 
Cup, r.a. ?\*1"0:: 
CupTjearer, s. /\«1A/L"- 
Cupidity, s. ODOof ^:: pYl-fl'T: oua^K 

Cur.s.dhil:: (D-hdyl: panofifjA: ri©-:: 

Cu'rablc, adj. V^l&.(Dtl" 

Curacy, s. P1?n: TxP'K-- XVoO'l"-- 

Cu'rate, s. P«tl1: ?»:3K" 

Curd, s. C1:: >»C1:: 

Curd, Cur'dle, V. ^^-.z 

Curb.K.a. ^C'E(U-'J: ?i^: h;):: trop.'HA 

Curb. «. ^^: 0014*1^^:: An-fl:: <rop. oo 

Cure, s. aD<i_CDri:: 
Cure, t'.a. <5.a)rt:: T%^\:- 
Cur'ed, par^ P^i:: Ffd.CDrt" 
Cu'reless, ar/y. ou^:JV"l': A ATTF" 
Curiosity, s. ^ijt^fl: ^C- ?i£.fJ: 170 = 

Cu'rious, ad/. ^^*:: hKfi:: yAlKD'T:: 

Curl, s. -J*!*!?:,:: 'hTr:: 4^TI"CTC" 
Curl, t.a. •Jrf.^i.z^KtiT:: ?i>Tl:: T^l^l, 

Cur'rant.s. PfD^T: h^W"- 

Cur'rency, s. paii<TH': oUjftYl y:: od-j-h-:: 

Cur'rent, ac/j. ptn^AffiT:: mn.y: P"^ 

Cur'rent, s. I5."1h:: PO^:}: O"^:: 
CuKrier, s. P<¥'Cn^: fl6-- 
Cur'rish,orf/.>,1K:a)''l: i^lYi:: RAT?:: 

Cur'ry, v.a. fl^C^n-'f- f\&..: 

Cur'rycomb, s. Pd,dSi- ""Jt^T.^:: 

Curse, s. axjCl*P*:: 

Curse, v.a. ^loro-.; 

Curs'edly, adv. T<J,"1V:: 

Cur'sorary, Cur'sory, adj. «?_rflT:: ^Yt-A;: 

Cur'sorily, ac/y. «J,rr»:: <5.T*r:: 

Curtai'l, v.a. '^(^(Ur. 4»-Cf^= Itx^Kd."- 

Curt'ain, s. aup^'^.z 

Curv'ature, s. 'h-IlTli' :: 

Curve, v.a. ?i>nm ." 

Cush'ion, s. qoYl^:: 

Cusp, .9. PCa«?:U': 1»1J^:: 

Cus'tody, s. cromn*.V:: T'fl'f'l*:: Prison: 

Cus'tom, s. Habit: AO'iJf- CD"!:: Duty: 



( 57 ) 



Cus'tomary, adj. Ao^R: ^A:: PA"^^" 


Cus'tomer, s. Tht^J'T":: 

Cus'tom-house, s. P"l'nC: fll*:: ^tCV-- 

Cut, v.a. 4»-«ini:: 

Cut, s. aufp^^f:: 4»^i.Gp,:: 

Cuta'neous, adj. P'l*'-C,fl^" 

Cu'ticle, s. •I'CP'T: 4»^Cn^:: 

Cutic/ular, adj. P«l*^i^n"'r " 

Cutaas, s. hTA" 

Cufler, s. poD4.^^cq.: Tyi'Vd.V:: 

Cut'ter, s.'^i.r^:: 

Cut'ting, s. tm^^f ;•. 

Cycle, s. 'flJiMviV.: H<^:: PHo^T: Yl 

Cyclopac'dia. s. Yl.Vlft"A.S.JP" JPOO"?^: 

Cylinder, s. iXA.1J^C" «i£"9": o^hcD 

Cyma'r, s. TCHtl: 00^1^^:: 

CjTn'bal. s. Kf »A:: 

Cy'nosure, s. Prttnil: ono^cq,: jfiYl-fl:: 

Cyst,s. iXfl^:: oo<^^: ^An-T: I'l^m.'l-:: 

Czar, $. P<.flJ?:TI-^":: 


Dab'ble, d. n. nCD'^: TCEKD-T:: fli.(D'T: 

Dag'ger, s. f'TA" 
Dag'gle, V. n Ep.3» : >T t : : 
DaVly.adv.Oti-t-. OA^:: acZy. PA^: OA^:: 
Dain'tily, adv. n^A^lT:: 
Dain'ty, s. ^A"!!" 
Dai'ry. *. PfflT-V: fl^tp.: n.^- 
Dale, s. «|>«A" 

Dalliance, s. POPS:'- ""HtCD'T" 
Dam, s. Piflfl: "iKri"" PCD^:}: ""YlAlH 

^: fl'^'i.'fl': nSTl^: PTlli.:: 
Dam. V. a. a>•:5CI^^: tl ATHA" 
Dam'age, ». oo'l'^^:: 
Dam'age, r. t'S," 

Dam'ageable, adj. ooT-^-Tf: pag.^A" 
Damn, u a. Y^^V.: li^ioo-.: 
Dam'nable, ad/. ptniyflVbTl:: 
Darana'tion, s.Vm." o^ClU"- 

Dam'ned, part. PTYl-ll:: CT-^"" 

Damp, ocy. CT-ll" »:i"l: P""A:: 

Damp, ». St^T" CT*n-T" 

Damp. V. a. 7\ irop. A-llT: hCD^K" 

Dam'sel, s. *lg:: 

Dance, v.n. Hdjk" »• H<5.T:: 

Dan'cing, s. H<5.^" 

Dan'dle, r. a. •r«i(D'r " 

Dan'driff, «. P,5,fll: CVrrt^" 

Da'nger, s. ^C»I^:: 

Da'ngerless, arf/. Q.Ql'f. PA.An^:: 

Da'ngerous, adj. ^Ql'^' JPAIl^:: 

Dare, v. a. ^d.^" 

Da'ring, adj. ^4.^" 

Dark, adj. CClAf^:: 

Dark'en, v. a. J\Ca.A«"J:: 

Dark'ness, s. CU>A^^" 

Darling, s. & adj. PTCDSK- 

Darn, or Dearn, v. a. «|»^ ^OT : fll'pfnj :: 

Dart, s. ^AQ:: 

Dart'ingly, adv. >i^.^: ^A^: th.^^:: 

Dash, u. ^<J." 

Dash. s. PR-d,^: gnA^'t-: (— ):: 

Das'tardly, adj. d.C'^" 

Das'tard, s. A-fl : PA. AtD' : : d,& ■ ■ 

Date, v,o. PR-d.-V'}: *rif: t\Q.i^: n9"A 

'7i\\'V: ?\"»AY1^:: 
Date,s. PR:^f : «l»ir: fil^.^,:: 
Da'teless, adj. «l>'}f : fl^d.: ^ATRd.n'f- 
Da'tive, adj. ^t-n- Pfl90: ooAmT: fifl 

Daub, uo. Anm:: o^^;^". A«?A4>:: A 

rtY" TAfli" 
Daub'er, s. o«/,.*I. : : A "1 ^ " 
Daub'ing, s. T'Of^T:: 
Daugh'ter, s. tlA". A^"- A^.'t':: 
Daunt, 7;. a. 2\fld.d." A-flT: JifflKI*" 
Daunfless, adj. JPA<5.^:: K4.i" 
Dawn, v.n. i;2:: Rq:: (DT^: ?iA:: 
Dawn, s. 'lO:: l^l^:: R-Tt*" 
Day, s. <|»1:: OA't""- 
Day'break, s. T;)'^':: R-T'I*:: 'VVV" 
Daylight, s. P«t>1: -TC'iT"- 
Day'star, s. PTT^: YiYlTB" Wt-i\". 
Daz'zle, ti. a. «%JBm: ?i<5.HH :: 

H H 



( 58 ) 


Dea'con, s. JJ^y^"?:: 
4 Dea'conry, «. ^«I;r:: 

Dead, adj. V°0>1r " Pqpf:: 

Dead'en, «. a. Tiqn-r:: l^A". "It^:: 

Deadly, at//. pnnij^A" troCHignD:: Vl^" 

Dead'ly, acZi). n«^l^A:: YkTK.'J^A:: 

Dead'ness, s. aocja-"j-:: 

Deaf, Off;. ^<¥>C;:: ptnjJErtoq:: 

Deafen, r. a. JkjEil'^ii^:: 

Deafness, ». J^^«|^£;f :: 

Deal, s. Vl^A:: -IIH^:: 

Deal, u. Yld,A:: ArtCD': <!.1:r<D'Tt: rtfll:: 

i^KO" -rilPm:: n'^'53*: Anm:: 
Deafer, s. hog'-f':: T'ljPCS?':: 
Deal'ing, s. a^^d.1" 
Dean. s. ^VlT:: Yl^k.R.fl'^ltfl: H^A: P 

Dean'ery, s. ^Vn^-I*:: 

Dear. adj. PYin^.:: PtCD^K:: T;I(D': 

Dearly, adv. >»^T: PTCDSK- •P;iCD': 11 

Dearth,s.p<p;j(D':'nH-^:: o«>KA:: ^.'fl:: 

Death, ». qn'T:: 

Death'like, adj. ^klK: q"-1':: 

Deba'r, r.a. YIAYIA- 

Deba'rk, v.a. YiaoQ'fi'fi: (D^S.- 

Deba'se, r. a. ?ia)^K " ^(t\4," 
Deba'sement, s. onjcp^^-.z 

Deba'te, s. llCVlC- "^l^" 
Deba'te, v. -rVJi.Yl^:: tl^'PIt"- 
Debau'ch,s.A^fl^flif:: fl^lC-'^\^-- 
Debau'ch, v.o. 2\m4.:: K^t"- 
Debauchee', s. fl'^6:: J^jt^'- tlOP-- tlflV-- 
Debauch'ery, s. A^PX: d.^'^'^i: oo^R«?n:: 

Deb'ile, ac?/. ^Irio^:: PAA- 
Debilitate, v.a. ^k^.Tfl^^". 
Debil'ity, ». Jf Vign:: nh^"- 
Debt,*. O^" 
Debfor, s. H A^:: 

Dec'agon, s. 7^f^C.^ orQTn: ,PA: YIO- 
Dec'alogue, s. ^f^C.: T'XHK'^: a^^:: 
Deea'mp, ».n. rtd.O* i^A- 
Deca'nt, v.a. ^(l: •flA": Kd.rtrt" 

Decaj/itate, v.a. i-flT: 4^<i^[n:: 

Deca'y, s. ornnAn*!":: 

Deca'y, r.n. nAH:: 

Decea'se, s. qD-1« :: 

Decea'se, v.n. CTD't':: 

Decea'sed, part, 9»(D.'r :: pqai* :: 

Deceft, «. imA:: o^ihAA:: ^rtl*- T 

Deceit'ful. ad;. poniTi"IA:: JSJhAJE:: All 

-rt':: "l-nH:: 'T'Jln-A?':: 
Decefve, ua. hilA:: ha'AA:: ?\'?''j'rt":: 
Deceiv'er, s. fn;!^" I^lTA^:: JMl-rif:: 

^'n'H:: •nVhA?':: 
Decem'ber, s. ^tXT^HO' ^'Wlfl" 
De'cency, s. ?\Tl'fl:: 
Decen'nial, ac?;. JPM'C: ?iO"^:: 
De'cent, ac/;. pomn :: 
De'cently, adv. Vk^,t:^T^^^ :: 
Decep'tion, *. aq^^A:: h^^A:: ?irt^:: 

Decej/tive, adj. po^^fl't-:: Pn^LMnA:: 

Decide, v.a. ilCI: I'-^fn" ^0= CH. 

Deci'dedly, adv. n<t''-CT: 11^:: 

Deci'mal, adj. ^l^C." 

Decima'tion, s. Vi/Juf^; ^^'J^'J: croT^itiRT: 

Deci'sion, s. pn^: au€j>.^'p:: pn^: oo 

Deci'sive, adj. YlC'i: VO^.WiCS\" 
Deci'sively, adt;. nO: 4^Cf"" i^C^: CO. 

Deck, t).a.hi5.1:: hA«ra:: hAHrt" YlK^-: 
Deck, s. poDCTn-fl: KCH- 
Declara'tion, s. tnj'7/\^:: <Ii«?n: YlCy. 
Declar'ative, adj. P^^i^AI»•:: 
Declai/atory, adj. ptn^-j^Jt:: 
Decla're, «.a.lAR:: Tfl*;:: lJ9°: I'lC: 

Decla'red, pari. PTlAR" 

Declen'sion, ». ooH'inA:: Pfl7°: oo/\a) 

Declina'tion, s. ooHinA:: t^JT-m*:: 
DecH'ne, v. HiflA:: (D4K:: KYioo;: >, 
7»fl.: ^»A:: 



( 69 ) 



Decli'ne, «. aD(D-^jf:: troJl^,'^':: 0)^: 

Declivity, *.«1>*A4»^A'>:: 7^^" 

Dec'orate, v. a. ?i H Aoo :: ?ifil.R " 

Deco'rous, adj. PCPq,n:: 

Deco'rticate, v. a. •I'^d.:: 

Decc/rum, s. MH'TI:: 

Decrea'se, v. ?i5rt:: 

Decrea'se, s. o^^fl:: 

Decree', w.n. «5.<1>^:: 

Decree', s. d,$'S," 

Decrej/if, arfj. h(Z1" 

Decrej/itude, s. "XCS"^" 

Decre'tal, s. PC'/": Aii«^^: '1''>iHH'^•. P 

Decry', u a. rtj^n :: Y14.: Tn^n — :: 

Ded'icate, D.a. rtrtl:: "f^A". 
Ded'icated, pari. PTrtfl):: P'^'^IA:: 
Dedica'tion, s. croi^^:: o^Ijf^fn'^:: 00^ 

Dedu'ct, v.a. IflAA: fflrtj?- 

Deduc'tion, s. ou{|>-j*|j^:: 

Deed, s. aij^^«7:: ft^:: KA/V" 

Deem, v.ji.oartA:: 2\rtn:: dLidK" 

Deep, adj. mA^" PfflA^:: 

Deep, *. «|» A^ " 

Deeply, adv. ?»TA*:: >iS^:: 

Deer, s. J^KTr" 

Defa'ce, d. a. 4.*I' " ?k fl) 4. - 

Defa'cement,s. irqlCDC" "iffiC" i^nlTtDC- 

Defal'cate, ua. 4*-4m :: ?ii«llrt" 

Defa'me, v. a. KtliCD/!.:: 

Defau'lt, s. -rij^^^:: ■ft.tkOijR^I-- 

Defaulfer, *. OJ^OM: Po^^Yi€i£i" 

Deiea.%v.a.oo^:z n«»:: ^Ail"!:: tiR 

Defea't, s. J^A: tm\ui^:: 

Defea'ted, part. ^A : PTi"l "- PTtro^ :: 

Defe'ct,*. OOT-KA" Tl^a^:: 

Defec'tion, *. ooT-KA" 

Defecfive, arf;. ^.S-?": ,P.^SA:: Po»lT" 


Defe'nce, s. 00 mn*:: 
Defenceless, oefj. ^ATmO'I'" 
Defe'nd, v.a. mil't'" 

Defend'ant, s. P'TVllllrt: ft®*:: 

Defend'er, s. fnTl;:: 

Defen'sible, adj. oofnfl^: P''9,^A:: 

Defen'sive, *. o"mn^:: 

Defe'r, v. hn*P" HIP" (D^: AA: h 

Deference, s. ^lilC:: 
Defi'ance, ». ^9"'i\Vf" 
Defi'ciency, s. aat^^g^:-. 
Defi'cient, adj. po^T°^A :: 
Defile, i;.a. K^Vt-rt:: K'^RA.:: IfXCJ". 

Defile, ». xn,-!!: ou-Jl^:: 

Defiled, ;3ari. I^Vrfl:: 

Defilement, s. axj(yffl:: 

Defi1er,s. J^C^il:: ?iT<5.:: A^"^" 

Defi'nable, adj. crod.:l""r: Po^'^T^A:: 

Defi'ne, v. d,^:: 

Definite, at/;. PT4»"«^m:: Ep,^h :: 

Defini'tion, s. o^^'^^r. 

Defin'itive, adj. cp-^fl :: 

Deflou'r,ua. ?vni4."- *l^a>''?: ?iL4'ln-rt:: 

Deform, i;.a. fxm&d." "»Aln: ?ifn<i:: 

Deform'ed, adj. OD^Yh: Pdlii:: 
Deform'ity, s. P»o^^: JiA^^troC" "" 

Defrau'd, v. a. hi! A : : J^^- AA : : 
Defraud'er, s. JT};)^:: 
Dcfra'y, v.a. Tfld.A:: 
Defu'nct, adj. & s. ptpj*!*:: 
Def/, tj.a. -roroVi :: ^A,^.:: f'P" 
Degen'eracy, s. Pdi'lj^: 'V4.T:: 
Degen'erate, v.»i. Ttfi,: m^R^: ACDfl):: t 

nA«l:: 014.:: 
Deglu'tinate, v.a. ODfrjfi^JT: <5.3*:: 
Degluti'tion, s. oo'PT:: 
Degrada'tion, s, tnjV^i^Jf :: 
Degra'de, v.a. 7\Vd.K"